Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1016
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Indik Julia H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Future automated external defibrillators are being designed to direct rescue efforts (chest compressions first vs. defibrillation) by inferring the duration of ventricular fibrillation based on its waveform characteristics such as frequency content. This approach assumes that the ventricular fibrillation waveform is an appropriate surrogate for ventricular fibrillation duration and ...
Tang Liang - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: A failed near-threshold defibrillation shock is followed by an isoelectric window (IEW) and rapid repetitive responses that reinitiate ventricular fibrillation (VF). We hypothesized that properly timed (synchronized) postshock pacing stimuli (SyncP) may capture the recovered tissues during the repetitive responses and prevent postshock reinitiation of VF, resulting in improved ...
Lozano Inigo - - 2008
Coronary fistulas to cardiac chambers are an infrequent anomaly and usually are found casually. Although the majority of patients are asymptomatic, in rare cases it may cause coronary steal and cardiac ischemia. We present a patient with a left anterior descending coronary artery with multiple small fistulas to the left ...
Scolari Diogo - - 2008
This paper deals with automatic recognition of cardiac arrhythmias that require immediate electrical defibrillation therapy (ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia), through ECG (electrocardiogram) samples. The DD-HMM (discrete density hidden Markov model) and RBF (radial basis function) neural network algorithms were compared in the following aspects: precision, defined as correct recognition ...
García-González Martín J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The known etiology of acute lung injury (ALI) is immensely varied and includes severe burns and trauma. Electrical and multiple defibrillation shocks can cause cutaneous burns and blunt chest trauma. The literature contains no reference to the association between ALI and cutaneous burns or blunt chest trauma secondary to ...
Stiell Ian G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is little clear evidence as to the optimal energy levels for initial and subsequent shocks in biphasic waveform defibrillation. The present study compared fixed lower- and escalating higher-energy regimens for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Randomized Controlled Trial to Compare Fixed Versus Escalating Energy Regimens for ...
Sakai Yoshitaka - - 2007
A 74-year-old patient with isolated noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium (INVM) underwent implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantation because of sustained ventricular tachycardia. The post operative course was complicated by perforation of the right ventricular free wall by the ICD lead. The type of the active fixation transvenous ICD lead and ...
Casella Michela - - 2007
The case of a 57-year-old woman with a longstanding history of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in dilatative phase and incessant monomorphic ventricular tachycardia is reported. Endocardial recordings and electroanatomic mapping suggested local reentry involving right ventricular apical septum, close to a pacing/defibrillation lead tip. Radiofrequency pulses delivered at this site resulted ...
Jagric Timotej - - 2007
A significant proportion of patients with ventricular fibrillation (VF) can only be defibrillated after a period of chest compressions and ventilation before the defibrillation attempt. In these patients, unsuccessful defibrillations increase the duration of heart arrest and reduce the possibility of a successful resuscitation, which could be avoided if a ...
Veltmann Christian - - 2007
Introduction: Inappropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy carries a low but relevant risk of ventricular proarrhythmia. In the present case, the extremely rare event of a fatal arrhythmia caused by inappropriate therapy is reported. Dislodgement of the ventricular lead to the level of the tricuspid annulus led to additional sensing ...
Boriani Giuseppe - - 2007
This viewpoint article discusses the potential for incorporation of atrial defibrillation capabilities in modern multi-chamber devices. In the late 1990s, the possibility of using shock-only therapy to treat selected patients with recurrent atrial fibrillation (AF) was explored in the context of the stand-alone atrial defibrillator. The failure of this strategy ...
Dosdall Derek J - - 2007
Earliest recorded postshock myocardial activations in pigs originate in the subepicardium of the apex and lateral free wall of the left ventricle (LV) 30-90 ms after the shock. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the Purkinje system is a candidate for the source of postshock activations by ...
Liu Chung-Pin - - 2007
With rapid improvements in technology and accumulation of clinical evidence, the implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) has become a standard treatment for either primary or secondary prevention of sudden cardiac death. However, no analysis based on the perspective of emergency department has been reported, and managing patients with ICD remains a ...
Chou Chung-Chuan - - 2007
We hypothesize that remodelling of action potential and intracellular calcium (Ca(i)) dynamics in the peri-infarct zone contributes to ventricular arrhythmogenesis in the postmyocardial infarction setting. To test this hypothesis, we performed simultaneous optical mapping of Ca(i) and membrane potential (V(m)) in the left ventricle in 15 rabbit hearts with myocardial ...
Perkins Gavin D - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Rapid defibrillation is the most effective strategy for establishing return of spontaneous circulation following cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation. The aim of this study is to measure the delay due to of charging the defibrillator during chest compression in an attempt to reduce the duration of the pre-shock ...
Ypenburg Claudia - - 2007
Intrathoracic impedance measurement has been introduced in the InSync Sentry biventricular implantable cardioverter-defibrillator and may permit the early identification of pulmonary fluid accumulation secondary to left-sided heart failure (HF). An audible alarm (the OptiVol alert) can be triggered when the impedance index increases to greater than a predefined level of ...
Vats Hemender S - - 2007
A 45-year-old man was diagnosed with new-onset atrial fibrillation. Control of ventricular rate led to spontaneous conversion to sinus rhythm. Subsequent electrocardiograms revealed ST segment changes characteristic of Brugada syndrome. Electrophysiology study demonstrated inducible ventricular fibrillation. During the placement of an implantable cardiac defibrillator the patient was found to have ...
Zhang Li - - 2007
A 45-year-old man had life-threatening recurrent idiopathic ventricular fibrillation and persistent cardiogenic shock develop. The episodes of ventricular fibrillation were refractory to aggressive medical management; therefore an Abiomed AB5000 bi-ventricular support system was implanted for arrhythmia control. The device was able to maintain hemodynamic stability during the following 2 weeks. ...
Levy Deborah R - - 2007
We present a case of a previously healthy 17 year-old white male boy scout who collapsed after a lightning strike, and was found to be in ventricular fibrillation when emergency medical services arrived. The ventricular fibrillation was defibrillated into sinus rhythm after a single direct current (DC) countershock. However, the ...
Norris Robin - - 2007
The outcome of acute myocardial infarction is usually settled before the patient reaches hospital, because ventricular fibrillation, when it occurs, is most common soon after the onset of symptoms. Ventricular fibrillation can be treated as effectively by ambulance personnel as in hospital, and many more deaths can be prevented, mainly ...
Lopez J Alberto - - 2007
A 40-year-old man was admitted to our institution with mild heart failure symptoms, including palpitations and near syncope. Twenty-eight years earlier, he had undergone a Mustard operation to correct d-transposition of the great vessels. At the present admission, echocardiography revealed severe right (systemic) ventricular dysfunction. Continuous monitoring also showed sinus-node ...
Lopez J Alberto - - 2006
We report the first successful totally percutaneous pacing and defibrillation of a single ventricle in a 52-year-old woman who had undergone a classic Fontan operation (atriopulmonary connection) for tricuspid atresia 21 years earlier. Left ventricular pacing and sensing was obtained with a bipolar lead in the lateral cardiac vein, and ...
Dager William E - - 2006
Cardiac arrest and sudden cardiac death remain major causes of mortality. Early intervention has been facilitated by emergency medical response systems and the development of training programs in basic life support and advanced cardiac life support (ACLS). Despite the implementation of these programs, the likelihood of a meaningful outcome in ...
Chang Yun-Te - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The effects of two clinically available biphasic waveforms on the success of defibrillation and postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction after prolonged ventricular fibrillation were compared with two newly designed dual-path sequential and simultaneous rectilinear biphasic waveforms. Defibrillation via sequential pulses and encircling, overlapping multiple pathway may depolarize a larger myocardial mass ...
Hatton Kevin W - - 2006
We describe multiple failed external defibrillation attempts via rescue defibrillation pads for ventricular fibrillation that occurred secondary to direct electrical current transmission through the pericardial sac from electrocautery during robot-assisted internal mammary harvest. Only after resumption of two-lung ventilation and decompression of the iatrogenic pneumothorax was the patient successfully defibrillated. ...
Budde Thomas - - 2006
Primary and secondary prevention of sudden cardiac death is not sufficiently assured by medication. The (automatic) implantable cardioverter/defibrillator ((A)ICD) is able to terminate life-threatening arrhythmias (ventricular fibrillation/flutter, ventricular tachycardia) reliably. The identification and care of risk patients is of crucial importance. Initially, only survived resuscitation for ventricular fibrillation or ventricular ...
Kudenchuk Peter J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although biphasic, as compared with monophasic, waveform defibrillation for cardiac arrest is increasing in use and popularity, whether it is truly a more lifesaving waveform is unproven. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive adults with nontraumatic out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest were randomly allocated to defibrillation according to the waveform from ...
Heidbüchel Hein - - 2006
This consensus paper on behalf of the Study Group on Sports Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology follows a previous one on guidelines for sports participation in competitive and recreational athletes with supraventricular arrhythmias and pacemakers. The question of imminent life-threatening arrhythmias is especially relevant when some form of ...
Walsh Simon J - - 2006
AIMS: To investigate the feasibility and efficacy of novel low-tilt biphasic waveforms in transvenous cardioversion of atrial fibrillation (AF), delivered by a radiofrequency-powered defibrillator. METHODS AND RESULTS: The investigation was performed in three phases in an animal model of AF: a feasibility and efficacy study (in 10 adult Large White ...
Fang Xiangshao - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction has been recognized as a leading cause of early death after initially successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation. We have previously demonstrated that opening adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive K (KATP) channels or activation of delta-opioid receptors minimized the severity of postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction and increased the duration of postresuscitation survival. ...
Edelson Dana P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and electrical defibrillation are the primary treatment options for ventricular fibrillation (VF). While recent studies have shown that providing CPR prior to defibrillation may improve outcomes, the effects of CPR quality remain unclear. Specifically, the clinical effects of compression depth and pauses in chest compression prior ...
Claassen, N; Department of ...
Background Sudden cardiac death related to exercise is an uncommon problem, but is perhaps the single biggest challenge to sports medicine practitioners. Although the overall risk of death due to cardiac causes is substantially reduced in those who exercise regularly, the risk is temporarily increased during exercise. The causes of ...
Fox David J - - 2006
Increasing numbers of patients with indwelling single- or dual- chamber internal cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) will require upgrading of an existing system to a biventricular ICD providing cardiac resynchronization with back-up defibrillation. Upgrading, usually by the addition of a new left ventricular (LV) lead, can be technically challenging with central venous ...
Cram Peter - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are highly effective at preventing cardiac arrest, but their availability is limited by high cost. Automated external defibrillators (AEDs) are likely to be less effective, but also less expensive. We used decision analysis to evaluate the clinical and economic trade-offs of AEDs, ICDs, and emergency ...
Sadanaga Tsuneaki - - 2006
We performed a pilsicainide challenge test in a 38-year-old man who was resuscitated from ventricular fibrillation without apparent baseline electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormality. His father had a history of ventricular fibrillation and his brother had multiple episodes of syncope. Pilsicainide (1 mg/kg) induced short coupled ventricular premature beats followed by repetitive ...
Sanghvi Neil K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Programmed electrical stimulation of the heart as a method to induce tachyarrhythmias has been described since the 1960s. To date, no study has examined optimal drive cycle length in the induction of ventricular fibrillation (VF) during defibrillation threshold testing after implantable cardioverter-defibrillator placement. We hypothesized that longer drive cycle ...
Geddes Leslie A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to document the biochemical changes during ventricular fibrillation (VF) with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and to identify factors associated with postdefibrillation pulseless electrical activity (PD-PEA). BACKGROUND: It has been reliably estimated that as much as 60% of out-of-hospital sudden cardiac death can be attributed ...
Occhetta Eraldo - - 2006
AIMS: The development of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) with QRS morphology discrimination and dual-chamber sensing capabilities has improved the differentiation of supraventricular from ventricular tachycardias (VTs). Inappropriate ICD discharges may result from extracardiac signals caused by electromagnetic interference (EMI), because of electric fields and leakage currents from domestic or medical electrical ...
Kantharia Bharat K - - 2006
Current generations of implantable cardioverter defibrillators are capable of providing sophisticated dual chamber atrioventricular and rate-responsive pacing therapies, and even cardiac resynchronization therapy. Appropriate programming of the devices is necessary for them to perform all such sophisticated tasks. In this report, we describe a case where detection of ventricular tachycardia ...
Kolb Christof - - 2006
The case of a 54-year-old patient with severe coronary artery disease and storms of ventricular tachyarrhythmias is presented. On the replacement of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator due to battery depletion, he suffered life-threatening complications associated with arrhythmia induction. Performing a routine induction of ventricular arrhythmias on the occasion of pulse ...
Haghjoo Majid - - 2006
Despite considerable progress in the management of coronary artery disease and dilated cardiomyopathy, a substantial proportion of patients remains at the risk of life-threatening arrhythmic events. The Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation II and Sudden Cardiac Death Heart Failure studies have conclusively demonstrated that prophylactic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy reduces mortality ...
Kapetanopoulos Athanasios - - 2006
A persistent left superior vena cava was discovered in a 66-year-old man with heart failure undergoing implantation of a biventricular pacing and defibrillator device. An active fixation right ventricular defibrillator lead was placed through a curved guiding catheter. A sub-selection catheter and a guidewire allowed the engagement of a posterior-lateral ...
Pedrote Alonso - - 2006
A paediatric patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) presented cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation. Ventricular arrhythmias were not induced in an electrophysiological study, but an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) was implanted. Nine months later, the child experienced a recurrence of cardiac arrest during exercise, which was successfully treated with a ...
Goldenberg Ilan - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to assess the effect of elapsed time from coronary revascularization (CR) on the benefit of the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) and the risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in patients with ischemic left ventricular dysfunction. BACKGROUND: The ICD improves survival in appropriately selected high-risk cardiac patients ...
Rashba Eric J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Atrial defibrillation can be achieved with a conventional dual-coil, active pectoral implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) lead system. Shocking vectors that incorporate an additional electrode in the CS have been used, but it is unclear if they improve atrial DFTs. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this prospective, randomized study was to determine ...
Bilchick Kenneth C - - 2006
Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are frequently offered to patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C). Yet ICDs in these patients may be complicated by poor sensed amplitudes resulting from fatty and fibrous tissue replacement of right ventricular myocardium. We present the case of a patient with ARVD/C who had inappropriate ...
Kitamura Satoko - - 2006
BACKGROUND: As a result of longer follow-up after implantation of cardioverter defibrillators (ICD), fatigue of the leads has become a concern. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and clinical presentation of ICD lead failures. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population consisted of 241 patients with 249 ...
Traub Darren - - 2006
Aging is associated with structural alterations in the heart that predispose the elderly to life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. The majority of sudden cardiac deaths occur in people aged 65 and older. As the proportion of elderly in our population continues to grow, a greater number of elderly patients with malignant ventricular ...
Cattermole G - - 2006
Successful defibrillation of a patient with dextrocardia using conventional anterolateral paddle positions raises doubts about the necessity to place paddles in the exact recommended positions. Evidence found relates either to volunteers in a laboratory setting or to defibrillation of atrial arrhythmias. The conclusion is that there is no published difference ...
Gunderson Bruce D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) lead failures often present as inappropriate shock therapy. An algorithm that can reliably discriminate between ventricular tachyarrhythmias and noise due to lead failure may prevent patient discomfort and anxiety and avoid device-induced proarrhythmia by preventing inappropriate ICD shocks. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this analysis was to ...
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