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Results 401 - 450 of 1139
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Walsh Simon J - - 2006
AIMS: To investigate the feasibility and efficacy of novel low-tilt biphasic waveforms in transvenous cardioversion of atrial fibrillation (AF), delivered by a radiofrequency-powered defibrillator. METHODS AND RESULTS: The investigation was performed in three phases in an animal model of AF: a feasibility and efficacy study (in 10 adult Large White ...
Fang Xiangshao - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction has been recognized as a leading cause of early death after initially successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation. We have previously demonstrated that opening adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive K (KATP) channels or activation of delta-opioid receptors minimized the severity of postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction and increased the duration of postresuscitation survival. ...
Edelson Dana P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and electrical defibrillation are the primary treatment options for ventricular fibrillation (VF). While recent studies have shown that providing CPR prior to defibrillation may improve outcomes, the effects of CPR quality remain unclear. Specifically, the clinical effects of compression depth and pauses in chest compression prior ...
Claassen, N; Department of ...
Background Sudden cardiac death related to exercise is an uncommon problem, but is perhaps the single biggest challenge to sports medicine practitioners. Although the overall risk of death due to cardiac causes is substantially reduced in those who exercise regularly, the risk is temporarily increased during exercise. The causes of ...
Fox David J - - 2006
Increasing numbers of patients with indwelling single- or dual- chamber internal cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) will require upgrading of an existing system to a biventricular ICD providing cardiac resynchronization with back-up defibrillation. Upgrading, usually by the addition of a new left ventricular (LV) lead, can be technically challenging with central venous ...
Cram Peter - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are highly effective at preventing cardiac arrest, but their availability is limited by high cost. Automated external defibrillators (AEDs) are likely to be less effective, but also less expensive. We used decision analysis to evaluate the clinical and economic trade-offs of AEDs, ICDs, and emergency ...
Sadanaga Tsuneaki - - 2006
We performed a pilsicainide challenge test in a 38-year-old man who was resuscitated from ventricular fibrillation without apparent baseline electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormality. His father had a history of ventricular fibrillation and his brother had multiple episodes of syncope. Pilsicainide (1 mg/kg) induced short coupled ventricular premature beats followed by repetitive ...
Sanghvi Neil K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Programmed electrical stimulation of the heart as a method to induce tachyarrhythmias has been described since the 1960s. To date, no study has examined optimal drive cycle length in the induction of ventricular fibrillation (VF) during defibrillation threshold testing after implantable cardioverter-defibrillator placement. We hypothesized that longer drive cycle ...
Geddes Leslie A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to document the biochemical changes during ventricular fibrillation (VF) with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and to identify factors associated with postdefibrillation pulseless electrical activity (PD-PEA). BACKGROUND: It has been reliably estimated that as much as 60% of out-of-hospital sudden cardiac death can be attributed ...
Occhetta Eraldo - - 2006
AIMS: The development of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) with QRS morphology discrimination and dual-chamber sensing capabilities has improved the differentiation of supraventricular from ventricular tachycardias (VTs). Inappropriate ICD discharges may result from extracardiac signals caused by electromagnetic interference (EMI), because of electric fields and leakage currents from domestic or medical electrical ...
Kantharia Bharat K - - 2006
Current generations of implantable cardioverter defibrillators are capable of providing sophisticated dual chamber atrioventricular and rate-responsive pacing therapies, and even cardiac resynchronization therapy. Appropriate programming of the devices is necessary for them to perform all such sophisticated tasks. In this report, we describe a case where detection of ventricular tachycardia ...
Kolb Christof - - 2006
The case of a 54-year-old patient with severe coronary artery disease and storms of ventricular tachyarrhythmias is presented. On the replacement of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator due to battery depletion, he suffered life-threatening complications associated with arrhythmia induction. Performing a routine induction of ventricular arrhythmias on the occasion of pulse ...
Haghjoo Majid - - 2006
Despite considerable progress in the management of coronary artery disease and dilated cardiomyopathy, a substantial proportion of patients remains at the risk of life-threatening arrhythmic events. The Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation II and Sudden Cardiac Death Heart Failure studies have conclusively demonstrated that prophylactic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy reduces mortality ...
Kapetanopoulos Athanasios - - 2006
A persistent left superior vena cava was discovered in a 66-year-old man with heart failure undergoing implantation of a biventricular pacing and defibrillator device. An active fixation right ventricular defibrillator lead was placed through a curved guiding catheter. A sub-selection catheter and a guidewire allowed the engagement of a posterior-lateral ...
Pedrote Alonso - - 2006
A paediatric patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) presented cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation. Ventricular arrhythmias were not induced in an electrophysiological study, but an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) was implanted. Nine months later, the child experienced a recurrence of cardiac arrest during exercise, which was successfully treated with a ...
Goldenberg Ilan - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to assess the effect of elapsed time from coronary revascularization (CR) on the benefit of the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) and the risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in patients with ischemic left ventricular dysfunction. BACKGROUND: The ICD improves survival in appropriately selected high-risk cardiac patients ...
Rashba Eric J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Atrial defibrillation can be achieved with a conventional dual-coil, active pectoral implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) lead system. Shocking vectors that incorporate an additional electrode in the CS have been used, but it is unclear if they improve atrial DFTs. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this prospective, randomized study was to determine ...
Bilchick Kenneth C - - 2006
Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are frequently offered to patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C). Yet ICDs in these patients may be complicated by poor sensed amplitudes resulting from fatty and fibrous tissue replacement of right ventricular myocardium. We present the case of a patient with ARVD/C who had inappropriate ...
Kitamura Satoko - - 2006
BACKGROUND: As a result of longer follow-up after implantation of cardioverter defibrillators (ICD), fatigue of the leads has become a concern. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and clinical presentation of ICD lead failures. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population consisted of 241 patients with 249 ...
Traub Darren - - 2006
Aging is associated with structural alterations in the heart that predispose the elderly to life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. The majority of sudden cardiac deaths occur in people aged 65 and older. As the proportion of elderly in our population continues to grow, a greater number of elderly patients with malignant ventricular ...
Cattermole G - - 2006
Successful defibrillation of a patient with dextrocardia using conventional anterolateral paddle positions raises doubts about the necessity to place paddles in the exact recommended positions. Evidence found relates either to volunteers in a laboratory setting or to defibrillation of atrial arrhythmias. The conclusion is that there is no published difference ...
Gunderson Bruce D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) lead failures often present as inappropriate shock therapy. An algorithm that can reliably discriminate between ventricular tachyarrhythmias and noise due to lead failure may prevent patient discomfort and anxiety and avoid device-induced proarrhythmia by preventing inappropriate ICD shocks. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this analysis was to ...
Toma Mustafa - - 2006
Numerous trials have demonstrated survival benefits using implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) for primary prevention in selected patients with left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction. However, eligibility criteria differed across these trials. Without a risk stratification scheme that clearly identifies those who will benefit, there remains debate about which patients with heart ...
Faddy Steven C - - 2006
Non-sustained and self-terminating arrhythmias pose a significant challenge during resuscitation. Delivery of a defibrillation shock to a non-shockable rhythm has a poorly understood effect on the heart. The importance of assessing rhythm right up until the delivery of a shock is of increased importance when "blind" shocks are being delivered ...
Calkins Hugh - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Arrhythmogenic right-ventricular dysplasia is a rare inherited disease characterized by right-ventricular dysfunction and ventricular arrhythmias. The purpose of this article is to review recent developments concerning the diagnosis, genetics, and management of patients with this disease. RECENT FINDINGS: In the past few years important new information has ...
Lang Eddy S - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Pulseless ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation are the main causes of sudden cardiac death, but other ventricular tachyarrhythmias can occur without haemodynamic compromise. Ventricular arrhythmias occur mainly as a result of myocardial ischaemia or cardiomyopathies, so risk factors are those of cardiovascular disease. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a ...
Duray Gabor - - 2006
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: The aim of this article is to summarize the most relevant findings of recently published trials on prophylactic implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy. RECENT FINDINGS: A number of important randomized clinical trials on the efficacy of prophylactic implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy in patients deemed to be at ...
Glatter Kathryn A - - 2006
Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD or defibrillator) therapy has revolutionized the fields of cardiology and electrophysiology. Hundreds of thousands of patients at risk for sudden cardiac death receive them each year. The devices are not much larger than a pacemaker, and they have full pacemaker capabilities in addition to being able to ...
Terranova Paolo - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease remains the most common cause of death in the United States and most other Western nations. Among these deaths, sudden, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest claims approximately 1000 lives each day in the United States alone. Most of these cardiac arrests are due to ventricular fibrillation. Though highly reversible ...
Lederer Wolfgang - - 2006
The likelihood of successful defibrillation in patients with sustained ventricular fibrillation (VF) is increased after administering thrombolytics during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). While dissolution of coronary artery thrombosis resolves the underlying cause of myocardial infarction in the majority of patients, improved microcirculatory reperfusion and alteration of the electrical activity of the ...
Cheng Yuanna - - 2006
Optical mapping of electrical activity in the heart employs digital imaging and voltage-sensitive dyes. These methods have become an increasingly common research tools in basic cardiac electrophysiology. Significant advantages of this approach include simultaneous noncontact recording of entire action potentials free of electrical stimulus-induced artifacts from multiple closely adjacent sites, ...
Carrim Zia I - - 2006
AIMS: The primary aim of this retrospective study was to determine the proportion of patients with myocardial infarction (MI) who fulfil the criteria of the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial (MADIT) II and the implications of MADIT II criteria in practice. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of three hundred ...
Fitch David A DA Biomed. Eng. Dept., Memphis Univ., TN 38152, USA. - - 2006
Studies have investigated the effect of defibrillator paddle position on the efficacy of external electrocardioversion of atrial fibrillation, without agreeing upon an optimal placement. We wish to investigate using esophageal electric fields (EEFs) to predict atrial defibrillation thresholds (ADFTs) on a patient-specific basis. We propose to (1) investigate the relationship ...
Stratbucker Robert A - - 2006
TASERs deliver electrical pulses that can temporarily incapacitate subjects. The goal of this paper is to analyze the distribution of TASER currents in the heart and understand their chances of triggering cardiac arrhythmias. The models analyzed herein describe strength-duration thresholds for myocyte excitation and ventricular fibrillation induction. Finite element modeling ...
Kinoshita Hiroyuki H Dept. of Electr. & Commun. Eng., Tohoku Univ., Aoba-ku, Sendai, Japan. - - 2006
In this study, we have introduced the pattern classifier using the self-organizing map (SOM) for detecting fatal cardiac arrhythmia in implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). The SOM has learned patterns of sinus rhythm, ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia with the feature vectors extracted from electrocardiogram and right ventricular volume measured during an ...
Deakin Charles D - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Compared with monophasic defibrillation, biphasic defibrillation is associated with less myocardial stunning and earlier activation of sodium channels. We therefore hypothesised that earlier sodium channel activation would result in earlier restoration of the first sinus beat following elective DC cardioversion. METHODS: Adults undergoing elective DC cardioversion were randomised to ...
Bloomfield Daniel M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study hypothesized that microvolt T-wave alternans (MTWA) improves selection of patients for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) prophylaxis, especially by identifying patients who are not likely to benefit. BACKGROUND: Many patients with left ventricular dysfunction are now eligible for prophylactic ICDs, but most eligible patients do not benefit; MTWA testing ...
Winterhalter Michael - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Recently it has been shown that biphasic external shocks are more effective in the treatment of ventricular fibrillation (VF) compared with monophasic external shocks in terms of number of defibrillation attempts and maximal energy used for termination of VF. Biphasic defibrillators apply different biphasic impulse forms, depending on technology. ...
Notarstefano Pasquale - - 2005
A 41-year-old man with Brugada syndrome (BS) and no previous episodes of aborted sudden death or syncope referred to local emergency room for an episode of symptomatic atrial fibrillation. Blood chemistry results showed hypokalemia (2.9 mEq/L). The other parameters were within the normal range. After few minutes, an episode of ...
Sanders Gillian D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Eight randomized trials have evaluated whether the prophylactic use of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) improves survival among patients who are at risk for sudden death due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction but who have not had a life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia. We assessed the cost-effectiveness of the ICD in the ...
Berenbom Loren D - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the influence of single- versus dual-chamber implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) on the occurrence of heart failure and mortality as well as appropriate and inappropriate ICD therapy in the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial II (MADIT-II). BACKGROUND: In MADIT-II, ICD therapy in patients with a prior ...
Bryant J - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To consider the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) for arrhythmias. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases. Manufacturer submissions. REVIEW METHODS: A systematic review of the literature on clinical and cost-effectiveness was undertaken. The quality of selected randomised controlled trials (RCTs) was assessed using the Jadad criteria, and ...
Gradaus R - - 2005
Implantation of a transvenous device in patients with a tricuspid valve replacement or a complex congenital heart disease with no access to the right ventricle represents problems. The lack of access to the right ventricle might preclude transvenous placement of a defibrillation lead at ICD implantation. A young patient (21 ...
Yasuda Masayuki - - 2005
A 14-year-old boy was admitted for the evaluation of recurrent syncope. His ECG on admission revealed a sinus rhythm with an undetermined QRS axis, T wave inversion at leads V3, V4 and abnormal q at leads I, aVL, V5 and V6. However, no underlying disease could be detected by any ...
Kusumoto Fred M - - 2005
Over the last twenty years internal defibrillation has evolved from an experimental technique into an important adjunctive procedure in the electrophysiology laboratory. Internal deflbrillation is used for treating persistent atrial fibrillation and refractory ventricular arrhythmias. Atrial defibrillation can be performed with several electrode configurations but generally shocks from 1 to ...
Angelilli Allison - - 2005
This is a report of a 41-year-old professional male bodybuilder with a history of active anabolic-androgenic steroid abuse and a normal echocardiogram two years prior to admission who experienced a near-fatal arrhythmia during anaesthetic induction for elective orthopaedic surgery. The patient had severe concentric left ventricular hypertrophy, diffuse left ventricular ...
Márquez Manlio F - - 2005
A 37-year-old man with Brugada syndrome (BrS) and arrhythmic storm is described. One month after implantation of a cardioverter-defibrillator he presented with recurrent appropriate shocks for spontaneous ventricular fibrillation (VF). Because of this arrhythmic storm, quinidine therapy was initiated with total suppression of all spontaneous arrhythmias. He had remained free ...
Dosdall Derek J - - 2005
This paper reviews recent research seeking to provide more efficient device oriented treatments for atrial and ventricular fibrillation to improve implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy. Investigators have proposed and tested many innovative technologies that may be included in future ICDs. Amongst the most promising technologies are combined cardiac resynchronization therapy ...
Ermis Cengiz - - 2005
Implantable cardioverter defibrillators have been shown to provide similar survival benefits for patients who have left ventricular dysfunction due to ischemic heart disease and for subsets of patients who have nonischemic cardiomyopathy. Findings in this study extend these observations by showing that patients who have ischemic or nonischemic heart disease ...
Sharma Arjun - - 2005
We compared 2 studies of implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs) to determine the effects of device mode on outcomes. The Antiarrhythmics Versus Implantable Defibrillators (AVID) trial (1993 to 1997) demonstrated improved survival with the ICD compared with antiarrhythmic drug therapy. The Dual-chamber And VVI Implantable Defibrillator (DAVID) trial (2000 to 2002) ...
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