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Wang Lixing - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Remote ischemic preconditioning is known to elicit production of a blood-borne cardioprotective factor that is infarct sparing in models of ischemia-reperfusion injury and myocardial damage reducing after cardiopulmonary bypass in human subjects. The mechanism of protection remains incompletely understood. In this study, we examined effects on mitochondrial structure and ...
Lorsomradee Suraphong - - 2008
Myocardial ischemia during the perioperative period is a major cause of morbidity and mortality after surgery. Experimental data indicate that clinical concentrations of volatile anesthetics protect the myocardium from ischemia and reperfusion injury, as shown by decreased infarct size and more rapid postoperative recovery of contractile function. These anesthetics may ...
Koh Seong-Ho - - 2008
In the present study, we have investigated the effects of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) inhibition on infarct volume and neurobehavioral functions in a focal cerebral ischemia model. To achieve our goals, GSK-3 inhibitor II or VIII was injected at several time points and in varing dosages. GSK-3 inhibitor VIII was ...
Hausenloy Derek J DJ The Hatter Cardiovascular Institute, University College London Hospital and Medical School, 67 Chenies Mews, London WC1E 6HX, UK. - - 2008
Remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC) represents a strategy for harnessing the body's endogenous protective capabilities against the injury incurred by ischaemia and reperfusion. It describes the intriguing phenomenon in which transient non-lethal ischaemia and reperfusion of one organ or tissue confers resistance to a subsequent episode of lethal ischaemia reperfusion injury ...
McGuinness Jonathan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Preconditioning, a highly evolutionary conserved endogenous protective response, provides the most powerful form of anti-infarct protection known. We investigated whether acute intravenous glutamine, through an effect on cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and heat shock protein (HSP) 72, might induce preconditioning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male New Zealand white rabbits (n = 28) ...
Rehni Ashish K - - 2008
The present study has been designed to pharmacologically investigate the role of mast cell degranulation in ischemic preconditioning-induced reversal of global ischemia- and reperfusion-induced cerebral injury in mice. Bilateral carotid artery occlusion of 17 min followed by reperfusion for 24 h was employed in present study to produce ischemia- and ...
Landoni Giovanni - - 2008
Ischaemic preconditioning, a response to brief sublethal episodes of ischaemia leading to a pronounced protection against subsequent lethal ischaemia, is mimicked by some pharmacological agents. Halogenated anaesthetics alone exhibit cardioprotective properties at therapeutic doses, independent of their anaesthetic and haemodynamic effect, leading to the concept of anaesthetic preconditioning. Only recently ...
Vitale Joseph M - - 2008
Ischemic heart disease remains one of the most frequent causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although the prognosis of myocardial ischemia has been dramatically improved by the techniques of early reperfusion, the prevention of irreversible ischemic damage remains a critical aspect of the treatment. An appealing novel therapeutic avenue for ...
Gong Bin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Whole body hyperthermia has been shown to be highly effective in preconditioning cardiac tissue against reperfusion injury. The current study was aimed to assess the ability of regional sublethal laser-induced hyperthermia to precondition cardiac tissue against ischemic-induced myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Diode laser radiation was used to locally ...
Kocsis Gabriella F - - 2008
Statins have been shown to be cardioprotective; however, their interaction with endogenous cardioprotection by ischemic preconditioning and postconditioning is not known. In the present study, we examined if acute and chronic administration of the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase inhibitor lovastatin affected the infarct size-limiting effect of ischemic preconditioning and postconditioning in ...
Shahid Mohd - - 2008
The present study was conducted to examine the role of nitric oxide (NO), mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K(+) channels (mito K(+)(ATP) channels) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) and their interdependence in brief femoral artery ischaemia-induced myocardial preconditioning. To assess myocardial injury, myocardial infarction was induced by occlusion followed by reperfusion of the ...
Dost Turhan T Dept. of Physiology, MSB 3074, University of South Alabama, College of Medicine, Mobile, AL, 36688, - - 2008
In ischemic preconditioning (IPC) brief ischemia/reperfusion renders the heart resistant to infarction from any subsequent ischemic insult. Protection results from binding of surface receptors by ligands released during the preconditioning ischemia. The downstream pathway involves redox signaling as IPC will not protect in the presence of a free radical scavenger. ...
Zhang Wayne W - - 2008
The aim of this study is to investigate whether atrial natriuretic peptide can mimic preconditioning to protect ischemia or reperfusion injury in rabbit hearts. New Zealand white rabbits were randomized into 3 groups: (1) Controls. Hearts received a 60 minute-occlusion of the left anterior descending artery, followed by a 180 ...
Raphael Jacob - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Volatile anesthetics are known to protect the heart against ischemia-reperfusion injury. The authors tested whether anesthetic preconditioning with isoflurane is mediated via activation of the transcription factor hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) and evaluated the role of mammalian target of rapamycin signaling in this process. METHODS: New Zealand White ...
Skyschally Andreas - - 2008
One or several short cycles of ischemia/reperfusion before (preconditioning) or after (postconditioning) a sustained coronary occlusion with subsequent reperfusion reduce the ultimate infarct size. The protection is potent, but limited to a narrow time frame. In animal experiments, a complex signal transduction cascade was identified which results specifically in a ...
Khanna Gitika - - 2008
The present study was designed to investigate the possible role of free radicals in cardioprotective effects of ischemic, pharmacological and remote preconditioning. Isolated rat heart was perfused on Langendorff apparatus with Kreb's Henseleit solution and subjected to 30 min global ischemia followed by 120 min reperfusion. To assess myocardial injury, ...
Canatan Halit - - 2008
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is a phenomenon where heart is rendered more resistant to subsequent ischemia-reperfusion (I-R)-induced injury by one or more brief episodes of I-R. The mechanisms responsible for cardio-protective effects of IPC are not well characterized. The objective of the study was to characterize gene expression profiles in the ...
Penna C - - 2008
Endogenous platelet activating factor (PAF) is involved in heart ischemic preconditioning. PAF can also afford pharmacological preconditioning. We studied whether mitochondrial-ATP-sensitive K(+) (mK(ATP)) channels and reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in PAF-induced cardioprotection. In Group 1 control hearts, Langendorff-perfused rat hearts underwent 30 min ischemia and 2 hours of ...
Turan Nilufer Nermin - - 2008
Short ischemic episodes increase tolerance against subsequent severe ischemia in the heart. Nitropropionate (3-NP), an irreversible inhibitor of succinic dehydrogenase of the mitochondrial complex II, was shown to induce protective effect against ischemic brain injury. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible protective effect of 3-NP on ...
Arangannal A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Ischaemic preconditioning protects the myocardium from ischaemic injury and may also protect the vascular endothelium from the deleterious effects of ischaemia and reperfusion. We examined the possibility that ischaemic preconditioning might preserve the integrity of the coronary microcirculation following ischaemia and reperfusion. METHODS: Isolated rat hearts were perfused in ...
Otani Hajime - - 2008
Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a major contributory factor to cardiac dysfunction and infarct size that determines patient prognosis after acute myocardial infarction. Considerable interest exists in harnessing the heart's endogenous capacity to resist I/R injury, known as ischemic preconditioning (IPC). The IPC research has contributed to uncovering the pathophysiology of ...
Avkiran Metin - - 2008
Extensive pre-clinical work indicates that inhibition of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE) affords significant protection to myocardium subjected to ischaemia and reperfusion. By contrast, clinical studies with the NHE inhibitors cariporide, eniporide and zoniporide, in patients with evolving myocardial infarction and those at risk of myocardial infarction, have provided largely disappointing ...
Feng Jianhua - - 2008
AIMS: We tested whether delayed pharmacologic preconditioning elicited by isoflurane is protective in infarct-remodelled hearts. METHODS AND RESULTS: Male Wistar rats were treated with the preconditioning drug isoflurane 6 weeks after permanent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Twenty-four and 48 h later, hearts were perfused on the ...
Tapuria Niteen N Institute-Hepatobiliary Pancreatic and Liver Transplant Unit, University Department of Surgery, Royal Free and University College School of Medicine, UCL, London, United - - 2008
Restoration of blood supply to an organ after a critical period of ischemia results in parenchymal injury and dysfunction of the organ referred to as reperfusion injury. Ischemia reperfusion injury is often seen in organ transplants, major organ resections and in shock. Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is an adaptational response of ...
Mourouzis I - - 2009
There is accumulating evidence showing that ischemic preconditioning (PC) may lose its cardioprotective effect in the diseased states. The present study investigated whether PC can be effective in hypothyroidism, a clinical condition which is common and often accompanies cardiac diseases such as heart failure and myocardial infarction. Hypothyroidism was induced ...
Matejíková J - - 2009
Ischemic preconditioning (I-PC) induced by brief episodes of ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) protects the heart against sustained I/R. Although activation of mitochondrial K(ATP) channels (mitoK(ATP)) interacting with reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been proposed as a key event in this process, their role in the antiarrhythmic effect is not clear. ...
Bhatti Rajbir
In the present study, the effect of garlic (Allium sativum) extract on ischemic preconditioning and ischemia-reperfusion induced cardiac injury has been studied. Hearts from adult albino rats of Wistar strain were isolated and immediately mounted on Langendorff′s apparatus for retrograde perfusion. After 15 minutes of stabilization, the hearts were subjected ...
Weber N C - - 2008
The heart has a strong endogenous cardioprotection mechanism that can be triggered by short periods of ischaemia (like during angina) and protects the myocardium during a subsequent ischaemic event (like during a myocardial infarction). This important mechanism, called ischaemic pre-conditioning, has been extensively investigated, but the practical relevance of an ...
Andreadou I - - 2008
Despite current optimal treatment, the morbidity and mortality of coronary heart disease remain significant worldwide and open the way for the development of novel cardioprotective therapies. In the last two decades, a remarkable scientific effort has focused on the limitation of infarct size. Important input from experimental studies has led ...
Das Manika - - 2008
Lipid rafts represent a subcompartment of the plasma membrane that coordinate and regulate varieties of signaling processes while caveolins are the integral membrane protein of the lipid raft. To study the role of lipid raft in ischemic preconditioning (PC) of the heart, rat hearts were perfused by working mode and ...
Rao K Nayan S - - 2008
An additional target for reducing infarct size, namely, attenuation of apoptosis, has recently emerged. Erythropoietin (Epo) exhibits properties that may attenuate this process and enhance neovascularization, thereby preserving jeopardized myocardium. Potentially adverse effects of Epo, including hypertension, thrombosis and possible exacerbation of occult neoplasms can likely be averted with analogues ...
Lucchinetti Eliana - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Postinfarct remodeling in the heart may affect protective signaling. We tested whether isoflurane preconditioning retains its protection in postinfarct remodeled hearts. METHODS: Myocardial remodeling was induced by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery in male Wistar rats. Six weeks later, diseased hearts were mounted on a Langendorff ...
Tissier Renaud - - 2008
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) following coronary artery occlusion is a common cause of mortality and morbidity world-wide. Patients currently receive reperfusion therapy as the only anti-infarct intervention. A number of agents have been evaluated to further improve myocardial salvage, but until recently, none has demonstrated clear efficacy in clinical trials. ...
Kaneda Kazuhiro K Department of Anesthesiology, Osaka Dental University, Osaka, - - 2008
Volatile anesthetics and regular ethanol consumption induce cardioprotection mimicking ischemic preconditioning. We investigated whether sevoflurane enhances ethanol preconditioning and whether inhibition of protein kinase C (PKC) and mitochondrial K(ATP) channels attenuated this enhanced cardioprotection. The effects of regular ethanol consumption on expression of inducible (iNOS) and endothelial (eNOS) nitric oxide ...
Yap Elgin - - 2008
Energy requiring apoptosis and presumably unregulated necrosis are considered conceptually and morphologically distinct forms of cell death which have been initially identified as two exclusive pathways. However, several apoptotic characteristics have been observed in the necrotic core lesion in ischemia which led to the controversial theory that cell death advances ...
Ren C C Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, MSLS Building, P306, 1201 Welch Road, Room P306, Stanford, CA 94305-5327, - - 2008
Remote ischemic preconditioning is an emerging concept for stroke treatment, but its protection against focal stroke has not been established. We tested whether remote preconditioning, performed in the ipsilateral hind limb, protects against focal stroke and explored its protective parameters. Stroke was generated by a permanent occlusion of the left ...
Rezkalla Shereif H - - 2007
Brief ischemia to the myocardium initiates a cascade of biochemical events in cardiac myocytes that protects the heart muscle during subsequent ischemic insults. This phenomenon is called ischemic preconditioning. If an acute myocardial infarction is preceded by preinfarction angina, it results in smaller infarction size, fewer cardiac arrhythmias, and better-left ...
Soeding P E - - 2007
Levosimendan is emerging as a novel cardioprotective inotrope. Levosimendan augments myocardial contractility by sensitising contractile myofilaments to calcium without increasing myosin adenosine triphosphatase activity or oxygen consumption. Levosimendan activates cellular adenosine triphosphate-dependent potassium channels, a mechanism which is postulated to protect cells from ischaemia in a manner similar to ischaemic ...
Thibault Hélène - - 2007
Acute myocardial infarction is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in industrialized countries. Ischemic postconditioning, that consists of repeated brief episodes of ischemia-reperfusion performed just after reflow following a prolonged ischemic insult, dramatically reduces infarct size in animal models. Recent data indicate that it might involve the activation of ...
Schulz Rainer - - 2007
Connexin 43 (Cx43) is the predominant protein forming gap junctions and non-junctional hemichannels in ventricular myocardium, but Cx43 is also localized at the inner membrane of cardiomyocyte mitochondria. In cardiomyocytes, Cx43 is involved in the formation of reactive oxygen species, which are central to the signal transduction cascade of ischemic ...
Keul Petra - - 2007
Increasing evidence suggests that High-density lipoproteins (HDL) are a direct cardioprotective agent in the setting of acute myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury, and that this cardioprotection occurs independently of their atheroprotective effect. Studies on the involved mechanisms have revealed that the biologically active HDL-compound sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is responsible for the beneficial effect ...
Bolli Roberto - - 2007
There is little doubt that the discovery of ischemic preconditioning (PC) has been one of the fundamental milestones in the field of ischemic biology in the past 20 years. The purpose of this article is to review the pathophysiology and molecular basis of the late phase of myocardial PC. The ...
Bazargan M - - 2008
There is a growing interest for the beneficial effect of magnesium (Mg) in cardiovascular disorders. A number of cardiovascular disorders including myocardial infarction, arrhythmias and congestive heart failure have been associated with low extra- cellular or intracellular concentrations of Mg. The efficiency of the preconditioning effect of Mg on cardiac ...
Liu Yanping Y Department of Physiology, MSB 3074, University of South Alabama College of Medicine, Mobile, AL 36688, - - 2008
Redox signaling prior to a lethal ischemic insult is an important step in triggering the protected state in ischemic preconditioning. When the preconditioned heart is reperfused a second sequence of signal transduction events, the mediator pathway, occurs which is believed to inhibit mitochondrial permeability transition pore formation that normally destroys ...
Cun Long - - 2007
Inhibition of Na/H exchanger isoform-1 (NHE1) has shown significant protection in adult myocardium during ischemia/reperfusion injury; however, the effect is unclear in immature myocardium. We evaluated the effects of HOE642 (a potent, highly selective NHE1 inhibitor) preconditioning on immature rabbit hearts. Twenty immature (2-3 weeks old) New Zealand white rabbits ...
Baumert Jan-H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Volatile anesthetics protect the myocardium from ischemia reperfusion damage. Our hypothesis for this study was that xenon reduces the size of myocardial infarction similar in extent to the reduction associated with ischemic preconditioning. METHODS: Thirty-six pigs weighing 30-35 kg were anesthetized with thiopental and then randomized into four groups: ...
Shome Shibaji - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms for the antiarrhythmogenic effects of preconditioning in ischemic hearts, although well demonstrated, are not clear. We measured indices of activation and repolarization using data from a high-resolution epicardial sock electrode array in preconditioned (PC) and non-PC hearts in an attempt to gain further insight into protective mechanisms. ...
Liang Jun - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the kinetic changes of uptake, washout and retention of Tc-sestamibi in order to evaluate the protective effects and possible mechanism of ischaemic preconditioning and adenosine preconditioning on myocardium injured by ischaemia/reperfusion. METHODS: Isolated ischaemia/reperfusion rabbit heart models, as established by Langendorff, were used. Eighteen rabbit hearts perfused ...
Binbrek Azan S - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Despite the well-recognized effects of erythropoietin (EPO) on augmenting red blood cell production, EPO exerts multiple additional effects in diverse tissues. Evidence indicating the potential for tissue protection is reviewed as is a description of a study now initiated, in which its potential benefit on the evolution of acute ...
Rodrigo Glenn C - - 2008
Current cellular models of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) rely on inducing preconditioning in vitro and may not accurately represent complex pathways triggered by IPC in the intact heart. Here, we show that it is possible to precondition the intact heart and to subsequently isolate individual ventricular myocytes that retain the protection ...
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