Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 2503
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Hari Roman - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The traumatic experience of a heart attack may evolve into symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, which can be diagnosed at the earliest 1 month after myocardial infarction (MI). While several predictors of posttraumatic stress in the first year after MI have been described, we particularly sought to identify longer-term ...
Schwartz Bryan G - - 2010
Coronary heart disease affects 7.6% of the population in the United States, where > 900 000 myocardial infarctions (MIs) occur annually. Approximately half of all MIs have an identifiable clinical trigger. Myocardial ischemia, MI, sudden cardiac death, and thrombotic stroke each occur with circadian variation and peak after waking in ...
Cao JunXian - - 2010
Mechanosensitive channels have been determined to work as transducers of mechanoelectric feedback in the heart, which is associated with the generation of arrhythmias. Recent studies have investigated the role of the cytoskeleton in ion channels control. This study explored the ability of taxol to inhibit stretch-induced electrophysiological alterations in the ...
Zhang Li - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Compared with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (MI), ST-elevation MI has been associated with increased mortality after medical treatment and percutaneous coronary intervention. Our study investigated the prognostic value of MI classification in the setting of surgical revascularization within 21 days of MI. METHODS: We studied 2412 consecutive patients between 1995 ...
Jorge Luciana - - 2011
Aims To test the effects of early exercise training (ET) on left ventricular (LV) and autonomic functions, haemodynamics, tissues blood flows (BFs), maximal oxygen consumption (VO(2) max), and mortality after myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. Methods and results Male Wistar rats were divided into: control (C), sedentary-infarcted (SI), and trained-infarcted ...
Kandalam Vijay V Department of Physiology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, - - 2010
Extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling is a critical aspect of cardiac remodeling following myocardial infarction. Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) are physiological inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) that degrade the ECM proteins. TIMP3 is highly expressed in the heart, and is markedly downregulated in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. We therefore examined ...
Costa Daniele G - - 2010
Myocardial infarction (MI) is commonly associated with cardiac hypertrophy, reduced Ca²(+) uptake into the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and impaired myocardial relaxation. Treatment to prevent MI-associated complications is currently lacking. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the remodeling and function of hearts subjected to experimental MI and to ...
Zhang Hongyu - - 2010
Myocardial infarction (MI) leads to heart failure (HF) and premature death. The respective roles of myocyte death and depressed myocyte contractility in the induction of HF after MI have not been clearly defined and are the focus of this study. We developed a mouse model in which we could prevent ...
Zhou Lan - - 2011
Circadian rhythms influence the incidence of adverse cardiac events but the underlying mechanisms are not well defined. We sought to investigate the role of the β3-adrenoceptor (β3-AR) in cardiac circadian disorders and arrhythmia severity after myocardial infarction (MI). MI was created by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery of ...
van Dijk Annemieke - - 2010
Eur J Clin Invest 2010 Abstract Background Clusterin (Apolipoprotein J), a plasma protein with cytoprotective and complement-inhibiting activities, localizes in the infarcted heart during myocardial infarction (MI). Recently, we have shown a protective effect of exogenous clusterin in vitro on ischaemically challenged cardiomyocytes independent of complement. We therefore hypothesized that ...
Pouleur Anne-Catherine - - 2010
The frequency of sudden unexpected death is highest in the early post-myocardial infarction (MI) period; nevertheless, 2 recent trials showed no improvement in mortality with early placement of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator after MI. To better understand the pathophysiological events that lead to sudden death after MI, we assessed autopsy records ...
Afridi Hassan Imran - - 2011
It has been speculated that trace elements may play a role in the pathogenesis of heart diseases In the present study, we aimed to access the levels of chromium (Cr) and manganese (Mn) in biological samples (whole blood, urine, and scalp hair) of myocardial infarction (MI) patients of both gender ...
Spinale Francis G - - 2010
The membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is a unique member of the MMP family, but induction patterns and consequences of MT1-MMP overexpression (MT1-MMPexp), in a left ventricular (LV) remodeling process such as myocardial infarction (MI), have not been explored. MT1-MMP promoter activity (murine luciferase reporter) increased 20-fold at 3 days ...
Beeri Ronen - - 2010
Mitral regurgitation (MR) doubles mortality after myocardial infarction (MI). We have demonstrated that MR worsens remodeling after MI and that early correction reverses remodeling. Sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(+2)-ATPase (SERCA2a) is downregulated in this process. We hypothesized that upregulating SERCA2a might inhibit remodeling in a surgical model of apical MI (no intrinsic ...
Lindsey Merry L - - 2012
Following a myocardial infarction (MI), the homeostatic balance between matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) is disrupted as part of the left ventricle (LV) response to injury. The full complement of responses to MI has been termed LV remodeling and includes changes in LV size, shape and ...
Berry Colin C Department of Health and Human Services, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-1061, - - 2010
The area at risk (AAR) is a key determinant of myocardial infarction (MI) size. We investigated whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurement of AAR would be correlated with an angiographic AAR risk score in patients with acute MI. Bright-blood, T2-prepared, steady-state, free-precession MRI was used to depict the AAR in ...
Nelson Devin M - - 2011
Heart failure initiated by coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction (MI) is a widespread, debilitating condition for which there are a limited number of options to prevent disease progression. Intra-myocardial biomaterial injection following MI theoretically provides a means to reduce the stresses experienced by the infarcted ventricular wall, which may ...
Angeli Franca S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We investigated the safety and efficacy of GCSF therapy in a porcine model of ischemia-reperfusion with left ventricle ejection fraction of <45% using a clinically relevant dosing and timing regimen. METHODS: MI was induced in pigs by a 90 min balloon occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. ...
Mukherjee Rupak - - 2012
Left ventricular (LV) remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI) is associated with increased levels of specific matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and relative reduction of endogenous tissue inhibitors of the MMPs (TIMPs). However, transcriptional mechanisms for the disparate post-MI MMP/TIMP expression remain unknown. Using murine constructs designed to report gene promoter activation, this ...
Gaby Alan R - - 2010
Acute myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the most frequent causes of death in the United States. The evaluation and treatment of acute MI in conventional medicine has focused primarily on anatomical and physiological factors that lead to impaired blood flow. Less attention has been paid to metabolic factors that ...
Rubulis Aigars - - 2010
Reliable cardiovascular (CV) risk assessment by a noninvasive tool would be of great value for CV event prevention. The present study consists of 187 coronary artery disease patients with 8 years of follow-up. Eight vectorcardiographic parameters characterizing different aspects of ventricular repolarization were analyzed at baseline: (1) the ST-segment (ST-VM), ...
Knippenberg Stephanie A M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: It has previously been shown that there is a good agreement between the Selvester QRS score and myocardial infarct (MI) size determined by postmortem histopathology in patients with nonreperfused MI. Currently, however, most patients with acute coronary thrombosis receive reperfusion therapy. Therefore, the aim of this study was to ...
Gruppetta Mark - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is well established as a short-term prognostic indicator after myocardial infarction (MI), but little long-term data are available. HYPOTHESIS: The objective of the study was to assess the impact of DM and other patient characteristics at baseline on long-term mortality after acute MI. METHODS: Patients who ...
Madhavi G - - 2010
Myocardial infarction (MI) is uncommon in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery without a history of coronary artery disease. But, patients with compromised pulmonary function and coexisting anaemia superimposed by precipitating factors like prolonged hypotension and tachycardia can culminate in myocardial catastrophe even in the absence of risk factors. We are herewith ...
Mahnken Andreas H - - 2010
To assess combined analysis of coronary arteries and delayed myocardial contrast enhancement based on co-registration of coronary CT angiography and late-phase CT and automatic segmentation. Co-registration and late enhancement segmentation were applied to coronary CT angiography and late-phase CT images from six pigs with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and six ...
Mukherjee Rupak - - 2010
Disruption of the balance between matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and MMP inhibitors (TIMPs) within a myocardial infarct (MI) contributes to left ventricular wall thinning and changes in regional stiffness at the MI region. This study tested the hypothesis that a targeted regional approach through localized high-frequency stimulation (LHFS) using low-amplitude electric ...
Andersohn F - - 2011
The German mortality statistics are an important data source in terms of research and health policy but might be influenced by different sources of error such as ICD-10 coding by regional authorities. The aim of this study was to identify state-specific coding problems using the example of ischaemic heart disease ...
Wakabayashi Kohei - - 2010
Several reports have alluded to the adverse effect of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on long-term prognosis of patients with myocardial infarction (MI). Little information is available, however, regarding the effects of a decrease in cardiopulmonary reserve imposed by COPD on in-hospital outcome of acute MI. This study aimed to ...
D'Alessandra Yuri - - 2010
Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) may represent a novel class of biomarkers; therefore, we examined whether acute myocardial infarction (MI) modulates miRNAs plasma levels in humans and mice. Healthy donors (n = 17) and patients (n = 33) with acute ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI) were evaluated. In one cohort (n = 25), ...
Ifkovits Jamie L - - 2010
A recent trend has emerged that involves myocardial injection of biomaterials, containing cells or acellular, following myocardial infarction (MI) to influence the remodeling response through both biological and mechanical effects. Despite the number of different materials injected in these approaches, there has been little investigation into the importance of material ...
Tuppin Philippe - - 2010
International guidelines recommend long-term use of evidence-based treatment (EBT) combining beta-blockers, aspirin/clopidogrel, statins and either angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ACEIs/ARBs) after a myocardial infarction (MI), to reduce cardiac morbidity and mortality. To evaluate medication adherence after hospital admission for MI and the relationship with mortality and readmission ...
Cicala Silvana - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Construction of prognostically relevant endpoints for clinical trials in hypertension has increasingly included coronary revascularization with myocardial infarction (MI) as manifestations of coronary artery disease. However, whether coronary revascularization and MI predict other cardiovascular events similarly is unknown. METHODS: We examined risks of cardiovascular death, all-cause death, and stroke ...
Sato Daisuke - - 2011
Bone marrow-derived cells (BMCs) are critically involved in inflammation and regeneration after myocardial infarction (MI). However, the participation of BMCs in the reconstruction of infarcted myocardium remains unclear. In this study, we investigated phenotypic modulation of BMCs and their turnover in the heart following MI. MI was produced in rats ...
Zhang Song - - 2010
Evaluation of structural parameters following a myocardial infarction (MI) is important to assess left ventricular function and remodeling. In this study, we assessed the capability of 3D diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DT-MRI) to assess tissue degeneration shortly after an MI using a porcine model of infarction. Two days after ...
Kim Myung-A - - 2010
There is evidence that angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is cardioprotective. To assess this in the post-myocardial infarction (MI) heart, we treated adult male Sprague-Dawley rats with either placebo (PL) or C16, a selective ACE2 inhibitor, after permanent coronary artery ligation or sham operation. Coronary artery ligation resulting in MI between ...
Azuaje Francisco - - 2010
There is currently no method powerful enough to identify patients at risk of developing ventricular dysfunction after myocardial infarction (MI). We aimed to identify major mechanisms related to ventricular dysfunction to predict outcome after MI. Based on the combination of domain knowledge, protein-protein interaction networks and gene expression data, a ...
Kümler Thomas - - 2010
Left ventricular systolic function and presence of heart failure (HF) are important prognostic factors and dictate future therapeutic strategies after myocardial infarction (MI). We evaluated persistence of the prognostic importance of left ventricular dysfunction and HF in consecutive MI patients screened for entry in the Trandolopril Cardiac Evaluation Registry (TRACE) ...
McSweeney Sara J SJ Queen's Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH16 4TJ Scotland, - - 2010
Mice unable to locally regenerate corticosterone due to deficiency of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11βHSD1) have enhanced angiogenesis during acute myocardial infarct healing. The present study investigates the hypotheses that in these mice (i) inflammation and angiogenic signalling are promoted and (ii) longer-term remodelling and function are improved. Myocardial infarction ...
Manhenke Cord - - 2011
We assessed the time profiles and prognostic utility of circulating markers of collagen turnover (CTO) following acute myocardial infarction (MI). In contrast to previous studies, no patient had been pre-treated with inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) at the time of initial assessment. Plasma levels of N-terminal fragment of type ...
Afridi Hassan Imran - - 2011
The exposure of toxic elements may directly or indirectly associate with different pathogenesis of heart diseases. In the present study, the association of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), lead (Pb), and nickel (Ni) in biological samples (whole blood and urine) and mortality from myocardial infarction (MI) patients at first, ...
Liu Wenjuan - - 2010
Transient outward potassium currents (I(to)) are major early repolarization currents in shaping cardiac action potential (AP). Downregulation of I(to) contributes to AP configuration alteration in myocardial infarction (MI) and numerous other heart diseases. High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), a proinflammatory cytokine, has been reported to increase dramatically in the serum ...
Ou Lailiang - - 2011
Matrigel promotes angiogenesis in the myocardium from ischemic injury and prevents remodelling of the left ventricle. We assessed the therapeutic efficacy of intracardiac matrigel injection and matrigel-mediated stem cell homing in a rat myocardial infarction (MI) model. Following MI, matrigel (250 μl) or phosphate-buffered solution (PBS) was delivered by intracardiac ...
Alshehri Abdullah M - - 2010
The association of hyperuricemia with increased risk of atherosclerosis has been reported in previous studies but the link of acute gouty arthritis, hyperuricemia and acute myocardial infarction (MI) is not seen frequently. Here we report a 33 year old male who presented with hyperuricemia, acute gouty arthritis and acute myocardial infarction. ...
Chiao Ying Ann - - 2010
Matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) deletion has been shown to improve survival after myocardial infarction (MI). MMP-7 has a large array of in vitro substrates, but in vivo substrates for MMP-7 following MI have not been fully identified. Accordingly, we evaluated the infarct regions of wild-type (WT; n = 12) and MMP-7 ...
Jiang Bingbing - - 2010
Inflammation has emerged as a critical biological process contributing to nearly all aspects of cardiovascular diseases including heart failure. Heart failure represents the final consequence of a diverse set of initial insults to the myocardium, among which myocardial infarction (MI) is the most common cause. After MI, the lack of ...
Yeghiazarians Yerem - - 2010
Erythropoietin (EPO) and granulocyte colony stimulating factor (GCSF) are potential novel therapies after myocardial infarction (MI). We first established the optimal and clinically applicable dosages of these drugs in mobilizing hematopoietic stem cells (HSC), and then tested the efficacy of monotherapy and combination therapy post-MI. Optimal doses were established in ...
Louhelainen Marjut - - 2010
Levosimendan is a novel, short half-life calcium sensitizer used as pharmacological inotropic support in acute decompensated heart failure. After oral administration, levosimendan is metabolized to OR-1855, which, in rats, is further metabolized into OR-1896. OR-1896 is a long-lasting metabolite of levosimendan sharing the pharmacological properties of the parent compound. Effects ...
Jiang Meng - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic meta-analysis to assess the therapeutic effects of progenitor cell therapy after myocardial infarction (MI). RESEARCH DESIGN/METHODS: Randomized controlled trials of progenitor cell therapy for MI were extracted from MEDLINE. We performed a prospective comparison of progenitor cell therapy versus placebo after acute or chronic MI, ...
Ti Yalin - - 2010
We explore the feasibility of using combined fluorescence and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy to characterize a myocardial infarct at different developing stages. An animal study is conducted using rats with surgically induced myocaridal infarction (MI). In vivo fluorescence spectra at 337-nm excitation and diffuse reflectance between 400 and 900 nm are ...
Zhang Rong-Lin - - 2010
Chronic heart rate reduction (HRR) therapy following myocardial infarction, using either the pure HRR agent ivabradine or the beta-blocker atenolol, has been shown to preserve maximal coronary perfusion, via reduction of perivascular collagen and a decrease in renin-angiotensin system activation. In addition ivabradine, but not atenolol, treatment attenuated the decline ...
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