Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1207
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Hatanaka Kazuhito - - 2004
Connexin 43 (Cx43), a primary component of gap junctions, contributes to intercellular electrochemical communication. Cx43 undergoes dephosphorylation in early ischemia. We examined whether Cx43 is degraded in association with dephosphorylation during early myocardial ischemia and whether ischemic preconditioning (IP) affects the degradation after rat coronary artery occlusion. Male Sprague-Dawley rats ...
Nakamura Yuichi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The role of microtubules in ischemic preconditioning (PC) was investigated in isolated perfused rabbit hearts. METHODS: Myocardial infarction was induced by 30-min global ischemia and 2-h reperfusion, and infarct size was expressed as a percentage of the left ventricle (%IS/LV). Using separate groups of rabbits, ventricular biopsies were taken ...
Li Guohu - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Adaptation to ischemia by brief episodes of ischemia and reperfusion (preconditioning) of the heart protects the heart against sustained ischemia, where the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa-B (NFkappaB) appears crucial for the protection. Preconditioning of the heart may even be evoked by brief episodes of ischemia and reperfusion in ...
Kuzume Koh - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the influence of the narcotic anesthetic remifentanil on irreversible myocardial ischemic injury. METHODS: New Zealand White rabbits were anesthetized with propofol (0.7-1.8 mg.kg.min) and then subjected to 30 min regional myocardial ischemia and 3 h reperfusion (CON). Some animals also underwent ischemic preconditioning, elicited by either one ...
Kara Ali F - - 2004
Trimetazidine is a widely used anti-ischemic agent, but its effect on myocardial preconditioning in anesthetized animals has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of trimetazidine on ischemic preconditioning and carbachol preconditioning in anesthetized rats. Ischemic preconditioning, induced by 5-min coronary artery occlusion and ...
Kristiansen Steen B - - 2005
Local and remote ischemic preconditioning (IPC) reduce ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and preserve cardiac function. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that remote preconditioning is memorized by the explanted heart and yields protection from subsequent I/R injury and that the underlying mechanism involves sarcolemmal and mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels. ...
Hernandez-Pampaloni Miguel M Medical Research Council Clinical Sciences Centre, Hammersmith Hospital, Imperial College, London, - - 2005
Different criteria to identify residual viability in chronically dysfunctioning myocardium in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) can be derived by the combined assessment of myocardial blood flow (MBF) and glucose utilisation (MRG) using positron emission tomography (PET). The aim of this study was to evaluate, in a large number ...
Schulte G - - 2004
AIMS: Adenosine is involved in classic pre-conditioning (PC) in most species, acting through especially adenosine A1 and A3 receptors. We studied whether the adenosine A1 receptor (A1R) was important for remote, delayed adaptation to ischaemia using a mouse with targeted deletion of the A1R gene. METHODS: Remote, delayed adaptation was ...
Fujii Takafumi T Department of Cardiac Physiology, National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute, 5-7-1 Fujishiro-dai, Suita, Osaka 565-8565, - - 2004
Catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT) is believed to exert degradative action at high norepinephrine (NE) levels. Although COMT exists in cardiac tissues, the contribution of cardiac COMT activity to regional NE kinetics, particularly in ischemia-induced NE accumulation, remains unclear. We investigated the role of cardiac COMT in NE kinetics in the ischemic ...
Brzozowski Tomasz - - 2004
Limitation of the stomach damage by its earlier brief ischemia and reperfusion before prolonged ischemia is defined as gastric ischemic preconditioning but whether such brief ischemia of remote organs like heart or liver can also attenuate the gastric damage caused by longer and severe ischemia-reperfusion remains unknown. The cardiac, hepatic ...
Iliodromitis Efstathios K - - 2004
Catecholamines bind to alpha- and beta-adrenoreceptors and are capable of preconditioning ischemic myocardium. Our purpose was to investigate the effect of acute either short or prolonged i.v. administration of beta-adrenoreceptor antagonists on ischemic preconditioning in vivo. Fifty-five anesthetized rabbits were divided into 10 groups (n=5-7 per group) and were subjected ...
Tang Xian-Liang - - 2004
Although NO donors have been shown to confer late preconditioning (PC) against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in healthy rabbits, it is unknown whether concurrent systemic disorders affect NO donor-induced cardioprotection. Since many patients with coronary artery disease have hypercholesterolemia (HC), we examined the effect of this condition on late PC induced ...
Yang Xi-Ming - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: An in situ model was used to test whether and how multiple occlusions at reperfusion can protect rabbit myocardium. BACKGROUND: Recently it was demonstrated that postconditioning in dogs salvaged ischemic myocardium. METHODS: Control hearts underwent 30-min regional ischemia/3-h reperfusion, whereas in experimental hearts four postconditioning cycles of 30-s occlusion/30-s ...
Maulik Nilanjana - - 2004
Despite significant advances in myocardial revascularization and reperfusion, coronary artery disease and subsequently myocardial infarction, are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Strategies which improve the myocardial substrate during and following a myocardial infarction-such as the regrowth of functional blood vessels to the ischemic myocardium ...
Ren Xiaoping - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and remote IPC are cardioprotective phenomena in which ischemia of the myocardium or of a remote tissue, respectively, induces cardioprotection. Despite clinical evidence that surgical trauma can remotely affect myocardial infarction, to date there are no basic science studies addressing the effect of nonischemic trauma at ...
Smith Robert M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the functional requirement of signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT-3) in cardiac myocyte tolerance to ischemia (I) and in classical preconditioning. METHODS: Cardiac myocyte STAT-3 was depleted in mice using Cre-lox p technology. Isolated cardiomyocytes from wild-type (WT) and STAT-3-deficient mice were evaluated for viability following ...
Halkos Michael E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) has been used in off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) to reduce potential injury secondary to ligation of the target vessel. Previous studies have shown that a brief period of repetitive coronary occlusion applied at the onset of reperfusion, postconditioning (postcon), attenuates myocardial injury. This study ...
Fitzpatrick Colleen M - - 2005
Hypoxia from birth increases resistance to myocardial ischemia in infant rabbits. We hypothesized that increased cardioprotection in hearts chronically hypoxic from birth persists following development in a normoxic environment and involves increased activation of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and ATP-dependent K (K(ATP)) channels. Resistance to myocardial ischemia was determined in ...
Andreadou Ioanna - - 2004
Free radicals are involved in the protective mechanism of preconditioning (PC), whereas antioxidant compounds abolish this benefit. Melatonin is a hormone with antioxidant properties. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of melatonin on infarct size in ischemic preconditioning in vivo. We randomly divided 33 male rabbits ...
Brühl Annette - - 2004
The release of choline as a water-soluble product of phospholipid hydrolysis was measured in the perfusate of rat hearts to monitor ischemic membrane degradation and its protection by ischemic preconditioning (IPC). Hearts were subjected to global ischemia (GI; 30 min of no-flow) followed by 60 min of reperfusion. To induce ...
Chen Hong - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that chloride channels may be involved in ischemic preconditioning (IPC). In this study, we tested whether the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) chloride channels, which are expressed in the heart and activated by protein kinase A and protein kinase C, are important for IPC in ...
Huang Cheng-Hsiung - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Several nonischemic stimuli have been shown to precondition myocardium. We investigated cardioprotective effects and underlying mechanisms of brief pressure overload of the left ventricle in this study. METHODS: Brief pressure overload of the left ventricle was achieved by two 10-minute partial snaring of the ascending aorta so that systolic ...
Colantonio David A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Degradation of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) has been proposed to represent the underlying molecular mechanism responsible for post-ischemic contractile dysfunction of viable but 'stunned' myocardium. However, this concept is largely derived from models of brief, sublethal ischemia essentially devoid of necrosis, and there is speculation that defects in cTnI ...
Skyschally Andreas - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: After coronary microembolization (ME) adenosine is released from ischemic areas of the microembolized myocardium. This adenosine dilates vessels in adjacent nonembolized myocardium and increases coronary blood flow. For ischemic preconditioning (IP) to protect the myocardium against infarction, an increase in the interstitial adenosine concentration (iADO) prior to the subsequent ...
Zhang Qihang - - 2004
We tested the hypothesis that myocardial stunning would be reduced by increased cyclic GMP and cGMP protein kinase activity. Hearts were instrumented in eight open-chest anesthetized dogs. The left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was occluded for 15 minutes followed by a 30-minute recovery and infusion of 8-Bromo-cGMP (0.1 and ...
Bolli Roberto - - 2004
Over the past 30 years, hundreds of experimental interventions (both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic) have been reported to protect the ischemic myocardium in experimental animals; however, with the exception of early reperfusion, none has been translated into clinical practice. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute convened a working group to ...
Valtchanova-Matchouganska A - - 2004
For the first time the involvement of C-Reactive protein (CRP) in early (acute) and delayed ischemic (IPC) and pharmacological (chemical) preconditioning (CPC) in an in vivo model of rat myocardial infarction was presented. Acute IPC was produced by three 5 minute occlusion (ischemia) periods interspersed with 5 minute reperfusion, followed ...
Dickson Eric W - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Intermittent brief "preconditioning" (PC) ischemia has been shown to render the heart resistant to a subsequent sustained ischemic insult, in part through an opioid-dependent mechanism. Using the rabbit model, we tested the hypothesis that intermittent in vivo apnea elicits a cardioprotective response similar to that achieved with conventional PC ...
Gamperl A Kurt - - 2004
Fish cardiac physiology and anatomy show a multiplicity of intraspecific modifications when exposed to prolonged changes in environmentally relevant parameters such as temperature, hypoxia and food availability, and when meeting the increased demands associated with training/increased activity and sexual maturation. Further, there is evidence that rearing fish under intensive aquaculture ...
Beresewicz Andrzej - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: A hypothesis was tested that a reaction product between superoxide (O2-) and nitric oxide (NO) mediates post-ischemic coronary endothelial dysfunction that ischemic preconditioning (IPC) protects the endothelium by preventing post-ischemic cardiac O2- and/or NO formation, and that the opening of the mitochondrial ATP-dependent potassium channel (mKATP) plays a role ...
Gamperl A Kurt - - 2004
Research has shown that the trout heart is normally hypoxia-sensitive, and that it can be preconditioned. However, we have identified a group of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss that shows a surprising degree of myocardial hypoxia tolerance. In this study, we used in situ hearts from these fish as a comparative ...
Ogita Hisakazu - - 2004
The purpose of this study is to examine whether raloxifene, one of the selective estrogen receptor modulators, could improve myocardial ischemia and to assess the mechanisms involved. In open-chest beagle dogs anesthetized by intravenous infusion of sodium pentobarbital, the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was perfused from the left ...
Samarkandi A H AH Dept. of Anaesthesia, Faculty of Medicine, King Saud University; Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. - - 2004
Twenty ASA III and IV adult patients scheduled for elective coronary artery surgery were included in the study. Anesthesia was induced and maintained with either sevoflurane (sevoflurane group; n = 10) or propofol (propofol group; n = 10). All preoperative cardiac medications were continued until the morning of surgery. There ...
Wang Sheng - - 2004
1 The antioxidant properties of flavonols in vivo and their potential benefits in myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury have been little investigated. We evaluated the ability of a synthetic flavonol, 3',4'-dihydroxyflavonol (DiOHF) to scavenge superoxide in post-I/R myocardium and to prevent myocardial I/R injury. 2 Anaesthetized sheep were studied in four ...
Kristensen Jens - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Reliable methods for assessment of tissue reperfusion early after revascularizing therapy for acute myocardial infarction are needed. Myocardial perfusion imaging with Tc sestamibi (MIBI MPI) may serve this purpose. Usage during early reperfusion may be problematic e.g. due to ischaemic preconditioning (IP), which is important in inducing ischaemic tolerance. ...
Riess Matthias L - - 2004
A steadily increasing number of investigations demonstrate that preconditioning with volatile anesthetics attenuates the deleterious effects of myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury by an ischemic preconditioning-like mechanism. Thus volatile anesthetics may represent the best choice for anesthesia of patients at risk for myocardial ischemia. However, factors such as old age, ...
Carr-White Gerald - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Many patients with coronary artery disease demonstrate chronic resting ischaemic myocardial dysfunction. We have investigated whether this ischaemia influences the myocardial damage caused by the period of coronary occlusion involved in beating heart surgery. METHODS: Thirty-three patients with chronic stable angina and normal left ventricular ejection fraction were studied. ...
Schulz Rainer - - 2004
Connexin 43 (Cx43) is the essential protein to form hemichannels and gap junctions in the myocardium. The phosphorylation status of Cx43 which is regulated by a variety of protein kinases and phosphatases determines hemichannel and/or gap junction conductance and permeability. Gap junctions are involved in cell-cell coupling while hemichannels contribute ...
Cui Jianhua - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A recent study showed increased myocardial content of ceramide and sphingosine during preconditioning (PC). Because sphingosine-1-phosphate, a metabolite of ceramide, may function as an antiapoptotic factor, we hypothesized the increased ceramide during PC may be heart's effort to harness its own protection. STUDY DESIGN: The isolated hearts were divided ...
Rakotovao Andry - - 2004
It is now well established that oxidative stress resulting from reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are generated in cardiac myocytes subjected to ischemia/reperfusion plays a causative role in the development of heart failure and may contribute to promote cell death. During the last decade, several groups have reported that, in ...
Pagel Paul S - - 2004
Recent evidence suggests that chronic ingestion of small quantities of ethanol may protect myocardium from ischemic injury by activating many of the endogenous signal transduction elements that have been implicated during other forms of preconditioning. Studies conducted in a variety of animal models in vitro and in vivo have indicated ...
Juhasz Bela - - 2004
We studied the effects of various cycles of preconditioning (PC) (one cycle, 1 x PC; two cycles, 2 x PC; three cycles, 3 x PC; and four cycles, 4 x PC) on cardiac function, infarct size, and the incidence of reperfusion-induced arrhythmias in isolated hearts obtained from rabbits with hypercholesterolemia. ...
Benter Ibrahim F - - 2004
The signaling pathways involved in ischemic heart disease are not well characterized. In this study, the roles of Ras-GTPase, tyrosine kinases (TKs) and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) in global ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) in a perfused rat heart model were investigated and compared to beneficial effects produced by preconditioning ...
Lindhardt T B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Repeated episodes of myocardial ischaemia may lead to ischaemic preconditioning. This is believed to be mediated by the ATP sensitive potassium channels. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of pharmacological modulation of the ATP sensitive potassium channels during repeated coronary occlusions. DESIGN: Double blind, double dummy study. METHODS: 38 patients ...
Krenz Maike - - 2004
Epidemiological data suggest that a cardioprotective effect of acute alcohol exposure exists in humans. Recent studies in animal models indicate that transient alcohol exposure can indeed reduce myocardial infarct size and exert a preconditioning-like protective effect akin to ischemic preconditioning (IPC). Moreover, the mechanism of alcohol-induced cardioprotection in part resembles ...
Das Dipak K - - 2004
Thioredoxins are a class of small redox-regulating proteins that appear to play a crucial role in many oxidative stress-inducible degenerative diseases. A recent study demonstrated a reduction of thioredoxin-1 (Trx1) protein in the ischemic reperfused myocardium. When the same heart was adapted to ischemic stress by preconditioning with repeated cyclic ...
Qin Qining - - 2004
Exogenous nitric oxide (NO) triggers a preconditioning-like effect in heart via a pathway that is dependent on reactive oxygen species. This study examined the signaling pathway by which the NO donor S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP, 2 microM) triggers its anti-infarct effect. Isolated rabbit hearts experienced 30 min of regional ischemia and 120 ...
Overgaard Johannes - - 2004
In many vertebrates, a short episode of oxygen lack protects against myocardial necrosis during a subsequent, longer period of oxygen deprivation. This protective effect, termed preconditioning, also improves the functional recovery. Improved functional recovery has been reported for hypoxia-sensitive, in situ perfused rainbow trout hearts, but appears absent in another ...
Ebel Dirk - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Short administration of volatile anesthetics preconditions myocardium and protects the heart against the consequences of subsequent ischemia. Activation of tyrosine kinase is implicated in ischemic preconditioning. The authors investigated whether desflurane-induced preconditioning depends on activation of tyrosine kinase. METHODS: Sixty-four rabbits were instrumented for measurement of left ventricular pressure, ...
Riess Matthias L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Anesthetic preconditioning (APC) with sevoflurane reduces myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. The authors tested whether two brief exposures to sevoflurane would lead to a better preconditioning state than would a single longer exposure and whether dual exposure to a lower (L) concentration of sevoflurane would achieve an outcome similar to that ...
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