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Junpaparp Parichart P Department of Medicine, Albert Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of acute myocardial infarction, which should always be included in differential diagnoses of acute coronary syndrome among young patients without known atherosclerotic risk. Although, it is commonly observed in young women during postpartum period, there were cases reported in connective tissue ...
Bitar Zouheir Ibrahim ZI Department of Internal Medicine, KOC Hospital, Fahahil, - - 2014
Acute myocarditis may mimic myocardial infarction because the affected patients report 'classical' chest pain; the ECG changes and echocardiography are identical to those observed in acute coronary syndromes, and serum markers are increased. We describe a case with ST segment elevation on admission ECG, and coronary angiography was normal. Cardiac ...
Yurtdaş Mustafa M 0000-0002-0516-9206 Department of Cardiology, Van Region Training and Research Hospital, 65100 Van, - - 2014
Tirofiban, a specific glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor, may cause extensive thrombocytopenia with an incidence of 0.2% to 0.5%. We report the case of a 50-year-old man who developed thrombocytopenia after tirofiban use (both intracoronary and peripheral) over hours and the successful management of this complication after primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ...
Puttegowda Beeresh B Department of Cardiology, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences & Research, Karnataka, Bangalore, - - 2014
The occurrence of acute myocardial infarction following a honeybee sting has been very rarely reported in the previous literature. Possible pathogenetic mechanisms include severe hypotension, rarely hypertension and coronary vasospasm with subsequent thrombosis of coronary vessels developed after the release of vasoactive, inflammatory and thrombogenic substances contained in the bee ...
Ji Qingwei Q Department of Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China ; Department of Cardiology, The People's Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Nanning, - - 2014
Objective. More recently, evidence showed that the novel anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin- (IL-) 37 was expressed in the foam-like cells of atherosclerotic coronary and carotid artery plaques, suggesting that IL-37 is involved in atherosclerosis-related diseases. However, the plasma levels of IL-37 in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS, including unstable angina ...
Dinicolantonio James J JJ Mid America Heart Institute at Saint Luke's Hospital, Kansas City, - - 2014
Although the therapeutic strategies available for treating acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have evolved dramatically in recent decades, coronary artery disease remains the leading cause of death in our society, and the rates of recurrent myocardial infarction and mortality are still unacceptably high. Therefore, exploration of alternative therapeutic strategies for AMI ...
Fu Kai-Li KL Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Function Research, Chinese Ministry of Education and Chinese Ministry of Public Health, and Department of Cardiology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Ji'nan, People's Republic of - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of type 2 diabetes mellitus on hospitalization costs in older patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI). Retrospective analysis of data from the case retrieval system of Qilu Hospital of Shandong University located in Jinan city of Shandong Province was done ...
Dominguez-Rodriguez Alberto A 0000-0002-6384-6893 Department of Cardiology, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, Ofra s/n La Cuesta, 38320 Tenerife, Spain ; Instituto Universitario de Tecnología Biomédicas, Ofra s/n La Cuesta, 38320 Tenerife, - - 2014
Among the numerous emerging biomarkers, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and growth-differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) have received widespread interest, with their potential role as predictors of cardiovascular risk. The concentrations of inflammatory biomarkers, however, are influenced, among others, by physiological variations, which are the natural, within-individual variation occurring over time. The aims ...
Meyer Alberto A Department of Gastroenterology (LIM-37), School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. - - 2014
Several mechanisms are involved in the development of the local and systemic response in acute pancreatitis. Cardiovascular system may be affected throughout the clinical course of acute pancreatitis. The aim was to evaluate local myocardial cytokine production, as well as, functional and histological myocardial alterations in severe acute pancreatitis. The ...
Fukuoka Takuya T Department of Neurology, Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, - - 2014
Objective Acute cholecystitis (AC) after acute cerebral infarction is rare and has not been fully investigated. Because patients with acute cerebral infarction often cannot complain of abdominal pain due to loss of consciousness, hemiparesis and aphasia, delays in diagnosis may increase the severity of the condition. It is clearly important ...
Caughey Robert W RW Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, - - 2014
Viral myocarditis is a common cause of transient electrocardiogram (EKG) abnormalities in children. The clinical presentation of acute myocarditis ranges from asymptomatic infection to fulminant heart failure and sudden death. Many children present with nonspecific symptoms such as dyspnea or vomiting, frequently leading to misdiagnosis. EKG abnormalities are a sensitive ...
An Guipeng G The Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Function Research, Chinese Ministry of Education and Chinese Ministry of Health, Shandong University Qilu Hospital, Jinan, Shandong, China; Department of cardiology, Shandong University Qilu Hospital, Jinan, Shandong, - - 2014
We investigated the association of serum magnesium (Mg) levels and major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Mg depletion plays a key role in the pathphysiologic features of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, thrombosis, arrhythmias and coronary artery disease. Whether the depletion is related to the long-term prognosis of ...
Mohammadian-Hafshejani Abdollah A Deputy of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan AND PhD Candidates, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Seasonal variation in admissions and mortality due to acute myocardial infarction has been observed in different countries. Since there are scarce reports about this variation in Iran, this study was carried out to determine the existence of seasonal rhythms in hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction, and in mortality due ...
Kaneyama Junji J Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Suita, Osaka, - - 2014
Vasospastic limb ischemia might have been underappreciated compared to vasospasm in other territories such as heart and brain. However, an increasing awareness of this vascular disorder can be translated to an improved patients' care. Herein, we report a case of vasospasm presenting acute and chronic limb ischemia in four extremities.
Cudnoch-Jedrzejewska A A Department of Experimental and Clinical Physiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Ulica Pawinskiego 3c, 02-106 Warsaw, - - 2014
Previous studies showed that chronically stressed and myocardially infarcted rats respond with exaggerated cardiovascular responses to acute stress. The present experiments were designed to elucidate whether this effect can be abolished by treatment with the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor captopril. Sprague Dawley rats were subjected either to sham surgery ...
Rains Martin G MG Gill Heart Institute, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, - - 2014
In the broadest context, biological markers, or biomarkers, are molecules that characterize a biological system or process. In the setting of cardiovascular disease, a number of biomarkers have become an integral part of diagnostic and risk stratification strategies. In this review, we will discuss classic and emerging biomarkers of cardiovascular ...
Sohrabi Bahram B Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Prognostic differences between anterior and inferior wall Myocardial Infarction (MI) has been extensively investigated, but there is limited information about similar comparison between inferior wall MI caused by right coronary artery (RCA) and left circumflex artery (LCX) occlusion. The aim of present study was to compare prognostic differences between LCX- ...
Maze Ronnen R Division of Cardiology, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2013
This review will provide an overview of recent advances in the management of acute decompensated heart failure, focusing on major publications from the past few years. There have been several publications investigating different strategies in the management of acute decompensated heart failure. Trials have investigated the role of ultrafiltration, diuretic ...
Yochai Birnbaum B The Section of Cardiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Texas Heart Institute, Saint Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston, - - 2013
In acute coronary syndromes, the electrocardiogram (ECG) provides important information about the presence, extent, and severity of myocardial ischemia. At times, the changes are typical and clear. In other instances, changes are subtle and might be recognized only when ECG recording is repeated after changes in the severity of symptoms. ...
Donoiu I I Department of Morphology, Faculty of Dentistry, UMF - - 2014
A 23-year-old male was admitted with chest pain. The electrocardiogram showed ST elevation in leads DI, aVL, V2-V6. Troponin T was 1.1ng/mL. Left ventricular systolic function was globally reduced (ejection fraction 45%). The patient was treated with thrombolytic. Twenty-four hours after admission pruriginous vesicles with a clear content and surrounded ...
Kahraman Fatih F aDepartment of Cardiology, Suleyman Demirel University bDepartment of Cardiology Service, Isparta State Hospital, Isparta, - - 2013
Acute stent thrombosis may result from many causes. Bee sting is a very rare cause of this situation. As bee venom activates some inflammatory and vascular events resulting in occlusion in vessels or diseases in electrical system of heart, it may cause myocardial infarction or atrial fibrillation. This problem may ...
Généreux Philippe P New York-Presbyterian Hospital and Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York; Cardiovascular Research Foundation, New York, New York; Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2013
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of calcified coronary lesions has been associated with increased rates of adverse ischemic events. However, the potential association between the presence and severity of calcific deposits and bleeding complications has yet to be investigated. Data from 6,855 patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS) or ...
Park Soon Chang SC Division of Cardiology, Eulji University Hospital, Eulji University School of Medicine, Daejeon, - - 2013
Investigations of a strain index for the viability of ischemic myocardium with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have been challenging. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate patients with AMI to determine an optimal strain index for predicting the viability of ischemic myocardium. A total of 57 patients with ...
Salehi Rezvanie R Dapartment of Cardiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2013
Evaluating left atrium volume is a good way to estimate prognosis in acute myocardial infarction patients because it indicates to time and severity of diastolic dysfunction and longer-term results of acute myocardial infarction. The present study aims at evaluating the effect of left atrium volume on patients' prognosis following acute ...
Ritschel Vibeke N VN Center for Clinical Heart Research, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Kirkeveien 166, N-0450 Oslo, Norway ; Department of Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Kirkeveien 166, N-0450 Oslo, Norway ; Center of Heart Failure Research, University of Oslo, Ullevål, Kirkeveien 166, N-0450 Oslo, Norway ; Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Ullevål, Kirkeveien 166, N-0450 Oslo, - - 2014
Cytokines of the IL-6 family have been related to infarct size and prognosis in patients with myocardial infarction. The aims of the present study were to elucidate possible associations between myocardial necrosis and left ventricular impairment and members of the IL-6 transsignalling system including soluble (s) IL-6R and (s) glycoprotein ...
Solhpour Amirreza - - 2013
ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is related to acute occlusion of a coronary artery by a fibrin-rich thrombus. Early reperfusion in STEMI reduces infarct size and improves prognosis. Acute reperfusion may be achieved with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and/or fibrinolytic agents. When performed in a timely manner, primary PCI is the ...
Lindner Gregor - - 2013
To systematically investigate putative causes of non-coronary high-sensitive troponin elevations in patients presenting to a tertiary care emergency department. In this cross-sectional analysis, patients who received serial measurements of high-sensitive troponin T between 1 August 2010 and 31 October 2012 at the Department of Emergency Medicine were included. The following ...
Yalçın Fatih F Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD-USA. - - 2013
Acute stress cardiomyopathy is the unique disease which represents exaggerated and dysfunctional regions of the same cardiac tissue at the same episode. The impressive clinical course which involves the specific region is the stress-mediated exaggerated function of LV base under acutely developed stress induction. After abolishment of stress induction, dysfunctional ...
Azzarone Matteo M Division of Cardiology, IRCCS Arcispedale S. Maria Nuova, Reggio Emilia, - - 2013
Recurrent ST-segment elevations in acute coronary syndromes have been attributed to coronary cyclic flow variations (CCFVs) possibly due to coronary vasospasm and unstable platelet aggregation in partially occluded arteries. We describe the case of a patient with an acute myocardial infarction, recurrent ST-segment elevations and diffuse disease of the left ...
Chon Hyangah - - 2013
We report a SERS-based competitive immunoassay technique for the early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Simultaneous quantification of the dual cardiac markers, CK-MB and troponin I, was achieved by single wavelength excitation.
Uvelin Arsen - - 2013
We report a case of a patient with acute pancreatitis who developed serious heart rhythm abnormalities on three occasions, two of which were associated with administration of the first generation antihistamine chloropyramine, and the third one with hypomagnesemia and hypokalemia. Dysrhythmic events consisted of bigeminy, multifocal ventricular extrasystoles and torsades ...
Mirzaii-Dizgah Iraj I Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Background & objectives: Accurate and rapid diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (MI) is of major clinical significance. The troponin is the biomarker of choice for detection of cardiac injury. The objective of this study was to identify salivary levels of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in patients with acute MI. Methods: ...
Mishra Deepak Kumar - - 2013
Takatsubo cardiomyopathy is new emerging disease characterised by transient left ventricular systolic dysfunction followed by complete recovery of the same gradually over the course of few months. It represents 1-2% of all patients who present with acute ST elevation based on ECG finding and has a mortality of 1% and ...
Said Sarmad - - 2013
Over the last decade several pharmacological approaches for acute heart failure have been introduced, however, no drastic change in the medical management apart from device-dependent therapy was observed. Essentially vasodilators and diuretics as primary therapy in acute heart failure was discussed and encouraged in the guidelines but no breakthrough in ...
Rossello Xavier X Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital de la Santa Creu I Sant Pau, IIb-Sant Pau, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, - - 2014
Transmural myocardial ischemia induces changes in QRS complex and QT interval duration but, theoretically, these changes might not occur in acute pericarditis provided that the injury is not transmural. This study aims to assess whether QRS and QT duration permit distinguishing acute pericarditis and acute transmural myocardial ischemia. Clinical records ...
Petrie Colin J - - 2013
Troponin testing in acute medicine is routine. The introduction of a high sensitivity assay (hs Tn T) has created uncertainty regarding the clinical significance of "abnormal" troponin T levels. The previous assay could not detect troponin levels <30 ng/L.Aims and METHODS: To characterize those with a hs Tn T ≥14 ...
Jakl Martin - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To assess the relation between initial ECG findings, presence of risk factors, coronary angiography findings and clinical outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock. Design: Data from a total of 5572 acute myocardial infarction patients admitted to the 4 tertiary hospitals during a period ...
Hadamitzky Martin - - 2013
Infarct size is an important predictor of cardiac risk after acute myocardial infarction. The established modality for its assessment is Tc99m-Sestamibi Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). In recent years, data are emerging demonstrating that scar size as assessed by late gadolinium enhancement in cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) as well ...
Mano Yoshinori - - 2013
Non-electrocardiogram-gated contrast-enhanced computed tomography (non-ECG-gated CT) is available in most hospitals where patients with chest and/or back pain are admitted to the emergency department. Although it has been established as the initial diagnostic imaging modality for acute aortic dissection (AAD) and pulmonary thromboembolism (PE), its diagnostic ability for acute coronary ...
Moltrasio Marco - - 2013
To investigate whether admission B-type natriuretic peptide levels predict the development of acute kidney injury in acute coronary syndromes. Prospective study. Single-center study, 13-bed intensive cardiac care unit at a University Cardiological Center. Six-hundred thirty-nine acute coronary syndromes patients undergoing emergency and urgent percutaneous coronary intervention. None. We measured B-type ...
Parthibane V V Ph.D. Student, Department of Biochemistry, JIPMER , Puducherry, India - - 2013
Glycation is known to play a key role in complications of many pathophysiological processes. The present study was carried out to assess whether there are abnormalities of non-enzymatic glycation of proteins and hemoglobin in acute Myocardial Infarction (MI) patients. Eighteen acute Myocardial Infarction (MI) patients and 20 healthy controls were ...
Alexandrescu Roxana - - 2013
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) type is an important distinction to be made in both clinical and health care research context, as it determines the treatment of the patient as well as affecting outcomes. The aim of the paper was to determine the feasibility of distinguishing AMI type, either ST elevation ...
Artom Nathan - - 2013
It is well known that inappropriate or exaggerated activity of the renin-angiotensin system might contribute to the development of systemic hypertension with consequent organ injury and associated increased risk of acute cardiovascular (CV) diseases. This review will discuss evidence form basic research and clinical studies, investigating the efficacy of angiotensin ...
Shemesh Joseph - - 2013
Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is closely related to coronary atherosclerosis. However, less is known about the clinical significance of extensive CAC (ECAC) in regard to types of first coronary events (acute vs. chronic). Diabetes mellitus (DM) represents a strong risk factor for CAD although its association with CAC is controversial. ...
Liu Jingyao - - 2013
Inflammation is widely considered to be involved in the pathogenesis of cerebral ischemic injury. The balance between inflammatory and anti-inflammatory factors significantly affects the prognosis of patients with cerebral infarction. Interleukin-33 (IL-33), a newly identified member of the interkeukin-1 superfamily, has been found to play very important roles in the ...
Krishnamoorthy Arun - - 2013
Primary adrenal insufficiency or Addison's disease is a rare disorder often difficult to diagnose on presentation by the nature of its associated nonspecific symptoms, such as nausea or weakness. Cardiovascular complications of the condition are usually limited to hypovolemic hypotension; however, we highlight here a rare, dramatic case of a ...
Sui Xizhong - - 2013
Huperzine A (HupA), an alkaloid used in traditional Chinese medicine and isolated from Huperzia serrata, has been shown to possess diverse biological activities. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the cardioprotective potential of HupA in myocardial ischemic damage using a rat model of acute myocardial infarction. HupA significantly diminished ...
Kim Hack-Lyoung HL Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2013
Although atrial fibrillation is the most frequent cause of embolic stroke, coronary embolism from atrial fibrillation is a very rare cause of acute myocardial infarction. Therefore, simultaneously presented acute ischemic stroke and acute myocardial infarction due to atrial fibrillation in the same patient has not been documented. The present report ...
Ivanov Igor I Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases of Vojvodina, Sremska Kamenica, Serbia. - - 2013
Acute myocardial infarction is characterized by typical chest pain, electrocardiographic changes in terms of lesion and/or myocardial ischemia and increased cardiac enzymes. It is often difficult to make diagnosis in the presence of non-specific chest pain, the short duration of symptoms and electrocardiographic signs of a complete left bundle branch ...
McMullin Christine M - - 2013
Recreational drug use is a recognized cause of a number of acute vascular events. Cocaine is associated with a number of cardiovascular diseases, including myocardial ischemia, arrhythmias, and aortic dissection. Cutting agents are commonly used to dilute the amount of cocaine required to enhance the profits of the seller. Such ...
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