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Qu Xinkai - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) biphasic imaging in assessing myocardial viability and infarct parameters in both acutely and chronically infarcted pig models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven pigs underwent ligation of the distal left anterior descending artery. Imaging was performed ...
Casasanto Daniel - - 2011
Right- and left-handers implicitly associate positive ideas like "goodness" and "honesty" more strongly with their dominant side of space, the side on which they can act more fluently, and negative ideas more strongly with their nondominant side. Here we show that right-handers' tendency to associate "good" with "right" and "bad" ...
Colombo Alessandro - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Large acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) sometimes leaves extensive ischemic damage despite timely and successful primary angioplasty. This clinical picture of good recanalization with incomplete reperfusion represents a good model to assess the reparative potential of locally administered cell therapy. Thus, we conducted a randomized controlled trial aimed at ...
Di Comite Gabriele - - 2011
Chromogranin A (CHGA) is a secretory protein stored in and released from neurons and cells of the diffuse neuroendocrine system. Cells of the adrenal medulla and adrenergic terminals are a main source of CHGA but also myocardial cells produce it under stress conditions. After secretion, CHGA is cleaved into several ...
Salloum Fadi N - - 2010
Preconditioning (PC) of the heart by sublethal ischemia, mild heat shock, or hypoxia has evolved as a powerful experimental tool to discover novel signaling mechanisms in cardioprotection. The ultimate goal is to determine novel therapeutic targets for potential application in humans to protect the heart against ischemia-related injuries. In recent ...
Li Yuanjing - - 2011
Late phase ischemic preconditioning (LPC) protects the heart against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. However, its effect on myocardial tissue oxygenation and related mechanism(s) is unknown. The aim of the current study is to determine whether LPC attenuates post-ischemic myocardial tissue hyperoxygenation through preserving mitochondrial oxygen metabolism. C57BL/6 mice were subjected to ...
Smul Thorsten M - - 2011
The authors tested the hypothesis that ischemic and desflurane-induced preconditioning are blocked by propofol. A prospective, randomized, vehicle-controlled study. A university research laboratory. New Zealand white rabbits (n = 52). Pentobarbital-anesthetized rabbits were subjected to 30 minutes of coronary artery occlusion followed by 3 hours of reperfusion. Rabbits received 0.0 ...
Tosaka Shinya - - 2011
Purpose: It is known that selective cyclooxygenase 2(COX-2) inhibitors increase mortality in patients with previous myocardial infarction, and it has been suggested that COX-2 plays an important role in cardioprotection against ischemia. The current study was carried out to determine whether COX-2 is involved in the mechanisms of sevoflurane- and ...
Edwards Andrew G - - 2010
Short-term caloric restriction (CR) protects the young myocardium against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury through a mechanism involving AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Here we ask whether a life-long CR intervention can extend this protection to the aged myocardium, and whether AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) plays a role in that protection. Hearts from ...
Wagner Robert - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to test, whether the late phase of remote ischaemic preconditioning (L-RIPC) improves myocardial protection in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cold-crystalloid cardioplegia and whether preoperative tramadol modifies myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury using the same group of patients in a single-blinded randomized controlled study. One ...
Sun Junhui - - 2010
As a G protein-coupled receptor, the extracellular Ca(2+)-sensing receptor (CaSR) responds to changes not only in extracellular Ca(2+), but also to many other ligands. CaSR has been found to be expressed in the hearts and cardiovascular system. In this study, we confirmed that CaSR is expressed in mouse cardiomyocytes and ...
Bouwman R Arthur - - 2010
Volatile anesthetics protect the heart against ischemia-reperfusion injury. As an adjunct to general anesthesia, local and regional application of bupivacaine is often used. However, systemic plasma levels of bupivacaine might be cardiodepressant and interfere with sevoflurane-induced cardioprotection. Effects of bupivacaine on sevoflurane-induced cardioprotection were assessed in isolated Langendorff-perfused rat hearts ...
Lavi Shahar - - 2011
Ischemic preconditioning is a natural protective mechanism by which brief episodes of ischemia protect the heart or other organs from the deleterious effects of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Ischemic preconditioning was demonstrated in animals more than 20years ago, and subsequent studies in humans showed a dramatic protective effect on the heart. This ...
Maas Jason E - - 2010
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is a protective phenomenon in which brief ischemia renders the myocardium resistant to subsequent ischemic insults. Here, we used A(2B)AR gene knock-out (A(2B)KO)/β-galactosidase reporter gene knock-in mice and the A(2B)AR antagonist ATL-801 to investigate the potential involvement of the A(2B)AR in IPC, focusing on the acute phase ...
Messadi Erij - - 2010
Angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE; kininase II) levels in humans are genetically determined. ACE levels have been linked to risk of myocardial infarction, but the association has been inconsistent, and the causality underlying it remains undocumented. We tested the hypothesis that genetic variation in ACE levels influences myocardial tolerance to ischemia. ...
Amr Yasser Mohamed - - 2010
To compare the cardioprotective effects of anesthetic preconditioning by isoflurane with ischemic preconditioning. A total of 45 patients scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery were randomized to preconditioning either by 3 episodes of 1-minute aortic cross-clamping followed by 4 minutes of reperfusion after each episode, a 10-minute ...
You Zhen - - 2011
This study was designed to compare the influence of deoxygenated hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC) pretreatment and ischemia preconditioning on cardiac ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Langendorff-perfused rat hearts were pretreated with 0.1 gHb/dL deoxygenated HBOC or ischemia, then subjected to 50-min warm ischemia and 2-hr reperfusion. The results indicated that deoxygenated HBOC ...
Najafi Moslem - - 2010
Carnitine is a vital biologic substance facilitating fatty acids transport into mitochondria for ATP production. This study was to investigate the effects of pre-ischemic pharmacological preconditioning (PC) with L-carnitine (L-Car) on myocardial infarct size and cardiac functions in ischemic and reperfused isolated rat heart and meanwhile on left ventricular glycogen ...
Hosokawa Shinobu - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Few studies have addressed gender differences in evoking preconditioning. In an experimental study, it was reported that the preconditioning effect disappeared after gonadectomy. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the effects of preinfarction angina (PA) on myocardial damage using intravenous contrast echocardiography. METHODS: We studied 334 consecutive patients with anterior ...
Kiss Attila - - 2010
Both ischaemia preconditioning (PC) and the intracoronary infusion of peroxynitrite (PN) suppress ischaemia and reperfusion (I/R)-induced arrhythmias and the generation of nitrotyrosine (NT, a marker of PN). However, it is still unclear whether this latter effect is due to a reduction in nitric oxide (NO) or superoxide (O(2)(-)) production. Dogs ...
Yadav Harlokesh Narayan - - 2010
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) produces cardioprotection by phosphorylation of glycogen synthaes kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) that inhibits the opening of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP), and this cardioprotective action of IPC is attenuated by hyperlipidaemia. The present study investigated the role of GSK-3beta in attenuation of cardioprotective effect of IPC, by hyperlipidaemia in ...
Bencsik Péter - - 2010
We have previously shown that the inhibition of myocardial nitric oxide (NO) and peroxynitrite-matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) signaling by early preconditioning (PC) is involved in its cardioprotective effect. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the role of NO and peroxynitrite-MMP signaling in the development of late PC. PC was performed ...
Talukder M A Hassan - - 2010
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is a powerful phenomenon that provides potent cardioprotection in mammalian hearts; however, the role of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS)-mediated NO in this process remains highly controversial. Questions also remain regarding this pathway as a function of sex and ischemic duration. Therefore, we performed extensive experiments ...
Hausenloy Derek J - - 2010
A standard ischemic preconditioning (IPC) stimulus of one or more brief episodes of non-lethal myocardial ischemia and reperfusion elicits a bi-phasic pattern of cardioprotection. The first phase manifests almost immediately following the IPC stimulus and lasts for 1-2 h, after which its effect disappears (termed classical or early IPC). The ...
Xu Jing-feng - - 2010
To determine whether ferilnic nirate (FLNT) can precondition the rat heart against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) damage and its mechanism, two groups of experiments were conducted. In the first group of experiments, rats were divided among four treatment groups: sham group; solvent with I/R (I/R control group); FLNT pretreatment with I/R ...
Borkowski T - - 2010
Clinical observation in patients with heart disease indicates that reduced activity of AMP deaminase could be protective in heart failure and ischemic heart disease. This study evaluated the effect of 3-[2-(3-carboxy-4-bromo-5,6,7,8-tetrahydronaphthyl)ethyl]-3,6,7,8-tetrahydroimidazo [4,5-d][1,3]diazepin-8-ol, an AMP deaminase inhibitor (AMPDI) in the mouse heart subjected to hypoxia. ApoE/LDLR knock-out mice were subjected to ...
Haider Khawaja Husnain - - 2010
We have previously shown that preconditioning of stem and progenitor cells promotes their survival post-engraftment in the infarcted heart. The present study was designed to (i) delineate the role of microRNA-21 (miR-21) in interleukin-11 (IL-11) signalling during preconditioning of skeletal myoblasts (MY) and (ii) study the long-term fate of preconditioned ...
Walsh Stewart R - - 2010
Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is a physiological mechanism whereby brief ischemia-reperfusion episodes attenuate damage by subsequent prolonged ischemic insults. It reduces myocardial injury following cardiac and aortic aneurysm surgery. We aimed to determine whether RIPC affects neurological or cardiac injury following carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Patients were preconditioned using 10 minutes ...
Lim Shiang Y SY The Hatter Cardiovascular Institute, University College London Hospital and Medical School, - - 2010
Remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC) is a therapeutic intervention that has been demonstrated to reduce myocardial injury in the clinical setting. However, the underlying cardioprotective mechanisms remain unclear. We hypothesised that RIPC utilises both humoral and neural pathways to convey the cardioprotective signal from the preconditioned remote organ to the heart. ...
Divald Andras - - 2010
RATIONALE: The ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) becomes dysfunctional as a result of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), which may lead to dysregulation of signaling pathways. Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) may prevent dysregulation by preventing UPS dysfunction through inhibition of oxidative damage. OBJECTIVE: Examine the hypothesis that early IPC preserves postischemic UPS function thus facilitating ...
Lotz Christopher - - 2011
Myocardial ischemia is accompanied by a rapid activation of adenosine-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK). However, it is unclear whether this represents a potentially beneficial or detrimental event in the course of ischemic injury. The role of AMPK activation in the cardioprotective setting of desflurane-induced preconditioning has not been investigated to date. ...
Alizadeh Ali Mohammad - - 2010
Cardiac preconditioning represents the most potent and consistently reproducible method of rescuing heart tissue from undergoing irreversible ischemic damage. One of the major goals of the current cardiovascular research is to identify a reliable cardioprotective intervention that can salvage ischemic myocardium. The aim of the present study is to evaluate ...
Raphael Jacob - - 2010
Hyperglycemia is known to inhibit ischemic and anesthetic preconditioning. We tested whether hyperglycemia inhibits anesthetic postconditioning with isoflurane and whether this effect is mediated via phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/Akt and nitric oxide signaling. New Zealand white rabbits subjected to 40 minutes of myocardial ischemia, followed by 3 hours of reperfusion were assigned to ...
Dai An-lu - - 2010
Ischemic preconditioning and postconditioning distinctly attenuate ventricular arrhythmia after ischemia without affecting the severity of myocardial stunning. Therefore, we report the effects of sevoflurane preconditioning and postconditioning on stunned myocardium in isolated rat hearts. Isolated rat hearts were underwent 20 min of global ischemia and 40 min of reperfusion. After ...
Cheng Yunhui - - 2010
The aims of the present study are to determine the miRNA expression signature in rat hearts after ischaemic preconditioning (IP) and to identify an IP-regulated miRNA, miR-21, in IP-mediated cardiac protection, and the potential cellular and molecular mechanisms involved. The miRNA expression signature was investigated in rat hearts. Among the ...
Adams Jose A - - 2010
AIMS: Periodic acceleration (pGz) is a method that applies repetitive sinusoidal head-to-foot motion to the horizontally positioned body. pGz adds pulses to the circulation as a function of frequency, thereby increasing shear stress to the endothelium. Pulsatile shear stress increases release of cardioprotective endothelial-derived nitric oxide prostaglandin E-2 and prostacyclin ...
Ye Yumei - - 2010
Pioglitazone (PIO) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analogs limit infarct size (IS) in experimental models. The effects of the dipeptidyl-peptidase-IV inhibitors, which increase the endogenous levels of GLP-1, on myocardial protection, are unknown. We studied whether sitagliptin (SIT) and PIO have additive effects on IS limitation in the mouse. Mice received ...
Miyamae Masami - - 2010
Epidemiological studies demonstrate that excessive drinking is associated with hypertension, cerebral bleeding and loss of cardiac contractility. Conversely, studies have shown that mortality rates for people who regularly drink ethanol in moderation are lower than in abstainers, primarily due to decreased fatal ischemic heart disease. Further, moderate ethanol consumers have ...
Raphael Jacob - - 2010
Perioperative myocardial ischemia and infarction are not only major sources of morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing surgery but also important causes of prolonged hospital stay and resource utilization. Ischemic and pharmacological preconditioning and postconditioning have been known for more than two decades to provide protection against myocardial ischemia and ...
Mersmann Jan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To test whether preconditioning with a toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 agonist protects against myocardial ischemia and reperfusion by interfering with chemokine CXCL1 release from cardiomyocytes. DESIGN: C3H mice were challenged with vehicle or synthetic TLR2 agonist Pam3Cys-Ser-Lys4 (Pam3CSK4; 1 mg/kg) 24 hrs before myocardial ischemia (20 mins) and reperfusion ...
Sun Qiang - - 2011
In our previous study, it was indicated that hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning (HOP) could induce a preconditioning against myocardial infarction and promote neovascularization. In this study, attempts were made to investigate whether a modified short-term pre-exposure protocol could also induce cardioprotection, and its potential mechanisms. Adult male Sprague Dawley rats were ...
Rodríguez-Sinovas Antonio - - 2010
Connexin 43 (Cx43) plays an important role in cardioprotective signalling by mechanisms at least in part independent of gap junctional communication. To investigate whether this role is related to specific properties of this connexin isoform, we used a knock-in mouse model in which the coding region of Cx43 is replaced ...
Hiroi Toshihito - - 2010
The goal of this study was to elucidate whether there is an increase in myocardial tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), which is a cofactor for nitric oxide synthase, during the late phase of ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) leading to cardioprotection against myocardial infarction and, if so, to examine the induction mechanisms of BH4 synthesis. ...
Miura Tetsuji - - 2010
The gap junction plays roles not only in electrical coupling of cardiomyocytes but also in intercellular transport of biologically active substances. Furthermore, the gap junction participates in decision making on cell survival versus cell death in various types of cells, and a part of reperfusion injury in the heart has ...
Botha Phil - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Sildenafil citrate has been shown to induce myocardial protective effects in a variety of experimental settings. Whether these effects could be used to enhance myocardial protection afforded by crystalloid cardioplegia, volatile anesthesia and hypothermia during cardiac transplantation remains to be established. METHODS: We investigated the use of sildenafil-mediated cardioprotection ...
Yu Shuchun - - 2010
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of landiolol on ischemic preconditioned rat hearts. METHODS: Isolated perfused rat hearts were divided into 8 groups. In the control group, there was no treatment before the 30-min global ischemia. In the landiolol infused groups, landiolol (100, 300, and 500 microM) was infused without ischemic ...
Dong Jian-Wen - - 2010
Recent studies have implicated Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and TLR4 signaling in delimiting liver and brain injury following ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). To determine whether TLR2 and TLR4 conferred cytoprotection in the heart, we subjected hearts of wild-type (WT) mice and mice deficient in TLR2 (TLR2D), TLR4 (TLR4D), and TIR domain-containing adapter ...
Gottlieb Roberta A - - 2010
The study of autophagy has been transformed by the cloning of most genes in the pathway and the introduction of GFP-LC3 as a reporter to allow visual assessment of autophagy. The field of cardiac biology is not alone in attempting to understand the implications of autophagy. The purpose of this ...
Ludman Andrew J AJ The Hatter Cardiovascular Institute, University College London, 67 Chenies Mews, London WC1E 6HX, - - 2010
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. The development of novel treatment strategies for protecting the myocardium against the detrimental effects of acute ischaemia-reperfusion injury, termed cardioprotection, and for improving clinical outcomes in patients with CHD requires the use of appropriate animal disease models. The concept ...
Matej?kov? Jana - - 2009
Opening of mitochondrial KATP channels (mitoKATP) has been reported to underlie protection against ischaemia-reperfusion injury induced by ischaemic preconditioning (I-PC); however, the molecular mechanisms of its antiarrhythmic effect have not been fully elucidated. We explored the involvement of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt in the PC-like effect of mitoKATP opener diazoxide with ...
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