Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1207
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Shirakawa, Kazuyuki
It was reported that apoptotic cell death was observed in ischemia-ï½’eperfused rabbit heart as well as necrotic cell death. Ischemic preconditioning (PC) has a potent anti-myocardial infarction effect on the ischemia-reperfused model. However, the effects of PC on the apoptosis caused by the ischemia-reperfusion have never been clarified. We performed ...
Lundberg Kathleen C - - 2006
Loss in mitochondrial function and induction of mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis occur as a result of cardiac ischemia/reperfusion. Brief and repeated cycles of ischemia/reperfusion, termed ischemic preconditioning, prevent or minimize contractile dysfunction and apoptosis associated with prolonged episodes of cardiac ischemia and reperfusion. The effects of preconditioning on various indices of ischemia/reperfusion-induced ...
Kloner Robert A - - 2006
Ischemic preconditioning is a well-established phenomenon first described in experimental preparations in which brief episodes of ischemia/reperfusion applied prior to a longer coronary artery occlusion reduce myocardial infarct size. There are ample correlates of ischemic preconditioning in the clinical realm. Preconditioning mimetic agents that stimulate the biochemical pathways of ischemic ...
Downey James M - - 2006
Acute myocardial infarction is caused by coronary occlusion, and the mainstay of treatment has become reperfusion by either coronary angioplasty with possible stenting or surgical bypass grafting. Unfortunately, reperfusion can seldom be done soon enough to prevent infarction. Thus, the search for effective cardioprotection has been ongoing for more than ...
Koo E H - - 2006
Both ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) and amiodarone protect against myocardial ischaemia. We examined whether a combination of IPC and amiodarone demonstrated an additive protective effect in isolated rat hearts (n = 40). The controls (group I) were subjected to ischaemia/ reperfusion injury; group II was subjected to cycles of IPC prior ...
De Hert Stefan G - - 2006
All volatile anesthetics have been shown to induce a dose-dependent decrease in myocardial contractility and cardiac loading conditions. These depressant effects decrease myocardial oxygen demand and may, therefore, have a beneficial role on the myocardial oxygen balance during myocardial ischemia. Recently, experimental evidence has clearly demonstrated that in addition to ...
Inagaki Koichi - - 2006
Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the western world. Ischemic damage can occur by acute myocardial infarction, stable angina, cardiac stunning, and myocardial hibernation. In addition, 'scheduled' ischemic events, occurring during cardiac surgery, heart transplantation, and elective angioplasty, can also result in cardiac damage. ...
Goette Andreas - - 2006
AIMS: Injury to the heart causes haematopoietic and endothelial progenitor cells (PCs) to migrate to the site of damage and to undergo PC differentiation, which may contribute to angiogenesis and myocardial tissue repair. We sought to determine the cardiac uptake of PC in patients with moderate-to-severe congestive heart failure (CHF) ...
Salloum Fadi N - - 2006
cGMP and opening of mitochondrial K(ATP) channel play an important role in preconditioning of the heart following ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. We investigated the cardioprotective effect of vardenafil (VAR) (Levitra), a highly selective and biochemically potent inhibitor of phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) that enhances erectile function in men through up-regulation of cGMP. Rabbits ...
Kyoi Shiori - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Dystrophin is a sarcolemmal membrane protein that prevents the myocyte from oncosis induced by physical stress. Because ischemic preconditioning (IPC) protects mitochondria and prevents oncosis during reperfusion, we hypothesized that dystrophin is an end-target of IPC distal to mitochondrial protection. METHODS AND RESULTS: Isolated rat hearts were subjected to ...
Krause Korff T - - 2006
Apart from its well-known stimulation of erythropoiesis, erythropoietin (EPO) exhibits angiogenic and anti-apoptotic effects. These cellular protective effects have also been described in experimental acute myocardial infarction models. We investigated the effects of EPO in a porcine model of chronic progressive myocardial ischaemia. At weeks 2 and 6 after implantation ...
Turcato S - - 2006
The goal of this study was to determine if an ischemic preconditioning (IPC) protocol improved post-ischemic functional recovery of female mouse hearts. A previous study found that IPC did not occur in hearts from 10-week-old females. We studied Langendorff-perfused hearts from both 10- and 18-week-old mice (males and females). Hearts ...
Chiappe de Cingolani Gladys E - - 2006
Myocardial pH(i) recovery from intracellular alkalization results in part from the acid load (-J(H+)) carried by Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) anion-exchangers (AE). Three AE isoforms, AE1, AE2 and AE3, have been identified in cardiac membranes, but the function of each isoform on pH(i) homeostasis is still under investigation. This work explored, by means ...
Wajima Teruaki - - 2006
This study examined whether intravenous administration of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) reduces myocardial infarct size following ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in rats, and the mechanisms of its protective effect were also investigated. Rats were subjected to 30 minutes of ischemia by ligation of the left coronary artery and 2 hours of reperfusion. The infarct ...
Gross Garrett J - - 2006
In the current study, the improved oral bioavailability of a synthetic astaxanthin derivative (Cardax; disodium disuccinate astaxanthin) was utilized to evaluate its potential effects as a cardioprotective agent after 7-day subchronic oral administration as a feed supplement to Sprague-Dawley rats. Animals received one of two concentrations of Cardax in feed ...
Das Dipak K - - 2006
Resveratrol, a polyphenol phytoalexin, possesses diverse biochemical and physiological actions, including estrogenic, antiplatelet, and anti-inflammatory properties. Several recent studies determined the cardioprotective abilities of resveratrol. Both in experiments (acute) and in chronic models, resveratrol attenuates myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury, atherosclerosis, and reduces ventricular arrhythmias. It appears that resveratrol-mediated cardioprotection is ...
Chai Wenxia - - 2006
Brief coronary artery occlusion can protect the heart against damage during subsequent prolonged coronary artery occlusion; ischemic preconditioning. The role of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in ischemic preconditioning is investigated in isolated perfused rat hearts, by measuring CGRP release during ischemic preconditioning and mimicking this by exogenous CGRP infusion, either ...
Codispoti Massimiliano - - 2006
Although hypothermia and ischaemic preconditioning (IP) are independently recognised mechanisms of cardioprotection, interactions between myocardial temperature and preconditioning have not been investigated. Therefore, this study explored the possibility of inducing IP during hypothermia and quantifying its effects at two temperature regimens commonly used in clinical practice. One hundred and four ...
McDonough Kathleen H - - 2006
Sepsis, bacteremia and inflammation cause myocardial depression. The mechanism of the dysfunction is not clearly established partly because dysfunction can be elicited by many different mechanisms which can all manifest in disruption of myocardial mechanical function. In addition the models of sepsis and bacteremia and inflammation may vary drastically in ...
Das Samarjit - - 2006
Angiotensin II (Ang II) has been found to exert preconditioning-like effect on mammalian hearts. Diverse mechanisms are known to exist to explain the cardioprotective abilities of Ang II preconditioning. The present study hypothesized, based on the recent report that Ang II generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) through NADPH oxidase, that ...
Yada Toyotaka - - 2006
Rho-kinase modulates calcium sensitivity of the myosin light chain in smooth muscle cells and has been implicated as playing a pathogenetic role in cardiovascular disorders. This paper was aimed to determine whether hydroxyfasudil (a specific Rho-kinase inhibitor) exerts cardioprotective effect on coronary ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, and if so, whether NO ...
Hennan James K - - 2006
This study examines the cardioprotective effects of Na+/H+ exchange inhibition with BIIB-722 or ischemic preconditioning after occlusive thrombus formation and subsequent thrombolysis for reperfusion. Coronary artery thrombosis was induced by vessel wall electrolytic injury. Thrombotic occlusion was maintained for 60 or 90 min in 4 different groups: (1) control; (2) ...
Dusenbery David B - - 2006
A previous general model describing physical constraints on gamete encounter rates was modified to incorporate assumptions that increased size causes decreased swimming speed and increased fertile period (or other proportional enhancement to gamete fertility). The analysis indicates that with moderately strong size dependence of fertile period and a range of ...
Wynne Abigail M - - 2005
Ischemic preconditioning, the most powerful protection against infarction, activates PI3Kinase (PI3K)/AKT and P42/44MAPK. Pioglitazone, a thiazolidinedione and PPARgamma receptor agonist used in Type II diabetes treatment, has been shown to activate these kinase cascades. We therefore hypothesized that pioglitazone could protect the myocardium when given prior to myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. ...
Riess Matthias L - - 2005
Anesthetic preconditioning (APC) reduces myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. Recent investigations have reported that older hearts are not susceptible to APC. We investigated if increasing heart size with age determines the susceptibility to APC in young guinea pigs. Langendorff-prepared guinea pig hearts of different weights (1.1-2.2 g) and ages (2-7 wks) were ...
Raphael J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Isoflurane and other volatile anaesthetics have a cardioprotective effect and limit myocardial infarct size to the same extent as ischaemic preconditioning. Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) was found to play a key role in myocardial protection by ischaemic preconditioning. The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate whether isoflurane-induced myocardial preconditioning ...
Andelová E E Institute for Heart Research, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, 840 05 Bratislava 45, Slovakia. - - 2005
Nitric oxide (NO) is an important regulator of myocardial function and vascular tone under physiological conditions. However, its role in the pathological situations, such as myocardial ischemia is not unequivocal, and both positive and negative effects have been demonstrated in different experimental settings including human pathology. The aim of the ...
Lecour Sandrine - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Ceramide induces programmed cell death and it is thought to contribute to cardiac ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. In contrast, we have demonstrated that administration of low doses of ceramide engenders cardiac preconditioning (PC). Ceramide is known to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cells. Since mechanisms triggering the ceramide-induced cardioprotection ...
Jones Steven P - - 2006
In recent years, major advances have been made toward understanding the role of nitric oxide (NO) in the ischemic biology of the heart. It is now clear that NO, either endogenous or exogenous, represents one of the most important defenses against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. The purpose of this review is ...
Verma Daya D - - 2005
PURPOSE: We assessed whether the infusion of ATP-loaded liposomes (ATP-L) can limit the fraction of the irreversibly damaged myocardium in rabbits with an experimental myocardial infarction. METHODS: ATP-L, empty liposomes (EL), or Krebs-Henseleit (KH) buffer were administered by intracoronary infusion, followed by 30 min of occlusion and 3 h of ...
Obal Detlef - - 2005
Volatile anesthetics induce myocardial preconditioning and can also protect the heart when given at the onset of reperfusion-a practice recently termed "postconditioning." We investigated the role of mitochondrial KATP (mKATP)-channels in sevoflurane-induced cardioprotection for both preconditioning and postconditioning alone and whether there is a synergistic effect of both. Rats were ...
Yellon Derek M - - 2005
After an acute myocardial infarction (AMI), early reperfusion by thrombolysis or primary percutaneous coronary intervention remains the most-effective strategy for limiting the size of an evolving infarct. The mortality from AMI, however, remains significant, due partly to the lethal reperfusion injury that occurs on reperfusing the ischemic myocardium. Novel cardioprotective ...
Fujii Masahiro - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Previously, we showed intermittent cross-clamp fibrillation afforded equivalent protection to cardioplegia. This study examined whether protection induced by intermittent cross-clamp fibrillation involves an ischemic preconditioning mechanism. METHODS: Isolated Langendorff-perfused rat hearts were subjected to three different studies to determine: Study 1, whether a single intermittent cross-clamp fibrillation episode (10 ...
Chen Xiao-Guang - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at assessing the effect of noninvasive limb preconditioning on myocardial infarct size, and determining whether nitric oxide and neurogenic pathway play an important role in the mechanism of acute remote ischemic preconditioning (IPC). METHODS: Forty Wistar rats were randomly divided into four experimental groups. In Group ...
Wainwright Cherry L - - 2005
Soon after its identification as a powerful vasoconstrictor peptide, endothelin (ET-1) was implicated as a detrimental agent involved in determining the outcome of myocardial ischaemia and reperfusion. Early experimental studies demonstrated that ET(A) selective and mixed ET(A)/ET(B) receptor antagonists can reduce infarct size and prevent ischaemia-induced ventricular arrhythmias in models ...
Mieno Shigetoshi - - 2005
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) protects hearts against ischemia by reducing infarct size. However, IPC does not preserve cardiac function, such as left ventricular peak developed pressure (LVPDP). Moreover, IPC fails to protect the post-myocardial infarct (MI) heart. Rat hearts were transfected with beta2-adrenergic receptor (B2AR) cDNA by the hemagglutinating virus of ...
Tang Xian-Liang - - 2005
Although the late phase of ischemic preconditioning (PC) is known to confer cardioprotection in healthy animal models, it is unknown whether this phenomenon exists in the presence of hypercholesterolemia. The goal of this study was to determine whether the infarct-sparing effect of late PC is affected by hypercholesterolemia and, if ...
Yamada Kazuto - - 2005
The effects of SM-197378, 2-[[[amino(imino)methyl]amino]carbonyl]-1-methyl-4-trifluoromethyl-1H-indol-7-yl=hydrogen=sulfate monohydrate, a novel potent Na+/H+exchange inhibitor, on heart injury were studied using a rabbit model involving 30 min of myocardial ischemia and 5 h of reperfusion. Intravenous administration of SM-197378 before ischemia reduced the infarct size by approximately 30-50% in a dose-dependent manner. This anti-necrotic ...
Vahlhaus Christian - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Whether the CK-MB reducing effect of ischemic preconditioning (IP) by unstable angina within 24 to 48 hours before CABG is achieved by early or by delayed preconditioning of left ventricular myocardium in humans is unknown. We investigated whether IP is associated with phosphorylation of p38 MAPK (characteristic ...
Weber N C - - 2005
A variety of laboratory and clinical studies clearly indicate that exposure to anaesthetic agents can lead to a pronounced protection of the myocardium against ischaemia-reperfusion injury. Several changes in the protein structure of the myocardium that may mediate this cardioprotection have been identified. Ischaemia-reperfusion of the heart occurs in a ...
Weber Nina C - - 2005
The mechanisms by which ischaemia reperfusion injury can be influenced have been the subject of extensive research in the last decades. Early restoration of arterial blood flow and surgical measures to improve the ischaemic tolerance of the tissue are the main therapeutic options currently in clinical use. In experimental settings ...
De Hert Stefan G - - 2005
Experimental evidence has clearly demonstrated that volatile anaesthetic agents have direct protective properties against reversible and irreversible ischaemic myocardial damage. These properties have been related to a direct preconditioning effect but also to an effect on the extent of reperfusion injury. The implementation of these properties during clinical anaesthesia can ...
Feng Jun - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that preconditioning the heart with bradykinin (BK) would improve the profile of antiapoptotic proteins and inhibit myocardial apoptosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighteen rabbit hearts were retrogradely perfused with Krebs-Henseleit buffer (KHB). Six control hearts were perfused with KHB for 90 minutes without cardioplegia ischemia. Six hearts were ...
Monnet Xavier - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Although the signalling pathways of late preconditioning have been extensively investigated, its consequence for myocardial metabolism remains unknown. Thus, myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO2) was evaluated before and under late preconditioning. METHODS: In 7 chronically instrumented dogs, we measured MVO2 in vivo at baseline and during inotropic stimulation with dobutamine ...
Szekeres L?szl? - - 2005
Drug-induced delayed cardiac protection (DCP) against the effects of acute myocardial ischemia was first described 22 years ago by the author and his coworkers. It can be initiated by noninjurious pharmacological doses of prostacyclin (PGI2), its stable analogues, and by catecholamines. DCP protects against many consequences of ischemia, attenuating early ...
McLeod Christopher J - - 2005
Transient cardiac ischemia activates cell survival signaling, conferring subsequent ischemia tolerance to the heart. This biological phenomenon, termed ischemic preconditioning, results in improved clinical outcome and attenuated infarct size following myocardial infarction. To explore genomic modifications underpinning this ischemia tolerance, we delineated the regulation and function of the cardiac enriched ...
Joyeux-Faure M - - 2005
Erythropoietin (EPO), the principal hematopoietic cytokine produced by the kidney and the liver in fetuses, regulates mammalian erythropoiesis and exhibits diverse cellular effects in non-hematopoietic tissues. The introduction of recombinant human EPO (rhEPO) has marked a significant advance in the management of anemia associated with chronic renal failure. At the ...
Lango Romuald - - 2005
Diabetic hearts are particularly vulnerable to ischemia-reperfusion injury during cardiac surgery. Application of carnitine derivatives could be beneficial not only because of metabolic effects but also by protecting vasculature. This study aimed to evaluate hemodynamic changes associated with propionyl-L-carnitine and L-carnitine administration and its correlation with biochemical markers of cardiac ...
Skyschally Andreas - - 2005
Transient episodes of angina preceding acute myocardial infarction may both, protect the myocardium by ischemic preconditioning or damage it when associated with coronary microembolization. We now studied the potential loss of ischemic preconditioning with coronary microembolization. Anesthetized pigs (group 1; n=8) were subjected to 90 min sustained low-flow ischemia. Group ...
Boengler Kerstin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Connexin 43 (Cx43) is involved in infarct size reduction by ischemic preconditioning (IP); the underlying mechanism of protection, however, is unknown. Since mitochondria have been proposed to be involved in IP's protection, the present study analyzed whether Cx43 is localized at mitochondria of cardiomyocytes and whether such localization is ...
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