Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 2520
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Zhang Song - - 2010
Evaluation of structural parameters following a myocardial infarction (MI) is important to assess left ventricular function and remodeling. In this study, we assessed the capability of 3D diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DT-MRI) to assess tissue degeneration shortly after an MI using a porcine model of infarction. Two days after ...
Kim Myung-A - - 2010
There is evidence that angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is cardioprotective. To assess this in the post-myocardial infarction (MI) heart, we treated adult male Sprague-Dawley rats with either placebo (PL) or C16, a selective ACE2 inhibitor, after permanent coronary artery ligation or sham operation. Coronary artery ligation resulting in MI between ...
Azuaje Francisco - - 2010
There is currently no method powerful enough to identify patients at risk of developing ventricular dysfunction after myocardial infarction (MI). We aimed to identify major mechanisms related to ventricular dysfunction to predict outcome after MI. Based on the combination of domain knowledge, protein-protein interaction networks and gene expression data, a ...
Kümler Thomas - - 2010
Left ventricular systolic function and presence of heart failure (HF) are important prognostic factors and dictate future therapeutic strategies after myocardial infarction (MI). We evaluated persistence of the prognostic importance of left ventricular dysfunction and HF in consecutive MI patients screened for entry in the Trandolopril Cardiac Evaluation Registry (TRACE) ...
McSweeney Sara J SJ Queen's Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH16 4TJ Scotland, - - 2010
Mice unable to locally regenerate corticosterone due to deficiency of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11βHSD1) have enhanced angiogenesis during acute myocardial infarct healing. The present study investigates the hypotheses that in these mice (i) inflammation and angiogenic signalling are promoted and (ii) longer-term remodelling and function are improved. Myocardial infarction ...
Manhenke Cord - - 2011
We assessed the time profiles and prognostic utility of circulating markers of collagen turnover (CTO) following acute myocardial infarction (MI). In contrast to previous studies, no patient had been pre-treated with inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) at the time of initial assessment. Plasma levels of N-terminal fragment of type ...
Afridi Hassan Imran - - 2011
The exposure of toxic elements may directly or indirectly associate with different pathogenesis of heart diseases. In the present study, the association of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), lead (Pb), and nickel (Ni) in biological samples (whole blood and urine) and mortality from myocardial infarction (MI) patients at first, ...
Liu Wenjuan - - 2010
Transient outward potassium currents (I(to)) are major early repolarization currents in shaping cardiac action potential (AP). Downregulation of I(to) contributes to AP configuration alteration in myocardial infarction (MI) and numerous other heart diseases. High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), a proinflammatory cytokine, has been reported to increase dramatically in the serum ...
Ou Lailiang - - 2011
Matrigel promotes angiogenesis in the myocardium from ischemic injury and prevents remodelling of the left ventricle. We assessed the therapeutic efficacy of intracardiac matrigel injection and matrigel-mediated stem cell homing in a rat myocardial infarction (MI) model. Following MI, matrigel (250 μl) or phosphate-buffered solution (PBS) was delivered by intracardiac ...
Alshehri Abdullah M - - 2010
The association of hyperuricemia with increased risk of atherosclerosis has been reported in previous studies but the link of acute gouty arthritis, hyperuricemia and acute myocardial infarction (MI) is not seen frequently. Here we report a 33 year old male who presented with hyperuricemia, acute gouty arthritis and acute myocardial infarction. ...
Chiao Ying Ann - - 2010
Matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) deletion has been shown to improve survival after myocardial infarction (MI). MMP-7 has a large array of in vitro substrates, but in vivo substrates for MMP-7 following MI have not been fully identified. Accordingly, we evaluated the infarct regions of wild-type (WT; n = 12) and MMP-7 ...
Jiang Bingbing - - 2010
Inflammation has emerged as a critical biological process contributing to nearly all aspects of cardiovascular diseases including heart failure. Heart failure represents the final consequence of a diverse set of initial insults to the myocardium, among which myocardial infarction (MI) is the most common cause. After MI, the lack of ...
Yeghiazarians Yerem - - 2010
Erythropoietin (EPO) and granulocyte colony stimulating factor (GCSF) are potential novel therapies after myocardial infarction (MI). We first established the optimal and clinically applicable dosages of these drugs in mobilizing hematopoietic stem cells (HSC), and then tested the efficacy of monotherapy and combination therapy post-MI. Optimal doses were established in ...
Louhelainen Marjut - - 2010
Levosimendan is a novel, short half-life calcium sensitizer used as pharmacological inotropic support in acute decompensated heart failure. After oral administration, levosimendan is metabolized to OR-1855, which, in rats, is further metabolized into OR-1896. OR-1896 is a long-lasting metabolite of levosimendan sharing the pharmacological properties of the parent compound. Effects ...
Jiang Meng - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic meta-analysis to assess the therapeutic effects of progenitor cell therapy after myocardial infarction (MI). RESEARCH DESIGN/METHODS: Randomized controlled trials of progenitor cell therapy for MI were extracted from MEDLINE. We performed a prospective comparison of progenitor cell therapy versus placebo after acute or chronic MI, ...
Ti Yalin - - 2010
We explore the feasibility of using combined fluorescence and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy to characterize a myocardial infarct at different developing stages. An animal study is conducted using rats with surgically induced myocaridal infarction (MI). In vivo fluorescence spectra at 337-nm excitation and diffuse reflectance between 400 and 900 nm are ...
Zhang Rong-Lin - - 2010
Chronic heart rate reduction (HRR) therapy following myocardial infarction, using either the pure HRR agent ivabradine or the beta-blocker atenolol, has been shown to preserve maximal coronary perfusion, via reduction of perivascular collagen and a decrease in renin-angiotensin system activation. In addition ivabradine, but not atenolol, treatment attenuated the decline ...
Rich David Q - - 2010
Previous studies have reported increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI) after increases in ambient particulate matter (PM) air pollution concentrations in the hours and days before MI onset. We hypothesized that acute increases in fine PM with aerodynamic diameter < or = 2.5 microm (PM(2.5)) may be associated with increased ...
Stockl Karen M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent pharmacodynamic and retrospective clinical analyses have suggested that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may modify the antiplatelet effects of clopidogrel bisulfate. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of persons enrolled in a multistate health insurance plan with commercial and Medicare clients to evaluate adverse clinical outcomes in patients ...
Dubois Emilie - - 2011
Chronic heart failure following myocardial infarction (MI) is characterized by progressive left ventricular remodelling (LVR). Despite significant improvements in MI management, LVR remains a frequent complication. Although several risk factors have been identified, such as infarct size, LVR is difficult to predict in clinical practice. Using a rat model of ...
Groleau Danielle - - 2010
This study explored illness narratives following a myocardial infarction (MI) in French Canadians. Qualitative interviews were completed using the McGill Illness Narrative Interview with 51 patients following a first MI. Content analysis of interviews suggested that the heart was perceived as a receptacle that contained an accumulation of life's ordeals, ...
Maniadakis Nikos - - 2011
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. This study evaluates irbesartan in relation to commonly used alternative hypertension therapies losartan and valsartan given in combination with hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) in the general hypertensive population in Greece. A Markov model with eight ...
Infanger David W - - 2010
Myocardial infarction (MI)-induced heart failure is characterized by central nervous system-driven sympathoexcitation and deteriorating cardiac function. The paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus is a key regulator of sympathetic nerve activity and is implicated in heart failure. Redox signaling in the PVN and other central nervous system sites is a ...
Malfitano Christiane - - 2010
Exposure to a high glucose medium or diabetes has been found to protect the heart against ischaemia. The activation of antiapoptotic and proliferative factors seems to be involved in this cardioprotection. This study was designed to evaluate the role of hyperglycaemia in cardiac function, programmed cell survival, and cell death ...
Kramer Christopher M - - 2010
Advances in cardiovascular molecular imaging have come at a rapid pace over the last several years. Multiple approaches have been taken to better understand the structural, molecular, and cellular events that underlie the progression from myocardial injury to myocardial infarction (MI) and, ultimately, to congestive heart failure. Multimodality molecular imaging ...
Dixon Jennifer A - - 2010
Despite advances in reperfusion therapy, acute coronary syndromes can still result in myocardial injury and subsequent myocardial infarction (MI). Molecular, cellular, and interstitial events antecedent to the acute MI culminate in deleterious changes in the size, shape, and function of the left ventricle (LV), collectively termed LV remodeling. Three distinct ...
Saleheen Danish D Center for Non-Communicable Diseases, Karachi, Pakistan. - - 2010
To examine variants at the 9p21 locus in a case-control study of acute myocardial infarction (MI) in Pakistanis and to perform an updated meta-analysis of published studies in people of European ancestry. A total of 1851 patients with first-ever confirmed MI and 1903 controls were genotyped for 89 tagging single-nucleotide ...
Uemura Kazunori - - 2010
Vagal nerve stimulation (VS) has been suggested to be an effective adjunct to reperfusion therapy in myocardial infarction (MI). However, the effect of VS on left ventricular (LV) remodeling after reperfused MI has not been examined. We investigated the effects of early, brief VS on acute inflammatory reactions (study 1) ...
Toko Hauhiro - - 2010
Accumulation of unfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) evokes the ER stress response, including activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6), a key transcriptional activator to maintain cellular homeostasis. The ER stress has recently been reported to cause various diseases, but the role of ATF6 in the heart remains unknown. We ...
Gao Jing - - 2011
Aims: This study was designed to evaluate the proteomic mechanism of myocardial angiogenesis augmented by a remote ischemic training (RIT) of skeletal muscle in a controlled myocardial ischemia model. Methods: The rabbits were grouped by RIT, myocardial ischemia without RIT (MI), and sham-operation (Sham). Controlled myocardial ischemia was modeled by ...
Bae Eunjoo - - 2010
We observed gliosis with cell death in the rat amygdala 3 and 14 days after myocardial infarction (MI). Cresyl violet-positive neurons had condensed cytoplasm, and Fluoro-Jade B-positive cells were detected in the amygdala 14 days, not 3 days, after MI. Only a few glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)-immunoreactive astrocytes and ...
Angeli Franca S - - 2010
Erythropoietin (EPO) has generated interest as a novel therapy after myocardial infarction (MI), but the safety and efficacy of prolonged therapy have not been studied in a large animal model of reperfused MI. MI was induced in pigs by a 90-minute balloon occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. ...
Treguer Frederic - - 2010
A noninvasive assessment of infarct size and transmural extension of myocardial infarction (TEMI) is fundamental in experimental models of ischemia-reperfusion. Conventional echocardiography parameters are limited in this purpose. This study was designed to examine whether speckle tracking imaging can be used in a rat model of ischemia-reperfusion to accurately detect ...
Nanda Nivedita - - 2010
Male gender and fasting sugar level at pre diabetic range are two of the recognized risk factors associated with coronary artery disease. Recently it was found that although males are at increased incidence of myocardial infarction (MI), the severity of disease is same for both genders among pre-diabetic myocardial infarction ...
Korhonen Petri - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Increased QRS fragmentation in visual inspection of 12-lead ECG has shown association with cardiac events in postmyocardial infarction (MI) patients. We investigated user-independent computerized intra-QRS fragmentation analysis in prediction of cardiac deaths and heart failure (HF) hospitalizations after MI. METHODS: Patients (n = 158) with recent MI and reduced ...
Lin Ruby C Y - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Myocardial infarction (MI) is a serious complication of atherosclerosis associated with increasing mortality attributable to heart failure. Activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase [PI3K(p110 alpha)] is considered a new strategy for the treatment of heart failure. However, whether PI3K(p110 alpha) provides protection in a setting of MI is unknown, and PI3K(p110 ...
Uguz Faruk - - 2010
PURPOSE: To examine the incidence, clinical profile, and predictors of delirium following acute myocardial infarction (MI). DESIGN AND METHODS: The study sample included 212 consecutive patients with acute MI who were admitted to the coronary intensive care unit of a university hospital. FINDINGS: Delirium was found to occur in 5.7% ...
Zhang Feng - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Periprocedural myocardial injury remains the most common complication associated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Previous studies have demonstrated that even a small elevation of cardiac enzymes is associated with higher risk of mortality during follow-up. OBJECTIVE: We performed a meta-analysis based on all currently available randomized controlled trials (RCT) ...
Woulfe Kathleen C - - 2010
Numerous studies have proposed that glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3beta is a central regulator of the hypertrophic response of cardiomyocytes. However, all of this work has relied on overexpression of GSK-3beta, expression of constitutively active mutants, or small molecule inhibitors with documented off-target effects. Genetic loss of function approaches have not ...
Yarbrough William M - - 2010
Myocyte death occurs by necrosis and caspase-mediated apoptosis in myocardial infarction (MI). In vitro studies suggest caspase activation causes myocardial contractile protein degradation without inducing apoptosis. Thus, caspase activation may evoke left ventricular (LV) remodeling through independent processes post-MI. The effects of caspase activation on LV geometry post-MI remain unclear. ...
Meloni Marco M Experimental Cardiovascular Medicine Division, Bristol Heart Institute, Bristol, United - - 2010
Nerve growth factor (NGF) promotes angiogenesis and cardiomyocyte survival, which are both desirable for postinfarction myocardial healing. Nonetheless, the NGF potential for cardiac repair has never been investigated. To define expression and localization of NGF and its high-affinity receptor TrkA (tropomyosin-related receptor A) in the human infarcted heart and to ...
Frost Robert J A - - 2010
Ischemic heart disease is a form of congestive heart failure that is caused by insufficient blood supply to the heart, resulting in a loss of viable tissue. In response to the injury, the non-ischemic myocardium displays signs of secondary remodeling, like interstitial fibrosis and hypertrophy of cardiac myocytes. This remodeling ...
Schenkel Paulo Cavalheiro - - 2010
In this study, we investigated the oxidative stress influence in some prosurvival and proapoptotic proteins after myocardial infarction (MI). Male Wistar rats were divided in two groups: Sham-operated (control) and MI. MI was induced by left coronary artery occlusion. 28-days after surgery, echocardiographic, morphometric, and hemodynamic parameters were evaluated. Redox ...
Lymperopoulos Anastasios - - 2010
Chronic heart failure (HF) is characterized by sympathetic overactivity and enhanced circulating catecholamines (CAs), which significantly increase HF morbidity and mortality. We recently reported that adrenal G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) is up-regulated in chronic HF, leading to enhanced CA release via desensitization/down-regulation of the chromaffin cell alpha(2)-adrenergic receptors ...
Yu Ming - - 2010
BMS747158 labeled with (18)F is being developed for PET myocardial perfusion imaging. Imaging studies showed clear detection of necrotic tissue in acute myocardial infarcted (MI) animals and a good safety profile in normal animals. This study evaluated BMS747158 imaging and cardiovascular safety in a rabbit model of chronic MI with ...
Arif Muhammad - - 2012
This paper presents automatic detection and localization of myocardial infarction (MI) using K-nearest neighbor (KNN) classifier. Time domain features of each beat in the ECG signal such as T wave amplitude, Q wave and ST level deviation, which are indicative of MI, are extracted from 12 leads ECG. Detection of ...
Krishnamurthy Prasanna - - 2010
Prolonged inflammatory response is associated with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and adverse remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI). IL-10 inhibits inflammation by suppressing HuR-mediated mRNA stabilization of proinflammatory cytokines. Here we report that following MI, IL-10(-/-) mice showed exaggerated LV dysfunction, fibrosis, and cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Short-hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated knockdown of HuR ...
Kobara Miyuki - - 2010
AIMS: The plasma level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been reported to be associated with left ventricular (LV) remodelling after myocardial infarction (MI). The present study was designed to examine whether anti-IL-6 receptor antibody (MR16-1) prevents the development of LV remodelling after MI. METHODS AND RESULTS: Balb/c male mice were subjected ...
Jim Man-Hong - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The angiographic findings and prognosis of patients with complete atrioventricular block (AVB) complicating acute inferior myocardial infarction (MI) remain unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical and angiographic findings of 70 consecutive patients with complete AVB were compared with those of 319 patients with inferior MI without AVB (control group) ...
Yamagami Shinichiro - - 2010
To determine whether the initial degree of coronary narrowing prior to a first myocardial infarction (MI) affects left ventricular function, we analyzed paired coronary angiograms and left ventriculography in 41 consecutive MI patients in whom coronary angiography was obtained before and after MI. Patients were divided into 2 groups according ...
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