Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1639
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Zaletel-Kragelj Lijana - - 2004
AIM: To determine estimates of prevalence of selected cardiovascular and related diseases (myocardial and brain infarction, angina pectoris, hypertension, diabetes, and obesity) in western, central, and eastern regions of Slovenia. METHODS: A national survey on health status and health behavior of the adult population included 15,379 Slovene inhabitants, aged 25-64. ...
Shitrit David - - 2004
Patients with unstable angina pectoris and acute myocardial infarction have higher than normal D-dimer levels. The aim of the study was to determine the value of the D-dimer test in patients with unstable angina pectoris and a normal electrocardiogram on presentation at the emergency department. The study sample included 81 ...
Lee C H - - 2004
To investigate the effect on risk of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) of lipid lowering treatment with fluvastatin 80 mg/day after a first percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with stable and unstable angina. This prespecified subgroup analysis of the LIPS (Lescol intervention prevention study) analysed 1658 patients with documented diagnosis; ...
Yang Eric H EH Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minn 55905, - - 2004
Patients with refractory angina are not candidates for revascularization and have both class III or IV angina and objective evidence of ischemia despite optimal medical therapy. An estimated 300,000 to 900,000 patients in the United States have refractory angina, and 25,000 to 75,000 new cases are diagnosed each year. This ...
Vogt Sebastian - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Recent findings indicate that molecular chaperones actively participate in myocardial cytoprotection. Moreover, ischemic tolerance can be induced in humans by brief ischemic events. Therefore, we investigated patients with severe angina attacks before coronary artery bypass grafting. We focused on appearance of anti-hsp70 antibodies as an immunologic response to heat ...
Thadani Udho - - 2004
Severe atherosclerotic narrowing of one or more coronary arteries is responsible for myocardial ischemia and angina pectoris in most patients with stable angina. The coronary arteries of patients with stable angina also contain many more non-obstructive plaques, which are prone to rupture resulting in acute coronary syndrome (unstable angina, myocardial ...
van der Sloot Jos A P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: CO2 and holmium:yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMLR) are used to treat patients with refractory angina. A randomized trial to investigate the efficacy and safety of XeCl excimer TMLR was performed. METHODS: Thirty patients with refractory angina were randomized in pairs to excimer TMLR or maximal medication. ...
Smith Camilla - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate whether activin A could be involved in the immunopathogenesis of acute coronary syndromes. BACKGROUND: Inflammatory mechanisms seem to play a pathogenic role in atherosclerosis and acute coronary syndromes, but the actual mediators have not been fully identified. Activin A, a pleiotropic member of the transforming ...
Beltrame John F - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the angiographic and clinical benefits of the calcium T-channel blocker, mibefradil, in the coronary slow flow phenomenon (CSFP). BACKGROUND: The CSFP is characterized by delayed vessel opacification on angiography (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction [TIMI]-2 flow) in the absence of obstructive epicardial ...
Thompson Peter L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of statin drugs after an acute coronary event is now well established, but the evidence for statin use in the early treatment of acute coronary events remains unclear. METHODS: We tested the effects of administering pravastatin within 24 hours of the onset of symptoms in patients with ...
Yan Andrew T - - 2004
The objective of this study was to determine the management and outcome of less [corrected] selected patients with an acute coronary syndrome during hospitalization and up to 1 year after discharge. The Canadian Acute Coronary Syndromes Registry was a prospective observational study of patients admitted with suspected acute coronary syndromes. ...
Neagu Monica - - 2004
Inflammatory process has been found to play an important role in the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease (CHD) and in the prognosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. The purpose of our study was to investigate some cellular immune parameters during the development of angina in the stable and the ...
Avanzas Pablo - - 2004
Inflammation plays an important role in atherosclerosis and the genesis of acute coronary syndromes, i.e., atheromatous plaque disruption. Neutrophil count and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels are markers of ongoing inflammation and predictors of cardiovascular risk. We sought to assess whether these inflammatory markers are associated with the presence of multiple ...
Lombardo Antonella - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Multiple complex stenoses, plaque fissures, and widespread coronary inflammation are common in acute coronary syndromes. A systemic cause of atherosclerotic plaque instability is also suggested by studies of ischemic cerebrovascular disease. We investigated the association between coronary and carotid plaque instability and the potential common causal role of inflammation. ...
Taneva E - - 2004
Morbidity and mortality rates from heart diseases are highly represented in geriatric-aged patients, but these patients also have supporting diseases. Acute coronary syndrome includes unstable angina and acute myocardial infarction with and without ST elevation. The aim of this study was to make a retrospective morbidity analysis of patients admitted ...
Besterman E - - 2004
Angina pectoris was first adequately described and named in 1772. However, coronary artery disease, as the cause, was noted in 1779. The pathology and clinical features of myocardial infarction were only recognized in 1912. The distinction between angina and infarction was clarified in the 1920s. Nitrate therapy remained the sole ...
Moreno Raúl - - 2004
AIMS: Patients with medically stabilized unstable angina and a negative stress echocardiogram have a favourable outcome as a whole. This study sought to identify which subsets of patients are associated with serious events at long-term within this population. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied and followed-up 128 patients (mean 2.2 +/- ...
Li Jian-Jun - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Unstable coronary syndromes are currently believed to be caused by rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque due to local events, which may be of general inflammatory etiology. There is increasing evidence that nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is a key transcription factor in controlling gene expression concerning inflammatory response, and that plasma ...
Bodegard J - - 2004
To determine whether men with possible angina (from their responses to the World Health Organization angina questionnaire) but a normal exercise ECG differ in long term rates of coronary heart disease events from men with no symptoms of angina. During 1972-75, 2014 apparently healthy men aged 40-59 years underwent an ...
Neri Serneri Gian Gastone - - 2004
Angiotensin (Ang) II is now recognized to be a mediator of a wide variety of inflammatory processes. This study investigated renin-angiotensin system (RAS) components and a number of inflammatory mediators in left ventricular biopsies from 2-vessel disease unstable angina (UA) (n=43) and stable angina (SA) (n=15) patients undergoing coronary bypass ...
Duseja Reena - - 2004
Correctly identifying and appropriately triaging patients who present to the ED with the broad range of symptoms suggestive of acute cardiac ischemia (ACI: unstable angina pectoris [UAP] and acute myocardial infarction [AMI]) remains one of the greatest challenges in EM. Although a number of diagnostic technologies have been described to ...
Marzilli Mario - - 2004
Chronic stable angina is the first manifestation of ischemic heart disease in one half of patients; in the United States, the annual incidence of angina in 213 of 1000 of the population is over 30 years of age. The morbidity associated with ischemic heart disease is considerable: each years millions ...
Romano S - - 2004
The role of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection in pathogenesis and prognostic stratification of patients with acute coronary syndromes is still unclear. However, a limitation of many studies is the evaluation of the long-term prognostic role of a sample obtained during the acute phase, whereas the assessment of the temporal trend of ...
Takaishi A - - 2004
The relationship between coronary flow reserve (CFR) and viability in the infarcted myocardium has not been fully clarified. We measured coronary blood flow velocity immediately after coronary intervention (with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty [PTCA] or stenting) in 38 patients with previous myocardial infarction and preserved viability and 48 with angina ...
Lemos Pedro A - - 2004
Recurrent angina after percutaneous or surgical coronary procedures may occur as a consequence of several potential causes, such as bypass graft failure, restenosis, or atherosclerotic disease progression. Repeat invasive procedures are frequently performed for patients with recurrent symptoms. Nevertheless, non-invasive pharmacological treatment to decrease disease progression or reduce anginal symptoms ...
Bonetti Piero O PO Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minn 55905, - - 2004
Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) is a valuable therapeutic option for patients with coronary artery disease and refractory angina. Although the exact mechanisms by which this technique exerts favorable effects remain unclear, improvement in endothelial function is considered a potential mechanism contributing to the clinical benefit associated with EECP. We describe ...
Psychari Stavroula N - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Preinfarction angina has been reported to limit infarct size, in a manner analogous to experimental preconditioning. However, other studies have reported inconsistent results. We aimed to investigate prospectively the role of preinfarction angina on infarct size and in hospital outcome. METHODS: Ninety-nine patients were divided into three groups according ...
Soejima Hirofumi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Connective tissue disease, which is an inflammatory condition represented by C-reactive protein (CRP), is a risk factor for ischemic heart disease. The aim of the present study was to examine if there is a relationship between connective tissue disease and coronary spastic angina, and whether the inflammatory condition was ...
Tziakas Dimitrios N - - 2004
There is increasing evidence that abnormal cytokine expression and increased metalloproteinase activity are implicated in the pathophysiology of acute coronary syndromes. This study investigates the serum profiles of representative metalloproteinases (MMP-1, -2, -9) and their tissue inhibitor (TIMP-1) in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) and unstable angina (UA) in relation ...
Vicario J - - 2004
PURPOSE: Based on our preclinic studies with autologous unfractionated bone marrow (AUBM) via coronary sinus with transitory occlusion, a clinic study in patients with chronic stable angina was designed. The objectives were to evaluate safety, tolerance and feasibility. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A multicenter prospective study with inclusion and exclusion criteria ...
Fichtlscherer Stephan - - 2004
In the past decade, the important role of inflammatory processes in the development and progression of atherosclerosis has been clearly established. Over the past two years, different circulating (inflammatory) biomarkers indicating the instability of atherosclerotic plaques have been identified. These new markers do not only serve as diagnostic tools for ...
Ishikawa Tetsunori - - 2004
C-reactive protein (CRP) mRNA was detected in coronary plaque. Plasma CRP levels across the coronary circulation were increased much more in patients with unstable angina pectoris and somewhat more in those with stable angina pectoris compared with controls whose coronary arteries were angiographically normal. Thus, CRP within coronary plaque might ...
Hemingway Harry - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although the prevalence of angina remains high, the importance of grading angina severity is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent to which angina severity is associated with angiographic findings, and the rate of revascularization, mortality and nonfatal myocardial infarction. METHODS: Prospective, population-based study with a 2.5-year follow-up of 2849 ...
Sakamoto Tomohiro - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Nicorandil is a hybrid-type anti-anginal drug that combines a K(ATP) channel opener and a nitric oxide donor. Recently the IONA study reported that nicorandil improves the prognosis of patients with stable angina pectoris. METHODS AND RESULTS: To examine the effects of nicorandil on endogenous fibrinolysis, plasma concentrations of tissue-type ...
Dunder Kristina - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Ischemic heart disease can vary substantially in its clinical presentation. Some patients have acute myocardial infarction (MI) without any previous signs of myocardial ischemia, whereas other patients may have stable angina pectoris for years without periods of acute unstability. This study compared baseline risk factors between subjects in whom ...
Kenji Kajiwara - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Tenascin-C (TNC) is an extracellular matrix glycoprotein that increases after inflammation and injury. In cultured cells TNC has been reported to markedly induce the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9, which stimulates collagen degradation in the fibrous cap of human atherosclerotic plaque. METHODS AND RESULTS: Immunohistochemical techniques were used to analyze ...
Tokac Mehmet - - 2004
Immune-mediated mechanisms are thought to play a key role in the development of coronary artery disease and its thrombotic complications. Preinfarction angina has been suggested to improve left ventricular function and short-term outcomes. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relation between the immune response and in-hospital ...
Sangareddi Venkatesan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Cardiovascular Society classification (CCSC) remains the standard for grading angina in patients with chronic stable angina. The utility value of this angina grading system in predicting the severity of coronary artery disease is not clear. AIM: We studied the relationship between the clinical angina grade and the ...
Hoshida Shiro - - 2004
A prospective study was conducted of the differences in clinical characteristics between patients with acute myocardial infarction and those with unstable angina pectoris admitted to hospitals in the South-Osaka district of Japan. Gender and smoking were identified as discriminant risk factors for the incidence of acute myocardial infarction in patients ...
Goldberg Robert J - - 2004
Relatively limited data are available, particularly from the perspective of a multinational registry, about the post-discharge outcomes and management practices of patients with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The objectives of this longitudinal study were to examine 6-month outcomes in a large multinational sample of patients hospitalized with an ACS. ...
Sezer Murat - - 2004
Preinfarction angina pectoris has been suggested in some studies to have a beneficial effect on left ventricular function after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The precise mechanisms of this protection have not been fully elucidated. The effect of preinfarction angina on myocardial tissue perfusion also needs to be clarified. In this ...
Ankersmit H J - - 2004
To investigate the expression of death inducing receptors in the sera of patients with stable and unstable angina. 80 consecutive patients with stable (n = 40) or unstable (n = 40) angina pectoris were studied. Serum concentrations of soluble CD95 (sCD95), soluble CD95 ligand (sCD95L; CD178), tumour necrosis factor (TNF) ...
Veenstra Marijke - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Few studies have focused on the association between the sociodemographic characteristics of a patient with the change in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) following invasive coronary procedures, and the results remain inconclusive. The objective of the present study was to measure the temporal changes in HRQOL of patients with ...
Miyamoto Shinzo - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: The fibrinolytic system has a major role as a defense mechanism against thrombus formation. Net fibrinolytic activity in plasma reflects the balance between tissue-type plasminogen activator and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI). PAI is the main factor determining overall fibrinolytic activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the effects of oral ...
Zairis Michael N - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown an incremental role of inflammation in late prognosis following coronary stenting (CS). In particular, high preprocedural levels of plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) have been related to increased hazard of late ischemic complications. Persistent Chlamydia pneumoniae (Cp) infection, detected by positive IgA anti-Cp titers, may be ...
Stejskal David - - 2003
Adiponectin is an adipocytes-produced protein and showing a number of antiatherogenic effects. Adiponectin seems to be extensively deposited in the intersticium of venous lesions of persons with myocardial infarction. It may exhibit antiatherogenic and reparative effects. A decreased adiponectin concentration may be a risk factor of the origin and complications ...
Grines Cindy - - 2003
Angiogenic gene therapy for stable angina is aimed at promoting new blood vessel formation in the heart, thus providing enhanced cardiac perfusion, symptom relief, increased exercise capacity, improved quality of life, and reduced risk of coronary events. Ad5FGF-4 is a replication-deficient serotype 5 adenovirus encoding the gene for fibroblast growth ...
Weetch Roger M - - 2003
Nurses in one coronary care unit were aware that patients who had experienced an episode of angina were not receiving the same amount of information about their condition as those who had had a myocardial infarction. This led to the development of a questionnaire to determine patient's satisfaction with the ...
- - 2003
Around 2 million people in the UK have angina pectoris and are therefore at high risk of severe coronary events such as myocardial infarction (MI) or sudden death. Conventional management of patients with stable angina includes glyceryl trinitrate, a beta-blocker, aspirin and a statin, with the aim of controlling symptoms ...
Hemingway Harry - - 2003
To investigate the prognosis of angina among people with and without diagnosis by a doctor and an abnormal cardiovascular test result. Prospective cohort study with a median follow up of 11 years. 20 civil service departments originally located in London. 10 308 civil servants aged 35-55 years at baseline. Recurrent ...
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