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Results 201 - 250 of 1343
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Zhou Jizi J Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China (J.Z., Yu.Z., Q.Z., Yi.Z., X.L., Y.Y.); Children's Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China (Y.G., C.C., C.Z.); and Shanghai Key Laboratory of Female Reproductive Endocrine-Related Diseases, Shanghai, China - - 2014
In most cases, the clinical importance of fetal isolated mild tricuspid valve regurgitation is not known. This study evaluated the relationship between fetal isolated mild tricuspid regurgitation in the general obstetric population and postnatal congenital cardiac disorders. Detailed fetal echocardiography was done between 18 and 24 weeks' gestation to detect ...
Plourde Benoit B Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Quebec City, QC, - - 2014
For individuals and the society as a whole, the increased risk of sudden cardiac death in obese patients is becoming a major challenge, especially since obesity prevalence has been increasing steadily around the globe. Traditional risk factors and obesity often coexist. Hypertension, diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea and metabolic syndrome are ...
Yu Cheuk-Man CM Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics; Institute of Vascular Medicine; Institute of Innovative Medicine; Heart Education and Research Training (HEART) Center; and Li Ka Shing Institute of Health Sciences; Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong - - 2014
We report the results of long-term follow-up of the Pacing to Avoid Cardiac Enlargement (PACE) trial, a prospective, double-blinded, randomized, multicentre study that confirmed the superiority of biventricular (BiV) pacing compared with right ventricular apical (RVA) pacing in prevention of LV adverse remodelling and deterioration of systolic function at 1 ...
Ahmed Khurshid K Binawaluya Cardiac Center, 13750 Jakarta, - - 2014
Ideal positioning of left ventricular (LV) pacing lead in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is technically demanding. This case aims to place LV lead in anterolateral branch of coronary sinus (CS) using collateral route blindly. Externalization via the CS ostium using collaterals retrogrogradely, which was not visible in initial balloon occlusion ...
Weerasooriya Rukshen R University of Western Australia, Crawley, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Hollywood Private Hospital, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) is now one of the most frequently performed ablation procedures, but there are currently 2 important challenges: achieving permanent/durable rather than transient pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) and improving the results of ablation for the wider patient population with persistent AF. Recent technical advances in ...
Ozturk Cengiz C Department of Cardiology, Eskisehir Military Hospital, Eskisehir, - - 2014
Ozturk C, Aparci M, Cakmak T, Metin S, Balta S, Sen A. Atrial fibrillation presented with syncope in a jet pilot during daily briefing on squadron. Aviat Space Environ Med 2014; 85:965-9. Syncope may be the initial clinical presentation of atrial fibrillation (AF) and has a great potential for incapacitation ...
Hamirani Yasmin S YS Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, - - 2014
The goal of this systematic analysis is to provide a comprehensive review of the current cardiac magnetic resonance data on microvascular obstruction (MVO) and intramyocardial hemorrhage (IMH). Data related to the association of MVO and IMH in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) with left ventricular (LV) function, volumes, adverse ...
van Kranenburg Matthijs M Department of Cardiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Radiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of microvascular obstruction (MO) and infarct size as a percentage of left ventricular mass (IS%LV), as measured by contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance, in predicting major cardiovascular adverse events (MACE) at 2 years in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction reperfused by ...
Brown Armand O AO Dept. of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, United States of - - 2014
Hospitalization of the elderly for invasive pneumococcal disease is frequently accompanied by the occurrence of an adverse cardiac event; these are primarily new or worsened heart failure and cardiac arrhythmia. Herein, we describe previously unrecognized microscopic lesions (microlesions) formed within the myocardium of mice, rhesus macaques, and humans during bacteremic ...
Fox H H Department of Cardiology, Heart and Diabetes Center North Rhine, Westphalia, Ruhr University Bochum, Bad Oeynhausen, - - 2014
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), especially central sleep apnea with Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSA-CSR), is highly prevalent in patients with severe heart failure (HF). SDB, and predominantly CSR, may improve after recovery of cardiac function, but available data are limited and inconclusive, particularly in patients who have undergone heart transplantation (HTX). The case ...
Dorbala Sharmila S Noninvasive Cardiovascular Imaging Program, Heart and Vascular Center, Department of Radiology; Department of Medicine (Cardiology), Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with PET has expanded significantly over the past decade. With the wider availability of PET scanners and the routine use of quantitative blood flow imaging, the clinical use of PET MPI is expected to increase further. PET MPI is a powerful tool to identify risk, to ...
Birnbaum Yochai Y The Section of Cardiology, The Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, - - 2014
The electrocardiogram (ECG) is the most widely used imaging tool helping in diagnosis and initial management of patients presenting with symptoms compatible with acute coronary syndrome. Acute ischemia affects the configuration of the QRS complexes, the ST segments and the T waves. The ECG should be read along with the ...
Singh D - - 2014
We discuss two cases of incessant atrial tachycardia (AT), including the presentation and clinical course. It is important to differentiate AT from other causes of supraventricular tachycardia, such as atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) and atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVRT), as it would have implications on clinical management. Electrocardiographic features of ...
Suh Jong Hui JH 1 Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, 2 Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Daejeon St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Calcified amorphous tumor (CAT) of the heart is an extremely rare cardiac mass. We describe a case of cardiac CAT in a 70-year-old Korean female who presented with acute onset dysarthria and right side weakness. Echocardiography and chest computed tomography revealed a left atrial mass that originated from the interatrial ...
Lewandowski PaweĊ‚ P Students' Scientific Society, Department of Anaesthesiology, Reanimation, Intensive Therapy, and Acute Poisonings, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Poland. - - 2014
Severe subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) is a common cause of cardiac arrest. The survival of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) due to SAH is extremely poor. Electrocardiographic and echocardiographic changes associated with SAH may mimic changes caused by acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and thus lead to delayed treatment of the ...
Mir Arshid A Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, Oklahoma University Children Hospital, Oklahoma University Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, - - 2014
Rhabdomyoma, a benign hamartomatous tumor of the cardiac embryonic myocyte, is the most common intrauterine cardiac tumor and accounts for 0.12% of prenatal fetal studies. Fetal cardiac rhabdomyomas increase in size during second and early third trimester and spontaneously regress postnatally. The clinical presentation is usually benign, however, compromise of ...
Gawthrope Ian C IC Fremantle Hospital and Health Service, Fremantle Hyperbaric Unit, Alma Street, PO Box 480, Western Australia Phone: +61-(08)-9431-2233, E-mail: - - 2014
The adverse effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) on cardiac physiology are considered a potential hazard during the treatment of some patients. The haemodynamic effects of HBO are poorly understood and the incompatibility of electrical equipment inside the chamber has made assessment difficult. At Fremantle Hyperbaric Unit, we have modified an ...
Sajeev Chakanalil Govindan CG Department of Cardiology, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, - - 2014
We report a case of young male referred for evaluation of recent onset recurrent syncope. Inhospital electrocardiogram revealed an episode of ventricular flutter which reverted spontaneously to sinus rhythm. Transthoracic echocardiogram showed hyperechoic mass in the left ventricle. For further tissue characterization a cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was done which ...
Oliveira Marcos Aurélio Barboza de MA Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto, São José do Rio Preto, SP, - - 2014
The entry of sodium and calcium play a key effect on myocyte subjected to cardiac arrest by hyperkalemia. They cause cell swelling, acidosis, consumption of adenosine triphosphate and trigger programmed cell death. Cardiac arrest caused by hypocalcemia maintains intracellular adenosine triphosphate levels, improves diastolic performance and reduces oxygen consumption, which ...
Ferrari Andrés Di Leoni AD São Lucas Hospital, Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2014
Implantable cardiac pacing systems are a safe and effective treatment for symptomatic irreversible bradycardia. Under the proper indications, cardiac pacing might bring significant clinical benefit. Evidences from literature state that the action of the artificial pacing system, mainly when the ventricular lead is located at the apex of the right ...
Suarez Gabriela G 1 Department of Internal Medicine, 2 Department of Cardiology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, - - 2014
Innovations in medical diagnosis and treatment have led to prolongation of life of patients. Increasing the life expectancy of cardiac patients and thereby increasing the prevalence of heart failure (HF). Currently more than one million hospital admissions per year are due to HF and it has been estimated that the ...
Unsöld Bernhard B Department of Cardiology and Pulmonary Medicine, University Medical Center of the Georg August University Goettingen, - - 2014
Elevated insulin and inflammatory cytokine levels in obesity may chronically activate signaling pathways regulating cardiac growth and contractility. Our aim was to examine the effect of obesity on cardiac PI3K isoform and Akt activation during left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and heart failure. Wildtype mice were fed normal chow or high-fat ...
Gomes da Silva Ananília Medeiros AM Department of Clinical and Toxicologic Analyses, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte , Natal, RN , - - 2014
Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a highly prevalent arrhythmia with pronounced morbidity and mortality. Genetics analysis has established electrophysiological substrates, which determine individual vulnerability to AF occurrence and maintenance. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) found in virtually all organisms function as negative regulators of protein-coding genes. Several studies have suggested a role for ...
Wilson Christopher M CM Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z4, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
In order for an animal to survive, the heart beat must go on in all environmental conditions, or at least restart its beat. This review is about maintaining a rhythmic heartbeat under the extreme conditions of anoxia (or very severe hypoxia) and high temperatures. It starts by considering the primitive ...
Vukajlovic Dejan D Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases Dedinje, Belgrade, - - 2014
In this study, we sought to determine whether myocardial contractile reserve (CR) assessed by dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) can identify patients who experience nearly complete normalization of left ventricular (LV) function after the implantation of a cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) pacemaker. The study group consisted of 55 consecutive patients with ...
Kim Tae-Hun - - 2014
A rebuttal to Chun KJ, Lee SG, Son BS, Kim Do H: Life-threatening cardiac tamponade: a rare complication of acupuncture. J Cardiothorac Surg 2014, 9:61.
Cho Jung Rae JR University of Florida College of Medicine-Jacksonville, 655 West 8th Street, Jacksonville, FL, 32209, - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation (AF) represents the most common cardiac arrhythmia and chronic oral anticoagulation (OAC) is the cornerstone therapy to prevent cerebrovascular events among those having high thromboembolic risk. However, 20-30% of patients with AF have co-existing coronary artery disease (CAD). Importantly, since the prevalence of both AF and CAD increase ...
Baek Seol-Hee SH Department of Neurology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Ischemic stroke is the most common neurologic manifestation of cardiac myxoma. However, there has been no current guideline on the treatment of hyperacute ischemic stroke due to cardiac myxoma. We describe a patient with hyperacute stroke caused by cardiac myxoma who had a good outcome with rapid recanalization through mechanical ...
John Seby S Cerebrovascular Center, Cleveland Clinic, OH, - - 2014
Systemic vascular alterations have not been described in reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS). We present a case series of RCVS patients having cardiac dysfunction during ictus, with a subset showing complete resolution of cardiomyopathy. Retrospective case-series: Cardiac left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and wall motion abnormalities (WMA) visualized on transthoracic ...
Li Ji-Ke JK Cardiovascular Center of Hainan Medical College, Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical College, Haikou, - - 2014
The management of cardiac arrest after cardiac surgery differs from the management of cardiac arrest under other circumstances. In other studies, interposed abdominal compression-cardiopulmonary resuscitation (IAC-CPR) resulted in a better outcome compared with conventional CPR. The aim of the present study was to determine the feasibility, safety and efficacy of ...
Goodacre Steve S School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR), University of Sheffield, Regent Court, Regent Street, Sheffield, S1 4DA, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Suspected myocardial infarction (MI) is a common reason for emergency hospital attendance and admission. Cardiac biomarker measurement is an essential element of diagnostic assessment of suspected MI. Although the cost of a routinely available biomarker may be small, the large patient population and consequences in terms of hospital admission and ...
Papanikolaou John - - 2014
Subarachnoid hemorrhage may be complicated by neurogenic stunned myocardium, a catecholamine-induced transient cardiomyopathy that displays a wide clinical spectrum of cardiac abnormalities, including electrocardiographic changes, arrhythmias, myocardial necrosis, and left ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction. However, less is known about the cardiac metabolic consequences of acute subarachnoid hemorrhage. Prunet and ...
Lee Ki Hong KH Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, South - - 2014
Mechanical dyssynchrony (MD) is associated with poor outcomes in many different populations. However, the predictors for the development of MD after chronic right ventricular (RV) pacing are not well known. Pacing QRS morphology and MD using echocardiography was analyzed in 175 consecutive patients that have pacemaker implantation during a 7.6year ...
Harada Masahide M Department of Cardiovascular Research, Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8601, Japan, - - 2014
Midkine (MK), a heparin-binding growth factor, has been shown to prevent cardiac remodeling after ischemic injury through its anti-apoptotic effect. Cell apoptosis is central to the pathophysiology of cardiac remodeling in congestive heart failure (CHF) of ischemic as well as non-ischemic origin. We hypothesized that MK exerts the anti-apoptotic cardioprotective ...
McKeever Rita G RG Department of Emergency Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA, - - 2014
The adverse effects of synthetic cannabinoids are not well-described nor have they been thoroughly studied. A 16-year-old male with a past medical history of asthma and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) presented to the emergency department (ED) complaining of 24 h of substernal pressure associated with dyspnea, nausea, and vomiting. He ...
Harris Tim T aEmergency Medicine, Barts Health NHS Trust bEmergency Medicine, London Emergency Academic Research Network (LEARN) cLondon Emergency Academic Research Network (LEARN) dEmergency Medicine, London's Air Ambulance eEmergency Medicine, East Anglia Air Ambulance fEmergency Medicine and Pre-Hospital Care, Oxford University Hospitals gEmergency Medicine and Pre-Hospital Care, Thames Valley Air Ambulance hPrimary Care, Merseyside Deanery iEmergency Medicine and Trauma, King's College Hospital NHS Trust jKent Surrey and Sussex Air - - 2014
Resuscitation of patients who sustain a cardiac arrest as a result of trauma (traumatic cardiac arrest) has previously been described as 'futile'. Several published series have since contradicted this claim and reported survival-to-discharge data ranging from 0 to 35%. International resuscitation guidelines (European Resuscitation Council and American Heart Association) promote ...
Siasos Gerasimos - - 2014
Background: Patients with heart failure (HF) have a significant decline of renal function. We investigate the association between novel biomarkers of renal dysfunction and indices of inflammatory status and cardiac remodeling in patients with HF. Methods: We enrolled 79 consecutive patients with HF and 79 healthy subjects, adjusted for age ...
Guzzo-Merello Gonzalo G Gonzalo Guzzo-Merello, Marta Cobo-Marcos, Maria Gallego-Delgado, Pablo Garcia-Pavia, Heart Failure and Inherited Cardiac Diseases Unit, Department of Cardiology, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro, 28222 Madrid, - - 2014
Alcohol is the most frequently consumed toxic substance in the world. Low to moderate daily intake of alcohol has been shown to have beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system. In contrast, exposure to high levels of alcohol for a long period could lead to progressive cardiac dysfunction and heart failure. ...
Zhang Li L Li Zhang, Obinna Mmagu, Peter R Kowey, Center for Clinical Cardiology, Lankenau Institute for Medical Research, Lankenau Medical Center, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA 19096, United - - 2014
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common cause of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in the young, particularly among athletes. Identifying high risk individuals is very important for SCD prevention. The purpose of this review is to stress that noninvasive diagnostic testing is important for risk assessment. Extreme left ventricular hypertrophy ...
Yin Jie J Department of Cardiology, Shandong Provincial Qianfoshan Hospital, Ji'nan, Shandong, China; Department of Cardiology School of Medicine, Shandong University, Ji'nan, Shandong, - - 2014
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is a well-established therapy for patients with heart failure (HF) and wide QRS configuration, especially for those in sinus rhythm. However, for those with permanent AF, atrioventricular nodal (AVN) ablation use remains under debate. Our objective was to evaluate clinical outcomes and mortality of AVN ablation ...
Kanmanthareddy Arun - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation occurring in the absence of cardiovascular disease in individuals younger than 60 years is known as lone atrial fibrillation. Nearly 1-12% of atrial fibrillation is considered to be lone atrial fibrillation. As our understanding of atrial fibrillation grows, we wonder as to whether there is such as thing ...
Dres Martin M aService de réanimation médicale, Hôpital de Bicêtre, Hôpitaux universitaires, Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris bEA4533, Université Paris-Sud, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, Paris, - - 2014
Because of heart-lung interactions, weaning from mechanical ventilation induces strong hemodynamic changes that can lead to weaning-induced cardiac failure. Cardiac patients are particularly at risk for this complication. In this review, we will summarize the most recent advances concerning the mechanisms, diagnosis and treatment of weaning-induced cardiac failure. The role ...
Cullen Michael W MW Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. Electronic address: - - 2014
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is often performed during cardiac operations. The need to repeat TEE to exclude left atrial or left atrial appendage thrombus before direct current cardioversion (DCCV) in patients with a recent intraoperative TEE showing no thrombus is unclear. We sought to determine the incidence of and risk factors ...
Livneh Amit A Department of Biomedical Engineering, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, 32000, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ultrasound has been shown to produce Premature Ventricular Contractions (PVC's). Two clinical applications in which acute cardiac pacing by ultrasound may be valuable are: (1) preoperative patient screening in cardiac resynchronization therapy surgery; (2) Emergency life support, following an event of sudden death, caused by cardiac arrest. Yet, previously the ...
Gowd B M P BM Cardiology, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, United - - 2014
Myocardial bridging, which is defined as cardiac muscle overlying a part of a coronary artery, is the most common congenital coronary artery anomaly. Myocardial bridging is usually benign, but has been associated with exercise-related cardiac events. Guidelines for athletic participation in these patients are primarily based on reports from the ...
Zhao Jun J Department of Cardiology, Tianjin Institute of Cardiology, Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, People's Republic of - - 2014
To investigate the effects of the angiotensin-(1-7) signaling pathway and the possible role of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) on atrial electrical remodeling in canines with acute atrial tachycardia. Forty dogs were randomly assigned to eight groups (five dogs/group): sham, paced control, paced + angiotensin-(1-7), paced + angiotensin-(1-7) + Mas inhibitor, ...
Bogossian Harilaos H Märkische Kliniken GmbH, Department of Cardiology and Angiology, Klinikum Lüdenscheid, Germany; Department of Cardiology, University Witten / Herdecke, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Left-bundle-branch-block(LBBB) and QT-prolongation are both associated with a worse prognosis. LBBB lengthens the QT-interval. So far it is not known if QT-time prolongation during LBBB differs in repolarization from QT-time prolongation during narrow QRS. The aim of the present proof-of-concept-study is therefore to develop a formula that allows to compare ...
Smith Ryan S RS Department of Anesthesia, McMaster University, Hamilton; Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Schulich School of Medicine, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, - - 2014
Cardiac surgery and cardiopulmonary bypass are associated with release of inflammatory mediators and microcirculatory alterations that result in organ dysfunction. Near-infrared spectroscopic measurement of tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) and the vascular occlusion test (VOT) were utilized in a study of elective cardiac surgical patients as a novel, noninvasive method of ...
Westhall Erik - - 2014
Electroencephalography (EEG) is widely used to assess neurological prognosis in patients who are comatose after cardiac arrest, but its value is limited by varying definitions of pathological patterns and by inter-rater variability. The American Clinical Neurophysiology Society (ACNS) has recently proposed a standardized EEG-terminology for critical care to address these ...
Cha Y S YS Department of Emergency Medicine, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University , Wonju , Republic of - - 2014
Background. In organophosphate (OP) poisoning cardiac complications may occur. However, the current body of knowledge largely consists of limited studies, and case reports are mainly on electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities. As definite myocardial injury is difficult to assess through ECG, we investigated the prevalence of myocardial injury through cardiac biochemical markers ...
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