Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1630
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Noronha Brian - - 2003
Coronary artery disease remains one of the principal causes of disability worldwide. Its most common manifestation is angina pectoris. Angina occurs due to an imbalance between myocardial oxygen demand and supply; it is classically precipitated by physical activity, emotion, eating, or cold weather. It is defined as stable when its ...
Schwartz Robert S - - 2003
The concept of the vulnerable patient has arrived. Enhanced diagnostic methods will eventually permit accurately finding and treating these patients and their disease. Clinical Cardiologists now recognize that coronary atherosclerosis is two pathophysiologically distinct syndromes: stable and unstable. Stable coronary syndromes result from fixed, severe stenoses limiting blood flow and ...
Jain A - - 2003
Ischaemic heart disease may present as a wide variety of clinical entities including unstable or stable angina pectoris, acute myocardial infarction, and occasionally heart failure. Chronic stable angina is a common condition and results in a considerable burden for both the individual and society. The goals in management are (i) ...
Zuk-PopioĊ‚ek Izabela - - 2003
BACKGROUND: It has been documented that an elevated endothelin-1 (ET-1) plasma concentration is associated with an increased risk of serious coronary events and the presence of angiographically documented coronary artery disease (CAD). The results of a few studies which examined ET-1 plasma level in patients with stable or unstable angina, ...
Lin Chin An - - 2003
This study observed the relationship between air pollutants and ischemic cardiac diseases such as angina and acute myocardial infarction in a representative cardiovascular center emergency room in São Paulo, Brazil. Daily emergency room admissions to the Institute of the Heart of the University of São Paulo, as well as data ...
Hong Myeong-Ki - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Retrospective intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) studies showed that positive remodeling of coronary artery was associated with unstable clinical presentation. However, no prospective IVUS study has been performed to demonstrate such relationship. The relationship between C-reactive protein (CRP) and coronary artery remodeling is unknown. HYPOTHESIS: Positive remodeling might be related with ...
Conti C Richard - - 2003
During myocardial ischemia, fatty acids are the principal source of energy, increasing myocardial oxygen consumption and making a decrease in coronary blood flow less well tolerated. Increasing glucose oxidation during myocardial ischemia may improve cardiac efficiency. The pFOX inhibitors have the potential to accomplish this. In 2003, I think we ...
Bernard Virginie - - 2003
Since the inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) may play a major role in the pathophysiology of acute coronary syndromes, 299 consecutive male patients hospitalized for coronary artery disease (i.e., lumen lost > or = 50%) were genotyped for the functional -308G/A TNF-alpha polymorphism using restriction fragment length polymorphism method, ...
Kurisu Satoshi - - 2003
A 67-year-old man, who was previously diagnosed with vasospastic angina and treated with standard therapy, was admitted to our hospital because of recurrent chest pain refractory to sublingual nitroglycerin. Admission electrocardiography revealed ST segment elevation in II, III and aV(F), and his symptoms were relieved by intravenous bolus administration of ...
Malý M - - 2003
The tissue factor plays a crucial role in initiating blood coagulation after plaque rupture in patients with acute coronary syndrome. It is abundant in atherosclerotic plaques. Moreover, P-selectin, some cytokines, endotoxin and immune complexes can stimulate monocytes and induce the tissue factor expression on their surface. The aim of the ...
Wacker Annette - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Angina pectoris, arrhythmic sudden death and myocardial infarction, all these cardiac events have occasionally been reported during 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) chemotherapy. Underlying mechanisms leading to these events are unknown; damage to the myocytes or vasospasms have been discussed. METHODS: 102 consecutive and unselected patients were monitored with 12-lead ECG, echocardiography ...
Jessurun G A J - - 2003
At present, there is no reliable antianginal drug therapy for patients with cardiac syndrome X. Therefore, the effect of electrical neuromodulation on refractory angina pectoris and myocardial perfusion in cardiac syndrome X was assessed. Eight patients (aged 55+/-7 years) with heterogeneous myocardial perfusion and no esophageal abnormalities were included. The ...
Phillips T Grant - - 2002
Conservative treatment was nearly as effective as immediate catheterization and surgical intervention in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome. No difference was noted in the risk of death or myocardial infarction in either group. Patients were less likely to experience refractory angina when evaluated at 4 months and after 1 ...
Sheridan P J - - 2002
Within the coronary vasculature the progression of a stable atherosclerotic plaque into a vulnerable and ultimately unstable lesion leads to a cascade of events culminating in the clinical presentation of unstable angina or acute myocardial infarction. In recent years studies have provided new insights in to the pathology and natural ...
Futterman Laurie G - - 2002
A high level of anger has a powerful effect on the incidence of preventable cardiovascular death. Persuasive clinical evidence indicates that anger evokes physiological responses that are potentially life-threatening in the setting of CAD. Finally, emotional stress, anger, or worry have a dominant influence on the severity, frequency, and treatment ...
Colonna Paolo - - 2002
BACKGROUND: After acute myocardial infarction, the presence of ischemic preconditioning as a result of preinfarction angina has a protective role, limiting necrosis extent and guaranteeing greater myocardial functional recovery. The relationship between preinfarction angina, microvascular reflow, and myocardial function is poorly known. We hypothesized that after acute myocardial infarction patients ...
Patti Giuseppe - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Increased plasma levels of acute phase reactants are correlated with acute coronary syndromes and increased risk of in-hospital events. Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) modulates the activity of IL-1, a cytokine associated with inflammatory response; we have prospectively investigated whether detection of increased levels of IL-1Ra in patients may be ...
Fox K A A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines suggest that, for patients at moderate risk of death from unstable coronary-artery disease, either an interventional strategy (angiography followed by revascularisation) or a conservative strategy (ischaemia-driven or symptom-driven angiography) is appropriate. We aimed to test the hypothesis that an interventional strategy is better than a conservative strategy ...
Stone Adam F M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Infection with Helicobacter pylori and Chlamydia pneumoniae is associated with coronary heart disease. We conducted an intervention study using antibiotics against these bacteria in patients with acute coronary syndromes to determine whether antibiotics reduce inflammatory markers and adverse cardiac events. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients (n=325) admitted with acute myocardial ...
Carasso Shemy - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Patients referred for elective coronary arteriography because of stable angina pectoris frequently do not receive appropriate medical therapy prior to arteriography. Persistence of symptoms due to lack of appropriate therapy may influence the decision to catheterize and the treatment chosen following catheterization. HYPOTHESIS: The present study evaluates whether patients ...
Romuk E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Alterations of the immune system are now believed to play crucial role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was analysis of soluble forms of selectin-P and interleukin-8 levels in patients with different form of coronary heart disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the study took part ...
Camera L - - 2002
A 58-year-old-man with unstable angina developed a violent retrosternal and interscapular pain during coronary angiography with no associated ECG abnormalities. The patient was immediately submitted to transesophageal echocardiography, which revealed an echo-free space behind the ascending aorta thought to be consistent with an aortic dissection. To confirm this finding the ...
Steg Philippe Gabriel - - 2002
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) represents a heterogenous spectrum of conditions. The Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) describes the epidemiology, management, and outcomes of patients with ACS. Data were collected from 11,543 patients enrolled in 14 countries. Of these patients, 30% had ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), 25% had ...
Miani Daniela - - 2002
The present case report refers to a 65-year-old male patient with subocclusion of the right coronary artery who had an inferior myocardial infarction that was treated with coronary angioplasty. The patient subsequently developed intractable angina pectoris in the absence of critical coronary stenosis at serial coronary angiography. Doppler wire velocity ...
Spertus John A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although patient-reported health status measures have been used as end points in clinical trials, they are rarely used in other settings. Demonstrating that they independently predict mortality and hospitalizations among outpatients with coronary disease could emphasize their clinical value. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study evaluated the prognostic utility of ...
Chang W-C - - 2002
AIMS: To evaluate the differential effects of eptifibatide therapy on unstable angina vs non-ST elevation myocardial infarction at enrollment, since the separate impact on these two major diagnostic subsets of acute coronary syndrome patients has not been fully investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the 9461 patients in the PURSUIT ...
Mourad D - - 2002
A 70-year-old woman presented with unstable angina following a myocardial infarction. At cardiac catheterisation she had inferoapical dyskinesia, blocked right and circumflex arteries and an 80% stenosis of the left anterior descending artery. When free of angina, the ECG showed a Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) pattern consistent with a posterior free wall ...
Cusack Michael R - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether the source of the acute phase response in unstable angina (UA) lay within the culprit coronary plaque or distal myocardium. BACKGROUND: An inflammatory response is an important component of the acute coronary syndromes. However, its origin and mechanism remain unclear. METHODS: In 94 stable patients undergoing ...
de Feyter P J - - 2002
Earlier reports have shown that the outcome of balloon angioplasty or bypass surgery in unstable angina is less favorable than in stable angina. Recent improvements in percutaneous treatment (stent implantation) and bypass surgery (arterial grafts) warrant reevaluation of the relative merits of either technique in treatment of unstable angina. Methods ...
Aaberge Lars - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were to assess late clinical outcome and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) after transmyocardial revascularization with CO(2) laser (TMR). BACKGROUND: During the 1990s TMR emerged as a treatment option for patients with refractory angina not eligible for conventional revascularization. Few reports exist on clinical ...
Stone Gregg W - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous transmyocardial revascularization (PTMR) in patients with refractory angina caused by one or more chronic total occlusions (CTOs) of a native coronary artery. BACKGROUND: Previous unblinded, randomized trials of PTMR in patients with end-stage coronary artery disease and refractory angina ...
Nikolaidis Lazaros A - - 2002
A series of eight patients admitted to a single-centre coronary care unit over a two-year period is described. All of the patients presented with an acute coronary syndrome within less than 48 h from the onset of an allergic reaction (six patients), or during an acute asthmatic paroxysm (two patients). ...
Veselka Josef - - 2002
BACKGROUND: C-reactive protein (CRP) level is a sensitive marker of inflammation and a probable predictor of cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the presence and the extent of coronary atherosclerosis and CRP level in patients referred for coronary angiography for stable angina pectoris ...
Hasebe Naoyuki - - 2002
The existence of the J-curve in hypertension treatment remains controversial. The major question is whether the increase in mortality from coronary disease is induced by the lowering of blood pressure (BP) or by the severity of underlying coronary artery disease. We recruited patients with a history of hypertension (systolic BP ...
Ikeda Uichi - - 2002
The designation of atherosclerosis as a chronic inflammatory process represents an exciting and logical paradigm shift for cardiologists. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) plays an important role in the recruitment and activation of monocytes and thus in the development of atherosclerosis. Enhanced MCP-1 expression has been detected in macrophages, endothelial cells, ...
Loukas Marios - - 2002
BACKGROUND: This study presents a systematic analysis of atherothrombotic lesions taken by percutaneous atherectomy and post mortem examination from coronary arteries, in order to identify: a) the topographic occurrence of fibrinogen and smooth muscle cells (SMCs), b) their independent expression in stable and unstable plaques, and c) their co-expression, which ...
Stys Tomasz P - - 2002
Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) is an effective noninvasive treatment for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). EECP has been demonstrated to improve anginal class and time to ST-segment depression during exercise stress testing. This study assesses the efficacy of EECP in improving stress-induced myocardial ischemia using radionuclide perfusion treadmill stress ...
Campeau Lucien - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) grading of angina pectoris was described in the medical literature in 1976. OBJECTIVES: To describe the origin of this grading, its worldwide acceptance, critiques, perceived limitations and alternative systems. METHODS: The present author, who chaired the CCS ad hoc committee that developed this grading ...
Lockowandt Ulf - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the plasma and pericardial levels of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and its precursor big endothelin-1 (Big ET-1) in patients with unstable and stable angina prior to and following coronary bypass surgery. To further investigate the content of ET-1, tissue levels were studied in ...
Kurono Y - - 2002
The Neiguan acupuncture point (EH-6) of the heart meridian is often used for circulatory disorders. To clarify this effect, we measured coronary diameters in patients with angina pectoris following acupuncture stimulation using cardioangiography. Two kinds of acupuncture stimulation, the leaving needle (LN) and the sparrow pecking method (SPM), were employed ...
Tanne David - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ischemic stroke and coronary heart disease (CHD) share risk factors and pathogenic process, ie, atherosclerosis and thrombosis. We examined the relationship between severity of angina pectoris and its accompanying characteristics and the risk of incident ischemic stroke. METHODS: We traced 3122 patients with stable CHD, included in ...
Goldberg Robert J - - 2002
Patient-associated delay in seeking medical care in persons with acute coronary disease is receiving increasing importance given the time-dependent benefits associated with myocardial reperfusion therapies. We examined the extent of concordance between self-reported information about prehospital delay provided by patients to hospital staff at the time of hospitalization for coronary ...
Kawano H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: An abundance of ovarian hormones is assumed to be a major contributor to the low incidence of ischemic heart disease in premenopausal women. However, the effects of ovarian hormones remain undetermined. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the variation in ovarian hormone levels throughout a menstrual cycle affects myocardial ischemia in ...
Akdemir I - - 2001
A 70-year-old woman with giant hiatal hernia presented with stable angina pectoris and three syncope attacks in the previous 3 months. Chest radiography showed marked cardiomegaly and an air-fluid level at the basal region of the heart. A mixed type large hiatal hernia that distorted the heart was detected in ...
Sekaran N K - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Because time to presentation to the hospital affects time to treatment and is known to be important in acute myocardial infarction, we evaluated this variable in patients with unstable angina/non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (UA/NSTEMI). Among 2909 consecutive patients with UA/NSTEMI admitted to 35 hospitals in 6 ...
Garlichs C D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether CD40L/CD154 on platelets and soluble CD40L/CD154 may play a role in the inflammatory process of acute coronary syndromes. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational study in a university hospital. PATIENTS: 15 patients with acute myocardial infarction, 25 patients with unstable angina, 15 patients with stable angina, and 12 ...
Lerman A - - 2001
This paper aims to demonstrate that there is currently sufficient evidence to suggest that endothelin-1 (ET-1) may play a role in angina and be associated with myocardial ischaemia. In order to demonstrate the potential role of ET-1 in angina, this paper examines three main factors: (i) that endothelin-1 can cause ...
Mathew V - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The role of early coronary angiography in the evaluation of patients with unstable angina has been controversial. This study was designed to determine the effect of early coronary angiography on long-term survival in patients with unstable angina. METHODS: We reviewed the Olmsted County Acute Chest Pain Database, a population-based ...
Patel D J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To establish why recurrent myocardial ischaemia predicts adverse outcome in patients with refractory unstable angina on maximal medical treatment. DESIGN: Prospective observational study in 101 patients with refractory unstable angina who underwent continuous ST-segment monitoring and kept detailed pain charts prior to cardiac catheterization. Setting Tertiary referral centre. RESULTS: ...
Shindo J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Although increased tissue factor expression is known in vulnerable plaques, there is no reported study to compare plaque fibrinolysis in stable and unstable plaques. This study investigates the extent of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and apolipoprotein (a) [apo(a)] in the plaques of different types of coronary artery disease as ...
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