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Funk Michael - - 2010
Giant left atria (GLA) is a condition where the left atrial diameter exceeds 65 mm. It is closely related to rheumatic mitral valve regurgitation or mixed mitral disease with predominant regurgitation and tends not to occur in patients with mitral regurgitation due to other causes. The majority of patients are ...
Engström Annemarie E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock (CS) remains the most serious complication of acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Mitral regurgitation (MR) is a frequent complication of STEMI and a well-known predictor of mortality in STEMI without CS. The purpose of this study was to determine the prognostic significance of MR in STEMI patients ...
Okayama Satoshi - - 2011
Contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can depict papillary muscle (PM) necrosis or fibrosis by late enhancement (LE) of PM, but its clinical significance in old myocardial infarction (OMI) has been little understood. Myocardial LE and PM-LE were detected with contrast imaging in 60 patients with OMI caused by a ...
Knirsch Walter - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of chronic administration of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in pediatric patients with mitral valve regurgitation. DESIGN, SETTING, PATIENTS, INTERVENTIONS: This was a case-control study of all echocardiograms of patients with moderate-to-severe mitral valve regurgitation, who underwent chronic administration of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors between January 1990 and ...
de Agustín José A - - 2010
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The development of left ventricular dysfunction after mitral valve replacement is a common problem in patients with chronic severe mitral regurgitation. Assessment of myocardial deformation enables myocardial contractility to be accurately estimated. Our aim was to compare the value of the preoperative strain and strain rate derived ...
Wenk Jonathan F JF Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California, - - 2010
Left ventricular remodeling after posterobasal myocardial infarction can lead to ischemic mitral regurgitation. This occurs as a consequence of leaflet tethering due to posterior papillary muscle displacement. A finite element model of the left ventricle, mitral apparatus, and chordae tendineae was created from magnetic resonance images from a sheep that ...
Fujita Tomoyuki - - 2010
The long-term outcomes of combined mitral repair and maze procedure for patients with nonrheumatic mitral regurgitation and chronic atrial fibrillation were evaluated. Between June 1992 and December 2008, 187 patients underwent a combined mitral repair and maze procedure. The mean follow-up period was 7.4 ± 4.3 years. Chordal reconstruction was ...
Shingu Yasushige - - 2010
After isolated left ventriculoplasty, the mechanism of mitral regurgitation (MR) remains unclear. A 68-year-old male with ischemic cardiomyopathy presented with a new onset of severe MR after left ventriculoplasty without a mitral procedure. He needed a second operation for heart failure because of the MR. We speculate about its mechanism ...
Shijo T - - 2010
A 72-year-old man underwent sutureless repair of an oozing-type left ventricular free wall rupture. Echocardiography 8 months after sutureless repair revealed a huge left ventricular pseudoaneurysm and severe mitral regurgitation (MR). Therefore, left ventricular reconstruction and restrictive mitral annuloplasty were performed. The patient's clinical condition was improved and no residual ...
Agger Peter - - 2010
The right ventricle (RV) tolerates acute pulmonary valvular regurgitation fairly well, however, in the long-term dilatation and failure often ensues. There is little known of the structural and functional myocardial alterations following this pathophysiology, and therefore animal models are sought. We aimed to develop an animal experimental model for RV ...
Einstein Daniel R - - 2010
The remodeling that occurs after a posterolateral myocardial infarction can alter mitral valve function by creating conformational abnormalities in the mitral annulus and in the posteromedial papillary muscle, leading to mitral regurgitation (MR). It is generally assumed that this remodeling is caused by a volume load and is mediated by ...
Chow Benjamin J W - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hemodynamically significant mitral regurgitation (MR) may alter left ventricular (LV) myocardial energy requirements. The effects of MR and subsequent corrective mitral valve (MV) surgery on myocardial energetics are not well understood. A better understanding of myocardial energetics and the LV responses to changes in preload and afterload may assist ...
Hussaini Asma - - 2010
As a large portion of the US demographic advances into the later decades of life, the incidence of valvular heart disease is expected to increase. Mitral regurgitation (MR) caused by primary valve abnormality (degenerative) or secondary to cardiomyopathy (functional) is an important cause of heart failure. Management of valvular heart ...
De Vecchis R - - 2010
The passage from II to III New York Heart Association (NYHA) class is indicative of cardiopulmonary impairment and unfavourable prognosis. Among chronic heart failure(CHF) II NYHA class patients, the topic has been debated what criteria have be assumed for identifying the patients prone to accelerated progression towards III NYHA class. ...
De Vecchis R - - 2010
AIM: The passage from II to III New York Heart Association (NYHA) class is indicative of cardiopulmonary impairment and unfavourable prognosis. Among chronic heart failure(CHF) II NYHA class patients, the topic has been debated what criteria have be assumed for identifying the patients prone to accelerated progression towards III NYHA ...
Hvass Ulrik - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate long-term stability of mitral repair and reverse remodeling in patients with severe ischemic left ventricular dysfunction and functional mitral regurgitation. METHODS: Since June 2000, a total of 37 patients with ischemic functional mitral regurgitation have benefited from a double-level mitral repair that comprises an ...
Zucca Enrica - - 2010
Seven hundreds fifty-two Standardbreds, with poor performance, underwent a thorough diagnostic protocol. In 157 out of 233 horses, with cardiac murmurs, echocardiography and color flow Doppler (CFD) mapping were performed. Murmur of tricuspid valve regurgitation was identified in 185 horses, while murmurs of mitral (23), aortic (9) and pulmonary (3) ...
Deftereos Spyridon - - 2010
A 62-year-old woman was referred for evaluation of recent-onset dyspnoea at rest and a newly found systolic heart murmur, heard best at the apex of the heart. The patient's history was notable for surgical mitral valve replacement 3 years ago, due to severe mitral regurgitation (myxomatous degeneration of the mitral ...
Pocar Marco - - 2010
Post-infarction ventricular remodelling has been graded (I-III) according to the loss of systolic left ventricular silhouette curvature changes. Although surgical ventricular restoration (SVR) has been extended to type III ischaemic cardiomyopathy, the results are less satisfactory. We sought to identify geometric and functional predictors of late outcome after SVR. Among ...
Misumi Ikuo - - 2010
A 39-year-old woman with Sanfilippo C syndrome was referred to our department for the treatment of bradycardia. An electrocardiogram revealed a second degree atrioventricular block, and pacemaker implantation was performed with the patient under general anesthesia. A transthoracic echocardiogram showed normal left ventricular systolic function, moderate mitral regurgitation due to ...
Gackowski Andrzej - - 2010
Decreased left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) is a predictor of poor late outcome in patients with mitral regurgitation (MR). The relationship between pre-operative forward stroke volume (SV) and right heart parameters and perioperative outcome in patients with MR has been little studied. Forty patients with severe organic MR, unsuitable for ...
Chang J-P - - 2010
Atrial enlargement occurs in patients with significant mitral regurgitation. However, the time frame of the development of atrial enlargement induced by mitral regurgitation remains unknown. Fourteen Lanyu miniature pigs (age = 6.6 ± 0.9 months) were studied. Mitral regurgitation was created by placing a predefined hole on the middle scallop ...
Uretsky Seth - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The treatment of patients with aortic regurgitation (AR) or mitral regurgitation (MR) relies on the accurate assessment of the severity of the regurgitation as well as its effect on left ventricular (LV) size and function. Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) is an excellent tool for quantifying regurgitant volumes as well ...
Manzoor Ali Andrabi Syed - - 2010
Percutaneous Transvenous Mitral Annuloplasty for mitral regurgitation is in early stages of development and involves a complex intervention which can not be done in patients with left ventricular leads. Since functional mitral regurgitation is common in low ejection fraction states, we propose a device which can serve for annuloplasty in ...
Sionis Alessandro - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In patients with severe aortic regurgitation and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), uncertainty remains whether to recommend aortic valve replacement (AVR) over heart transplantation, especially when mitral regurgitation and/or coronary heart disease coexist. METHODS: We assessed outcomes in 26 consecutive AVR patients aged </=70 years with severe aortic ...
Chrustowicz Anton - - 2010
AIMS: To assess the right ventricular (RV) function in patients with severe mitral regurgitation (MR); to find a relation between preoperative and postoperative parameters. METHODS: RV function was echocardiographically assessed by determining the tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and the peak systolic velocity of the lateral tricuspid annulus (Sa) ...
Pocar Marco - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify determinants of clinical and functional outcome after myocardial revascularization and associated undersized annuloplasty in patients with intermediate-degree ischemic mitral regurgitation. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with 2+ or 3+ ischemic mitral regurgitation underwent coronary bypass surgery and implantation of undersized semirigid or flexible complete ring or autologous ...
Herrey Anna S - - 2010
We report the case of a 49-year-old woman who presented with symptomatic severe mitral regurgitation secondary to previous myocardial infarction. During the work-up for surgery, she was found to be pregnant. This report explores the difficulties and ethical dilemmas encountered dealing with the need for urgent valve surgery and coronary ...
Chrissos Dimitrios N - - 2009
We sought to determine the effect of cardiac massage on a pre-existing regurgitant mitral valve during open-chest cardiopulmonary resuscitation (OCCPR) in an animal experiment. Our study included 29 dogs that were used as experimental models. We anesthetized them and inserted a transesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) probe. Then we performed a transverse ...
Ahmad Zaheer - - 2010
Congenital mitral regurgitation is relatively rare. It can be due to congenital malformation of the valve apparatus, associated structural heart defects, or results from myocardial dysfunction leading to deformation of the valve annulus. Hence, careful delineation of the pathologic processes involved in the mechanism is critical when evaluating patients presenting ...
Raman Jai - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Correction of functional mitral regurgitation in ischaemic heart disease, with a better risk:benefit ratio is an unmet need. A new methodology of external approach of correcting the annulus (BACE: basal annuloplasty of the cardia externally) to repair and stabilise the mitral valve without entering the heart was used in ...
Williams Matthew L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Undersized ring annuloplasty and surgical revascularization are commonly used to correct ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR), but published series have failed to demonstrate a benefit compared with revascularization alone. We hypothesized that surgical revascularization and annuloplasty lead to a durable repair, but may also lead to increased mitral gradients that ...
Omay Oguz - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is an important risk factor in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) operations. The decision to perform concomitant mitral annuloplasty along with the CABG depends on the surgeon's choice. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of posterior annuloplasty procedures with autologous pericardium ...
Vizzardi Enrico - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Many echocardiographic parameters have been proposed for the assessment of the patients with heart failure (HF). Recently, the myocardial performance index (MPI) has been shown to be an accurate index of myocardial function. We assessed the correlation with other clinical and echocardiographic measurements and the prognostic value of MPI ...
Hickey Edward J EJ John Kirklin Fellow, The Congenital Heart Surgeons' Society Data, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, - - 2010
To define the outcomes following Ross and Yasui procedures for complex biventricular repair of critical left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO). Of 1217 neonates presenting with critical LVOTO enrolled in the Congenital Heart Surgeons Society studies (1994-2008), 52 underwent the Ross or Yasui procedure and their outcomes were investigated using ...
Chaput Miguel M Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2009
Ischemic mitral regurgitation is caused by systolic traction on the mitral leaflets related to ventricular distortion. Little is known about how chronic tethering affects leaflet area, in part because it cannot be measured repeatedly in situ. Recently, a new method for 3D echocardiographic measurement of mitral leaflet area was developed ...
Bonagura J D - - 2009
Mitral regurgitation (MR) related to chronic degenerative valvular disease is the most important cause of heart failure in dogs. Ultrasound examination of the heart can identify valve lesions, confirm the presence of valvular regurgitation, document cardiac remodeling, estimate intracardiac pressures, and quantify systolic ventricular function. These findings can influence prognosis ...
Bouma Wobbe - - 2010
Chronic ischaemic mitral regurgitation (CIMR) remains one of the most complex and unresolved aspects in the management of ischaemic heart disease. This review provides an overview of the present knowledge about the different aspects of CIMR with an emphasis on mechanisms, current surgical treatment results and new mechanism-based surgical approaches. ...
Kim June-Hong - - 2009
We developed and tested a novel transcatheter circumferential annuloplasty technique to reduce mitral regurgitation in porcine ischemic cardiomyopathy. Catheter-based annuloplasty for secondary mitral regurgitation exploits the proximity of the coronary sinus to the mitral annulus, but is limited by anatomic variants and coronary artery entrapment. The procedure, "cerclage annuloplasty," is ...
Onorati Francesco - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate left-sided and right-sided heart echocardiographic results after restrictive mitral annuloplasty in chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation. METHODS: Left atrial diameter, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, left ventricular end-systolic diameter, left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular indexed mass, coaptation depth, transmitral mean gradient, systolic pulmonary arterial pressure, tricuspid annular plane ...
Wethal T - - 2009
Hodgkin's lymphoma survivors (HLSs) have an elevated risk for cardiovascular diseases that appear several years after radiotherapy. This study examined the time-dependent development and evolution of valvular and myocardial function related to treatment with mediastinal radiotherapy and anthracyclines in HLSs. In 1993, echocardiography was performed in 116 HLSs median 10 ...
Schofer Joachim J Medical Care Center Professor Mathey, Professor Schofer Hamburg University Cardiovascular Center Hamburg, Hamburg, - - 2009
Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR), a well-recognized component of left ventricular remodeling, is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in heart failure patients. Percutaneous mitral annuloplasty has the potential to serve as a therapeutic adjunct to standard medical care. Patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, moderate to severe FMR, an ejection fraction <40%, ...
Kihara Takashi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Whether and how lone atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with functional mitral regurgitation (MR) remain unclear. METHOD: We studied 12 lone AF patients without left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and/or dilatation, who underwent mitral valve annuloplasty for functional mitral regurgitation (MR). Ten lone AF patients without MR served as controls. ...
Bhatt Mehul R - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: False tendons in the left ventricle are commonly observed. Preliminary observations associate false tendons with less functional mitral regurgitation. METHODS: Echocardiograms demonstrating severe cardiomyopathy (ejection fraction < or =30%) were retrospectively examined for left ventricular false tendons. The ejection fraction, cause of left ventricular systolic dysfunction, left ventricular diastolic ...
Suma Hisayoshi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: A poor functioning dilated left ventricle with mitral regurgitation is the worst condition in chronic ischemic heart failure. Our 7-year experience in combined mitral valve and left ventricular reconstruction was evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 246 patients having undergone a left ventriculoplasty for postinfarction left ventricular dysfunction in our ...
Onorati Francesco - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Although mitral restrictive annuloplasty plus coronary artery bypass grafting are considered the best therapeutic strategies for ischemic cardiomyopathy with chronic mitral regurgitation, some recurrences are still reported. We evaluated predictors for late recurrence of ischemic cardiomyopathy with chronic mitral regurgitation. METHODS: Hospital outcome and serial clinical and echocardiographic (preoperative, ...
Enriquez-Sarano Maurice - - 2009
Mitral regurgitation affects more than 2 million people in the USA. The main causes are classified as degenerative (with valve prolapse) and ischaemic (ie, due to consequences of coronary disease) in developed countries, or rheumatic (in developing countries). This disorder generally progresses insidiously, because the heart compensates for increasing regurgitant ...
Park Seong-Mi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Functional mitral regurgitation (MR) is commonly seen in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), which may result from left ventricular (LV) dilatation and alteration in the geometric relationship of mitral valve apparatus. However, not all patients with DCM show significant MR and left atrial (LA) enlargement. The aim of this study was ...
Flynn Michael - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To relate cardiovascular magnetic resonance-derived segmental wall motion and myocardial scarring and determine whether they are associated with postoperative mitral regurgitation following coronary artery bypass grafting and annuloplasty for severe functional ischemic mitral regurgitation. METHODS: From January 2001 to October 2006, 29 patients with grade >or=3+ chronic functional ischemic ...
Mehra Mandeep R - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Geometric mitral regurgitation is a phenomenon encountered by an otherwise anatomically normal mitral valve in the setting of advanced adverse left ventricular remodeling that alters the alignment characteristics of the mitral valve apparatus leading to functional production of a leaking valve. In this review, we discuss contemporary ...
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