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Jafar Nagham Saeed NS 0000-0002-2773-6240 Department of Cardiology, Belhoul Speciality Hospital, P.O. Box 5527, Dubai, - - 2014
Cardiac sarcoidosis is a major cause of death in patients with systemic sarcoidosis. Cardiac manifestations are seen in 2.3% of the patients. Atrioventricular (AV) block is one of the common manifestations of cardiac sarcoidosis. Other presentations of cardiac involvement include congestive heart failure, ventricular arrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death. The ...
Frankish Kim - - 2014
Adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) frequently have cardiac arrhythmias, many of which are best treated with radiofrequency ablation (RFA). We present our experience in this group. Retrospective chart based review of diagnosis, arrhythmia type, results of cardiac electrophysiological assessment, and procedural and long-term clinical success of radiofrequency ablation. Forty-five ...
O'Kane Declan D Consultant Stroke and Acute Physician, Northampton General - - 2014
Left Atrial Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation is safe and effective for most patients. However a rare complication is thermal damage to the integrity of the normal physical barriers between the left atrium and the adjacent oesophagus due to the ablation process. This can lead to formation of an Atrial-Oesophageal fistula ...
Karam Myriam M Anesthesia and Critical care Department, University Hospital Notre Dame de Secours, St Charbel street, Byblos, - - 2014
A 78-year-old male patient presented with repetitive fainting episodes. His electrocardiogram showed sinus rhythm with persistent ventricular bigeminy. Concealed sinus node dysfunction (SND) with consecutive bradycardia-induced ventricular hyperexcitability was suspected. Pharmacological testing with atropine resulted in accelerated junctional rhythm along with nearly total disappearance of the ventricular ectopy. The diagnosis ...
Nakamura Shunichi S Division of Cardiology and Regenerative Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, - - 2014
Although B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and highly sensitive cardiac troponin T (cTnT) are useful for the evaluation of clinical features in various cardiovascular diseases, there are comparatively few data regarding the utility of these parameters in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). The goal of this study was to assess ...
Zhang Wenbo W Departments of Medicine and Surgery, the Affiliated People's Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu Province, China; Critical Illness Research, Lawson Health Research Institute, London, Ontario, - - 2014
Myocardial contractile dysfunction in sepsis is associated with the increased morbidity and mortality. Although the underlying mechanisms of the cardiac depression have not been fully elucidated, an exaggerated inflammatory response is believed to be responsible. Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor containing pyrin domain 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is an intracellular platform that ...
Shamsi Fahad F Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Sind, - - 2014
Blunt thoracic trauma may result in cardiac injuries ranging from simple arrhythmias to fatal cardiac rupture. Coronary artery dissection culminating in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is rare after blunt chest trauma. Here we report a case of a 37-year-old man who had an AMI secondary to coronary dissection resulting from ...
He Quan Q Diabetes and Obesity Research Center, Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, 6400 Sanger Road, Orlando, FL 32827, - - 2014
Tafazzin, a mitochondrial acyltransferase, plays an important role in cardiolipin side chain remodeling. Previous studies have shown that dysfunction of tafazzin reduces cardiolipin content, impairs mitochondrial function, and causes dilated cardiomyopathy in Barth syndrome. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in the development of cardiomyopathy and are also the ...
Dundon Benjamin K BK Cardiology Department, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Central Adelaide Local Health Network, Discipline of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia ; Monash Cardiovascular Research Centre, MonashHEART, Monash Health, Melbourne, Vic, Australia ; Central Northern Renal and Transplantation Service, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Central Adelaide Local Health Network, Adelaide, SA, - - 2014
Arteriovenous fistula-formation remains critical for the provision of hemodialysis in end-stage renal failure patients. Its creation results in a significant increase in cardiac output, with resultant alterations in cardiac stroke volume, systemic blood flow, and vascular resistance. The impact of fistula-formation on cardiac and vascular structure and function has not ...
Miller Douglas L DL Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, 3240A Medical Sciences Building I, 1301 Catherine Street, Ann Arbor 48109-5667, - - 2014
High-intensity ultrasound pulses intermittently triggered from an ECG signal can interact with circulating contrast agent microbubbles to produce myocardial cavitation microlesions of potential therapeutic value. In this study, the timing of therapy pulses relative to the ECG R wave was investigated to identify the optimal time point for tissue reduction ...
Abdelghany Mahmoud - - 2014
Intravenous leiomyomatosis is a rare gynecologic disease that can be complicated with intracardiac involvement. All reported cases with cardiac extension involved the right cardiac chambers. Intracardiac leiomyoma may present with dyspnea, chest pain, palpitations, lower extremity swelling, or syncope. This is a unique case of a 40-year-old asymptomatic woman with ...
Grimm Wolfram W Department of Cardiology, University Hospital of Marburg and Gießen, Philipps-University Marburg, Marburg 35033, Germany. - - 2014
The relationship between heart failure (HF), sleep-disordered breathing and cardiac arrhythmias is complex and poorly understood. Whereas the frequency of predominantly obstructive sleep apnea in HF patients is low and similar or moderately higher to that observed in the general population, central sleep apnea (CSA) has been observed in approximately ...
Dziewierz Artur - - 2013
ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) due to coronary artery occlusion in the setting of acute carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is a very rare presentation. Our aim was to report on the use of primary angioplasty in a patient with STEMI in the setting of CO poisoning. A 36-year-old man with ...
Akilli Nazire Belgin - - 2013
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning frequently affects repolarization, resulting in abnormal electrocardiography findings. The goal of this study was to examine the effect of CO poisoning on the novel transmyocardial repolarization parameters T peak-T end (Tp-e), Tp-e dispersion, and Tp-e/QT and the relationship of these parameters to myocardial injury (MI). This ...
Chenniappan M - - 2013
The aVR is often neglected lead. It is an unipolar lead facing the right superior surface. As all the depolarisations are going away from lead aVR, all waves are negative in aVR (P, QRS, T) in normal sinus rhythm. In dextrocardia, (True and technical) the p is upright in aVR. ...
Kutarski Andrzej - - 2013
Abrasion of the outer insulation in crush syndrome and in the pocket region is a common cause of endocardial lead failure. Lead fracture at the level of the tricuspid valve has also been described. We examined 1,212 endocardial leads removed percutaneously from 700 patients. The average time the leads had ...
Chen Sammy Pl - - 2013
We report a case of acute poisoning in a 48-year-old man who presented with chest pain, abdominal pain, dizziness, sweatiness, blurred vision, and severe hypotension after ingestion of honey. His electrocardiogram showed sinus bradycardia and transient ST elevation. He made a good recovery after treatment with atropine and close monitoring. ...
Chang Hsin-An HA 1 Department of Psychiatry, Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2013
Altered cardiac autonomic function has been proposed in schizophrenia, but the results are mixed. Therefore, analyses with larger sample sizes and better methodology are needed. To examine whether acute schizophrenia is associated with cardiac autonomic dysfunction, 314 unmedicated patients with acute schizophrenia and 409 healthy volunteers, aged 18-65 years, were ...
Choi Kyu - - 2013
A 50-year-old man, who underwent a procedure for an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), visited the outpatient department of our clinic after suffering multiple ICD shocks. The ICD interrogation revealed recurrent shock due to a high frequency of noise that is sensed by the device as ventricular fibrillation. Chest radiography revealed ...
Ciftçi Ozgür - - 2013
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is associated with direct cardiovascular toxicity. In mild CO poisoning in which cardiovascular life support is not required, the effects of CO on left and right ventricular functions are unknown in patients without cardiac failure. Echocardiography was used to determine whether or not mild CO poisoning ...
Joshi P - - 2013
Organophosphorus compounds are used as pesticides and represent a common cause of poisoning in developing countries including India due to their widespread availability and use. Toxicity due to these agents can affect many organs including heart. Here, we report a case of acute organophosphorus poisoning (parathion), followed by acute myocardial ...
Hirakawa Akihiko - - 2013
Hydrogen sulfide is a toxic, colorless gas produced by decaying organic matter. Its toxic effects are due to blocking of cellular respiratory enzymes, leading to anoxia. We report a 28-year-old man who attempted suicide using hydrogen sulfide gas. When the emergency service arrived, his friend was dead and the patient ...
Ryoo Sm - - 2013
Introduction: Carbon monoxide (CO) is one of the leading causes of poisoning; it inhibits oxygen delivery, subsequently causing ischemic changes and ultimately death by multiorgan failure. Furthermore, thromboembolic episodes due to CO poisoning have been reported. However, intracardiac thrombus formation following exposure to CO has been very rarely described. Here, ...
Kutyifa Valentina - - 2013
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effi cacy and safety of small surface steroid-eluting atrial and ventricular pacing leads in comparison to non-steroid leads using remote monitoring system (Biotronik Home Monitoring®). In this randomized multicenter prospective trial, SIELLO T steroid-eluting ventricular leads (n = 42) were compared ...
Sato Daisuke D Department of Pharmacology, Genome Building (GBSF) University of California, Davis Davis, - - 2013
Cardiac alternans describes contraction of the ventricles in a strong-weak-strong-weak sequence at a constant pacing frequency. Clinically, alternans manifests as alternation of the T-wave on the ECG and predisposes individuals to arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. In this review, we focus on the fundamental dynamical mechanisms of alternans and show ...
Cheng Zhongwei - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To distinguish left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) from right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) origin in idiopathic premature ventricular contractions or ventricular tachycardia (PVCs/VT) patients with transitional lead at V3 is still a challenge. We sought to develop a new electrocardiography (ECG) algorithm for distinguishing LVOT from RVOT origin in ...
Karacağlar Emir E Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine Hospital, Baskent University, Ankara, - - 2012
Left ventricular diverticulum is a rare congenital malformation consisting of a localized protrusion of the endocardium and myocardium from the free wall of the left ventricle (LV). The prevalence of the disease is 0.26% in nonselected patients who underwent cardiac catheterization. It is believed that the etiology is an intrinsic ...
Burcham Grant N - - 2012
Twenty-six 5-month-old Holstein calves were accidentally exposed to discarded branches of yew bushes (Taxus sp.). Several calves were found dead approximately 24 hr after exposure; however, a few calves died several days after exposure. One calf died 18 days after the initial exposure to Taxus sp. and was examined on ...
Salinas Pablo - - 2012
The no-reflow phenomenon (NRP) is defined as the lack of adequate myocardial tissue perfusion despite a patent epicardial coronary artery. The incidence of NRP varies between 2-5% of elective percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) and 30% in primary PCI. Clinically, it is an independent predictor of myocardial infarction, in-hospital mortality, and ...
Vukcević Natasa Perković - - 2012
Caffeine is indicated in the treatment of migraine headaches, as well as neonatal apnea and bradycardia syndrome. In mild poisoning, the most prevalent symptoms are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, tremor, anxiety and headache. In more severe cases, symptoms consist of heart rythym abnormalities, myocardial infarction and seizures. Due to its common ...
Greutmann Matthias - - 2012
AimsSupravalvar aortic stenosis is a rare form of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction that is often progressive in childhood. Little data are available on outcomes in the adult population. Our aim was to define cardiac outcomes in adults with supravalvar aortic stenosis.Methods and resultsThis is a multicentre retrospective study of ...
Osken A - - 2012
Mad honey poisoning which is induced by Grayanotoxin (Andromedotoxin), is also known to have adverse effects in the cardiovascular system leading to different clinical entities. This toxin is produced by a member of the Rhododendron genus of plants of two R. Luteum and R. Panticum. In this article, we presented ...
Thakar Saurabh - - 2012
Commotio cordis is a rare type of blunt cardiac injury in which low impact chest trauma causes sudden cardiac arrest, usually occurs from being struck by a projectile during sports. The most common arrhythmia during commotio cordis is ventricular fibrillation, although complete heart block and an idioventricular rhythm have also ...
Kolwicz Stephen C SC - - 2012
Decreased fatty acid oxidation (FAO) with increased reliance on glucose are hallmarks of metabolic remodeling that occurs in pathological cardiac hypertrophy and is associated with decreased myocardial energetics and impaired cardiac function. To date, it has not been tested whether prevention of the metabolic switch that occurs during the development ...
van der Veen Berlinda J - - 2012
Assessment of cardiac innervation using single-photon emission computer tomography (SPECT) is less established than planar imaging, but may be more suitable for quantification. Therefore, a volumetric quantification of I-123 MIBG SPECT acquisitions was performed. Reproducibility, the effects of extra cardiac I-123 MIBG uptake and the relation with conventional planar indices ...
Collier P - - 2012
The emergence of cardiac fibrosis (the prototypal myocardial interstitial disease) as an important adverse predictor of risk in heart disease is not surprising given that it is largely responsible for cardiac stiffness, provides a substrate for rhythm disturbances and promotes tissue hypoxia and development of heart failure. Yet, this diagnosis ...
Chin Alvin J - - 2012
To illustrate the impact developmental biology and genetics have already had on the clinical management of the million infants born worldwide each year with CHD, we have chosen three stories which have had particular relevance for pediatric cardiologists, cardiothoracic surgeons, cardiac anesthesiologists, and cardiac nurses. First, we show how Margaret ...
Kurosaka Satoshi - - 2012
Protein arginylation mediated by arginyltransferase (ATE1) is essential for heart formation during embryogenesis, however its cell-autonomous role in cardiomyocytes and the differentiated heart muscle has never been investigated. To address this question, we generated cardiac muscle-specific Ate1 knockout mice, in which Ate1 deletion was driven by α-myosin heavy chain promoter ...
Badawi Ramy A - - 2012
Percutaneous left ventricular assist device (pLVAD) utilization is increasing as the potential applications expand. We report a case of high-risk balloon aortic valvuloplasty and percutaneous coronary intervention using the Impella 2.5 pLVAD in a patient with severely depressed left ventricular function as a bridge to heart transplantation.
Heredero Angeles - - 2012
Background: Synchronization between the left ventricle and a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) may be important for ventricular unloading and coronary perfusion. We assessed the synchrony between cardiac and LVAD cycles by increasing delays in steps of 100 msec throughout the cycle, under conditions of total and partial left ventricular ...
Rubart Michael - - 2012
This article gives an overview of the 2011 Riley Heart Center Symposium that was held in Indianapolis, IN, USA, 11-13 September, 2011.
Senbanerjee Sucharita - - 2012
Abstract Prolyl Hydroxylases belong to the family of iron- and 2-oxoglutamate-dependent dioxygenase enzyme. Several, distinct prolyl hydroxylases have been identifed. The Hypoxia-Inducible Factor (HIF) prolyl hydroxylase termed Prolyl Hydroxylase domain enzymes (PHDs) play an important role in oxygen regulation in the physiological network. There are three isoforms that have been ...
Gomez Elodie - - 2012
Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) regulates tyrosine kinase receptor-mediated responses, and especially negatively influences insulin sensitivity, thus PTP1B inhibitors (PTP1Bi) are currently evaluated in the context of diabetes. We recently revealed another important target for PTP1Bi, consisting in endothelial protection. The present study was designed to test whether reduction of ...
Mahtab Edris A F - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Borderline left ventricle is the left ventricular morphology at the favorable end of the hypoplastic left heart syndrome. In contrast to the severe end, it is suitable for biventricular repair. Wondering whether it is possible to identify cases suitable for biventricular repair from a developmental viewpoint, we investigated the ...
Luther Daniel J DJ Department of Integrative Medical Sciences, Northeast Ohio Medical University, Rootstown, OH, - - 2012
We previously reported that type VI collagen deposition increases in the infarcted myocardium in vivo. To date, a specific role for this nonfibrillar collagen has not been explored in the setting of myocardial infarction (MI). To determine whether deletion of type VI collagen in an in vivo model of post-MI ...
Oliveira Sílvia Marta - - 2012
Left ventricular noncompaction is an unusual but increasingly recognized cardiomyopathy, the etiology of which is still not definitely established. Clinical presentation includes a wide spectrum of scenarios, including heart failure, thromboembolism and malignant arrhythmias, with half of deaths occurring suddenly. Early detection of LVNC is therefore essential to prevent sudden ...
Morgan Gareth John - - 2012
The use of combined fluoroscopic and echocardiographic imaging in congenital intervention is a well-established and developing concept. We report the case of a 1.2 kg, hemodynamically unstable neonate with tetralogy of Fallot, in whom we implanted a right ventricular outflow tract stent under primarily echocardiographic guidance. This represents the smallest reported ...
Kristiansen Hans Morten HM Department of Heart Disease, Haukeland University Hospital, Jonas Lies vei 65, 5021 Bergen, Norway. - - 2012
To evaluate the clinical implication of right ventricular (RV) to left ventricular (LV) interlead sensed electrical delay (RV-LVs) and the relation to ventricular lead position in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Eighty-five consecutive CRT patients (mean age 66 ± 11 years) received LV lead prospectively targeted to the latest mechanical activated ...
Altunkaya Sabri - - 2012
In this article, the spectral features of first heart sounds (S1) and second heart sounds (S2), which comprise the mechanical heart valve sounds obtained after aortic valve replacement (AVR) and mitral valve replacement (MVR), are compared to find out the effect of mechanical heart valve replacement and recording area on ...
Jin En Ze - - 2012
Announcement of RetractionThe editorial office of International Heart Journal has recently determined that the clinical study written by En Ze Jin, Long Hao Yu, and Xue Qi Li, published in the January 2012 issue of International Heart Journal (Int Heart J 2012; 53: 1-4), was subsequently found to have not ...
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