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Results 701 - 750 of 1386
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Spes C H - - 2000
Invasive methods as coronary angiography and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) are still the routine tools for diagnosis of cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV). Nevertheless, invasive tests are expensive and not free of risk. Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) emerged as a useful noninvasive tool for assessment of cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV). In our ...
Watanabe S - - 2000
To clarify the clinical difference in viability of myocardium with negative and positive T waves in Q-wave anterior or anteroseptal myocardial infarction, we performed low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography in 17 patients with negative T waves and in 13 patients with positive T waves with optimal revascularization of infarct-related arteries in ...
Elhendy A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Resting wall motion abnormalities (WMA) in 2-dimensional echocardiography may be encountered in patients without previous myocardial infarction or known coronary artery disease (CAD) who are referred for stress testing. However, the functional significance of these abnormalities has not been evaluated by an independent technique. The goals of this study ...
van den Heuvel A F - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: We performed positron emission tomography (PET) to evaluate myocardial ischemia in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC). BACKGROUND: Patients with IDC have anatomically normal coronary arteries, and it has been assumed that myocardial ischemia does not occur. METHODS: We studied 22 patients with IDC and 22 control subjects using ...
Sawada S - - 2000
In patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy, revascularization of hibernating or stunned myocardium can result in improvement in global systolic function and prognosis. The recognition that revascularization can alter the course of ischemic cardiomyopathy has fueled the development of noninvasive methods for detection of viable myocardium. Dobutamine echocardiography has established utility as ...
Petrasinovic Z - - 2000
Low dose pharmacological stress echocardiography with either dobutamine or dipyridamole infusion has been proposed for recognition of myocardial viability. However, dependence on adequate acoustic window, observer experience, and the mild degree of wall motion changes make the viability assessment by stress echocardiography especially bothersome. The objective of the study was ...
Pasquet A - - 2000
AIMS: Previous studies have compared the accuracy of various tests of viability for the prediction of recovery of regional left ventricular function; global left ventricular recovery has been less well studied, although it has important prognostic and functional ramifications. We sought to identify the relative contribution of ischaemia, regional and ...
Galatro K - - 2000
The extent and degree of myocardial viability is an important parameter in the risk stratification of patients with significant left ventricular dysfunction due to coronary artery disease (CAD). Although several imaging modalities can identify viable myocardium, dobutamine stress echocardiography has gained considerable importance as an accurate, safe, and reliable method. ...
Dhond M R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Mild hypotension (drops of systolic blood pressure of > or = 20 mmHg) occurs in 14-38% of dobutamine stress echo (DSE) and carries a good prognosis for subsequent cardiac events. The incidence and significance of more profound hypotension (PH) (> or = 50 mmHg) is unknown. HYPOTHESIS: The aim ...
Golia G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have reported that adequate perfusion of the infarct-related artery improves survival in patients with myocardial infarction, independently of left ventricular pump function. However, it is not known whether or not this reduction in mortality is independent of myocardial viability within the infarct zone. The aim of this ...
Duque H A - - 1999
A prospective study was carried out to analyze the evolution of patients who survived penetrating cardiac trauma. A total of 642 patients were evaluated. A 1-year follow-up, which included physical examinations, electrocardiography, echocardiography and stress tests, was completed in 192 patients. Data processing included calculation of average and percentage values. ...
Sandstede J J - - 1999
The purpose of this work was to test the diagnostic value of dobutamine stress magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for predicting recovery of regional myocardial contractility after revascularization. Cardiac wall motion abnormalities are due to either non-viable and/or scarred, or viable, but hibernating, myocardial tissue. Dobutamine stress leads to increased systolic ...
Senior R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the predictive value of dobutamine echocardiography for assessing contractile reserve was altered by differing patterns of regional myocardial perfusion. PATIENTS: 31 consecutive patients with symptomatic congestive heart failure (left ventricular ejection fraction < 35%) caused by coronary artery disease. SETTING: A district general hospital. METHODS: Thallium-201 ...
Krantz D S - - 1999
This study assesses the prognostic value of mental stress-induced ischemic left ventricular wall motion abnormalities and hemodynamic responses in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Seventy-nine patients (76 men and 3 women) with prior positive exercise test results were exposed to mental arithmetic and a simulated public speech stress ...
Rossignol D A - - 1999
This case report describes an aggressive form of accelerated atherosclerosis predicted early after transplant by dobutamine stress echocardiography in a patient who died of massive myocardial infarction 32 months after transplantation. The main objective finding of this event was markedly increased cardiac filling pressures during an elective cardiac catheterization and ...
Cracowski J L - - 1999
Enoximone (a type III-selective phosphodiesterase inhibitor) and dobutamine (a beta-receptor agonist) are positive inotropic drugs frequently used in the postoperative management of coronary bypass surgery. The purpose of this study was to characterize their relaxant effects on the human internal mammary artery (IMA) and the gastroepiploic artery (GEA) and to ...
Bennett P - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To identify the associations between two personality variables (alexithymia, negative affect), social support, awareness of myocardial infarction, and the severity of post-traumatic stress symptoms. DESIGN: A cross sectional design was adopted with simultaneous measures of both dependent and independent variables. METHOD: A random sample of 69 patients who had ...
Poldermans D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Hypotension during hemodialysis occurs frequently, but the precise mechanism remains unclear. In this study, the presence of myocardial ischemia and myocardial contractile reserve during infusions of the beta-adrenergic receptor agonist dobutamine was assessed by means of dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography (DSE) in hypotension-prone (HP) and hypotension-resistant (HR) hemodialysis patients. METHODS: ...
Kiuchi K - - 1999
A 59-year-old man presented with a left anterior descending coronary artery to left ventricular fistula manifesting as myocardial infarction, representing the coronary steal phenomenon. Electrocardiography showed poor R progression in leads V1 through V3. The biochemical markers of myocardial injury were elevated. Creatine kinase level was 509 IU/l, creatine kinase ...
Hundley W G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Some patients referred for pharmacological stress testing with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) are unable to undergo testing owing to poor acoustic windows. Fast cine MRI can be used to assess left ventricular contraction, but its utility for detection of myocardial ischemia in patients poorly suited for echocardiography is unknown. METHODS ...
Drazner M H - - 1999
In 29 patients with advanced heart failure, therapy tailored to hemodynamic goals was attempted using an initial infusion of dobutamine and nitroglycerin (the latter in those with pulmonary hypertension) followed by escalating doses of oral vasodilators. In the 23 patients who were weaned from inodilator therapy, significant improvements in hemodynamic ...
Varga A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated a consistently high sensitivity of dobutamine echocardiography whereas test specificity in these series has been variable. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether coronary vasospasm--elicited by alpha1 adrenoreceptor stimulation--may be a significant source of false positive responses during dobutamine stress. METHODS: From the ...
Hoffer E P - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate low-level exercise echocardiography (LLEE) in detecting contractile reserve and predicting functional improvement of akinetic myocardium early after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). BACKGROUND: Experimental and clinical studies have shown that low-dose dobutamine enhances contractile function of dyssynergic but viable myocardium in patients ...
Barletta G - - 1999
OBJECTIVES AND BACKGROUND: Dobutamine stress echocardiography and 99mTc-tetrofosmin single-photon emission computed tomography (T-SPECT) were performed simultaneously in subjects in whom coronary artery disease (CAD) had been proven or excluded at coronary angiography, in order to establish their accuracy and agreement in the diagnosis of CAD, and in localisation and evaluation ...
Hoffmann R - - 1999
AIMS: Recent studies have evaluated the diagnostic accuracy and predictive value of dobutamine echocardiography without considering the additional information implied by the magnitude of induced wall motion abnormalities. We sought to evaluate the positive predictive value of dobutamine echocardiography for coronary artery disease from the extent and severity of the ...
Djordjevic-Dikic A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The safety of ergonovine/ergometrine stress testing for coronary vasospasm when performed outside the cath lab has vigorously been questioned. The aim of this study was to assess the value of ergonovine/ergometrine stress testing performed in the echo lab. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data prospectively collected in the echo ...
Zussa C - - 1999
The remarkable hemodynamic features of the aortic Toronto SPV prosthesis have been reported. To assess the efficacy of these characteristics to produce a favorable left ventricular remodeling and to test the limits of the dobutamine stress test to check these results, 25 consecutive patients, who had undergone aortic valve replacement ...
Monin J L - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) for predicting recovery of viable myocardium after revascularization with cineangiography as a gold standard for left ventricular (LV) function. We studied the influence of late vessel reocclusion on regional LV function. BACKGROUND: Dobutamine stress echocardiography is a well established evaluation method ...
Travain M I - - 1999
Pharmacological stress in conjunction with radionuclide myocardial perfusion imaging has become a widely used noninvasive method of assessing patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease. In the United States, over one third of perfusion imaging studies are performed with pharmacological stress. Pharmacological stress agents fall into two categories: coronary ...
Everaert H - - 1999
Electrocardiography gated single-photon emission tomography (gated SPET) allows the assessment of regional perfusion and function simultaneously and in full spatial congruency. In this study changes in global and regional left ventricular function in response to dobutamine infusion were assessed in ten healthy volunteers using sequential gated SPET myocardial perfusion acquisitions. ...
Spinelli L - - 1999
The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of 99mTc-sestamibi cardiac imaging and dobutamine echocardiography in detecting myocardial viability early after acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: Forty-nine patients (mean age 52 +/- 10 y) underwent coronary angiography, low-dose dobutamine echocardiography, radionuclide angiography and rest 99mTc-sestamibi imaging within 10 d ...
Mathias W W - - 1999
Dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography (DASE) is an established method and has been shown to be accurate for the detection of coronary artery disease. Still, there are few large clinical studies that analyze the safety of DASE in general or the safety of performing it on an ambulatory basis. Most studies use ...
Schneider C A CA Klinik III für Innere Medizin, Universität zu Köln, Germany. - - 1999
This study was designed to analyze the effects of acute angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition on myocardial blood flow (MBF) in control and ischemic regions. Although animal studies indicate an improvement of MBF to ischemic regions after ACE inhibition, this effect has not been conclusively demonstrated in patients with coronary artery ...
Amanullah A M - - 1999
Both dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) and myocardial perfusion scintigraphy are used to assess myocardial viability. Few studies have compared the data on myocardial viability and ischemia by low and peak dose DSE and myocardial perfusion imaging in the same patients. Fifty-four patients (45 men and 9 women aged 65 +/- ...
Bax J J - - 1999
Assessment of myocardial viability has become an important issue in patients presenting with either acute myocardial infarction or presenting with chronic ischemic left ventricular dysfunction. In patients with viable myocardium recovery of left ventricular function can be anticipatedm, spontaneously in patients with acute myocardial infarction or following revascularization in patients ...
Picano E - - 1999
The conceptual model of the classical "ischemic cascade" has served cardiologists well for decades. It correctly predicts clinical findings during imaging stress testing in the presence of coronary artery disease or epicardial coronary artery spasm, where perfusion and wall motion abnormalities provide a substantially higher sensitivity than ECG changes. However, ...
Kono T - - 1999
Many of the myocardial wall motion abnormalities in heart donors are reversible after transplantation, indicating that the presence of wall motion abnormalities should not automatically lead to the exclusion of donor hearts. The present study observes the natural course of brain death-induced myocardial dysfunction, and investigates whether low-dose dobutamine stress ...
De Felice F - - 1999
The relation between T-wave changes and regional contraction during dobutamine stress echocardiography at low (5 to 10 microg/kg/min) and high (20 to 40 microg/kg/min) doses in 43 consecutive patients, early (7+/-2 days) after first recent Q-wave acute myocardial infarction has been evaluated. T-wave changes detected in > or =2 infarct-related ...
Gaddi O - - 1999
AIM: To assess the diagnostic and prognostic value of vasodilator stress echocardiography in Type 2 diabetic patients with positive exercise perfusion scintigraphy. METHODS: Of an initial cohort of 50 asymptomatic Type 2 diabetic patients undergoing exercise single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) thallium scintigraphy, 24 had a positive thallium scan, ...
Spes C H - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Routine methods for surveillance of cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) are coronary angiography and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). This study analyzed the diagnostic and prognostic value of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) for noninvasive assessment of CAV. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 109 heart transplant recipients, 333 DSEs were compared with 285 coronary ...
Zahalak G I - - 1999
We incorporated a three-dimensional generalization of the Huxley cross-bridge theory in a finite element model of ventricular mechanics to examine the effect of nonaxial deformations on active stress in myocardium. According to this new theory, which assumes that macroscopic tissue deformations are transmitted to the myofilament lattice, lateral myofilament spacing ...
Oral H - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The mechanism by which dobutamine induces ischemia is thought to depend on both increased chronotropy and inotropy. No data have been reported on the diagnostic power of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) among patients with fixed-rate pacemakers and absolute chronotropic incompetence. The purpose of this study was to determine the ...
Crawford M H - - 1999
The principle application of stress testing is the detection of myocardial ischemia in patients suspected of having coronary artery disease. Stress testing is also used to assess physical exercise capacity in normal controls and patients with various types of heart disease, such as cardiomyopathy and valvular disease. The various choices ...
Franklin K B - - 1999
The main predictors of outcome after infarction (exercise capacity, ejection fraction, and extent of jeopardized myocardium) can all be identified using stress echocardiography. This review addresses the place of stress echocardiography in postinfarct risk evaluation, relative to clinical evaluation, and other technologies. The test is accurate for identification of multivessel ...
Ghaffari S - - 1999
Coronary heart disease causes significant morbidity and mortality in our society and is more common in patients with some rheumatic disorders. A thorough history is the most essential element in assessing patients with chest pain syndrome or dyspnea who are at risk of harboring coronary artery disease. Based on the ...
Picano E - - 1999
Dipyridamole stress is the forerunner and prototype of pharmacological stress echo tests in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease. The safety of this test has been conclusively demonstrated as a result of extensive experience in large-scale multicenter projects. The diagnostic accuracy of dipyridamole stress echo is comparable to dobutamine and ...
Panza J A - - 1999
Echocardiography permits a comprehensive assessment of resting regional and global left ventricular function, the presence and extent of inducible myocardial ischemia, and the identification of myocardial viability. Accordingly, stress echocardiography has become a valuable tool for the evaluation of patient with known or suspected coronary artery disease. In some patients ...
Shan K - - 1999
Over the past two decades, there has been an increased realization that systolic myocardial dysfunction, outside of the setting of acute ischemia, does not necessarily imply irreversible myocardial injury. Echocardiographic techniques, particularly dobutamine stress echocardiography, have emerged as important diagnostic modalities that can identify residual viable myocardium in patients following ...
Carels R A - - 1999
This study examined the relationship between "emotional responsivity" (i.e., individuals who exhibit relatively large variations of self-reported tension levels) and myocardial ischemia. One hundred thirty-six patients with coronary artery disease underwent 48 hr ambulatory electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring and laboratory mental stress testing using radionuclide angiocardiography. Compared with individuals characterized as ...
Mangieri E - - 1999
Dobutamine and enoximone stimulate independently inotropic reserve by increasing intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate. The potential of enoximone (0.75 mg/kg body weight over 10 minutes) followed by very low dose (2.5 microg/kg/min) dobutamine echocardiography to predict recovery of ventricular function in akinetic and dyskinetic postinfarcted areas was studied. We enrolled 22 ...
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