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Li Ning - - 2009
Myocardial infarction (MI) leading to myocardial cell loss represents one of the common causes leading to cardiac failure. We have previously demonstrated the beneficial effects of several potent soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitors in cardiac hypertrophy. sEH catalizes the conversion of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) to form the corresponding dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids ...
Sawabe M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether hyper-lipoproteinaemia(a) (Lp(a)) promotes coronary atherosclerosis, acute thrombosis resulting in myocardial infarction (MI), or both. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: A community-based general geriatric hospital. PATIENTS: 1062 consecutive autopsy cases (609 men, 453 women). The mean age at the time of death was 80 years. MAIN OUTCOME ...
Dvir Tal - - 2009
The recent progress made in the bioengineering of cardiac patches offers a new therapeutic modality for regenerating the myocardium after myocardial infarction (MI). We present here a strategy for the engineering of a cardiac patch with mature vasculature by heterotopic transplantation onto the omentum. The patch was constructed by seeding ...
Yang Dachun - - 2009
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and the tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs) have been recognized to play a pivotal role in matrix remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI). The aims of the present study were to examine the expression profile of MMPs/TIMP-1 after MI and to determine whether angiotensin II receptor (ATR) blockade ...
Li Longhu - - 2009
The small leucine-rich proteoglycan decorin is a natural inhibitor of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and exerts antifibrotic effects in heart and to stimulate skeletal muscle regeneration. We investigated decorin's chronic effects on postinfarction cardiac remodeling and dysfunction. Myocardial infarction (MI) was induced in mice by left coronary artery ligation. An ...
Sun Yao - - 2010
The circulating renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is a classic endocrine system that regulates cardiovascular homeostasis during physiologic and pathologic states. Accumulated evidence has shown the presence of components of RAS in various tissues, which are upregulated in certain pathological conditions. Locally produced angiotensin (Ang)II may play an important role in tissue ...
Wannamethee S G SG Department of Primary Care and Population Health, UCL Medical School, Royal Free Campus, London NW3 2PF, UK. - - 2009
The extent to which hemostatic and inflammatory biomarkers are related to angina pectoris as compared with myocardial infarction (MI) remains uncertain. We examined the relationship between a wide range of inflammatory and hemostatic biomarkers, including markers of activated coagulation, fibrinolysis and endothelial dysfunction and viscosity, with incident myocardial infarction (MI) ...
Patel K D - - 2009
Inflammation is an important element in the development and destabilization of atherosclerotic plaque. Using a high sensitivity multiplex assay, previously untested in the context of atherosclerotic disease, we determined serum concentrations of GM-CSF, IFNgamma, IL-1beta, IL-2, IL-10, IL-12p70, TNF alpha, IL-6, and IL-8 in 48 Myocardial Infarction (MI) patients, 14 ...
Lele Suhas - - 2009
AIMS: Catalytic iron is associated with high oxidative stress during vascular injury. We measured catalytic iron in patients with suspected acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and healthy volunteers to evaluate its utility in early detection of patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and predicting major adverse cardiac events (MACE). METHODS AND ...
Vanden Eynden F - - 2009
AIM: Perioperative myocardial infarction (PMI) is associated with long-term morbidity and mortality. CKMB cut-off level and importance of Q-wave MI have not been specifically studied after off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery. The aim of this paper was to study the impact of PMI (CKMB >/= 20 times the upper ...
Siminelakis Stavros - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Experimental data suggest that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) such as MMP-3 have a central role in the remodeling period after a myocardial infarction (MI). The aim of this study was to use an experimental small-animal model to investigate the fluctuation in MMP-3 levels occurring in vivo after an acute MI. ...
Spinale Francis G - - 2009
Milestones in the progression to heart failure following myocardial infarction (MI) are changes in left ventricular (LV) geometry and function, termed post-MI remodeling. Critical to this adverse remodeling process are changes in the expression, synthesis, and degradation of myocardial extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. The myocardial ECM is not a passive ...
Elkind Mitchell S V - - 2009
High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) are hypothesized to be biomarkers of systemic inflammation and risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke. Little is known, however, about the stability of these markers over time, and in particular, about the effects of acute vascular events on these marker ...
Prasad Abhiram - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relative impact of spontaneously occurring and periprocedural myocardial infarction (MI) on survival after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of periprocedural MI after PCI remains uncertain. METHODS: Outcomes during a 1-year follow-up were evaluated among 7,773 patients enrolled ...
Miszalski-Jamka Tomasz - - 2009
BACKGROUND: If compared to two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE), myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) improves detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) during pharmacological stress, but data on MCE vs. 2DE during supine bicycle stress is limited. Although previous myocardial infarction (MI) influences sensitivity of 2DE, its effect on MCE has not been evaluated. ...
Chen Xianghui - - 2009
To test the feasibility and accuracy of myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) for predicting infarct size (IS) in a rat model of myocardial infarction (MI) and to compare a simplified single plane-based measurement of IS with the conventional three plane-based approach. Fifty male SD rats underwent left anterior descending artery ligation ...
Wu Changgong - - 2009
Cytochrome c oxidase (COX) is composed of 13 subunits, of which COX I, II, and III are encoded by a mitochondrial gene. COX I and II function as the main catalytic components, but the function of COX III is unclear. Because myocardial ischemia affects mitochondrial oxidative metabolism, we hypothesized that ...
Mou Yun - - 2009
In vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated that inhibition of phospholamban (PLB) expression in myocardium can restore left ventricular systolic function in failing heart. Ultrasound mediated microbubble destruction provides a new option for noninvasive gene transfer in heart. In this study, we transferred pAAV-antisense phospholamban (pAAV-asPLB) to the hearts ...
Huang Bing S - - 2009
In rats, both central and systemic ANG II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor blockade attenuate sympathetic hyperactivity, but central blockade more effectively attenuates left ventricular (LV) dysfunction post-myocardial infarction (MI). In protocol I, we examined whether functional effects on cardiac load may play a role and different cardiac effects disappear after ...
Lee Jang Hoon - - 2009
Little is known about risk factors for 6-month major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) in 30-day survivors after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We investigated predictors of 6-month MACE in 30-day survivors after MI from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry (KAMIR). From November 2005 to January 2008, 9,706 patients (6,983 men, ...
Giallauria Francesco - - 2010
High mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) protein, a critical mediator of inflammatory processes, is a novel predictor of adverse post-infarction clinical outcomes, being involved in the healing process after MI. Heart rate recovery (HRR), a marker of autonomic function defined as the fall in heart rate during the first minute after ...
Li Yi-Gang - - 2009
The arrhythmogenic effect of intracardiac skeletal myoblast (SKM) transplantation may be related to the differentiation state of SKMs. We tested the hypothesis that lentivirus mediated siRNA against the loop region of miRNA-181a could upregulate the SKMs differentiation repressor homeobox protein A11 (Hox-A11) and reduce the arrhythmias post SKM transplantation into ...
Welsh Paul - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There are a lack of data on the associations of circulating levels of TNFalpha and IL-18 with myocardial infarction (MI), and on the extent of confounding by classical and inflammatory risk markers. METHODS: We measured TNFalpha and IL-18 in plasma from 446 MI cases and 477 age- and sex-matched ...
dos Santos Leonardo - - 2010
Since the cell therapy benefits for myocardial infarction are mainly related to infarct reduction by regenerating lost myocardium or increasing survival of tissues at risk, we evaluated the effects of bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells (MNC), implanted after the completion of necrosis, on infarct progression and cardiac remodeling. After 48 h ...
Andrade Joalbo M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to use the myocardial delayed enhancement technique of cardiac MRI to investigate the frequency of unrecognized myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with end-stage renal disease, to compare the findings with those of ECG and SPECT, and to examine factors that may influence the ...
Hess Gregory - - 2009
American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines recommend angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) therapy following acute myocardial infarction (MI) or development of heart failure (HF). This study estimated the effects of initiating these therapies after hospitalization for MI or HF on subsequent 1-year rehospitalization rates for ...
Karaahmet Tansu - - 2009
Pathologic calcium deposition may be observed in the valve leaflets, valvular annulus, pericardial scar areas in chronic constructive pericarditis, and myocardial tissue. A direct x-ray may reveal the area of calcification in any of these tissues. The most common cause of myocardial calcification is myocardial infarction (MI) in which calcium ...
Zhang Mei Luo - - 2009
Immune modulation by the Celacade system (Vasogen Inc, Canada) decreases mortality and hospitalization in human heart failure. To study the effects of Celacade in rats on acute cytokine expression after coronary artery ligation, cardiac dimensions following myocardial infarction (MI), and systolic and diastolic function of cardiac muscle in MI. Celacade ...
von Klot Stephanie S Department of Environmental Health, Boston, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2009
Particulate air pollution has been consistently related to cardiovascular mortality. Some evidence suggests that particulate matter may accelerate the atherosclerotic process. Effects of within-city variations of particulate air pollution on survival after an acute cardiovascular event have been little explored. We conducted a cohort study of hospital survivors of acute ...
Singh Mahipal - - 2010
Remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) associates with left ventricular (LV) dilation, decreased cardiac function and increased mortality. The dynamic synthesis and breakdown of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins play a significant role in myocardial remodeling post-MI. Expression of osteopontin (OPN) increases in the heart post-MI. Evidence has been provided that lack ...
Messerli-Burgy Nadine - - 2009
BACKGROUND: High sympathetic tone creates a significant risk for ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death, which can especially affect patients after a myocardial infarction (MI) when exercising in a hypoxic environment. METHODS AND RESULTS: The 16 patients after MI and 10 normal volunteers (NV) underwent a 1-day trip from low altitude ...
Watanabe Makoto - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In myocardial infarction (MI), it is well known that serum creatine kinase (s-CK) increases after onset, but it is unclear whether s-CK elevates before MI onset. The present analysis examined whether elevated s-CK levels predicted first-ever MI or stroke. METHODS: This study was a population-based cohort study in a ...
Wu Dongmei - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of genetic mPGES-1 loss and COX-2 inhibition on myocardial damage after coronary occlusion. mPGES-1(-/-) mice and their wild-type littermates were injected with vehicle or COX-2 inhibitor (celecoxib), and 30min later the left coronary artery was surgically occluded. At 24h, ...
Zamilpa Rogelio - - 2010
The concept that extracellular matrix (ECM) turnover occurs during cardiac remodeling is a well-accepted paradigm. To date, a multitude of studies document that remodeling is accompanied by increases in the synthesis and deposition of ECM components as well as increases in extracellular proteases, especially matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), which break down ...
van den Borne Susanne W M - - 2009
AIMS: Our objective was to study the effect of the genetic background on the wound healing process after myocardial infarction (MI) in mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: MI was induced in five different mouse strains (BalbC, C57Bl6, FVB, 129S6, and Swiss). At 3, 14, and 28 days after MI, cardiac dimensions ...
Wang Tao - - 2009
Erythropoietin (EPO) can protect myocardium from ischemic injury, but it also plays an important role in promoting polycythaemia, the potential for thrombo-embolic complications. Local sustained delivery of bioactive agents directly to impaired tissues using biomaterials is an approach to limit systemic toxicity and improve the efficacy of therapies. The present ...
Scott Robert C - - 2009
Recent attempts at rebuilding the myocardium using stem cells have yielded disappointing results. The lack of a supporting vasculature may, in part, explain these disappointing findings. However, concerns over possible side effects have hampered attempts at revascularizing the infarcted myocardium using systemic delivery of proangiogenic compounds. In this study, we ...
Kassiri Zamaneh - - 2009
Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is a monocarboxypeptidase that metabolizes Ang II into Ang 1-7, thereby functioning as a negative regulator of the renin-angiotensin system. We hypothesized that ACE2 deficiency may compromise the cardiac response to myocardial infarction (MI). In response to MI (induced by left anterior descending artery ligation), there ...
Wu Dongmei - - 2009
The goal of the present study was to assess how genetic loss of microsomal prostaglandin E(2) synthase-1 (mPGES-1) affects acute cardiac ischemic damage after coronary occlusion in mice. Wild type (WT), heterozygous (mPGES-1(+/-)), and homozygous (mPGES-1(-/-)) knockout mice were subjected to left coronary artery occlusion. At 24h, myocardial infarct (MI) ...
Goch Aleksander - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: The study aimed to compare the clinical picture and treatment differences in elderly patients (aged 75 years or older) and younger patients (aged below 75 years). METHODS: The study included 80 consecutive patients with myocardial infarction (MI) treated in the Cardiology Ward of the Specialist Hospital in ...
Wen Huazhi - - 2009
Connexin 43 (Cx43) is the most prominent connexin in the mammalian ventricular myocardium and forms gap junctions that are essential for normal conduction of action potential. Carvedilol, a nonselective beta-blocker, is widely used to prevent ventricular arrhythmias after myocardial infarction (MI). Here, we examined the effect of carvedilol on the ...
Li Ji Ke - - 2009
A disintegrin and metalloprotease-15 (ADAM-15) is a potential novel regulator of inflammatory response and tissue remodelling, which is thought to have the ability to attenuate the cardiac function resulting from myocardial infarction (MI). Therefore, the aim of our study was to investigate the expression of ADAM-15 in rat MI. Wistar ...
Gray Gillian A GA Centre for Cardiovascular Science, Queens Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, 47 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh EH16 4TJ, UK. - - 2010
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and N(G) monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) are endogenous inhibitors of nitric oxide synthases (NOS) and their local concentration is determined by the activity of dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolases (DDAHs). The current study in male Wistar rats was designed to immunolocalise DDAH I and II in relation to NOS and to investigate ...
Yan Andrew T - - 2010
There are limited recent data on the prevalence and potentially different adverse impact of the various types of recurrent ischemia (RI) in unselected patients with acute coronary syndromes(ACS). We examined the clinical features and treatment associated with, and the differential prognostic impact of, the various types of RI in unselected ...
Vanden Eynden F - - 2009
AIM: Perioperative myocardial infarction (PMI) is associated with long-term morbidity and mortality. CKMB cut-off level and importance of Q-wave MI have not been specifically studied after off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery. The aim of this paper was to study the impact of PMI (CKMB=/>20 times the upper normal limit ...
Råmunddal Truls - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The heart produces apolipoprotein-B containing lipoproteins (apoB) whose function is not well understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate importance of myocardial apoB for cardiac function, structure and survival in myocardial infarction (MI) and heart failure (HF). METHODS AND RESULTS: MI was induced in mice (n=137) and ...
Prajapat Laxman - - 2009
Poor R-wave progression (PRWP) is a common electrocardiographic phenomenon in which the anticipated increase in R-wave amplitude in successive precordial leads, V(1) to V(5), fails to occur. PRWP is prevalent in approximately 10% of hospitalized adult patients, predominantly in those with coronary artery disease. Debate is ongoing on its association ...
Morrow David A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Prasugrel is a novel thienopyridine that reduces new or recurrent myocardial infarctions (MIs) compared with clopidogrel in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. This effect must be balanced against an increased bleeding risk. We aimed to characterize the effect of prasugrel with respect to the type, ...
Hassink R J - - 2009
Transgenic mice expressing the dominant interfering p193 protein in cardiomyocytes (MHC-1152stop mice) exhibit an induction of cell cycle activity and altered remodelling after experimental myocardial infarction (MI). To determine whether the altered remodelling results in improved cardiac function in the MHC-1152stop mice after MI, as compared with non-transgenic mice. MHC-1152stop ...
Charytan David M - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In the general population, an early invasive strategy of routine coronary angiography is superior to a conservative strategy of selective angiography in patients who are admitted with unstable angina or non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (MI), but the effectiveness of this strategy in individuals with chronic kidney ...
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