Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1214
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Monnet Xavier - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Although the signalling pathways of late preconditioning have been extensively investigated, its consequence for myocardial metabolism remains unknown. Thus, myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO2) was evaluated before and under late preconditioning. METHODS: In 7 chronically instrumented dogs, we measured MVO2 in vivo at baseline and during inotropic stimulation with dobutamine ...
Szekeres L?szl? - - 2005
Drug-induced delayed cardiac protection (DCP) against the effects of acute myocardial ischemia was first described 22 years ago by the author and his coworkers. It can be initiated by noninjurious pharmacological doses of prostacyclin (PGI2), its stable analogues, and by catecholamines. DCP protects against many consequences of ischemia, attenuating early ...
McLeod Christopher J - - 2005
Transient cardiac ischemia activates cell survival signaling, conferring subsequent ischemia tolerance to the heart. This biological phenomenon, termed ischemic preconditioning, results in improved clinical outcome and attenuated infarct size following myocardial infarction. To explore genomic modifications underpinning this ischemia tolerance, we delineated the regulation and function of the cardiac enriched ...
Joyeux-Faure M - - 2005
Erythropoietin (EPO), the principal hematopoietic cytokine produced by the kidney and the liver in fetuses, regulates mammalian erythropoiesis and exhibits diverse cellular effects in non-hematopoietic tissues. The introduction of recombinant human EPO (rhEPO) has marked a significant advance in the management of anemia associated with chronic renal failure. At the ...
Lango Romuald - - 2005
Diabetic hearts are particularly vulnerable to ischemia-reperfusion injury during cardiac surgery. Application of carnitine derivatives could be beneficial not only because of metabolic effects but also by protecting vasculature. This study aimed to evaluate hemodynamic changes associated with propionyl-L-carnitine and L-carnitine administration and its correlation with biochemical markers of cardiac ...
Skyschally Andreas - - 2005
Transient episodes of angina preceding acute myocardial infarction may both, protect the myocardium by ischemic preconditioning or damage it when associated with coronary microembolization. We now studied the potential loss of ischemic preconditioning with coronary microembolization. Anesthetized pigs (group 1; n=8) were subjected to 90 min sustained low-flow ischemia. Group ...
Boengler Kerstin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Connexin 43 (Cx43) is involved in infarct size reduction by ischemic preconditioning (IP); the underlying mechanism of protection, however, is unknown. Since mitochondria have been proposed to be involved in IP's protection, the present study analyzed whether Cx43 is localized at mitochondria of cardiomyocytes and whether such localization is ...
Chen Bao-Ping - - 2005
1. It is known that infusion of the gap junction uncoupler heptanol, before ischaemia or during reperfusion, limits myocardial infarct size. However, whether this cardiac effect is linked to the effect of heptanol on communication across gap junctions has not been elucidated. The aims of the present study were to ...
Morihira Masahiko - - 2006
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) enhance myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Ischemic preconditioning (PC) provides potent cardioprotective effects in I/R. However, it has not been elucidated whether PC diminishes ROS stress in I/R and whether PC protects the myocardium from ROS stress transmurally and homogeneously. Isolated rabbit hearts perfused with Krebs-Henseleit buffer ...
Labruto Fausto - - 2005
We hypothesized that intraperitoneal injections of anaesthetics or fluid per se might evoke a delayed preconditioning-like response in mice hearts isolated and Langendorff perfused 24 h later. To test this, mice were given opioid anaesthesia by intraperitoneal injections or sham treated and the hearts were harvested and subjected to global ...
Raphael Jacob - - 2005
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of ischemic preconditioning (IP) on hydroxyl free radical production in an in vivo rabbit model of regional ischemia and reperfusion. Another goal was to determine whether K(ATP) channels are involved in these effects. The hearts of anesthetized and mechanically ventilated ...
Konstantinov Igor E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We assess whether remote ischemic preconditioning (rIPC) of the recipient can modify ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in the donor heart following orthotopic heart transplantation from brain dead donors and to examine potential mechanisms of protection. METHODS: Sixteen pigs weighing from 26 to 34.2 (mean 29.2) kg, randomized to control group ...
Heerdt Paul M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that anesthesia alone or in combination with high F(I)(O)2 alters expression of the myocardial calcium cycling proteins, sarcoplasmic endoreticular calcium adenosine triphosphatase subtype 2a (SERCA2a), and the sarcolemmal sodium-calcium exchanger (NCX). DESIGN: Multigroup comparison of protein expression using analysis ...
Chen Yih-Sharng - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Remote preconditioning (RPC) for myocardial protection had been demonstrated in several organs, such as the kidney and mesentery artery. The aim of study was to investigate the effect of skeletal ischemia/reperfusion on coronary artery occlusion-induced myocardial infarction and to investigate the role of the free radicals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ...
Korbmacher B - - 2005
AIM: Adenosine (Ado) triggers ischemic preconditioning. We investigated whether Ado provides additional myocardial protection in patients during intermittent aortic cross-clamping (IAC) bypass surgery. METHODS: The placebo group was made of 15 male of 66+/-8 years while the Ado group was made of 19 male of 65+/-10 years. The patients of ...
Rezkalla S H - - 2005
Brief episodes of ischemia prior to coronary occlusion protect the heart during sustained coronary ischemia and is known as ischemic preconditioning. During acute myocardial infarction it is associated with smaller infarction size, less cardiac arrhythmias, and better left ventricular function. Brief balloon inflation in the cardiac catheterization laboratory during coronary ...
Jiang Xiaojing - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate the time course of morphine-induced delayed cardioprotection and examine the role of cyclooxygenase (COX) in this cardioprotective effect. BACKGROUND: Cyclooxygenase-2 has been shown to be essential for the delayed cardioprotection induced by ischemic preconditioning and delta-opioid agonists. METHODS: Male mice were subjected to 45 min ...
Kristiansen Steen B - - 2005
ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels are involved in the mechanisms underlying ischemic preconditioning. KATP channels open during ischemia, presumably secondary to intracellular metabolic alterations. The direct effects of KATP channel modulation on myocardial metabolism have not been studied. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether a KATP opener ...
Juhaszova Magdalena - - 2005
The aged heart has a diminished functional and adaptive reserve capacity, an increased susceptibility to incur damage (e.g., as a result of ischemia), and a limited practical ability for repair/regeneration. Thus, there has been considerable interest to harness the heart's endogenous capacity to resist such damage, known as ischemic preconditioning ...
Jneid Hani - - 2005
Ischemic preconditioning (PC) is a polygenic defensive cellular adaptive phenomenon of the heart to ischemic stress, whereby the heart changes its phenotype to become more resistant to subsequent ischemia. Early and late of PC represent two chronologically and pathophysiologically distinct phases of this phenomenon, which can be recruited pharmacologically. We ...
Buyukates Mustafa - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of ischemic preconditioning (IP) on myocardium and the level of nitric oxide (NO) in patients undergoing aorta-coronary bypass surgery. METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients with coronary artery disease were subjected into two equal groups; the IP group and the control ...
Wolfrum Sebastian - - 2005
Excitation of sensory nerves and activation of myocardial protein kinase C (PKC) epsilon contribute to the transduction of remote preconditioning (RPC) to the heart. Since calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) is an important mediator of sensory neurons we tried to delineate whether CGRP a) protects the heart from ischemic injury, ...
Pasupathy Shanker - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Ischemic preconditioning (IP) has emerged as a powerful experimental method of ameliorating ischemic injury in a variety of organs. This systematic review examines the surgical implications of this phenomenon. Data Source A MEDLINE search was conducted to identify laboratory and clinical studies investigating IP-induced protection in a variety of ...
Bienengraeber Martin W - - 2005
Preconditioning describes a very powerful endogenous mechanism by which the heart may be protected against ischemia and reperfusion injury. Transient administration of a volatile anesthetic before a prolonged ischemic episode reduces myocardial infarct size to a degree comparable to that observed during ischemic preconditioning. Many components of the signal transduction ...
Makaula Siyanda - - 2005
Myocardial ischemia is associated with increased production of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), with potentially deleterious effects. We hypothesized that the ischemia-induced activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA), could beneficially be inhibited by a PKA-inhibitor N-(2-[p-bromocinnamylamino]ethyl)-5-isoquinoline-sulfonamide (H-89). H-89 when given to isolated perfused rat hearts before 30 minutes of global ...
Tong Haiyan - - 2005
This study examines the role of the beta2-adrenergic receptor (beta2-AR) in cardioprotection. The beta2-AR couples to Gs and Gi proteins. Gs activates PKA, which phosphorylates the receptor and switches beta2-AR coupling from Gs to Gi. Prior to 20 min of global ischemia, mouse hearts were either perfused for 30 min ...
Berg Jette Scheby JS Clinical Institute and Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby Sygehus, Brendstrupgårdsvej 100, DK-8200 Arhus N, Denmark. - - 2005
The coronary vascular resistance (CVR) after off pump coronary bypass (OPCAB) surgery has never been clarified and ways of preventing stunning are wanted. We wished to investigate the effect of ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) on the CVR and stunning in the postoperative period after OPCAB. In 20 pigs (80 kg), 7 ...
Baker John E - - 2005
Ischemic preconditioning is a powerful endogenous phenomenon in which brief periods of a sub-toxic ischemic insult induce robust protection against future, lengthy, lethal ischemia. The cardioprotective effects of ischemic preconditioning are manifest in all species studied so far, including humans. The ability to reproduce the cardioprotective effects of ischemic preconditioning ...
Anastasiou-Nana Maria I - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The effects of myocardial ischaemia preconditioning in pigs on the vulnerability to ventricular fibrillation during subsequent ischaemic events are controversial. This study examined the time course of changes in ventricular fibrillation (VFT) and defibrillation (DFT) thresholds during transient myocardial ischaemia after a 45 min preconditioning period. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Simůnek T - - 2005
Risk of cardiotoxicity is the most serious drawback of the clinical usefulness of anthracycline antineoplastic antibiotics, which however, remain among the most powerful and widely employed anticancer drugs. In this study we have used daunorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy in rabbits as a model to investigate possible cardioprotective effects of pyridoxal isonicotinoyl hydrazone ...
Pelat M - - 2005
Despite the apparent redundancy of NOS isoforms in the myocardium, subcellular compartmentation dictates specific NO signaling from each isoform to colocalized effectors in response to physical (e.g. stretch) or receptor-mediated stimuli. Genetic deletion or overexpression experiments helped to characterize each isoform's respective role in the normal or diseased heart. eNOS ...
Lehmann Andreas - - 2005
The use of volatile anesthetics in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting resulted in a shorter length of stay (LOS) in the intensive care unit, shorter LOS in the hospital, and a decreased need for prolonged intensive care. Volatile anesthetics exert cardioprotective effects by anesthetic preconditioning in patients at risk ...
Valtchanova-Matchouganska A A Tara Hospital, The Morose Centre, Johannesburg, South - - 2005
The involvement of C-reactive protein (CRP) in early (acute) and delayed ischaemic (IPC) and pharmacological (chemical) (CPC) preconditioning in an in vivo model of rat myocardial infarction is presented. Acute IPC was produced by three 5-min occlusion (ischaemia) periods interspersed with 5 min reperfusion, followed by 30-min occlusion of the ...
Valen Guro - - 2005
In spite of improved myocardial protection, postoperative arrhythmias and cardiac failure are still important problems causing morbidity and mortality in cardiac surgery. Ischemic preconditioning has been widely investigated experimentally with the purpose of identifying new therapeutic agents, but we have not unraveled the underlying mechanisms and we are not able ...
Hausenloy Derek J - - 2005
Novel treatment approaches, as potential adjunctive therapy to current reperfusion strategies (such as thrombolysis, primary coronary angioplasty, and cardiac surgery), are required to provide further cardioprotection in the setting of an acute myocardial infarction to effect further reductions in morbidity and mortality. In this regard, the activation of prosurvival kinases, ...
Rorabaugh Boyd R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Brief periods of ischemia stimulate an endogenous mechanism in the heart that protects the myocardium from subsequent ischemic injury. alpha1-Adrenergic receptors (ARs) have been implicated in this process. However, the lack of sufficiently selective antagonists has made it difficult to determine which alpha1-AR subtype protects the heart from ischemic ...
Birnbaum Yochai - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Statins attenuate myocardial ischemic injury by activating nitric oxide synthase (NOS). It is unknown whether cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2), which mediates late ischemic preconditioning, also mediates statins-induced cardioprotection. We investigated the involvement of the prostaglandins and NOS in the cardioprotective effect of atorvastatin (ATV) in the rat. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were ...
Jin Zhu-Qiu - - 2005
Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) is one of the main antioxidant enzymes that protects the heart against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is a short period of ischemia-reperfusion that reduces subsequent prolonged I/R injury. Although MnSOD localizes in mitochondria, the immediate subcellular distribution of MnSOD in heart after IPC and ...
Argaud Laurent - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Brief periods of ischemia performed just at the time of reperfusion can reduce infarct size, a phenomenon called "postconditioning." After reflow, opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) has been involved in lethal reperfusion injury. We hypothesized that postconditioning may modulate mPTP opening. METHODS AND RESULTS: Anesthetized open-chest ...
Demiryürek Seniz - - 2005
The objective of this study was to examine the effects of Y-27632, a selective Rho-kinase inhibitor, on ischemic preconditioning (IP) and carbachol preconditioning (CP) in anesthetized rats. Administration of Y-27632 (0.1 mg/kg) produced slight, but not significant, reduction in mean arterial blood pressure and suppressed the total number of ventricular ...
Smith Sharon L - - 2005
KTX 0101 is the sodium salt of the physiological ketone, D-beta-hydroxybutyrate (betaOHB). This neuroprotectant, which has recently successfully completed clinical Phase IA evaluation, is being developed as an intravenous infusion fluid to prevent the cognitive deficits caused by ischemic foci in the brain during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery. KTX 0101 ...
Dendorfer Andreas - - 2005
Iron chelation by deferoxamine (DFO) blocks the Fenton reaction, but also inhibits prolyl hydroxylases and thereby activates certain hypoxia-inducible transcription factors (HIFs) that trigger cellular adaptation to hypoxia. Because both mechanisms may alleviate tissue damage in ischemia and reperfusion, we tried to differentiate their contribution to DFO-induced cardioprotection. Myocardial ischemia ...
Marín-García José - - 2005
Cardioprotection is a mechanism of guarding the heart from damage secondary to different insults including ischaemia, ischaemia/reperfusion, chemical, metabolic and physical stressors. Ischemic preconditioning, by single or multiple brief periods of ischaemia, protects the heart against a more prolonged ischemic insult (index ischaemia). Understanding the cellular, molecular and biochemical events ...
Portnychenko Alla G - - 2005
To determine the participation of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in cardiodepressive phenomena during late preconditioning caused by subtoxic doses of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Spontaneously beating hearts isolated from male Wistar rats (350 g to 400 g), intact or preconditioned with LPS (0.25 mg/kg given intraperitoneally 18 h before heart excision), ...
Inagaki M M Department of Cardiovascular Dynamics, National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute, Suita, - - 2005
Although previous animal studies clearly demonstrated antiarrhythmic effects of vagal stimulation during acute myocardial ischemia, highly invasive nature of vagal stimulation limited its clinical use. Recently, intravascular parasympathetic cardiac nerve stimulation (IPS) has emerged as a novel approach to the cardiac autonomic nervous system. We hypothesized that IPS might prevent ...
Tsai Shen-Kou - - 2004
Nitric oxide (NO) is the mediator of ischemic preconditioning against myocardial infarction. Desflurane produces anesthetic preconditioning to protect the myocardium against infarction. In the model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rabbits, we evaluated desflurane-induced ischemic preconditioning and studied its mechanism of NO synthesis. Thirty-two male adult New Zealand white rabbits ...
Inagaki Koichi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We previously showed that a selective activator peptide of epsilon-protein kinase C (PKC), psi(epsilon)RACK, conferred cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion when delivered ex vivo before the ischemic event. Here, we tested whether in vivo continuous systemic delivery of psi(epsilon)RACK confers sustained cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion in isolated mouse hearts and whether psi(epsilon)RACK ...
Stein Adam B AB Division of Cardiology, The Institute of Molecular Cardiology, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, - - 2005
Mounting evidence suggests that carbon monoxide (CO) exerts powerful cytoprotective actions. CO-releasing molecules (CORMs) offer an effective means of delivering CO to tissues in vivo. The goal of the present study was to determine whether a water-soluble CORM, tricarbonylchloro(glycinato)ruthenium(II) (CORM-3), induces delayed protection against myocardial infarction 24 h later and ...
Detillieux Karen A - - 2004
In the field of cardiovascular research, a number of independent approaches have been explored to protect the heart from acute and chronic ischemic damage. Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) recently has received considerable attention with respect to its angiogenic potential. While therapeutic angiogenesis may serve to salvage chronically ischemic myocardium, more ...
Rezkalla Shereif H - - 2004
In animals, brief episodes of ischemia before a total coronary occlusion protect the heart and result in a smaller myocardial infarct size. In humans, episodes of angina before acute myocardial infarction might also confer a preconditioning or protective effect; numerous studies show that preinfarction angina is associated with smaller infarcts. ...
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