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Akuzawa Nobuhiro - - 2014
Viral myocarditis presents with various symptoms, including fatal arrhythmia and cardiogenic shock, and may develop chronic myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy in some patients. We report here a case of viral myocarditis with liver dysfunction and pancreatitis. A 63-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with dyspnea. The initial investigation showed ...
Hanson Ivan I The Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Beaumont Hospitals, Royal Oak, MI 48073 USA. - - 2014
A 49-year-old man underwent emergent coronary angiography for acute inferior myocardial infarction (MI). After balloon angioplasty of culprit right coronary artery (RCA) occlusion, a Promus Element stent would not advance to the target lesion. The proximal end of the stent became compressed against the tip of the guiding catheter, such ...
Cetin Mustafa M Department of Cardiology, Adiyaman University, Adiyaman, - - 2014
Behcet's disease (BD) is a multisystemic inflammatory disorder of unknown origin, presenting with mucocutaneous, ocular, articular, vascular, gastrointestinal and central nervous system manifestations. Coronary involvement is very rare in patients with BD. Sildenafil, an oral drug used to treat erectile dysfunction, was shown to cause significant cardiovascular problems including acute ...
Mahon Caroline C Dermatology Department, Greenlane Clinical Centre, Private Bag 92-189, Auckland Mail Centre 1142, Auckland, New Zealand. - - 2014
We present an unusual case of congestion bleeding of the head and neck following myocardial infarction. A 51-year-old man presented with widespread facial petechiae and subconjunctival haemorrhages following a collapse associated with evolving electrocardiographic changes. Emergency coronary artery stent placement was undertaken. No cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was performed. We hypothesise ...
Abisse Saddam S SS Fellow affiliated with the Cardiovascular Institute, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University and Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, - - 2014
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a reversible cardiomyopathy which has increasingly been recognized in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome. It is characterized by transient systolic ventricular dysfunction with regional wall motion abnormalities beyond a single vascular territory and in the absence of significant epicardial coronary artery obstruction. ...
Colombo Alessandro A aCardiology Department, 'Luigi Sacco' Hospital, Milano, Italy bCardiology Division, University Hospital Centre, Split, Croatia cMaccabi Healthcare Services, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
The existence of specific risk factors for the development of coronary heart disease, both chronic and acute, has been extensively investigated and is well understood by cardiology professionals. Diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, psychological patterns and smoking are assumed to interact in a complex way with individual heritable predisposition, thus determining the ...
Basic-Jukic N N Department of Nephrology, Arterial Hypertension, Dialysis and Transplantation, University Hospital Centre Zagreb, School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia; School of Medicine, University of Osijek, Zagreb, Croatia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Chest pain is the main presenting symptom in patients with acute myocardial infarction. However, many patients present with atypical symptoms, which may delay proper diagnosis and treatment. We present the first documented case of pain in the left ear as an atypical presentation of acute myocardial infarction 5 days after ...
Durmaz Tahir T Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, - - 2014
Interestingly, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), which is used to monitor prostate disorders, has been suggested to be beneficial in estimating prognosis associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship of serum levels of PSA and free PSA (fPSA) with prognosis of acute ...
Aksoy S S Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Centre, Training and Research Hospital, Department of Cardiology, Istanbul, - - 2014
A 104-year-old male patient was admitted to the emergency department with chest pain. An electrocardiogram showed ST-segment elevation in the anterior leads. He was immediately taken to the catheterisation laboratory for emergency angiography, which showed thrombotic stenosis at the proximal portion of the left anterior descending (LAD) artery. After intervention ...
Junpaparp Parichart P Department of Medicine, Albert Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of acute myocardial infarction, which should always be included in differential diagnoses of acute coronary syndrome among young patients without known atherosclerotic risk. Although, it is commonly observed in young women during postpartum period, there were cases reported in connective tissue ...
Bitar Zouheir Ibrahim ZI Department of Internal Medicine, KOC Hospital, Fahahil, - - 2014
Acute myocarditis may mimic myocardial infarction because the affected patients report 'classical' chest pain; the ECG changes and echocardiography are identical to those observed in acute coronary syndromes, and serum markers are increased. We describe a case with ST segment elevation on admission ECG, and coronary angiography was normal. Cardiac ...
Yurtdaş Mustafa M 0000-0002-0516-9206 Department of Cardiology, Van Region Training and Research Hospital, 65100 Van, - - 2014
Tirofiban, a specific glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor, may cause extensive thrombocytopenia with an incidence of 0.2% to 0.5%. We report the case of a 50-year-old man who developed thrombocytopenia after tirofiban use (both intracoronary and peripheral) over hours and the successful management of this complication after primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ...
Puttegowda Beeresh B Department of Cardiology, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences & Research, Karnataka, Bangalore, - - 2014
The occurrence of acute myocardial infarction following a honeybee sting has been very rarely reported in the previous literature. Possible pathogenetic mechanisms include severe hypotension, rarely hypertension and coronary vasospasm with subsequent thrombosis of coronary vessels developed after the release of vasoactive, inflammatory and thrombogenic substances contained in the bee ...
Ji Qingwei Q Department of Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China ; Department of Cardiology, The People's Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Nanning, - - 2014
Objective. More recently, evidence showed that the novel anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin- (IL-) 37 was expressed in the foam-like cells of atherosclerotic coronary and carotid artery plaques, suggesting that IL-37 is involved in atherosclerosis-related diseases. However, the plasma levels of IL-37 in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS, including unstable angina ...
Dinicolantonio James J JJ Mid America Heart Institute at Saint Luke's Hospital, Kansas City, - - 2014
Although the therapeutic strategies available for treating acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have evolved dramatically in recent decades, coronary artery disease remains the leading cause of death in our society, and the rates of recurrent myocardial infarction and mortality are still unacceptably high. Therefore, exploration of alternative therapeutic strategies for AMI ...
Fu Kai-Li KL Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Function Research, Chinese Ministry of Education and Chinese Ministry of Public Health, and Department of Cardiology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Ji'nan, People's Republic of - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of type 2 diabetes mellitus on hospitalization costs in older patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI). Retrospective analysis of data from the case retrieval system of Qilu Hospital of Shandong University located in Jinan city of Shandong Province was done ...
Dominguez-Rodriguez Alberto A 0000-0002-6384-6893 Department of Cardiology, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, Ofra s/n La Cuesta, 38320 Tenerife, Spain ; Instituto Universitario de Tecnología Biomédicas, Ofra s/n La Cuesta, 38320 Tenerife, - - 2014
Among the numerous emerging biomarkers, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and growth-differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) have received widespread interest, with their potential role as predictors of cardiovascular risk. The concentrations of inflammatory biomarkers, however, are influenced, among others, by physiological variations, which are the natural, within-individual variation occurring over time. The aims ...
Meyer Alberto A Department of Gastroenterology (LIM-37), School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. - - 2014
Several mechanisms are involved in the development of the local and systemic response in acute pancreatitis. Cardiovascular system may be affected throughout the clinical course of acute pancreatitis. The aim was to evaluate local myocardial cytokine production, as well as, functional and histological myocardial alterations in severe acute pancreatitis. The ...
Fukuoka Takuya T Department of Neurology, Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, - - 2014
Objective Acute cholecystitis (AC) after acute cerebral infarction is rare and has not been fully investigated. Because patients with acute cerebral infarction often cannot complain of abdominal pain due to loss of consciousness, hemiparesis and aphasia, delays in diagnosis may increase the severity of the condition. It is clearly important ...
Caughey Robert W RW Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, - - 2014
Viral myocarditis is a common cause of transient electrocardiogram (EKG) abnormalities in children. The clinical presentation of acute myocarditis ranges from asymptomatic infection to fulminant heart failure and sudden death. Many children present with nonspecific symptoms such as dyspnea or vomiting, frequently leading to misdiagnosis. EKG abnormalities are a sensitive ...
An Guipeng G The Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Function Research, Chinese Ministry of Education and Chinese Ministry of Health, Shandong University Qilu Hospital, Jinan, Shandong, China; Department of cardiology, Shandong University Qilu Hospital, Jinan, Shandong, - - 2014
We investigated the association of serum magnesium (Mg) levels and major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Mg depletion plays a key role in the pathphysiologic features of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, thrombosis, arrhythmias and coronary artery disease. Whether the depletion is related to the long-term prognosis of ...
Mohammadian-Hafshejani Abdollah A Deputy of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan AND PhD Candidates, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Seasonal variation in admissions and mortality due to acute myocardial infarction has been observed in different countries. Since there are scarce reports about this variation in Iran, this study was carried out to determine the existence of seasonal rhythms in hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction, and in mortality due ...
Kaneyama Junji J Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Suita, Osaka, - - 2014
Vasospastic limb ischemia might have been underappreciated compared to vasospasm in other territories such as heart and brain. However, an increasing awareness of this vascular disorder can be translated to an improved patients' care. Herein, we report a case of vasospasm presenting acute and chronic limb ischemia in four extremities.
Cudnoch-Jedrzejewska A A Department of Experimental and Clinical Physiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Ulica Pawinskiego 3c, 02-106 Warsaw, - - 2014
Previous studies showed that chronically stressed and myocardially infarcted rats respond with exaggerated cardiovascular responses to acute stress. The present experiments were designed to elucidate whether this effect can be abolished by treatment with the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor captopril. Sprague Dawley rats were subjected either to sham surgery ...
Rains Martin G MG Gill Heart Institute, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, - - 2014
In the broadest context, biological markers, or biomarkers, are molecules that characterize a biological system or process. In the setting of cardiovascular disease, a number of biomarkers have become an integral part of diagnostic and risk stratification strategies. In this review, we will discuss classic and emerging biomarkers of cardiovascular ...
Sohrabi Bahram B Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Prognostic differences between anterior and inferior wall Myocardial Infarction (MI) has been extensively investigated, but there is limited information about similar comparison between inferior wall MI caused by right coronary artery (RCA) and left circumflex artery (LCX) occlusion. The aim of present study was to compare prognostic differences between LCX- ...
Bhat Tariq T Division of Cardiology, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, - - 2014
Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is a neoplastic proliferation of mature myeloid cells - in particular, megakaryocytes - leading to persistently elevated platelet count. Usual clinical presentation is related to an increase in the risk of hemorrhage and/or thrombosis. Management of ET consists of antiplatelet therapies - mainly aspirin and cytoreductive therapies. ...
Mohammed Ishaq I Department of Cardiology/Medicine, West Midlands Deanery, Birmingham, - - 2014
Asymptomatic spontaneous coronary artery spasm is rare and there are no case reports in literature presenting with acute ST elevation on routine ECG. We present the case of a 68-year-old Caucasian man who presented to a primary care physician for a routine ECG as part of hypertension follow-up. ECG revealed ...
Koneru Jayanth J Seton Hall Cardiology Fellowship Program, St. Joseph's Medical Center, Paterson, NJ 07503, - - 2014
Acute myocardial infarction during pregnancy or the postpartum period is rare. We report a case of a 39-year-old postpartum woman who developed non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction due to severe diffuse coronary vasospasm. To our knowledge, this is the first case of angiographically evidenced coronary vasospasm, in a postpartum woman, with resistance ...
Gallardo-Tur Alejandro A Unidad de Gestión Clínica Intercentros de Neurociencias de Málaga, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Málaga (IBIMA), Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Victoria/Universidad de Málaga, - - 2014
Background. Transient global amnesia (TGA) is a syndrome of sudden, unexplained isolated short-term memory loss. In the majority of TGA cases, no causes can be identified and neuroimaging, CSF studies and EEG are usually normal. We present a patient with TGA associated with a small acute infarct at the cingulate ...
Entin-Meer Michal M Laboratory of Cardiovascular Research, Department of Cardiology, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel-Aviv, Israel; Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
A novel family of transient receptor potential (TRP) channels, that may hold a role in calcium homeostasis, has recently been described. By employing a GeneChip array analysis we have demonstrated a clear and specific upregulation of the TRP vanilloid 2 (TRPV2) mRNA in the left ventricles (LV) 3-5 days post-acute ...
Maze Ronnen R Division of Cardiology, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2013
This review will provide an overview of recent advances in the management of acute decompensated heart failure, focusing on major publications from the past few years. There have been several publications investigating different strategies in the management of acute decompensated heart failure. Trials have investigated the role of ultrafiltration, diuretic ...
Yochai Birnbaum B The Section of Cardiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Texas Heart Institute, Saint Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston, - - 2013
In acute coronary syndromes, the electrocardiogram (ECG) provides important information about the presence, extent, and severity of myocardial ischemia. At times, the changes are typical and clear. In other instances, changes are subtle and might be recognized only when ECG recording is repeated after changes in the severity of symptoms. ...
Donoiu I I Department of Morphology, Faculty of Dentistry, UMF - - 2014
A 23-year-old male was admitted with chest pain. The electrocardiogram showed ST elevation in leads DI, aVL, V2-V6. Troponin T was 1.1ng/mL. Left ventricular systolic function was globally reduced (ejection fraction 45%). The patient was treated with thrombolytic. Twenty-four hours after admission pruriginous vesicles with a clear content and surrounded ...
Kahraman Fatih F aDepartment of Cardiology, Suleyman Demirel University bDepartment of Cardiology Service, Isparta State Hospital, Isparta, - - 2013
Acute stent thrombosis may result from many causes. Bee sting is a very rare cause of this situation. As bee venom activates some inflammatory and vascular events resulting in occlusion in vessels or diseases in electrical system of heart, it may cause myocardial infarction or atrial fibrillation. This problem may ...
Généreux Philippe P New York-Presbyterian Hospital and Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York; Cardiovascular Research Foundation, New York, New York; Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2013
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of calcified coronary lesions has been associated with increased rates of adverse ischemic events. However, the potential association between the presence and severity of calcific deposits and bleeding complications has yet to be investigated. Data from 6,855 patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS) or ...
Park Soon Chang SC Division of Cardiology, Eulji University Hospital, Eulji University School of Medicine, Daejeon, - - 2013
Investigations of a strain index for the viability of ischemic myocardium with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have been challenging. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate patients with AMI to determine an optimal strain index for predicting the viability of ischemic myocardium. A total of 57 patients with ...
Salehi Rezvanie R Dapartment of Cardiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2013
Evaluating left atrium volume is a good way to estimate prognosis in acute myocardial infarction patients because it indicates to time and severity of diastolic dysfunction and longer-term results of acute myocardial infarction. The present study aims at evaluating the effect of left atrium volume on patients' prognosis following acute ...
Ritschel Vibeke N VN Center for Clinical Heart Research, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Kirkeveien 166, N-0450 Oslo, Norway ; Department of Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Kirkeveien 166, N-0450 Oslo, Norway ; Center of Heart Failure Research, University of Oslo, Ullevål, Kirkeveien 166, N-0450 Oslo, Norway ; Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Ullevål, Kirkeveien 166, N-0450 Oslo, - - 2014
Cytokines of the IL-6 family have been related to infarct size and prognosis in patients with myocardial infarction. The aims of the present study were to elucidate possible associations between myocardial necrosis and left ventricular impairment and members of the IL-6 transsignalling system including soluble (s) IL-6R and (s) glycoprotein ...
Solhpour Amirreza - - 2013
ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is related to acute occlusion of a coronary artery by a fibrin-rich thrombus. Early reperfusion in STEMI reduces infarct size and improves prognosis. Acute reperfusion may be achieved with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and/or fibrinolytic agents. When performed in a timely manner, primary PCI is the ...
Lindner Gregor - - 2013
To systematically investigate putative causes of non-coronary high-sensitive troponin elevations in patients presenting to a tertiary care emergency department. In this cross-sectional analysis, patients who received serial measurements of high-sensitive troponin T between 1 August 2010 and 31 October 2012 at the Department of Emergency Medicine were included. The following ...
Yalçın Fatih F Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD-USA. - - 2013
Acute stress cardiomyopathy is the unique disease which represents exaggerated and dysfunctional regions of the same cardiac tissue at the same episode. The impressive clinical course which involves the specific region is the stress-mediated exaggerated function of LV base under acutely developed stress induction. After abolishment of stress induction, dysfunctional ...
Azzarone Matteo M Division of Cardiology, IRCCS Arcispedale S. Maria Nuova, Reggio Emilia, - - 2013
Recurrent ST-segment elevations in acute coronary syndromes have been attributed to coronary cyclic flow variations (CCFVs) possibly due to coronary vasospasm and unstable platelet aggregation in partially occluded arteries. We describe the case of a patient with an acute myocardial infarction, recurrent ST-segment elevations and diffuse disease of the left ...
Chon Hyangah - - 2013
We report a SERS-based competitive immunoassay technique for the early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Simultaneous quantification of the dual cardiac markers, CK-MB and troponin I, was achieved by single wavelength excitation.
Uvelin Arsen - - 2013
We report a case of a patient with acute pancreatitis who developed serious heart rhythm abnormalities on three occasions, two of which were associated with administration of the first generation antihistamine chloropyramine, and the third one with hypomagnesemia and hypokalemia. Dysrhythmic events consisted of bigeminy, multifocal ventricular extrasystoles and torsades ...
Mirzaii-Dizgah Iraj I Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Background & objectives: Accurate and rapid diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (MI) is of major clinical significance. The troponin is the biomarker of choice for detection of cardiac injury. The objective of this study was to identify salivary levels of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in patients with acute MI. Methods: ...
Mishra Deepak Kumar - - 2013
Takatsubo cardiomyopathy is new emerging disease characterised by transient left ventricular systolic dysfunction followed by complete recovery of the same gradually over the course of few months. It represents 1-2% of all patients who present with acute ST elevation based on ECG finding and has a mortality of 1% and ...
Said Sarmad - - 2013
Over the last decade several pharmacological approaches for acute heart failure have been introduced, however, no drastic change in the medical management apart from device-dependent therapy was observed. Essentially vasodilators and diuretics as primary therapy in acute heart failure was discussed and encouraged in the guidelines but no breakthrough in ...
Rossello Xavier X Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital de la Santa Creu I Sant Pau, IIb-Sant Pau, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, - - 2014
Transmural myocardial ischemia induces changes in QRS complex and QT interval duration but, theoretically, these changes might not occur in acute pericarditis provided that the injury is not transmural. This study aims to assess whether QRS and QT duration permit distinguishing acute pericarditis and acute transmural myocardial ischemia. Clinical records ...
Petrie Colin J - - 2013
Troponin testing in acute medicine is routine. The introduction of a high sensitivity assay (hs Tn T) has created uncertainty regarding the clinical significance of "abnormal" troponin T levels. The previous assay could not detect troponin levels <30 ng/L.Aims and METHODS: To characterize those with a hs Tn T ≥14 ...
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