Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1386
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Cox David E - - 2005
Nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) is a well-recognized side effect during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE). This study sought to evaluate the prognostic implications of NSVT during DSE on 1,266 consecutive dobutamine stress echocardiograms performed over 1 year. NSVT, defined as > or =3 consecutive ventricular premature beats, occurred in 65 of ...
Biagini Elena - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to assess the functional and prognostic significance of left anterior hemiblock (LAHB) in patients with no history of myocardial infarction referred for dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE). BACKGROUND: The significance of isolated LAHB in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) is unclear. METHODS: We studied ...
Mahenthiran Jo - - 2005
Stress electrocardiographic (ECG) ST-segment depression is a prognostic marker of adverse cardiac outcomes in coronary artery disease. However, use of concurrent stress echocardiography (ECHO) has lead to concordant and discordant findings on stress electrocardiogram during stress studies. The prognostic value of stress ECHO in the setting of these stress ECG ...
Biagini Elena - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Stress echocardiography has a high accuracy for the detection of coronary artery disease. Additionally, it provides clinically useful prognostic information, such as resting left ventricular function, myocardial viability, stress-induced ischemia, vascular extent of wall motion abnormalities, and changes in end-systolic volume and ejection fraction with stress. RECENT ...
Tsutsui Jeane M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Myocardial perfusion (MP) imaging with real-time contrast echocardiography (RTCE) improves the sensitivity of dobutamine stress echocardiography for detecting coronary artery disease. Its prognostic value is unknown. We sought to determine the value of MP and wall motion (WM) analysis during dobutamine stress echocardiography in predicting the outcome of patients ...
Xie Feng - - 2005
In a pilot study of 27 patients, those who presented with chest pain underwent 2 dobutamine stress echocardiographic studies, 1 with high mechanical index harmonic imaging to analyze wall motion without contrast and 1 with real-time low mechanical index perfusion imaging with intravenous Optison to assess myocardial perfusion and wall ...
Wei Kevin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that autoregulatory changes in arteriolar blood volume (aBV) that develop distal to a stenosis can be measured with myocardial contrast echocardiography, allowing coronary stenosis detection at rest without recourse to stress. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with varying degrees of coronary artery stenosis on quantitative angiography underwent high-mechanical-index ...
Schneider Carsten - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) is an established method for the detection of viable myocardium, but evaluation of this method is subjective. Tissue velocity Imaging (TVI) allows quantitative analysis of regional myocardial wall motion by assessment of systolic myocardial velocities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic ...
Pedone Chiara - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE), using subjective wall motion scoring, provides incremental prognostic information over clinical data. The aim of the study was to test the additional prognostic value of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) changes during DSE at different stages. METHODS: The study population comprised 106 consecutive patients (mean ...
Barai S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Patients with recent myocardial infarction frequently require a myocardial perfusion study for risk stratification. However a conclusive study cannot be accomplished in many due to non-attainment of target heart rate. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the effect of pre-stress administration of atropine in exercise performance of patients with ...
Casolo Giancarlo - - 2005
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is becoming a widespread diagnostic tool available to cardiologists to image different cardiovascular diseases. Among the main applications CMR has proven to be useful in the evaluation of patients with coronary artery disease. Particularly important seems the evaluation of coronary artery disease patients with left ventricular ...
Panovský Roman - - 2005
AIM: The aim of this study has been to compare acoustic densitometry and dobutamine echocardiography for an assessment of myocardial viability. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-four patients with coronary artery disease and dysfunctional myocardial segments, who were referred for myocardial revascularization, underwent a viability assessment using low-dose dobutamine echocardiography and acoustic ...
Carasso Shemy - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To describe the incidence of atrial fibrillation induced by dobutamine stress echocardiography and characterize patients at risk of developing atrial fibrillation, by constructing a simple validated risk score index. DESIGN: An observational study using prospectively collected data. METHODS: 3800 consecutive patients in sinus rhythm undergoing dobutamine stress echocardiography were ...
Baldini Umberto - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Dipyridamole stress echo (DSE) positivity is usually titrated according to presence and severity of the induced wall motion abnormalities. The purpose of our study is to assess whether the location of DSE positivity might add to prognostic stratification. METHODS: The study enrolled 112 patients with known or suspected coronary ...
Serra Viviana - - 2005
Microvascular integrity demonstrated by myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) predicts functional recovery after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Recently, parametric imaging-based quantitative MCE has been developed. Our aim was to assess the usefulness of parametric imaging-based quantitative MCE parameters to predict the functional recovery of akinetic segments after primary percutaneous transluminal ...
Miyasaka Yoko - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Tissue Doppler imaging-derived systolic myocardial velocity can detect subtle alterations in contractility during dobutamine stress. However, increased cardiac translation and tethering during dobutamine stress may affect measurements. METHODS: To examine the hypothesis that regional ischemic myocardium can be sensitively detected during dobutamine stress using myocardial strain rate, a new ...
Bigi Riccardo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Echocardiography and myocardial scintigraphy associated with dobutamine stress are used for assessing risk in coronary artery disease. We compared the accuracy of the two modalities applied simultaneously for predicting long-term cardiac mortality in normotensive and hypertensive patients. METHODS: Three hundred and fifty-one consecutive patients underwent dobutamine stress with simultaneous ...
Hacker Marcus - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The long-term outcome after heart transplantation (HTx) is essentially influenced by the occurrence and extent of cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV). Single photon emission computed tomography-myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI) has been shown to be a useful and cost-effective non-invasive method in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease, but ...
Tsutsui Jeane M - - 2005
Both early stress testing and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) measurements are useful in assessing the prognosis of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We sought to determine the accuracy and prognostic value of wall motion analysis (WMA) and myocardial perfusion analysis (MPA) with real-time myocardial contrast echocardiography (RTMCE) during dobutamine ...
Dagdelen Sinan - - 2005
Coronary fractional flow reserve (FFR) as an invasive, and dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) as a noninvasive technique were used to detect critical coronary stenosis. This study was undertaken to assess correlation between these two techniques by using tissue Doppler, strain rate (SR), and strain imaging (S). METHODS: In 17 patients ...
Bacon Simon L - - 2006
Episodes of psychological and physical stress may elicit thrombotic cardiac events, such as myocardial infarction. These events are triggered when there are concurrent hemodynamic, hemostatic, and endothelial abnormalities. Hemodynamic, hemostatic, and endothelial reactions of 72 (15 women, 57 men) coronary artery disease patients to psychological and physical stress were examined. ...
Armstrong William F - - 2005
Stress echocardiography is commonly employed for the clinical management of known or suspected coronary artery disease. This review discusses the accuracy of the technique, which is equivalent to that of competing imaging techniques, as well as its overall role in patient management. The utilization of stress echocardiographic modalities in clinical ...
Findlay J Y - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The appropriate method of screening for coronary artery disease in patients who present for liver transplantation is currently uncertain. METHODS: We assessed the utility of a screening protocol using dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in 119 patients who underwent liver transplantation. Patients with cardiac risk factors had DSE performed, and ...
Bhatheja Rohit - - 2005
Although it is well established that a blunted chronotropic response to exercise is associated with a higher risk of death, recent data suggest a similar association between mortality risk and blunted heart rate response to vasodilatory stress. We investigated the heart rate response to dipyridamole-induced stress as a predictor of ...
Christen Stephan - - 2005
Oxidative stress seems to contribute to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)-related postoperative complications. Pediatric patients are particularly prone to these complications. With this in mind, we measured oxidative stress markers in blood plasma of 20 children undergoing elective heart surgery before, during, and up to 48 h after cessation of CPB, along ...
Lane Richard D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Emotional stress is well established as a trigger of sudden death in the context of coronary heart disease (CHD), but its role in patients experiencing cardiac arrest with apparently normal hearts is unknown. This study sought to determine the role of psychosocial stress as a precipitant of cardiac arrest ...
Erhard I - - 2005
Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is a new but well established parameter for the hemodynamic evaluation of coronary stenoses. A FFR below 0.75 was validated as functionally significant in coronary one or two vessel disease. This study was designed to prospectively define the best FFR cut off value (BCV) in patients ...
Bart Bradley A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Patients referred for stress echocardiography may differ significantly from those referred for stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). Such differences, if present, should be considered when comparing the accuracy and discriminatory performance of these tests. METHODS: We prospectively collected demographic and clinical information on all stress imaging studies performed at ...
Zaglavara T - - 2005
To assess the diagnostic accuracy of baseline diastolic wall thickness (DWT) alone and as an adjunct to dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) for prediction of myocardial viability in patients with ischaemic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, with the recovery of resting function after revascularisation as the yardstick. 24 patients with ischaemic LV ...
Pedone Chiara - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study assessed the incremental value of dobutamine stress ( 99m)Tc-tetrofosmin single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) for the prediction of cardiac events in diabetic patients with limited exercise capacity. METHODS: The study population comprised 125 consecutive diabetic patients (mean age 61+/-9 years, 61% men) who were unable to perform ...
Tsutsui Jeane M - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the safety of dobutamine stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) obtained by real-time contrast echocardiography (RTCE) and intravenous ultrasound contrast in a large cohort of patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing number of studies showing the potential ...
Rizzello V - - 2006
To evaluate the relative merits of viability and ischaemia for prognosis after revascularisation. Low-high dose dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) was performed before revascularisation in 128 consecutive patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy (mean (SD) left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) 31 (8)%). Viability (defined as contractile reserve (CR)) and ischaemia were assessed during ...
Hoffmann Rainer - - 2005
Analysis of diastolic function for assessment of myocardial viability has not been evaluated. Strain rate (SR) analysis allows quantitative segmental analysis of myocardial function and has been used during dobutamine stimulation for assessment of systolic functional reserve. In 37 patients with ischemic left ventricular dysfunction diastolic function was evaluated at ...
Karvounis Haralampos I - - 2005
Right ventricular (RV) infarction (RVI) is usually associated with severe RV global dysfunction representing predominantly stunned myocardium that may respond favorably to reperfusion. We assessed the efficacy of low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE), performed early in the course of a reperfused RVI, to predict the recovery of RV systolic and ...
Senior R - - 2005
Stress echocardiography today has matured into a robust and reliable technique not only for the diagnosis of suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) but also for the accurate risk stratification of patients with suspected and established CAD. This is mainly because of rapid advances in image acquisition, digital display, and the ...
Nanas John N - - 2005
Thirty-six consecutive patients in New York Heart Association functional class IV, who were resistant to 24-hour continuous dobutamine infusion, were treated with continuous infusions of dobutamine 10 microg/kg/min for > or =48 hours (group I, n = 18), followed by weekly intermittent 8-hour infusions or more often if needed. In ...
Davis L - - 2005
The intrauterine environment plays a powerful role in determining the life-long risk of cardiovascular disease. A number of stressors are well known to affect the development of the cardiovascular system in utero including over/under maternal nutrition, excess glucocorticoid and chronic hypoxia. Chronic fetal anaemia in sheep is a complex stressor ...
Yang Xiaoping - - 2005
Senescence is associated with enhanced risk of cardio-vascular diseases. It is generally considered that decline in growth hormones (such as insulin-like growth factor I), intrinsic myocardial and endothelial functions, as well as accumulation of reactive oxygen species with increased age may contribute to cardiovascular senescence. It is believed that heart ...
Huang Lei - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of levosimendan, a nonadrenergic inotropic calcium sensitizer, in comparison with adrenergic dobutamine for the management of postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction following resuscitation from prolonged cardiac arrest. DESIGN: Randomized prospective animal study. SETTING: Animal research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Male Yorkshire-cross domestic pigs INTERVENTIONS: Ventricular fibrillation was induced in ...
Wong Brenda L Y - - 2005
Cardiomyopathy is a leading cause of death in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Congestive heart failure is often sub-clinical and unrecognized as a result of the severe physical limitations of this patient population. We report the case of a 16-year-old boy with Duchenne muscular dystrophy who demonstrated normal left ventricular ...
Roos A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hypothyroidism is regarded as a risk factor for coronary artery disease. Possible factors involved in this association are hyperlipidaemia and hypertension, both occurring with increased frequency in hypothyroid patients. The aim of our study was to evaluate signs/symptoms of cardiac ischaemia in untreated hypothyroid patients without angina pectoris, since ...
Janssen Caroline H C - - 2005
The aim of this study was to determine whether a coronary artery calcium (CAC) score of less than 11 can reliably rule out myocardial ischemia detected by dobutamine cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in patients suspected of having myocardial ischemia. In 114 of 136 consecutive patients clinically suspected of myocardial ...
Wittstein Ilan S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Reversible left ventricular dysfunction precipitated by emotional stress has been reported, but the mechanism remains unknown. METHODS: We evaluated 19 patients who presented with left ventricular dysfunction after sudden emotional stress. All patients underwent coronary angiography and serial echocardiography; five underwent endomyocardial biopsy. Plasma catecholamine levels in 13 patients ...
Modine Thomas - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Dobutamine is commonly used to improve ventricular performance in cardiac surgery. The aim of this prospective randomised controlled study was to assess the effectiveness of using low doses of dobutamine during off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery in order to reduce haemodynamic compromise due to heart displacement. METHODS: Thirty-two ...
Kuijpers Dirkjan - - 2005
Dobutamine-stress cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is a new diagnostic tool for the non-invasive detection of coronary artery disease. Technological advances in CMR have evolved this technique to an adequate alternative to the standard cardiac stress tests. Its high reproducibility and excellent image quality of the anatomical features of the left ...
Paetsch Ingo - - 2005
High-dose dobutamine magnetic resonance stress testing has been shown to be superior to dobutamine stress echocardiography for diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD). We determined the feasibility of quantitative myocardial tagging during low- and high-dose dobutamine stress and tested the ability of global systolic and diastolic quantitative parameters to identify ...
Frimm Clovis de Carvalho Cde - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiologic role of coronary reserve impairment in hypertensive cardiac dysfunction is still debated. Previously, we demonstrated that satisfactory coronary vasodilatation may coexist with ventricular systolic dysfunction. It is conceivable that coronary reserve might otherwise be inappropriate for enhanced myocardial oxygen demand and may thus affect cardiac performance negatively. ...
Kagawa Norio - - 2005
Stress pretreatments protect myocardium from ischemic injury. We hypothesized that tetracycline, an antibiotic, may induce a stress response via the inhibition of mitochondrial translation as it induces the cold stress response by translational inhibition in E. coli. If so, tetracycline may protect myocardium from ischemic injury as stress pretreatments do. ...
Möller Jette - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Recent changes in labour market conditions and in the organisation of work in developed societies have increased exposure to work related stress. The question is whether this also implies an increased risk of myocardial infarction, either through the triggering effect of acute stress, or through accumulation of stress ...
Neskovic Aleksandar N - - 2005
A number of studies have suggested that stress-echocardiography may be used for prognostic stratification in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. There is no consensus on which protocol or which measurements of left ventricular contractile reserve to use. The most frequently used protocol is low-dose dobutamine stress-echocardiography, and most commonly used ...
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