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Uchida Yasumi - - 2011
Angioscopy enables macroscopic pathological diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases from the inside. This imaging modality has been intensively directed to characterizing vulnerable coronary plaques. Scoring of plaque color was developed, and based on prospective studies; dark yellow or glistening yellow plaques were proposed as vulnerable ones. Colorimetry apparatus was developed to ...
Stavrakis Stavros - - 2011
Recanalization of an infarct-related artery does not predictably reflect tissue reperfusion. We examined the relationship between coronary blood flow (CBF) pattern during reperfusion and infarcted (IA) and no-reflow (NR) area in a porcine ischemia-reperfusion model. The mid-left anterior descending artery of 18 pigs was occluded for 1 h and reperfused for ...
Trucco Sara M - - 2011
In developing countries, congenital heart disease is often unrecognised, leading to serious morbidity and mortality. Guatemala is one of the few developing countries where expert paediatric cardiac treatment is available and affordable, and therefore early detection could significantly improve outcome. We assessed regional congenital heart disease detection rates in Guatemala, ...
Lau Dennis H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) may prevent the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the impact of these agents on the development of the AF substrate in heart failure (HF). METHODS: In this study, HF was induced by intracoronary ...
Al Halees Zohair - - 2011
Combining the Konno aortoventriculoplasty with the Ross procedure is being used increasingly for the management of infants and children with complex left-ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) associated with aortic valve disease and/or aortic annular hypoplasia. We have successfully used a modification of the technique, effectively relieving the LVOTO without creating ...
Poggio Rosana - - 2010
Peak VO2 has traditionally been used for prognostic evaluation in systolic heart failure. However, in the past years, VE/VCO2 slope has been shown to be similar or even superior in many studies. We performed a systematic review and a meta-analysis of diagnostic studies of VE/VCO2 slope to assess its ability ...
Zhao Libing - - 2010
This study examined the effect of ischemia-reperfusion injury on the expression of Pim-3 gene in myocardial tissues and their underlying mechanism. Rat models of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury were established by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery of the rats. A total of 30 SD male adult rats were randomly ...
Schwarz Martin - - 2010
The Targeted molecular therapy for preventing heart failure and sudden cardiac death discussion session, organized by the Biochemical Pharmacology Discussion Group of the New York Academy of Sciences and held in New York, included topics covering new research developments in the field of heart failure. This conference report highlights selected ...
Sugimoto Ai - - 2010
A 70-year-old woman without any previous history of heart disease was referred to our hospital for repeated chest discomfort. She had experienced temporary hemiparesis because of a cerebral infarction of unknown etiology. Clinical evaluations were all within normal limits except for echocardiography. There was a mobile tumor in her ascending ...
Singh Bramah N - - 2010
Although originally synthesized as an antianginal compound, amiodarone has emerged as an effective antiarrhythmic for both supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias. Over the decades, the properties, the effectiveness, the merits as well as the shortcomings of the compound have been well established. The major limitations of this agent are mainly due ...
Chafik Aziz - - 2010
We describe a rare case of retrosternal goiter that developed on the left side of the trachea, squeezing between the trachea and the left supra-aortic vessels, and causing signs of compression and acute left upper limb ischemia in a 35-year-old woman. Her symptoms disappeared after an emergency total thyroidectomy was ...
Piyayotai Dilok - - 2010
To study the results of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and in-hospital outcomes in cardiac catheterization laboratory, Thammasat University Hospital since May, 2006 until April, 2009. This is the prospective, single-center study. The consecutive patients who underwent PCI in Thammasat University Hospital since May 2006 to April 2009 were recruited in ...
Floris Nicolas - - 2010
We report the discovery at transthoracic echocardiography of a very large, sessile formation in the left atrium in a 77-year-old woman with permanent non-valvular atrial fibrillation who did not receive anticoagulant therapy. After six weeks of anticoagulation by subcutaneous low-molecular-weight heparin, a control echocardiogram demonstrated an almost complete resolution of ...
Kim Mi-Na - - 2010
Left ventricular (LV) pseudoaneurysms rarely occur, but are detected more often with the development of new diagnostic tools. Since LV pseudoaneurysms are life-threatening, early surgical intervention is recommended. This report describes an 87-year-old woman with heart failure and a large LV pseudoaneurysm which progressed from a small LV pseudoaneurysm after ...
Au Carol G - - 2011
Cardiomyopathy contributes to morbidity and mortality in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), a progressive muscle-wasting disorder. A major feature of the hearts of DMD patients and the mdx mouse model of the disease is cardiac fibrosis. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is involved in the fibrotic process in many organs. This ...
Duerr Georg D - - 2011
Myocardial infarction is associated with inflammatory reaction leading to tissue remodeling. We compared tissue remodeling between cryoinfarction (cMI) and reperfused myocardial infarction (MI) in order to better understand the local environment where we apply cell therapies. Models of closed-chest one-hour ischemia/reperfusion MI and cMI were used in C57/Bl6-mice. The reperfused ...
Politi Luigi - - 2010
During percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary perforation is one of the most feared life-threatening complications, as it may cause cardiac tamponade or acute myocardial infarction. The incidence of this serious complication in recent years has increased from 0.2 to 0.6%, most likely due to the increase of complex procedures. However, the ...
Mo Xiaoyan - - 2010
To investigate the protective effects, and the mechanisms involved, of an extract of the medicinal herb radix paeoniae rubra (PE) on cardiovascular disease, acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was induced by ligation of the left coronary artery in Sprague Dawley rats. Animals were randomly divided into six groups: control, sham-operated, AMI, ...
Rajapakse Anoja - - 2011
Carotid intervention in severe carotid stenosis after an anterior circulation ischemic event reduces the risk of further infarcts if the surgery is performed soon after the incident event. At present, there is no recommendation to differentiate among subtypes of anterior circulation infarcts or transient ischemic events. However, evidence is mounting ...
Thorburn K - - 2011
Previous studies have demonstrated the development of myocardial damage and hepatitis in children with severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. The aim of this study was to assess right ventricular function in children with severe RSV disease and to investigate an association with disease severity, myocardial damage, and hepatitis. This ...
Huang Dana - - 2010
To provide an overview of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF), as well as its pathophysiology, diagnosis, and clinical evidence regarding its pharmacologic management. Peer-reviewed articles were identified from MEDLINE, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, and Current Contents (all 1966-August 2010) using the search terms heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, ...
Verma S - - 2011
The cardiotoxicity of anthracyclines, trastuzumab and other agents is of special importance to adjuvant breast cancer patients whose life expectancy is restored to normal but who may be left with cardiac abnormalities that can present years later. We systematically reviewed the design of current trials (including adjuvant studies) on the ...
Balakumar Pitchai - - 2011
Fenofibrate is a third-generation fibric acid derivative employed clinically as a hypolipidemic agent to lessen the risk caused by atherosclerosis. Dyslipidemia is a condition associated with elevated levels of low-density lipoproteins (LDL), very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) and triglycerides, and reduced levels of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) in the circulation. Fenofibrate has ...
Dirven M J M - - 2010
Heart murmurs are caused by turbulent blood flow or by vibration of cardiac structures. Turbulent blood flow may originate from structural heart disease or from physiological phenomena. The aims of this study were to establish the cause of heart murmurs in apparently healthy adult cats and to determine whether a ...
Purushottam Bhaskar - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the occurrence of intra-left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony in obese versus nonobese subjects without known cardiac disease using Velocity Vector Imaging (VVI). One hundred ninety consecutive subjects with no known cardiac disease had their echocardiograms analyzed using VVI after excluding subjects with QRS ...
Lee Yi-Ching - - 2011
Glycogen storage disease type IV (GSD-IV) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by a deficiency in glycogen-branching enzyme (GBE1) activity that results in the accumulation of amylopectin-like polysaccharide, which presumably leads to osmotic swelling and cell death. This disease is extremely heterogeneous in terms of tissue involvement, age of onset ...
Wilson William - - 2011
We describe two cases of no reflow phenomenon in the setting of primary PCI for ST elevation myocardial infarction successfully managed with intracoronary vasodilator therapy via a Clearway™ balloon catheter, where vasodilator therapy via the guiding catheter had been ineffective. Traditionally, if not given via the guiding catheter, vasodilators have ...
Delgado-Almeida Antonio - - 2010
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality across the entire world. In effect, reversion of angina or improvement of ECG remains an unrealistic therapeutic option for most patients. Unfortunately, most research clinical trials in these patients have focused on coronary atherosclerosis, even decades after the ...
Soysal Dilek - - 2010
We aimed to assess the relationship between C-reactive protein (CRP) and the severity and diffusion of coronary artery lesions in patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP) and the independent association of CRP with this clinical situation. This cross-sectional, observational study included 50 patients. Classification by Braunwald was used for UAP. ...
Basso C - - 2010
Although sudden cardiac death is one of the most important mode of death in Western Countries, pathologists and public health physicians have not given this problem the attention it deserves. New methods of preventing potentially fatal arrhythmias have been developed and the accurate diagnosis of the causes of sudden cardiac ...
Saleem T S Mohamed - - 2010
Mortality and morbidity are still high in cardiovascular disease (CVD). Myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury leading to myocardial infarction is one of the most frequent causes of the death in humans. Atherosclerosis and generation of reactive oxygen species through oxidative stress is the major risk factor for CVD. From the literature ...
Yilmaz A - - 2010
This review aims at demonstrating current concepts for the occurrence of angina pectoris (AP) and myocardial ischemia in patients without significant epicardial stenoses based on typical clinical examples. For applying these concepts, it is of utmost importance to clinically distinguish patients with resting AP only from those with exercise-induced symptoms ...
Alonso-González Rafael - - 2010
Right ventricular dysfunction is not uncommon in adults with congenital heart disease. In congenital heart disease, unlike acquired heart disease, the right ventricle is not always the subpulmonary ventricle: it may support the systemic circulation as it does in patients with transposition complexes. The result is chronic right ventricular pressure ...
Dominguez-Rodriguez Alberto - - 2010
Our knowledge and understanding of the pathophysiology of coronary atherosclerosis has increased enormously over the last 20 years. Reperfusion through thrombolysis or percutaneous coronary angioplasty is the standard treatment for preventing acute myocardial infarction. Early reperfusion is an absolute prerequisite for survival of the ischemic myocardium, but reperfusion itself may ...
O'Rourke Robert A - - 2010
The classification of patients with angina pectoris into various subgroups, which clearly differ in risk based on the patient's characteristics, is difficult. Changes in pain threshold occur frequently. The variation in intensity of the "chest discomfort" makes the history and physical of limited value in making the diagnosis. It may ...
Samim Arang A Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, 444 South San Vicente Boulevard, Suite 600, Los Angeles, CA, 90048, - - 2010
Microvascular coronary dysfunction (MCD) is an increasingly recognized cause of cardiac ischemia and angina that is diagnosed more commonly in women. Patients with MCD present with the triad of persistent chest pain, ischemic changes on stress testing, and no obstructive coronary artery disease on cardiac catheterization. Data from the National ...
Lee Cheol Whan - - 2011
Background Little is known about hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase expression in human coronary atherosclerotic plaques. Objective To investigate the expression of HMG-CoA reductase in coronary atherectomy tissues obtained from patients with unstable and stable angina and examine the relationship of HMG-CoA with plaque instability. Methods Atherectomy specimens were obtained ...
Zha Yanping - - 2010
A recent study shows that ADAMTS4 is expressed in macrophage-rich areas of human atherosclerotic carotid plaques and coronary unstable plaques, suggesting a pathogenic role of ADAMTS4 in the development of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We investigated (a) whether the expression level of ADAMTS4 in plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells ...
Mello Ronaldo Peixoto de - - 2010
We report the association between heart disease associated with noncompaction of the left ventricular myocardium (NCLVM) and chronic Chagas' heart disease (CCHD) in a patient with heart failure, ischemic stroke and cardiac arrhythmia. Images typical of NCLVM and CCHD were documented by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI).
Nossaman Vaughn E - - 2010
The organic nitrite, amyl of nitrite, was initially used as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of angina pectoris, but was replaced over a decade later by the organic nitrate, nitroglycerin (NTG), due to the ease of administration and longer duration of action. The administration of organic nitrate esters, such ...
Toutouzas Konstantinos - - 2010
Although the therapeutic advantage of percutaneous coronary intervention in acute coronary syndromes have been proved in numerous studies, its position in the treatment of stable angina remains a controversial issue. The results of the recent studies did not lead into definite answers for the proper treatment of chronic coronary artery ...
Panduranga Prashanth - - 2010
A 60-year-old female presented with anterolateral non-ST elevation myocardial infarction and her coronary angiogram revealed severe left system coronary artery disease with a normal right coronary artery. Following coronary angiogram, she developed acute inferior wall and right ventricular ST elevation myocardial infarction with complete atrioventricular block and cardiogenic shock. Repeat ...
Shivakumarswamy Udasimath - - 2010
Mural endocardial lesions can be seen as MacCallum plaques in rheumatic heart disease. These plaques appear as map-like areas of thickened, roughened, and wrinkled part of the endocardium in the left atrium. Perhaps they are caused by regurgitant jets of blood flow, due to incompetence of the mitral valve. Although ...
Porto Italo - - 2010
A 63-year-old man with an unresectable multifocal hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) presented with upper abdominal discomfort, nausea and vomiting. We report a case of variant angina in a patient affected by unresectable HCC under chronic treatment with sorafenib. Spontaneous spasm occurred during cardiac catheterization and was revealed during coronary angiogram with ...
Cohen Mauricio G - - 2010
Refractory angina presents a major clinical challenge for everyday medical practice. Despite the widespread use of statins and improvements in revascularization techniques, a substantial proportion of patients with preserved left ventricular function and no life-threatening arrhythmias remain symptomatic, with severe debilitating angina. Because the rate of major cardiac events in ...
Blagonravov M L - - 2010
Numerous experiments on simulation of acute coronary failure in initially intact rabbits showed that under the same experimental conditions irreversible ventricular fibrillation developed in some animals and did not develop in other. We hypothesize that the probability of fibrillation development was determined by the time of the day, during which ...
Uchida Yasumi - - 2010
Myocardial tissue fluid flow (MTFF) directly represents the oxygen supply to the cardiomyocytes. Therefore, imaging of MTFF is carried out by fluorescence cardioscopy (FC).Sixty-six patients with coronary artery disease underwent FC using fluorescein as an indicator of MTFF because this dye exhibits fluorescence in tissue fluid but not in the ...
Failde Inmaculada - - 2010
The aim of the study was to determine the construct and criterion validity of the 12-item short-form questionnaire (SF-12) in coronary patients with either acute myocardial infarction or unstable angina in Spain. A total of 186 patients hospitalized with coronary heart disease have been studied. The construct validity has been ...
Attanasio Steve - - 2011
The optimal treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD) involves reducing the ischemic burden, lowering the risk of future adverse cardiac events, and relieving symptoms of angina pectoris. Medical and mechanical therapies have played a major role in reducing the morbidity and mortality associated with ischemic heart disease. Despite the success ...
Szucs Endre - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The body surface potential mapping (BSPM) method is sensitive in detecting minor electrical potential abnormalities, but its diagnostic value is unclear in detection and localization of significant coronary artery lesion (CAL) in patients after angina pectoris and without ischemic electrocardiogram abnormalities at the time of the BSPM record. METHODS ...
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