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Altup S - - 2001
We studied the effects of urate, a peroxynitrite scavenger, on ischaemia- and peroxynitrite-induced preconditioning in rat isolated hearts. Isolated hearts perfused with Krebs-Henseleit solution were preconditioned either by 3 min of coronary artery occlusion or by peroxynitrite administration (1 microM) for 3 min, followed by 10 min of reperfusion and ...
Sharma A - - 2001
The present study is designed to investigate the effect of myocardial preconditioning with oxidative stress induced by pyrogallol or H2O2, on ischaemia-reperfusion induced myocardial injury. Isolated perfused rat heart was subjected to global ischaemia for 30 min followed by reperfusion for 120 min. Coronary effluent was analysed for LDH and ...
Farhat F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Brain death (BD) abolishes the infarct-limiting effect of ischemic preconditioning (IP) in rabbits. We wished to define the role of the norepinephrine storm in this observation. METHODS: Rabbits were randomized into six groups of ten animals each. In control group (CTRL), anaesthetized rabbits were subjected to 30 min left ...
Petrishchev N N. - - 2001
The protective effect of local or remote ischemic preconditioning (IPC) on subsequent 40-min ischemic and 120-min reperfusion myocardial damage was investigated. Preconditioned rats underwent one cycle of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion consisting of 5-min ischemia produced as a left coronary artery (LCA) occlusion and 5 min of reperfusion. Remote IPC was produced ...
Tähep ld P - - 2001
Oxidative stress may precondition the heart. The present study investigated whether hyperoxia elicits a preconditioning-like response. Rats were kept in a hyperoxic (>95% O2) environment for 60 or 180 minutes. Hearts were Langendorff-perfused immediately or 24 hours after hyperoxia, and exposed to 25 minutes of global ischemia and 60 minutes ...
McCully J D - - 2001
Adenosine-enhanced ischemic preconditioning (APC) extends the cardioprotection of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) by both significantly decreasing myocardial infarct size and significantly enhancing postischemic functional recovery. In this study, the role of adenosine receptors during ischemia-reperfusion was determined. Rabbit hearts (n = 92) were used for Langendorff perfusion. Control hearts were perfused ...
Li G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Previous work has shown that cardiac ischemic preconditioning reduces cardiac reperfusion injury. We investigated whether cardiac ischemic preconditioning can improve lung preservation in patients who undergo valve replacement. METHODS: Forty patients with rheumatic heart disease requiring valve replacement were randomly divided into two groups. Twenty patients received two cycles ...
Zhang W J - - 2001
AIM: To investigate whether allitridum has the effect of pharmacological preconditioning and whether protein kinase C (PKC) plays a role in myocardial protection. METHODS: Thirty-four isolated rabbit hearts which subjected to 30 min of regional myocardial ischemia and 2 h reperfusion, were randomly divided into 5 groups: control group, ischemic ...
Sasaki H - - 2001
Therapeutic angiogenesis achieved either through the use of discreet angiogenic proteins or by gene therapy is fast emerging as a highly attractive treatment modality for ischemic heart disease. Herein we examine a novel method of stimulating myocardial angiogenesis by hypoxic preconditioning at both capillary and arteriolar levels, and the potential ...
Kevelaitis E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to compare ischemic preconditioning with opening of mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channels and Na(+)/H(+) exchange inhibition in an isolated heart model of cold storage, simulating the situation of cardiac allografts. METHODS: Sixty-seven isolated isovolumic buffer-perfused rat hearts were arrested with and stored in Celsior solution ...
Buckberg G D - - 2001
This overview focuses upon the fundamental cohesion between myocardial protection and mechanical repair for surgical success. Currently, our attention is directed toward the natural evolution of more complex surgical methods, while there is slower rise in interest in advanced methods of protection. The absence of manuscripts on myocardial protection in ...
Song Q J - - 2001
AIM: To examine the role of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in ischemic preconditioning induced by prostaglandins in isolated guinea pig hearts. METHODS: The isolated guinea pig hearts were perfused in a Langendorff model. The heart rate, coronary flow, left ventricular pressure, and its first derivatives (+/-dp/dt(max)) were recorded and the ...
Wang G Y - - 2001
Two series of experiments were performed in the isolated perfused rat heart to determine the role of kappa- and delta-opioid receptors (OR) in cardioprotection of ischemic preconditioning (IP). In the first series of experiments, it was found that IP with two cycles of 5-min regional ischemia followed by 5-min reperfusion ...
Lu K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Ischemic preconditioning combined with potassium cardioplegia does not always confer additive myocardial protection. This study tested the hypothesis that the efficacy of ischemic preconditioning under potassium cardioplegia is dependent on protein kinase C isoform. METHODS: Isolated and crystalloid-perfused rat hearts underwent 5 cycles of 1 minute of ischemia and ...
Macho P - - 2001
Brief episodes of tachycardia without myocardial ischemia prior to a coronary occlusion decrease myocardial infarct size in dogs. This non-ischemic preconditioning is mediated by adenosine. Because ischemic preconditioning is mediated through ATP dependent potassium channels, particularly the mitochondrial ones, we studied whether non-ischemic preconditioning is also mediated through these channels. ...
Gomma A H - - 2001
Potassium channel openers or agonists represent a novel new class of compounds in the treatment of a range of cardiovascular disorders, particularly angina pectoris and hypertension. Nicorandil is the only clinically available potassium channel opener with antianginal effects, and with comparable efficacy and tolerability to existing antianginal therapy. It confers ...
Suleiman M S - - 2001
The ischemic heart requires reperfusion using clinical interventions, such as coronary artery bypass graft surgery, in order to recover. Despite recent developments in myocardial protection techniques, reperfusion damage still occurs, and significant morbidity remains a problem. Therefore, the search continues for techniques that will limit myocardial damage and that will ...
Heidland U E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Ischemic preconditioning renders hearts more resistant to the deleterious consequences of ischemia. Adenosine is an important mediator in the induction and maintenance of ischemic preconditioning. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) allows the investigation of the consequences of ischemia in humans. The severity of myocardial ischemia decreases with subsequent balloon ...
Nakano A - - 2000
There is debate concerning the involvement of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in ischemic preconditioning (PC). At the center of the controversy are data obtained after administration of SB 203580, a specific inhibitor of p38 MAPK. Whereas several studies have reported that SB 203580 abolishes the cardioprotective effect of PC, ...
Feng J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Depressed myocardial performance is an important clinical problem after open heart surgery. We hypothesized pretreating with bradykinin would pharmacologically precondition the heart and improve post-ischemic performance, and induce myocardial preconditioning by activating nitric oxide synthase. METHODS: Thirty-three rabbit hearts underwent retrograde perfusion with Krebs-Henseleit buffer (KHB) followed by 50 ...
Napoli C - - 2000
The term "ischemic preconditioning (PC)" was first applied to canine myocardium subjected to brief episodes of ischemia and reperfusion that tolerated a more prolonged episode of ischemia better than myocardium not previously exposed to ischemia. Protective effect of myocardial ischemic PC was demonstrated in several animal species, resulting in the ...
Guo Y - - 2000
Recent studies have demonstrated that cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is an essential mediator of the cardioprotective effects of the late phase of ischemic preconditioning (PC) in rabbits. The goal of this study was to determine whether COX-2 also plays an essential role in late PC in the mouse. B6129F2/J mice underwent a ...
Xi L - - 2000
The phenomenon of 'ischemic preconditioning' (IP) has been vigorously investigated during the past 15 years. As our knowledge on the possible protective mechanisms of IP has been increasingly expanded, novel approaches based on preconditioning with pharmacological agents have recently emerged. Two drugs have been used to induce delayed preconditioning against ...
Sato M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Ischemic preconditioning (PC) represents a state-of-the-art technique for myocardial preservation. Although certain intracellular mediators have been shown to play a role in PC, the exact nature of the trigger for PC is not known. Our previous study demonstrated that intracellular bradykinin released from the heart during ischemia/reperfusion plays a ...
Toyoda Y - - 2000
Adenosine-enhanced ischemic preconditioning (APC) extends the protection afforded by ischemic preconditioning (IPC) by both significantly decreasing infarct size and significantly enhancing post-ischemic functional recovery. In this study, the anti-infarct effects and the anti-stunning effects of APC in contributing to enhanced post-ischemic functional recovery were determined and compared with IPC. Sheep ...
Matsuyama N - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and pharmacological preconditioning (PPC) have both been shown to confer cardioprotective effects. However, the role of protein synthesis in preconditioning is unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Isolated rabbit hearts were treated with cycloheximide (CHx, 10 micromol/L), a protein synthesis inhibitor at the translational level, before 2 cycles ...
Wu Z K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Preservation of right ventricular myocardium is unsatisfactory in patients with critical stenosis or occlusion of the right coronary artery. The aim of this study was to investigate whether ischemic preconditioning (IP) improved the recovery of right ventricular function after coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: Forty patients with three-vessel disease ...
Matsumura K - - 2000
Protein kinase C (PKC) has been known to play an important role in ischemic preconditioning (IP). This study was designed to examine whether the translocation of PKC is associated with the cardioprotective effects of IP in vivo on infarct size and ventricular arrhythmias in a rat model. Using anesthetized rats, ...
Futterman L G - - 2000
Hibernation is a chronic condition that can be due to either chronic low perfusion or repetitive stunning. When oxygen demands increase, prolonged periods of ischemia occur, resulting in multiple episodes of stunning. Because hibernation may play a significant role in refractory failure, the diagnosis of hibernation followed by reperfusion can ...
Takano H - - 2000
The role of ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels in the late phase of ischemic preconditioning (PC) remains unclear. Furthermore, it is unknown whether K(ATP) channels serve as end effectors both for late PC against infarction and against stunning. Thus, in phase I of this study, conscious rabbits underwent a 30-min coronary ...
Takano H - - 2000
It is unknown whether late preconditioning (PC) enhances the recovery of left ventricular (LV) function after a myocardial infarction. Thus 25 conscious rabbits were subjected to a 30-min coronary occlusion followed by 28 days of reperfusion after PC 24 h earlier with either ischemia or nitric oxide donor administration [S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine ...
Falck G - - 2000
PURPOSE: Despite detailed knowledge of the effects of X-ray contrast media on cardiac function, no studies have examined the effect of contrast media injections on the subsequent tolerance to ischemia in the heart. METHODS: Isolated perfused rat hearts were exposed to repetitive injections of iohexol, iodixanol, or ioxaglate before 30 ...
Feng J - - 2000
The objective of this study was to investigate if a variation in extracellular-K+ concentrations alters the effects of global pre-conditioning on ischemia-induced arrhythmias. Rat hearts were Langendorff-perfused with Krebs-Henseleit solution and randomised in 8 groups (n = 12/group): four control groups (K+: 2, 4, 6, or 8 mmol/L) which underwent ...
Sharma A - - 2000
The present study is designed to investigate the role of Na+ -H+ exchanger in the cardioprotective effect of ischaemic and angiotensin (Ang II) preconditioning. Isolated perfused rat heart was subjected to global ischaemia for 30 min followed by reperfusion for 120 min. Coronary effluent was analysed for LDH and CK ...
Sharma A - - 2000
The present study is designed to investigate the mechanism of cardioprotective effect of angiotensin II preconditioning. Isolated perfused rat heart was subjected to global ischaemia for 30 min followed by reperfusion for 120 min. Coronary effluent was analysed for lactate dehydrogenase and creatine kinase enzyme release to assess the degree ...
Singh D - - 2000
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of actinomycin D, a transcription inhibitor, and cycloheximide, a translation inhibitor, on the delayed cardioprotective effect of ischemic preconditioning. Left thoracotomy was performed in anaesthetized rats at 4th/5th intercostal space and polypropylene suture (5-0) was employed to occlude left common coronary ...
Tang W - - 2000
Postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction has been recognized as a leading cause of the high postresuscitation mortality rate. We investigated the effects of ischemic preconditioning and activation of ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels on postresuscitation myocardial function. Ventricular fibrillation (VF) was induced in 25 Sprague-Dawley rats. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), including mechanical ventilation and ...
Tracey W R - - 2000
This study investigated whether aldose reductase (AR) inhibition with zopolrestat, either alone or in combination with an adenosine A(3)-receptor agonist (CB-MECA), reduced myocardial ischemic injury in rabbit hearts subjected to 30 min of regional ischemia and 120 min of reperfusion. Zopolrestat reduced infarct size by up to 61%, both in ...
Toufektsian M C - - 2000
Oxygen radical scavengers have been shown to prevent the development of ischemic preconditioning, suggesting that reactive oxygen species (ROS) might be involved in this phenomenon. In the present study, we have investigated whether direct exposure to ROS produced by photoactivated Rose Bengal (RB) could mimic the protective effects of ischemic ...
Yellon D M - - 2000
The possibility that an innate mechanism of myocardial protection might be inducible in the human heart has generated considerable excitement and enthusiastic research. The potential to enhance myocardial resistance to ischemic injury in patients suffering the consequences of coronary artery disease has led to studies with more direct clinical relevance. ...
Oliveira P J - - 2000
Carvedilol (¿1-[carbazolyl-(4)-oxy]-3-[2-methoxyphenoxyethyl)amino]-pro panol-(2) ¿) is a novel compound used in clinical practice for the treatment of congestive heart failure, mild to moderate hypertension, and myocardial infarction. Carvedilol was also shown to protect cardiac mitochondria from oxidative stress events. Because mitochondria are the main suppliers of ATP for cardiac muscle work, ...
Ahmet I - - 2000
BACKGROUND: We have reported a similar cardioprotective effect and mechanism of diadenosine tetraphosphate (AP4A) and ischemic preconditioning in rat hearts. In this study, the applicability of AP4A administration to cardiac surgery was tested by using a canine cardiopulmonary bypass model. METHODS: Hearts underwent 60 minutes of cardioplegic arrest (34 degrees ...
Yoshida T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Ischemic preconditioning has been proven to be a powerful tool for myocardial protection in the setting of ischemia and reperfusion. A new drug to provide pharmacologic preconditioning, monophosphoryl lipid A (MLA), was administered 24 hours before an acute coronary occlusion in pigs to determine the effect on pharmacologic preconditioning. ...
Morrison R R - - 2000
The role of A(1) adenosine receptors (A(1)AR) in ischemic preconditioning was investigated in isolated crystalloid-perfused wild-type and transgenic mouse hearts with increased A(1)AR. The effect of preconditioning on postischemic myocardial function, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, and infarct size was examined. Functional recovery was greater in transgenic versus wild-type hearts (44.8 ...
Tanhehco E J - - 2000
This investigation examined the effect of preconditioning in an in vivo model of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Anesthetized New Zealand White rabbits underwent 30 min of regional myocardial ischemia followed by 2 h of reperfusion. Hearts preconditioned with two cycles of 5 min ischemia-10 min reperfusion (IPC) or with the ATP-sensitive K ...
Piriou V - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Both mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium (MKATP) channels (selectively blocked by 5-hydroxydecanoate) and stretch-activated channels (blocked by gadolinium) have been involved in the mechanism of ischemic preconditioning. Isoflurane can reproduce the protection afforded by ischemic preconditioning. We sought to determine whether isoflurane-induced preconditioning may involve MKATP and stretch-activated channels. METHODS: ...
Li F F Human Medical University, Changsha, Hunan, - - 2000
The Langendorff model was used to determine whether pretreatment with sevoflurane, isoflurane, or ischemic preconditioning (IP) could protect the myocardium of rats against global ischemia. After 15-min perfusion, each isolated heart was assigned to (1) CONTROL GROUP: no pretreatment, (2) Sevoflurane group: 20-min exposure of 1.7% sevoflurane prior to ischemia, ...
Shinmura K - - 2000
We examined the role of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in the late phase of ischemic preconditioning (PC). A total of 176 conscious rabbits were used. Ischemic PC (six cycles of 4-min coronary occlusions/4-min reperfusions) resulted in a rapid increase in myocardial COX-2 mRNA levels (+231 +/- 64% at 1 h; RNase protection ...
Coetzee W A - - 2000
The action of pharmacological openers of K(ATP) channels depends on the availability and levels of various intracellular nucleotides. Since these are subject to change during myocardial ischaemia, K(ATP) channel openers may affect ischaemic and non-ischaemic tissue differentially. Using a recently developed dual coronary perfusion method, we investigated the effects on ...
Cohen M V - - 2000
BACKGROUND: In a previous study, we found that recovery of segment shortening in the ischemic zone of conscious, chronically instrumented rabbits was significantly better in ischemically preconditioned than control animals after 72 hours of reperfusion. However, although this period of reperfusion was felt to be sufficient to allow recovery from ...
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