Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1085
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Ghez Olivier - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary regurgitation after tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) repair is associated with right ventricular dilatation, failure and arrhythmia. Timing and technique for re-intervention remain controversial. METHODS: Our recent approach is to reconstruct the dilated right ventricle outflow tract (RVOT) as a fibro-muscular sleeve to support a pulmonary homograft valve conduit ...
Amigoni Maria - - 2007
AIMS: Mitral regurgitation (MR) confers independent risk in patients with acute myocardial infarction. We utilized data from the VALsartan In Acute myocardial iNfarcTion echo study to relate baseline MR to left ventricular (LV) size, shape, and function, and to assess the relationship between baseline MR and progression of MR and ...
Lee Raymond - - 2007
The management of asymptomatic severe mitral regurgitation is showing an increasing trend towards early surgery. However, in situations where either the valve or the patient is not optimal for surgery, watchful waiting remains a reasonable policy. In this situation, the longstanding challenge of assessing left ventricular function in the setting ...
Radauskaite Greta - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Durability of mitral valve repair for ischemic mitral regurgitation remains questionable. The aim of our study was to reveal predictors of recurrent mitral regurgitation following ischemic mitral valve repair. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 136 patients with ischemic heart disease and ischemic mitral regurgitation. Mitral valve ...
Magnoni Marco - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A 67-year-old man was admitted to a coronary care unit for non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction with complicating acute heart failure. Severe mitral regurgitation was detected by echocardiography at presentation. Repeat echocardiography carried out during another ischemic episode revealed a marked reduction in the patient's mitral regurgitation that was related ...
Buhl Rikke - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate by echo- and electrocardiography the cardiac effects of sedation with detomidine hydrochloride, romifidine hydrochloride or acepromazine maleate in horses. STUDY DESIGN: An experimental study using a cross-over design without randomization. ANIMALS: Eight clinically normal Standardbred trotters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Echocardiographic examinations (two-dimensional, guided M-mode and colour Doppler) ...
Alfieri Ottavio - - 2007
Mitral valve repair is by far the most common operation for degenerative mitral regurgitation. If the procedure is performed before left ventricular dysfunction occurs and atrial fibrillation develops, the operative risk is very low and life expectancy is super imposable to that of the sex- and age-matched population. Despite these ...
Klatsky Arthur L - - 2007
The heart failure syndrome (HF) has diverse etiologies. In a 22-year study of predictors of HF in 126,235 persons, we attempted to identify etiologic factors independent of associated coronary heart disease (CAD) in 2594 persons hospitalized for the condition. For this purpose, subjects were stratified according to whether CAD was ...
Saleh Hussein K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern of rheumatic heart disease in Aden city and surrounding areas by assessing its frequency distribution, severity and complications. METHODS: We conducted this research in a sole regional echocardiographic department for Southern Yemen governorates at a referral hospital located in Aden city, from January 1999 to ...
Schaff Hartzell V - - 2007
There has been great progress during the past decade in management of patients with mitral regurgitation. Doppler echocardiography allows accurate quantification of the degree of valve leakage and tracking of the effect of regurgitation on cardiac size and function. Natural history studies have clearly delineated the deleterious effects of severe, ...
Ennezat P V - - 2006
Functional mitral regurgitation (MR) frequently develops during the progression of chronic heart failure and predicts poor outcome. Impaired left ventricular (LV) function, LV remodeling associated with papillary muscle apical displacement and annular enlargement result in decreased mitral closing forces and tenting of the mitral valve at closure. Reduced closing forces ...
Sparrow Patrick - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify diffuse myocardial fibrosis secondary to chronic aortic regurgitation by comparing the T1 relaxation times of left ventricular myocardium in a pilot patient group with a previously established normal range of times. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Eight patients with chronic aortic regurgitation and ...
Varadarajan Padmini - - 2006
Mitral regurgitation (MR) is common in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) and has adverse effects on prognosis. In view of the altered hemodynamics in CHF, we examined the accuracy of auscultation for its detection in CHF with reduced systolic function. We examined 370 patients on stable heart failure therapy ...
Evangelista Artur - - 2006
Vasodilator therapy is designed to reduce regurgitant volume and improve left ventricular function. Acute administration reduces vascular resistance and decreases regurgitant volume and left ventricular filling pressure. These effects may be clinically useful in acute regurgitations, but less consistent results have been reported in long-term therapy. In chronic mitral functional ...
Barletta Giuseppe - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We sought to analyze the characteristics of local left ventricular deformation related to functional mitral regurgitation (MR) in post-anterior myocardial infarction scar, and to evaluate how local remodeling contributes to late development of MR after surgical ventricular reconstruction by endoventricular circular patch plasty repair. METHODS: Two hundred twenty-one consecutive ...
Bautista-Hernandez Victor - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Early results for anatomic repair of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries are excellent with respect to right ventricular and tricuspid valve function. However, development of left ventricular (systemic ventricle) dysfunction late after repair remains a concern. In this study we sought to determine factors leading to late ...
Honjo Osami - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the discrepancy between intraoperative transesophageal and postoperative transthoracic echocardiography in assessing residual regurgitation in children undergoing valve repair. METHODS: Forty-two consecutive children (median age, 5.1 years) who underwent valve repair for valvar regurgitation from 2001 to 2004 were retrospectively analyzed. The ...
Aronson Doron - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The development of ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) after myocardial infarction may impose hemodynamic load during a period of active left ventricular remodeling and promote heart failure (HF). However, few data are available on the relationship between ischemic MR and the long-term risk for HF. METHODS: We prospectively studied 1190 ...
Roman Kevin S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Left atrioventricular valve pericardial patch may prevent valve replacement. We assessed patch annular dynamics compared with conventional repair and normal annuli. METHODS: Transesophageal 3-dimensional echocardiography was acquired preoperatively and postoperatively in atrioventricular septal defects (n = 10, 5 patch, 5 conventional repair). Real-time 3-dimensional annular motion at midterm was ...
Paparella Domenico - - 2006
Ischemic mitral valve regurgitation often complicates acute myocardial infarction and also represents a negative prognostic factor for long-term survival in patients undergoing surgical myocardial revascularization. While severe mitral regurgitation should always be corrected during a coronary artery bypass operation, the decision making is more difficult in patients with a mild-to-moderate ...
Katsouras Christos S - - 2006
We describe herein the case of a 49-year-old female patient with pulmonary sarcoidosis (stage II) with cardiac manifestation. This consisted of systolic dysfunction without dilatation of the left ventricle and severe mitral insufficiency, possibly due to thinning of the posteromedial left ventricular free wall, based on our echocardiographic observations.
Pemberton James - - 2006
Real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography is increasingly used in clinical cardiology. Studies have been shown that this technique can be accurately used to assess both cardiac mass and chamber volumes. We review the work showing that real-time 3-dimensional Doppler echocardiography can be used to accurately calculate intracardiac flow volumes that can potentially ...
Hutyra Martin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Rupture of a papillary muscle is an infrequent but often fatal mechanical complication of acute myocardial infarction. AIM: The aim of this paper is to present a case report of a 65-year old women with acute severe mitral regurgitation with cardiogenic shock caused by two-step complete anterior papillary muscle ...
Cattaneo Paolo - - 2007
Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy is an enigmatic syndrome characterized by chest pain, transient left ventricular dysfunction and specific electrocardiographic changes induced by physical or emotional stress. We describe the first case of this syndrome associated with acute mitral regurgitation due to bacterial endocarditis: the reversible ventricular dysfunction might have been induced by ...
Chandavimol Mann - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the proportion of patients with cardiomyopathy and mitral regurgitation of higher degree followed at tertiary care clinic who improve left ventricular function and or reduce mitral regurgitation grade. To determine clinical and echocardiographic predictors of improvement or deterioration. PATIENTS COHORT: Patients with cardiomyopathy and heart failure ...
Grothoff M - - 2006
AIMS: QRS prolongation is a negative prognostic factor for the development of ventricular arrhythmia after repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). In this MRI study, we performed a multivariate analysis to determine the influence of volumetric and functional parameters as well as time factors on QRS duration. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Sartipy Ulrik - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Surgical ventricular restoration is an option in patients with coronary artery disease, heart failure, postinfarction left ventricular aneurysm or ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy with or without ventricular tachycardia. The aims of this study were to investigate survival and re-admission for heart failure and to identify predictors for early and long-term ...
Perez de Isla Leopoldo - - 2006
AIMS: The development of mitral regurgitation (MR) after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a recognized and frequent complication and its negative impact on survival has been observed. However, few data exist regarding MR after non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTSEACS). Our aim was to investigate the incidence, clinical predictors, ...
Suma Hisayoshi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Eight-year experience with the septal anterior ventricular exclusion procedure for congestive heart failure due to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy was evaluated. METHODS: In 36 patients (27 men and 9 women with a mean age of 60 years) with heart failure; New York Heart Association class III/IV (21/15); and mitral regurgitation ...
Peteiro Jesús - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although mitral regurgitation (MR) may be assessed during exercise echocardiography (EE) there are no data regarding its value for predicting outcome in large series of patients. We sought to determine whether the predictive value of EE is maintained over clinical variables and resting echocardiography when the latter included information ...
De Simone R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between LV geometry, annular shape and the amount of regurgitation in patients with ischemic mitral regurgitation (group 1, n = 30) compared to patients with primary mitral valve lesions (group 2, n = 30). METHODS: LV geometry was assessed ...
Razzolini, Renato; Clinica Cardiologica, ...
Effective arterial elastance (Ea) is the coupling parameter between the left ventricle and peripheral circulation in normal subjects. If left ventricular end systolic pressure (Pes), contractility (Es) and Ea are known, left ventricular end diastolic volume (LVEDV) and ejection fraction of the ventricle are completely determined. The aim of this ...
Hori Hidetsugu - - 2006
We describe two patients who successfully underwent a surgically created double-orifice repair using the edge-to-edge repair for residual left atrioventricular valve (LAVV) regurgitation in an atrioventricular septal defects (AVSD). Both patients had previously received patch closure of the AVSD and partial closure of a cleft of the LAVV. Preoperatively, echocardiography ...
Karvounis Haralambos I - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Functional mitral valve regurgitation attenuation after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with severe heart failure has been attributed to both the increased rate of left ventricular systolic pressure increase and to papillary muscle (PM) recoordinated contraction. We hypothesized that an increase in systolic deformation of the PMs or ...
Song Jong-Min - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We sought to elucidate the geometric determinants of ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) in patients with chronic anterior myocardial infarction (MI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 16 patients with anterior MI only (Group A) and 18 patients with both anterior and inferoposterior MI (Group B), three parallel equidistant anteroposterior (AP) planes ...
Eichinger Walter B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this clinical study was to obtain further evidence of the underlying mechanism causing the echocardiographically detected phenomenon of single beat regurgitation in a new bileaflet heart valve. As part of a prospective multicenter trial at our institution, 63 patients received the Advantage bileaflet mechanical heart valve ...
Duffy Stephen J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: While functional mitral regurgitation (MR) commonly accompanies heart failure and contributes to heart failure progression, mitral repair in the setting of HF is not routinely practiced because of the attendant significant morbidity and mortality. This limitation has fostered the development of percutaneous devices to reduce MR, and our group ...
Grossi Eugene A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mild and moderate functional ischemic mitral insufficiency present at the time of surgical revascularization present clinical uncertainty. It is unclear whether the relatively poor outcomes in this cohort are dependent on valvular function or related to left ventricular dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to examine the early ...
Spoor Martinus T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Surgical intervention is playing an increasingly important therapeutic role in congestive heart failure (CHF) patients with ischemia and dilated cardiomyopathy. Their mitral regurgitation (MR) is a result of left ventricular (LV) geometrical distortion. The optimal type of ring for CHF patients with geometric ventricular-based MR is unknown. This study ...
Ruel Marc - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Concomitant functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) is frequently not corrected because it may improve after AVR; however, data supporting this assumption are sparse. We ascertained the impact of clinical and echocardiographic parameters on the outcome of patients with or without concomitant FMR at ...
Pino Paolo G - - 2006
Mitral regurgitation commonly occurs in patients with heart failure. Systolic dysfunction is the hallmark of dilated cardiomyopathy. Mitral functional regurgitation is mitral incompetence in the absence of intrinsic lesions of the mitral valve apparatus. Echocardiography can make a major contribution to the diagnosis of cardiomyopathies. A more careful anatomic and ...
Nakamura Koki - - 2006
A 27-year-old man who was diagnosed with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) underwent the total right ventricular (RV) exclusion procedure: the RV free wall was resected and an extracardiac total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) was created using a 24-mm-diameter polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) graft. After an uneventful period of 7 years, he began ...
Sirivella Srikrishna - - 2006
The impact of etiology of associated mitral valve regurgitation and a valve procedure on operative and long-term outcomes after coronary bypass grafting surgery is yet to be clearly defined. Results of combined coronary artery bypass grafting and valve procedures for mitral valve regurgitation were retrospectively analyzed in 468 patients. The ...
Mallidi Hari R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A 77-year-old man presented with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure and cardiogenic shock. In the coronary care unit, the patient was initially stabilized by diuresis and afterload reduction. Six months previously he had experienced an episode of severe dyspnea, orthopnea and chest heaviness. INVESTIGATIONS: Echocardiography and coronary ...
Kasegawa Hitoshi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study was a long-term Doppler echocardiographic assessment of mitral valve repair for anterior mitral leaflet prolapse using expanded polytetrafluoroethylene sutures. METHODS: Between April 1992 and December 2003, we performed mitral valve repair using expanded polytetrafluoroethylene sutures in 204 patients (mean age, 54.6 years) with severe mitral regurgitation (MR) ...
Pu Min - - 2006
Management of severe chronic mitral regurgitation (MR) in severe heart failure is challenging. There are controversies over the efficacy of surgical correction of MR in the presence of severely depressed left ventricular (LV) function. The etiology of MR plays an important role in clinical decision making. In organic MR, surgical ...
Grossi E A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Functional mitral regurgitation is associated with both annular and ventricular distortion. Aggressive reduction annuloplasty for functional mitral regurgitation acts primarily at the annulus, with variable impact on the left ventricle. The Coapsys device externally reshapes the left ventricle to correct functional mitral regurgitation. Left ventricular reshaping was analyzed in ...
Koch Arjun D - - 2006
Two patients recently underwent successful repeat left ventricular anterior aneurysmectomies at our institution. Both patients had undergone a linear repair at first operation. Over time severe heart failure relapsed and echocardiography revealed the recurrence of a voluminous antero-septo-apical aneurysm in both cases, associated with severe mitral regurgitation. Because of still ...
Tanaka Hidekazu - - 2006
A 65-year-old female was admitted to our hospital because of dyspnea. Laboratory examinations revealed hypereosinophilia at a local hospital. Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography showed normal left ventricular dimension and function. The left ventricular apex was obliterated and the posterior and lateral walls were thickened by an abnormal mass. The posterior ...
Di Donato Marisa - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Anterior myocardial infarction leads a sequence of structural changes that alter the size and the shape of the left ventricle. Efforts to assess shape have been made by global left ventricular (LV) chamber analysis (sphericity index, SI) but this analysis does not detect regional shape abnormalities like those at ...
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