Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1384
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Navare Sachin M - - 2003
Pharmacologic stress testing with myocardial perfusion imaging has enabled patients who cannot complete adequate exercise to undergo diagnostic and prognostic evaluation for coronary artery disease. Pharmacologic stress agents belong to two groups: vasodilators (such as adenosine and dipyridamole), and inotropes (such as dobutamine). All have similar sensitivity (89%-91%) and specificity ...
Ghio Stefano - - 2003
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that an extensive contractile reserve identified recognised by means of dobutamine stress echocardiography may predict a better prognosis in patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction at rest. However, the clinical use of dobutamine stress echocardiography may be limited in patients with chronic heart failure by ...
Innes Carmen A - - 2003
Levosimendan (Simdax) is a calcium-sensitising drug that stabilises the troponin molecule in cardiac muscle, thus prolonging its effects on contractile proteins, with concomitant vasodilating properties. Intravenous levosimendan (12-24 microg/kg loading dose followed by 0.1-0.2 microg/kg/min for 24 hours, adjusted for response and tolerability) is approved for the short-term treatment of ...
Khoury V K - - 2003
Glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK) infusion improves cardiac function and outcome during acute ischaemia. To determine whether GIK infusion benefits patients with chronic ischaemic left ventricular dysfunction, and if so whether this is related to the presence and nature of viable myocardium. 30 patients with chronic ischaemic left ventricular dysfunction had dobutamine echocardiography ...
De Caro E - - 2003
To assess the feasibility, safety, and diagnostic accuracy of transoesophageal atrial pacing stress echocardiography (TAPSE) combined with two dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for evaluation of coronary perfusion in patients undergoing arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries. TAPSE combined with TTE was performed at the end of cardiac ...
Elhendy Abdou - - 2002
The accurate noninvasive diagnosis and functional evaluation of coronary artery disease is an important step in selecting the appropriate management strategy. Dobutamine stress myocardial perfusion imaging is an alternative to exercise in patients with limited exercise capacity. In many centers, the test is performed on patients who have a contraindication ...
Schinkel Arend F L - - 2002
PURPOSE: To determine the long-term prognostic value of dobutamine stress technetium 99m (99mTc)-labeled sestamibi single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in patients with limited exercise capacity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data and SPECT results were analyzed in 531 consecutive patients. Follow-up was successful in 528 (99.4%) patients; 55 underwent early ...
Longobardi Giancarlo - - 2002
Nitrate tolerance remains a problem despite an enormous number of studies on this phenomenon. The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of nitroglycerin transdermal patches intermittently or continuously administered to patients with myocardial ischemia evaluated by the echocardiography dipyridamole stress test. We prospectively studied 34 coronary ...
Abbas Amr E - - 2002
Dobutamine stress echocardiography is a frequently used noninvasive method for the evaluation of inducible myocardial ischemia, myocardial viability, and preoperative cardiac risk. Although its clinical safety has been validated, side effects and complications especially with the coadministration of atropine can occur. We report a case of generalized tetany in a ...
Shen Weiqun - - 2002
We compared the cardiac inotropic, chronotropic, and myocardial O(2) consumption (MVO(2)) responses to the sodium (Na(+)) channel enhancer, LY341311 [(S)-4-[3-[[1-(diphenyl-methyl)-3-azetidinyl]oxy]-2-hydroxypropoxy]-1H-indole-2-carbonitrile monohydrate], with the beta-receptor agonist dobutamine in conscious dogs with heart failure. Heart failure was induced in chronically instrumented dogs by right ventricular pacing at 240 beats per minute for ...
Scrutinio Domenico - - 2002
In patients with chronic heart failure, myocardial contractile responsiveness to dobutamine is diminished as a result of beta-receptor desensitization due to chronic adrenergic activation. Changes in beta-receptor effector mechanisms are more marked in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) than in ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. As the magnitude of the dobutamine effect is ...
Cemin Roberto - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown the important role played by intracoronary myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) in predicting the long-term remodeling and function after myocardial infarction. The left ventricular volume is an important determinant of the clinical outcome following an acute event. No data, however, are available on the role of ...
Ciaroni Stefano - - 2002
We report on the observation, in a 50-year-old woman undergoing dobutamine stress echocardiography, of the simultaneous onset of complete left bundle branch block and anginal chest pain, unaccompanied by any abnormality of left ventricular segmental contraction or wall thickening. Further etiologic investigations, in particular for coronary artery disease, proved negative. ...
Hoque Azizul - - 2002
Limited data suggest that stress myocardial perfusion imaging and stress echocardiography have similar prognostic value for composite cardiac events. However, it is not known whether exercise echocardiography and stress thallium are similar in their prediction of specific cardiac events, eg, death, sudden death, myocardial infarction, unstable angina, and congestive heart ...
Schinkel Arend F l - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Q waves on the electrocardiogram are often considered to be reflective of irreversibly scarred myocardium due to antecedent transmural myocardial infarction. However, there are some indications that residual viable tissue may be present in Q-wave-infarcted regions. It is clinically relevant to know how many Q-wave regions contain viable tissue ...
Hundley W Gregory - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Regional assessments of left ventricular (LV) wall motion obtained during MRI cardiac stress tests can be used to identify myocardial injury and ischemia, but the utility of MRI stress test results for the assessment of cardiac prognosis is not known. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred seventy-nine patients referred (because ...
Yuda Satoshi - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine whether wall stress at rest and during stress could explain the influence of left ventricular (LV) morphology on the accuracy of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE). BACKGROUND: The sensitivity of DSE appears to be reduced in patients with concentric remodeling, but the ...
Jackson Paul A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMA) demonstrated by dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) are a sensitive predictor of coronary artery disease (CAD) in heart transplant recipients. However, RWMA have been shown to occur in patients with angiographically "normal" coronary arteries. The reasons for this are unknown. We sought to determine if ...
Cherrington Candace C - - 2002
The administration of psychologically provocative research instruments could serve as a transient source of stress and spuriously affect results. To determine whether the administration of selected psychosocial instruments activates the stress response, we examined the physiological stress response of stable patients post-myocardial infarction (MI) to completing the Beck Depression Inventory, ...
Pálinkás A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In the stress imaging era, ECG positivity is regarded as a frequent source of false-positive responses. However, it is known that normal coronary arteries frequently coexist with abnormal endothelial function in patients with chest pain. AIM: To evaluate the anatomical coronary epicardial, and functional systemic endothelial determinants of wall ...
Takeuchi Masaaki - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between coronary flow velocity (CFV) measured by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTDE) and wall motion during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in patients with resting wall motion abnormalities (WMAs). One hundred fifty patients with resting WMA in the left anterior descending coronary ...
Dahan Michel - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Stress nuclear imaging is the noninvasive technique currently used to detect coronary artery disease (CAD) in dialysis patients. Stress echocardiography is recognized as an alternative to stress nuclear imaging for the general population. The aim of this study is to assess the diagnostic accuracy of stress echocardiography for detecting ...
Moreno Juan Batista González - - 2002
Seventy-eight consecutive patients (mean 63 +/- 10 years, 79.5% men) with a history of myocardial infarction and indication of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were studied with low dose dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) before (DSE 1) and at 3-month follow-up (DSE 2) to evaluate its clinical utility in the detection ...
Main Michael L - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the relative accuracy of myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) and low-dose dobutamine echocardiography (LDDE) in predicting recovery of left ventricular (LV) function in patients with a recent anterior wall myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND: Left ventricular dysfunction after acute MI may be secondary to myocardial stunning or ...
Schinkel Arend F L - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Exercise tolerance in patients with diabetes is frequently impaired due to noncardiac disease such as claudication and polyneuropathy. This study assesses the prognostic value of dobutamine stress myocardial perfusion imaging in patients with diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 207 consecutive diabetic patients who were unable to ...
Colonna Paolo - - 2002
BACKGROUND: After acute myocardial infarction the preservation of the microvasculature is a pre-requisite for myocardial viability, limited ventricular remodeling and a better prognosis. Intracoronary myocardial contrast echocardiography after acute myocardial infarction can detect the extent of microvascular damage. We hypothesized that intravenous myocardial contrast echocardiography after acute myocardial infarction treated ...
Carstensen S - - 2002
AIMS: To investigate the usefulness of fractional area change with respect to the diagnosis of coronary artery disease in patients undergoing dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-eight echogenic patients with a normal left ventricular function referred for coronary angiography underwent dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography. Measures of fractional area change by ...
Kertai M D - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: to compare the additional prognostic value of Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography (DSE), Dipyridamole Stress Echocardiography (DiSE) and Perfusion Scintigraphy (DTS) on clinical risk factors in patients undergoing major vascular surgery. DESIGN: retrospective analysis. MATERIALS: 2204 consecutive patients who underwent DSE (n=1093), DiSE (n=394), or DTS (n=717) testing before major vascular ...
Lee Dong Soo - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The prognoses of patients with false-negative test results by myocardial single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and by stress echocardiography are known to be different; the prognosis with false-negative SPECT is better in suspected and proven coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Three strategies by which to diagnose ...
Dupont Frank W - - 2002
In patients with coronary artery disease, chronic regional left ventricular systolic dysfunction at rest may be caused by hibernating or by infarcted myocardium. Intraoperative low-dose dobutamine (LDD) echocardiography reliably predicts the immediate recovery of regional myocardial function after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. We sought to determine whether intraoperative ...
Bonetti Piero O - - 2002
OBJECTIVES; This study was designed to assess the lipid-independent effects of simvastatin on myocardial perfusion (MP) and coronary microvascular permeability index (PI) at baseline and during episodes of increased cardiac demand in experimental hypercholesterolemia. BACKGROUND: Simvastatin preserves coronary endothelial function in experimental hypercholesterolemia independent of its lipid-lowering effect. However, the ...
Kulhanek Jan - - 2002
Safety of performing adenosine myocardial perfusion stress testing as early as 24 h after acute uncomplicated myocardial infarction is not known. We evaluated 31(14 females and 17 males, average age 72, range 46-89 years) consecutive patients with uncomplicated myocardial infarction, who underwent adenosine myocardial perfusion stress imaging, 24-72 h after ...
Calza G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: To evaluate oxidative stress and myocardial damage after aortic crossclamping release (ACCR) during cardio pulmonary bypass (CPB) in children two parameters were investigated: total glutathione (GSH) and its oxidoreductive reactions (GSH/GSSG) as expression of oxidative stress, and plasmatic turnover of myocardial taurine (TAU) as expression of cell damage. METHODS: ...
Humma Larisa M - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the pharmacodynamic parameters of dobutamine during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) and to determine how beta-blocker withdrawal the evening before DSE affects responses to dobutamine during DSE. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: University medical center. PATIENTS: One hundred thirty-six women who had chest pain or other symptoms suggestive ...
Grünig Ekkehard - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Due to its higher diagnostic accuracy stress echocardiography (SE) has been advocated as a substitute for stress ECG to detect coronary heart disease (CAD). However, its contribution to clinical decision-making in unselected patients presenting to the ambulatory care centre for known or suspected coronary artery disease is unclear. METHODS: ...
Bin Jian-Ping - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that, although the effects of dipyridamole and dobutamine on myocardial blood volume (MBV) and mean microbubble velocity (VEL) are different, the magnitude of perfusion deficit during both forms of stress is the same because both drugs unmask abnormal myocardial blood flow (MBF) reserve. BACKGROUND: Both dipyridamole and ...
Porter Thomas R - - 2002
Myocardial contrast enhancement following intravenous infusions or injections of perfluorocarbon-containing microbubbles has now been observed consistently in humans. Currently, the major challenge facing us is interpreting accurately what we see. The myocardial contrast patterns we observe have, thus far, been shown to detect myocardial perfusion abnormalities during dipyridamole, adenosine, and ...
Haghani Kamyar - - 2002
Contractile reserve (CR) during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) identifies patients with coronary artery disease whose left ventricular function and prognosis may improve after revascularization. To test the hypothesis that the early stages of upright bicycle-exercise echocardiography (LLEx) result in CR comparable with DSE, 30 patients 1 week after myocardial infarction ...
Cortigiani Lauro - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To establish whether safety and feasibility of dobutamine and dipyridamole stress echocardiography are affected by history of hypertension. METHODS: Data on 2200 consecutive pharmacologic stress echocardiography (959 dobutamine and 1241 dipyridamole) performed between October 1990 and February 2001 at a single cardiology centre, were analysed. RESULTS: There were two ...
Okçün BariƟ - - 2002
Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) has become widely accepted in the evaluation of adult patients with coronary heart disease. There are new challenges about the use of DSE in the pediatric age group to document ischemia. DSE can demonstrate ischemia noninvasively in Kawasaki disease (KD) patients who are candidates for coronary ...
Strum David P - - 2002
We studied the effect of systemic dobutamine infusion (4 microg. kg(-1). min(-1) IV) on regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMAs) in eight anesthetized open-chested dogs. We hypothesized that infusion of small doses of dobutamine would reduce RWMAs and improve global ventricular function. Apical RWMAs were induced by local intracoronary boluses of ...
Hirano Yutaka - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the usefulness of hyperventilation and cold-pressor stress echocardiography in the diagnosis of vasospastic angina compared with that of iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine (123I-MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy. BACKGROUND: Various noninvasive methods have been used to detect vasospastic angina, but they are not very sensitive in the diagnosis of vasospastic angina. 123I-MIBG ...
Marwick Thomas H - - 2002
Stress echocardiography has been shown to improve the diagnosis of coronary artery disease in the presence of hypertension, but its value in prognostic evaluation is unclear. We sought to determine whether stress echocardiography could be used to predict mortality in 2363 patients with hypertension, who were followed for up to ...
Swinburn J M A - - 2002
AIMS: Power pulse inversion echocardiography is a new technique by which contrast microbubbles can be visualised in real time within the myocardium, enabling simultaneous assessment of myocardial function and microvascular integrity, which is a prerequisite for myocardial viability. We aimed to determine whether microvascular integrity using power pulse inversion can ...
Kramer Christopher M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare the qualitative response to low-dose dobutamine by echocardiography (DSE) with the quantitative response of magnetic resonance myocardial tagging (DMRT) in the prediction and evaluation of functional improvement after reperfused myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: Twenty-two patients with a reperfused first MI (aged 51 +/- 2 ...
Yetkin Ertan - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography (LDDSE) is one of the methods most used to assess myocardial viability. Glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK) infusion has been shown to increase contraction of the ischemic zone. The aim of this study was to compare LDDSE and echocardiography during GIK infusion for detection of myocardial viability. METHODS: ...
Kamalesh Masoor - - 2002
Patients with a negative transthoracic stress echocardiographic study (TTE-SE) are at low risk for adverse cardiac events. Because of a higher sensitivity for detection of coronary artery disease, transesophageal dobutamine stress echocardiography (TEE-DSE) might permit identification of an even lower risk population. We compared the relative prognostic values of TTE-SE ...
Abraham Theodore P - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Time to onset of regional relaxation (T(R)) has been proposed as a novel index of regional myocardial function. This study sought to prospectively establish the feasibility and variability of T(R) in healthy volunteers (CONTROL) and to examine its utility in patients with inducible ischemia (PATIENT). BACKGROUND: Strain rate imaging ...
Barnes Edward - - 2002
Nine patients with coronary artery disease and normal left ventricular (LV) function underwent two episodes of dobutamine-induced ischemia to determine whether repeated episodes of ischemia lead to cumulative stunning. Positron emission tomography (PET) and oxygen 15-labeled H(2)O was used to assess myocardial blood flow (MBF) at baseline, peak stress, and ...
Yuda Satoshi - - 2002
The detection of viable myocardium has important implications for management, but use of stress echocardiography to detect this is subjective and requires exposure to dobutamine. We investigated whether cyclic variation (CV) of integrated backscatter (IB) from the apical views could provide a resting study for detection of contractile reserve (CR) ...
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