Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1073
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Bonacchi Massimo - - 2006
Mitral valve regurgitation (MVR), occurring as a result of myocardial ischemia and global left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, predicts a poor outcome in terms of survival and morbidity. Between 1995 and 2003, 180 consecutive patients with impaired LV function and chronic ischemic MVR underwent cardiac surgery. Fifty-four patients (group I), MVR ...
Hauptman Paul J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Quality of life is increasingly used as an important end point in clinical trials of treatments for heart failure; thus, relationships between traditional clinical variables and quality of life need to be understood. Baseline data from an ongoing multi-institutional study of a surgically implanted cardiac support device (CorCap, Acorn ...
Amiya Eisuke - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The goal of the present study was to identify predictors of event-free survival in nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM) patients after administration of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI)/angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) and beta-blockers. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study group comprised 78 consecutive patients with NIDCM between 1997 and 2002. NIDCM was ...
Mishra Yugal K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Untreated functional ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) leads to reduced survival in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, mitral repair or replacement increases mortality and morbidity over CABG alone. The Myocor Coapsys annuloplasty system potentially reduces these risks by facilitating MR reduction on a beating heart without atriotomy. ...
Nicolini Francesco - - 2006
The aim of this study was to examine perioperative mortality and morbidity and midterm results in patients undergoing coronary bypass graft and mitral valve annuloplasty with advanced dilated cardiomyopathy. Sixty-one patients with ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy underwent coronary artery bypass grafting and mitral valve annuloplasty between January 1998 and December 2003. ...
Gürbüz Ali - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mitral valve intervention combined with coronary artery bypass surgery is inevitable in the case of severe mitral regurgitation in patients with coronary artery disease because the prognosis is poor without mitral correction. The best treatment protocol for patients with a moderate degree of mitral regurgitation is under debate. To ...
Filsoufi Farzan - - 2006
Ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) can complicate severe coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction. Ischemic MR results from left ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction and can also accompany acute myocardial ischemia. The most common mechanism of ischemic MR is Carpentier's type IIIb dysfunction due to an apical and lateral displacement of ...
Gorman Joseph H JH - - 2006
Five million Americans suffer from heart failure. Despite innovative new pharmacologic and device therapy, the 5-year mortality rate for these patients remains near 50%. Conservatively, 300,000 patients with heart failure also have severe functional mitral regurgitation. Over the past decade the surgical approach to these patients has become more aggressive ...
Cioffi Giovanni - - 2005
Mitral regurgitation (MR) has been demonstrated to be a powerful predictor of adverse outcome in middle-aged patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). In this study, we sought to define the prognostic impact of functional mitral regurgitation in a population of elderly patients with systolic CHF. One hundred seventy-five outpatients aged ...
Erro M E - - 2005
Although there are several clinico-topographical studies of pontine infarcts, few include vascular studies. To clarify the etiopathogenic mechanisms of pontine infarcts we analyzed the vascular findings and their association with MRI lesions. The clinical features and vascular findings on transcranial Doppler (TCD) or MR angiography (MRA) of 67 patients with ...
Bureau St?phane - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors associated with long-term survival in dogs treated surgically for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). DESIGN: Retrospective case series. Animals-52 dogs treated surgically for left-to-right shunting PDA. PROCEDURE: Data pertaining to age, breed, sex, body weight, clinical examination findings, type and duration of medical treatment, results of thoracic ...
Pawelec-Wojtalik Małgorzata - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Since the Membr VSD occluders have been introduced into clinical practice it is now possible to compare two treatment methods -- surgical and percutaneous. AIM: Assessment of the effectiveness and risk of complications in patients with perimembranous ventricular septal defect (VSD) treated with the Membr VSD occluder or surgery ...
Hillis Graham S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There are limited data regarding the clinical correlates and prognostic significance of echocardiographically defined mitral regurgitation (MR) early after acute myocardial infarction (MI). The current study addressed these issues. METHODS: Seven hundred thirty-seven patients with acute MI who underwent transthoracic echocardiography with assessment of MR during their index admission ...
Muthurangu Vivek - - 2005
BACKGROUND: After the Norwood operation, a patient's suitability for proceeding to a bidirectional cavopulmonary connection (BCPC) is assessed by a combination of echocardiography and diagnostic cardiac catheterization. In this study, we describe the results of 37 patients who underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance (MR) assessment before BCPC. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cardiovascular ...
Grigioni Francesco - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Chronic heart failure (CHF) patients with intermediate cardiopulmonary capacity referred for heart transplantation are at "medium risk," and are not amenable to further stratification based solely on peak VO(2.) Accordingly, we analyzed whether time-related and/or non-time-related parameters could provide incremental prognostic information in CHF patients with intermediate cardiopulmonary capacity. ...
Buhl Rikke - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence and development of valvular regurgitation and its effect on racing performance in Standardbred trotters from 2 to 3.5 years of age. DESIGN: Longitudinal observational study. ANIMALS: 103 horses. PROCEDURE: Horses were examined via echocardiographic imaging 4 times at 6-month intervals. Two-dimensional and M-mode echocardiographic examinations ...
Kawaguchi Akira T - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: An international registry of left ventricular volume reduction (LVVR) procedures, including partial left ventriculectomy, has been expanded, updated, and refined to include 568 cases voluntarily reported from 52 hospitals in 12 countries. RESULTS: Gender, age, ventricular dimension, ethnology, myocardial mass, presence or absence of mitral regurgitation, as ...
Grossi Eugene A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Functional ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) frequently arises after myocardial infarction; it is characterized by annular enlargement or lateral displacement of the subvalvular apparatus. Coapsys is a ventricular-annular remodeling device designed to treat functional ischemic MR; it does not require cardiopulmonary bypass. Initial intraoperative results of the RESTOR-MV randomized clinical ...
Chikada Masahide - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The measurement of aortic regurgitant and mitral regurgitant orifice areas has recently been pioneered. The present study tried to establish Gorlin formulas for aortic regurgitant and mitral regurgitant orifice areas for evaluating the severity of aortic regurgitation and mitral regurgitation. METHODS: Seventeen stable hemodynamic states for mitral ...
Yuko-Jowi C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe the echocardiographic features of children with rheumatic heart disease seen at the Kenyatta National Hospital. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: The Kenyatta National Hospital Heart Unit. SUBJECTS: Patients aged 20 years and less with echocardiographic diagnosis of rheumatic heart disease. RESULTS: Two hundred and twenty four echocardiograms ...
Kohli Vijay - - 2005
Ischemic mitral regurgitation contributes to poor survival in patients with heart failure. The intermediate-term outcome of mitral reconstruction in 15 patients who had ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy with mitral regurgitation requiring surgical intervention was studied. They underwent mitral valve repair along with coronary artery bypass surgery. The mitral valve coaptation depth ...
Gillinov A Marc - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) is associated with poor survival and degenerative MR with excellent survival. We hypothesized that in some patients with degenerative MR requiring concomitant coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), ischemic disease would dominate prognosis, resulting in survival as poor as in patients with ischemic MR. Thus, we ...
Popović Zoran B - - 2005
We compared the impact of annulus size and valve deformation (tethering) on mitral regurgitation in the animal dilated cardiomyopathy model, and assessed if acute left ventricular volume changes affect mitral annulus dimensions. We performed 3-dimensional echocardiography in 30 open-chest dogs with pacing-induced cardiomyopathy. Mitral annulus area was calculated from its ...
Hernández-García José M JM Unidad del Corazón, Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Victoria, Málaga, - - 2005
Aorto-left atrial fistulas are rare. We describe the case of a patient in whom transcatheter closure of an aorto-left atrial fistula was carried out using an Amplatzer septal occluder. The patient had previously undergone cardiac surgery twice because of a recurrent left atrial myxoma. Closure of this type of fistula ...
Schroder Jacob N - - 2005
BACKGROUND: It is unclear if mild or moderate mitral valve regurgitation (MR) should be repaired at the time of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We sought to determine the long-term effect of uncorrected MR, measured by intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), in CABG patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between May 1999 and ...
De Bonis Michele - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the results of mitral valve (MV) repair in functional mitral regurgitation because of end-stage dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-seven patients with end-stage idiopathic (26 patients) or ischemic (51 patients) DCM underwent MV repair for functional mitral regurgitation (3 to ...
Wong Daniel R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We sought to characterize patient survival and degree of late mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients undergoing surgical revascularization with moderate ischemic MR. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 251 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery between 1991 and 2001 with 3+ ischemic MR, including 31 patients who had concomitant ...
Yokusoglu Mehmet - - 2005
The shape of the left ventricle is an important echocardiographic feature of left ventricular dysfunction. Progression of the mitral regurgitation and consequent left ventricular remodeling is unpredictable in heart failure. Elongation index is an index of left ventricular sphericity. The surface area of the elongated ventricle is larger than that ...
Coletta Claudio - - 2006
AIM: We sought to assess the reliability of some basic echocardiographic data obtained by trained sonographers using a hand-held ultrasound device. METHODS: One hundred and twelve consecutive patients (mean age 61, 64 males) referred for in-hospital or ambulatory routine echocardiography were considered. All patients underwent two-dimensional and colour Doppler examination ...
Sampaio Roney O - - 2005
The effects of 12 months of therapy were evaluated in 47 mildly symptomatic patients with moderate to severe mitral valve regurgitation; 26 patients received enalapril and 21 received a placebo. Enalapril was associated with a significant reduction in left ventricular diameter and mitral regurgitation volume, with no evidence of change ...
Joudinaud Thomas M - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Appropriate experimental models are needed to study the mechanisms underlying left ventricular (LV) remodeling and functional ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR). Herein is described an original percutaneous method for inducing a well-defined posterolateral infarct and significant IMR. METHODS: Under videofluoroscopic guidance, the second (OM2) and ...
Watanabe Nozomi - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Saddle-shaped non-planarity of the mitral annulus has been investigated previously. The study aim was to further clarify the configuration of the mitral annulus in ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) by using transthoracic real-time three-dimensional (3-D) echocardiography. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with previous myocardial infarction and left ...
Srichai Monvadi B - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Mitral regurgitation (MR) is a common complication of ischemic heart disease, and its presence portends adverse outcomes. As the exact mechanisms of ischemic MR are not well defined, we characterized left ventricular global geometry, regional function, and regional myocardial scarring, in addition to mitral valve apparatus geometry, using magnetic ...
Kim Yong-Hwan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In this study we compared the surgical management of ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) by revascularization alone and by revascularization combined with mitral valve repair. METHODS: We studied 355 patients who underwent revascularization alone (n = 168) or revascularization combined with mitral valve repair (n = 187) for IMR from ...
McGinley Joseph C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Alterations in transmitral pressure, valve structure, subvalvular geometry, and abnormal myocardial function have all been implicated in the pathophysiology of functional/progressive mitral valve regurgitation (MR). In this study, we hypothesized that a relatively small structural lesion to the mitral valve apparatus predisposes to severe MR in the setting of ...
Mansuro?lu Denyan - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of paraprosthetic regurgitation of mitral mechanical valves to myocardial tissue and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level. METHODS: We compared 19 patients (study group) who had mitral mechanical valve with severe mitral paravalvular regurgitation with 20 patients (control group) ...
Braun Jerry - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Ischemic mitral regurgitation can be treated with a restrictive mitral annuloplasty, with or without coronary revascularization. In this study, the extent of reverse remodeling of the left ventricle following this strategy is assessed, as well as the factors that influence it. METHODS: Eighty-seven consecutive patients with ischemic mitral regurgitation ...
Olkowski A A - - 2005
This study reports novel insight into the aetiology of pulmonary hypertension and ascites in broiler chickens. The scope of measurements was focused on anatomical and functional parameters, and blood flow patterns in leghorns (resistant to ascites), fast-growing broilers (susceptible to ascites), broilers developing ascites, and ascitic broilers evaluated in vivo ...
Bando Ko - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the impact of preoperative or postoperative atrial fibrillation on survival, stroke, and cardiac function after mitral valvuloplasty for mitral regurgitation. METHODS: Between 1991 and 2003, 1026 patients with nonischemic/noncardiomyopathy mitral valve regurgitation underwent mitral valve plasty in 3 centers; 663 patients remained in sinus rhythm ...
Glower Donald D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Ischemic mitral regurgitation has been associated with diminished survival compared with nonischemic mitral regurgitation. Conversion from mitral valve replacement to valve repair has improved prognosis, but it is unclear whether ischemic mitral regurgitation remains an independent predictor of outcome after mitral valve repair. METHODS: Five hundred thirty-five patients undergoing ...
Vijayalakshmi I B - - 2005
The objectives of this article are to determine the possible mechanism of functional mitral regurgitation in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and to know the effect of ramipril on left ventricle (LV) and mitral regurgitation by ECHO. Several postulates are put forth for functional mitral regurgitation in DCM, and mitral ...
Meijboom Lilian J - - 2005
Left ventricular dimensions and systolic function were studied using echocardiography in 234 patients with Marfan's syndrome without significant valvular regurgitation. Left ventricular dimensions and systolic function were found to be normal in most patients with Marfan's syndrome. Some involvement of the left ventricle may have been present in a small ...
Enriquez-Sarano Maurice - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The clinical outcome of asymptomatic mitral regurgitation is poorly defined, and the treatment is uncertain. We studied the effect on the outcome of quantifying mitral regurgitation according to recent guidelines. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 456 patients (mean [+/-SD] age, 63+/-14 years; 63 percent men; ejection fraction, 70+/-8 percent) with ...
Nakamura Tomohiro - - 2005
A 68-year-old man with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy developed recurrent cardiogenic shock due to dynamic mitral regurgitation. The pressure gradient in the left ventricular outflow tract under medication was 30 mmHg, and he complained of no symptom. He developed shock with dyspnea suddenly after bathing and defecation. Echocardiography and left ventriculography ...
Kasliwal Ravi R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Complex anatomy of intra-cardiac structures requires spatial orientation of image in three dimensions for better understanding and enhanced image interpretation. We evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of the emerging 'real-time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography' technique for comprehensive assessment of cardiac anatomy, physiology, pathomorphology and pathophysiology in patients with structural heart ...
Filsoufi Farzan - - 2005
Severe coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction can be complicated by ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR). IMR results from left ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction and in rare instances can accompany acute ischemia. A better understanding of the pathophysiology of IMR and increased awareness of its negative impact on long-term survival ...
Botkin Naomi F - - 2005
Routine physical examination and noninvasive imaging frequently lead to the diagnosis of valvular heart disease in asymptomatic patients. The decision to proceed to surgical repair or replacement is based on an informed evaluation of the risks of surgery versus those encountered with a nonoperative course. In determining whether symptoms are ...
Hansson Kerstin - - 2005
The vertebral heart size (VHS) method by Buchanan is based on anatomic landmarks. A potential source of variation among observers is differences in the selection of measurement points. The objective was to test variability between observers with different levels of training in thoracic radiology and small animal clinical practice. Fifty ...
Enomoto Yoshiharu - - 2005
Surgical treatment for ischemic mitral regurgitation has become more aggressive. However, no clinical study has demonstrated that surgical correction of chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation improves survival. We used 4 well-developed ovine models of postinfarction left ventricular remodeling to test the hypothesis that ischemic mitral regurgitation does not significantly contribute to ...
Enomoto Yoshiharu - - 2005
Early infarct expansion initiates adverse remodeling, leads to left ventricular dilatation and portends a poor long-term outcome. Early mechanical prevention of infarct expansion has been proposed as a method to improve remodeling, but the extent of ventricular restraint necessary to optimize the salutary effect is not known. We tested the ...
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