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Results 301 - 350 of 1234
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Bennett Matthew T - - 2010
Right ventricular failure after orthotopic heart transplantation is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. We report the use of a paracardiac microaxial pump, the Impella RD, as a bridge to recovery in a patient with right ventricular infarction after orthotopic heart transplantation.
Martinek Martin - - 2010
This case study shows a young male presenting a mixture of two disease entities: (1) Brugada syndrome with a nearly-normal baseline electrocardiogram and positive Ajmaline drug challenge as well as (2) idiopathic ventricular fibrillation including extremely short-coupled monomorphic ventricular premature beats (VPB) triggering ventricular fibrillation (coupling interval 318 ± 21 ...
Shome Shibaji - - 2010
Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) have been shown in various clinical trials to prevent mortality from sudden cardiac death due to unstable rhythms or ventricular fibrillation. Modern ICDs use sophisticated algorithms to not only deliver therapy on the detection of a malignant rhythm but also reduce the incidence of inappropriate shocks through ...
Zhou Zhengyu - - 2010
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of defibrillation on children according to AHA 2005 recommendations Pig resembles human in the chest configuration, anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems. Piglets weighing 7.0 Kg ± 1.4kg, 14.0kg ± 2.8kg, 25.0kg ± 5.0kg respectively, which represented children 1 to 8 ...
Nishisato Kimio - - 2010
Despite widespread prophylactic use of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy, sudden cardiac death and refractory arrhythmia events are still important clinical issues to be overcome. We examined whether the impairment of cardiac sympathetic innervation and myocardial perfusion is responsible for lethal arrhythmic events and has prognostic value by comparing conventional ...
Kumar Saurabh - - 2010
Sudden death risk is highest early after myocardial infarction (MI). Inducible ventricular tachycardia (VT) confers increased risk of spontaneous ventricular arrhythmias. The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcomes of electrophysiology (EP)-guided defibrillator implantation early after ST-elevation MI in patients with ejection fraction ≤40%. EP study was performed 9 ...
Atary Jael Z - - 2010
Myocardial excitability is known (amongst other reasons) to be related to the degree of ischaemia, contractile dysfunction and heart failure. It was hypothesized that the right ventricular (RV) stimulation threshold has prognostic value with respect to the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) and patient survival in recipients of an implantable ...
Skhirtladze Keso - - 2010
Early defibrillation clearly improves survival from malignant arrhythmia. However, in some cases the cause of death will only be altered from arrhythmic to nonarrhythmic. We evaluated the impact of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) on trend and recovery profile of beat-to-beat cardiac output (CO) and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) ...
Harris Scott - - 2010
Background. Indications for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) in heart failure (HF) are expanding and may include more than 1 million patients. This study examined patient expectations from ICDs for primary prevention of sudden death in HF. Methods and Results. Study participants (n=105) had an ejection fraction <35% and symptomatic HF without ...
Kanoupakis Emmanuel M - - 2010
We investigated prospectively whether serum markers of collagen turnover could be used as predictors for the occurrence of malignant ventricular arrhythmias in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDC) who had received an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) for primary prevention. Extracellular matrix alterations in NIDC might provide electrical heterogeneity, thus potentially contributing ...
Guidoin Robert - - 2010
Thanks to minimally invasive procedures, frail and elderly patients can also benefit from innovative technologies. More than 14 million implanted pacemakers deliver impulses to the heart muscle to regulate the heart rate (treating bradycardias and blocks). The first human implantation of defibrillators was performed in early 2000. The defibrillator detects ...
Kramer Efraim - - 2010
Football is the most popular sport on earth. When a young, fit popular player suddenly collapses and dies during play, the tragic event is frequently screened and publicised worldwide. The reported incidence of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) varies from 1:65,000 to 1:200,000 athletes. A broad spectrum of cardiac and non-cardiac ...
Stouffer Chadwick W - - 2010
Pacemaker and implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) leads are placed routinely with few notable complications. A rarely described complication of transvenous lead placement is malpositioning into the left ventricle. This situation can cause additional complications in the form of thromboembolic events. We present a case of a malpositioned left ventricular lead ...
- - 2010
This review examines whether the use of automated external defibrillators by first-responders improves the survival of adults who suffer cardiopulmonary arrest. We also examined the risks associated with these devices, based on a review of the literature using the standard Prescrire methodology. Automated external defibrillators detect ventricular fibrillation with almost ...
Parade U - - 2010
HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS: A 65-year-old male patient with rapid increasing shortness of breath and newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation was admitted to our hospital. INVESTIGATIONS: The ECG revealed atrial fibrillation. Echocardiography showed severe decreased left ventricular function. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan confirmed the severe reduced left ventricular function ...
Bardy Gust H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) prevent sudden death from cardiac causes in selected patients but require the use of transvenous lead systems. To eliminate the need for venous access, we designed and tested an entirely subcutaneous ICD system. METHODS: First, we conducted two short-term clinical trials to identify a suitable device ...
Jimenez Alejandro - - 2010
We describe a case of pacemaker/implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) interaction in a single system causing failure to detect induced ventricular fibrillation (VF) in an 83-year-old man with ischemic cardiomyopathy. He underwent an ICD generator replacement due to battery depletion. In addition, a right atrial lead was placed to treat symptomatic bradycardia. ...
Lochy Stijn - - 2010
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a disease where therapy with an internal cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is frequently indicated, but the use of these devices is often challenged because of sensing dysfunction with low right ventricular sensing amplitude. We present the case of an ARVC patient in whom ICD sensing ...
Murgatroyd Francis D - - 2010
AIMS: The Secura ICD and Consulta CRT-D are the first defibrillators to have automatic right atrial (RA), right ventricular (RV), and left ventricular (LV) capture management (CM). Complete CM was evaluated in an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) population. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two prospective clinical studies were conducted in 28 centres ...
Li Yongqin - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The current standard of manual chest compression during cardiopulmonary resuscitation requires pauses for rhythm analysis and shock delivery. However, interruptions of chest compression greatly decrease the likelihood of successful defibrillations, and significantly better outcomes are reported if this interruption is avoided. We therefore undertook a prospective randomized controlled animal ...
Takahashi Atsushi - - 2010
Previous studies indicated that women were less likely to experience ventricular arrhythmia recurrence than men among patients with coronary artery disease and implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). However, it is not clear whether the risk for ventricular tachyarrhythmia is gender-dependent in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. This study included 173 consecutive ...
Lederer W - - 2010
Improved microcirculatory reperfusion in patients with ventricular fibrillation (VF) enhances the electrical activity of the fibrillation process and increases the likelihood of successful defibrillation. Changes in amplitude spectrum area (AMSA) and mean fibrillation (MF) in patients with sustained VF were analysed after administration of rt-PA variant tenecteplase in out-of-hospital cardiac ...
Niemann James T - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to measure the local electrical field or potential gradient, measured with a catheter-based system, required to terminate long duration electrically or ischaemically induced ventricular fibrillation (VF). We hypothesized that prolonged ischaemic VF would be more difficult to terminate when compared to electrically induced VF ...
Nair Krishnakumar - - 2010
Two cases of "locked-in" sensitivity in the managed ventricular pacing mode are reported. Patient A was a 22-year-old man with a history of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy and a prophylactic dual-chamber automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator who manifested paradoxic T-wave oversensing on the ventricular lead at a sensitivity setting of 1.2 mV but ...
Choy Bonnie - - 2010
Obesity has been identified as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and heart failure. However, data regarding the relation of body mass index (BMI) to outcome in patients with established heart failure are conflicting. We examined the risk of all-cause mortality and sudden cardiac death (SCD) in 1,231 patients after ...
Lin Lian-Yu - - 2010
AIMS: Repeated failed shocks for ventricular fibrillation (VF) in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OOHCA) can worsen the outcome. It is very important to rapidly distinguish between early and late VF. We hypothesised that VF waveform analysis based on detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) can help predict successful defibrillation. METHODS: Electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings ...
Obeyesekere Manoj N - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) significantly reduce mortality in patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. However, little is known of the predictors of appropriate device activation in the primary prevention population. The aim of the present study was to determine predictors of appropriate device therapy in patients receiving ICDs for ...
Val-Mejias Jesus E - - 2010
Advanced cardiac disease, entailing more hypertrophy, fibrosis, scarring, dilatation and conduction delays, poses the question of whether defibrillation thresholds (DFTs) increase as left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) decreases. This question has been approached indirectly or insufficiently in previous studies. In this study we add and expand on our previous work, ...
Ota Hisanobu - - 2010
In December 2007, a woman was involved in a traffic accident. At first, her vital signs were normal, but electrocardiogram showed ST-segment elevation in the inferior leads. She was diagnosed as a blunt chest trauma-induced myocardial infarction. Her right coronary angiography showed total occlusion. She underwent an emergency coronary artery ...
Berlot G - - 2010
Evidence of cardiovascular toxicity is present in the majority of tricyclic antidepressant overdoses. We report the case of a 63-year-old woman admitted to our department with a severe amitriptyline poisoning. The ECG at admission showed a pattern mimicking an acute anteroseptal subepicardial infarction. This pattern persisted for 11 days. Myocardial ...
van Els?cker Andr? - - 2010
Programming maximum right ventricular output in a patient with a biventricular implanted cardioverter defibrillator resulted in ventricular oversensing and ventricular safety pacing in the same cardiac cycle.
Ota Masaki - - 2010
A 67-year-old man suffered an acute anteroseptal myocardial infarction complicated by multiple episodes of ventricular fibrillation, which were not systematically defibrillated by maximum, internal 35-J shocks delivered by an implanted cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). He had suffered from acute inferior myocardial infarction 6 years earlier, complicated with sustained polymorphic ventricular tachycardia ...
Hanefeld Christoph - - 2010
Immediate defibrillation is the decisive determinant of prognosis in patients suffering from cardiac/circulatory arrest caused by ventricular fibrillation (VF). Therefore, various national and international associations recommend that first responders use defibrillators as soon as possible and also recommend public access to early defibrillation programmes. Here we report the results of ...
Van Herendael Hugo - - 2010
Amiodarone has emerged as the leading antiarrhythmic therapy for termination and prevention of ventricular arrhythmia in different clinical settings because of its proven efficacy and safety. In patients with shock refractory out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and hemodynamically destabilizing ventricular arrhythmia, amiodarone is the most effective drug available to assist in resuscitation. ...
Nakstad Anders Rostrup - - 2010
A 48-year-old previously healthy woman suffered witnessed cardiac arrest in hospital. She achieved return of spontaneous circulation and was transferred to the intensive care unit. During the following 3 hours, she suffered a cardiac electrical storm with 98 episodes of Torsade de Pointes ventricular tachycardia rapidly degenerating to ventricular fibrillation. ...
Yang Lin L Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou 215004, - - 2010
Resuscitation after cardiac arrest (CA) with a whole-body ischemia-reperfusion injury causes brain injury and multiple organ dysfunction (MODS). This study aimed to determine whether mild systemic hypothermia could decrease multiple organ dysfunctions after resuscitation from cardiac arrest. The patients who had been resuscitated after cardiac arrest were reviewed. During the ...
Sherrid Mark V - - 2009
Electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities are common in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) and have been associated with the distribution of left ventricular hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis. Such abnormalities may predispose patients to electrophysiologic instability, ventricular arrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death (SCD). We studied 330 patients with HC who were judged clinically to be ...
Dosdall Derek J DJ Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Disease, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA. - - 2010
While reentry within the ventricular myocardium (VM) is responsible for the maintenance of short-duration ventricular fibrillation (SDVF; VF duration <1 minute), Purkinje fibers (PFs) are important in the maintenance of long-duration ventricular fibrillation (LDVF; VF duration >1 minute). The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the ...
Kamath Ganesh S - - 2009
The implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy is an established intervention for the prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in patients with significant left ventricular dysfunction. Multiple randomized clinical trials have studied the use of ICD for the primary and secondary SCD. These studies were performed in patients with left ventricular dysfunction ...
Ayoub Chakib M - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Ventricular fibrillation is common after aortic cross-clamp release in patients undergoing open-heart surgeries. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of the prophylactic administration of 150 mg amiodarone by way of the pump 2 min before release of aortic cross-clamp in preventing ventricular fibrillation. ...
Khan Aslam - - 2009
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD), also known as arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, is a genetic cause for sudden cardiac arrest. In ARVD, there is progressive replacement of normal myocytes, with fat and fibrous tissue, predominantly in the right ventricle that predisposes the individual to arrhythmias. Patients who are identified with ...
Wu Ming-Chya - - 2009
Ventricular fibrillation (VF) is known to be the most dangerous cardiac arrhythmia, frequently leading to sudden cardiac death (SCD). During VF, cardiac output drops to nil and, unless the fibrillation is promptly halted, death usually ensues within minutes. While delivering life saving electrical shocks is a method of preventing SCD, ...
Meyer Christian - - 2009
The occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) who are treated with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) for primary or secondary prevention is not fully understood. In this nonrandomized, two-centre, observational study we analyzed the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias in a total of 105 DCM patients (age, ...
Shelton Rhidian J - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure commonly coexist. Restoring sinus rhythm using external direct current cardioversion (DCCV) may improve left ventricular function, exercise capacity and quality of life (QoL). However, DCCV may be less successful at restoring sinus rhythm in patients with heart failure. We aimed to determine whether biphasic ...
Lee Byron K - - 2009
Cardiac arrest is a vexing public health problem. Fortunately, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) have been proven to decrease overall mortality in several populations at high risk for cardiac arrest. However, it is still unclear how to treat patients who have an elevated risk of cardiac arrest but are not in one ...
Aktas Mehmet K - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy is well established in preventing sudden cardiac death in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. The influence of right ventricular (RV) function on ICD therapy for sudden cardiac death (SCD) is not known. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 222 patients receiving an ICD for primary prevention of ...
Thiene Gaetano - - 2010
Hospital mortality for acute myocardial infarction declined from 30% to 10% in the last 30 years, thanks to coronary care units and early revascularization with thrombolysis, angioplasty, and stent implantation. Pathologists played a major role by establishing plaque rupture and coronary thrombosis as the major cause of acute myocardial infarction ...
Asaad Nidal - - 2010
We report a 33-year-old man with recurrent loss of consciousness due to ventricular tachyarrhythmia with a history of Friedreich's ataxia. The patient's symptom was improved after implantation of a single-lead implantable cardiac defibrillator. The clinical, genetic, echocardiographic, and electrocardiographic features are discussed in brief.
de Jong Jonas S S G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) constitutes one of the most prevalent modes of death and is mainly caused by primary ventricular fibrillation (VF), that is, VF in the acute setting of a first acute myocardial infarction (MI). Current guidelines for secondary prevention of SCD are based on data from the ...
T?rko?lu Cengizhan - - 2009
Monitoring intrathoracic impedance has become an integral part of follow-up of patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) or cardiac resynchronization therapy/defibrillator due to heart failure. However, several noncardiac factors may influence intrathoracic impedance. We report on an unusual cause of decrease in intrathoracic impedance in a 54-year-old male patient following ...
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