Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1087
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Tunao─člu F Sedef - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed for quantification of mitral regurgitation by echocardiographic measurements such as regurgitant volume (RV), regurgitant fraction (RF) and effective regurgitant orifice area (EROA), and to assess the effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) therapy on these measurements. METHODS: Patients with rheumatic mitral insufficiency were divided ...
Guy T Sloane TS - - 2004
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) results from, but does not influence, the progression of left ventricular (LV) remodeling after posterolateral infarction. Surgical correction of chronic IMR is being increasingly recommended. Three groups of sheep had coronary snares placed around the second and ...
Fundarò Pino - - 2004
Chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation is traditionally a complex lesion to repair. Only restrictive annuloplasty has become an accepted strategy to avoid valve replacement, but results are unsatisfactory in some subgroups of patients. We describe an original technique that addresses the pathophysiologic mechanisms responsible for one of the most common subtypes ...
Ogus Noyan Temucin - - 2004
In 31 consecutive patients with ischemic left ventricular dysfunction and mitral regurgitation ranging from 2/4 to 3/4 (mean, 2.87 +/- 0.34), we performed coronary bypass grafting alone and assessed early and midterm outcomes. Our patients' mean preoperative New York Heart Association functional class was 3.64 +/- 0.48, and their mean ...
Inada Keiichi - - 2004
Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM), which shows left ventricular outflow pressure gradient (LVPG), is often complicated with mitral regurgitation (MR). We examined a 62-year-old Japanese female with HOCM and MR. Ultrasound echocardiography showed severe MR, asymmetrical septal hypertrophy, systolic anterior movement of the mitral valve anterior leaflet, and left ventricular outflow ...
Meluzín JaroslaV - - 2004
The optimization of atrioventricular (AV) delay is known to significantly contribute to maximum cardiac performance. The aim of this study was to validate a new, fast, and simple echocardiographic method of identifying the AV delay that provides the maximum cardiac output (CO). Right heart catheterization and Doppler echocardiography of transmitral ...
Irwin James M - - 2003
This report describes two patients who developed severe mitral regurgitation and drug refractory congestive heart failure after implantation of a conventional pacemaker. Both patients had a normal left ventricular ejection fraction. Dramatic long-term improvement occurred following the institution of biventricular pacing that resulted in mild mitral regurgitation. The findings illustrate ...
Tanaka Kaoru - - 2003
The optimal timing of surgical correction of severe mitral regurgitation (MR) is important for improved morbidity and mortality. We utilized a scoring system to decide the timing of procedures. Based on clinical features and echocardiographic data, we hypothesized that preoperative semi-quantitation of MR using this scoring system may be useful ...
Formigari Roberto - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The fate of the native pulmonary valve after arterial switch operation is still unknown and may become a cause for a secondary aortic valve operation during adult life. We evaluated the prevalence and predictive factors associated with neoaortic valvular regurgitation by a retrospective study of children who underwent arterial ...
Gehlen H - - 2003
Twenty horses with mitral valve insufficiency, but without signs of congestive heart failure, and five horses without signs of heart disease were examined before and after medication with an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. The examination included echocardiography assessment as well as heart catheterization. The echocardiographic examination included B-mode, M-mode, conventional ...
Alessandri N - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Mitral regurgitation during diastole in 5 subjects, of whom 4 affected by cardiovascular disease and 1 healthy competitive athlete, was the aim of this work. The 4 patients are respectively affected by: 1st case: arterial hypertension, dyslipidemia and III degree AV block in NYHA class II heart failure (HF); ...
Dahlberg Peter S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: We plan to determine whether the cause of mitral valve regurgitation, ischemic or degenerative, affects survival after combined mitral valve repair or replacement and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery and to assess the influence of residual mitral regurgitation on late outcome. METHODS: A retrospective study was made of ...
Yonekura Tsuyoshi - - 2003
We report a 75-year-old man with ischemic cardiomyopathy who had mitral regurgitation which was increased markedly by intermittent left bundle branch block (LBBB). He complained of angina-like chest pain that was preceded by episodes of LBBB. During LBBB, a marked elevation of the V wave in the pulmonary capillary wedge ...
Kaye David M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Mitral regurgitation (MR) frequently accompanies congestive heart failure (CHF) and is associated with poorer prognosis and more significantly impaired symptomatic status. Although surgical mitral valve annuloplasty has the potential to offer benefit, concerns about the combined surgical risk and possible effects on ventricular performance have limited progress. We evaluated ...
Inoue Takehiro - - 2003
Papillary muscle rupture complicating acute myocardial infarction leads to mitral regurgitation and is associated with significant mortality. We experienced a case involving massive mitral regurgitation caused by complete anterior papillary muscle rupture following acute lateral myocardial infarction. A 75-year-old woman developed heart failure shortly after her admission, and the diagnosis ...
Pu Min - - 2003
The objective of this investigation is to determine the importance of ischemic viable myocardium for clinical outcomes in patients with severe chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation and severe left ventricular dysfunction undergoing surgical correction of mitral regurgitation. The study included 54 patients with left ventricular ejection fraction of 27 +/- 9%. ...
Lanna Cristina Costa Duarte - - 2003
In order prospectively to investigate the frequency and evolution of subclinical valvitis, we selected 40 consecutive patients suffering their initial attack of rheumatic fever, seen in our clinic from 1992 to 1994, and followed-up until 2001, with a mean period of follow-up of 8.1 years, and a standard deviation of ...
Kawahito Shinji - - 2003
An 18-day-old male neonate (45 cm, 1.8 kg) with a history of cyanosis and congestive heart failure from an atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) with a large left-to-right shunt was scheduled for surgical repair of the AVSD. After routine induction of anaesthesia with fentanyl and vecuronium, a 4.5-mm diameter transoesophageal echocardiography ...
Paparella Domenico - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing bypass grafting (CABG) often present with mitral regurgitation (MR). While surgical strategy for patients with either trace or severe MR is well established, the need for a valve procedure with mild (2) to moderate (3+) mitral regurgitation is controversial. METHODS: We reviewed 1,939 consecutive CABG patients (1987 ...
Messas Emmanuel - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Mitral regurgitation (MR) conveys adverse prognosis in ischemic heart disease. Leaflet closure is restricted by tethering to displaced papillary muscles, and is, therefore, incompletely treated by annular reduction. In an acute ischemic model, we reduced such MR by cutting a limited number of critically positioned chordae to the leaflet ...
Adler O - - 2003
This report concerns an apparently healthy elderly woman who presented with gradually worsening mitral regurgitation secondary to chordae tendineae rupture leading to pulmonary edema in the presence of discrete subvalvular aortic stenosis with a severe gradient reflecting the left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. The gradual worsening of heart failure took ...
Chockalingam Anand - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aim was to determine prevalence and patterns of chronic rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in developing countries, where it remains a major cause of mortality and morbidity. The incidence of different valvular lesions and complications in chronic RHD were analyzed. METHODS: The study ...
Johnson Tiffanie R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: When echocardiography is used to follow up cardiac patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), ejection fraction as a measure of ventricular function has been used to determine likelihood of survival after decannulation. We hypothesized that systemic atrioventricular (AV) valve regurgitation while on ECMO may be a better predictor of ...
Fluture Adrian - - 2003
Valvular involvement is the most encountered form of heart disease in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Immunoglobulin and complement deposition in the valvular structure will subsequently lead to Libman-Sacks vegetations, valve thickening, and valve regurgitation. Valvular stenosis is rarely seen. Involvement of the mitral valve is most frequently encountered. Valve disease ...
Yamaguchi Atsushi - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Mitral valve surgery for the correction of mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients with ischemic heart disease has been associated with poor prognosis. The criteria for selecting an appropriate surgical procedure are not clearly defined. The objectives of this study were to clarify the criteria for mitral valve manipulation and ...
Palta Sanjeev - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Mitral regurgitation (MR) is frequent in patients with severe calcific aortic stenosis (AS). This complicates not only the clinical course of AS, but also its surgical management. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanism of genesis of MR in patients ...
Chockalingam Anand - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Rheumatic fever (RF) incidence has declined dramatically in the West, but still accounts for a major percentage of cardiac debility in developing countries. The study aim was to analyze the incidence, clinical profile and echocardiography findings in acute RF over the past decade. METHODS: ...
Durakoglugil Murtaza Emre - - 2003
Congestive heart failure (CHF) due to hyperkinetic states can occur in systemic diseases and in arteriovenous fistulas. An 18 year old Turkish male patient complaining of dyspnea and palpitations, who had suffered a stab wound to his abdomen eight months earlier, was admitted to our clinic. Auscultation revealed a systolodiastolic ...
Spencer Ariel U - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Use of the heterotopic rat cardiac isograft model is limited by ventricular atrophy attributable to the left ventricle's non-working state. Previous studies indicate that increased left ventricular pressure-volume work minimizes atrophy. We used a simpler approach to increase ventricular work, imposing aortic regurgitation on the transplant. We hypothesized that ...
Gray Rosaire - - 2003
Patients after repair of tetralogy of Fallot are at increased risk of arrhythmic death. Clinical data suggest that pulmonary regurgitation predisposes to these arrhythmias, although the cellular electrophysiologic effects of pulmonary regurgitation are unknown. We induced pulmonary regurgitation in lambs, and 3 mo later, having quantified the pulmonary regurgitant (PR) ...
Galasko G I W - - 2003
AIMS: Heart failure is placing an increasing burden on society. This has led to calls for echocardiographic-based programmes to screen for left ventricular systolic dysfunction and other cardiac abnormalities. Echocardiography using new fully portable echocardiography devices would allow community-based cost-effective screening programmes once validated. This study was undertaken to evaluate ...
He Shengqiu - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Perturbations of leaflet geometry are the final end point through which left ventricular (LV) ischemia causes incomplete mitral leaflet closure and resultant mitral regurgitation (MR). Geometric inconsistencies observed with valvular or subvalvular structural alterations raise several questions. METHODS: A new in-vitro LV flexible bag ...
Giuffrida Angelo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Partial left ventriculectomy (PLV) (also known as Batista's Procedure) is a surgical procedure for treatment of dilated cardiomyopathy when cardiac transplant is contraindicated. Mitral valve replacement is needed because of mitral regurgitation as a consequence of annulus enlargement and papillary muscle resection. Bleeding and arrythmias are the main complications. ...
Azakie Anthony - - 2003
BACKGROUND: To determine the early and late outcomes of patients presenting with anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery who had repair by aortic reimplantation. METHODS: From January 1952 to July 2000, 67 patients presented with anomalous coronary artery from the pulmonary artery. Forty-seven patients who had repairs performed ...
Isomura Tadashi - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Association of mitral regurgitation (MR) with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) increases the degree of heart failure and its surgical management remains controversial. The aim of this study was to report the surgical results in patients with or without MR in association with ICM. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety-two patients with ischemic ...
Dekker André L A J - - 2003
Acute mitral regurgitation (MR) is present in 10% of patients presenting with cardiogenic shock. To stabilize these patients, intra-aortic balloon pumping (IABP) is recommended, but the mechanism of IABP support in these patients is unknown. This animal study was designed to describe the hemodynamic effect of intra-aortic balloon pumping during ...
Grasby D C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare three grading systems previously described for the measurement of cerebral ventricular dilatation in preterm neonates using ultrasound scans and then to compare these with expert clinical judgement. METHODS: Eighty-one preterm neonates <1500 g birthweight or < 32 weeks' gestation, with normal, mild, moderate or severely dilated ventricles ...
Szalay Zoltan A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Mitral regurgitation is a frequent finding in patients with end-stage cardiomyopathy predicting poor survival. Conventional treatment consists medical treatment or cardiac transplantation. However, despite severely decreased left ventricular function, mitral annuloplasty may improve survival and reduce the need for allografts. METHODS: From January 1996 to July 2002, 121 patients ...
Hayashi Motonori - - 2003
Though acute rheumatic fever (RF) is now rare in Japan, it continues to be an important disease condition that physicians should be prepared to diagnose and treat. We describe a patient with acute RF accompanied by transient aortic regurgitation (AR). The AR was detected only by echocardiography. There were no ...
Hvass Ulrik - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In patients with ischemic left ventricular dysfunction (LVD) and functional mitral regurgitation (FMR), restoring a more normal alignment between mitral annulus and laterally displaced papillary muscles (PM) may be beneficial in terms of mitral repair and regional dynamics. METHODS: Ten patients, 29 to 78 years old, with an ejection ...
Hamner Chad E - - 2003
The surgical approach to ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) remains a topic of considerable controversy. Will coronary artery bypass alone suffice, or should the valve be intervened upon? The poor late survival of patients with IMR is well recognized, but it remains unknown if this can be altered by addressing the ...
Timek Tomasz A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Acute posterolateral left ventricular ischemia in sheep results in ischemic mitral regurgitation, but the effects of ischemia in other left ventricular regions on ischemic mitral regurgitation is unknown. METHODS: Six adult sheep had radiopaque markers placed on the left ventricle, mitral annulus, and anterior and posterior mitral leaflets at ...
Zingone Bartolo - - 2003
The need of alternatives to transplantation has lead to routinely reconsidering conventional surgery for selected patients with advanced heart failure. Although the recovery of ventricular contractility with revascularization sometimes restores ventricular function almost to normality while dramatically enhancing the quality of life, only a few patients with ischemic left ventricular ...
Keeffe B G - - 2003
Mitral regurgitation is a common finding on echocardiography, seen to some degree in over 3/4 of the population. Pathologic mitral regurgitation is a common hospital diagnosis, but the percent of patients with mitral valve disease who ever require surgical correction is very small. There are many etiologies of mitral regurgitation, ...
Dagdelen Sinan - - 2003
It is well known that papillary muscle dysfunction may cause mitral regurgitation, however, there is not a standard technique to measure the papillary muscle function. The aim of this study is to investigate papillary muscle function by using tissue and strain rate Doppler echocardiography. METHOD: A study group (SG) of ...
Block Peter C - - 2003
Mitral regurgitation (MR) associated with, ischemic, and degenerative (prolapse) disease, contributes to left ventricular (LV) dysfunction due to remodeling, and LV dilation, resulting in worsening of MR. Mitral valve (MV) surgical repair has provided improvement in survival, LV function and symptoms, especially when performed early. Surgical repair is complex, due ...
Ammer Marcus - - 2003
We report the case of a 50-year-old man in whom a supracristal ventricular septal defect led to aortic regurgitation and, thus, to consecutive sterile perforation of the anterior mitral leaflet, culminating in the development of severe systolic and diastolic mitral regurgitation. Aortic regurgitation as a result of valve prolapse caused ...
Kittleson Mark D - - 2003
Previous studies have demonstrated that regurgitant fraction can be measured by using the proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) method. For this study, we utilized this Doppler echocardiographic method to estimate the magnitude of mitral regurgitation in dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease. Seventeen older, small dogs with chronic mitral regurgitation ...
Kumanohoso Toshiro - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The mechanism of higher incidence of ischemic mitral regurgitation in patients with inferior compared with anterior myocardial infarction despite less global left ventricular remodeling and dysfunction is controversial. We hypothesized that inferior myocardial infarction causes left ventricular remodeling, which displaces posterior papillary muscle away from its normal position, leading ...
Gatti Giuseppe - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Unfortunately, mitral valve surgery for mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients with advanced dilated cardiomyopathy is generally associated with a high operative risk and a poor outcome. Some authors believe that only heart transplantation is the really effective surgical treatment. We analyzed our clinical and echocardiographic results after mitral repair ...
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