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Almeida Ana - - 2008
A 66-year-old female presented with symptoms and signs of acute myocardial infarction after an episode of intense emotional stress. A coronary angiogram revealed coronary arteries without significant lesions, and hyperkinetic basal and apical segments with an akinetic mid-ventricular segment on the ventriculogram. Ten days after discharge, she underwent a cardiac ...
Tomlinson David R - - 2008
Detecting viable myocardium, whether hibernating or stunned, is of clinical significance in patients with coronary artery disease and left ventricular dysfunction. Echocardiographic assessments of myocardial thickening and endocardial excursion during dobutamine infusion provide a highly specific marker for myocardial viability, but with relatively less sensitivity. The additional modalities of myocardial ...
Bandettini W P - - 2008
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is an evolving technology with growing indications within the clinical cardiology setting. This review article summarises the current clinical applications of CMR. The focus is on the use of CMR in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease with summaries of validation literature in CMR viability, myocardial ...
Jurcut Ruxandra - - 2008
With new anticancer therapies, many patients can have a long life expectancy. Treatment-related comorbidities become an issue for cancer survivors. Cardiac toxicity remains an important side effect of anticancer therapies. Myocardial dysfunction can become apparent early or long after end of therapy and may be irreversible. Detection of cardiac injury ...
Artukoglu Feyzi - - 2008
We present a case of stress-induced myocardial stunning, also known as Tako-Tsubo syndrome, in an anaesthetised patient undergoing arthroscopic replacement of the cruciate ligament. The patient's (44 y male, ASA class II) had a history of hypertension with no other known disease. He underwent a femoral nerve block with 20 ...
Silberbauer John - - 2008
A 75-year-old woman presented with left ventricular apical ballooning syndrome mimicking acute anterior myocardial infarction. She had a long history of chest tightness and was undergoing a contrast stress echocardiogram because of frequent re-admissions with chest pain, all with normal ECGs and troponins. A standard dobutamine/atropine protocol had been used. ...
Armstrong William F - - 2008
Stress echocardiography was initially developed in 1979 and has seen substantial success in the evaluation of patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease. It has proven applicable to clinical questions of diagnosis, prognosis and follow-up. It has been heavily dependent on technologic advancements, initially digital capturing for side-by-side visualization ...
Mladenović Zorica - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIM: Prognosis after acute myocardial infarction (AIM) depends on the extent of irreversibly damaged myocardium and viable tissue due to stunning or hibernation. The aim of the study was to assess the prognostic significance of early echocardiographic parameters of myocardial viability in prediction of late recovery of regional and global ...
Srivastava Ajay V - - 2008
BACKGROUND: African Americans (AA) have higher rates of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality than Caucasians (CA). Despite its excellent negative predictive value, the influence of race on the prognostic implications of negative dobutamine echocardiography in predicting major cardiac problems is largely unknown. METHODS: We studied 387 AA and 340 CA patients ...
Kelle S - - 2008
PURPOSE: The assessment of inducible wall motion abnormalities during high-dose dobutamine-stress cardiovascular magnetic resonance (DCMR) is well established for the identification of myocardial ischemia at 1.5 Tesla. Its feasibility at higher field strengths has not been reported. The present study was performed to prospectively determine the feasibility and diagnostic accuracy ...
Park J-W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Exercise electrocardiography is an imperfect test for the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD). Magnetocardiography detects cardiac electrical disturbances associated with myocardial ischemia. We prospectively investigated the accuracy of high-dose dobutamine stress magnetocardiography (DS-MCG) and simultaneous electrocardiography (DS-ECG) for the detection of significant CAD. METHODS: 100 patients with an ...
Sade L Elif - - 2008
PURPOSE: Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is the most important cause of late mortality among cardiac allograft recipients. Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) is considered a safe and cost-effective method to screen these patients who remain free of angina most of the time. We evaluated DSE results in a series of cardiac ...
Hazenberg A J C - - 2008
In patients with extensive myocardial bridging, evaluation of its clinical significance remains a challenge. Sequential invasive testing is feasible and gives more insight into the pathophysiological mechanism of bridging-related angina. Twelve patients with chest pain, proven ischaemia and extensive myocardial bridging were assessed. Myocardial bridging was evaluated at rest, during ...
Song Ze-Zhou - - 2008
Echocardiography is the method of choice to establish a diagnosis and determine a treatment plan for patients with noncompaction of ventricular myocardium (NVM). The 2-dimentional echocardiography, 3-dimentional echocardiography, color Doppler echocardiography and contrast-enhanced echocardiography are of critical importance for diagnosis and family screening of NVM.
Picano Eugenio - - 2008
Recent American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology guidelines state that "dobutamine stress echo has substantially higher sensitivity than vasodilator stress echo for detection of coronary artery stenosis" while the European Society of Cardiology guidelines and the European Association of Echocardiography recommendations conclude that "the two tests have very similar applications". ...
Barmeyer Achim A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging uses contractile response to dobutamine (DCMR) and delayed contrast enhancement (DE) to assess myocardial viability. However, early after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) the optimal dose of dobutamine is unclear. METHODS: In patients early after reperfused AMI, DCMR at 5, 10 and 20 microg*kg(-1)*min(-1) and measurement ...
Cacciotti Luca - - 2007
Stress cardiomyopathy is a reversible left ventricular dysfunction precipitated by emotional stress. Affected patients are generally women, whose symptoms are similar to myocardial infarction with reversible apical dyskinesis associated with hypercontractile basal segments and no evidence for hemodynamically significant coronary arterial stenoses by angiography. We report the case of an ...
Heerdt Paul M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chronic, disease-associated oxidative stress induces myocardial peroxynitrite formation that may lead to nitrosative inhibition of the calcium cycling protein sarcoplasmic endoreticular calcium adenosine triphosphatase subtype 2a (SERCA2a). The current study was designed to test the hypothesis that the acute oxidative stress associated with lung resection also induces myocardial nitrosative ...
Karagiannis Stefanos E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) is used for risk stratification of patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the prognostic value of DSE among the entire strata of renal function has yet to be determined. We assessed the prognostic value of renal function relative to DSE findings. METHODS: We ...
Gémes Katalin - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between economical stress, as an indicator of SES, and inflammation in women patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). DESIGN: a cross-sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred and thirteen women patients recruited from two hospitals in Stockholm, Sweden; mean age 63+/-8, range 35-75 years, hospitalised ...
Tsutsui Jeane M - - 2008
AIMS: Although there is an increasing number of studies showing the value of perfusion imaging with real-time contrast echocardiography (RTCE) for detecting coronary artery disease (CAD), no data exist regarding the value of this technique for detecting CAD and predicting outcome in the elderly. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the ...
Souza G G L - - 2007
Previous studies showed that heart period decreases during and recovers after an acute stress. We investigated if individual predispositions and emotional priming influence heart period recovery after a speech stress task. Psychometric scales and resting cardiac vagal tone were used to measure individual traits. The presentation of a sequence of ...
Hyodo Eiichi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The ratio of mitral inflow early diastolic velocity (E) to annulus velocity (E') might be critical for the assessment of an abnormal filling pressure for patients with myocardial ischemia. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether a quantitative estimation of E/E' provides more reliable information for detecting coronary artery disease ...
Fujiwara Satomi - - 2007
To investigate the underlying mechanisms of the left ventricular (LV) apical ballooning syndrome, we evaluated the functional responsiveness to dobutamine stimulation in patients with the syndrome. Over a 22-month period, 11 consecutive patients with the apical ballooning syndrome were referred to our institution. All 11 patients were women and 57 ...
Marciniak Maciej - - 2008
Strain rate imaging (SRI) during dobutamine stress-echocardiography (DSE) has been shown to differentiate between ischemic substrates based on the segmental response. Dipyridamole stress echo (DIPSE) is currently used as an alternative to DSE in detecting coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was: (a) to determine the normal response ...
Rigo Fausto - - 2007
According to American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association/Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions 2005 guidelines on percutaneous intervention, intracoronary physiologic measurement in the assessment of effects of intermediate coronary stenoses in patients with anginal symptoms is a class IIa indication. This study assessed the additional prognostic value of Doppler echocardiographically ...
Brotman Daniel J - - 2007
Psychological stress elicits measurable changes in sympathetic-parasympathetic balance and the tone of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, which might negatively affect the cardiovascular system both acutely-by precipitating myocardial infarction, left-ventricular dysfunction, or dysrhythmia; and chronically-by accelerating the atherosclerotic process. We provide an overview of the association between stress and cardiovascular morbidity, discuss ...
Ioannides Marios - - 2008
We report a case of acute myocardial infarction during a dobutamine stress echo (DSE) study in a middle age man. Our patient experienced a severe crushing retrosternal pain at peak DSE study, at the time the ECG recorded an episode of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia followed by a persistent significant ST ...
Cortigiani Lauro - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective, multicenter, observational study was to compare the prognostic value of Doppler echocardiographic-derived coronary flow reserve (CFR) in diabetic and nondiabetic patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease and negative dipyridamole stress echocardiography. BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of CFR in diabetic patients with negative ...
Bangalore Sripal - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of diastolic dysfunction as measured by left atrial (LA) size in patients undergoing stress echocardiography (SE). BACKGROUND: Left atrial size is a surrogate marker of diastolic function. However, its prognostic value in patients referred for SE is not well ...
Bodi Vicente - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the prognostic value of dipyridamole stress cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in patients with chest pain and known or suspected coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: Stress perfusion CMR has been incorporated in daily practice. Data on its prognostic value are preliminary. METHODS: Dipyridamole stress CMR was performed in ...
Lewis William R - - 2007
HYPOTHESIS: The aim of the study was to determine the utility of stress echocardiography for identification of significant coronary artery disease (CAD) in higher-risk patients with an underlying left bundle-branch block (LBBB). METHODS: Patients with LBBB undergoing stress echocardiography were divided into 2 groups: group 1 (no history MI), group ...
Chaudhry Farooq A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of stress echocardiography (SE) for the diagnosis and risk stratification of coronary artery disease in octogenarians is not well defined. METHODS: Follow-up of 5 years (mean 2.9 +/- 1.0 years) for confirmed nonfatal myocardial infarction (n = 17) and cardiac death (n = 37) was obtained ...
Vashist Aseem - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is a well-established diagnostic method for evaluation and risk stratification of coronary artery disease (CAD). We undertook this study to validate both the positive predictive value (when compared to cardiac catheterization) and the prognosis afforded by MPI in a group of minority women patients. MATERIAL/METHODS: ...
Heijenbrok-Kal Majanka H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Many studies have been published on the diagnostic performance of noninvasive tests for the assessment of coronary artery disease. The objective of the present study was to compare the published literature on the diagnostic performance of stress echocardiography, stress single-photon-emission computed tomography (SPECT), and electron beam computed tomography (EBCT). ...
Scharin Täng Margareta - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Polymorphism of the beta1-adrenoceptor (beta1-AR) affects outcome and beta-blocker efficacy in patients with heart failure. We studied the influence of the beta1-AR Ser49Gly polymorphism on cardiac reserve in transplanted hearts. METHODS: Beta1-AR polymorphism was determined by allelic discrimination analysis. Patients were divided into two groups: either homozygous for Ser49 ...
Sestito Alfonso - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether magnetic resonance imaging could detect any cardiac morphological or functional myocardial alterations in healthy children and young adults with ventricular arrhythmias. METHODS: Twenty-three subjects (14 male, mean age 15.6 +/- 6.5 years) with frequent (> or =30/h) premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) on Holter monitoring and normal ...
Hu Shen-Jiang - - 2007
Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) is an established method of detecting myocardial ischemia. Its diagnostic accuracy solely depends on wall motion assessment. Clear visibility of the left ventricular endocardium is essential for reliable assessment of a wall motion abnormality. However, incremental benefits of contrast DSE for the detection of coronary artery ...
Houtveen Jan H - - 2007
People with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) often have a comorbid history of stress and negative affect. Although the verbal-cognitive and (peripheral) physiological stress systems have shown a great degree of independence, at the same time it is claimed that chronic stress and negative affect can result in a disregulated physiological ...
Cosyns Bernard - - 2008
Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) has been shown to be a very useful non-invasive technique for the detection of coronary artery disease. However, inadequate transthoracic images preclude the use of DSE in a significant proportion of patients. Transesophageal (TEE) or transthoracic contrast echocardiography (CE) can however overcome this limitation. The comparison ...
Saura Daniel - - 2008
Dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography is a useful and relatively safe test for coronary artery disease assessment. However, possible complications should be recognized. We describe a case of transient global amnesia in a woman who underwent a standard-protocol dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiogram for coronary ischaemia detection, after having complained about chest pain. The ...
Jiamsripong Panupong - - 2007
A 62-year-old man with multiple cardiac risk factors, including diabetes mellitus type II, treated hypertension, and hyperlipidemia, had a dobutamine stress echocardiogram performed as part of a preoperative evaluation. At peak stress the patient developed an apical regional wall motion abnormality. Approximately 12 minutes into the recovery period, the patient ...
Correa Candace R - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare the incidence and distribution of coronary artery disease after left-sided versus right-sided irradiation in patients treated with breast conservation for early-stage breast cancer who subsequently underwent cardiac stress testing and/or catheterization for cardiovascular symptoms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records of 961 stage I-II breast cancer patients ...
Ziegelstein Roy C - - 2007
Episodes of acute emotional stress can have significant adverse effects on the heart. Acute emotional stress can produce left ventricular contractile dysfunction, myocardial ischemia, or disturbances of cardiac rhythm. Although these abnormalities are often only transient, their consequences can be gravely damaging and sometimes fatal. Despite the many descriptions of ...
San Román José Alberto - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This study sought to document the safety of a new accelerated dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography protocol and to analyze its complications. METHODS: Dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography studies were performed using an incremental dobutamine infusion protocol from 20 to 40 microg/kg/min in 3-minute stages and followed by atropine. RESULTS: A total of ...
Wake Ryotaro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Gender differences in the predictors of outcome among patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing contrast-enhanced dobutamine stress echocardiography (CE-DSE) have not been completely determined. METHODS AND RESULTS: Follow-up (30+/-17 months) data for 581 men and 309 women with known or suspected CAD who underwent CE-DSE ...
Lubbers Daniel D - - 2008
Purpose of this study was to assess the additional value of first pass myocardial perfusion imaging during peak dose of dobutamine stress Cardiac-MR (CMR). Dobutamine Stress CMR was performed in 115 patients with an inconclusive diagnosis of myocardial ischemia on a 1.5 T system (Magnetom Avanto, Siemens Medical Systems). Three ...
Kowatsch Ingrid - - 2007
We sought to determine the value of dobutamine versus adenosine real-time myocardial perfusion (MP) echocardiography for detecting coronary artery disease and the value of quantitative analysis of MP over electrocardiography, wall motion, and qualitative MP. We studied 54 patients by real-time MP echocardiography and coronary angiography. Replenishment velocity (beta) and ...
Karagiannis Stefanos E - - 2007
Dobutamine stress echocardiography is a commonly used imaging modality for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease and the detection of myocardial viability. The major limitations are that it is operator dependent and that the analysis is subjective and qualitative resulting in interobserver variability. It is also tedious and time consuming. ...
Karagiannis Stefanos E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognostic value of wall motion abnormalities during the recovery phase of dobutamine stress echocardiography in addition to wall motion abnormalities at peak stress. METHODS: Wall motion abnormalities were assessed at peak and during recovery phase of dobutamine stress echocardiography in 187 consecutive patients, who were followed ...
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