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Results 651 - 700 of 1352
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Notarstefano Pasquale - - 2005
A 41-year-old man with Brugada syndrome (BS) and no previous episodes of aborted sudden death or syncope referred to local emergency room for an episode of symptomatic atrial fibrillation. Blood chemistry results showed hypokalemia (2.9 mEq/L). The other parameters were within the normal range. After few minutes, an episode of ...
Sanders Gillian D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Eight randomized trials have evaluated whether the prophylactic use of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) improves survival among patients who are at risk for sudden death due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction but who have not had a life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia. We assessed the cost-effectiveness of the ICD in the ...
Berenbom Loren D - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the influence of single- versus dual-chamber implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) on the occurrence of heart failure and mortality as well as appropriate and inappropriate ICD therapy in the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial II (MADIT-II). BACKGROUND: In MADIT-II, ICD therapy in patients with a prior ...
Bryant J - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To consider the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) for arrhythmias. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases. Manufacturer submissions. REVIEW METHODS: A systematic review of the literature on clinical and cost-effectiveness was undertaken. The quality of selected randomised controlled trials (RCTs) was assessed using the Jadad criteria, and ...
Gradaus R - - 2005
Implantation of a transvenous device in patients with a tricuspid valve replacement or a complex congenital heart disease with no access to the right ventricle represents problems. The lack of access to the right ventricle might preclude transvenous placement of a defibrillation lead at ICD implantation. A young patient (21 ...
Yasuda Masayuki - - 2005
A 14-year-old boy was admitted for the evaluation of recurrent syncope. His ECG on admission revealed a sinus rhythm with an undetermined QRS axis, T wave inversion at leads V3, V4 and abnormal q at leads I, aVL, V5 and V6. However, no underlying disease could be detected by any ...
Kusumoto Fred M - - 2005
Over the last twenty years internal defibrillation has evolved from an experimental technique into an important adjunctive procedure in the electrophysiology laboratory. Internal deflbrillation is used for treating persistent atrial fibrillation and refractory ventricular arrhythmias. Atrial defibrillation can be performed with several electrode configurations but generally shocks from 1 to ...
Angelilli Allison - - 2005
This is a report of a 41-year-old professional male bodybuilder with a history of active anabolic-androgenic steroid abuse and a normal echocardiogram two years prior to admission who experienced a near-fatal arrhythmia during anaesthetic induction for elective orthopaedic surgery. The patient had severe concentric left ventricular hypertrophy, diffuse left ventricular ...
Márquez Manlio F - - 2005
A 37-year-old man with Brugada syndrome (BrS) and arrhythmic storm is described. One month after implantation of a cardioverter-defibrillator he presented with recurrent appropriate shocks for spontaneous ventricular fibrillation (VF). Because of this arrhythmic storm, quinidine therapy was initiated with total suppression of all spontaneous arrhythmias. He had remained free ...
Dosdall Derek J - - 2005
This paper reviews recent research seeking to provide more efficient device oriented treatments for atrial and ventricular fibrillation to improve implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy. Investigators have proposed and tested many innovative technologies that may be included in future ICDs. Amongst the most promising technologies are combined cardiac resynchronization therapy ...
Ermis Cengiz - - 2005
Implantable cardioverter defibrillators have been shown to provide similar survival benefits for patients who have left ventricular dysfunction due to ischemic heart disease and for subsets of patients who have nonischemic cardiomyopathy. Findings in this study extend these observations by showing that patients who have ischemic or nonischemic heart disease ...
Sharma Arjun - - 2005
We compared 2 studies of implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs) to determine the effects of device mode on outcomes. The Antiarrhythmics Versus Implantable Defibrillators (AVID) trial (1993 to 1997) demonstrated improved survival with the ICD compared with antiarrhythmic drug therapy. The Dual-chamber And VVI Implantable Defibrillator (DAVID) trial (2000 to 2002) ...
Callaway Clifton W - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ventricular fibrillation occurs during many cases of cardiac arrest and is treated with rescue shocks. Coarse ventricular fibrillation occurs earlier after the onset of cardiac arrest and is more likely to be converted to an organized rhythm with pulses by rescue shocks. Less organized or fine ventricular ...
Begue Jason - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest claims more than 450,000 lives annually in North America. Many communities have dedicated significant resources to provide rapid defibrillator response for patients in ventricular fibrillation. In spite of these efforts, mortality from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest has not improved significantly. Emerging evidence suggests some patients ...
Witte Klaus K A - - 2005
Cardiac resynchronisation therapy improves symptoms and reduces mortality in patients with chronic heart failure. In patients with previously implanted devices, particularly automatic defibrillators, central venous stenoses provide a challenge to upgrading to resynchronisation devices. We present a patient with central venous obstruction secondary to previously implanted defibrillator leads, in whom ...
Mitchell L Brent - - 2005
Sudden death is usually the result of hemodynamically destabilizing ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation. Because the only definitive treatment for ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation is a direct current shock, and because that defibrillating shock must be given very quickly to be effective, the American Heart Association's "chain of survival" approach to ...
Tang Anthony S - - 2005
The Canadian Heart Rhythm Society in conjunction with the Canadian Cardiovascular Society is committed to the promotion of evidence-based practice in Canada. Since the last Canadian guidelines on the management of sudden cardiac death were published in 2000, several well-conducted clinical trials evaluating the implantable cardioverter defibrillator have been completed ...
Plummer Christopher J - - 2005
AIMS: Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have been shown to reduce all-cause mortality in groups of patients at high risk of ventricular arrhythmias. The true incidence of ICD indications is unknown but we hypothesize that it far exceeds the number actually implanted. METHODS: In a one month observational audit, we reviewed ...
Ashwath Mahi Lakshmi - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial II in 2002 recommended implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) prophylactically for all patients with a prior myocardial infarction and ejection fraction (EF) of 30% or less. In June of 2003, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services approved reimbursement for ICD placement in patients ...
Brennan Timothy D - - 2005
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) manifested as ventricular fibrillation or sustained ventricular tachycardia has been a major focus of cardiovascular research for more than three decades. Although mortality in patients with heart failure (HF) caused by left ventricular systolic dysfunction has declined in recent years through effective pharmacotherapeutic strategies, SCD remains ...
Grönefeld Gerian - - 2005
25 years after the first coronary artery patient received an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), many randomized controlled trials on prophylactic ICD therapy have been conducted. Taken together, these trials allow an evidence-based approach to primary prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients after a myocardial infarction. Patients with chronic ischemic ...
Anastasiou-Nana Maria I - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial ischemia and the mode of ventricular fibrillation (VF) induction influence the ventricular defibrillation threshold (DFT). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of transient regional left ventricular (LV) ischemia on the DFT. METHODS: Ventricular effective refractory period (ERP), ventricular fibrillation threshold (VFT), and ...
Walsh Simon J - - 2005
The modern generation of transthoracic defibrillators now employ impedance compensated biphasic waveforms. These new devices are superior to those with monophasic waveforms and practice is currently switching to biphasic defibrillators for the treatment of both ventricular and atrial fibrillation. However, there is no universal guideline for the use of biphasic ...
Tanno Kaoru - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial (MADIT) II investigators concluded that prophylactic use of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) improved survival in patients with prior myocardial infarction (MI) and reduced the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). However, it is unclear whether MADIT II criteria for ICD implantation are appropriate ...
Riahi Sam - - 2005
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the incidence of ventricular arrhythmias and heart rate variability were influenced by statin treatment and lipid levels in patients treated with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Heart rate variability measurements were performed in 86 patients with coronary heart disease and an ...
Thong Tran T Department of Biomedical Engineering, Oregon Health & Science University, Beaverton, OR - - 2005
Using R-R interval history from 24-hour Holter recorders along with R-R interval history from implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD), a particular monotonic heart rhythm acceleration pattern during sinus rhythm, when used as a predictor of an imminent episode of ventricular tachyarrhythmia, can achieve a sensitivity of 44% with corresponding specificity of ...
Stevenson William G - - 2004
All physicians increasingly will encounter patients who have implanted cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) for protection from ventricular arrhythmias. This advisory provides a concise summary relevant to the assessment and management of patients with ICDs, including those who present to primary care or emergency department physicians with symptoms suggesting arrhythmia or ICD malfunction ...
Hohnloser Stefan H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy has been shown to improve survival in patients with various heart conditions who are at high risk for ventricular arrhythmias. Whether benefit occurs in patients early after myocardial infarction is unknown. METHODS: We conducted the Defibrillator in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial, a randomized, open-label comparison ...
Gunderson Bruce D - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this analysis was to test an algorithm that identifies implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) lead problems before clinical failure and/or inappropriate therapy. BACKGROUND: The ICD lead failures typically present as inappropriate shock therapy. Identifying lead failures before their clinical presentation may prevent patient discomfort, improve device longevity, and ...
Kaup H J - - 2004
To prevent sudden cardiac death of patients who are at risk from long standing tachyarrhythmia the implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is the first choice therapy. ICDs use a range of electrostimuli up to defibrillation, which is a non synchronous high energy shock, whereas cardioversion is synchronous with the ECG. In ...
Müller S - - 2004
Commercially available cardiac pacemakers and implantable cardioverters/defibrillators (ICD) predominantly use the intracardiac derived electrocardiogram (ECG) for detection of arrhythmias. To achieve an automatic control of the heart frequency in accordance with cardiovascular strain and an improved detection of life-threatening arrhythmias, it is desirable to monitor the heart by an input ...
Chattipakorn Siriporn - - 2004
Sudden cardiac death is a major health problem in most industrialized countries around the world including Thailand. It is mainly caused by ventricular fibrillation (VF). Currently, defibrillation is the only effective clinical treatment of this fatal arrhythmia. Although defibrillation mechanism has been investigated extensively for many decades, its definite mechanism ...
Zareba Wojciech - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the past few years, new clinical trials were conducted to determine the effectiveness of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) for prevention of mortality in patients with ischemic and nonischemic cardiomyopathies. This paper aims to provide an overview of the current state of knowledge regarding ICD therapy in ...
Zangwill Steven D - - 2004
Commotio cordis is ventricular fibrillation that results from blunt chest trauma and is a life threatening condition; early resuscitation and defibrillation are critical. This may occur during sporting events or from child abuse and most patients are boys who are younger than 16 years. Commotio cordis' prognosis depends on the ...
Jekova Irena - - 2004
The automatic external defibrillator (AED) is a lifesaving device, which processes and analyses the electrocardiogram (ECG) and delivers a defibrillation shock to terminate ventricular fibrillation or tachycardia above 180 bpm. The built-in algorithm for ECG analysis has to discriminate between shockable and non-shockable rhythms and its accuracy, represented by sensitivity ...
Young Clayton - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to examine the effectiveness of an electrocardiographic predictor, amplitude spectral area (AMSA), for the optimal timing of defibrillation shocks in human victims of cardiac arrest. Based on the spectral characteristics of ventricular fibrillation potentials, we examined the probability of successful conversion to an ...
Munhoz Da Fontoura Tavares Claudio - - 2004
The case of a patient with recurrent ventricular fibrillation secondary to an aortic tumor is reported. Ventricular fibrillation occurs secondary to ischemia, arrhythmia, or congenital disease, or it may be an idiopathic event. Irreversible and recurrent situations require placement of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). A patient with recurrent syncope ...
Lin David - - 2004
Automatic Sensitivity Control, unique to St. Jude defibrillators, allows for programmable sensitivity threshold and refractory periods. However, inappropriate programming can lead to marked undersensing and potentially lethal complications. We report a case of complete failure to sense ventricular fibrillation with inappropriate sensitivity adjustments. Detailed review of the parameters with induction ...
Paperini Luca - - 2004
A dual-coil defibrillation lead was inserted in a 64-year-old male through a persistent left superior vena cava draining into the coronary sinus. The lead, connected to a cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implanted in the left pectoral area, was looped in the right atrium positioning the proximal and distal lead coils in the ...
Paisey John R - - 2004
In porcine studies anodes in the middle cardiac vein compare favorably with those in the RV. It has not been demonstrated whether the RV and middle cardiac vein or the middle cardiac vein alone anodes are superior when shocking to a conventional SVC and active housing cathode nor whether a ...
Betts Timothy R - - 2004
A 32-year-old man with idiopathic ventricular fibrillation and an implantable cardioverter defibrillator presented during a ventricular fibrillation storm. Frequent monomorphic ventricular ectopics with left bundle branch block morphology were documented, some of which initiated fibrillation. He underwent noncontact mapping of the right ventricle, during which the ventricular ectopics were mapped ...
Bolad Islam - - 2004
The effectiveness of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) implanted in the early postoperative period after cardiac surgery for ventricular tachyarrhythmias is unknown, because all of the major trials excluded this patient population. Thus, a 10-year retrospective study was conducted of patients who had ICDs implanted for de novo postoperative ventricular tachyarrhythmias ...
Sueblinvong Vithida - - 2004
A 21-year-old patient with repaired double-outlet right ventricle and normal ventricular function underwent internal cardioverter defibrillator implantation for primary prevention of sudden death. First occurrence of spontaneous ventricular tachycardia resulted in hemodynamic collapse and syncope but the internal cardioverter defibrillator rescued the patient. ICD implantation for primary prevention may be ...
Bokhari Fayez - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is superior to amiodarone for secondary prophylaxis of sudden cardiac death. However, the magnitude of this benefit over long-term follow-up is not known. Thus, our objective was to evaluate the long-term consequences of using amiodarone versus an ICD as first-line monotherapy in patients with ...
Rashba Eric J - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Atrial defibrillation can be achieved with standard implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) leads, but the optimal shocking configuration is unknown. The objective of this prospective study was to compare atrial defibrillation thresholds (DFTs) with three shocking configurations that are available with standard ICD leads. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study was ...
Dosdall Derek J - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to demonstrate that significant reductions in defibrillation threshold (DFT) can be achieved by rapidly switching defibrillation pulses within an overall biphasic envelope between multiple endovascular electrode sets. METHODS AND RESULTS: Defibrillation electrodes were implanted in four locations in nine anesthetized swine (41.7 +/- ...
Eftestøl Trygve - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Early defibrillation is considered the most important factor for restoring spontaneous circulation in cardiac arrest patients with ventricular fibrillation. Recent studies have shown that, after prolonged ventricular fibrillation, the rates of return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and survival are improved if defibrillation is delayed so that CPR can be ...
Rich Kira E - - 2004
We investigated the relationship between air pollution and incidence of cardiac arrhythmia in a study of patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs). Thirty-four patients (ages 15-85 yr, 80% male) with ICDs residing in the Vancouver, Canada, area were included in the analyses, representing all patients attending the 2 ICD clinics ...
White Roger D - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The advent of biphasic waveforms for external defibrillation has generated extensive experimental and clinical investigation. At the same time, it has led to the development and clinical use of biphasic waveforms of several different designs. Finally, other types of waveforms, primarily triphasic, have entered experimental evaluation. RECENT ...
Killingsworth Cheryl R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: High catecholamine concentrations are cytotoxic to cardiac myocytes. We hypothesized that myocardial interstitial catecholamine levels are greatly elevated immediately after long-duration ventricular fibrillation (VF), defibrillation, and reperfusion and that the short-acting beta-antagonist esmolol administered at reperfusion would protect against this catecholamine surge and improve survival. METHODS AND RESULTS: In ...
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