Search Results
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Iversen Per O - - 2010
In ischemic congestive heart failure (CHF), anemia is associated with poor prognosis. Whether anemia develops in nonischemic CHF is uncertain. The hematopoietic inhibitors TNF-alpha and nitric oxide (NO) are activated in ischemic CHF. We examined whether mice with ischemic or nonischemic CHF develop anemia and whether TNF-alpha and NO are ...
Kavsak Peter A - - 2010
Within the past decade, the use of biomarkers to detect myocardial injury in the emergency department (ED) has been given increasing prominence as evident by the numerous studies and guidelines documenting their use. This review details the scope of the clinical problem, the history of changes in the definition of ...
Bostjancic Emanuela - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are noncoding single-stranded RNA molecules that regulate gene expression in physiological functions, development and disease. In recent studies, three miRNAs have been described as muscle or cardiac specific: miR-1, miR-133, and miR-208, being involved in heart development and disease; but there are limited data on their role ...
Mouquet Frederic - - 2010
Trimetazidine (TMZ), a partial inhibitor of fatty acid oxidation, has been effective in treating chronic angina, but its effects on the development of post-myocardial infarction (MI) left ventricular remodeling are not defined. In this study, we tested whether chronic pre-MI administration of TMZ would be beneficial during and after acute ...
Buss Sebastian J - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The extent of adverse myocardial remodeling contributes essentially to the prognosis after myocardial infarction (MI). In this study we investigated whether inhibition of "mammalian target of rapamycin" (mTOR) attenuates left ventricular (LV) remodeling after MI. BACKGROUND: Therapeutic strategies to inhibit remodeling are currently limited to inhibition of neurohumoral activation. ...
Das Mithilesh K - - 2009
Electrocardiographic signs of a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) are nonspecific, and therefore the diagnosis of NSTEMI during acute coronary syndromes (ACS) depends mainly on cardiac biomarker levels. Fragmented QRS (fQRS) represents myocardial conduction abnormalities due to myocardial infarction (MI) scars in patients with coronary artery disease. However, the time ...
Sumida Arihiro - - 2010
AIM: We have previously reported that therapy with midkine (MK) has a protective effect in mouse models of myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemia/reperfusion. The underlying mechanism was proved to be anti-apoptosis and prevention of left ventricular (LV) remodelling following angiogenesis. Here we investigated the effects of overexpression of MK by ...
Isobe Kazuya - - 2010
Background: Although therapeutic angiogenesis is a most promising strategy for the treatment of myocardial infarction (MI), it remains unknown if and how endogenous angiogenesis inhibitors, such as endostatin, regulate angiogenesis in MI. In the present study the role of endostatin in left ventricular (LV) remodeling and heart failure was tested ...
Onoue Kenji - - 2009
Placental growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor increase angiogenesis and promote healing after acute myocardial infarction (MI), but the significance of soluble Fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1), an antagonist of placental growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor, in the setting of acute MI has not been elucidated. The development ...
Mookadam Farouk - - 2009
Cardiac remodeling remains an important primary therapeutic target in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) and chronic heart failure. It also has utility as a reliable surrogate for clinical outcomes. The past three decades of research have demonstrated the importance of cardiac remodeling as a basic mechanism in the progression of ...
Sheng Fu-qiang - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of simvastatin on TLR4,TNF-alpha and IL-6 expression in the myocardium and its relation to left ventricular (LV) remodelling in a rat model of myocardial infarction (MI) and to investigate the mechanism by which simvastatin improves LV remodelling in rats ...
Matura Lea Ann - - 2010
This study determines if there are differences in circadian effects of myocardial infarctions (MIs) and MI type, non-ST elevation MI (NSTEMI) and ST elevation MI (STEMI), between females and males. A two-group, nonexperimental chart review was conducted. A total of 273 randomly selected patients with an acute MI were included. ...
Goldberger Jeffrey J - - 2009
The risk of sudden death is highest early after myocardial infarction (MI) and progressively declines over the ensuing 6 to 12 months. Nevertheless, several randomized clinical trials have failed to show a survival benefit for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators when implanted early after MI in high-risk patients. The etiology of this acute ...
Chen Yue-Feng - - 2010
It has been shown that hypothyroidism may lead to delayed wound healing after experimental myocardial infarction (MI) in rats and increased infarct size in dogs. However, the long-term effect of hypothyroidism on left ventricular (LV) remodeling after MI has not been determined. Adult female Sprague-Dawley rats with and without surgical ...
Suvisaari Jaana - - 2010
We investigated the prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD) and myocardial infarction (MI) in persons with DSM-IV psychotic disorders. We also examined cardiac conduction abnormalities, and the role of antipsychotic medication in them. The study was based on a nationally representative survey of 8028 persons aged 30 years or over ...
Paisey John - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Mitral isthmus (MI) ablation for treatment of perimitral flutter is often performed during atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation but is technically challenging. Traditional assessment of MI conduction by left atrial activation mapping while pacing from either side of the line is time-consuming, and cannot be performed during ongoing ablation. Analysis ...
Chaitman Bernard R - - 2009
The Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes (BARI 2D) trial in 2368 patients with stable ischemic heart disease assigned before randomization to percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting strata reported similar 5-year all-cause mortality rates with insulin sensitization versus insulin provision therapy and with a strategy of prompt ...
Inoue Yuma - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine LV function at different distances from myocardial infarction (MI) by using 3-T tagged MRI and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). METHODS: Cardiac MR images were acquired from 21 patients with previous MI. The harmonic phase (HARP) method was used to calculate radial and circumferential strain (RS, CS). The ...
Chen Lei-Lei - - 2010
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and nitric oxide (NO) may play an important role in attenuating cardiac remodeling and apoptosis after myocardial infarction. However, the anti-inflammation effects of eNOS in infarcted myocardium and the role of MAPK signaling in eNOS/NO mediated cardiac remodeling have not yet been elucidated. Adenovirus carrying ...
Lorgis Luc - - 2010
Little is known about the role of neurotrophins (NT) under adult vascular homeostasis in normal and pathological conditions. The NT family, including nerve growth factor and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are expressed in atherosclerotic vessels. Previous studies demonstrated that plasma BDNF levels were increased in the coronary circulation in patients ...
Huikuri Heikki V - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Autonomic dysfunction tends to improve over time after acute myocardial infarction (MI), but the clinical significance of autonomic remodeling is not well known. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the amount of recovery of autonomic function early after MI is associated with a ...
Koch Matthias - - 2010
Several cytokines are activated in chronic heart failure (CHF), including interleukin-2 (IL-2). IL-2 is important for the survival of regulatory T cells, as well as for the function of activated T cells. Its role in ischemic cardiomyopathy has not yet been investigated. We therefore studied left ventricular (LV) performance and ...
Rott David - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction (MI) may be classified as ST-elevation MI (STEMI) or non-ST-elevation MI (NSTEMI). There is little data regarding the relationship between the infarct related artery (IRA), clinical characteristics of the patients, and the ST deviation pattern (ie, STEMI or NSTEMI). HYPOTHESIS: There is a predilection of any coronary ...
Eitel Ingo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Aborted myocardial infarction (MI) is defined by major (> or =50%) ST-segment resolution and a lack of subsequent cardiac enzyme rise > or =2 the upper normal limit. This ultimate myocardial salvage has been observed in approximately 15% of ST-elevation MI (STEMI) patients after fibrinolysis. So far, the prognostic ...
Xu Jianping - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to validate the feasibility of wideband high-frequency ultrasound imaging to resolve in vivo the degree, location, and morphologic changes of myocardial infarction (MI) in a rat model. METHODS: The left anterior descending coronary artery was ligated in the test group (n = 41), and the ...
Lekhal Samira - - 2010
Tissue factor (TF)-induced thrombin generation (TG) ex vivo has been suggested to be an important method to assess thrombotic risk. No studies have investigated the impact of postprandial lipemia on TF-induced TG. Since myocardial infarction (MI) is associated with elevated postprandial levels of triglycerides, we hypothesized a differential impact of ...
Mostarda Cristiano - - 2010
1. Impairmant of baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) has been implicated in the reduction of heart rate variability (HRV) and in the increased risk of death after myocardial infarction (MI). In the present study, we investigated whether the additional impairment in BRS induced by sinoaortic baroreceptor denervation (SAD) in MI rats is ...
Pascale Patrizio - - 2009
AIMS: Estimates of the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients with life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias related to coronary artery disease (CAD) have rarely been reported despite it has become the basis for determining patient's eligibility for prophylactic defibrillator. We aimed to determine the extent and distribution of reduced LVEF in ...
Conraads Viviane M - - 2010
Ventricular remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI) includes myocardial hypertrophy, a process requiring increased protein synthesis and sarcomere assembly. The anti-hypertrophic effect of MuRF1/MafBx, both muscle-specific E3-ubiquitin ligases, has been demonstrated in animal experiments and in cultured cardiomyocytes. We assessed MuRF1/MAFbx expression in myocardium remote of recently (<2 weeks) infarcted regions ...
Hage Camilla - - 2010
Previously unknown glucose perturbations are common in patients with myocardial infarction (MI). We evaluated the accuracy of an early oral glucose tolerance test OGTT in relation to the extent of the MI. An OGTT was performed in 134 patients with MI without known diabetes (DM) after 4-5 days (predischarge) and ...
Lee Choong Hyun - - 2010
In this study, we examined changes in immunoreactivities of calcium binding proteins, such as parvalbumin (PV), calbindin (CB), and calretinin (CR), in the rat basolateral amygdala (BLA) 14 days after myocardial infarction (MI). In the MI-operated group, numbers of PV and CB immunoreactive ((+)) neurons in the BLA were significantly ...
Lin Xue - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The present study investigated whether administration of controlled release matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) plasmid DNA prevents left ventricular (LV) remodeling in a rat chronic myocardial infarction (MI) model. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rats with a moderate-sized MI were randomized to 2 groups: injection of phosphate buffered saline (PBS) containing microspheres into ...
Núñez Julio - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Low lymphocyte count (LLC), a surrogate for inflammation, has emerged as a potential risk factor for cardiovascular outcomes, especially new ischemic events. To identify patients with non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTEACS) who benefit from an invasive revascularization strategy remains a challenge. We sought to determine if patients ...
Ahmad Rehan - - 2009
The prevalence of Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) is on the rise, from increasing lifespan of population and availability of better medical facilities. We studied chronic IHD cases with and without previous myocardial infarction, in Hazara, NWFP, Pakistan to evaluate left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, wall motion abnormalities and complications of IHD. ...
Martin David T - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Subjects with microvolt-level T-wave alternans (TWA) in association with structural heart disease have an increased risk for sudden cardiac death. The presence of diabetes (DM) is associated with an increased risk of sudden death but there is limited data on the impact of DM and previous myocardial infarction (MI) ...
Mahnken Andreas H - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze whether cardiac computed tomography (CT) permits the assessment of myocardial edema in acute myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND: Several studies proved the value of detecting myocardial edema from T2-weighted cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) for differentiating acute from chronic MI. Computed tomography is ...
Shan Hongli - - 2009
Tanshinone IIA is an active component of a traditional Chinese medicine based on Salvia miltiorrhiza, which reduces sudden cardiac death by suppressing ischaemic arrhythmias. However, the mechanisms underlying the anti-arrhythmic effects remain unclear. A model of myocardial infarction (MI) in rats by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery was ...
Kusakari Yoichiro - - 2009
Left ventricular (LV) remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI) is considered to contribute to cardiac dysfunction. Though myofiber organization is a key component of cardiac structure, functional and anatomical features of injured myofiber during LV remodeling have not been fully defined. We investigated myocyte injury after acute MI in a mouse ...
Hu Houxiang - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The optimal hemoglobin (Hb) level in acute myocardial infarction (MI) is unknown. The goal of this study was to determine the optimal Hb concentration in acute MI and whether transfusion of fresh blood to correct anemia reduces myocardial injury and improves outcome. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Anemia was induced ...
Seki Kenjiro - - 2009
BACKGROUND: ST2 is an interleukin (IL)-1 receptor family member with membrane-bound (ST2L) and soluble (sST2) isoforms, and sST2 is a biomarker for poor outcome in patients with myocardial infarction (MI). IL-33, the recently discovered ligand for ST2, activates nuclear factor kappaB and thus may regulate apoptotic cell death. We tested ...
Steel Kevin - - 2009
Recent studies have demonstrated the significant prognostic value of stress cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) myocardial perfusion imaging. Apart from characterizing reversible perfusion defect (RevPD) from flow-limiting coronary stenosis, CMR late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) imaging is currently the most sensitive method for detecting subendocardial infarction (MI). We therefore tested the hypothesis ...
Seeger Achim - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To longitudinally assess the value of cardiac functional and viability imaging as a supplement to MR angiography in patients with atherosclerotic disease. METHODS: Cardiac MRI was performed in 195 consecutive patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease. Of these, 186 patients were followed for 22 +/- 5 months for the ...
Zhao Wenyuan - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine whether reactive oxygen species (ROS) promote cardiac angiogenesis following myocardial infarction (MI) and contribute to cardiac repair. Rats with MI were treated with or without antioxidants, tempol and apocynin. Hearts of these rats were collected at days 2, 4, 7 and 14 ...
Dixon Jennifer A - - 2009
Targeted delivery of mesenchymal precursor cells (MPCs) can modify left ventricular (LV) cellular and extracellular remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI). However, whether and to what degree LV remodeling may be affected by MPC injection post-MI, and whether these effects are concentration-dependent, remain unknown. Allogeneic MPCs were expanded from sheep bone ...
Okamura Tomonori - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The impact of elevated triglycerides (TG) and non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDLC) on the incidence of stroke and myocardial infarction (MI) has not been well evaluated in Asian populations such as in Japan, which have a lower incidence of myocardial infarction, but a higher risk of stroke than Western ...
Busche Marc N - - 2009
Complement activation has been shown to play an important role in the inflammation and tissue injury following myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (MI/R). Several recent studies from our laboratory demonstrated the importance of mannose-binding lectin (MBL) as the initiation pathway for complement activation and the resulting pathological effects following MI/R. However, ...
Xiang Fu-Li - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Soluble stem cell factor (SCF) has been shown to mobilize bone marrow stem cells and improve cardiac repair after myocardial infarction (MI). However, the effect of membrane-associated SCF on cardiac remodeling after MI is not known. The present study investigated the effects of cardiomyocyte-specific overexpression of the membrane-associated isoform ...
Tan Zhen - - 2009
Previously, we showed that oral allopurinol increased survival in mice with post-ischemic cardiomyopathy and attributed this outcome to an improvement of excitation-contraction coupling that boosted contractility. In this study, we tested the sustainability of this enhanced contraction associated with decreased oxidative damage over an extended time. Mice were divided into ...
Mani Santhosh K - - 2009
Cardiac pathology, such as myocardial infarction (MI), activates intracellular proteases that often trigger programmed cell death and contribute to maladaptive changes in myocardial structure and function. To test whether inhibition of calpain, a Ca(2+)-dependent cysteine protease, would prevent these changes, we used a mouse MI model. Calpeptin, an aldehydic inhibitor ...
Ieko Masahiro - - 2009
Soluble fibrin monomer appears in the bloodstream during the extremely early stage of blood coagulation and generally forms a complex with fibrinogen, termed soluble fibrin monomer complex (FMC). Determination of FMC can provide information regarding the state of thrombotic diseases; thus it is important to investigate whether FMC serves as ...
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