Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1059
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Ikeda M - - 2000
A 52-year-old male was admitted for angina pectoris and congestive heart failure classified as New York Heart Association class III. Coronary angiography showed 95% stenosis in the left anterior descending artery, 99% stenosis in the first diagonal branch, total occlusion in the left circumflex artery, and a hypoplastic right coronary ...
Iwasaki K - - 2000
Severe mitral regurgitation was associated with cardiogenic shock in five (0.8%) of 623 patients with acute myocardial infarction who were urgently admitted to the authors' hospitals between 1994 and 1996. The infarct was located in the inferior wall in four patients and in the inferoposterior wall in one patient. Severe ...
Bocchi E A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Left partial ventriculectomy has been proposed for treatment of heart failure. We investigated the effects of isolated left partial ventriculectomy and left partial ventriculectomy associated with mitral annuloplasty on refractory heart failure due to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. METHODS: Nineteen patients underwent partial left partial ventriculectomy associated with mitral annuloplasty ...
Thompson C R - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to define the outcomes of patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) due to severe mitral regurgitation (MR) complicating acute myocardial infarction (AMI). BACKGROUND: Methods for early identification and optimal treatment of such patients have not been defined. METHODS: The SHOCK Trial Registry enrolled 1,190 patients with CS ...
Roldan C A - - 2000
Echocardiography is recommended for the detection of valvular regurgitation in asymptomatic users of anorexigens with a heart murmur. To determine the prevalence and diagnostic value of heart murmurs for valvular regurgitation, 223 patients receiving dexfenfluramine therapy for 6.9 months and 189 matched controls underwent history and cardiac auscultation by experienced ...
Casset-Senon D - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Ventricular premature beats are common in patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP). The purpose of this study was to determine whether symptomatic patients with MVP had certain functional characteristics and if ventricular arrhythmia (VA) could be explained by functional extravalvular abnormalities. Single photon emission computed tomography equilibrium radionuclide angiography ...
Jan S L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: An outbreak of hand-foot-and-mouth disease caused by enterovirus infection occurred in Taiwan in 1998 and more than 70 infants and children with fulminant courses died. We compared the cardiac manifestations of fatal cases with patients who survived the enterovirus infection. METHODS: A total 187 patients with enterovirus infection were ...
Ng C K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Valvuloplasty has significant advantages over valve replacement for mitral regurgitation, but the presence of severe calcification of the mitral valve apparatus has been thought to preclude successful valve reconstruction in general. The purpose of this report is to assess the results of valvuloplasty in patients with severe mitral regurgitation ...
Abd-El-Aziz T A - - 2000
Evaluation of left ventricular function in the presence of valvular regurgitation is still a clinical problem because ejection phase indices including ejection fraction are heavily dependent on preload and afterload and cannot be regarded as reliable indices of contractility in diseases associated with altered loading conditions. The authors attempted to ...
Schwitter J - - 2000
For clinical evaluation and decision-making in patients with valvular heart disease, the diagnostic armamentarium expands steadily. This evolution makes it difficult to choose the most appropriate approach for a specific valvular lesion. It may also reflect our uncertainty of what are the findings that best predict clinical outcome of patients, ...
Buckley R S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: There is no method of quantifying the severity of mitral regurgitation (MR) from injection of tracer directly into the left ventricular (LV) cavity, a method commonly used in the cardiac catheterization laboratory. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used a previously validated mathematical model that derives regurgitant fraction (RF) from the ...
Terada H - - 2000
Diverticulum of the atrium is a rare and controversial clinical entity, and in the present case a left atrial diverticulum was associated with severe mitral regurgitation (MR). A 68-year-old female with the diagnosis of MR was referred for further cardiac evaluation. Echocardiography revealed severe MR and an accessory cavity behind ...
Bakker P F - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Asynchronous patterns of contraction and relaxation may contribute to hemodynamic and functional impairment in heart failure. In 1993, we introduced biventricular pacing as a novel method to treat heart failure by synchronous stimulation of the right and left ventricles after an appropriate atrioventricular delay. The objectives of this study ...
Gardin J M - - 2000
CONTEXT: Fenfluramine and dexfenfluramine were voluntarily withdrawn from the market in September 1997 because of reports of an association with heart valve abnormalities. Studies have been limited by lack of comparison with untreated controls. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate cardiovascular status and the prevalence of valvular abnormalities, as assessed by clinical cardiovascular ...
Ghio S - - 2000
The prognostic value of ultrasound evaluation of right ventricular (RV) performance in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) is still a matter of investigation. We studied 140 consecutive patients with chronic CHF and a left ventricular ejection fraction <35%. All patients underwent a complete echocardiographic evaluation that systematically included the ...
Timek T - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Incomplete mitral leaflet coaptation during acute left ventricular ischemia is associated with end-diastolic mitral annular dilatation and ischemic mitral regurgitation. Annular rings were implanted in sheep to investigate whether annular reduction alone is sufficient to prevent mitral regurgitation during acute posterolateral left ventricular ischemia. METHODS: Radiopaque markers were inserted ...
Saxena A - - 2000
The original Jones Criteria as proposed by Dr. T. Duckett Jones have been modified four times and the updated revised criteria were published in 1992. According to this latest publication major manifestations are carditis, polyarthritis, chorea, erythema marginatum and subcutaneous nodules. Minor manifestations include fever, arthralgia and laboratory findings of ...
Søndergaard L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Afterload reduction decreases volume overload on the left ventricle and may thereby delay the need for valve replacement in chronic asymptomatic aortic regurgitation. The aims of this randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial were to examine short- and long-term hemodynamic effects of felodipine in chronic asymptomatic aortic regurgitation. METHODS: Sixteen patients ...
Ekery D L - - 2000
Quantification of aortic regurgitation (AR) is a common and difficult clinical problem. The severity of regurgitation has traditionally been estimated with the use of contrast aortography, which is impractical as a screening tool or for serial examinations. In the past two decades, Doppler echocardiography has emerged as an important tool ...
Patel A R - - 2000
Two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography have become the major modalities for the assessment of mitral regurgitation. The combined use of these techniques provides information regarding the morphology of the valvular apparatus as well as the severity of regurgitation. Transesophageal and three-dimensional echocardiography provide a more-detailed evaluation of valve morphology, which can ...
Capomolla S - - 2000
In patients with chronic heart failure, the use of carvedilol therapy induces clinical and hemodynamic improvement. However, although the benefits of this beta-blocker have been established in patients with chronic heart failure, the mechanisms underlying them and the changes in left ventricular systolic function, diastolic function, and mitral regurgitation during ...
Mizushige K - - 2000
The authors measured the aortic regurgitant orifice area (ROA) using Doppler echocardiography and attempted to clarify how important the ROA is in determining the regurgitant volume (RV) in 22 patients with chronic aortic regurgitation (AR). The RV was calculated from the difference between the left ventricular ejection flow volume and ...
Hanna S R - - 2000
A 68-year-old woman was admitted to hospital for possible mitral valve surgery for severe mitral regurgitation (MR). Six months before admission, a DDD pacemaker was implanted for symptomatic bradycardia. She developed atrial fibrillation and the pacer was changed to a VVI mode. At cardiac catheterization, the pulmonary artery and wedge ...
Ranjit M S - - 2000
Cardiac abnormalities in birth asphyxia were first recognised in 1970s. These include (i) transient tricuspid regurgitation which is the commonest cause of a systolic murmur in a newborn and tends to disappear without any treatment unless it is associated with transient myocardial ischemia or primary pulmonary hypertension of the new ...
Miyasaka Y - - 2000
Although several studies demonstrated that the presence of significant mitral regurgitation was associated with reduced occurrence of thromboembolism, little data is available concerning the effect of mild mitral regurgitation on the occurrence of thromboembolic events. To evaluate the association between mild mitral regurgitation and thromboembolic events, we reviewed 232 patients' ...
Potocka-Plazak K - - 2000
The aim of this investigation was an echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular structure and function in elderly women who were hospitalized due to congestive heart failure. Sixty-three women with heart failure aged 70-100 years (mean age, 82 years) were studied; medical histories were taken, medical examinations and chest X-ray studies, ...
Armstrong G P - - 2000
In chronic severe mitral regurgitation, minimum morbidity and mortality is achieved by applying surgical correction before left ventricular dysfunction becomes irreversible. This requires detection of subtle signs of early ventricular decompensation, for which isotonic stress echocardiography is more accurate than is use of resting indices of contractile function alone. We ...
Bestetti R - - 2000
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of stroke in a hospital-derived cohort of patients with chronic Chagas' disease. Seventy-nine patients with chronic Chagas' disease were prospectively followed at the Cardiomyopathy Clinic of the Santa Casa Hospital from January 1990 to June 1993 (mean follow up = ...
Saeed M - - 2000
The objective of this study was to determine and compare if MR contrast agents distributed into various compartments can provide estimation of fractional distribution volume (FDV) in normal and infarcted myocardium using inversion recovery echo-planar MR imaging (IR EPI). Three different types of MR agents were investigated: (a) an extracellular ...
Harris K M - - 1999
Evaluation and treatment of valvular heart disease (table 1) are in evolution. Echocardiography is the principal diagnostic tool. In general, mitral and aortic stenotic lesions warrant surgical treatment when symptoms appear. Such intervention is also indicated in symptomatic patients with a regurgitant mitral or aortic lesion. Some patients with regurgitant ...
de Marchi S F - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The severity of aortic regurgitation can be estimated using pressure half time (PHT) of the aortic regurgitation flow velocity, but the correlation between regurgitant fraction and PHT is weak. AIM: To test the hypothesis that the association between PHT and regurgitant fraction is substantially influenced by left ventricular relaxation. ...
Calabrò R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors have been shown to have beneficial effects in the short- and long-term treatment of adult patients with chronic mitral regurgitation. The safety and efficacy of such treatment have not been established for children. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of the angiotensin-converting ...
Lambert A S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Digital acquisition and storage of echocardiographic studies offer many advantages over analog recordings, but the amount of computer memory required may be large. "Computer compression" of data is done by machines with various algorithms. "Clinical compression" involves limiting the recordings to 1-beat loops, and although it is commonly used, ...
Murakami T - - 1999
In adult patients with severe chronic mitral regurgitation, many predictors for estimating postoperative left ventricular systolic function have been proposed. However, none has been defined in children. We analyzed the relationship between such predictors and postoperative left ventricular fractional shortening in children with isolated congenital mitral regurgitation. Eight patients with ...
Enriquez-Sarano M - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to determine the accuracy and outcome implications of mitral regurgitant lesions assessed by echocardiography. BACKGROUND: In patients with mitral regurgitation (MR), valve repair is a major incentive to early surgery and is decided on the basis of the anatomic mitral lesions. These lesions can be ...
Choudhary S K - - 1999
Ischaemic mitral regurgitation is an important determinant of survival in patients with coronary artery disease. A retrospective analysis was performed to evaluate the overall outcome and its determinants in patients with ischaemic mitral regurgitation. Over a period of 10 years, 72 patients underwent operations for mitral regurgitation of ischaemic origin. ...
Duarte I G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: In cases of moderate mitral regurgitation and coronary artery disease operative strategy continues to be debated between coronary artery bypass grafting alone and concomitant valve replacement or repair. We previously reported on 58 patients with moderate mitral regurgitation who had coronary artery bypass grafting between 1977 and 1983. We ...
Inoue H - - 1999
As in papillary muscle dysfunction complicating mitral prolapse, dyskinesis of the left ventricular wall underlying the papillary muscles has been shown to cause mitral regurgitation following myocardial infarction. Myocardial stunning has been experimentally evidenced to cause mitral regurgitation due to a wall motion abnormality, but it has not yet been ...
Bainbridge A D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The standard technique of ventricular transplantation with atrioplasty (SOHT) distorts atrial anatomy. This may compromise diastolic ventricular function, impair atrioventricular valve competence and elevate resting ANP secretion. In contrast, complete atrioventricular anastomosis (CAVT) preserves atrial geometry. METHODS: We evaluated long term outcome in a prospective randomized trial of CAVT ...
He S - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Mitral annulus dilatation has been identified as an important factor in functional mitral regurgitation (FMR). However, the pathophysiologic interaction of annular dilatation and papillary muscle (PM) displacement in FMR, which occurs clinically in left ventricular (LV) dilatation, is still not well understood. It is ...
Suma H - - 1999
A 38-year-old man underwent the Batista operation to treat end-stage dilated cardiomyopathy. There was no associated mitral regurgitation, so only partial left ventriculectomy was performed. The patient recovered successfully. His New York Heart Association (NYHA) class improved from IV to I, ejection fraction increased from 8% to 37% and left ...
Fajtl L - - 1999
Since left ventricle can cope well with volume overload and patients remain asymptomatic for years, the pharmacological interventions which prolong this period and inhibit heart failure development may be possible. However, understanding the heart failure development in chronic aortic regurgitation is a prerequisite. In this review currently postulated mechanisms of ...
Delgado C - - 1999
We describe the case of a patient with long-standing severe mitral periprosthetic regurgitation and a giant left atrium. The patient was referred for surgery. On the third postoperative day, after resuture of the dehiscence of the valve sewing ring, the patient complained of dyspnea. Transthoracic ultrasound examination was performed to ...
De Simone R - - 1999
Color Doppler echocardiography does not provide adequate information about the severity of mitral regurgitation in patients with eccentric mitral regurgitation. We have developed a new procedure for 3-dimensional (3D) color Doppler reconstruction and for segmentation of regurgitant jets. The volume of regurgitant jets was compared with jet area in 63 ...
Miró Palau V - - 1999
To determine the clinical value of several parameters derived by application of the proximal isovelocity surface area method in the assessment of mitral regurgitation (MR), 28 consecutive patients with angiographic diagnosis of MR underwent color Doppler echocardiography within 48 h of cardiac catheterization. Aliasing velocities (V(N)) were baseline-shifted to 25 ...
Conte S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary regurgitation after valveless repair of right ventricular outflow tract obstruction (RVOTO) results in progressive right ventricular (RV) dilatation and dysfunction in an increasing number of patients. Since 1989, we have exclusively used cryopreserved homografts to restore pulmonary valve competence in these patients. Our 9-year-experience with pulmonary valve insertion ...
De Simone R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Color Doppler echocardiography is a standard technique for assessing mitral regurgitation before and after mitral valvuloplasty. Mitral valve prolapse produces complex eccentric jet flows that cannot be visualized and measured by two-dimensional color Doppler echocardiography. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical impact of three-dimensional color ...
De Simone R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Transesophageal color Doppler (or 2D Doppler) is the most widely used technique for intraoperative assessment of mitral valve repair. However, the most severe mitral regurgitations produce eccentric jet flows which cannot be assessed by 2D imaging. Up to now the indications for surgical intervention and intraoperative decisions after valve ...
Cochrane A D - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review the results of operations for anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery and the late outcome for exercise capacity, left ventricular function, and mitral regurgitation. METHODS: Twenty-one patients underwent operations over an 18-year period (median age, 9 months; range, 6 ...
Acar P - - 1999
Two-dimensional echocardiography and color Doppler are useful in the qualitative assessment of aortic regurgitation. However, color Doppler planar methods are not accurate in quantifying regurgitant flow, in part because of the complex geometry of aortic regurgitant flow events. Three-dimensional echocardiographic reconstruction is a new technique that provides dynamic 3-dimensional images ...
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