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Kumar Saurabh S Cardiac Arrhythmia Service, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA, 02115, - - 2014
Ventricular arrhythmias (VA) are a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality in patients with heart failure (HF). Implantable cardioverter defibrillators are effective in reducing mortality, but do not prevent arrhythmia recurrence. There is increasing recognition that frequent premature ventricular contractions or repetitive ventricular tachycardia may also lead to new onset ...
Wolf Sarah S From the *Department of Emergency Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta GA; †Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI; ‡Department of Emergency Medicine, Metro Health Hospital-Statewide Campus System, Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine, Wyoming, MI; §Oakwood Heritage Transitional Year Residency Program/Oakwood Healthcare, Taylor, MI; ¶Department of Internal Medicine, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA; ‖Department of Emergency Medicine, St. John Hospital and Medical Center, Detroit, MI; **Department of Internal Medicine, California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, CA; ††Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI; ‡‡Department of Emergency Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI; and §§Cardiovascular Research Institute, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, - - 2014
To evaluate the clinical impact of a troponin assay switch in suspected acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Retrospective analysis of ACS cases in the 3 months before and after changing to a contemporary, higher sensitivity troponin assay. Admitting diagnosis, proportion with a positive result, initial treatment and testing, coronary artery intervention, ...
Gillespie H Sawyer HS Division of Cardiology, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Box 356422, Seattle, WA, 98195, - - 2014
The presence of structural heart disease is often associated with the development of electrical abnormalities of the heart, manifesting as atrial and ventricular arrhythmias. These can occur in those with ischemic and nonischemic cardiomyopathies, congenital heart disease, and various acquired and intrinsic structural abnormalities of the myocardium. Treatment of these ...
Akoum Nazem N Comprehensive Arrhythmia Research and Management (CARMA) Center, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Utah, 50 North Medical Drive, Salt Lake City, UT, 84132, USA, - - 2014
Fibrosis is an essential component of structural remodeling that accompanies different cardiovascular disease conditions. In cardiac arrhythmias, fibrosis plays an important role in creating the necessary substrate for these arrhythmias to persist. Non-invasive evaluation of the arrhythmia substrate has seen significant advancements in the past several years. Cardiac MRI characterizes ...
Zipse Matthew M MM Division of Cardiology, Section of Cardiac Electrophysiology, University of Colorado, Denver, CO, USA, - - 2014
Cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) is a rare and under-recognized clinical entity that requires a high level of suspicion and low threshold for screening in order to make the diagnosis. CS may manifest in a variety of ways, and its initial presentation can range from asymptomatic electrocardiographic abnormalities to overt heart failure ...
Lambiase Pier D PD The Heart Hospital, University College Hospital & Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, UCL, 16-18 Westmoreland Street, London, W1G 8PH, UK, - - 2014
The Subcutaneous Internal Cardiac Defibrillator (S-ICD) represents a major advance in the care of patients who have an indication for an internal cardiac defibrillator without pacing indications. Its main advantage is that it can deliver a shock to cardiovert ventricular arrhythmias utilising a tunnelled subcutaneous lead, negating the risks associated ...
Dai Yuxiang Y Department of Cardiology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo 113-8421, Japan ; Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, P.R. - - 2014
The present study compared short- and long-term prognostic values of red blood cell distribution width (RDW) with those of hemoglobin (Hgb) among patients with acute congestive heart failure (CHF) in a cardiac care unit. The cross-sectional study examined data from 521 patients with acute CHF who were admitted to a ...
Groeneweg J A JA Department of Cardiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, HP Q05.2.314, Heidelberglaan 100, PO Box 85500, 3508 GA, Utrecht, the Netherlands, - - 2014
Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (AC), also known as arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C), is a hereditary disease characterised by ventricular arrhythmias, right ventricular and/or left ventricular dysfunction, and fibrofatty replacement of cardiomyocytes. Patients with AC typically present between the second and the fourth decade of life with ventricular tachycardias. However, sudden cardiac ...
Abdelmoneim Sahar S SS Mayo Clinic Cardiovascular Ultrasound Imaging and Hemodynamic Laboratory, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota USA (S.S.A., P.A.P., S.L.M.); and Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt - - 2014
The diagnosis of intracardiac thrombi remains clinically relevant, with associated risks of systemic embolization and implications for antithrombotic management. Intravenously injected ultrasound contrast agents, composed of microbubbles smaller than red blood cells, have become established essential adjunctive tools for performance of state-of-the-art echocardiography, providing important information on cardiac structure and ...
Kim Won-Keun WK Department of Cardiology, Kerckhoff Heart Center, Bad Nauheim, Germany; Department of Cardiac Surgery, Kerckhoff Heart Center, Bad Nauheim, - - 2014
Myocardial injury after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is common, but its cause and relationship to the extent of myocardial tissue loss remain unclear. This study sought to examine the incidence and degree of ischemic myocardial damage using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and myocardial biomarkers in patients undergoing TAVR. Patients ...
Satoh Hiroshi H Hiroshi Satoh, Makoto Sano, Kenichiro Suwa, Takeji Saitoh, Mamoru Nobuhara, Masao Saotome, Tsuyoshi Urushida, Hideki Katoh, Hideharu Hayashi, Division of Cardiology, Internal Medicine III, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu 431-3192, - - 2014
The recent development of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) techniques has allowed detailed analyses of cardiac function and tissue characterization with high spatial resolution. We review characteristic CMR features in ischemic and non-ischemic cardiomyopathies (ICM and NICM), especially in terms of the location and distribution of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). CMR ...
Nishida Junichi J Department of Cardiovascular, Renal and Metabolic Medicine, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, South-1, West-16, Chuo-ku, Sapporo, 060-8543, - - 2014
Whether different patterns of ventricular ballooning in takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) reflect differences in trigger mechanisms or clinical outcomes is unclear. Here we examined differences in the clinical characteristics of typical and atypical forms of TCM. TCM patients (n = 251) in the BOREAS Registry were enrolled for comparison of TCM with apical ...
Lewek Joanna J Department of Electrocardiology, Chair of Cardiology and Cardiosurgery, Medical University Lodz, Regional Sterling Heart Disease Center, 91-425 Lodz, Sterling 1/3, - - 2014
Inflammation is a pathological condition known since ancient times. Recent discoveries of inflammatory markers have given new insights into the role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of arrhythmias. This article reviews global data on possible correlations between inflammation - acute or chronic - and cardiac arrhythmias. The authors discuss the ...
Liang Yeyou Y School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510515, People's Republic of - - 2014
The beneficial effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in cardiac cell therapy are greatly limited due to poor survival after transplantation into ischemic hearts. Here, we investigated whether caspase 8 small hairpin RNA (shRNA) modification enhance human MSCs (hMSCs) survival and improve infarcted heart function. Recombinant adenovirus encoding pre-miRNA-155-designed caspase ...
Ezekowitz Justin A - - 2014
Nationally, symptomatic heart failure affects 1.5-2% of Canadians, incurs $3 billion in hospital costs annually and the global burden is expected to double in the next 1-2 decades. The current one-year mortality rate after diagnosis of heart failure remains high at >25%. Consequently, new therapeutic strategies need to be developed ...
Majidi Mohamed M Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University Medical Center, USA Department of Cardiology, Maastricht University Medical Center, The - - 2014
Establishing epicardial flow with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is necessary but not sufficient to ensure nutritive myocardial reperfusion. We evaluated whether adding myocardial blush grade (MBG) and quantitative reperfusion ventricular arrhythmia "bursts" (VABs) surrogates provide a more informative biosignature of optimal reperfusion in patients ...
See Hoe Louise E - - 2014
Cholesterol-rich caveolar microdomains and associated caveolins influence sarcolemmal ion channel and receptor function, and protective stress-signaling. However, the importance of membrane cholesterol content to cardiovascular function, and myocardial responses to ischemia-reperfusion (IR) and cardioprotective stimuli are unclear. We assessed effects of graded cholesterol depletion with methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MβCD), and lifelong knockout ...
Puelacher C C Department of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Research Institute Basel, University Hospital Basel, Petersgraben 4, 4031, Basel, - - 2014
The acute coronary syndrome (ACS) represents a diagnostic challenge: on the one hand patients need to be quickly identified to initiate treatment and on the other hand early exclusion of patients without ACS is important to relieve patient stress as well as overcrowded emergency departments. A growing number of biomarkers ...
Murín Pavol P Department of Cardiology, Safarik University and East-Slovak Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Košice, Slovak - - 2014
Myocardial contractile reserve (CR) is a strong prognostic factor in patients with heart failure. The presence of significant myocardial fibrosis can lead to a reduced response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). We assumed that myocardial CR assessed by high-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) would predict response to CRT. Fifty-two consecutive ...
Kuczmarski James M JM University of - - 2014
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effect of 4-weeks of voluntary wheel running on cardiac performance in the 5/6 ablation-infarction (AI) rat model of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We hypothesized that voluntary wheel running would be effective in preserving cardiac function in AI. Male Sprague Dawley rats ...
Lin Chen-Ching CC Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, TaiwanDepartment of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, - - 2014
MicroRNAs are a class of endogenous small noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression either by degrading target mRNAs or by suppressing protein translation. MicroRNAs have been found to be involved in many biological processes, such as development, differentiation and growth. However, the evolution of microRNA regulatory functions and networks has ...
Yu Yang Y Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, First Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang, - - 2014
Chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) leads to heterogeneous autonomic nerve innervation termed neural remodeling. The quantitative changes in neural density as a function of autonomic remodeling and its association with sustained AF has not been previously determined. Seven dogs (paced group) were chronically paced with electrodes sutured to the epicardium of ...
Wesselowski S S Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Blacksburg, - - 2014
Left atrial size is prognostically important in dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD). To compare the level of agreement in identification of left atrial enlargement (LAE) between the left atrial-to-aortic root ratio (LA : Ao) and left atrial volume using the biplane area-length method indexed to body weight (LA Vol/BW). Sixty ...
Andersson Charlotte C Department of Cardiology, Gentofte University Hospital, Hellerup, - - 2014
The effectiveness of beta-blockers for preventing cardiac events has been questioned for patients who have coronary heart disease (CHD) without a prior myocardial infarction (MI). The purpose of this study was to assess the association of beta-blockers with outcomes among patients with new-onset CHD. We studied consecutive patients discharged after ...
Chandorkar Aditya A Department of Internal Medicine, Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is described as transient hypokinesis of the apical and mid-segments of the left ventricle with hypercontractile basal segments triggered by emotional or physical stress. Variants with basal hypokinesis and apical hyperkinesis have been described, as well as simultaneous involvement of the right ventricle (RV). Proposed mechanisms include myocardial ...
Grazioli G G Group of Sports Cardiology, Arrhythmia Section and Cardiac Imaging Section, Hospital Clinic, Thorax Institute, Barcelona, Catalonia, - - 2014
Premature ventricular complex are common findings in the exam of many athletes. There is no extensive scientific evidence in the management of this situation particularly when associated with borderline contractile function of the left ventricle. In this case report, we present a 35-year-old asymptomatic healthy athlete with high incidence (over ...
Kim Hyun-Wook HW Department of Internal Medicine, Chosun University School of Medicine, 375 Seo-suk dong, Dong-Gu, Gwangju, 501-759, Republic of - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of serum total bilirubin on the development of adverse outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) besides high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) and N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). Serum total bilirubin, hs-cTnT, and NT-proBNP were analyzed in 372 patients ...
Herrmann Joerg J From the Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Department of Internal Medicine and Section of Biostatistics, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN (J.H., R.J.L., A.S.J., D.R.H., C.S.R.); and Cardiac Research Centre, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom - - 2014
There is controversy about the diagnostic and prognostic significance of percutaneous coronary intervention-related myocardial infarction, especially with the use of cardiac troponin T (cTnT). This analysis was designed to address the question of the presence and the level of a prognostic cTnT threshold. We evaluated 5268 consecutive patients who underwent ...
Djordjevic Dikic Ana A Clinical Center of Serbia, Cardiology Clinic, Medical School, University of Belgrade, Koste Todorovica 8, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia - - 2014
The aim of the study was to assess the value of coronary flow reserve (CFR) for predicting improvement of left ventricular function after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Study population included 40 patients (mean age 58 ± 9 years) with heart failure (ejection fraction 25, 7 ± 5, 4%) and QRS ...
Loomba Rohit S RS Department of Cardiology,Children's Hospital of Wisconsin,Milwaukee,Wisconsin,United States of - - 2014
Antiepileptic medications have been reported to cause disturbances in cardiac conduction. Lacosamide decreases seizure burden by modulating sodium channels. Although it has been demonstrated to have few side effects, there have been reports of clinically significant cardiac conduction disturbances. We report the case of a child with hypoplastic left-heart syndrome ...
Sun Ying Y Department of Anesthesiology & Pediatric Clinical Pharmacology Laboratory, Shanghai Children's Medical Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
We evaluated the use of bioreactance-based noninvasive cardiac output (CO) monitoring technique (NICOM(™) , CONICOM ) in pediatric patients with or without ventricular septal defect (VSD) during anesthesia induction to determine its agreement with the measurements assessed by echocardiography (echo, COECHO ). Twenty-eight pediatric patients with normal heart anatomy (group ...
Ma Lining L 1] Department of Molecular Cardiology, Joseph J. Jacobs Center for Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA [2] Cardiovascular Department, Hainan Provincial People's Hospital, Hainan, - - 2014
A specific role for Akt1 in events following myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is not known. We aimed to determine whether Akt1 deletion in in vivo mouse models of MI and after ischemia I/R injury would alter myocyte survival, cardiac function, and fibrosis. Akt1(+/+) and Akt1(-/-) mice were ...
Saxena Amit A 1New York University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology 2New York Medical College, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric - - 2014
Transplacental transfer of maternal anti-Ro and/or anti-La autoantibodies can result in fetal cardiac disease including congenital heart block and cardiomyopathy, called cardiac Neonatal Lupus (NL). Thousands of women are faced with the risk of cardiac NL in their offspring, which is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. There are no ...
Panovsky Roman R aDepartment of Cardiovascular Diseases, International Clinical Research Center, St. Anne's Faculty Hospital and Masaryk University, Brno bDepartment of Interventional Radiology, Hospital Trinec-Podlesi, Trinec cDepartment of Medical Imaging, St Anne's Hospital, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic dInstitute of Normal and Pathological Physiology and Center of Excellence for Regulatory Role of Nitric Oxide in Civilization Diseases, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovak - - 2014
The left atrium plays an integral role in cardiac performance. Data regarding the left atrial size, volume, function, and structure are clinically important in the management of patients with different diagnoses. Moreover, left atrial size and function were recognized as robust predictors of poor outcome across a broad range of ...
Yuan Ming-Jie MJ Dept of Cardiology, Wuhan Univ, Renmin Hospital, Wuhan 430060, Hubei Province, P.R. - - 2014
Ghrelin is a novel growth hormone-releasing peptide, which has been shown to exert beneficial effects on cardiac function and ventricular remodeling. The present study aimed to investigate the expression of ghrelin and the growth hormone (GH) secretagogue receptor 1a (GHSR-1a), and the association with cardiac remodeling in rats with myocardial ...
Hua Lisa L LL Cardiovascular Research - - 2014
Coordinated contraction of the heart is essential for survival and is regulated by the cardiac conduction system. Contraction of ventricular myocytes is controlled by the terminal part of the conduction system known as the Purkinje fiber network. Lineage analyses in chickens and mice have established that the Purkinje fibers of ...
Uriarte Diego Salerno DS aDivision of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry, San Paolo Hospital bDivision of Cardiac Surgery IRCCS, Policlinico San Donato Hospital, San Donato Milanese, and Faculty of Medicine, University of Milan, Milan, - - 2014
We report the case of a young woman with an acute myocardial infarction secondary to coronary embolization from a left atrial myxoma, as unusual presentation of a cardiac tumor.We also describe the role of transthoracic echocardiograpy in the multidisciplinary approach to diagnosis and treatment of this life-threatening condition.
Lanham Kevin A KA Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 777 Highland Avenue, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI - - 2014
Exposure of zebrafish embryos to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorordibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) activates the zebrafish aryl hydrocarbon receptor 2 (AHR) to produce developmental and cardiovascular toxicity. AHR is found in the heart; however, AHR activation by TCDD is not confined to the heart, and occurs throughout the organism. In order to understand the cause of ...
Scali Maria Chiara - - 2014
There is increasing interest in guiding Heart Failure (HF) therapy with Brain Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) or N-terminal prohormone of Brain Natriuretic Peptide (NT-proBNP), with the goal of lowering concentrations of these markers (and maintaining their suppression) as part of the therapeutic approach in HF. However, recent European Society of Cardiology ...
Schindler Yocheved L YL Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA Developmental Genetics Program and Department of Cell Biology, Kimmel Center for Biology and Medicine, Skirball Institute of Biomolecular Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, - - 2014
Embryonic heart formation requires the production of an appropriate number of cardiomyocytes; likewise, cardiac regeneration following injury relies upon the recovery of lost cardiomyocytes. The basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor Hand2 has been implicated in promoting cardiomyocyte formation. It is unclear, however, whether Hand2 plays an instructive or permissive role ...
Costa Marco A MA University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH - - 2014
-Left ventricle (LV) remodeling after anterior wall myocardial infarction leads to increased LV volumes, myocardial stress, and ultimately heart failure (HF). Treatment options are limited for these high-risk HF patients. A study was conducted to assess safety and feasibility of a percutaneous ventricular restoration (PVR) therapy using the Parachute(®) device ...
Graça Bruno B Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Azinhaga de Santa Comba, 3000-548, Coimbra, Portugal, - - 2014
The left atrium (LA) modulates left ventricular filling through reservoir, conduit and booster pump functions. Only limited data exist on LA involvement in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). This study sought to assess LA function in asymptomatic DM2 with cardiac MRI. We hypothesized that cardiac MRI can detect LA dysfunction ...
Padeletti Luigi L aArrhythmology, A.O.U. Careggi, Firenze, Florence bCardiology Division, Sant'Anna Hospital, Como cElectrophysiology, Spedali Civili, Brescia dCardiology Division, Policlinico Casilino, Rome eUOSD Electrophysiology, Vincenzo Monaldi Hospital, Naples fCardiology Division, Multimedica Clinic, Milan gCardiology Division, San Filippo Neri Hospital, Rome hCardiology Division, Santa Croce Hospital, Cuneo iUOC Cardiology, Mater Salutis Hospital, Legnago, Verona jCardiology, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy kBiotronik AG, Baar, Switzerland lBiotronik Italia, Milan, - - 2014
Heart failure is a leading cause of hospitalization and a significant medical burden in our society. Implantable medical devices are nowadays established therapies in heart failure patients that not only provide cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) therapy but are also able to continuously and remotely monitor ...
Vausort Melanie M Laboratory of Cardiovascular Research, Centre de Recherche - - 2014
Rationale:Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) constitute a novel class of non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression. Although recent data suggest that lncRNAs may be associated with cardiac disease, little is known about lncRNAs in the setting of myocardial ischemia. Objective: To measure lncRNAs in patients with myocardial infarction (MI). Methods and ...
Sun Huaqun H Department of Electrocardiogram, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, HangZhou, PR, - - 2014
We present a rare case of various conduction defects involving the left anterior, septal, and posterior branch in one patient. The different degrees of block of anterior, septal, and posterior fascicular of the left bundle branch indicate pathological changes in left ventricle. However, the values of this electrocardiographic presentation indicating ...
Mabote Thato T Department of Academic Cardiology, Hull York Medical School, Castle Hill Hospital, Cottingham, Kingston upon Hull, HU16 5JQ, - - 2014
Monitoring a patient's hemodynamic status may be a revolutionary way to aid a 'health maintenance' strategy in which the physician strives to therapeutically keep the patient in an ideal hemodynamic range. Currently, home telemonitoring employs a 'crisis-prevention' approach. This strategy is still based on easily acquired measures such as heart ...
Fang Fang F Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, and Institute of Vascular Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong - - 2014
Left atrial structural and functional changes in heart failure are relatively ignored parts of cardiac assessment. This review illustrates the pathophysiological and functional changes in left atrium in heart failure as well as their prognostic value. Heart failure can be divided into those with systolic dysfunction and heart failure with ...
Leong Darryl P DP Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, McMaster University Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
This review of emerging approaches to left atrial imaging in atrial fibrillation is relevant because there has been considerable recent development in the noninvasive characterization of left atrial structure and function. Concurrently, the identification and treatment of atrial fibrillation and the prevention of thromboembolism are evolving. Thus, it is timely ...
Bickel Amitai A Department of Surgery, Bar Ilan University, Israel; Department of Western Galilee Medical Center, Nahariya; and the Faculty of Medicine of the Galilee, Bar Ilan University, - - 2014
Pneumatic leg sleeves are widely used following prolonged operations for prevention of venous stasis. In healthy volunteers they increased cardiac function. We evaluated the hemodynamic effects and the safety of intermittent sequential pneumatic leg sleeves (ISPC) in patients with chronic congestive heart failure (CHF). We studied 19 patients with systolic ...
Randhawa Arpandeep A Department of Anatomy, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, - - 2014
Pulmonary vein (PV) isolation with catheter ablation in treating atrial fibrillation carries the risk of injury to phrenic nerve (PN). Left PN (LPN) stimulation continues to be one of the common complications of transvenous left ventricular lead placement during cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). In 30 formalin-fixed cadavers, spatial relationship of ...
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