Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1063
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Cattaneo Paolo - - 2007
Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy is an enigmatic syndrome characterized by chest pain, transient left ventricular dysfunction and specific electrocardiographic changes induced by physical or emotional stress. We describe the first case of this syndrome associated with acute mitral regurgitation due to bacterial endocarditis: the reversible ventricular dysfunction might have been induced by ...
Chandavimol Mann - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the proportion of patients with cardiomyopathy and mitral regurgitation of higher degree followed at tertiary care clinic who improve left ventricular function and or reduce mitral regurgitation grade. To determine clinical and echocardiographic predictors of improvement or deterioration. PATIENTS COHORT: Patients with cardiomyopathy and heart failure ...
Grothoff M - - 2006
AIMS: QRS prolongation is a negative prognostic factor for the development of ventricular arrhythmia after repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). In this MRI study, we performed a multivariate analysis to determine the influence of volumetric and functional parameters as well as time factors on QRS duration. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Sartipy Ulrik - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Surgical ventricular restoration is an option in patients with coronary artery disease, heart failure, postinfarction left ventricular aneurysm or ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy with or without ventricular tachycardia. The aims of this study were to investigate survival and re-admission for heart failure and to identify predictors for early and long-term ...
Perez de Isla Leopoldo - - 2006
AIMS: The development of mitral regurgitation (MR) after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a recognized and frequent complication and its negative impact on survival has been observed. However, few data exist regarding MR after non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTSEACS). Our aim was to investigate the incidence, clinical predictors, ...
Suma Hisayoshi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Eight-year experience with the septal anterior ventricular exclusion procedure for congestive heart failure due to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy was evaluated. METHODS: In 36 patients (27 men and 9 women with a mean age of 60 years) with heart failure; New York Heart Association class III/IV (21/15); and mitral regurgitation ...
Peteiro Jesús - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although mitral regurgitation (MR) may be assessed during exercise echocardiography (EE) there are no data regarding its value for predicting outcome in large series of patients. We sought to determine whether the predictive value of EE is maintained over clinical variables and resting echocardiography when the latter included information ...
De Simone R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between LV geometry, annular shape and the amount of regurgitation in patients with ischemic mitral regurgitation (group 1, n = 30) compared to patients with primary mitral valve lesions (group 2, n = 30). METHODS: LV geometry was assessed ...
Razzolini, Renato; Clinica Cardiologica, ...
Effective arterial elastance (Ea) is the coupling parameter between the left ventricle and peripheral circulation in normal subjects. If left ventricular end systolic pressure (Pes), contractility (Es) and Ea are known, left ventricular end diastolic volume (LVEDV) and ejection fraction of the ventricle are completely determined. The aim of this ...
Hori Hidetsugu - - 2006
We describe two patients who successfully underwent a surgically created double-orifice repair using the edge-to-edge repair for residual left atrioventricular valve (LAVV) regurgitation in an atrioventricular septal defects (AVSD). Both patients had previously received patch closure of the AVSD and partial closure of a cleft of the LAVV. Preoperatively, echocardiography ...
Karvounis Haralambos I - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Functional mitral valve regurgitation attenuation after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with severe heart failure has been attributed to both the increased rate of left ventricular systolic pressure increase and to papillary muscle (PM) recoordinated contraction. We hypothesized that an increase in systolic deformation of the PMs or ...
Song Jong-Min - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We sought to elucidate the geometric determinants of ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) in patients with chronic anterior myocardial infarction (MI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 16 patients with anterior MI only (Group A) and 18 patients with both anterior and inferoposterior MI (Group B), three parallel equidistant anteroposterior (AP) planes ...
Eichinger Walter B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this clinical study was to obtain further evidence of the underlying mechanism causing the echocardiographically detected phenomenon of single beat regurgitation in a new bileaflet heart valve. As part of a prospective multicenter trial at our institution, 63 patients received the Advantage bileaflet mechanical heart valve ...
Duffy Stephen J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: While functional mitral regurgitation (MR) commonly accompanies heart failure and contributes to heart failure progression, mitral repair in the setting of HF is not routinely practiced because of the attendant significant morbidity and mortality. This limitation has fostered the development of percutaneous devices to reduce MR, and our group ...
Grossi Eugene A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mild and moderate functional ischemic mitral insufficiency present at the time of surgical revascularization present clinical uncertainty. It is unclear whether the relatively poor outcomes in this cohort are dependent on valvular function or related to left ventricular dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to examine the early ...
Spoor Martinus T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Surgical intervention is playing an increasingly important therapeutic role in congestive heart failure (CHF) patients with ischemia and dilated cardiomyopathy. Their mitral regurgitation (MR) is a result of left ventricular (LV) geometrical distortion. The optimal type of ring for CHF patients with geometric ventricular-based MR is unknown. This study ...
Ruel Marc - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Concomitant functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) is frequently not corrected because it may improve after AVR; however, data supporting this assumption are sparse. We ascertained the impact of clinical and echocardiographic parameters on the outcome of patients with or without concomitant FMR at ...
Pino Paolo G - - 2006
Mitral regurgitation commonly occurs in patients with heart failure. Systolic dysfunction is the hallmark of dilated cardiomyopathy. Mitral functional regurgitation is mitral incompetence in the absence of intrinsic lesions of the mitral valve apparatus. Echocardiography can make a major contribution to the diagnosis of cardiomyopathies. A more careful anatomic and ...
Nakamura Koki - - 2006
A 27-year-old man who was diagnosed with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) underwent the total right ventricular (RV) exclusion procedure: the RV free wall was resected and an extracardiac total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) was created using a 24-mm-diameter polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) graft. After an uneventful period of 7 years, he began ...
Sirivella Srikrishna - - 2006
The impact of etiology of associated mitral valve regurgitation and a valve procedure on operative and long-term outcomes after coronary bypass grafting surgery is yet to be clearly defined. Results of combined coronary artery bypass grafting and valve procedures for mitral valve regurgitation were retrospectively analyzed in 468 patients. The ...
Mallidi Hari R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A 77-year-old man presented with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure and cardiogenic shock. In the coronary care unit, the patient was initially stabilized by diuresis and afterload reduction. Six months previously he had experienced an episode of severe dyspnea, orthopnea and chest heaviness. INVESTIGATIONS: Echocardiography and coronary ...
Kasegawa Hitoshi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study was a long-term Doppler echocardiographic assessment of mitral valve repair for anterior mitral leaflet prolapse using expanded polytetrafluoroethylene sutures. METHODS: Between April 1992 and December 2003, we performed mitral valve repair using expanded polytetrafluoroethylene sutures in 204 patients (mean age, 54.6 years) with severe mitral regurgitation (MR) ...
Pu Min - - 2006
Management of severe chronic mitral regurgitation (MR) in severe heart failure is challenging. There are controversies over the efficacy of surgical correction of MR in the presence of severely depressed left ventricular (LV) function. The etiology of MR plays an important role in clinical decision making. In organic MR, surgical ...
Grossi E A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Functional mitral regurgitation is associated with both annular and ventricular distortion. Aggressive reduction annuloplasty for functional mitral regurgitation acts primarily at the annulus, with variable impact on the left ventricle. The Coapsys device externally reshapes the left ventricle to correct functional mitral regurgitation. Left ventricular reshaping was analyzed in ...
Koch Arjun D - - 2006
Two patients recently underwent successful repeat left ventricular anterior aneurysmectomies at our institution. Both patients had undergone a linear repair at first operation. Over time severe heart failure relapsed and echocardiography revealed the recurrence of a voluminous antero-septo-apical aneurysm in both cases, associated with severe mitral regurgitation. Because of still ...
Tanaka Hidekazu - - 2006
A 65-year-old female was admitted to our hospital because of dyspnea. Laboratory examinations revealed hypereosinophilia at a local hospital. Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography showed normal left ventricular dimension and function. The left ventricular apex was obliterated and the posterior and lateral walls were thickened by an abnormal mass. The posterior ...
Di Donato Marisa - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Anterior myocardial infarction leads a sequence of structural changes that alter the size and the shape of the left ventricle. Efforts to assess shape have been made by global left ventricular (LV) chamber analysis (sphericity index, SI) but this analysis does not detect regional shape abnormalities like those at ...
Lloyd Steven G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Surgical ventricular restoration (SVR) is a promising modality for treatment of heart failure due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction, particularly that due to ischemic heart disease. The role of MRI in improving diagnosis, operative planning, and follow-up is reviewed to analyze how one examination may define a spectrum of ...
Buffolo Enio - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Secondary mitral insufficiency is a strong risk factor for death in end-stage cardiomyopathy. The possible correction of mitral regurgitation has now been accepted as an alternative to cardiac transplantation in a special subset of patients. We propose a new surgical approach that consists of implantation of a mitral prosthesis ...
Van de Veire Nico R - - 2006
The present study evaluated the prevalence of ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) in a large population of patients with documented coronary artery disease who had been referred for echocardiography and assessed whether ischemic MR is an independent determinant of echocardiographically estimated left ventricular (LV) filling pressures. We studied 849 consecutive patients ...
Kataoka Hajime - - 2006
This report describes a woman with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy in whom initial hemodynamic improvement by dual chamber (DDD) pacing with short atrioventricular delay was excellent, but severe mitral regurgitation developed during the subsequent follow-up period, resulting in refractory congestive heart failure. There were two possible explanations for the origin of ...
Borger Michael A - - 2006
Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is a common complication of coronary artery disease and is the focus of a rapidly increasing amount of research. Mechanistic studies have determined that IMR is caused by apical displacement and tethering of the mitral valve leaflets after myocardial infarction, resulting in incomplete coaptation. Despite the ...
Le Huong Cindy - - 2006
Ischemic mitral regurgitation is the regurgitation seen with structurally normal valve leaflets that occurs in approximately 20% of patients after myocardial infarction and 56% of patients with congestive heart failure caused by ischemic or nonischemic cardiomyopathy. The initiating event is an ischemic insult that results in remodeling of the left ...
Donal Erwan - - 2006
Ischemia-induced mitral insufficiency (IMI) can occur when a papillary muscle ruptures in the acute phase of myocardial infarction (MI) or, more commonly, when ischemic heart disease reaches the chronic stage, with or without infarction. In the latter case it can be distinguished from organic mitral regurgitation because the structure of ...
Martínez-Sellés Manuel - - 2006
To assess the influence of sex on right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) in patients with severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction. We studied 385 consecutive patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <0.35. All patients underwent invasive measurement of right ventricular and pulmonary artery pressures and evaluation of RVD by standard transthoracic ...
Chirillo Fabio - - 2006
Chronic severe mitral regurgitation is a progressive disease that can lead to left ventricular dysfunction. New information on the natural history of the disease, along with advances in surgical techniques, has changed the roles of medical and surgical therapies. There is no well-defined role for medical therapy in chronic mitral ...
van Klei W A - - 2006
We prospectively estimated the prevalence of heart murmurs in 2522 consecutive adult non-cardiac surgery patients during pre-operative evaluation. Factors that contribute to the detection of a heart murmur were identified, and echocardiography was used to evaluate to what extent a murmur reflected presence of valvular heart disease. A cardiac murmur ...
Bursi Francesca - - 2006
Mitral regurgitation after myocardial infarction is the result of multifactorial processes involving local and global left ventricular remodeling. The prevalence of mitral regurgitation varies from 11% to 59%. Published studies differ greatly in design, inclusion criteria, duration of follow-up, and technique of mitral regurgitation assessment. However, they consistently indicate that ...
De Simone Raffaele - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies in animals showed that regional annulus distortion is a major determinant of ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) and accordingly suggested new surgical approaches with asymmetrical annuloplasty rings. As accurate measurement of annulus in patients is still a challenge, we performed this study to analyze the changes in three-dimensional ...
Werner C - - 2006
A 72-year-old patient was admitted to our clinic following posterior wall myocardial infarction. Furthermore, he had suffered from dysphagia and intermittent regurgitation for a time period of two months. Radiological diagnostics revealed an esophageal impingement by the left atrium and the descending aorta due to severe thoracic scoliosis. This represents ...
Bonacchi Massimo - - 2006
Mitral valve regurgitation (MVR), occurring as a result of myocardial ischemia and global left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, predicts a poor outcome in terms of survival and morbidity. Between 1995 and 2003, 180 consecutive patients with impaired LV function and chronic ischemic MVR underwent cardiac surgery. Fifty-four patients (group I), MVR ...
Hauptman Paul J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Quality of life is increasingly used as an important end point in clinical trials of treatments for heart failure; thus, relationships between traditional clinical variables and quality of life need to be understood. Baseline data from an ongoing multi-institutional study of a surgically implanted cardiac support device (CorCap, Acorn ...
Amiya Eisuke - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The goal of the present study was to identify predictors of event-free survival in nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM) patients after administration of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI)/angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) and beta-blockers. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study group comprised 78 consecutive patients with NIDCM between 1997 and 2002. NIDCM was ...
Mishra Yugal K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Untreated functional ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) leads to reduced survival in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, mitral repair or replacement increases mortality and morbidity over CABG alone. The Myocor Coapsys annuloplasty system potentially reduces these risks by facilitating MR reduction on a beating heart without atriotomy. ...
Nicolini Francesco - - 2006
The aim of this study was to examine perioperative mortality and morbidity and midterm results in patients undergoing coronary bypass graft and mitral valve annuloplasty with advanced dilated cardiomyopathy. Sixty-one patients with ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy underwent coronary artery bypass grafting and mitral valve annuloplasty between January 1998 and December 2003. ...
Gürbüz Ali - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mitral valve intervention combined with coronary artery bypass surgery is inevitable in the case of severe mitral regurgitation in patients with coronary artery disease because the prognosis is poor without mitral correction. The best treatment protocol for patients with a moderate degree of mitral regurgitation is under debate. To ...
Filsoufi Farzan - - 2006
Ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) can complicate severe coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction. Ischemic MR results from left ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction and can also accompany acute myocardial ischemia. The most common mechanism of ischemic MR is Carpentier's type IIIb dysfunction due to an apical and lateral displacement of ...
Gorman Joseph H JH - - 2006
Five million Americans suffer from heart failure. Despite innovative new pharmacologic and device therapy, the 5-year mortality rate for these patients remains near 50%. Conservatively, 300,000 patients with heart failure also have severe functional mitral regurgitation. Over the past decade the surgical approach to these patients has become more aggressive ...
Cioffi Giovanni - - 2005
Mitral regurgitation (MR) has been demonstrated to be a powerful predictor of adverse outcome in middle-aged patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). In this study, we sought to define the prognostic impact of functional mitral regurgitation in a population of elderly patients with systolic CHF. One hundred seventy-five outpatients aged ...
Erro M E - - 2005
Although there are several clinico-topographical studies of pontine infarcts, few include vascular studies. To clarify the etiopathogenic mechanisms of pontine infarcts we analyzed the vascular findings and their association with MRI lesions. The clinical features and vascular findings on transcranial Doppler (TCD) or MR angiography (MRA) of 67 patients with ...
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