Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 2498
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Infanger David W - - 2010
Myocardial infarction (MI)-induced heart failure is characterized by central nervous system-driven sympathoexcitation and deteriorating cardiac function. The paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus is a key regulator of sympathetic nerve activity and is implicated in heart failure. Redox signaling in the PVN and other central nervous system sites is a ...
Malfitano Christiane - - 2010
Exposure to a high glucose medium or diabetes has been found to protect the heart against ischaemia. The activation of antiapoptotic and proliferative factors seems to be involved in this cardioprotection. This study was designed to evaluate the role of hyperglycaemia in cardiac function, programmed cell survival, and cell death ...
Kramer Christopher M - - 2010
Advances in cardiovascular molecular imaging have come at a rapid pace over the last several years. Multiple approaches have been taken to better understand the structural, molecular, and cellular events that underlie the progression from myocardial injury to myocardial infarction (MI) and, ultimately, to congestive heart failure. Multimodality molecular imaging ...
Dixon Jennifer A - - 2010
Despite advances in reperfusion therapy, acute coronary syndromes can still result in myocardial injury and subsequent myocardial infarction (MI). Molecular, cellular, and interstitial events antecedent to the acute MI culminate in deleterious changes in the size, shape, and function of the left ventricle (LV), collectively termed LV remodeling. Three distinct ...
Saleheen Danish D Center for Non-Communicable Diseases, Karachi, Pakistan. - - 2010
To examine variants at the 9p21 locus in a case-control study of acute myocardial infarction (MI) in Pakistanis and to perform an updated meta-analysis of published studies in people of European ancestry. A total of 1851 patients with first-ever confirmed MI and 1903 controls were genotyped for 89 tagging single-nucleotide ...
Uemura Kazunori - - 2010
Vagal nerve stimulation (VS) has been suggested to be an effective adjunct to reperfusion therapy in myocardial infarction (MI). However, the effect of VS on left ventricular (LV) remodeling after reperfused MI has not been examined. We investigated the effects of early, brief VS on acute inflammatory reactions (study 1) ...
Toko Hauhiro - - 2010
Accumulation of unfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) evokes the ER stress response, including activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6), a key transcriptional activator to maintain cellular homeostasis. The ER stress has recently been reported to cause various diseases, but the role of ATF6 in the heart remains unknown. We ...
Gao Jing - - 2011
Aims: This study was designed to evaluate the proteomic mechanism of myocardial angiogenesis augmented by a remote ischemic training (RIT) of skeletal muscle in a controlled myocardial ischemia model. Methods: The rabbits were grouped by RIT, myocardial ischemia without RIT (MI), and sham-operation (Sham). Controlled myocardial ischemia was modeled by ...
Bae Eunjoo - - 2010
We observed gliosis with cell death in the rat amygdala 3 and 14 days after myocardial infarction (MI). Cresyl violet-positive neurons had condensed cytoplasm, and Fluoro-Jade B-positive cells were detected in the amygdala 14 days, not 3 days, after MI. Only a few glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)-immunoreactive astrocytes and ...
Angeli Franca S - - 2010
Erythropoietin (EPO) has generated interest as a novel therapy after myocardial infarction (MI), but the safety and efficacy of prolonged therapy have not been studied in a large animal model of reperfused MI. MI was induced in pigs by a 90-minute balloon occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. ...
Treguer Frederic - - 2010
A noninvasive assessment of infarct size and transmural extension of myocardial infarction (TEMI) is fundamental in experimental models of ischemia-reperfusion. Conventional echocardiography parameters are limited in this purpose. This study was designed to examine whether speckle tracking imaging can be used in a rat model of ischemia-reperfusion to accurately detect ...
Nanda Nivedita - - 2010
Male gender and fasting sugar level at pre diabetic range are two of the recognized risk factors associated with coronary artery disease. Recently it was found that although males are at increased incidence of myocardial infarction (MI), the severity of disease is same for both genders among pre-diabetic myocardial infarction ...
Korhonen Petri - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Increased QRS fragmentation in visual inspection of 12-lead ECG has shown association with cardiac events in postmyocardial infarction (MI) patients. We investigated user-independent computerized intra-QRS fragmentation analysis in prediction of cardiac deaths and heart failure (HF) hospitalizations after MI. METHODS: Patients (n = 158) with recent MI and reduced ...
Lin Ruby C Y - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Myocardial infarction (MI) is a serious complication of atherosclerosis associated with increasing mortality attributable to heart failure. Activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase [PI3K(p110 alpha)] is considered a new strategy for the treatment of heart failure. However, whether PI3K(p110 alpha) provides protection in a setting of MI is unknown, and PI3K(p110 ...
Uguz Faruk - - 2010
PURPOSE: To examine the incidence, clinical profile, and predictors of delirium following acute myocardial infarction (MI). DESIGN AND METHODS: The study sample included 212 consecutive patients with acute MI who were admitted to the coronary intensive care unit of a university hospital. FINDINGS: Delirium was found to occur in 5.7% ...
Zhang Feng - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Periprocedural myocardial injury remains the most common complication associated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Previous studies have demonstrated that even a small elevation of cardiac enzymes is associated with higher risk of mortality during follow-up. OBJECTIVE: We performed a meta-analysis based on all currently available randomized controlled trials (RCT) ...
Woulfe Kathleen C - - 2010
Numerous studies have proposed that glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3beta is a central regulator of the hypertrophic response of cardiomyocytes. However, all of this work has relied on overexpression of GSK-3beta, expression of constitutively active mutants, or small molecule inhibitors with documented off-target effects. Genetic loss of function approaches have not ...
Yarbrough William M - - 2010
Myocyte death occurs by necrosis and caspase-mediated apoptosis in myocardial infarction (MI). In vitro studies suggest caspase activation causes myocardial contractile protein degradation without inducing apoptosis. Thus, caspase activation may evoke left ventricular (LV) remodeling through independent processes post-MI. The effects of caspase activation on LV geometry post-MI remain unclear. ...
Meloni Marco M Experimental Cardiovascular Medicine Division, Bristol Heart Institute, Bristol, United - - 2010
Nerve growth factor (NGF) promotes angiogenesis and cardiomyocyte survival, which are both desirable for postinfarction myocardial healing. Nonetheless, the NGF potential for cardiac repair has never been investigated. To define expression and localization of NGF and its high-affinity receptor TrkA (tropomyosin-related receptor A) in the human infarcted heart and to ...
Frost Robert J A - - 2010
Ischemic heart disease is a form of congestive heart failure that is caused by insufficient blood supply to the heart, resulting in a loss of viable tissue. In response to the injury, the non-ischemic myocardium displays signs of secondary remodeling, like interstitial fibrosis and hypertrophy of cardiac myocytes. This remodeling ...
Schenkel Paulo Cavalheiro - - 2010
In this study, we investigated the oxidative stress influence in some prosurvival and proapoptotic proteins after myocardial infarction (MI). Male Wistar rats were divided in two groups: Sham-operated (control) and MI. MI was induced by left coronary artery occlusion. 28-days after surgery, echocardiographic, morphometric, and hemodynamic parameters were evaluated. Redox ...
Lymperopoulos Anastasios - - 2010
Chronic heart failure (HF) is characterized by sympathetic overactivity and enhanced circulating catecholamines (CAs), which significantly increase HF morbidity and mortality. We recently reported that adrenal G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) is up-regulated in chronic HF, leading to enhanced CA release via desensitization/down-regulation of the chromaffin cell alpha(2)-adrenergic receptors ...
Yu Ming - - 2010
BMS747158 labeled with (18)F is being developed for PET myocardial perfusion imaging. Imaging studies showed clear detection of necrotic tissue in acute myocardial infarcted (MI) animals and a good safety profile in normal animals. This study evaluated BMS747158 imaging and cardiovascular safety in a rabbit model of chronic MI with ...
Arif Muhammad - - 2012
This paper presents automatic detection and localization of myocardial infarction (MI) using K-nearest neighbor (KNN) classifier. Time domain features of each beat in the ECG signal such as T wave amplitude, Q wave and ST level deviation, which are indicative of MI, are extracted from 12 leads ECG. Detection of ...
Krishnamurthy Prasanna - - 2010
Prolonged inflammatory response is associated with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and adverse remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI). IL-10 inhibits inflammation by suppressing HuR-mediated mRNA stabilization of proinflammatory cytokines. Here we report that following MI, IL-10(-/-) mice showed exaggerated LV dysfunction, fibrosis, and cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Short-hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated knockdown of HuR ...
Kobara Miyuki - - 2010
AIMS: The plasma level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been reported to be associated with left ventricular (LV) remodelling after myocardial infarction (MI). The present study was designed to examine whether anti-IL-6 receptor antibody (MR16-1) prevents the development of LV remodelling after MI. METHODS AND RESULTS: Balb/c male mice were subjected ...
Jim Man-Hong - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The angiographic findings and prognosis of patients with complete atrioventricular block (AVB) complicating acute inferior myocardial infarction (MI) remain unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical and angiographic findings of 70 consecutive patients with complete AVB were compared with those of 319 patients with inferior MI without AVB (control group) ...
Yamagami Shinichiro - - 2010
To determine whether the initial degree of coronary narrowing prior to a first myocardial infarction (MI) affects left ventricular function, we analyzed paired coronary angiograms and left ventriculography in 41 consecutive MI patients in whom coronary angiography was obtained before and after MI. Patients were divided into 2 groups according ...
Tarantini Giuseppe - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The mechanism through which multivessel coronary artery disease (MVD) adversely affects the outcome of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is poorly characterized. We assessed whether the impact of MVD on outcome of STEMI patients is because of ischemic damage after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) or to late ...
Haas Stephan L - - 2010
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in Western civilization. In this pilot study we evaluated a new method for the diagnosis of myocardial infarction and heart failure by determining the typical fingerprint in the infrared (IR) spectrum of 1 microL of a dried patient serum sample by Fourier ...
Haugaa Kristina H - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether myocardial strain echocardiography can predict ventricular arrhythmias in patients after myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) is insufficient for selecting patients for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy after MI. Electrical dispersion in infarcted myocardium facilitates malignant arrhythmia. ...
Okayama Satoshi - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to clarify the characteristics of black-blood echo-planar imaging (BB-EPI) in the assessment of infarct-related myocardial edema (IRME), compared with T2-weighted imaging (T2WI). Thirteen acute myocardial infarction (MI) patients after reperfusion and 11 old MI patients underwent BB-EPI and T2WI, excluding those with posterior MI. ...
Vandsburger Moriel H - - 2010
Experimental myocardial infarction (MI) in mice is an important disease model, in part due to the ability to study genetic manipulations. MRI has been used to assess cardiac structural and functional changes after MI in mice, but changes in myocardial perfusion after acute MI have not previously been examined. Arterial ...
Wen Huazhi - - 2010
We hypothesized that carvedilol, a nonselective β-blocker, can exert antiarrhythmogenic effects by inhibiting sympathetic nerve sprouting and electrical remodeling at peri-infarct zones after myocardial infarction (MI). MI was induced by ligation of the coronary artery. The rats in the carvedilol group received 5.0mg/kg carvedilol twice a day. Eight weeks after ...
Vuilleumier Nicolas - - 2010
AIMS: To assess the prognostic value of anti-apolipoprotein A-1 (anti-apoA-1) IgG after myocardial infarction (MI) and its association with major cardiovascular events (MACEs) at 12 months and to determine their association with resting heart rate (RHR), a well-established prognostic feature after MI. Anti-apoA-1 IgG have been reported in MI without ...
Tan Sih Min - - 2010
Following myocardial infarction (MI), the heart undergoes a pathological process known as remodeling, which in many instances results in cardiac dysfunction and ultimately heart failure and death. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a key mediator in the pathogenesis of cardiac remodeling following MI. We thus aimed to inhibit TGF-beta signaling ...
Martens Elisabeth J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of Type D personality (high negative affectivity and social inhibition) on cardiac death and/or recurrent myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with acute MI, after adjustment for disease severity and depression. To explore the differential effect of Type D on early (< or = 6 months) ...
Mercano?lu G?ldem Olguner - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Ventricular remodeling (VR) which develops after myocardial infarction (MI) plays an important role in progressive left ventricular dysfunction. We aimed to investigate the role of nebivolol treatment on VR after a MI in a rat ischemia-reperfusion model. METHODS: Rats were divided into 3 groups of 12 each: sham operated ...
Oostendorp Marlies - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis is a natural mechanism to restore perfusion to the ischemic myocardium after acute myocardial infarction (MI). Therapeutic angiogenesis is being explored as a novel treatment for MI patients; however, sensitive, noninvasive in vivo measures of therapeutic efficacy are lacking and need to be developed. Here, a molecular magnetic ...
Takahashi Masafumi - - 2010
Myocardial infarction (MI) is accompanied by an inflammatory response, leading to the recruitment of leukocytes and subsequent myocardial injury and healing. Chemokines are potent chemoattractant cytokines that regulate leukocyte trafficking in inflammatory processes. Recent evidence indicates that chemokines play a role not only in leukocyte trafficking but also in angiogenesis ...
Mongeon Fran?ois-Pierre - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In available trials and meta-analyses, adjunctive thrombectomy in acute myocardial infarction (MI) improves markers of myocardial reperfusion but has limited effects on clinical outcomes. Thrombectomy devices simply aspirate thrombus or mechanically fragment it before aspiration. Simple aspiration thrombectomy may offer a distinct advantage. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified 21 ...
Jorapur Vinod - - 2010
To study if impaired renal function is associated with increased risk of peri-infarct heart failure (HF) in patients with preserved ejection fraction (EF). Patients with occluded infarct-related arteries (IRAs) between 1 to 28 d after myocardial infarction (MI) were grouped into chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages based on estimated glomerular ...
Obana Masanori - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Glycoprotein 130 is the common receptor subunit for the interleukin (IL)-6 cytokine family. Previously, we reported that pretreatment of IL-11, an IL-6 family cytokine, activates the glycoprotein 130 signaling pathway in cardiomyocytes and prevents ischemia/reperfusion injury in vivo; however, its long-term effects on cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) ...
Palmerini Tullio - - 2010
In this study we investigated the impact of acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) on clinical outcomes in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) stenosis treated with drug-eluting stents (DESs). In this multicenter, retrospective, observational study we enrolled 1,101 patients with ULMCA stenosis treated with DESs. Six hundred eleven patients ...
Nishioka Tomohiro - - 2010
Tenascin-C (TN-C) is an extracellular matrix glycoprotein with high bioactivity. It is expressed at low levels in normal adult heart, but upregulated under pathological conditions, such as myocardial infarction (MI). Recently, we (Ref. 34) reported that MI patients with high serum levels of TN-C have a greater incidence of maladaptive ...
Zaidi Syed H E - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the function of the bone morphogenic protein growth differentiation factor 5 (Gdf5) in a mouse model of myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND: The Gdf5 has been implicated in skeletal development, but a potential role in the heart had not been studied. METHODS: ...
Gerber Yariv - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Neighborhood of residence has been suggested to affect cardiovascular risk above and beyond personal socioeconomic status (SES). However, such data are currently lacking for patients with myocardial infarction (MI). We examined all-cause and cardiac mortality according to neighborhood SES in a cohort of MI patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive ...
Yeih Dong-Feng - - 2011
Hexokinase (HK) is known to possess both anti-oxidant and anti-apoptotic properties. This study investigated the behavior of myocardial HK in response to myocardial infarction (MI). Adult male Wistar rats with various degrees of MI after coronary ligation were examined 4weeks after operation and were divided dichotomously into small and large ...
Siragusa Mauro - - 2010
Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)gamma is expressed in hematopoietic cells, endothelial cells (ECs), and cardiomyocytes and regulates different cellular functions relevant to inflammation, tissue remodeling and cicatrization. Recently, PI3Kgamma inhibitors have been indicated for the treatment of chronic inflammatory/autoimmune diseases and atherosclerosis. We aimed to determine PI3Kgamma contribution to the angiogenic capacity ...
Kandalam Vijay - - 2010
RATIONALE: Myocardial infarction (MI) results in remodeling of the myocardium and the extracellular matrix (ECM). Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) are critical regulators of ECM integrity via inhibiting matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). TIMP2 is highly expressed in the heart and is the only TIMP that, in addition to inhibiting MMPs, is ...
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