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Chejtman Demián D Cardiology Department, Hospital Universitario Austral, Buenos Aires, - - 2014
The left atrial appendage (LAA) is a small muscular extension that grows from the anterolateral wall of the left atrium, in the proximity of the left pulmonary veins. The presence of a membrane in the LAA is a rare clinical entity whose origin is not known. Its clinical implication in ...
Barros Márcio Vinícius Lins MV School of Medicine, Faculdade de Saúde e Ecologia Humana,Vespasiano, MG, Brazil Materdei Hospital. - - 2014
Myocardial Perfusion Scintigraphy (MPS) is an important diagnostic tool in the management of patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the presence of mild-moderate perfusion defects can be challenging and may lead to unnecessary cardiac catheterization. The coronary artery calcium (CAC) score is a method with excellent negative predictive ...
KamiƄska Marta M Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, - - 2014
Contrast-enhanced echocardiography (CE) is recommended to assess left ventricular function and perfusion but is rarely used to assess the right ventricle (RV). We used CE to assess RV function and perfusion and evaluated whether RV perfusion defects varied in different patient groups with RV failure due to pressure overload. We ...
Doumas Argyrios A Third Department of Nuclear Medicine, Papageorgiou Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety of performing a dipyridamole stress test and to explore the incidence of reversible perfusion defects on myocardial perfusion imaging, five to six days after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Forty-one patients underwent myocardial perfusion imaging using a dipyridamole stress test, ...
Ortiz Yahaira Y Department of Internal Medicine, Orlando Regional Healthcare, Orlando, - - 2014
Cardiac septal defects are known complications to blunt chest trauma. The incidence of a traumatic isolated atrial septal defect is unknown and the concurrent occurrence of nonlethal ventricular and atrial septal defects has not been reported. A healthy male sustained violent blunt chest trauma resulting in traumatic cardiac septal disruption ...
Alherbish Aws A Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Mazankowski Alberta Heart Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The diagnosis of multiple atrial septal defects is less challenging with 3-D transesophageal echocardiography. However, the common occurrence of echo drop-out (acoustic shadow) artifacts with 3-D echocardiography can make the differentiation between a second defect and an artifact challenging. Agitated saline injection with direct visualization using 3-D echocardiography can help ...
Sun Yong - - 2014
A 8-year-old girl with severe pectus excavatum and an atrial septal defect had simultaneous repair of the both defects, using thransthoracic occlusion for atrial septal defect and improved Nuss technique for the pectus excavatum. Neither cardiopulmonary bypass nor sternotomy was required in this procedure. Details of the procedure and outcome ...
Eastaugh Lucas J LJ 1Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA. 2Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Left atrial decompression using cardiac catheterization techniques has been described at centers with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation programs. Left atrial decompression can decrease cardiogenic edema, minimize ventricular distension, and allow myocardial recovery. We describe Boston Children's Hospital's experience with percutaneous left atrial decompression techniques, acute outcomes, and clinical impact of left ...
Gittenberger-de Groot Adriana C AC Department of Cardiology, Leiden University Medical Center , Leiden , The - - 2014
The primary unseptated heart tube undergoes extensive remodeling including septation at the atrial, atrioventricular, ventricular, and ventriculo-arterial level. Alignment and fusion of the septal components is required to ensure full septation of the heart. Deficiencies lead to septal defects at various levels. Addition of myocardium and mesenchymal tissues from the ...
Karadeniz Cem C Departmet of Pediatric Cardiology, School of Medicine, Ankara University, Cebeci, 06620, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
In this prospective study, we aimed to assess left and right ventricular function in terms of the presence of right bundle branch block (RBBB) in the cases with repaired ventricular septal defect (VSD). Fifty-three patients who had VSD surgery at least 1-year preceding admission and 52 healthy controls were enrolled ...
Wang Haiyan H 1Department of Echocardiography,Shandong Provincial Qianfoshan Hospital,Shandong University,Jinan,Shandong - - 2014
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy is characterised by progressive, fibrofatty replacement of myocardium, and ventricular arrhythmias, and its prognosis is usually poor. Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy associated with atrial septal defect is very rare, and this combination may make the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis difficult. We present a case of a ...
Senyo Samuel E SE Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Brigham Regenerative Medicine Center, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA; Harvard Stem Cell Institute, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, - - 2014
Cardiomyocyte proliferation and progenitor differentiation are endogenous mechanisms of myocardial development. Cardiomyocytes continue to proliferate in mammals for part of post-natal development. In adult mammals under homeostatic conditions, cardiomyocytes proliferate at an extremely low rate. Because the mechanisms of cardiomyocyte generation provide potential targets for stimulating myocardial regeneration, a deep ...
Pok Seokwon - - 2014
The major limitation of current engineered myocardial patches for the repair of heart defects is that insulating polymeric scaffold walls hinder the transfer of electrical signals between cardiomyocytes. This loss in signal transduction results in arrhythmias when the scaffolds are implanted. We report that small, sub-toxic, concentrations of single-walled carbon ...
Kim Dong-Yeon DY Department of Nuclear Medicine, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital , Hwasun, - - 2014
The short half-life of current positron emission tomography (PET) cardiac tracers limits their widespread clinical use. We previously developed a (18)F-labeled phosphonium cation, [(18)F]FPTP, that demonstrated sharply defined myocardial defects in a corresponding infarcted myocardium. The aim of this study was to compare the image properties of PET scans obtained ...
Jeong Heui-Jeong HJ Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicinie, Inje University College of Medicine, Haeundae Paik Hospital, Busan, - - 2014
Congenital pericardial defect is a rare cardiac defect with variable clinical presentations. It is usually an unexpected finding during cardiac surgery or autopsy. The clinical detection of congenital absence of pericardium is important because of its life-threatening complications such as fatal myocardial strangulation, myocardial ischaemia and sudden death. We present ...
Maddahi Jamshid J Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA; Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
PET myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is increasingly being used for noninvasive detection and evaluation of coronary artery disease. However, the widespread use of PET MPI has been limited by the shortcomings of the current PET perfusion tracers. The availability of these tracers is limited by the need for an onsite ...
Li Xiaorong X 1 Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China ; 2 Department of Emergency, Jinling Hospital, School of Medicine, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210002, China ; 3 Emergency Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China ; 4 Department of Laboratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China ; 5 State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009, - - 2014
To explore the effects of various left anterior descending (LAD) artery-blocked sites on the development of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and malignant arrhythmia in a swine model. Twenty-two pigs underwent occlusion of the coronary artery with balloon angioplasty were randomly divided into three groups according to the blocked site of ...
Nemani Lalita L Department of Cardiology, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
We report a case of type-A Coffin-Siris syndrome (CSS) with a unique constellation of congenital heart defects. A 17-year-old Indian boy was referred to our hospital for central cyanosis with features of right heart failure. The cardiac abnormalities included biventricular outflow tract obstruction, small atrial septal defect (ASD), subaortic ventricular ...
Williams Brent A BA Geisinger Health System, Danville, Pennsylvania; Coronary Disease Reversal and Prevention Center, Tonawanda, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
Serial myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is valuable for assessing coronary disease progression and treatment efficacy. Previous serial MPI studies emphasized severe perfusion defects, with no attention given to milder perfusion defects. Thus, this study sought to compare and identify predictors of change in severe versus mild perfusion defect size in ...
Gao Lei L Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Hunan, - - 2014
Closure of residual ventricular septal defect with an occluder is traditionally performed by a percutaneous transcatheter approach under radiographic guidance. However, this procedure may be of limited use in cases with unusually shaped defects and in patients with low body weight. Here, we report minimally invasive surgical device closure of ...
Yang Chan Kyu CK Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Seoul National University Children's Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, - - 2014
A 13-year-old girl, who had undergone the total correction of partial atrioventricular septal defect at the age of 4 years, was admitted with severe tricuspid regurgitation in echocardiography. She had received one-and-a-half ventricle repair during follow-up. Her right ventricle showed global akinesia, and the ejection fraction of the left ventricle ...
Husser Oliver O Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia, Universitat de València, Valencia, Spain; Klinik für Herz- und Kreislauferkrankungen, Deutsches Herzzentrum München, Munich, - - 2014
The incremental prognostic value of inducible myocardial ischemia over necrosis derived by stress cardiac magnetic resonance in depressed left ventricular function is unknown. We determined the prognostic value of necrosis and ischemia in patients with depressed left ventricular function referred for dipyridamole stress perfusion magnetic resonance. In a multicenter registry ...
Sun Jing J Pediatric Heart Center, Xinhua Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200092, - - 2014
Perimembranous ventricular septal defect (PMVSD) is a congenital heart aberration, which is surgically treated by patch or device closure, but also can heal without operation as spontaneous closure (SC). We analyzed data from 1873 PMVSD patients admitted to our hospital during September 2001 and December 2009, in order to establish ...
Yuan Shi-Min SM Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The First Hospital of Putian, Teaching Hospital, Fujian Medical University, - - 2014
Congenital left ventricular to right atrial (LV-RA) shunt (Gerbode defect) is rare, while acquired LV-RA shunt has been increasingly reported. As yet, systematically incorporated data of the LV-RA shunt have not been presented. To present the clinical features, diagnostic challenge and management strategies of congenital and acquired LV-RA shunts. The ...
Qu Xinkai - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) biphasic imaging in assessing myocardial viability and infarct parameters in both acutely and chronically infarcted pig models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven pigs underwent ligation of the distal left anterior descending artery. Imaging was performed ...
Casasanto Daniel - - 2011
Right- and left-handers implicitly associate positive ideas like "goodness" and "honesty" more strongly with their dominant side of space, the side on which they can act more fluently, and negative ideas more strongly with their nondominant side. Here we show that right-handers' tendency to associate "good" with "right" and "bad" ...
Colombo Alessandro - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Large acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) sometimes leaves extensive ischemic damage despite timely and successful primary angioplasty. This clinical picture of good recanalization with incomplete reperfusion represents a good model to assess the reparative potential of locally administered cell therapy. Thus, we conducted a randomized controlled trial aimed at ...
Di Comite Gabriele - - 2011
Chromogranin A (CHGA) is a secretory protein stored in and released from neurons and cells of the diffuse neuroendocrine system. Cells of the adrenal medulla and adrenergic terminals are a main source of CHGA but also myocardial cells produce it under stress conditions. After secretion, CHGA is cleaved into several ...
Salloum Fadi N FN Division of Cardiology, Pauley Heart Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, 1101 East Marshall St, Richmond, VA 23298, - - 2010
Preconditioning (PC) of the heart by sublethal ischemia, mild heat shock, or hypoxia has evolved as a powerful experimental tool to discover novel signaling mechanisms in cardioprotection. The ultimate goal is to determine novel therapeutic targets for potential application in humans to protect the heart against ischemia-related injuries. In recent ...
Li Yuanjing - - 2011
Late phase ischemic preconditioning (LPC) protects the heart against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. However, its effect on myocardial tissue oxygenation and related mechanism(s) is unknown. The aim of the current study is to determine whether LPC attenuates post-ischemic myocardial tissue hyperoxygenation through preserving mitochondrial oxygen metabolism. C57BL/6 mice were subjected to ...
Smul Thorsten M - - 2011
The authors tested the hypothesis that ischemic and desflurane-induced preconditioning are blocked by propofol. A prospective, randomized, vehicle-controlled study. A university research laboratory. New Zealand white rabbits (n = 52). Pentobarbital-anesthetized rabbits were subjected to 30 minutes of coronary artery occlusion followed by 3 hours of reperfusion. Rabbits received 0.0 ...
Tosaka Shinya - - 2011
Purpose: It is known that selective cyclooxygenase 2(COX-2) inhibitors increase mortality in patients with previous myocardial infarction, and it has been suggested that COX-2 plays an important role in cardioprotection against ischemia. The current study was carried out to determine whether COX-2 is involved in the mechanisms of sevoflurane- and ...
Edwards Andrew G AG Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0354, - - 2010
Short-term caloric restriction (CR) protects the young myocardium against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury through a mechanism involving AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Here we ask whether a life-long CR intervention can extend this protection to the aged myocardium, and whether AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) plays a role in that protection. Hearts from ...
Wagner Robert - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to test, whether the late phase of remote ischaemic preconditioning (L-RIPC) improves myocardial protection in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cold-crystalloid cardioplegia and whether preoperative tramadol modifies myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury using the same group of patients in a single-blinded randomized controlled study. One ...
Sun Junhui - - 2010
As a G protein-coupled receptor, the extracellular Ca(2+)-sensing receptor (CaSR) responds to changes not only in extracellular Ca(2+), but also to many other ligands. CaSR has been found to be expressed in the hearts and cardiovascular system. In this study, we confirmed that CaSR is expressed in mouse cardiomyocytes and ...
Bouwman R Arthur RA Department of Anesthesiology, Institute for Cardiovascular Research (ICaR-VU), VU University Medical Center (VUMC), Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2010
Volatile anesthetics protect the heart against ischemia-reperfusion injury. As an adjunct to general anesthesia, local and regional application of bupivacaine is often used. However, systemic plasma levels of bupivacaine might be cardiodepressant and interfere with sevoflurane-induced cardioprotection. Effects of bupivacaine on sevoflurane-induced cardioprotection were assessed in isolated Langendorff-perfused rat hearts ...
Lavi Shahar - - 2011
Ischemic preconditioning is a natural protective mechanism by which brief episodes of ischemia protect the heart or other organs from the deleterious effects of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Ischemic preconditioning was demonstrated in animals more than 20years ago, and subsequent studies in humans showed a dramatic protective effect on the heart. This ...
Maas Jason E JE Department of Pharmacology, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Rd, Milwaukee, WI 53226, - - 2010
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is a protective phenomenon in which brief ischemia renders the myocardium resistant to subsequent ischemic insults. Here, we used A(2B)AR gene knock-out (A(2B)KO)/β-galactosidase reporter gene knock-in mice and the A(2B)AR antagonist ATL-801 to investigate the potential involvement of the A(2B)AR in IPC, focusing on the acute phase ...
Messadi Erij E INSERM U872, Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Paris, - - 2010
Angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE; kininase II) levels in humans are genetically determined. ACE levels have been linked to risk of myocardial infarction, but the association has been inconsistent, and the causality underlying it remains undocumented. We tested the hypothesis that genetic variation in ACE levels influences myocardial tolerance to ischemia. ...
Amr Yasser Mohamed - - 2010
To compare the cardioprotective effects of anesthetic preconditioning by isoflurane with ischemic preconditioning. A total of 45 patients scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery were randomized to preconditioning either by 3 episodes of 1-minute aortic cross-clamping followed by 4 minutes of reperfusion after each episode, a 10-minute ...
You Zhen - - 2011
This study was designed to compare the influence of deoxygenated hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC) pretreatment and ischemia preconditioning on cardiac ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Langendorff-perfused rat hearts were pretreated with 0.1 gHb/dL deoxygenated HBOC or ischemia, then subjected to 50-min warm ischemia and 2-hr reperfusion. The results indicated that deoxygenated HBOC ...
Najafi Moslem - - 2010
Carnitine is a vital biologic substance facilitating fatty acids transport into mitochondria for ATP production. This study was to investigate the effects of pre-ischemic pharmacological preconditioning (PC) with L-carnitine (L-Car) on myocardial infarct size and cardiac functions in ischemic and reperfused isolated rat heart and meanwhile on left ventricular glycogen ...
Hosokawa Shinobu - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Few studies have addressed gender differences in evoking preconditioning. In an experimental study, it was reported that the preconditioning effect disappeared after gonadectomy. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the effects of preinfarction angina (PA) on myocardial damage using intravenous contrast echocardiography. METHODS: We studied 334 consecutive patients with anterior ...
Kiss Attila - - 2010
Both ischaemia preconditioning (PC) and the intracoronary infusion of peroxynitrite (PN) suppress ischaemia and reperfusion (I/R)-induced arrhythmias and the generation of nitrotyrosine (NT, a marker of PN). However, it is still unclear whether this latter effect is due to a reduction in nitric oxide (NO) or superoxide (O(2)(-)) production. Dogs ...
Yadav Harlokesh Narayan - - 2010
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) produces cardioprotection by phosphorylation of glycogen synthaes kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) that inhibits the opening of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP), and this cardioprotective action of IPC is attenuated by hyperlipidaemia. The present study investigated the role of GSK-3beta in attenuation of cardioprotective effect of IPC, by hyperlipidaemia in ...
Bencsik Péter - - 2010
We have previously shown that the inhibition of myocardial nitric oxide (NO) and peroxynitrite-matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) signaling by early preconditioning (PC) is involved in its cardioprotective effect. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the role of NO and peroxynitrite-MMP signaling in the development of late PC. PC was performed ...
Talukder M A Hassan - - 2010
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is a powerful phenomenon that provides potent cardioprotection in mammalian hearts; however, the role of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS)-mediated NO in this process remains highly controversial. Questions also remain regarding this pathway as a function of sex and ischemic duration. Therefore, we performed extensive experiments ...
Hausenloy Derek J - - 2010
A standard ischemic preconditioning (IPC) stimulus of one or more brief episodes of non-lethal myocardial ischemia and reperfusion elicits a bi-phasic pattern of cardioprotection. The first phase manifests almost immediately following the IPC stimulus and lasts for 1-2 h, after which its effect disappears (termed classical or early IPC). The ...
Xu Jing-feng - - 2010
To determine whether ferilnic nirate (FLNT) can precondition the rat heart against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) damage and its mechanism, two groups of experiments were conducted. In the first group of experiments, rats were divided among four treatment groups: sham group; solvent with I/R (I/R control group); FLNT pretreatment with I/R ...
Borkowski T - - 2010
Clinical observation in patients with heart disease indicates that reduced activity of AMP deaminase could be protective in heart failure and ischemic heart disease. This study evaluated the effect of 3-[2-(3-carboxy-4-bromo-5,6,7,8-tetrahydronaphthyl)ethyl]-3,6,7,8-tetrahydroimidazo [4,5-d][1,3]diazepin-8-ol, an AMP deaminase inhibitor (AMPDI) in the mouse heart subjected to hypoxia. ApoE/LDLR knock-out mice were subjected to ...
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