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Results 301 - 350 of 1016
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Toma Mustafa - - 2006
Numerous trials have demonstrated survival benefits using implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) for primary prevention in selected patients with left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction. However, eligibility criteria differed across these trials. Without a risk stratification scheme that clearly identifies those who will benefit, there remains debate about which patients with heart ...
Faddy Steven C - - 2006
Non-sustained and self-terminating arrhythmias pose a significant challenge during resuscitation. Delivery of a defibrillation shock to a non-shockable rhythm has a poorly understood effect on the heart. The importance of assessing rhythm right up until the delivery of a shock is of increased importance when "blind" shocks are being delivered ...
Calkins Hugh - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Arrhythmogenic right-ventricular dysplasia is a rare inherited disease characterized by right-ventricular dysfunction and ventricular arrhythmias. The purpose of this article is to review recent developments concerning the diagnosis, genetics, and management of patients with this disease. RECENT FINDINGS: In the past few years important new information has ...
Lang Eddy S - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Pulseless ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation are the main causes of sudden cardiac death, but other ventricular tachyarrhythmias can occur without haemodynamic compromise. Ventricular arrhythmias occur mainly as a result of myocardial ischaemia or cardiomyopathies, so risk factors are those of cardiovascular disease. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a ...
Duray Gabor - - 2006
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: The aim of this article is to summarize the most relevant findings of recently published trials on prophylactic implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy. RECENT FINDINGS: A number of important randomized clinical trials on the efficacy of prophylactic implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy in patients deemed to be at ...
Glatter Kathryn A - - 2006
Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD or defibrillator) therapy has revolutionized the fields of cardiology and electrophysiology. Hundreds of thousands of patients at risk for sudden cardiac death receive them each year. The devices are not much larger than a pacemaker, and they have full pacemaker capabilities in addition to being able to ...
Terranova Paolo - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease remains the most common cause of death in the United States and most other Western nations. Among these deaths, sudden, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest claims approximately 1000 lives each day in the United States alone. Most of these cardiac arrests are due to ventricular fibrillation. Though highly reversible ...
Kinoshita Hiroyuki - - 2006
In this study, we have introduced the pattern classifier using the self-organizing map (SOM) for detecting fatal cardiac arrhythmia in implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). The SOM has learned patterns of sinus rhythm, ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia with the feature vectors extracted from electrocardiogram and right ventricular volume measured during an ...
Lederer Wolfgang - - 2006
The likelihood of successful defibrillation in patients with sustained ventricular fibrillation (VF) is increased after administering thrombolytics during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). While dissolution of coronary artery thrombosis resolves the underlying cause of myocardial infarction in the majority of patients, improved microcirculatory reperfusion and alteration of the electrical activity of the ...
Cheng Yuanna - - 2006
Optical mapping of electrical activity in the heart employs digital imaging and voltage-sensitive dyes. These methods have become an increasingly common research tools in basic cardiac electrophysiology. Significant advantages of this approach include simultaneous noncontact recording of entire action potentials free of electrical stimulus-induced artifacts from multiple closely adjacent sites, ...
Fitch David A - - 2006
Studies have investigated the effect of defibrillator paddle position on the efficacy of external electrocardioversion of atrial fibrillation, without agreeing upon an optimal placement. We wish to investigate using esophageal electric fields (EEFs) to predict atrial defibrillation thresholds (ADFTs) on a patient-specific basis. We propose to (1) investigate the relationship ...
Carrim Zia I - - 2006
AIMS: The primary aim of this retrospective study was to determine the proportion of patients with myocardial infarction (MI) who fulfil the criteria of the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial (MADIT) II and the implications of MADIT II criteria in practice. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of three hundred ...
Stratbucker Robert A - - 2006
TASERs deliver electrical pulses that can temporarily incapacitate subjects. The goal of this paper is to analyze the distribution of TASER currents in the heart and understand their chances of triggering cardiac arrhythmias. The models analyzed herein describe strength-duration thresholds for myocyte excitation and ventricular fibrillation induction. Finite element modeling ...
Deakin Charles D - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Compared with monophasic defibrillation, biphasic defibrillation is associated with less myocardial stunning and earlier activation of sodium channels. We therefore hypothesised that earlier sodium channel activation would result in earlier restoration of the first sinus beat following elective DC cardioversion. METHODS: Adults undergoing elective DC cardioversion were randomised to ...
Bloomfield Daniel M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study hypothesized that microvolt T-wave alternans (MTWA) improves selection of patients for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) prophylaxis, especially by identifying patients who are not likely to benefit. BACKGROUND: Many patients with left ventricular dysfunction are now eligible for prophylactic ICDs, but most eligible patients do not benefit; MTWA testing ...
Winterhalter Michael - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Recently it has been shown that biphasic external shocks are more effective in the treatment of ventricular fibrillation (VF) compared with monophasic external shocks in terms of number of defibrillation attempts and maximal energy used for termination of VF. Biphasic defibrillators apply different biphasic impulse forms, depending on technology. ...
Notarstefano Pasquale - - 2005
A 41-year-old man with Brugada syndrome (BS) and no previous episodes of aborted sudden death or syncope referred to local emergency room for an episode of symptomatic atrial fibrillation. Blood chemistry results showed hypokalemia (2.9 mEq/L). The other parameters were within the normal range. After few minutes, an episode of ...
Sanders Gillian D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Eight randomized trials have evaluated whether the prophylactic use of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) improves survival among patients who are at risk for sudden death due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction but who have not had a life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia. We assessed the cost-effectiveness of the ICD in the ...
Berenbom Loren D - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the influence of single- versus dual-chamber implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) on the occurrence of heart failure and mortality as well as appropriate and inappropriate ICD therapy in the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial II (MADIT-II). BACKGROUND: In MADIT-II, ICD therapy in patients with a prior ...
Bryant J - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To consider the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) for arrhythmias. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases. Manufacturer submissions. REVIEW METHODS: A systematic review of the literature on clinical and cost-effectiveness was undertaken. The quality of selected randomised controlled trials (RCTs) was assessed using the Jadad criteria, and ...
Gradaus R - - 2005
Implantation of a transvenous device in patients with a tricuspid valve replacement or a complex congenital heart disease with no access to the right ventricle represents problems. The lack of access to the right ventricle might preclude transvenous placement of a defibrillation lead at ICD implantation. A young patient (21 ...
Yasuda Masayuki - - 2005
A 14-year-old boy was admitted for the evaluation of recurrent syncope. His ECG on admission revealed a sinus rhythm with an undetermined QRS axis, T wave inversion at leads V3, V4 and abnormal q at leads I, aVL, V5 and V6. However, no underlying disease could be detected by any ...
Kusumoto Fred M - - 2005
Over the last twenty years internal defibrillation has evolved from an experimental technique into an important adjunctive procedure in the electrophysiology laboratory. Internal deflbrillation is used for treating persistent atrial fibrillation and refractory ventricular arrhythmias. Atrial defibrillation can be performed with several electrode configurations but generally shocks from 1 to ...
Angelilli Allison - - 2005
This is a report of a 41-year-old professional male bodybuilder with a history of active anabolic-androgenic steroid abuse and a normal echocardiogram two years prior to admission who experienced a near-fatal arrhythmia during anaesthetic induction for elective orthopaedic surgery. The patient had severe concentric left ventricular hypertrophy, diffuse left ventricular ...
Márquez Manlio F - - 2005
A 37-year-old man with Brugada syndrome (BrS) and arrhythmic storm is described. One month after implantation of a cardioverter-defibrillator he presented with recurrent appropriate shocks for spontaneous ventricular fibrillation (VF). Because of this arrhythmic storm, quinidine therapy was initiated with total suppression of all spontaneous arrhythmias. He had remained free ...
Dosdall Derek J - - 2005
This paper reviews recent research seeking to provide more efficient device oriented treatments for atrial and ventricular fibrillation to improve implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy. Investigators have proposed and tested many innovative technologies that may be included in future ICDs. Amongst the most promising technologies are combined cardiac resynchronization therapy ...
Ermis Cengiz - - 2005
Implantable cardioverter defibrillators have been shown to provide similar survival benefits for patients who have left ventricular dysfunction due to ischemic heart disease and for subsets of patients who have nonischemic cardiomyopathy. Findings in this study extend these observations by showing that patients who have ischemic or nonischemic heart disease ...
Sharma Arjun - - 2005
We compared 2 studies of implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs) to determine the effects of device mode on outcomes. The Antiarrhythmics Versus Implantable Defibrillators (AVID) trial (1993 to 1997) demonstrated improved survival with the ICD compared with antiarrhythmic drug therapy. The Dual-chamber And VVI Implantable Defibrillator (DAVID) trial (2000 to 2002) ...
Callaway Clifton W - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ventricular fibrillation occurs during many cases of cardiac arrest and is treated with rescue shocks. Coarse ventricular fibrillation occurs earlier after the onset of cardiac arrest and is more likely to be converted to an organized rhythm with pulses by rescue shocks. Less organized or fine ventricular ...
Begue Jason - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest claims more than 450,000 lives annually in North America. Many communities have dedicated significant resources to provide rapid defibrillator response for patients in ventricular fibrillation. In spite of these efforts, mortality from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest has not improved significantly. Emerging evidence suggests some patients ...
Witte Klaus K A - - 2005
Cardiac resynchronisation therapy improves symptoms and reduces mortality in patients with chronic heart failure. In patients with previously implanted devices, particularly automatic defibrillators, central venous stenoses provide a challenge to upgrading to resynchronisation devices. We present a patient with central venous obstruction secondary to previously implanted defibrillator leads, in whom ...
Mitchell L Brent - - 2005
Sudden death is usually the result of hemodynamically destabilizing ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation. Because the only definitive treatment for ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation is a direct current shock, and because that defibrillating shock must be given very quickly to be effective, the American Heart Association's "chain of survival" approach to ...
Tang Anthony S - - 2005
The Canadian Heart Rhythm Society in conjunction with the Canadian Cardiovascular Society is committed to the promotion of evidence-based practice in Canada. Since the last Canadian guidelines on the management of sudden cardiac death were published in 2000, several well-conducted clinical trials evaluating the implantable cardioverter defibrillator have been completed ...
Plummer Christopher J - - 2005
AIMS: Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have been shown to reduce all-cause mortality in groups of patients at high risk of ventricular arrhythmias. The true incidence of ICD indications is unknown but we hypothesize that it far exceeds the number actually implanted. METHODS: In a one month observational audit, we reviewed ...
Ashwath Mahi Lakshmi - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial II in 2002 recommended implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) prophylactically for all patients with a prior myocardial infarction and ejection fraction (EF) of 30% or less. In June of 2003, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services approved reimbursement for ICD placement in patients ...
Brennan Timothy D - - 2005
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) manifested as ventricular fibrillation or sustained ventricular tachycardia has been a major focus of cardiovascular research for more than three decades. Although mortality in patients with heart failure (HF) caused by left ventricular systolic dysfunction has declined in recent years through effective pharmacotherapeutic strategies, SCD remains ...
Grönefeld Gerian - - 2005
25 years after the first coronary artery patient received an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), many randomized controlled trials on prophylactic ICD therapy have been conducted. Taken together, these trials allow an evidence-based approach to primary prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients after a myocardial infarction. Patients with chronic ischemic ...
Anastasiou-Nana Maria I - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial ischemia and the mode of ventricular fibrillation (VF) induction influence the ventricular defibrillation threshold (DFT). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of transient regional left ventricular (LV) ischemia on the DFT. METHODS: Ventricular effective refractory period (ERP), ventricular fibrillation threshold (VFT), and ...
Walsh Simon J - - 2005
The modern generation of transthoracic defibrillators now employ impedance compensated biphasic waveforms. These new devices are superior to those with monophasic waveforms and practice is currently switching to biphasic defibrillators for the treatment of both ventricular and atrial fibrillation. However, there is no universal guideline for the use of biphasic ...
Tanno Kaoru - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial (MADIT) II investigators concluded that prophylactic use of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) improved survival in patients with prior myocardial infarction (MI) and reduced the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). However, it is unclear whether MADIT II criteria for ICD implantation are appropriate ...
Thong Tran - - 2005
Using R-R interval history from 24-hour Holter recorders along with R-R interval history from implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD), a particular monotonic heart rhythm acceleration pattern during sinus rhythm, when used as a predictor of an imminent episode of ventricular tachyarrhythmia, can achieve a sensitivity of 44% with corresponding specificity of ...
Riahi Sam - - 2005
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the incidence of ventricular arrhythmias and heart rate variability were influenced by statin treatment and lipid levels in patients treated with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Heart rate variability measurements were performed in 86 patients with coronary heart disease and an ...
Stevenson William G - - 2004
All physicians increasingly will encounter patients who have implanted cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) for protection from ventricular arrhythmias. This advisory provides a concise summary relevant to the assessment and management of patients with ICDs, including those who present to primary care or emergency department physicians with symptoms suggesting arrhythmia or ICD malfunction ...
Hohnloser Stefan H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy has been shown to improve survival in patients with various heart conditions who are at high risk for ventricular arrhythmias. Whether benefit occurs in patients early after myocardial infarction is unknown. METHODS: We conducted the Defibrillator in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial, a randomized, open-label comparison ...
Gunderson Bruce D - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this analysis was to test an algorithm that identifies implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) lead problems before clinical failure and/or inappropriate therapy. BACKGROUND: The ICD lead failures typically present as inappropriate shock therapy. Identifying lead failures before their clinical presentation may prevent patient discomfort, improve device longevity, and ...
Kaup H J - - 2004
To prevent sudden cardiac death of patients who are at risk from long standing tachyarrhythmia the implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is the first choice therapy. ICDs use a range of electrostimuli up to defibrillation, which is a non synchronous high energy shock, whereas cardioversion is synchronous with the ECG. In ...
Müller S - - 2004
Commercially available cardiac pacemakers and implantable cardioverters/defibrillators (ICD) predominantly use the intracardiac derived electrocardiogram (ECG) for detection of arrhythmias. To achieve an automatic control of the heart frequency in accordance with cardiovascular strain and an improved detection of life-threatening arrhythmias, it is desirable to monitor the heart by an input ...
Chattipakorn Siriporn - - 2004
Sudden cardiac death is a major health problem in most industrialized countries around the world including Thailand. It is mainly caused by ventricular fibrillation (VF). Currently, defibrillation is the only effective clinical treatment of this fatal arrhythmia. Although defibrillation mechanism has been investigated extensively for many decades, its definite mechanism ...
Zareba Wojciech - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the past few years, new clinical trials were conducted to determine the effectiveness of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) for prevention of mortality in patients with ischemic and nonischemic cardiomyopathies. This paper aims to provide an overview of the current state of knowledge regarding ICD therapy in ...
Zangwill Steven D - - 2004
Commotio cordis is ventricular fibrillation that results from blunt chest trauma and is a life threatening condition; early resuscitation and defibrillation are critical. This may occur during sporting events or from child abuse and most patients are boys who are younger than 16 years. Commotio cordis' prognosis depends on the ...
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