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Results 201 - 250 of 1197
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Hausenloy D J - - 2008
Despite optimal therapy, the morbidity and mortality of coronary heart disease (CHD) remains significant, particularly in patients with diabetes or the metabolic syndrome. New strategies for cardioprotection are therefore required to improve the clinical outcomes in patients with CHD. Ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) as a cardioprotective strategy has not fulfilled it ...
Ji Bingyang - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is commonly regarded as having a powerful internal protective effect on the organs. The mechanism of IPC is not clear yet, and the controversy over the benefits and protocol of IPC still continues. In this study, we used the sensitive and specific biochemical marker: cardiac troponin-I ...
Sundset R - - 2007
Ischemic preconditioning increases the heart's tolerance to a subsequent longer ischemic period. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of early and delayed preconditioning on gap junction communication, connexin abundance, and phosphorylation in cultured neonatal rat cardiac myocytes. Prolonged ischemia followed 5 minutes after preconditioning in the ...
Wu Guo-ting - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the influence of different sulfonylureas on the myocardial protection effect of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) in isolated rat hearts, and ATP-sensitive potassium channel current (IK(ATP)) of rat ventricular myocytes. METHODS: Isolated Langendorff perfused rat hearts were randomly assigned to five groups: (1) control group, (2) IPC group, (3) ...
McLennan Peter L - - 2007
Long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are selectively incorporated into cardiac cell membranes from the diet in a dose-related manner. Regular intake can slow the heart rate, reduce myocardial oxygen consumption, and increase coronary reserve. These properties contribute to preconditioning-like effects of resistance to myocardial ischaemic damage and improved post-ischaemic ...
Bolte Craig S - - 2007
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States and developing world. Experimental and clinical studies have demonstrated that a number of interventions including brief periods of ischemia or hypoxia and certain endogenous factors such as opioids, bradykinin, growth factors or pharmacological agents are capable of protecting ...
Loukogeorgakis Stavros P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Transient limb ischemia administered before a prolonged ischemic insult has systemic protective effects against ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury (remote ischemic preconditioning [RIPC]). It has been demonstrated that protection from IR can be achieved by brief periods of ischemia applied at a remote site during an injurious ischemic event (remote postconditioning ...
Zhao Ting C - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Recent evidence has demonstrated the importance of histone deacetylases (HDAC) in the control of hypertrophic responses in the heart. However, it remains unknown whether inhibition of HDACs plays a role in myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury. We hypothesize that HDAC inhibition triggers preconditioning-like effects against I/R injury. METHODS ...
Chen Zuolei - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Postconditioning is a novel strategy of attaining cardioprotection. Previous studies have suggested morphine mimics the effects of ischemic preconditioning. Whether it is also capable of producing postconditioning or not is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine (1) whether morphine postconditioning (MPostcond) would protect the heart ...
Nishihara Masahiro - - 2007
Recently we found that the level of anti-infarct tolerance afforded by ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and erythropoietin (EPO) infusion was closely correlated with the level of Ser9-phospho-GSK-3beta upon reperfusion in the heart. To get an insight into the mechanism by which phospho-GSK-3beta protects the myocardium from ischemia/reperfusion injury, we examined the ...
Hausenloy Derek J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Whether remote ischaemic preconditioning, an intervention in which brief ischaemia of one tissue or organ protects remote organs from a sustained episode of ischaemia, is beneficial for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery is unknown. We did a single-blinded randomised controlled study to establish whether remote ischaemic preconditioning ...
Sato Hiroshi - - 2007
The present study sought to determine whether the combination of late preconditioning (PC) with postconditioning enhances the reduction in infarct size. Chronically instrumented rats were assigned to a 45-min (subset 1) or 60-min (subset 2) coronary occlusion followed by 24 h of reperfusion. In each subset, rats received no further ...
Deyhimy David I - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Recent investigations demonstrate that anesthetic preconditioning and postconditioning reduce myocardial infarct size to a degree comparable to that achieved with ischemic preconditioning. We hypothesized that the combination of sevoflurane preconditioning and postconditioning would result in greater preservation of myocardium. METHODS: Langendorff perfused rat hearts were divided into four groups: ...
Bose Amal K - - 2007
Glucagon Like Peptide-1 (GLP-1), one of the most potent incretin hormones, has potential beneficial actions on the ischaemic and failing heart. This study sought to further identify the mechanisms of action of GLP-1 on the ischaemic heart using an in vitro isolated perfused rat heart model of ischaemic-reperfusion injury (measuring ...
Kevin Leo G - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Anesthetic preconditioning (APC) is known to protect the heart against necrosis and contractile dysfunction, but protection against arrhythmias has not been well characterized. The authors hypothesized that APC alters the dispersion of electrophysiologic parameters to reduce arrhythmias after global (G) or regional (R) ischemia. DESIGN: Prospective vehicle-controlled study. SETTING: ...
Das Biswadeep - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Provocation of fatal cardiac arrhythmias has limited the use of inotropic agents as heart failure therapy. Levosimendan (LEV) is a new inodilator, whose mechanism of action includes calcium sensitization of contractile proteins and the opening of ATP-dependent potassium channels. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: The aim of this investigation was to ...
Roesner Jan P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The fibrin-derived peptide Bbeta15-42 has been shown to reduce infarct size in rodent models of ischemia-reperfusion injury. To increase its potential for translation into the clinic, we studied the effects of Bbeta15-42 in pigs, whose coronary anatomy is similar to that of humans. In addition, we evaluated the pharmacokinetics ...
Zhong Beihua - - 2007
Although the transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1)-containing afferent nerve fibers are widely distributed in the heart, the relationship between TRPV1 function and cardiac ischemic preconditioning (PC) has not been well defined. Using TRPV1 knockout mice (TRPV1(-/-)), we studied the role of TRPV1 in PC-induced myocardial protection. Hearts of ...
Meco Massimo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Recent clinical and experimental data indicate that volatile anaesthetics may precondition myocardium against ischaemia and infarction. The present clinical trial was designed to verify the cardioprotective effects of desflurane in patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass surgery. It was hypothesized that desflurane preconditioning would decrease postoperative release of troponin ...
Jin Zhu-Qiu - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Sphingosine kinase (SphK) is a key enzyme in the synthesis of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), a bioactive sphingolipid. SphK is involved in ischemic preconditioning (IPC). To date no studies in genetically altered animals have examined the role of SphK1 in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury and IPC. METHODS AND RESULTS: Wild-type ...
Minguet G - - 2007
There is an increasing body of evidence that volatile anaesthetics protect myocardium against ischaemic insult by a mechanism termed 'anaesthetic preconditioning'. Anaesthetic preconditioning and ischaemic preconditioning share several common mechanisms of action. Since ischaemic preconditioning has been demonstrated in organs other than the heart, anaesthetic preconditioning might also apply in ...
Brar Somjot S - - 2007
There are no large population-based studies on the incidence and prognosis of peripartum cardiomyopathy (PC). Between 1996 and 2005, there were 241,497 deliveries within the Southern California Kaiser healthcare system. Among these, we identified 60 cases of PC by searching for an International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition diagnosis of ...
Park Ah-Mee - - 2007
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension through mechanisms involving intermittent hypoxia (IH). However, it is not yet clear whether IH directly affects the heart. In a mouse model of OSA, we found that IH causes time-dependent alterations of the susceptibility of the heart to ...
Lim Ruth P - - 2007
Delayed contrast-enhanced cardiac MRI has been used to evaluate myocardial viability in ischemic heart disease (IHD). However, it can also be used in the assessment of non-ischemic cardiac diseases. We illustrate a number of non-ischemic cardiac conditions and describe how they can be differentiated from IHD.
Yin Hang H Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425-2211, - - 2007
We investigated the role of kinin receptors in cardiac remodeling after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). Bradykinin injection improved cardiac contractility, diastolic function, reduced infarct size and prevented left ventricular thinning after I/R, whereas des-Arg(9)-BK injection had no protective effects. Bradykinin, but not des-Arg(9)-BK, reduced cardiomyocyte apoptosis and increased Akt and GSK-3beta phosphorylation. ...
Botsford, Michael W.
Short intermittent periods of ischemia prior to a prolonged ischemia may protect the myocardium from ischemia-induced damage. This protective phenomenon has been termed ischemic preconditioning. The present study investigated the effects of multiple preconditioning cycles on arrhythmogenesis and contractile dysfunction. The possible role of protein kinase C (PKC) in ischemic ...
Landoni Giovanni - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The authors performed a meta-analysis to investigate whether the cardioprotective effects of volatile anesthetics translate into decreased morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. BACKGROUND: It is commonly believed that the choice of the primary anesthetic agent does not result in different outcomes after cardiac surgery. Recent evidence, ...
Donato Martín - - 2007
The effect of ischemic postconditioning (Postcon) in hypercholesterolemic animals is unknown. The objectives were to determine if ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and Postcon reduce infarct size in hypercholesterolemic animals and to assess if A1 receptors and K+(ATP) channels are involved in Postcon mechanisms. Isolated rabbit hearts were perfused according to the ...
Xu Deyi - - 2007
1. This study aimed to investigate the protective effects of isosteviol against myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injury and its effects on mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium channel (mitoK(ATP)) activity in vitro. 2. Groups of eight guinea pigs were treated as follows: constant perfusion control (PC), IR control, ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) + ...
Tanaka-Esposito Christine - - 2007
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) before sustained ischemia decreases myocardial infarct size mediated in part via protection of cardiac mitochondria. Reversible blockade of electron transport at complex I immediately before sustained ischemia also preserves mitochondrial respiration and decreases infarct size. We proposed that IPC would attenuate electron transport from complex I as ...
Zhou Hui-Zhong - - 2007
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are central to the development and progression of dysfunctional ventricular remodeling after tissue injury. We studied 6 month old heterozygous mice with cardiac-specific transgenic expression of active MMP-2 (MMP-2 Tg). MMP-2 Tg hearts showed no substantial gross alteration of cardiac phenotype compared to age-matched wild-type littermates. However, ...
Andreka Gyorgy - - 2007
Ischaemic preconditioning results in a reduction in ischaemic-reperfusion injury to the heart. This beneficial effect is seen both with direct local preconditioning of the myocardium and with remote preconditioning of easily accessible distant non-vital limb tissue. Ischaemic postconditioning with a comparable sequence of brief periods of local ischaemia, when applied ...
Leesar Massoud A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that enalaprilat induces preconditioning (PC)-mimetic actions in patients with stable coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors increase the bioavailability of bradykinin, which induces cardiac PC. METHODS: Twenty-two patients undergoing coronary angioplasty were randomized to an intracoronary infusion of enalaprilat or placebo, followed 10 ...
Larsen J R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Sevoflurane is proposed to possess important tissue protective effects based on experimental ischaemia-reperfusion studies from models with collateral coronary flow, unlike that of the normal human or the porcine heart. The objective was to evaluate the infarct-reducing capability of pre-ischaemic sevoflurane inhalation on myocardial infarct size in a porcine ...
Serejo Fredson Costa - - 2007
Myocardial protection can be achieved by transfer of coronary effluent from ischemically preconditioned to non-preconditioned hearts. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that preconditioned effluent from rat hearts purified by Sep-Pak C-18 cartridges could induce remote cardioprotection against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury through the activation of protein kinase C ...
Lin Jijin - - 2007
The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of preconditioning on the restoration and distribution of connexin 43 (Cx43) in ischemic myocardium in dogs. In this study, 40 dogs were randomly divided into 5 groups of 8 as follows: control, 0hI-R (ischemia followed by 0 h reperfusion), 6hI-R ...
Okada Hisako - - 2007
AIM: Dexmedetomidine is a highly specific and selective alpha-2 adrenergic agonist that is now widely used in the intensive care setting. Many intensive care unit (ICU) patients are at risk of respiratory or cardiac arrest. This study was conducted to determine whether dexmedetomidine exhibits a cardioprotective effect on global ischaemia ...
Sterba Martin - - 2007
Pyridoxal-derived aroylhydrazone iron chelators have been previously shown as effective cardioprotectants against chronic anthracycline cardiotoxicity. In this study we focused on a novel salicylaldehyde analogue (salicylaldehyde isonicotinoyl hydrazone, SIH), which has been recently demonstrated to possess marked and dose-dependent protective effects against oxidative injury of cardiomyocytes. Therefore, in the present ...
Ravingerová T - - 2007
Despite recent advances in pharmacotherapy of coronary artery disease and interventional cardiology, the management of myocardial ischemia still remains a major challenge for basic scientists and clinical cardiologists. An urgent need to combat ischemic heart disease, its forms, such as infarction, and complications including sudden cardiac death led to the ...
Koneru Srikanth - - 2007
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated during ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) enhance myocardial injury, but brief periods of myocardial ischemia followed by reperfusion [ischemic preconditioning (IP)] induce cardioprotection. Ischemia is reported to stimulate glucose uptake through the translocation of GLUT-4 from the intracellular vesicles to the sarcolemma. In the present study we demonstrated ...
Spear Joseph F - - 2007
Protein kinase A (PKA) activation has been implicated in early-phase ischemic preconditioning. We recently found that during ischemia PKA activation causes inactivation of cytochrome-c oxidase (CcO) and contributes to myocardial damage due to ischemia-reperfusion. It may be that beta-adrenergic stimulation during ischemia via endogenous catecholamine release activates PKA. Thus beta-adrenergic ...
Niagara Muhammad Idris - - 2007
Strategies to enhance skeletal myoblast (SkM) survival after transplantation in the ischemic heart have achieved little success. We posit that preconditioned (PC) SkMs show improved survival and promote repair of the infarcted myocardium via paracrine signaling after transplantation. SkMs from male Fischer-344 rats (rSkMs) were PC for 30 minutes with ...
Fadi Farhat
High doses of norepinephrine abolish the infarct-limiting effect of Ischemic Preconditioning (IP) in rabbits. We wished to define the role of the beta-3 receptors in this observation. Rabbits were randomized into 5 groups of 8 animals each. In Control Group (CTRL), anaesthetized rabbits were subjected to 30 min left coronary ...
Montisci Roberta - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Scleroderma-related cardiac involvement primarily affects coronary microvascular structures and function. The microvasculature disorder is responsible for impairment of coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR), which has been reported in studies of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). L-propionylcarnitine (L-PC) is a metabolic substance that is associated with a beneficial effect on ...
Huang Han - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the potential protective effect of ischemic post-conditioning (Post-con) on ischemia-reperfusion injury of the rabbit spinal cord, and to determine if there is an additive neuroprotective effect when ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and Post-con are combined. METHODS: Forty New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into four groups: group ...
Driamov Sergey V - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Brief reversible ischemic episodes (ischemic preconditioning, IPC) protect the heart against arrhythmias during a subsequent prolonged low-flow ischemia. We have recently shown that this protection involves release of bradykinin, activation of bradykinin B2 receptors followed by opening of sarcolemmal, but not mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ channels. The goal of this ...
Gross Eric R - - 2007
Myocardial infarction is the leading cause of mortality in Western societies with annual expenditures of $431.8 billion spent on coronary artery disease in man. Therapeutics to combat infarction from myocardial injury, based on studies of ischemic preconditioning (IPC), are currently in progress. Hence, this review provides an update on IPC, ...
Camici Giovanni G - - 2007
In view of the emerging role of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) as a novel therapeutical approach in myocardial ischemia, we performed the first two-way parallel comparison to test the effects of rhEPO pretreatment (1000 U/kg, 12h before surgery) versus EPO transgenic overexpression in a mouse model of myocardial infarction. Unlike ...
Ghadhanfar Elham A - - 2007
Myocardial ischemic preconditioning (PC) is a protective intervention that aims to reduce the deleterious effects of ischemia-reperfusion injury. : To assess the comparative efficacy of ischemic PC induced at hypothermic, normothermic and hyperthermic temperatures on the postischemic recovery of left ventricular contractile and coronary vascular functions in the aortic perfused ...
Lange Stefan A - - 2007
This study was performed to investigate the role of chronic pretreatment with angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonists (ARB) and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I) in myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemic preconditioning (iPC). Little is known about molecular mechanisms of MI and iPC, especially about protein kinase C (PKC) isozyme ...
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