Search Results
Results 751 - 800 of 1394
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Crawford M H - - 1999
The principle application of stress testing is the detection of myocardial ischemia in patients suspected of having coronary artery disease. Stress testing is also used to assess physical exercise capacity in normal controls and patients with various types of heart disease, such as cardiomyopathy and valvular disease. The various choices ...
Franklin K B - - 1999
The main predictors of outcome after infarction (exercise capacity, ejection fraction, and extent of jeopardized myocardium) can all be identified using stress echocardiography. This review addresses the place of stress echocardiography in postinfarct risk evaluation, relative to clinical evaluation, and other technologies. The test is accurate for identification of multivessel ...
Ghaffari S - - 1999
Coronary heart disease causes significant morbidity and mortality in our society and is more common in patients with some rheumatic disorders. A thorough history is the most essential element in assessing patients with chest pain syndrome or dyspnea who are at risk of harboring coronary artery disease. Based on the ...
Picano E - - 1999
Dipyridamole stress is the forerunner and prototype of pharmacological stress echo tests in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease. The safety of this test has been conclusively demonstrated as a result of extensive experience in large-scale multicenter projects. The diagnostic accuracy of dipyridamole stress echo is comparable to dobutamine and ...
Panza J A - - 1999
Echocardiography permits a comprehensive assessment of resting regional and global left ventricular function, the presence and extent of inducible myocardial ischemia, and the identification of myocardial viability. Accordingly, stress echocardiography has become a valuable tool for the evaluation of patient with known or suspected coronary artery disease. In some patients ...
Shan K - - 1999
Over the past two decades, there has been an increased realization that systolic myocardial dysfunction, outside of the setting of acute ischemia, does not necessarily imply irreversible myocardial injury. Echocardiographic techniques, particularly dobutamine stress echocardiography, have emerged as important diagnostic modalities that can identify residual viable myocardium in patients following ...
Carels R A - - 1999
This study examined the relationship between "emotional responsivity" (i.e., individuals who exhibit relatively large variations of self-reported tension levels) and myocardial ischemia. One hundred thirty-six patients with coronary artery disease underwent 48 hr ambulatory electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring and laboratory mental stress testing using radionuclide angiocardiography. Compared with individuals characterized as ...
Mangieri E - - 1999
Dobutamine and enoximone stimulate independently inotropic reserve by increasing intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate. The potential of enoximone (0.75 mg/kg body weight over 10 minutes) followed by very low dose (2.5 microg/kg/min) dobutamine echocardiography to predict recovery of ventricular function in akinetic and dyskinetic postinfarcted areas was studied. We enrolled 22 ...
Poldermans D D Thoraxcentre, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The - - 1999
A decrease in stroke volume during dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography heralds ischaemia and possible hypotension. Hypotension results from worsening of LV-function (as a result of ischaemia) left ventricular outflow tract obstruction or hypovolemia, while an increase of stroke volume indicates the preservation of myocardial contractile reserve. To assess stroke volume changes ...
Barletta G - - 1999
We selected 73 consecutive patients without myocardial-infarction, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or hypertension complaining of effort chest discomfort/dyspnoea, and/or reporting exercise ischaemic ECG changes, and submitted them to simultaneous dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) and 99mTc tetrofosmin SPECT (T SPECT) and to coronary angiography to evaluate the clinical impact of intraventricular obstruction (IVO) ...
Bartunek J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms leading to dobutamine-induced ischemia are not fully understood. In the present study, we investigated the effects of high-dose intravenous dobutamine on morphological and physiological indexes of coronary stenoses. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-two patients with normal left ventricular function and isolated coronary stenoses were studied. At catheterization, mean ...
Ho Y L - - 1999
The clinical significance of stress-induced ST-segment elevation and T-wave pseudonormalization in infarct-related leads is still controversial. Therefore, we conducted the present study to assess this issue using simultaneous dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) and thallium-201 single-photon emission computed tomography. A total of 119 patients with Q-wave myocardial infarction were enrolled in ...
Paraskevaidis I A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The functional status of heart failure (HF) is conventionally evaluated by peak exercise oxygen consumption (VO2 max). Dobutamine echocardiography can be used to evaluate myocardial reserve. The aim of this study was to estimate the functional status of chronic HF in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, by investigating the changes ...
Gong G - - 1999
This study compared the transmural distribution of high-energy phosphate (HEP) depletion during oxidative stress induced by pacing- and dobutamine-induced tachycardia in myocardium perfused by a flow-limiting coronary stenosis. Myocardial blood flow (MBF) was measured with radioactive microspheres. Creatine phosphate (CrP), ATP, and P(i) were measured with transmurally localized (31)P NMR ...
Pahl E - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Transplant coronary arteriopathy causes late death and is difficult to detect noninvasively. Dobutamine stress echocardiography is being used for risk stratification in adult recipients at some transplant centers, thus we investigated its role in a pediatric population. METHODS: We performed 46 stress echo studies (mean age = 11.8 years; ...
O'Connor C M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with advanced heart failure receiving intravenous continuous dobutamine in the FIRST Trial (Flolan International Randomized Survival Trial). METHODS: Four hundred seventy-one patients with class IIIb to IV heart failure who were enrolled in the FIRST trial were included. Eighty patients treated ...
Hino Y - - 1999
The changes in endothelium-derived vascular regulatory factors during dobutamine (DOB)-induced myocardial ischemia (MI) were investigated in 21 patients with Kawasaki disease aged from 11 months to 18 years. They were classified into an ischemia group (8 patients) and a non-ischemia group (13 patients) based on the results of 99mTc myocardial ...
Rambaldi R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that after uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction, T wave positivization during stress testing may unveil myocardial viability. We evaluated in a prospective study the clinical value of T wave positivization during dobutamine stress echocardiography in patients with recent, first uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: Two hundred twenty-nine ...
Bax J J - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to address, in patients with severe ischemic left ventricular dysfunction, whether dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) can predict improvement of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), functional status and long-term prognosis after revascularization. BACKGROUND: Dobutamine stress echocardiography can predict improvement of wall motion after revascularization. The relation ...
Pasquet A - - 1999
Previous studies of dobutamine echocardiography (DE) and positron emission tomography (PET) showed similar accuracy for predicting improvement in resting wall motion after revascularization, although limited direct comparative data are available. We sought to compare the relative accuracy of detecting contractile reserve, ischemia, perfusion, and myocardial metabolism for predicting functional recovery ...
Denslow S - - 1999
Dimensional variables measured for study of left ventricular mechanics are subject to errors arising from difficulty in determining zero-stress dimensions for use as a reference. Based on a method validated for measurements within individuals, we have devised an approach that facilitates comparison between individuals while minimizing random scatter. We define ...
Hughes G C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMR) has been demonstrated effective for relieving angina, although prior studies have yielded inconsistent results regarding postoperative myocardial perfusion and function. This study evaluated long-term changes in myocardial perfusion and contractile reserve after TMR in a model of hibernating myocardium. METHODS: Miniswine had subtotal left circumflex ...
Dhond M R - - 1999
To determine the value of negative dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) results in predicting subsequent long-term cardiac event rates, we retrospectively reviewed all dobutamine stress echocardiograms performed at our institution over a 3-year period (1992-1994). Follow-up was accomplished through the completion of a detailed questionnaire compiled from data obtained through chart ...
Kitaoka H - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether dobutamine stress echocardiography can predict the improvement of left ventricular systolic function in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS: Myocardial contractile reserve, as assessed by dobutamine stress echocardiography, was determined in 18 patients with DCM (mean (SD) age 53 (13) years, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ...
Takeuchi Masaaki - - 1999
The addition of atropine during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) is increasingly used for detecting coronary artery disease (CAD), but its safety and whether it has added diagnostic accuracy have not been well defined. The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare the complication rate and diagnostic accuracy of three ...
Elhendy A - - 1999
Dobutamine stress echocardiography and thallium-201 myocardial perfusion scintigraphy are clinically useful methods for the evaluation of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the relative merits of these imaging modalities in the evaluation of the extent of CAD after myocardial infarction have not been well studied. The aim of this study was ...
Spes C H CH Department of Cardiology, University of Munich, - - 1999
Coronary angiography is still the routine screening method for cardiac allograft vasculopathy in most transplant centers. This study was designed to analyze functional and morphologic changes in heart transplant recipients with normal angiographic findings. Dobutamine stress echocardiography and intracoronary ultrasound were obtained in 56 patients with a normal coronary angiogram ...
Scherhag A W - - 1999
Impedance cardiography (ICG) is a noninvasive method for evaluating cardiac function. Left ventricular stroke volume (SV) is the basic hemodynamic parameter derived from thoracic bioimpedance curves. Issues of our study were to investigate the diagnostic value of other indices of left ventricular systolic performance, such as ejection fraction (EF), index ...
Fragasso G - - 1999
AIMS: A sizeable proportion of patients with angina, angiographically smooth coronary arteries and positive exercise test (syndrome X) have stress/rest myocardial perfusion defects. The aim of the study was to assess whether perfusion defects are dependent upon a reduction in coronary flow reserve causing regional left ventricular dysfunction in syndrome ...
Wang C H - - 1999
Dobutamine echocardiography was performed on 297 patients after acute myocardial infarction to assess the prognostic value of dobutamine-induced hypotension in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. Patients were divided into two groups according to ejection fraction (group I, ejection fraction <0.45, n = 123; group II, ejection fraction > or =0.45, ...
Elhendy A - - 1999
Despite accumulating data regarding the safety of dobutamine stress testing, the possible induction of tachyarrhythmias during the test remains a major concern for physicians, particularly in patients with extensive coronary artery disease (CAD) or left ventricular dysfunction. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical, echocardiographic, and angiographic ...
Samad B A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to evaluate the ability of predischarge low-dose dobutamine echocardiography to predict late left ventricular functional recovery after thrombolyzed acute myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Low-dose dobutamine echocardiography was performed in 54 patients 4 +/- 2 days after acute myocardial infarction treated with thrombolysis. Follow-up resting ...
Krivokapich J - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: The study sought to determine the utility of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in predicting cardiac events in the year after testing. BACKGROUND: Increasingly, DSE has been applied to risk stratification of patients. METHODS: Medical records of 1,183 consecutive patients who underwent DSE were reviewed. The cardiac events that occurred ...
Barillà F - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether contractile recovery induced by dobutamine in dysfunctioning viable myocardium supplied by nearly occluded vessels is related to an increase in blood flow in the absence of collaterals. BACKGROUND: Dobutamine is used to improve contractility in ventricular dysfunction during acute myocardial ...
Zafrir N - - 1999
Ventricular function may improve after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy depending on the amount of contractile myocardial reserve. Based on the studies using dobutamine echocardiography to predict regional wall improvement after revascularization, we investigated the benefit of low-dose dobutamine radionuclide ventriculography for assessing functional contractile ...
Luria D - - 1999
AIMS: This study investigated the clinical and physiological significance of the dynamic left ventricle outflow gradient observed in some patients during dobutamine stress echocardiography. METHODS: Three hundred and ninety-four consecutive patients completed dobutamine stress echocardiography using Doppler echocardiography to assess the presence of myocardial ischaemia and left ventricular outflow gradient. ...
Nagel E - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The analysis of wall motion abnormalities with dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) is an established method for the detection of myocardial ischemia. With ultrafast magnetic resonance tomography, identical stress protocols as used for echocardiography can be applied. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 208 consecutive patients (147 men, 61 women) with suspected ...
Poldermans D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term value of dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography (DSE) for prediction of late cardiac events in patients with proven or suspected coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Clinical data and DSE results were analyzed in 1734 consecutive patients undergoing DSE between 1989 ...
Colon Percy J. PJ - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to assess the use of stress echocardiography in the triage of patients presenting to the emergency department with atypical chest pain. We hypothesized that a negative stress echocardiogram would identify patients with a very low risk for future cardiac events, thus reducing the requirement ...
Smart S C - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognostic value of sustained improvement, scar and inducible ischemia with or without viability in patients with chronic left ventricular dysfunction (LVD). BACKGROUND: Dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography (DASE) accurately detects scar, reversible dysfunction and the extent of coronary artery disease in LVD. METHODS: Three hundred fifty consecutive patients ...
Lee C Y - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To compare transesophageal atrial pacing stress echocardiography with dobutamine stress echocardiography for feasibility, safety, duration, patient acceptance and concordance in inducing wall motion abnormalities. BACKGROUND: Transesophageal atrial pacing is an effective method of increasing heart rate and has been used in the assessment of coronary artery disease. METHODS: Both ...
Acquatella H - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether dobutamine stimulation in patients with Chagas' disease may uncover abnormal contractile responses as seen in ischemic myocardium. BACKGROUND: Segmental left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in the absence of coronary atherosclerosis is frequently seen in patients with chronic Chagas' heart disease. Myocardial ischemia and coronary microcirculation abnormalities have ...
van der Meer B J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Simple, accurate, continuous non-invasive cardiac monitoring during the peri- and postoperative periods for patients at risk of cardiac failure would be very useful. Electrical impedance cardiography (EIC) has been proposed as an accurate method for non-invasive measurement of cardiac function. However, in recent years the accuracy of EIC in ...
Croisille P - - 1999
BACKGROUND: To limit ischemic myocardial injury, it is important to differentiate viable from infarcted myocardium. Three dimensional (3D) tagged MRI has the ability to quantify myocardial 3D deformation and strain (noninvasively and precisely), and can achieve a true comparison of contraction not only from region to region, but also at ...
Veselka J - - 1999
The study concerned the possibility of using echocardiography after hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO2) to detect viable myocardium. Results were compared with dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE). Seventeen patients with left ventricular dysfunction were enrolled in this study. The regional wall motion of the left ventricle was assessed for every patient and a ...
Sanchis J - - 1999
The role of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in the subacute or chronic phases of myocardial infarction remains controversial. This study investigates the usefulness of dobutamine contrast left ventriculography in a single session with coronary angiography for predicting the improvement of ventricular function after PTCA. The study group consisted of ...
Rahimtoola S H - - 1999
Hibernating myocardium is a state of persistently impaired myocardial and left ventricular function at rest due to reduced coronary blood flows. It can be defined as an exquisitely regulated tissue successfully adapting its activity to prevailing circumstances. It has been documented in patients with angina (chronic stable and/or unstable), acute ...
Rosenfeldt F L - - 1999
The inferior recovery of cardiac function after interventional cardiac procedures in elderly patients compared to younger patients suggests that the aged myocardium is more sensitive to stress. We report two studies that demonstrate an age-related deficit in myocardial performance after aerobic and ischemic stress and the capacity of CoQ10 treatment ...
Bigatel D A - - 1999
This study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in predicting not only perioperative but also long-term cardiac events. One hundred fifty-nine patients who were evaluated for elective abdominal aortic surgery were screened preoperatively with DSE from January 1, 1992 to December 31, 1993. We concluded ...
Yang J - - 1999
In order to assess the value of Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) in detecting viable hibernating myocardium, 20 patients with coronary artery disease and chronic left ventricular dysfunction underwent low dose dobutamine stress echocardiography and low dose dobutamine stress DTI. The results showed that among the 100 asynergic segments, 35 segments ...
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