Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1389
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Lassnigg A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Perioperative infusion of the calcium channel antagonist diltiazem reduces the occurrence and extent of postoperative myocardial ischemia. However, recent reports also mention nitroglycerin as the drug of choice to prevent conduit spasm after coronary bypass grafting. The diagnosis of myocardial ischemia in the perioperative setting is still problematic. Dobutamine ...
Tsutamoto T - - 2001
This study evaluated oxidative stress in the failing ventricle in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Oxidative stress appears to increase in the failing myocardium and may contribute to ventricular dysfunction in patients with DCM. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), which is expressed in the failing heart, may stimulate oxidative stress. We ...
Rosenkranz S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Beside thrombolysis, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) has become a well-established treatment for acute myocardial infarction. However, restenosis occurs in approximately 15%-40% of patients. Despite a frequently occurring infarct-related regional systolic dysfunction at rest, the identification of hemodynamically relevant restenosis seems important in terms of risk stratification, adequate treatment, ...
Takechi N - - 2001
BACKGROUND: To detect and localize myocardial ischemia, a method that does not require physical exertion is sometimes needed in children with Kawasaki disease. METHODS: Dobutamine stress body surface mapping was performed in 115 children with a history of Kawasaki disease (58 without coronary artery lesions, 40 who had coronary lesions ...
Hirano Y - - 2001
We report the usefulness of 2-dimensional echocardiography during the cold-pressor test immediately after hyperventilation for noninvasive diagnosis of coronary vasospasm in 43 patients with suspected vasospastic angina. The stress test consisted of hyperventilation for 6 minutes, followed by cold water pressor stress for 2 minutes under continuous electrocardiographic and echocardiographic ...
Rollefson W A - - 2001
Coronary flow response to low-dose (5 and 10 micrograms/kg/min) dobutamine infusion was used to assess myocardial viability at the time of cardiac catheterization in 13 patients (age, 60 +/- 11 years) with recent myocardial infarction. Echocardiographic improvement in regional wall motion performed 4 to 6 weeks after discharge was used ...
Ioannidis J P - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We sought to quantitatively evaluate the evidence on the diagnostic performance of imaging technologies (including rest and stress echocardiography and technetium-99m sestamibi scanning) for the diagnosis of acute cardiac ischemia and acute myocardial infarction in the emergency department. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the ...
Honma H - - 2001
This study was designed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of the percentage of resting systolic wall thickening (WT), dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE), resting cyclic variation of integrated backscatter (IBS-CV), and low-dose dobutamine stress IBS-CV (DSE-IB) for the prediction of regional function recovery (RFR) in patients with chronic left ventricular (LV) ...
Duffy S J - - 2001
Visual and quantitative assessments of percent diameter stenosis on coronary angiography correlate poorly with functional testing, particularly in intermediate-severity (40%-70%) lesions, yet are frequently relied on to make decisions regarding revascularization. Coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) and relative CFVR (RCFVR) are promising methods for on-line functional assessment of lesion severity ...
De Felice F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The effects of recent pre-infarction angina on myocardial viability and residual ischemia are unknown. This study evaluates them in 90 patients with a first Q-wave myocardial infarction using early dobutamine stress echocardiography. METHODS: Patients were classified according to the absence or presence of recent pre-infarction angina, defined as chest ...
Rodriguez O - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Coronary angiography is the currently accepted standard means for assessing progression of coronary artery disease. A dipyridamole-echocardiography test (DET) might provide an alternative non-invasive functional imaging method for this purpose. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether variations in results of serial DET match variations in angiographic assessments of coronary artery disease. ...
Sammut I A - - 2001
Hyperthermic stress is known to protect against myocardial dysfunction after ischemia-reperfusion injury. It is unclear however, what energetic mechanisms are affected by the molecular adaptation to heat stress. We hypothesized that mild hyperthermic stress can increase mitochondrial respiratory enzyme activity, affording protection to mitochondrial energetics during prolonged cardiac preservation for ...
Duncan A M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To identify the effects of altered ventricular activation during dobutamine stress on left ventricular function in normal subjects and in patients with coronary artery disease, and to distinguish these from an inotropic response. DESIGN: Prospective analysis of 12 lead ECG and echocardiogram at rest and at peak stress. SETTING: ...
Bigi R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognostic value of stress echocardiography as an adjunct to exercise electrocardiography in patients with uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction. DESIGN: 496 patients underwent a maximum exercise ECG and pharmacological stress echocardiography (406 dobutamine and 90 dipyridamole) within 15 days of uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction and were followed ...
Ahmad M - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to test the feasibility and efficacy of using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT-3D) to detect ischemia during dobutamine-induced stress (DSE) and compares the results with conventional two-dimensional echocardiography (2D). BACKGROUND: Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography, a novel imaging technique, offers rapid acquisition with multiple simultaneous views of the ...
Cortigiani L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The outpatient prognostic assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD) by exercise electrocardiography has limitations, including the feasibility of the test and its low positive predictive value in several clinical conditions. In the current study we investigated the safety, feasibility, and prognostic value of pharmacologic stress echocardiography in a large ...
Dal Porto R - - 2001
Protocols for dipyridamole stress testing have evolved in the last 16 years in the neverending quest of optimal diagnostic accuracy and user friendliness. Higher dipyridamole dose in a shorter infusion time provides higher sensitivity, but concern over safety is still controversial. An accelerated high-dose (0.84 mg/kg in 6 minutes without ...
Marwick T H - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: We sought to find out whether dobutamine echocardiography (DbE) could provide independent prediction of total and cardiac mortality, incremental to clinical and angiographic variables. BACKGROUND: Existing outcome studies with DbE have examined composite end points, rather than death, over a relatively short follow-up. Clinical and stress data were collected ...
Porter T R - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine how successful pulse inversion Doppler (PID) imaging would be in detecting myocardial perfusion defects during dobutamine stress echocardiography. BACKGROUND: By transmitting multiple pulses of alternating polarity (PID) at a low mechanical index, myocardial contrast enhancement from intravenously injected microbubbles can be detected using real-time frame ...
Mc Entee K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether dobutamine stress tests (DST) can be used to detect cardiac dysfunction in dogs with early left ventricular dysfunction (ELVD) induced by rapid right ventricular pacing (RRVP). ANIMALS: 7 adult male Beagles. PROCEDURE: A pacemaker was surgically implanted in each dog at the level of the right ...
Bigi R - - 2001
AIMS: Revascularization procedures are increasingly applied in patients with single-vessel coronary artery disease in spite of the fact that a prognostic benefit has been proved only for soft end-points. This review summarizes the results of stress echocardiography in the diagnostic and prognostic assessment of these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: The ...
Nixdorff U - - 2001
AIMS: Native tissue second harmonic imaging (SHI) implemented in two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography was found to improve left ventricular (LV) endocardial border delineation. Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) depends on the ability to adequately visualize these borders. We analysed whether SHI, compared to fundamental imaging (FI), can improve echogenicity qualitatively and quantitatively, ...
Ijem J K - - 2001
Echocardiography is a versatile, accurate and readily available method for the evaluation of cardiac anatomy and function. Used in conjunction with exercise or pharmacological stress protocols, modern 2-dimensional echocardiographic techniques can readily assess regional, as well as global, left ventricular (LV) function, and provide information regarding the presence, severity and ...
Chierchia S L - - 2001
Trimetazidine, a metabolic agent that is opening the way to a new class of 3-ketoacyl coenzymeA thiolase inhibitors, has been shown to improve exercise tolerance and increase the ischaemic threshold in patients with effort angina, both in monotherapy or in combination with other anti-anginal drugs. The aim of this study ...
Kahn J H - - 2001
Pulsus alternans, alternating weak and strong beats occurring in a heart beating at a constant rate, has most often been reported in patients with severe, end-stage heart failure. This patient with New York Heart Association functional class I heart failure developed pulsus alternans during the inotropic stimulation of dobutamine that ...
Ho Y L - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ischemic patterns in patients with syndrome X are thought to differ from those in patients with myocardial bridge, because the mechanisms of coronary flow reduction in these two diseases are different. The aim of this study was to compare the ischemic patterns in patients with syndrome X ...
Senior R - - 2001
Coronary artery disease accounts for a majority of heart failure cases in the western world. Many cardiologists believe that abnormal regional contractions in patients with coronary artery disease is equivalent to irreversibly damaged myocardium. Studies now challenge this long-held assumption. Data exist regarding the value of assessing myocardial viability in ...
Singh B K - - 2001
Left ventricular function is one of the most important determinates of long-term prognosis in patients with coronary artery disease. In recent years, it has become apparent that left ventricular dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease is not always an irreversible process stemming from myocardial necrosis and fibrosis. Myocardial tissue ...
Marx R - - 2001
We report a patient who underwent bilateral internal thoracic artery implantation into the myocardium known as a Vineberg procedure 27 years ago. Coronary angiography and Doppler echocardiography revealed patent grafts with total occlusion of all native coronary arteries. We measured flow velocities at rest and under stress conditions with noninvasive ...
Gottdiener J S - - 2001
Responses of the heart to changes in our environment are probably even more important than how the heart functions at rest. Accordingly, stress testing with noninvasive imaging has become important for diagnosis, prognosis, and monitoring the effects of therapy. Echocardiography at rest and with stress permits characterization of global and ...
Monassier L - - 2001
Sympathetic overactivity is a common feature of certain cardiovascular diseases. An acute activation of the sympathetic nervous system can provoke angina pectoris attacks through the increase of myocardial oxygen demand, frequently associated to coronary arterial constriction. It can also promote cardiac arrhythmias leading, in some cases, to cardiac sudden death. ...
Ganapathy S - - 2001
Cardiac surgery elicits a cascade of stress responses mediated by the release of various cytokines and stress hormones [Roth-Isigkeit 1998]. Apart from the stress induced by the surgical process, cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been documented to play a major role in the perioperative stress response seen following cardiac surgery [Butler ...
Bavelaar-Croon C D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Quantitative electrocardiogram-gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial imaging (QGS) is a means of providing functional information about the left ventricle and myocardial perfusion. However, the functional information derived 30 minutes post-stress may be different from the left ventricular (LV) function determined at rest. This study determined whether ...
Tadamura E - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to compare the absolute myocardial blood flow (MBF) after intravenous dipyridamole infusion with that during dobutamine-atropine administration in normal healthy male volunteers. BACKGROUND: Both safety and usefulness of dobutamine-atropine stress in myocardial perfusion imaging have been reported. However, no information exists on whether the ...
Pace L - - 2000
Accurate assessment of myocardial viability permits selection of patients who would benefit from myocardial revascularization. Currently, rest-redistribution thallium-201 scintigraphy and low-dose dobutamine echocardiography are among the most used techniques for the identification of viable myocardium. Thirty-one consecutive patients (all men, mean age 60 +/- 8 years) with chronic coronary artery ...
Sitges M - - 2000
Previous reports have demonstrated the superiority of exercise echocardiography over exercise electro-cardiography (ex-ECG) for risk stratification in patients with medically stabilized unstable angina (UA). We sought to analyze the prognostic value of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) compared with ex-ECG for risk stratification in patients with UA. METHODS: Ninety-two patients with ...
Tavilla G - - 2000
BACKGROUND: To investigate the functional capacity of the right gastroepiploic artery graft (GEA) and its ability to adapt to provide adequate flow at peak myocardial demand, we investigated the feasibility of determining coronary flow reserve (CFR) provided by this vessel using transabdominal color Doppler echocardiography and the correlation between this ...
Kuroda T - - 2000
To evaluate the relationship between the mental stress-induced decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and the severity of exercise-induced ischaemia, 20 patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) underwent radionuclide ventriculography during mental stress testing and stress myocardial perfusion single-photon emission tomography (SPET). We also examined whether changes in ...
Joseph T - - 2000
AIMS: The purpose of the study was to prospectively evaluate the effectiveness of left ventricular volume changes analysis as compared to wall motion assessment for detecting coronary artery disease during dobutamine stress echocardiography in patients undergoing elective vascular surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: Left ventricular volumes, measured by using the ellipsoid ...
Naruse H - - 2000
It is likely that a close association exists between findings obtained by two methods: dobutamine stress echocardiography and 123I-MIBG scintigraphy. Both of these methods are associated with beta-adrenergic receptor mechanisms. This study was conducted to demonstrate the relation between myocardial response to dobutamine stress and sympathetic nerve release of norepinephrine ...
Gramling-Babb P M PM Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston 29425, - - 2000
To extend the duration of high thoracic epidural analgesia (HTEA) treatment compared with the authors' previous studies, to test the hypothesis that the mechanism by which HTEA reduces angina during long-term treatment includes an improvement in myocardial blood flow distribution and a reduction in stress-induced ischemia, and to show that ...
Wu C C - - 2000
Ultrasonic tissue characterization with integrated backscatter is an objective method to quantitatively define the physical state of the myocardium. To determine if backscatter imaging during inotropic stimulation could be used objectively to determine the myocardial viability and ischemia in patients with ischemic heart disease, the backscatter changes were examined in ...
Fearon W F - - 2000
The goal of the present study was to compare the use of pressure-derived myocardial fractional flow reserve for detecting ischemia with nuclear stress imaging in patients undergoing stent placement for intermediate coronary lesions. We demonstrated that myocardial fractional flow reserve detects ischemia in intermediate coronary lesions accurately when compared with ...
Skiles J A - - 2000
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) provides excellent delineation of ventricular function in the ambulatory and critical settings. Major indications include the acutely ill patient with suboptimal images with other techniques and the intraoperative assessment of patients undergoing cardiac surgery and of cardiac patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. The methodology of quantification of ventricular ...
Brown K A - - 2000
The use of noninvasive stress cardiac imaging for stratifying risk in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease is growing as a tool for identification of the subgroup most likely to benefit from the expense and risk of more invasive procedures, including cardiac catheterization and coronary revascularization. In this ...
Rainbird A J - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: We compared a new two-stage transesophageal atrial pacing stress echocardiography (TAPSE) protocol with a standard dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) protocol. BACKGROUND: Transesophageal atrial pacing stress echocardiography has been proposed as an efficient alternative to DSE. METHODS: Two-stage TAPSE (85% and 100% of age-predicted maximum heart rate) and DSE (5 ...
Locke M - - 2000
In cultured cells, salicylate has been shown to potentiate the induction of Hsp72 so that a mild heat stress (40 degrees C) in the presence of salicylate induces an Hsp72 response that is similar to a severe heat stress (42 degrees C). To determine whether salicylate can potentiate the myocardial ...
Pauly D F - - 2000
Metabolic support for the heart has been an attractive concept since the pioneering work of Sodi-Pallares et al. four decades ago.* Recently, interest has increased in the use of over-the-counter supplements and naturally occurring nutriceuticals for enhancement of cardiac and skeletal muscle performance. These include amino acids such as creatine, ...
Rambaldi R - - 2000
We followed 229 consecutive patients exhibiting negative T waves on infarct-related electrocardiographic leads; these patients underwent dobutamine stress echocardiography within 10 days after a first uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction. T-wave normalization, but not ST-segment elevation, recognized patients at higher risk of cardiac events and optimized the prognostic accuracy of both ...
Smart S C - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: We sought to compare dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography (DASE) and dipyridamole Technetium 99-m (Tc-99m) sestamibi single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) scintigraphy (DMIBI) for detecting coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND: Both DASE and DMIBI are effective for evaluating patients for CAD, but their concordance and limitations have not been directly ...
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