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Yeih Dong-Feng - - 2011
Hexokinase (HK) is known to possess both anti-oxidant and anti-apoptotic properties. This study investigated the behavior of myocardial HK in response to myocardial infarction (MI). Adult male Wistar rats with various degrees of MI after coronary ligation were examined 4weeks after operation and were divided dichotomously into small and large ...
Siragusa Mauro - - 2010
Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)gamma is expressed in hematopoietic cells, endothelial cells (ECs), and cardiomyocytes and regulates different cellular functions relevant to inflammation, tissue remodeling and cicatrization. Recently, PI3Kgamma inhibitors have been indicated for the treatment of chronic inflammatory/autoimmune diseases and atherosclerosis. We aimed to determine PI3Kgamma contribution to the angiogenic capacity ...
Kandalam Vijay - - 2010
RATIONALE: Myocardial infarction (MI) results in remodeling of the myocardium and the extracellular matrix (ECM). Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) are critical regulators of ECM integrity via inhibiting matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). TIMP2 is highly expressed in the heart and is the only TIMP that, in addition to inhibiting MMPs, is ...
Mackiewicz Urszula - - 2010
The role of calcineurin (CN) pathway in the post-myocardial infarction (MI) heart remains unclear. We investigated effects of early and brief inhibition of CN pathway with cyclosporine A (CsA) after MI on both immediate and delayed changes in left ventricular (LV) morphology, haemodynamics, and cardiomyocyte performance. CsA/saline was administered for ...
Okuyan Ertu─črul - - 2010
Left ventricular thrombus(LVT] formation is a frequent complication in patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction(MI). LVT is associated with increased risk of embolism and higher mortality rates after acute MI. Anticardiolipin antibodies (ACA) are immunoglobulins that react with phospholipid-binding proteins interfering with the prothrombin activator complex. The effects of phospholipids ...
Dikow Ralf - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Renal failure is a well-established cardiovascular risk factor. We hypothesized that uremia negatively affects post-myocardial infarction (MI) remodeling and left ventricular (LV) function and examined the pathohistological correlations. METHODS: Subtotally nephrectomized rats (SNX) and controls with MI only (MIC) were examined 1, 4 and 8 weeks after MI. MI ...
Yuan Yuan - - 2010
OBJECTIVe: It was the aim of this study to investigate the impact of pulsed magnetic field (PMF) on ischemic myocardium, though it has been reported that PMF treatment is a safe and effective method to facilitate bone and cutaneous wound healing. In this report, we describe a study in which ...
Bilgir Oktay - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To analyze Fetuin-A levels and soluble cellular adhesion molecules in patients with acute coronary syndrome. METHODS AND RESULTS: Serum Fetuin-A and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), vascular cellular adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) levels were examined in 127 patients who presented with chest pain. These patients were classified in three groups: stable ...
Magdalan Jan - - 2010
Acute methanol poisoning may cause heart dysfunction accompanied by various electrocardiographic abnormalities. In such cases heart damage is usually secondary to metabolic acidosis and reversible. In this paper the case of fatal methanol poisoning complicated with acute coronary syndrome in a 52-year-old alcohol abuser is presented. The main cause of ...
Nijjer Sukhjinder - - 2010
Calcium has diverse roles in neuromuscular mechanisms. Within the cardiovascular system, hypocalcaemia is known to both impair myocardial contractility and prolong the QT interval, predisposing to ventricular arrhythmias. We present a case of chronic hypocalcaemia with prolonged QT interval associated with an atrial arrhythmia. Recent studies of congenital long QT ...
Nakazone Marcelo A - - 2010
Previous cases of coronary embolism as a cause of myocardial infarction (MI) in association with prosthetic mechanical valves have been reported, but the fact that the patient was not aware of the importance of maintaining anticoagulation therapy is relevant in this case. A 16-year-old female was referred for primary coronary ...
Atao?lu H E - - 2010
Procalcitonin (PCT) is implicated as an inflammatory marker in early atherosclerosis. In order to investigate the clinical consequences of increased PCT levels in acute coronary syndrome (ACS), 77 patients (29 with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction [MI], 34 with ST-elevation MI and 14 with unstable angina pectoris) were included and followed up ...
Authier Simon - - 2010
The effects of oxytocin (OT) on cardiovascular endpoints were assessed in a myocardial infarct (MI) model. OT (10 ng.kg(-1).hour(-1)) or saline infusion was initiated at reperfusion (D0) or 8 days (D8) after MI. Our hypothesis was that OT administration to individuals with a low pretreatment OT levels (PTOT) may be ...
Yang Yidong - - 2010
Micrometer-sized iron oxide particles (MPIO) are a more sensitive MRI contrast agent for tracking cell migration compared to ultrasmall iron oxide particles. This study investigated the temporal relationship between inflammation and tissue remodeling due to myocardial infarction (MI) using MPIO-enhanced MRI. C57Bl/6 mice received an intravenous MPIO injection for cell ...
Masci Pier Giorgio - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the association of myocardial salvage by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) with left ventricular (LV) remodeling and early ST-segment resolution in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND: Experimental studies revealed that MI size is strongly influenced by the extent of the ...
Huang Zheyong - - 2010
A reproducible and reliable myocardial infarction (MI) model with less inter-individual variation in ischemic size and ventricular function is essential in cardiovascular research. Little is known about whether the different ligation coordinates [whole length of left anterior descending artery (LAD) or diagonal branches] affect the inter-individual variation of ventricular function ...
N??ez Julio - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the relationship between the lowest lymphocyte count (lymphocyte(min))obtained within the first 96 h of symptoms onset and the risk of postdischarge recurrent spontaneous myocardial infarction (re-MI) in patients admitted with ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI). METHODS: We analyzed 549 consecutive patients admitted with STEMI from a ...
Hanna Elias B - - 2010
Electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) strongly predicts mortality in patients with myocardial infarction (MI). However, the validity of LVH voltage criteria in this context has not been assessed. Reviewing the coded database of echocardiographic studies performed at one institution, we performed a retrospective analysis of 49 patients who had anterior ...
Jørgensen Casper H - - 2010
The optimum oral pharmacological treatment of diabetes mellitus to reduce cardiovascular disease and mortality following myocardial infarction has not been established. We therefore set out to investigate the association between individual oral glucose-lowering drugs and cardiovascular outcomes following myocardial infarction in patients with diabetes mellitus not treated with emergent percutaneous ...
Azuaje Francisco - - 2010
A significant proportion of myocardial infarction (MI) patients undergo complex, coordinated perturbations at the molecular level that may eventually drive the occurrence of ventricular dysfunction and heart failure. Despite advances in the elucidation of key processes implicated in this condition, traditional methods relying on gene expression data and the identification ...
Nielsen Finn Erland - - 2010
There is conflicting evidence about the impact of social support on adverse outcome after acute myocardial infarction (MI). We examined the relation between single-living and long-term all-cause mortality after MI. A prospective cohort study of 242 employed patients with MI followed up to 16 years after MI. A total of ...
Busche Marc N - - 2010
Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. The complement system plays a major role in inflammation and tissue injury following myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (MI/R) injury. Systemic C5 inhibition in clinical studies has resulted in mixed results and the role of earlier complement components (e.g., C3a), upstream ...
Foraker Randi E - - 2010
Pharmacologic treatments are efficacious in reducing post-myocardial infarction (MI) morbidity and mortality. The potential influence of socioeconomic factors on the receipt of pharmacologic therapy has not been systematically examined, even though healthcare utilization likely influences morbidity and mortality post-MI. This study aims to investigate the association between socioeconomic factors and ...
Van Doornum Sharon - - 2010
The 30-day case-fatality rate after acute myocardial infarction (MI) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients is twice that of the general population. This study compared the frequency and timeliness of early reperfusion therapy and treatment with secondary prevention medications after acute MI in RA patients and controls. We performed a structured ...
Chapman Michael P - - 2010
The injection of a mechanical bulking agent into the left ventricular (LV) wall of the heart has shown promise as a therapy for maladaptive remodeling of the myocardium after myocardial infarct (MI). The HeartLander robotic crawler presented itself as an ideal vehicle for minimally-invasive, highly accurate epicardial injection of such ...
Machón Mónica M CIBER en Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Spain; Subdirección de Salud Pública de Guipúzcoa, Departamento de Sanidad, Gobierno Vasco, Guipúzcoa, - - 2010
To determine 28-day and 5-year survival rates in patients who have experienced a first acute myocardial infarction and to identify prognostic factors for survival. This study involved 1,677 patients with a first acute myocardial infarction who were treated at a hospital in Guipuzcoa, Spain between 1997 and 2000. Women were ...
Kim Han W - - 2009
In patients with known or suspected myocardial infarction (MI), cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) provides a comprehensive, multifaceted view of the heart. The data, including that from a recent multicenter clinical trial, indicate that delayed-enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (DE-CMR) is a well-validated, robust technique that can be easily implemented on ...
Iversen Per O - - 2010
In ischemic congestive heart failure (CHF), anemia is associated with poor prognosis. Whether anemia develops in nonischemic CHF is uncertain. The hematopoietic inhibitors TNF-alpha and nitric oxide (NO) are activated in ischemic CHF. We examined whether mice with ischemic or nonischemic CHF develop anemia and whether TNF-alpha and NO are ...
Kavsak Peter A - - 2010
Within the past decade, the use of biomarkers to detect myocardial injury in the emergency department (ED) has been given increasing prominence as evident by the numerous studies and guidelines documenting their use. This review details the scope of the clinical problem, the history of changes in the definition of ...
Bostjancic Emanuela - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are noncoding single-stranded RNA molecules that regulate gene expression in physiological functions, development and disease. In recent studies, three miRNAs have been described as muscle or cardiac specific: miR-1, miR-133, and miR-208, being involved in heart development and disease; but there are limited data on their role ...
Mouquet Frederic - - 2010
Trimetazidine (TMZ), a partial inhibitor of fatty acid oxidation, has been effective in treating chronic angina, but its effects on the development of post-myocardial infarction (MI) left ventricular remodeling are not defined. In this study, we tested whether chronic pre-MI administration of TMZ would be beneficial during and after acute ...
Buss Sebastian J - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The extent of adverse myocardial remodeling contributes essentially to the prognosis after myocardial infarction (MI). In this study we investigated whether inhibition of "mammalian target of rapamycin" (mTOR) attenuates left ventricular (LV) remodeling after MI. BACKGROUND: Therapeutic strategies to inhibit remodeling are currently limited to inhibition of neurohumoral activation. ...
Das Mithilesh K - - 2009
Electrocardiographic signs of a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) are nonspecific, and therefore the diagnosis of NSTEMI during acute coronary syndromes (ACS) depends mainly on cardiac biomarker levels. Fragmented QRS (fQRS) represents myocardial conduction abnormalities due to myocardial infarction (MI) scars in patients with coronary artery disease. However, the time ...
Sumida Arihiro - - 2010
AIM: We have previously reported that therapy with midkine (MK) has a protective effect in mouse models of myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemia/reperfusion. The underlying mechanism was proved to be anti-apoptosis and prevention of left ventricular (LV) remodelling following angiogenesis. Here we investigated the effects of overexpression of MK by ...
Isobe Kazuya - - 2010
Background: Although therapeutic angiogenesis is a most promising strategy for the treatment of myocardial infarction (MI), it remains unknown if and how endogenous angiogenesis inhibitors, such as endostatin, regulate angiogenesis in MI. In the present study the role of endostatin in left ventricular (LV) remodeling and heart failure was tested ...
Onoue Kenji - - 2009
Placental growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor increase angiogenesis and promote healing after acute myocardial infarction (MI), but the significance of soluble Fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1), an antagonist of placental growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor, in the setting of acute MI has not been elucidated. The development ...
Mookadam Farouk - - 2009
Cardiac remodeling remains an important primary therapeutic target in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) and chronic heart failure. It also has utility as a reliable surrogate for clinical outcomes. The past three decades of research have demonstrated the importance of cardiac remodeling as a basic mechanism in the progression of ...
Sheng Fu-qiang - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of simvastatin on TLR4,TNF-alpha and IL-6 expression in the myocardium and its relation to left ventricular (LV) remodelling in a rat model of myocardial infarction (MI) and to investigate the mechanism by which simvastatin improves LV remodelling in rats ...
Matura Lea Ann - - 2010
This study determines if there are differences in circadian effects of myocardial infarctions (MIs) and MI type, non-ST elevation MI (NSTEMI) and ST elevation MI (STEMI), between females and males. A two-group, nonexperimental chart review was conducted. A total of 273 randomly selected patients with an acute MI were included. ...
Goldberger Jeffrey J - - 2009
The risk of sudden death is highest early after myocardial infarction (MI) and progressively declines over the ensuing 6 to 12 months. Nevertheless, several randomized clinical trials have failed to show a survival benefit for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators when implanted early after MI in high-risk patients. The etiology of this acute ...
Chen Yue-Feng - - 2010
It has been shown that hypothyroidism may lead to delayed wound healing after experimental myocardial infarction (MI) in rats and increased infarct size in dogs. However, the long-term effect of hypothyroidism on left ventricular (LV) remodeling after MI has not been determined. Adult female Sprague-Dawley rats with and without surgical ...
Suvisaari Jaana - - 2010
We investigated the prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD) and myocardial infarction (MI) in persons with DSM-IV psychotic disorders. We also examined cardiac conduction abnormalities, and the role of antipsychotic medication in them. The study was based on a nationally representative survey of 8028 persons aged 30 years or over ...
Paisey John - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Mitral isthmus (MI) ablation for treatment of perimitral flutter is often performed during atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation but is technically challenging. Traditional assessment of MI conduction by left atrial activation mapping while pacing from either side of the line is time-consuming, and cannot be performed during ongoing ablation. Analysis ...
Chaitman Bernard R - - 2009
The Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes (BARI 2D) trial in 2368 patients with stable ischemic heart disease assigned before randomization to percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting strata reported similar 5-year all-cause mortality rates with insulin sensitization versus insulin provision therapy and with a strategy of prompt ...
Inoue Yuma - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine LV function at different distances from myocardial infarction (MI) by using 3-T tagged MRI and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). METHODS: Cardiac MR images were acquired from 21 patients with previous MI. The harmonic phase (HARP) method was used to calculate radial and circumferential strain (RS, CS). The ...
Chen Lei-Lei - - 2010
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and nitric oxide (NO) may play an important role in attenuating cardiac remodeling and apoptosis after myocardial infarction. However, the anti-inflammation effects of eNOS in infarcted myocardium and the role of MAPK signaling in eNOS/NO mediated cardiac remodeling have not yet been elucidated. Adenovirus carrying ...
Lorgis Luc - - 2010
Little is known about the role of neurotrophins (NT) under adult vascular homeostasis in normal and pathological conditions. The NT family, including nerve growth factor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are expressed in atherosclerotic vessels. Previous studies demonstrated that plasma BDNF levels were increased in the coronary circulation in patients ...
Huikuri Heikki V - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Autonomic dysfunction tends to improve over time after acute myocardial infarction (MI), but the clinical significance of autonomic remodeling is not well known. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the amount of recovery of autonomic function early after MI is associated with a ...
Koch Matthias - - 2010
Several cytokines are activated in chronic heart failure (CHF), including interleukin-2 (IL-2). IL-2 is important for the survival of regulatory T cells, as well as for the function of activated T cells. Its role in ischemic cardiomyopathy has not yet been investigated. We therefore studied left ventricular (LV) performance and ...
Rott David - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction (MI) may be classified as ST-elevation MI (STEMI) or non-ST-elevation MI (NSTEMI). There is little data regarding the relationship between the infarct related artery (IRA), clinical characteristics of the patients, and the ST deviation pattern (ie, STEMI or NSTEMI). HYPOTHESIS: There is a predilection of any coronary ...
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