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Ciaroni Stefano S Service de cardiologie, Hôpital de la Tour, Meyrin-Geneva, - - 2002
The prognostic value of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DE) in elderly patients over 70 years of age with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) and an abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) at rest has not been well documented. We investigated 158 consecutive outpatients (97 men) aged 76 +/- 4 years presenting with right bundle ...
Yoshinaga Keiichiro - - 2002
The detection of viable myocardium is important for the prediction of functional recovery after revascularisation. However, a fixed perfusion defect often includes viable myocardium, and perfusion imaging then underestimates myocardial viability. We previously reported that low-dose dobutamine stress gated single-photon emission tomography (SPET) provides similar findings to dobutamine stress echocardiography ...
Cosyns Bernard - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In the postmyocardial infarction period, late potentials (LPs) are a sensitive marker for the occurrence of sustained ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation. The relationship between positive signal-averaged electrocardiogram (SAECG) and myocardial viability remains controversial. The aim of the present study was to assess prospectively the possible relationship between LPs ...
Cho S - - 2002
Hibernating myocardium refers to regions of impaired left ventricular function at rest due to coronary artery disease that is reversible with revascularization. The accurate identification and assessment of myocardial viability is a critical aspect of the management of the patient with coronary artery disease and left ventricular dysfunction. Several non-invasive ...
Zaglavara T - - 2002
To assess the accuracy of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) and the optimal dose of dobutamine to detect myocardial viability in patients with ischaemic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction who are taking beta blockers, using the recovery of function six months artery revascularisation as the benchmark. 17 patients with ischaemic LV dysfunction ...
Scognamiglio Roldano - - 2002
In patients with diabetes and coronary artery disease, the potential negative role of sulfonylurea drugs is under intensive investigation. We assessed the effects of treatment with glibenclamide or insulin on the extension of left ventricular myocardial dysfunction induced by acute ischemia. Nineteen consecutive patients with type 2 diabetes and coronary ...
Matsuoka Masako - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken for the determination of the correlation between myocardial viability and regional systolic mitral annular motion velocity (MAV) response to dobutamine stress in patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI) with pulsed tissue Doppler scan imaging. METHODS: The study included 45 patients (mean age, 65 +/- 12 ...
González-Correa C A - - 2002
This paper reports a preliminary finding associated with an investigation of how tissues respond to mechanical stress. The stress distribution within the tissue may be the result of normal function, for example, joint forces, or it may result from interventions such as tissue suturing during or after surgery. We sought ...
Gill Robert M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Catecholamines and many inotropic agents increase cardiac contractility but also cause excessive myocardial O2 consumption (MVO2). We determined if the novel Na+ channel enhancer LY341311, which increases myocardial contractility independent of beta receptors, can produce significant cardiac inotropic effects compared with dobutamine but at lower oxygen cost in conscious ...
Polad J E - - 2002
A 65 year old woman with history of ischaemic heart disease underwent standard adenosine stress test for myocardial perfusion imaging. She sustained inferior myocardial infarction during the final stages of the stress test. She was admitted to the coronary care unit and received thrombolytic treatment. The patient made an uneventful ...
Nishioka Toshihiko - - 2002
This clinical study examines the diagnostic accuracy of exercise echocardiography for detecting significant coronary stenoses in infarct-related arteries in patients with healed myocardial infarction. Quantitative coronary angiography and exercise echocardiography using treadmill testing were performed within 2 weeks of each other in 123 patients with a prior myocardial infarction. Coronary ...
Morishita Tsuyoshi - - 2002
The present study was designed to examine whether long-term blockade of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) with perindopril ameliorates dobutamine-induced myocardial ischemia in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Twelve patients with proven CAD were randomly divided in two groups; one group received perindopril (8 mg/day, p.o.) for 3 months and another ...
Hamamichi Yuji - - 2002
Dobutamine (DOB) stress radionuclide ventriculography (RVG) is proposed for evaluating left ventricular performance in patients with Kawasaki disease (KD). Dobutamine stress RVG, up to 15 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1), was performed in 40 patients with a history of KD, some of whom had a perfusion defect (PD group) on ...
Zamorano José Luis - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Dobutamine echocardiography and thalium 201 are useful in the assessment of myocardial viability, but both techniques frequently yield conflicting results. The objective of this study was to determine the minimum mass of viable myocardium that each test could detect and compare the agreement of dobutamine echocardiography and thallium 201 ...
Hansen Christopher L - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Elevated lung-heart ratio (LHR) and transient ischemic dilation (TID) have been identified as markers of severe coronary artery disease after both exercise and pharmacologic stress testing. We have previously demonstrated a very weak correlation between elevated LHR and TID after exercise, which suggests that they reflect different pathophysiologic manifestations ...
Dagdeviren Bahadir - - 2002
Conventional resting echocardiography is not able to predict contractile reserve (CR) of patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the videodensitometric myocardial texture analysis could predict the CR of these patients. Myocardial texture analysis was performed on echocardiographic digitized images of 27 patients ...
Schmidt André - - 2002
Transient increase in diastolic wall thickness (pseudohypertrophy) during pacing stress echocardiography has been reported in normal myocardium. To evaluate the occurrence of pseudohypertrophy and to investigate the contribution of myocardial ischemia on its production during pacing and dobutamine stress echocardiography, we produced a physiologically significant coronary stenosis in 14 open ...
Nijland F - - 2002
To evaluate whether the presence of viable myocardium, detected by low dose dobutamine echocardiography, limits the likelihood of left ventricular dilatation in patients with acute myocardial infarction. 107 patients were studied by low dose dobutamine echocardiography at (mean (SD)) 3 (1) days after acute myocardial infarction. Cross sectional echocardiography was ...
Pratali L - - 2001
Dobutamine stress echo provides potentially useful information on idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC). From February 1, 1997, to October 1, 1999, 186 patients (131 men and 55 women, mean age 56 +/- 12 years) with IDC, ejection fraction <35%, and angiographically normal coronary arteries were studied by high-dose (up to 40 ...
Ali Raza J - - 2001
Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of death in the developed countries for those older than 65 years of age. In patients suspected to have coronary artery disease a stress test should be performed to identify the vulnerability of the myocardium to ischemia. As a rule of thumb, the ...
Piscione F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of chronic coronary occlusion on the accuracy of low dose dobutamine echocardiography in predicting recovery of dysfunctional myocardium after revascularisation. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre. PATIENTS: 53 consecutive patients with >/= 70% stenosis of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) and regional ...
Krantz D S - - 2001
Mental stress has long been implicated as a potential trigger of myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death. This article reviews research conducted in the past two decades utilizing laboratory studies to investigate behaviorally-induced pathophysiological effects (including increased cardiac demand, decreased myocardial supply, and impaired dilation of coronary resistance vessels), in ...
Pálinkás A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The safety of ergonovine/ergometrine stress testing for coronary vasospasm when performed outside the cardiac catheterization laboratory (cath lab) has been questioned vigorously. AIM: To assess the tolerability and safety of ergonovine/ergometrine stress testing performed in the echocardiographic laboratory (echo lab). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data prospectively collected in ...
Nedeljkovic M A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic accuracy of the physical and pharmacological stress echocardiography tests is higher than routine exercise electrocardiography. They have an acceptable safety profile and have been rarely associated with severe adverse effects. CASE REPORT: We present a case of acute anterior myocardial reinfarction immediately after exercise and pharmacological (dipyridamole-atropine) ...
Cochrane Nils - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the hypothesis that interpersonal physical contact experience contributes importantly to the capacity to cope with stress. DESIGN: Participants with differing physical contact experience were compared in respect of their coping with a standard adverse life event. METHOD: A total of 137 survivors of a first myocardial ...
Stewart S H - - 2001
We examined the effects of anxiety sensitivity (AS) and arousal induction on heartbeat awareness and heart rate reactivity in a nonclinical undergraduate sample. Students were randomly selected from a larger screening sample to fill two groups (high and low AS; n = 15 per group) based on Anxiety Sensitivity Index ...
Bigi R - - 2001
The ability of different dobutamine-induced wall motion patterns to define the anatomic status of the infarct-related artery (IRA) was evaluated in 159 patients who underwent dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) and coronary angiography 10 +/- 2 and 18 +/- 3 days, respectively, after hospital admission. The DSE result was classified as: ...
Pelberg R A - - 2001
In chronic coronary artery disease, resting myocardial dysfunction can exist despite normal resting transmural myocardial blood flow (MBF). We hypothesized that this phenomenon occurs because of diminished endocardial MBF reserve. MBF (measured with radiolabeled microspheres) and wall thickening (WT) (measured with echocardiography) were assessed in 7 dogs after the development ...
Vitarelli A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Transesophageal dobutamine stress echocardiography (T-DSE) has been shown to be a sensitive and specific technique for the detection of myocardial ischemia. A major limitation of echocardiographic study interpretation, however, is the subjective visual analysis of endocardial motion and wall thickening, which is only semiquantitative. METHODS: To analyze whether T-DSE ...
Dolan M S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The study evaluates whether Optison used during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) will improve endocardial border definition and whether this will translate to an improvement in sensitivity and specificity of the test in patients with poor echocardiographic windows. DSE is extremely valuable in the workup of patients with coronary artery ...
Choy J B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Increased lung uptake of thallium 201 during myocardial perfusion scintigraphy is related to severe coronary artery disease (CAD), but a similar relationship for technetium 99m sestamibi has not been clearly established. METHODS AND RESULTS: Resting and stress lung-heart ratios (LHR) were retrospectively determined in 96 patients who underwent Tc-99m ...
Borges A C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the specificity and sensitivity of the combination of dipyridamole and dobutamine echocardiography for predicting functional recovery in patients with reduced ventricular function after coronary angioplasty. METHODS: Twenty-five patients, mean (SD) age 60.8 (10) years, with previous myocardial infarction (> 3 months), angiographically assessed coronary artery disease, and ...
Yuan D - - 2001
Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) is used widely to evaluate myocardial viability, but is limited by the subjective nature of test interpretation. Assessment of systolic function by pulsed tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) during dobutamine stimulation may allow a more objective evaluation of myocardial functional reserve and, thus, myocardial viability. In 30 ...
Wang C H - - 2001
An elevated cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and a positive dobutamine echocardiography are powerful predictors for future cardiac events in patients with coronary artery disease. Investigating their correlation also should be helpful in understanding their clinical usefulness in evaluating patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Dobutamine echocardiography and a blood sampling ...
Ling L H - - 2001
Systolic and especially diastolic Doppler time intervals may be early markers of myocardial ischemia inducible by dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography (DASE). We postulated that the Doppler myocardial performance index (MPI) may help differentiate ischemic from nonischemic responses. Hemodynamic and Doppler echocardiography variables were measured prospectively at every stress level of DASE ...
Davar J I - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognostic significance of stress echocardiography in women with a high probability of coronary artery disease (CAD). SETTING: Secondary and tertiary cardiology unit at a university teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 135 women (mean (SD) age 63 (9) years) with pre-test probability of CAD > or ...
Golia G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported the prognostic value of myocardial viability (MV) detected using low-dose dobutamine echocardiography (DbE). However, viability was frequently evaluated as improvement in regional wall motion score index, which includes increased function in hypokinetic segments, in which viable myocardium is necessarily present. It is not known whether ...
Bonou M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The functional and prognostic significance of silent ischemia relative to symptomatic ischemia during non-invasive testing remains controversial. DESIGN: The aim of this prospective study was to assess whether the presence of dobutamine-induced silent ischemia was associated with the amount of myocardial ischemic burden and to determine the prognostic significance ...
Gerber B L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Gd-DTPA contrast-enhanced (CE) MRI identifies patterns of early hypoenhancement and delayed hyperenhancement in acute myocardial infarction, but their clinical significance for the prediction of myocardial viability remains controversial. Therefore, we closely examined the relationship between these CE patterns and regional inotropic response to low-dose dobutamine infusion at a regional ...
De Felice F - - 2001
We assessed the accuracy of early dobutamine stress echocardiography to detect infarct-related coronary artery and multivessel disease in patients with first Q wave myocardial infarction after withdrawal of cardioactive drugs. Dobutamine-atropine echocardiography was performed in 91 consecutive patients (mean age 59+/-6 years) 7+/-4 days after myocardial infarction. Dobutamine was infused ...
Hardt S E - - 2001
AIM: Myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) during adenosine induced hyperemia is an experimental method that detects flow limiting coronary artery stenosis by visualizing myocardial perfusion defects. Noninvasive detection of flow limiting coronary artery stenosis in clinical routine is a frequent domaine of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) visualizing ischemia related regional wall ...
Takeuchi M - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of measuring coronary flow velocity (CFV) by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTDE) in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) during contrast-enhanced dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE). We also assessed the value of TTDE for detecting stress-induced myocardial ischemia in the ...
Burger A J - - 2001
Ventricular arrhythmias are common in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) and may be exacerbated by positive inotropic therapy. Because human B-type natriuretic peptide (nesiritide), an arterial and venodilator, inhibits sympathetic activity, it may decrease the incidence of arrhythmias. Our investigation compares the arrhythmogenicity of dobutamine with nesiritide. A total ...
Yu X - - 2001
Dipyridamole stress integrated backscatter (IBS) was used for evaluation of myocardial ischemia or damage in 31 children with coronary artery lesions caused by Kawasaki disease, in comparison with thallium-201 myocardial imaging. All patients underwent echocardiography at rest and after dipyridamole stress at the anterior interventricular septum, posterior wall (PW), and ...
Schmidt A - - 2001
To compare the sensitivity of dipyridamole, dobutamine and pacing stress echocardiography for the detection of myocardial ischemia we produced a physiologically significant stenosis in the left circumflex artery of 14 open-chest dogs (range: 50 to 89% reduction in luminal diameter). In each study, dobutamine (5 to 40 microg kg(-1) min(-1) ...
Lassnigg A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Perioperative infusion of the calcium channel antagonist diltiazem reduces the occurrence and extent of postoperative myocardial ischemia. However, recent reports also mention nitroglycerin as the drug of choice to prevent conduit spasm after coronary bypass grafting. The diagnosis of myocardial ischemia in the perioperative setting is still problematic. Dobutamine ...
Tsutamoto T - - 2001
This study evaluated oxidative stress in the failing ventricle in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Oxidative stress appears to increase in the failing myocardium and may contribute to ventricular dysfunction in patients with DCM. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), which is expressed in the failing heart, may stimulate oxidative stress. We ...
Rosenkranz S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Beside thrombolysis, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) has become a well-established treatment for acute myocardial infarction. However, restenosis occurs in approximately 15%-40% of patients. Despite a frequently occurring infarct-related regional systolic dysfunction at rest, the identification of hemodynamically relevant restenosis seems important in terms of risk stratification, adequate treatment, ...
Takechi N - - 2001
BACKGROUND: To detect and localize myocardial ischemia, a method that does not require physical exertion is sometimes needed in children with Kawasaki disease. METHODS: Dobutamine stress body surface mapping was performed in 115 children with a history of Kawasaki disease (58 without coronary artery lesions, 40 who had coronary lesions ...
Hirano Y - - 2001
We report the usefulness of 2-dimensional echocardiography during the cold-pressor test immediately after hyperventilation for noninvasive diagnosis of coronary vasospasm in 43 patients with suspected vasospastic angina. The stress test consisted of hyperventilation for 6 minutes, followed by cold water pressor stress for 2 minutes under continuous electrocardiographic and echocardiographic ...
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