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Goldenberg Ilan - - 2007
Patients who have left ventricular dysfunction and heart failure (HF) are at high risk for ventricular tachyarrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. Randomized clinical trials have demonstrated that pharmacologic management with antiarrhythmic drugs has limited efficacy for the prevention of arrhythmic mortality in this high-risk population, whereas implantation of a defibrillator ...
Jones P - - 2007
Cardiac arrest in children is not often due to a disturbance in rhythm that is amenable to electrical defibrillation, contrary to the situation in adults. When a shockable rhythm is present, defibrillation using an external electric shock applied at an early stage after pre-oxygenation and chest compressions is of proven ...
Rauwolf T - - 2007
The present study evaluates the incidence of various complications in implanted cardiac defibrillators (ICD) therapy due to ventricular oversensing (VO) and its complications. From June 1998 to May 2005, we retrospectively screened 518 patients (1085.6 patient years) for the occurrence of VO episodes (441 male, 77 female). The overall incidence ...
Vassallo Patricia P Department of Medicine, Section of Cardiology, Electrophysiology, Arrhythmia, and Pacemaker Service, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois 60612, - - 2007
Although amiodarone is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration only for refractory ventricular arrhythmias, it is one of the most frequently prescribed antiarrhythmic medications in the United States. To evaluate and synthesize evidence regarding optimal use of amiodarone for various arrhythmias. Systematic search of MEDLINE to identify peer-reviewed ...
Dimitri Hany - - 2007
We present a 51-year-old morbidly obese man who underwent insertion of a single-chamber implantable cardioverter defibrillator for monomorphic ventricular tachycardia occurring after myocardial infarction. After a period of satisfactory device function, a sudden change in R-wave with atrial over-sensing heralded inappropriate defibrillation and induction of ventricular fibrillation, with subsequent death ...
Singh Steven - - 2007
Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are increasingly used for the prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients with life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias (VAs); however, there is a potential for severe and debilitating anxiety caused by symptoms associated with ICD therapy and anticipation of shocks. Anxiety is a psycho-logic stressor, including physiologic components ...
Li Yongqin - - 2007
Sudden death due to ventricular fibrillation (VF) is a catastrophic event, especially in out-of-hospital settings. Prompt detection of VF and preparedness to intervene with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and especially the delivery of an electrical shock is potentially lifesaving. The reliability and accuracy of automated VF detection by current versions of ...
Mollerus Michael - - 2007
Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) have a proven mortality benefit in appropriately selected people. Several retrospective studies, though, have postulated that appropriate ICD therapy may lead to fatal, pulseless electrical alternans (PEA). This case report describes an episode of transient PEA from myocardial stunning and standstill following defibrillation threshold testing. The risk ...
Mansour Fadi - - 2007
A 36 year-old man with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and an ATLAS + DR implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) (St. Jude Medical, Inc., St. Paul, MN, USA) for primary prevention received a shock while cycling. The ventricular fibrillation detection threshold was 182 beats/min. An additional monitoring zone was programmed to 156 beats/min with ...
Ideker Raymond E - - 2007
There is only a small amount of experimental data about whether the TASER X26, a nonlethal weapon that delivers a series of brief electrical pulses to cause involuntary muscular contraction to temporarily incapacitate an individual, can initiate ventricular fibrillation to cause sudden cardiac arrest either immediately or sometime after its ...
Davis Jonathan E - - 2009
Cardiac electrical storm has been described as three or more distinct episodes of ventricular fibrillation or hemodynamically destabilizing ventricular tachycardia in a 24-h period, typically requiring treatment with electrical cardioversion or defibrillation. We report the case of a 45-year-old man who presented to the Emergency Department with idiopathic cardiac electrical ...
Karao─čuz Remzi - - 2007
Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantation is a common approach in patients at high risk of sudden cardiac death. Verification of defibrillation efficacy by defibrillation threshold (DFT) testing during ICD implantation is the current standard. Traditionally, a safety margin of at least 10 J between the maximum output of the pulse ...
Thong Tran - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A reliable predictor of an imminent episode of ventricular tachyarrhythmia that could be incorporated in an implantable defibrillator capable of preventive therapy would have important clinical utility. METHOD: A test set of 208 R-R records saved by defibrillators spanning a mean of 1.6 hours before sustained tachyarrhythmia were used ...
Nemec Jan - - 2007
A case of a patient with runaway implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) due to radiation therapy of a lung cancer is reported. This manifested as poorly tolerated wide complex tachycardia due to inappropriate rapid ventricular pacing, The event terminated with polymorphic VT, which inhibited pacing and ceased spontaneously before ICD discharge. ...
Niemann James T - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The standard porcine cardiac arrest model uses electrical induction of ventricular fibrillation. Reported restoration of spontaneous circulation and survival rates in this model are as high as 90% for ventricular fibrillation durations of 7-10 mins, values substantially greater than rates in the clinical population (i.e., 20% to 30%). A ...
Faggiano Pompilio - - 2007
We report the case of a patient admitted to the hospital on two different occasions, separated by a time interval of 12 years, with the same clinical picture: acute anterior myocardial infarction complicated by early ventricular fibrillation. The patient was successfully resuscitated because, in both circumstances, he was 'lucky' to ...
Kantoch Michal J - - 2007
A 3.5-year-old child with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy and recurrent syncope underwent surgical left-ventricular outflow tract myectomy and implantation of a single-chamber automatic cardioverter defibrillator. A single-coil active fixation lead was introduced via a purse-string suture in the right atrial appendage and the lead tip positioned and fixed in the right-ventricular ...
Quercia O - - 2008
A 54-year-old male, who had presented 2 ventricular fibrillation (VF) episodes with post-anoxic coma and later a return to consciousness and to a sinusal rhythm after defibrillation, have been placed a ventricular intracavitary stimulator (AICD). Since all the tests including the coronarygraphy have been found normal, we have paid attention ...
Holley Loraine K - - 2007
The past 25 years have seen the implantable cardioverter defibrillator emerge as the treatment of choice for ventricular arrhythmias with reduction in size but increased therapeutic options. Understanding the complex mechanisms of ventricular arrhythmias and defibrillation in normal and diseased hearts has been the focus of many research teams including ...
Indik Julia H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Future automated external defibrillators are being designed to direct rescue efforts (chest compressions first vs. defibrillation) by inferring the duration of ventricular fibrillation based on its waveform characteristics such as frequency content. This approach assumes that the ventricular fibrillation waveform is an appropriate surrogate for ventricular fibrillation duration and ...
Tang Liang - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: A failed near-threshold defibrillation shock is followed by an isoelectric window (IEW) and rapid repetitive responses that reinitiate ventricular fibrillation (VF). We hypothesized that properly timed (synchronized) postshock pacing stimuli (SyncP) may capture the recovered tissues during the repetitive responses and prevent postshock reinitiation of VF, resulting in improved ...
Lozano Inigo - - 2008
Coronary fistulas to cardiac chambers are an infrequent anomaly and usually are found casually. Although the majority of patients are asymptomatic, in rare cases it may cause coronary steal and cardiac ischemia. We present a patient with a left anterior descending coronary artery with multiple small fistulas to the left ...
Scolari Diogo - - 2008
This paper deals with automatic recognition of cardiac arrhythmias that require immediate electrical defibrillation therapy (ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia), through ECG (electrocardiogram) samples. The DD-HMM (discrete density hidden Markov model) and RBF (radial basis function) neural network algorithms were compared in the following aspects: precision, defined as correct recognition ...
García-González Martín J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The known etiology of acute lung injury (ALI) is immensely varied and includes severe burns and trauma. Electrical and multiple defibrillation shocks can cause cutaneous burns and blunt chest trauma. The literature contains no reference to the association between ALI and cutaneous burns or blunt chest trauma secondary to ...
Stiell Ian G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is little clear evidence as to the optimal energy levels for initial and subsequent shocks in biphasic waveform defibrillation. The present study compared fixed lower- and escalating higher-energy regimens for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Randomized Controlled Trial to Compare Fixed Versus Escalating Energy Regimens for ...
Sakai Yoshitaka - - 2007
A 74-year-old patient with isolated noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium (INVM) underwent implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantation because of sustained ventricular tachycardia. The post operative course was complicated by perforation of the right ventricular free wall by the ICD lead. The type of the active fixation transvenous ICD lead and ...
Casella Michela - - 2007
The case of a 57-year-old woman with a longstanding history of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in dilatative phase and incessant monomorphic ventricular tachycardia is reported. Endocardial recordings and electroanatomic mapping suggested local reentry involving right ventricular apical septum, close to a pacing/defibrillation lead tip. Radiofrequency pulses delivered at this site resulted ...
Jagric Timotej - - 2007
A significant proportion of patients with ventricular fibrillation (VF) can only be defibrillated after a period of chest compressions and ventilation before the defibrillation attempt. In these patients, unsuccessful defibrillations increase the duration of heart arrest and reduce the possibility of a successful resuscitation, which could be avoided if a ...
Boriani Giuseppe - - 2007
This viewpoint article discusses the potential for incorporation of atrial defibrillation capabilities in modern multi-chamber devices. In the late 1990s, the possibility of using shock-only therapy to treat selected patients with recurrent atrial fibrillation (AF) was explored in the context of the stand-alone atrial defibrillator. The failure of this strategy ...
Veltmann Christian C Department of Medicine, University Hospital Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany. - - 2007
Inappropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy carries a low but relevant risk of ventricular proarrhythmia. In the present case, the extremely rare event of a fatal arrhythmia caused by inappropriate therapy is reported. Dislodgement of the ventricular lead to the level of the tricuspid annulus led to additional sensing of ...
Dosdall Derek J DJ Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, - - 2007
Earliest recorded postshock myocardial activations in pigs originate in the subepicardium of the apex and lateral free wall of the left ventricle (LV) 30-90 ms after the shock. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the Purkinje system is a candidate for the source of postshock activations by ...
Liu Chung-Pin - - 2007
With rapid improvements in technology and accumulation of clinical evidence, the implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) has become a standard treatment for either primary or secondary prevention of sudden cardiac death. However, no analysis based on the perspective of emergency department has been reported, and managing patients with ICD remains a ...
Chou Chung-Chuan - - 2007
We hypothesize that remodelling of action potential and intracellular calcium (Ca(i)) dynamics in the peri-infarct zone contributes to ventricular arrhythmogenesis in the postmyocardial infarction setting. To test this hypothesis, we performed simultaneous optical mapping of Ca(i) and membrane potential (V(m)) in the left ventricle in 15 rabbit hearts with myocardial ...
Perkins Gavin D - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Rapid defibrillation is the most effective strategy for establishing return of spontaneous circulation following cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation. The aim of this study is to measure the delay due to of charging the defibrillator during chest compression in an attempt to reduce the duration of the pre-shock ...
Ypenburg Claudia - - 2007
Intrathoracic impedance measurement has been introduced in the InSync Sentry biventricular implantable cardioverter-defibrillator and may permit the early identification of pulmonary fluid accumulation secondary to left-sided heart failure (HF). An audible alarm (the OptiVol alert) can be triggered when the impedance index increases to greater than a predefined level of ...
Vats Hemender S - - 2007
A 45-year-old man was diagnosed with new-onset atrial fibrillation. Control of ventricular rate led to spontaneous conversion to sinus rhythm. Subsequent electrocardiograms revealed ST segment changes characteristic of Brugada syndrome. Electrophysiology study demonstrated inducible ventricular fibrillation. During the placement of an implantable cardiac defibrillator the patient was found to have ...
Zhang Li - - 2007
A 45-year-old man had life-threatening recurrent idiopathic ventricular fibrillation and persistent cardiogenic shock develop. The episodes of ventricular fibrillation were refractory to aggressive medical management; therefore an Abiomed AB5000 bi-ventricular support system was implanted for arrhythmia control. The device was able to maintain hemodynamic stability during the following 2 weeks. ...
Levy Deborah R - - 2007
We present a case of a previously healthy 17 year-old white male boy scout who collapsed after a lightning strike, and was found to be in ventricular fibrillation when emergency medical services arrived. The ventricular fibrillation was defibrillated into sinus rhythm after a single direct current (DC) countershock. However, the ...
Norris Robin - - 2007
The outcome of acute myocardial infarction is usually settled before the patient reaches hospital, because ventricular fibrillation, when it occurs, is most common soon after the onset of symptoms. Ventricular fibrillation can be treated as effectively by ambulance personnel as in hospital, and many more deaths can be prevented, mainly ...
Lopez J Alberto - - 2007
A 40-year-old man was admitted to our institution with mild heart failure symptoms, including palpitations and near syncope. Twenty-eight years earlier, he had undergone a Mustard operation to correct d-transposition of the great vessels. At the present admission, echocardiography revealed severe right (systemic) ventricular dysfunction. Continuous monitoring also showed sinus-node ...
Lopez J Alberto - - 2006
We report the first successful totally percutaneous pacing and defibrillation of a single ventricle in a 52-year-old woman who had undergone a classic Fontan operation (atriopulmonary connection) for tricuspid atresia 21 years earlier. Left ventricular pacing and sensing was obtained with a bipolar lead in the lateral cardiac vein, and ...
Dager William E - - 2006
Cardiac arrest and sudden cardiac death remain major causes of mortality. Early intervention has been facilitated by emergency medical response systems and the development of training programs in basic life support and advanced cardiac life support (ACLS). Despite the implementation of these programs, the likelihood of a meaningful outcome in ...
Chang Yun-Te - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The effects of two clinically available biphasic waveforms on the success of defibrillation and postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction after prolonged ventricular fibrillation were compared with two newly designed dual-path sequential and simultaneous rectilinear biphasic waveforms. Defibrillation via sequential pulses and encircling, overlapping multiple pathway may depolarize a larger myocardial mass ...
Hatton Kevin W - - 2006
We describe multiple failed external defibrillation attempts via rescue defibrillation pads for ventricular fibrillation that occurred secondary to direct electrical current transmission through the pericardial sac from electrocautery during robot-assisted internal mammary harvest. Only after resumption of two-lung ventilation and decompression of the iatrogenic pneumothorax was the patient successfully defibrillated. ...
Budde Thomas - - 2006
Primary and secondary prevention of sudden cardiac death is not sufficiently assured by medication. The (automatic) implantable cardioverter/defibrillator ((A)ICD) is able to terminate life-threatening arrhythmias (ventricular fibrillation/flutter, ventricular tachycardia) reliably. The identification and care of risk patients is of crucial importance. Initially, only survived resuscitation for ventricular fibrillation or ventricular ...
Kudenchuk Peter J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although biphasic, as compared with monophasic, waveform defibrillation for cardiac arrest is increasing in use and popularity, whether it is truly a more lifesaving waveform is unproven. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive adults with nontraumatic out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest were randomly allocated to defibrillation according to the waveform from ...
Heidbüchel Hein - - 2006
This consensus paper on behalf of the Study Group on Sports Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology follows a previous one on guidelines for sports participation in competitive and recreational athletes with supraventricular arrhythmias and pacemakers. The question of imminent life-threatening arrhythmias is especially relevant when some form of ...
Walsh Simon J - - 2006
AIMS: To investigate the feasibility and efficacy of novel low-tilt biphasic waveforms in transvenous cardioversion of atrial fibrillation (AF), delivered by a radiofrequency-powered defibrillator. METHODS AND RESULTS: The investigation was performed in three phases in an animal model of AF: a feasibility and efficacy study (in 10 adult Large White ...
Fang Xiangshao - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction has been recognized as a leading cause of early death after initially successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation. We have previously demonstrated that opening adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive K (KATP) channels or activation of delta-opioid receptors minimized the severity of postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction and increased the duration of postresuscitation survival. ...
Edelson Dana P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and electrical defibrillation are the primary treatment options for ventricular fibrillation (VF). While recent studies have shown that providing CPR prior to defibrillation may improve outcomes, the effects of CPR quality remain unclear. Specifically, the clinical effects of compression depth and pauses in chest compression prior ...
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