Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1214
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Cun Long - - 2007
Inhibition of Na/H exchanger isoform-1 (NHE1) has shown significant protection in adult myocardium during ischemia/reperfusion injury; however, the effect is unclear in immature myocardium. We evaluated the effects of HOE642 (a potent, highly selective NHE1 inhibitor) preconditioning on immature rabbit hearts. Twenty immature (2-3 weeks old) New Zealand white rabbits ...
Baumert Jan-H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Volatile anesthetics protect the myocardium from ischemia reperfusion damage. Our hypothesis for this study was that xenon reduces the size of myocardial infarction similar in extent to the reduction associated with ischemic preconditioning. METHODS: Thirty-six pigs weighing 30-35 kg were anesthetized with thiopental and then randomized into four groups: ...
Shome Shibaji - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms for the antiarrhythmogenic effects of preconditioning in ischemic hearts, although well demonstrated, are not clear. We measured indices of activation and repolarization using data from a high-resolution epicardial sock electrode array in preconditioned (PC) and non-PC hearts in an attempt to gain further insight into protective mechanisms. ...
Liang Jun - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the kinetic changes of uptake, washout and retention of Tc-sestamibi in order to evaluate the protective effects and possible mechanism of ischaemic preconditioning and adenosine preconditioning on myocardium injured by ischaemia/reperfusion. METHODS: Isolated ischaemia/reperfusion rabbit heart models, as established by Langendorff, were used. Eighteen rabbit hearts perfused ...
Binbrek Azan S - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Despite the well-recognized effects of erythropoietin (EPO) on augmenting red blood cell production, EPO exerts multiple additional effects in diverse tissues. Evidence indicating the potential for tissue protection is reviewed as is a description of a study now initiated, in which its potential benefit on the evolution of acute ...
Rodrigo Glenn C - - 2008
Current cellular models of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) rely on inducing preconditioning in vitro and may not accurately represent complex pathways triggered by IPC in the intact heart. Here, we show that it is possible to precondition the intact heart and to subsequently isolate individual ventricular myocytes that retain the protection ...
Yogaratnam Jeysen Zivan - - 2008
Ischemic reperfusion injury (IRI) is an inevitable part cardiac surgery such as coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). While ischemic hypoxia and the ensuing normoxic or hyperoxic reperfusion are critical to the initiation and propagation of IRI, conditioning myocardial cells to an oxidative stress prior to IRI may limit the consequences ...
Cai Zheqing - - 2008
We investigated whether hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1 alpha) plays a role in the acute phase of ischaemic preconditioning (IPC). Hearts from wild-type (WT) mice and mice heterozygous for a null allele at the locus encoding HIF-1 alpha (HET) were subjected to IPC (10-min ischaemia/5 min reperfusion, or two cycles ...
Horikawa Yousuke T YT Department of Anesthesiology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, - - 2008
Volatile anesthetics protect the heart from ischemia/reperfusion injury but the mechanisms for this protection are poorly understood. Caveolae, sarcolemmal invaginations, and caveolins, scaffolding proteins in caveolae, localize molecules involved in cardiac protection. We tested the hypothesis that caveolae and caveolins are essential for volatile anesthetic-induced cardiac protection using cardiac myocytes ...
Hajrasouliha Amir Reza - - 2008
In addition to well-known neurobehavioral effects, endogenous cannabinoids exert diverse cardiovascular actions. Recently, they have been suggested to protect the myocardium against ischemia/reperfusion injury. The aim of this study is to examine the contribution of endogenous cannabinoids to cardioprotection afforded by remote ischemic preconditioning. Three groups of remote preconditioned (15 ...
Chase Anabelle - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether coronary artery disease alters vulnerability of hearts and myocytes to cardiac insults. To address this issue, we developed an experimental model of coronary artery disease. DESIGN: Prospective, experimental study. SETTING: University experimental research laboratories. SUBJECTS: Apolipoprotein E knockout mice. INTERVENTIONS: Male apolipoprotein E knockout mice, aged ...
Köhler David D Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital, Tübingen, - - 2007
Extracellular adenosine, generated from extracellular nucleotides via ectonucleotidases, binds to specific receptors and provides cardioprotection from ischemia and reperfusion. In the present study, we studied ecto-enzymatic ATP/ADP-phosphohydrolysis by select members of the ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase (E-NTPDase) family during myocardial ischemia. As a first step, we used a murine model of ...
Walsh S R - - 2007
Perioperative myocardial infarction is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality after major non-cardiac surgery. Pharmacological agents such as beta-blockers may reduce the risk but are associated with side-effects and may be contra-indicated in some patients. Basic scientific experiments and preliminary clinical trials in humans suggest that remote ischaemic preconditioning ...
Malik Gautam - - 2008
This study examined if glutaredoxin-1 (Glrx1), a redox-regulator of thioredoxin superfamily, plays any role in the redox signaling of ischemic myocardium. The hearts were subjected to 30 min of coronary occlusion followed by 24 h of reperfusion. Another group of hearts was rendered tolerant to ischemia (preconditioned, PC) by four ...
Phillips Alistair B M - - 2007
Preconditioning (PC) is a potential approach to myocardial protection. We hypothesize that brief ischemia or adenosine given prior to an extended period of warm ischemia may prevent myocardial stunning by altering myocardial metabolism. Using a global ischemia model, 19 dogs were subjected to no PC(control), two episodes of ischemia (2 ...
Zhou R-H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the cardioprotective effects of pharmacologic pretreatment with HOE642, a selective Na(+)/H(+ )exchanger (NHE) isoform-1 inhibitor, in immature rabbit hearts, as compared with ischemic preconditioning (IPC). METHODS: For this study, 36 isolated immature New Zealand white rabbit hearts were equilibrated on the Langendorff apparatus. They were randomly ...
Benjamin Ivor J - - 2007
The abundantly expressed small molecular weight proteins, CRYAB and HSPB2, have been implicated in cardioprotection ex vivo. However, the biological roles of CRYAB/HSPB2 coexpression for either ischemic preconditioning and/or protection in situ remain poorly defined. Wild-type (WT) and age-matched ( approximately 5-9 mo) CRYAB/HSPB2 double knockout (DKO) mice were subjected ...
Hausenloy D J - - 2008
Despite optimal therapy, the morbidity and mortality of coronary heart disease (CHD) remains significant, particularly in patients with diabetes or the metabolic syndrome. New strategies for cardioprotection are therefore required to improve the clinical outcomes in patients with CHD. Ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) as a cardioprotective strategy has not fulfilled it ...
Ji Bingyang - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is commonly regarded as having a powerful internal protective effect on the organs. The mechanism of IPC is not clear yet, and the controversy over the benefits and protocol of IPC still continues. In this study, we used the sensitive and specific biochemical marker: cardiac troponin-I ...
Sundset R - - 2007
Ischemic preconditioning increases the heart's tolerance to a subsequent longer ischemic period. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of early and delayed preconditioning on gap junction communication, connexin abundance, and phosphorylation in cultured neonatal rat cardiac myocytes. Prolonged ischemia followed 5 minutes after preconditioning in the ...
Wu Guo-ting - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the influence of different sulfonylureas on the myocardial protection effect of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) in isolated rat hearts, and ATP-sensitive potassium channel current (IK(ATP)) of rat ventricular myocytes. METHODS: Isolated Langendorff perfused rat hearts were randomly assigned to five groups: (1) control group, (2) IPC group, (3) ...
McLennan Peter L - - 2007
Long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are selectively incorporated into cardiac cell membranes from the diet in a dose-related manner. Regular intake can slow the heart rate, reduce myocardial oxygen consumption, and increase coronary reserve. These properties contribute to preconditioning-like effects of resistance to myocardial ischaemic damage and improved post-ischaemic ...
Bolte Craig S - - 2007
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States and developing world. Experimental and clinical studies have demonstrated that a number of interventions including brief periods of ischemia or hypoxia and certain endogenous factors such as opioids, bradykinin, growth factors or pharmacological agents are capable of protecting ...
Loukogeorgakis Stavros P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Transient limb ischemia administered before a prolonged ischemic insult has systemic protective effects against ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury (remote ischemic preconditioning [RIPC]). It has been demonstrated that protection from IR can be achieved by brief periods of ischemia applied at a remote site during an injurious ischemic event (remote postconditioning ...
Zhao Ting C - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Recent evidence has demonstrated the importance of histone deacetylases (HDAC) in the control of hypertrophic responses in the heart. However, it remains unknown whether inhibition of HDACs plays a role in myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury. We hypothesize that HDAC inhibition triggers preconditioning-like effects against I/R injury. METHODS ...
Chen Zuolei - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Postconditioning is a novel strategy of attaining cardioprotection. Previous studies have suggested morphine mimics the effects of ischemic preconditioning. Whether it is also capable of producing postconditioning or not is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine (1) whether morphine postconditioning (MPostcond) would protect the heart ...
Nishihara Masahiro - - 2007
Recently we found that the level of anti-infarct tolerance afforded by ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and erythropoietin (EPO) infusion was closely correlated with the level of Ser9-phospho-GSK-3beta upon reperfusion in the heart. To get an insight into the mechanism by which phospho-GSK-3beta protects the myocardium from ischemia/reperfusion injury, we examined the ...
Hausenloy Derek J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Whether remote ischaemic preconditioning, an intervention in which brief ischaemia of one tissue or organ protects remote organs from a sustained episode of ischaemia, is beneficial for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery is unknown. We did a single-blinded randomised controlled study to establish whether remote ischaemic preconditioning ...
Sato Hiroshi - - 2007
The present study sought to determine whether the combination of late preconditioning (PC) with postconditioning enhances the reduction in infarct size. Chronically instrumented rats were assigned to a 45-min (subset 1) or 60-min (subset 2) coronary occlusion followed by 24 h of reperfusion. In each subset, rats received no further ...
Deyhimy David I - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Recent investigations demonstrate that anesthetic preconditioning and postconditioning reduce myocardial infarct size to a degree comparable to that achieved with ischemic preconditioning. We hypothesized that the combination of sevoflurane preconditioning and postconditioning would result in greater preservation of myocardium. METHODS: Langendorff perfused rat hearts were divided into four groups: ...
Bose Amal K - - 2007
Glucagon Like Peptide-1 (GLP-1), one of the most potent incretin hormones, has potential beneficial actions on the ischaemic and failing heart. This study sought to further identify the mechanisms of action of GLP-1 on the ischaemic heart using an in vitro isolated perfused rat heart model of ischaemic-reperfusion injury (measuring ...
Kevin Leo G - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Anesthetic preconditioning (APC) is known to protect the heart against necrosis and contractile dysfunction, but protection against arrhythmias has not been well characterized. The authors hypothesized that APC alters the dispersion of electrophysiologic parameters to reduce arrhythmias after global (G) or regional (R) ischemia. DESIGN: Prospective vehicle-controlled study. SETTING: ...
Das Biswadeep - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Provocation of fatal cardiac arrhythmias has limited the use of inotropic agents as heart failure therapy. Levosimendan (LEV) is a new inodilator, whose mechanism of action includes calcium sensitization of contractile proteins and the opening of ATP-dependent potassium channels. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: The aim of this investigation was to ...
Roesner Jan P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The fibrin-derived peptide Bbeta15-42 has been shown to reduce infarct size in rodent models of ischemia-reperfusion injury. To increase its potential for translation into the clinic, we studied the effects of Bbeta15-42 in pigs, whose coronary anatomy is similar to that of humans. In addition, we evaluated the pharmacokinetics ...
Zhong Beihua - - 2007
Although the transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1)-containing afferent nerve fibers are widely distributed in the heart, the relationship between TRPV1 function and cardiac ischemic preconditioning (PC) has not been well defined. Using TRPV1 knockout mice (TRPV1(-/-)), we studied the role of TRPV1 in PC-induced myocardial protection. Hearts of ...
Meco Massimo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Recent clinical and experimental data indicate that volatile anaesthetics may precondition myocardium against ischaemia and infarction. The present clinical trial was designed to verify the cardioprotective effects of desflurane in patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass surgery. It was hypothesized that desflurane preconditioning would decrease postoperative release of troponin ...
Jin Zhu-Qiu - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Sphingosine kinase (SphK) is a key enzyme in the synthesis of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), a bioactive sphingolipid. SphK is involved in ischemic preconditioning (IPC). To date no studies in genetically altered animals have examined the role of SphK1 in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury and IPC. METHODS AND RESULTS: Wild-type ...
Minguet G - - 2007
There is an increasing body of evidence that volatile anaesthetics protect myocardium against ischaemic insult by a mechanism termed 'anaesthetic preconditioning'. Anaesthetic preconditioning and ischaemic preconditioning share several common mechanisms of action. Since ischaemic preconditioning has been demonstrated in organs other than the heart, anaesthetic preconditioning might also apply in ...
Brar Somjot S - - 2007
There are no large population-based studies on the incidence and prognosis of peripartum cardiomyopathy (PC). Between 1996 and 2005, there were 241,497 deliveries within the Southern California Kaiser healthcare system. Among these, we identified 60 cases of PC by searching for an International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition diagnosis of ...
Park Ah-Mee - - 2007
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension through mechanisms involving intermittent hypoxia (IH). However, it is not yet clear whether IH directly affects the heart. In a mouse model of OSA, we found that IH causes time-dependent alterations of the susceptibility of the heart to ...
Lim Ruth P - - 2007
Delayed contrast-enhanced cardiac MRI has been used to evaluate myocardial viability in ischemic heart disease (IHD). However, it can also be used in the assessment of non-ischemic cardiac diseases. We illustrate a number of non-ischemic cardiac conditions and describe how they can be differentiated from IHD.
Yin Hang H Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425-2211, - - 2007
We investigated the role of kinin receptors in cardiac remodeling after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). Bradykinin injection improved cardiac contractility, diastolic function, reduced infarct size and prevented left ventricular thinning after I/R, whereas des-Arg(9)-BK injection had no protective effects. Bradykinin, but not des-Arg(9)-BK, reduced cardiomyocyte apoptosis and increased Akt and GSK-3beta phosphorylation. ...
Botsford, Michael W.
Short intermittent periods of ischemia prior to a prolonged ischemia may protect the myocardium from ischemia-induced damage. This protective phenomenon has been termed ischemic preconditioning. The present study investigated the effects of multiple preconditioning cycles on arrhythmogenesis and contractile dysfunction. The possible role of protein kinase C (PKC) in ischemic ...
Landoni Giovanni - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The authors performed a meta-analysis to investigate whether the cardioprotective effects of volatile anesthetics translate into decreased morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. BACKGROUND: It is commonly believed that the choice of the primary anesthetic agent does not result in different outcomes after cardiac surgery. Recent evidence, ...
Donato Martín - - 2007
The effect of ischemic postconditioning (Postcon) in hypercholesterolemic animals is unknown. The objectives were to determine if ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and Postcon reduce infarct size in hypercholesterolemic animals and to assess if A1 receptors and K+(ATP) channels are involved in Postcon mechanisms. Isolated rabbit hearts were perfused according to the ...
Xu Deyi - - 2007
1. This study aimed to investigate the protective effects of isosteviol against myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injury and its effects on mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium channel (mitoK(ATP)) activity in vitro. 2. Groups of eight guinea pigs were treated as follows: constant perfusion control (PC), IR control, ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) + ...
Tanaka-Esposito Christine - - 2007
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) before sustained ischemia decreases myocardial infarct size mediated in part via protection of cardiac mitochondria. Reversible blockade of electron transport at complex I immediately before sustained ischemia also preserves mitochondrial respiration and decreases infarct size. We proposed that IPC would attenuate electron transport from complex I as ...
Zhou Hui-Zhong - - 2007
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are central to the development and progression of dysfunctional ventricular remodeling after tissue injury. We studied 6 month old heterozygous mice with cardiac-specific transgenic expression of active MMP-2 (MMP-2 Tg). MMP-2 Tg hearts showed no substantial gross alteration of cardiac phenotype compared to age-matched wild-type littermates. However, ...
Andreka Gyorgy - - 2007
Ischaemic preconditioning results in a reduction in ischaemic-reperfusion injury to the heart. This beneficial effect is seen both with direct local preconditioning of the myocardium and with remote preconditioning of easily accessible distant non-vital limb tissue. Ischaemic postconditioning with a comparable sequence of brief periods of local ischaemia, when applied ...
Leesar Massoud A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that enalaprilat induces preconditioning (PC)-mimetic actions in patients with stable coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors increase the bioavailability of bradykinin, which induces cardiac PC. METHODS: Twenty-two patients undergoing coronary angioplasty were randomized to an intracoronary infusion of enalaprilat or placebo, followed 10 ...
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