Search Results
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Marwick T H - - 2000
Stress echocardiography is accepted as a routine test in patients with coronary artery disease for the identification of myocardial ischaemia, the diagnosis of viable myocardium and assessment of prognosis. This review addresses the application of the test to non-coronary heart diseases. Some caution should be applied to the use of ...
Vitarelli A - - 2000
The introduction of digital echocardiography has significantly enhanced our ability to select the best set of frames for analysis. However, despite the beneficial attributes of transthoracic dobutamine stress echocardiography, poor quality 2-dimensional images continue to be a significant limiting factor in patients with chest deformities, severe chronic obstructive lung disease, ...
Bokor D - - 2000
SonoVue is a second-generation ultrasound contrast agent consisting of phospholipid-stabilized microbubbles filled with sulfur hexafluoride, with outstanding stability and resistance to pressure. The efficacy of SonoVue (0.5, 1, 2, 4 mL) was compared with Albunex (doses 0.08 and 0.22 mL/kg) in patients with suspected ischemic disease and suboptimal endocardial-border delineation ...
Vigna C - - 2000
Detection of contractile reserve is important in heart failure patients. To determine if detection of contractile reserve is influenced by neuroadrenergic activation, we examined the relation between dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) findings and plasma norepinephrine levels (NE) at rest in 35 patients with nonischemic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction (New York ...
Dalla Vecchia L - - 2000
The demonstration of a contractile reserve during low-dose dobutamine echocardiography (LDDE) identifies viable myocardium and predicts recovery of left ventricular (LV) function after myocardial revascularization in patients with chronic coronary artery disease. However, a technically difficult transthoracic visualization may limit the use of LDDE, thus requiring an alternative diagnostic procedure. ...
Desideri A - - 2000
The aim of our study was to compare the prognostic value of stress echocardiography and exercise electrocardiography after uncomplicated non-Q-wave acute myocardial infarction in a series of 89 female patients. Our data show that stress echocardiography has independent predictive value in a female patient population recovering from uncomplicated acute myocardial ...
von Bibra H - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated regional diastolic function by pulsed Doppler myocardial mapping for the detection of left ventricular ischemia during pharmacologic stress testing. BACKGROUND: Evaluation and quantification of diastolic myocardial function remain a challenge for imaging techniques in stress tests. METHODS: A prospective study compared the detection of coronary artery stenosis: ...
Lanzarini L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Long-term survivors of childhood cancer treated with anthracyclines may have subclinical cardiac dysfunction undetectable at a baseline evaluation. Dobutamine stress echocardiography has been proposed as a more sensitive screening test, but results of previous studies were influenced by selection criteria, infusion protocols, and side effects. METHODS: We applied a ...
La Canna G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the best test(s) for predicting functional recovery of hibernating myocardium after reperfusion. METHODS: A prospective study to compare echocardiographic left ventricular diastolic wall thickness (> or =5 mm), low-dose dobutamine echocardiography and rest-redistribution thallium-201 scintigraphy, alone and in combination, for predicting recovery of left ventricular akinesis after ...
Armstrong G - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were to examine peak systolic strain as an index of regional function in an animal model of inotropic stress and ischemia, and to compare these results with peak systolic myocardial tissue Doppler velocity (MDV). BACKGROUND: Myocardial tissue Doppler velocity is an objective measure of ...
Altinmakas S - - 2000
Dobutamine stress echocardiography is widely used to predict reversible left ventricular dysfunction, but evaluation with this method is subjective. Pulsed-wave tissue Doppler imaging is a new technique that allows to obtain quantitative data on wall motion velocities of different myocardial segments through sample-volume placement. Therefore, this tool in combination with ...
Xu C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate dobutamine technetium-99m methoxy isobutyl nitrile (sestamibi) single-photon emission computed tomography (Dobu-ECT) in detecting residual ischemia and identifying coronary vessel disease after myocardial infarction. METHODS: Sixty-two patients with confirmed myocardial infarction were studied with Dobu-ECT at the time of coronary artery angiography. Dobutamine was administered intravenously in incremental ...
Tobita K - - 2000
The embryonic myocardium increases functional performance geometrically during cardiac morphogenesis. We investigated developmental changes in the in vivo end-systolic stress-strain relations of embryonic chick myocardium in stage 17, 21, and 24 white Leghorn chick embryos (n = 10 for each stage). End-systolic stress-strain relations were linear in all developmental stages. ...
Sitges M - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Because unstable angina has always been considered a contraindication for dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography (DSE), the role of dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography in unstable angina is unknown. Our aim was to assess the safety and prognostic value of dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography in unstable angina. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-two ...
Atar S - - 2000
To date, there are no data on the feasibility and accuracy of bedside pacing stress echocardiography in patients admitted to the hospital with new-onset chest pain or unstable angina. We evaluated the feasibility of pacing stress echocardiography and examined its correlation with myocardial perfusion stress scintigraphy (rest thallium-201/stress technetium-99m sestamibi ...
Jun T - - 2000
Dobutamine (DOB) stress two-dimensional echocardiography is an established method for the detection of viable myocardium, but conventional assessment of wall motion is subjective. We measured quantitatively the left ventricular systolic velocities along the longitudinal axis by pulsed Doppler tissue imaging (DTI). In 30 patients with previous myocardial infarction, pulsed DTI ...
Smart S C - - 2000
Stress echocardiography is an effective diagnostic and prognostic technique in stable patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD), myocardial infarction, or chronic left ventricular dysfunction and those undergoing noncardiac surgery. Stress echocardiography is sensitive and specific for the detection and extent of CAD. Negative tests confer a high ...
Chaudhry F A - - 2000
The extent and degree of myocardial viability are important parameters in the risk stratification of patients with significant left ventricular dysfunction secondary to coronary artery disease. Although several imaging modalities can identify viable myocardium, dobutamine stress echocardiography has gained considerable importance as an accurate, safe, and reliable method. In patients ...
Saito I - - 2000
The present study attempted to detect the viability of myocardium by quantitative automatic 3-dimensional analysis of the improvement of regional wall motion using an magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tagging method. Twenty-two subjects with ischemic heart disease who had abnormal wall motion on echocardiography at rest were enrolled. All patients underwent ...
Longobardi G - - 2000
In 22 patients with stable myocardial ischemia, we prospectively studied the short- and long-term effects of isosorbide-5-mononitrate (5-ISMN) on dipyridamole-induced myocardial ischemia, the ability of dipyridamole-stress echocardiography to evaluate nitrate tolerance, and the role of activation of the neurohumoral system in nitrate tolerance development, assessed by modifications of catecholamines plasma ...
Rambaldi R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Both nuclear imaging with F18-fluorodeoxyglucose and dobutamine stress echocardiography have been used to identify viable myocardium, although dobutamine-stress echocardiography has been demonstrated to be the less sensitive of the two. AIM: To compare the accuracy of pulsed-wave Doppler tissue sampling with dobutamine-stress echocardiography for the detection of viable myocardium, ...
Liu C - - 2000
Exposure of cardiac cells to a mild thermal or ischaemic stress, sufficient to induce HSP expression, protects them against a subsequent exposure to a more severe ischaemic stress. Over expression of HSPs by transfection of herpes simplex virus vectors in vitro or in transgenic animal in vivo can protect primary ...
Pahl E - - 2000
Exercise and pharmacological stress echocardiography are well-accepted techniques of evaluating coronary artery disease in adults. In children, however, experience with stress echocardiography is limited and continues to evolve. The objective of this focused review was to describe the experience with exercise and dobutamine stress echocardiography in the pediatric population, with ...
Dhond M R - - 2000
The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) obtained during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in predicting subsequent cardiac events. We retrospectively analyzed 345 patients undergoing DSE in 1992-1994 and selected those patients with negative echo results for ischemia. Of the 200 patients ...
Rocchi G - - 2000
Quantification of dysfunctional but viable myocardium has high prognostic value for improvement of left ventricular (LV) function after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) can assess viable myocardium by segmental wall motion changes during stress. However, analysis of wall motion is subjective with only moderate interinstitutional agreement ...
Baer F M - - 2000
AIMS: A substantial number of patients with dysfunctional but potentially viable myocardium cannot be accurately evaluated by transthoracic echocardiography due to a poor acoustic window. This study compares the diagnostic value of alternative functional imaging techniques, such as dobutamine-transoesophageal echocardiography (dobutamine-TEE) and dobutamine magnetic resonance imaging (dobutamine-MRI) for the detection ...
Franchini M - - 2000
AIMS: A diagnosis of ischaemic aetiology of a dilated cardiomyopathy has important therapeutic and prognostic implications. In such patients, abnormal ECG and atypical symptoms limit the usefulness of standard ECG-ergometry in detecting myocardial ischaemia. To assess the values of high-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography and of Thallium-201 SPECT (exercise-reinjection-rest protocol) in ...
Takehana K - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether the inotropic response to dobutamine might be useful for estimating the extent of viable myocardium soon after reperfusion. BACKGROUND: Early identification of viable myocardium in the presence of severe left ventricular dysfunction after reperfusion is important for clinical decision making. METHODS: Nine open-chest dogs ...
Ariff B - - 2000
Exercise treadmill electrocardiography and myocardial perfusion imaging are commonly used in non-invasive tests for the detection of myocardial ischaemia. Unfortunately there are limitations in the assessment of hypertensive patients since these tests frequently provide false-positive results, particularly in those subjects with left ventricular hypertrophy. In order to investigate the utility ...
Lauer M S - - 2000
Stress testing and cardiac imaging have been part of established practice for evaluating patients with suspected coronary disease. With the increasing use of revascularization procedures, there is increasing interest in using these tests for evaluation of patients with possible coronary restenosis or graft coronary disease. Although a number of reports ...
Sherman H L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Aggressive management to reduce pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) reduces hospitalization rates and is crucial for patients awaiting transplantation but may require periodic invasive monitoring with right heart catheterization. METHODS: The purpose of this study was to define the relation of transpulmonary passage ...
Castaldo M M Department of Cardiology, "La Sapienza" University, Rome, - - 2000
The goals of this study were to analyze temporal changes in cardiac cyclic variation of integrated backscatter (CVIB) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and to investigate the predictive value of CVIB normalization compared with that of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in the assessment of functional recovery after revascularization. The normal ...
Yamashita K - - 2000
The clinical implication of the lack of hyperkinesis during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) has not been determined. We hypothesized that a lack of hyperkinesis during graded doses of dobutamine infusion would reflect the severity of coronary flow abnormality distal to the stenosis and provide the functional significance of coronary arterial ...
Cwajg J M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The study assessed whether end-diastolic wall thickness (EDWT), measured with echocardiography, is an important marker of myocardial viability in patients with suspected myocardial hibernation, and it compared this index to currently established diagnostic modalities of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) and rest-redistribution thallium-201 (T1-201) scintigraphy. BACKGROUND: Because myocardial necrosis is ...
Elhendy A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Exercise stress myocardial perfusion scintigraphy has been used for the diagnosis of transplant coronary artery stenosis (TCAS) in cardiac allograft recipients. However, the role of pharmacologic stress myocardial perfusion imaging has not been evaluated. Aim of the study is to assess the accuracy of dobutamine stress 99m technetium tetrofosmin ...
Everaert H - - 2000
Perfusion scintigraphy provides important information regarding the presence of viable tissue after myocardial infarction. Defects of moderate severity, however, may represent viable myocardium, necrotic tissue or a mixture of both. In this study the presence or absence of inotropic response in the infarcted area was assessed by low-dose dobutamine tetrofosmin ...
Lattanzi F - - 2000
Dobutamine stress echocardiography is considered a relatively well-tolerated diagnostic modality, effective in the management of patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease. Adverse effects during testing are relatively frequent, precluding the achievement of a diagnostic end-point in about 5 to 10% of tests. These adverse effects, mostly tachyarrhythmias and ...
Roffi M - - 2000
Dobutamine stress echocardiography is widely performed as a useful diagnostic tool in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease. Dobutamine induced myocardial ischaemia is frequently associated with ST segment depression. ST segment elevation is uncommon and is almost always associated with prior myocardial infarction or transient total coronary occlusion. ...
Lu C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The possibility that enoximone, a nonglycoside, noncatechol, positive inotropic agent, in combination with 2-dimensional echocardiography may predict recovery of myocardial dysfunction after revascularization has not been yet evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-five patients with chronic coronary artery disease and left ventricular dysfunction underwent dobutamine (DE, 5 to 10 microg. ...
Iwakura K - - 2000
Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE), myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE), and ultrasonic tissue characterization with integrated backscatter are useful methods for assessing myocardial viability in acute myocardial infarction. In this study, we compared the potential of 3 methods for predicting myocardial viability in 38 patients with reperfused anterior wall acute myocardial infarction. ...
Garot J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Tagged MRI of the heart is difficult to implement clinically because of the lack of fast analytical techniques. We investigated the accuracy of harmonic phase (HARP) imaging for rapid quantification of myocardial strains and for detailed analysis of left ventricular (LV) function during dobutamine stimulation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Tagged ...
Geleijnse M L - - 2000
AIMS: To risk stratify and shorten hospital stay in patients with spontaneous (resting) chest pain and a non-diagnostic electrocardiogram (ECG). METHODS AND RESULTS: The study comprised 102 patients (mean age 58+/-12 years, 67 men) with spontaneous chest pain and a non-diagnostic ECG. Forty-three patients had suspected coronary artery disease and ...
Zhao S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to investigate whether low-dose dobutamine-MRI can detect residual myocardial viability in patients with chronic myocardial infarction and, left ventricular dysfunction. METHODS: Eleven patients with chronic myocardial infarction and left ventricular dysfunction were employed for identification of viable myocardium by cine-MRI during dobutamine infusion. All patients underwent ...
Elhendy A - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly. The evaluation of coronary artery disease by exercise stress testing is frequently limited by the patient's inability to exercise. Although pharmacologic stress testing with dobutamine is an alternative, the safety of dobutamine myocardial perfusion scintigraphy in ...
Geleijnse M L - - 2000
AIMS: The aim of this review was to define the place of stress echocardiography in the context of perfusion scintigraphy for the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) and the assessment of cardiac risk. Stress echocardiography has the benefits of widespread availability, relatively low cost, portability, absence of radiation, and ...
Pressman G S - - 2000
A case is reported of acute myocardial infarction (MI) in a previously stented left anterior descending coronary artery, which occurred shortly after uneventful dobutamine stress echocardiography. Myocardial infarction precipitated by dobutamine has been reported only rarely, as has exercise-related MI after stenting. This is the first case of dobutamine-induced MI ...
Schöder H - - 2000
Mental stress testing has been proposed as a noninvasive tool to evaluate endothelium-dependent coronary vasomotion. In patients with coronary artery disease, mental stress can induce myocardial ischemia. However, even the determinants of the physiological myocardial blood flow (MBF) response to mental stress are poorly understood. Twenty-four individuals (12 males/12 females, ...
Palka P - - 2000
The aim of this study was to use Doppler myocardial imaging-derived mean myocardial velocity (MMV) at baseline and during low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) to quantify regional contractile reserve of the left ventricle (LV). Sixteen patients (mean age 59 +/- 7 years) with coronary artery disease and regional left ventricular ...
Smart S C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrophy is a heterogeneous disorder with distinct morphologies. Changes in wall thickness, left ventricular chamber diameter, and mass alter systolic wall stress of the left ventricle and may influence ischemic threshold. Thus, the goal of this study was to investigate the effect of the different patterns of ...
Tsutsui H - - 2000
The subendocardial side of myocardium makes a major contribution to left ventricular (LV) contraction and is very susceptible to ischemia. In this study we sought to quantify regional wall motion during low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) by using the myocardial velocity gradient (MVG) derived from tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). We ...
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