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Raphael Jacob - - 2010
Hyperglycemia is known to inhibit ischemic and anesthetic preconditioning. We tested whether hyperglycemia inhibits anesthetic postconditioning with isoflurane and whether this effect is mediated via phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/Akt and nitric oxide signaling. New Zealand white rabbits subjected to 40 minutes of myocardial ischemia, followed by 3 hours of reperfusion were assigned to ...
Dai An-lu - - 2010
Ischemic preconditioning and postconditioning distinctly attenuate ventricular arrhythmia after ischemia without affecting the severity of myocardial stunning. Therefore, we report the effects of sevoflurane preconditioning and postconditioning on stunned myocardium in isolated rat hearts. Isolated rat hearts were underwent 20 min of global ischemia and 40 min of reperfusion. After ...
Cheng Yunhui Y RNA and Cardiovascular Research Laboratory, Department of Anesthesiology, New Jersey Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, 185 South Orange Avenue, MSB-E548, Newark, NJ 07101, - - 2010
The aims of the present study are to determine the miRNA expression signature in rat hearts after ischaemic preconditioning (IP) and to identify an IP-regulated miRNA, miR-21, in IP-mediated cardiac protection, and the potential cellular and molecular mechanisms involved. The miRNA expression signature was investigated in rat hearts. Among the ...
Adams Jose A - - 2010
AIMS: Periodic acceleration (pGz) is a method that applies repetitive sinusoidal head-to-foot motion to the horizontally positioned body. pGz adds pulses to the circulation as a function of frequency, thereby increasing shear stress to the endothelium. Pulsatile shear stress increases release of cardioprotective endothelial-derived nitric oxide prostaglandin E-2 and prostacyclin ...
Ye Yumei - - 2010
Pioglitazone (PIO) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analogs limit infarct size (IS) in experimental models. The effects of the dipeptidyl-peptidase-IV inhibitors, which increase the endogenous levels of GLP-1, on myocardial protection, are unknown. We studied whether sitagliptin (SIT) and PIO have additive effects on IS limitation in the mouse. Mice received ...
Miyamae Masami - - 2010
Epidemiological studies demonstrate that excessive drinking is associated with hypertension, cerebral bleeding and loss of cardiac contractility. Conversely, studies have shown that mortality rates for people who regularly drink ethanol in moderation are lower than in abstainers, primarily due to decreased fatal ischemic heart disease. Further, moderate ethanol consumers have ...
Raphael Jacob - - 2010
Perioperative myocardial ischemia and infarction are not only major sources of morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing surgery but also important causes of prolonged hospital stay and resource utilization. Ischemic and pharmacological preconditioning and postconditioning have been known for more than two decades to provide protection against myocardial ischemia and ...
Mersmann Jan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To test whether preconditioning with a toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 agonist protects against myocardial ischemia and reperfusion by interfering with chemokine CXCL1 release from cardiomyocytes. DESIGN: C3H mice were challenged with vehicle or synthetic TLR2 agonist Pam3Cys-Ser-Lys4 (Pam3CSK4; 1 mg/kg) 24 hrs before myocardial ischemia (20 mins) and reperfusion ...
Sun Qiang - - 2011
In our previous study, it was indicated that hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning (HOP) could induce a preconditioning against myocardial infarction and promote neovascularization. In this study, attempts were made to investigate whether a modified short-term pre-exposure protocol could also induce cardioprotection, and its potential mechanisms. Adult male Sprague Dawley rats were ...
Rodríguez-Sinovas Antonio - - 2010
Connexin 43 (Cx43) plays an important role in cardioprotective signalling by mechanisms at least in part independent of gap junctional communication. To investigate whether this role is related to specific properties of this connexin isoform, we used a knock-in mouse model in which the coding region of Cx43 is replaced ...
Hiroi Toshihito - - 2010
The goal of this study was to elucidate whether there is an increase in myocardial tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), which is a cofactor for nitric oxide synthase, during the late phase of ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) leading to cardioprotection against myocardial infarction and, if so, to examine the induction mechanisms of BH4 synthesis. ...
Miura Tetsuji - - 2010
The gap junction plays roles not only in electrical coupling of cardiomyocytes but also in intercellular transport of biologically active substances. Furthermore, the gap junction participates in decision making on cell survival versus cell death in various types of cells, and a part of reperfusion injury in the heart has ...
Botha Phil - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Sildenafil citrate has been shown to induce myocardial protective effects in a variety of experimental settings. Whether these effects could be used to enhance myocardial protection afforded by crystalloid cardioplegia, volatile anesthesia and hypothermia during cardiac transplantation remains to be established. METHODS: We investigated the use of sildenafil-mediated cardioprotection ...
Yu Shuchun - - 2010
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of landiolol on ischemic preconditioned rat hearts. METHODS: Isolated perfused rat hearts were divided into 8 groups. In the control group, there was no treatment before the 30-min global ischemia. In the landiolol infused groups, landiolol (100, 300, and 500 microM) was infused without ischemic ...
Dong Jian-Wen - - 2010
Recent studies have implicated Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and TLR4 signaling in delimiting liver and brain injury following ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). To determine whether TLR2 and TLR4 conferred cytoprotection in the heart, we subjected hearts of wild-type (WT) mice and mice deficient in TLR2 (TLR2D), TLR4 (TLR4D), and TIR domain-containing adapter ...
Gottlieb Roberta A - - 2010
The study of autophagy has been transformed by the cloning of most genes in the pathway and the introduction of GFP-LC3 as a reporter to allow visual assessment of autophagy. The field of cardiac biology is not alone in attempting to understand the implications of autophagy. The purpose of this ...
Ludman Andrew J AJ The Hatter Cardiovascular Institute, University College London, 67 Chenies Mews, London WC1E 6HX, - - 2010
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. The development of novel treatment strategies for protecting the myocardium against the detrimental effects of acute ischaemia-reperfusion injury, termed cardioprotection, and for improving clinical outcomes in patients with CHD requires the use of appropriate animal disease models. The concept ...
Matej?kov? Jana - - 2009
Opening of mitochondrial KATP channels (mitoKATP) has been reported to underlie protection against ischaemia-reperfusion injury induced by ischaemic preconditioning (I-PC); however, the molecular mechanisms of its antiarrhythmic effect have not been fully elucidated. We explored the involvement of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt in the PC-like effect of mitoKATP opener diazoxide with ...
Ambrosio Giuseppe - - 2010
Brief episode(s) of ischaemia may increase cardiac tolerance to a subsequent major ischaemic insult ('preconditioning'). Nitrates can pharmacologically mimic ischaemic preconditioning in animals. In this study, we investigated whether antecedent nitrate therapy affords protection toward acute ischaemic events using data from the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events. The dataset ...
Zhu Junchao - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: We sought to test whether a transient myocardial ischaemia can induce impairment of hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) and whether sevoflurane preconditioning can provide robust protective effects on this neurological impairment. METHODS: Wistar rats were subjected to a transient coronary artery occlusion for 30 min. Sevoflurane preconditioning was ...
Naderi Roya - - 2010
We assume that phenylephrine produces late pharmacological preconditioning through the opening of the mitochondrial KATP channels. To test this hypothesis, rat hearts were isolated and perfused with Krebs buffer solution by Langendorff method and subjected to 30 min regional ischemia followed by 60 min of reperfusion. In this study, phenylephrine ...
Tao Xing - - 2009
We compare the cardioprotective effects of anesthetic preconditioning by propofol and/or isoflurane in rats with ischemia-reperfusion injury. Male adult Wistar rats were subjected to 60 min of anterior descending coronary artery occlusion followed by 120 min of reperfusion. Before the long ischemia, anesthetics were administered twice for 10 min followed ...
Jones W Keith WK Department of Pharmacology and Cell Biophysics, University of Cincinnati, OH 45267-0575, - - 2009
Although remote ischemic stimuli have been shown to elicit cardioprotection against ischemia/reperfusion injury, there is little known about the effects of nonischemic stimuli. We previously described a remote cardioprotective effect of nonischemic surgical trauma (abdominal incision) called remote preconditioning of trauma (RPCT). In the present study, we elucidate mechanisms underlying ...
Kawada Toru - - 2009
AIMS: To examine endogenous acetylcholine (ACh) release in the rabbit left ventricle during acute ischemia, ischemic preconditioning and electrical vagal stimulation. MAIN METHODS: We measured myocardial interstitial ACh levels in the rabbit left ventricle using a cardiac microdialysis technique. In Protocol 1 (n=6), the left circumflex coronary artery (LCX) was ...
Zhang Hao - - 2010
We suggested that low-level laser irradiation (LLLI) precondition prior to cell transplantation might remodel the hostile milieu of infarcted myocardium and subsequently enhance early survival and therapeutic potential of implanted bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). Therefore, in this study we wanted to address: (1) whether LLLI pre-treatment change the ...
Løfgren Bo - - 2010
We have found that cardioprotection by l-glutamate mimics protection by classical ischaemic preconditioning (IPC). We investigated whether the effect of IPC involves amino acid transamination and whether IPC modulates myocardial glutamate metabolism. In a glucose-perfused, isolated rat heart model subjected to 40 min global no-flow ischaemia and 120 min reperfusion, ...
Yang Xi-Ming - - 2010
Ischemic pre- (IPC) and post- (IPOC) conditioning are very protective in laboratory animals, but it has not been possible to measure their anti-infarct potency in human hearts. Non-human primates are genetically closer to humans than other laboratory animals, but until now there have been no studies of IPC or IPOC ...
Manintveld Olivier C - - 2009
Patients with an impending myocardial infarction may be preconditioned by pre-infarct angina. Hence, it is important to establish whether ischemic postconditioning is still effective in preconditioned hearts. We therefore studied in anesthetized rats the effect of postconditioning after coronary artery occlusions (CAO) of 60 min in control hearts, hearts preconditioned ...
Shimizu Mikiko - - 2009
rIPC (remote ischaemic preconditioning) is a phenomenon whereby short periods of ischaemia and reperfusion of a tissue or organ (e.g. mesentery, kidney) can protect a distant tissue or organ (e.g. heart) against subsequent, potentially lethal, ischaemia. We, and others, have shown that transient limb ischaemia can provide potent myocardial protection ...
Vessey Donald A DA Liver Study Unit, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California 94121, USA. - - 2009
Exogenous sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is an effective cardioprotectant against ischemic injury. We have investigated the hypothesis that S1P is also an important endogenous cardioprotectant released during both ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and ischemic postconditioning (IPOST). IPC of ex vivo rat hearts was instituted by two cycles of 3 min ischemia-5 min ...
Calvert John W JW Department of Surgery, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, 550 Peachtree St NE, Atlanta, GA 30308, - - 2009
The recent emergence of hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) as a potent cardioprotective signaling molecule necessitates the elucidation of its cytoprotective mechanisms. The present study evaluated potential mechanisms of H(2)S-mediated cardioprotection using an in vivo model of pharmacological preconditioning. H(2)S (100 microg/kg) or vehicle was administered to mice via an intravenous injection ...
Redel Andreas - - 2009
The murine in vivo model of acute myocardial infarction is increasingly used to investigate anesthetic-induced preconditioning (APC) and postconditioning (APOST). However, in mice the potency of different volatile anesthetics to reduce myocardial infarct size (IS) has never been investigated systematically nor in a head to head comparison with regard to ...
Okusa Chika - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Anaesthetic preconditioning (APC) exerts cardioprotective effects by reducing infarct size and improving recovery of contractile function after ischaemia-reperfusion. The interval between brief exposure to volatile anaesthetic and sustained ischaemia, the acute memory phase, is dependent on intracellular signalling mediating this cardioprotection. Intramyocyte translocation of protein kinase C ...
Vessey Donald A - - 2009
Aging hearts are known to have diminished capacity to be protected against reoxygenation ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury provided by various cardioprotective regimens. In search of a more successful regimen, we have studied the response of aged hearts to preconditioning (PC) and postconditioning (POST) elicited by sphingosine or sphingosine 1-phosphate treatment.An ex ...
Saxena Pankaj - - 2010
Remote ischemic conditioning is a novel concept of protection against ischemia-reperfusion injury. Brief controlled episodes of intermittent ischemia of the arm or leg may confer a powerful systemic protection against prolonged ischemia in a distant organ. This conditioning phenomenon is clinically applicable and can be performed before--preconditioning, during--perconditioning, or after--postconditioning ...
Sadat Umar - - 2009
Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a major contributory factor to cardiac dysfunction and infarct size that determines patient prognosis after acute myocardial infarction. During the last 20 years, since the appearance of the first publication on ischemic preconditioning (IP), our knowledge of this phenomenon has increased exponentially. Basic scientific experiments and ...
Skyschally Andreas - - 2009
Ischemic postconditioning, a simple mechanical maneuver at the onset of reperfusion, reduces infarct size after ischemia/reperfusion. After its first description in 2003 by Zhao et al. numerous experimental studies have investigated this protective phenomenon. Whereas the underlying mechanisms and signal transduction are not yet understood in detail, infarct size reduction ...
Hu Xiaorong - - 2010
To investigate whether preconditioning with high mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) could reduce myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Infarct size, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase (CK), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were assessed. HMGB1 preconditioning reduced significantly the infarct size induced by I/R. The LDH, CK, TNF-α and ...
Downey James M - - 2009
Despite thousands of publications describing agents that limit infarct size in animals, all we have available today is reperfusion therapy. In this review, we examine why these drugs have not been translated into clinical practice. Many of the first interventions tested in clinical trials were very controversial in animal trials ...
Konia Mojca Remskar - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Sevoflurane anaesthetic preconditioning (SPC) has been shown to limit nuclear factor-[kappa]B (NF-[kappa]B) activation and the production of inflammatory cytokines during myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R). Similarly, pharmacological inhibition of NF-[kappa]B using parthenolide is effective in limiting I/R injury. We, therefore, postulated that the protective effect of delayed SPC would ...
Gritsopoulos G - - 2009
PURPOSE: Postconditioning confers protection to the heart after a potentially lethal episode of prolonged ischemia. There is evidence that it may also be protective when applied at a distal artery. In the present study, we sought to determine whether remote postconditioning within the heart (local) or outside the heart (distal) ...
Dow Joan - - 2009
We have observed that ischemic postconditioning markedly reduces reperfusion-induced ventricular arrhythmias, but whether the mechanism is related to previously described pathways of preconditioning or postconditioning for infarct size reduction is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine whether known pathways were involved in postconditioning's protective effect on arrhythmias. ...
Pan Ting-Ting - - 2009
In the current study, we investigated the delayed cardioprotection induced by H(2)S preconditioning in an in vivo rat model of myocardial infarction. Assessment of infarct size revealed that a single bolus of NaHS (a donor of H(2)S, at 0.1-10 micromol/kg body weight) administered 1 day before myocardial infarction produced a ...
Chen Gang - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Myocardial dysfunction is often seen during the inflammatory response to major surgery at 4 to 6h postoperatively. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of glutamine pretreatment, as a means of preconditioning, on lipopolysaccharide-induced myocardial dysfunction. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were randomized into four groups: Control; lipopolysaccharide; ...
Smul Thorsten M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The authors tested the hypothesis that volatile anesthetic-induced preconditioning (APC) follows a similar time pattern as that described for ischemic preconditioning and that delayed APC is mediated by nitric oxide. DESIGN: A prospective randomized vehicle-controlled study. SETTING: A university research laboratory. SUBJECTS: New Zealand white rabbits (n = 75). ...
Granfeldt Asger - - 2009
Infarct size can be limited by reducing the determinants of infarct size or increasing collateral blood flow by treatment initiated before the ischaemic event. Reperfusion is the definitive treatment for permanently reducing infarct size and restoring some degree of contractile function to the affected myocardium. Innate survival mechanisms in the ...
Li Shu-Juan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Transient limb ischemia induces remote early preconditioning that protects the myocardium from ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). However, it is unknown whether limb ischemia induces remote late preconditioning and whether it induces the same magnitude of cardioprotection compared with cardial ischemic preconditioning (CIP). We tested the hypothesis that late remote preconditioning of ...
Baumert Jan H - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if the protective effects of xenon and isoflurane against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion damage would be additive. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized laboratory investigation. SETTING: An animal laboratory of a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-six pigs (female German landrace). INTERVENTIONS: In an open-chest preparation with thiopental anesthesia, the left anterior descending ...
Pagel Paul S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Intracellular acidosis during early reperfusion after coronary artery occlusion was recently linked to cardioprotection resulting from myocardial ischemic postconditioning. We tested the hypotheses that transient alkalosis during early reperfusion abolishes helium preconditioning and that the mitochondrial permeability transition pore inhibitor cyclosporin A (CsA) restores the cardioprotective effects of helium ...
Shainberg Asher - - 2009
Massive amounts of nucleotides are released during ischemia in the cardiovascular system. Although the effect of the purine nucleotide ATP has been intensively studied in myocardial infarction, the cardioprotective role of the pyrimidine nucleotide UTP is still unclear, especially in the cardiovascular system. The purpose of our study was to ...
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