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Tsang Benjamin K-T - - 2013
: A previously healthy 29-year-old man was admitted to a tertiary referral center with acute left hemiparesis followed shortly by de novo convulsive status epilepticus. This was in the context of a 2-month history of flu-like symptoms, severe headaches, and retinopathy recently diagnosed as acute multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy. Neuroimaging ...
Ebersberger Ullrich - - 2013
Chest pain associated with cocaine use represents an increasing problem in the emergency department (ED). Cocaine use has been linked to the acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We used coronary computed tomography angiography (cCTA) to evaluate the prevalence, severity and composition of atherosclerotic lesions in cocaine ...
Vizzardi Enrico - - 2013
Tako-Tsubo cardiomyopathy is a transient left ventricular apical ballooning syndrome also known as stress-induced cardiomyopathy. This reversible cardiomyopathy without epicardial coronary artery disease mimics acute myocardial infarction. Right ventricular involvement, which has been infrequently reported, is present in about a quarter of cases of Tako-Tsubo cardiomyopathy and is associated with ...
Ball Daniel R - - 2013
Hyperpolarised (13) C MRI can be used to generate metabolic images of the heart in vivo. However, there have been no similar studies performed in the isolated perfused heart. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop a method for the creation of (13) C metabolite maps of the ...
Vemulapalli Sreekanth - - 2013
The goal of this study was to characterize determinants of infarct size in the multicenter randomized Counterpulsation to Reduce Infarct Size Pre-PCI Acute Myocardial Infarction (CRISP-AMI) trial. Contemporary determinants of infarct size in patients presenting with acute anterior myocardial infarction without shock and undergoing percutaneous revascularization have been incompletely characterized. ...
Hoffmann Boris A - - 2013
 We present a case of ventricular storm (VS) in a patient with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). After initial successful thrombus extraction and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the proximal left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery, a 63-year-old male patient showed recurrent monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) and fibrillation (VF) episodes ...
Konings Joke - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The contribution of the contact system to arterial thrombosis is unclear, results of clinical studies are conflicting. Particularly, little is known about the involvement of the contact system in the progression of arterial thrombosis. Therefore, we investigated the activation of the contact system during an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) ...
Velasco Manuel - - 2013
Since the invention of electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG), its significance in the diagnosis of acute ischemic disease, chronic ischemic disease, and its contribution to cardiology has been no less than remarkable. The pathophysiology of acute coronary syndromes in most cases correlates with the clinical outcomes, biochemical findings (cardiac biomarkers), and ...
Waller Christine J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) induced myocardial dysfunction (often labeled neurogenic stunned myocardium) encompasses a spectrum of clinical presentations ranging from an isolated elevation of cardiac enzymes to cardiogenic shock. OBJECTIVE: We describe a case of stress cardiomyopathy in a patient following acute aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage that showed an "inverse" or ...
Carbone F - - 2013
The pathogenesis of acute myocardial infarction is known to be mediated by systemic, intraplaque and myocardial inflammatory processes. Among different immune cell subsets, compelling evidence now indicates a pivotal role for neutrophils in acute coronary syndromes. Neutrophils infiltrate coronary plaques and the infarcted myocardium and mediate tissue damage by releasing ...
Vemulapalli Sreekanth - - 2013
Acute limb ischemia is a vascular emergency of the lower extremities characterized by an abrupt loss of limb perfusion that threatens tissue viability and usually presents within 14 days of symptom onset.(1, 2) More than 200,000 patients in the U.S. were affected by acute limb ischemia in 2000, more than ...
Baruch Amos - - 2013
Despite dramatic advances in standard of care, the risk of recurrent myocardial infarction early after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) remains high. This period of elevated risk after a cardiovascular event is associated with an acute inflammatory response. While post-ACS inflammation correlates with the risk for recurrent events and is ...
Srinivas Sunil Kumar - - 2013
Achondroplastic individuals are associated with increased cardiac risk when compared to the general population. Coronary interventions in patients with achondroplasia have not been studied previously. We report the case of a 32-year-old male smoker with achondroplasia who presented with acute chest pain of 3 hours duration. He was diagnosed with ...
Hodge Ashley B - - 2013
Acute right ventricular failure post heart transplantation in the pediatric population has not been well documented. Treatment using medical therapies including inotropes and nitric oxide are often inefficient for pediatric patients. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has been traditionally used in children until a long-term decision can be made. As a result ...
Ravn-Fischer Annica - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We wanted to evaluate predictors of direct admittance to a coronary care unit (CCU) and predictors of death in patients with suspected acute coronary syndromes (ACS). METHODS: During 2004-2007, all consecutive prehospitally triaged patients with suspected ACS were prospectively included. Prehospital and emergency data were collected at point of ...
Iacucci Ilaria - - 2013
PURPOSE: The main hallmark of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TT-CMP) is transient ischaemia, with completely reversible regional contractile dysfunction, which involves the mid-apical segments and shows no angiographic signs of coronary artery disease (CAD). The acute and reversible myocardial injury suggests that tissue oedema may be an important marker of disease. MATERIALS ...
Amier Raquel P - - 2013
Up to 40% of patients with acute myocardial infarction develop microvascular obstruction (MVO) despite successful treatment with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The presence of MVO is linked to negative remodelling and left ventricular dysfunction, leading to decreased long-term survival, increased morbidity and reduced quality of life. The acute obstruction ...
Sy Fridolin - - 2013
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) may be more common than previously reported in postmenopausal women (PMW) presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). TC often masquerades as an ACS with electrocardiographic changes, elevated troponins, and/or chest discomfort. Its exact incidence in ACS is unknown but most studies suggest it is 1% to 2.2%. ...
Kim Jinkwon - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We investigated whether the presence of nonrelevant cerebral atherosclerosis (NRCA) had prognostic value in patients with acute stroke. METHODS: We compared prognosis in 780 consecutive patients with first-ever acute cerebral infarction who underwent cerebral angiography and diffusion-weighted MRI. RESULTS: NRCA was present in 267 patients (34.2%). Multivariate ...
Lazzeri Chiara - - 2013
We assessed the incidence and the prognostic role for early death of acute insulin resistance (by means of homeostatic model assessment [HOMA] index) in 1350 patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) consecutively admitted to our intensive cardiac care unit (ICCU). The incidence of HOMA positivity was 5% (68 of 1350), ...
Jung Hyun-Jung - - 2013
We describe a patient with palatal tremor (PT) as a manifestation of focal seizure caused by acute cortical infarction. Brain MRI showed acute infarction in the left precentral gyrus without evidence of brainstem lesions or hypertrophy of the inferior olivary nucleus. We discuss the differences between our patient and previous ...
Miller Renee - - 2013
Myocardial infarction therapies involving biomaterial injections have shown benefits in inhibiting progression towards heart failure. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. A finite element model of the human left ventricle was developed from magnetic resonance images. An anteroapical infarct was represented at acute (AI) and fibrotic (FI) stage. Hydrogel injections ...
Eslami Vahid - - 2013
Acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with significant arrhythmia and cardiac arrest. QT prolongation can occur in the setting of ischemia or acute STEMI as a risk factor for arrhythmia. The goal of this study was to investigate corrected QT interval (QTc), QT dispersion (QTd), and T-wave peak to ...
Patil Sangita M - - 2013
Background: An early identification of the patients with the Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) is of prime importance, due to the associated very high mortality. Only about 22% of the patients who present at the emergency cardiology care centres with chest pain, have coronary disease. Ischaemia modified albumin has already been ...
Djurić Ivica I Clinic for Emergency Internal Medicine, Military Medical Academy, Belgrade, - - 2013
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a transient acute heart failure syndrome caused by stress that provokes left ventricular mid-apical akinesis and mimics acute coronary syndrome. A 66-year-old woman had chest pain and dispnoea a few hours before hospitalization. A sudden emotional stressful event preceded the symptoms. Electrocardiographic abnormalities--precordial ST elevation and modest ...
Madrigano Jaime J Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
Although several studies have examined associations between temperature and cardiovascular-disease-related mortality, fewer have investigated the association between temperature and the development of acute myocardial infarction (MI). Moreover, little is known about who is most susceptible to the effects of temperature. We analyzed data from the Worcester Heart Attack Study, a ...
Yunoki Kei - - 2013
Inflammation and oxidative stress play key roles in atherosclerotic plaque instability, and plaque rupture/erosion and subsequent thrombus formation constitute the principal mechanisms of total vessel occlusion and acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Plaque disruption triggers the formation of initial platelet aggregates that grow in association with an increase in fibrin ...
Mongiovì Maurizio - - 2013
We report a case of acute myocardial infarction in an 8-year-old boy with a history of Kawasaki disease and giant coronary aneurysms in the right and left coronary arteries. We performed coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention 4 hours after the onset of symptoms. This case suggests that primary percutaneous ...
Ladeira Renata Teixeira - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia in the acute phase of myocardial infarction is an important prognostic factor. However, its pathophysiology is not fully understood. OBJECTIVE: To analyze simultaneously the correlation between hyperglycemia and biochemical markers related to stress, glucose and lipid metabolism, coagulation, inflammation, and myocardial necrosis. METHODS Eighty patients with acute myocardial ...
Wang Hui - - 2013
Patients who experience acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are at increased risk of recurrent events in the weeks to months following the initial event. The underlying etiology for this vulnerable period following MI is unclear but could be related to the same underlying triggers responsible for the initial MI. Alternatively, the ...
Kang Jaskaran S - - 2013
Randomized trials have established the efficacy of antianginal medications in the treatment of chronic stable coronary disease. Using data from the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) and Canadian Registry of Acute Coronary Events (CANRACE), we examined the temporal trends in antianginal use (beta blockers, calcium antagonists, and nitrates) ...
Satish Roplekar - - 2013
Acute myocardial infarction following snake bite is rare with few reported cases in literature. A 60-year-old male underwent uneventful stenting to a critical stenosis in left anterior descending coronary artery in June 2012. A month later, he presented to the local hospital with history of snake bite. During admission he ...
Padfield Gareth J GJ British Heart Foundation Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2013
The inflammatory cytokine, tumour necrosis factor α (TNF-α), exerts deleterious cardiovascular effects. We wished to determine the effects of TNF-α antagonism on endothelial function and platelet activation in patients with acute myocardial infarction. A double-blind, parallel group, randomised controlled trial performed in a tertiary referral cardiac centre. 26 patients presenting ...
Aspberg Sara - - 2013
Background: Acute myocardial infarction (MI) is a leading cause for morbidity and mortality in Sweden. We aimed to compare patients with an acute MI included in the Register of information and knowledge about Swedish heart intensive care admissions (RIKS-HIA, now included in the register Swedeheart) and in the Swedish statistics ...
Skårdal Kristine - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate late gadolinium-enhanced (LGE) assessment of infarct size, a comparison with manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI), and histology was performed in a permanent infarction model in the mouse at the acute and chronic stage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a paired fashion at the acute and chronic stage after ...
Hassell Mariëlla E C J - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Identification of prognostic markers can be used to stratify patients in the acute phase of ST-elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) according to their potential to retain viable myocardium after reperfusion. The percentage of the myocardial area at risk (MaR) that is ischemic at admission, defined as the Acute ...
D T Kumaravadivel - - 2013
Left bundle branch block (LBBB) during anaesthesia is uncommon. During general anaesthesia, LBBB may be related to hypertension or tachycardia and its acute onset makes the diagnosis of acute myocardial ischemia or infarction difficult. We would like to present a case report of a healthy patient who developed LBBB intra ...
Pleister Adam - - 2013
Acute coronary syndrome refers to any group of clinical symptoms compatible with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). AMI is a major cause of death and disability worldwide with the greatest risk of death within the first hours of AMI onset. Therefore, delays in 'ruling in' AMI may increase morbidity and mortality ...
Bossone Eduardo - - 2013
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) is a unique acute syndrome characterized by transient left ventricular systolic dysfunction in the absence of significant coronary artery disease, occurring mostly in postmenopausal women after emotional and/or physical stress. Given the nonspecific symptoms and signs, a high clinical index of suspicion is necessary to detect the ...
Sclarovsky Samuel - - 2013
In acute myocardial ischemic syndrome the electrocardiogram is capable of providing sophisticated information on coronary artery anatomy (the culprit artery, the level of obstruction, the arterial dimension), along with the hemodynamics, molecular biological characteristics and ionic changes that occur in the involved and uninvolved ischemic musculature. In acute myocardial ischemia, ...
Romero Daniel - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: In acute myocardial ischemia changes within the QRS complex can add valuable information to that from the repolarization phase. This study evaluates three angles obtained from the main slopes of the R-wave within the QRS complex to assess acute myocardial ischemia. METHODS: The QRS angles, denoted by ØR (R-wave ...
Lv Zhengbing - - 2013
It has been shown that adrenomedullin (ADM) may function as a cardiovascular-regulatory peptide in humans. Intermedin (IMD) is a newly discovered peptide related to ADM and has a greater range of biological effects on the cardiovascular in animal experiments. The purpose of the study was to investigate the pathophysiological role ...
Phadke Milind S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiographic abnormalities mimicking myocardial ischemia have been reported in intra-abdominal conditions, including acute pancreatitis. However, the occurrence of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is rare. OBJECTIVES: To present a case report of a young man with acute pancreatitis subsequently complicated by acute STEMI. The diagnosis and management of STEMI in ...
Rao Rajeev V - - 2013
Patients presenting with acute chest pain and suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who have nonobstructive coronary disease on angiography, but new regional wall motion abnormalities are often diagnosed with takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC). The cause of TTC is often physical or emotional stress, and this clinical syndrome occurs more often in ...
Dechant Markus-Johann - - 2013
Myocarditis is a potentially life-threatening disease. Although ventricular thrombus formation in myocarditis is rare, it carries the risk of serious complications. We report on a 10-year-old previously healthy girl presenting with 2 large left ventricular thrombi in acute lymphocytic acute myocarditis. No coagulation disorder was found. Her clinical course and ...
Bunte Matthew C - - 2013
Complications of hemostasis account for the most common adverse events during continuous-flow ventricular assist device support for advanced heart failure. Successful management of acute coronary thromboembolism during HeartMateII device support has not been described in the literature. We present a case of acute coronary thromboembolism of the left main trunk ...
Kim Boo-Gyoung - - 2013
This report describes a case of acute mesenteric ischemia due to acute superior mesenteric artery (SMA) thromboembolism in a patient with chronic atrial fibrillation despite optimal anticoagulation therapy. The patient underwent SMA angiography and endovascular revascularization for acute mesenteric ischemia. We initially tried endovascular thrombolytic therapy for the thromboembolism of ...
Sen Taner - - 2013
The exact etiology of the coronary slow flow phenomenon (CSFP) is not certain. CSFP is not a normal variant as it is an absolutely pathological entity. Furthermore, CSFP not only leads to myocardial ischemia but it can also cause classical acute ST elevation myocardial infarction, which necessitates coronary angiography for ...
Gordhan Ajeet - - 2013
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is the most common form of hereditary cerebral angiopathy. We present a case in which a pattern of diffusion signal change compatible with bihemispheric acute watershed infarcts occurred in a symptomatic patient demonstrating global hypoperfusion. To our knowledge, watershed infarcts ...
Gokay Seher S Faculty of Medicine, Baskent University Alanya, Antalya - - 2013
Homocysteine (Hcy), a sulfur-containing amino acid that is formed by demethylation of dietary methionine to cystein. Elevated homocysteine level is known to be associated with coronary artery disease. We present a case of acute myocardial infarction in a 25-year-old woman, associated with hyperhomocysteinaemia. Her other risk factors for coronary artery ...
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