Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1394
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Maganti Kameswari - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Diagnostic testing using noninvasive imaging has become an integral part of risk stratification in patients with coronary artery disease. It is important to understand the integral strengths and weaknesses between the different modalities of stress testing and to apply accurately the type of test the clinical scenario ...
Aboul-Enein Fatma A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The rest/stress sequence in myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) (MPS) permits evaluation of rest images before stress testing, allowing the identification of unexpected perfusion defects (PDs). We sought to study the angiographic correlates of these resting PDs. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study comprised 139 consecutive patients ...
Fathi Robert - - 2003
The influence of complex plaque morphology on the extent of demand-induced ischemia in unselected patients is not well defined. We sought to investigate the functional significance of lesion morphology in patients who underwent coronary angiography and dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE). Angiography and DSE were performed within a 6-month period (mean ...
Velez-Roa Sonia - - 2003
BACKGROUND: beta-Adrenergic agonists may increase chemoreflex sensitivity to hypoxia in normal humans. Chemoreflex function is important in the pathophysiology of heart failure. Whether the beta-1 agonist dobutamine, which is frequently administered to patients with heart failure, alters their chemoreflex sensitivity is not known. METHODS: We tested the hypothesis that dobutamine ...
Karasawa Kensuke - - 2003
We studied 24 patients with severe coronary artery lesions to assess myocardial perfusion and left ventricular contractile reserve simultaneously using low-dose dobutamine quantitative electrocardiographically gated single-photon emission computed tomography in patients with Kawasaki disease. Low-dose dobutamine infusion was started after an injection of technetium-99m tetrofosmin at rest. Myocardial contractile reserve ...
D'Andrea A - - 2003
Our study was undertaken to assess the prognostic significance of pharmacological stress echocardiography in 325 diabetic patients. Pharmacological stress echocardiography was performed for diagnosis of coronary artery disease in 128 patients, and for risk stratification in 197 patients. Follow-up was 34 months. Cardiac-related death and non-fatal myocardial infarction were considered ...
Mangieri Enrico - - 2003
Relying on the synergistic action on contractility of enoximone and dobutamine when concomitantly infused, 25 patients with their first acute Q-wave anterior myocardial infarctions underwent conventional low-dose dobutamine echocardiography (LDE) and enoximone very-LDE to assess myocardial viability in severely dysfunctioning areas. Images were recorded at peak of pharmacodynamic effect of ...
Mankad Sunil - - 2003
Assessment of myocardial ischemia and viability plays a crucial role in the clinical management of patients with coronary artery disease. Recently, cardiovascular MRI has emerged as an important noninvasive diagnostic modality in the assessment of coronary artery disease. MRI is able to evaluate both myocardial perfusion as well as myocardial ...
Mochizuki Yuka - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Echocardiographic assessment plays a major role in the evaluation of aortic stenosis (AS). Because of its proven accuracy, ease of applicability, and safety, it is replacing cardiac catheterization for the assessment of AS in many centers. RECENT FINDINGS: In this review, we discuss the basic principles of ...
Bountioukos Manolis - - 2003
An improvement in myocardial longitudinal systolic velocities, assessed by pulsed-wave tissue Doppler imaging during low-dose dobutamine infusion, was observed at 6-month follow-up after 6 months of treatment with atorvastatin. Our findings indicate a favorable effect of atorvastatin on contractile reserve, possibly through an enhancement of flow-dependent coronary dilatation during stress.
Carstensen S - - 2003
AIMS: To investigate the usefulness of fractional area change of entire left ventricular areas obtained from apical views for quantitative analysis of dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography in the presence of mild to moderately reduced left ventricular function and abnormal intra-thoracic heart motion after coronary artery bypass surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: Stress ...
Klaar Ursula - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Because hibernation is considered a down-regulation of contractile function in response to reduced regional myocardial perfusion, hibernating myocardium is expected to be supplied by a critically stenosed or even occluded coronary artery. Thus, high-dose dobutamine has been postulated to cause ischemia and reworsening of myocardial function (biphasic response), whereas ...
Pizzuto Francesco - - 2003
Short- and long-term survival after acute myocardial infarction mainly depends on three factors: the amount of myocardium that had become necrotic, the area of myocardium at further risk of becoming necrotic, and the patency of the infarct-related artery. Echocardiography is a low-cost, safe, bedside, repeatable tool, particularly useful for prognostic ...
Mädler C F - - 2003
AIMS: To develop optimal methods for the objective non-invasive diagnosis of coronary artery disease, using myocardial Doppler velocities during dobutamine stress echocardiography. METHODS AND RESULTS: We acquired tissue Doppler digital data during dobutamine stress in 289 subjects, and measured myocardial responses by off-line analysis of 11 left ventricular segments. Diagnostic ...
Elhendy Abdou - - 2003
Coronary artery disease is the underlying etiology of left ventricular dysfunction and arrhythmias in most patients who receive implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs). The aim of this study was to assess the safety and feasibility of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in patients with an ICD. DSE (dobutamine up to 50 microg/kg/min, ...
Sant'anna Isis Délio - - 2003
Mentally or emotionally stressful situations occur throughout our lives and cause physiological haemodynamic responses. In patients with coronary artery disease, such events can also induce myocardial ischaemia and ventricular arrhythmias, increasing mortality rates. The purpose of the present study was to determine the acute effects of the oral administration of ...
Adamson Philip B - - 2003
Inotropic agents for acute decompensated heart failure are associated with a lack of efficacy or increased mortality. New compounds are needed to support patients with acute exacerbations of heart failure. This study examined the hemodynamic effects of a new inotropic agent (PST-2744) in dogs with chronic ischemic heart failure. Eight ...
Di Filippo Sylvie - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Coronary vasculopathy is the main cause of cardiac graft failure. Because yearly coronary angiography is invasive in children, a non-invasive method for detecting graft vasculopathy is needed. The aim of this study was to test dobutamine-stress echocardiography in a pediatric population to determine its feasibility, safety and reliability in ...
Naumova A V - - 2003
Image-guided, spatially localized 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) was used to study in vivo murine cardiac metabolism under resting and dobutamine-induced stress conditions. Intravenous dobutamine infusion (24 mug. min-1. kg body wt-1) increased the mean heart rate by approximately 39% from 482 +/- 46 per min at baseline to 669 ...
Chockalingam A - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Mental stress is considered to be a precipitating factor in acute coronary events. We aimed to assess the association of subjective or 'perceived' mental stress with the occurrence of acute coronary events. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Prospective case-control survey was carried out in a referral teaching hospital. SUBJECTS ...
Aggeli Constadina - - 2003
The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of harmonic power Doppler imaging (HPDI) and dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in predicting recovery of myocardial function after bypass surgery. HPDI using triggering imaging with the administration of Levovist (Shering AG, Berlin, Germany) and DSE were performed in 34 patients ...
Lu Minjie - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic value of dobutamine stress magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for myocardial viability. METHODS: Ten male miniswines underwent left ventriculography and coronary angiography, followed by stenosis of the left circumflex coronary artery (LCX) using ameroid constrictor. More than one month later, left ventriculography and coronary angiography were ...
Frangogiannis N G - - 2003
Myocardial hibernation refers to a state of persistent regional contractile ventricular dysfunction, in patients with coronary artery disease that is reversible with revascularization. Identification of hibernating myocardial segments is critical for selecting patients who are most likely to benefit from revascularization procedures. Positron emission tomography, thallium scintigraphy, dobutamine stress echocardiography, ...
Takeuchi Masaaki - - 2003
The diagnostic accuracy of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) depends on wall-motion assessment. Coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) during DSE can be measured by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography. To investigate comparative diagnostic accuracy between wall-motion and CFVR assessment in the detection of significant left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) stenosis, 274 patients ...
Leitman Marina - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was quantitative evaluation of the inferobasal segment during dobutamine stress echocardiography using Doppler tissue imaging (DTI). BACKGROUND: Overdiagnosis of myocardial ischemia during dobutamine echocardiography is a common problem. DTI may permit more accurate quantitative diagnosis of ischemia. METHODS: A total of 50 patients with ...
Vora Tushar - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) has become a very reliable non-invasive tool in the diagnosis of ischemic heart disease based on the determination of new wall motion abnormalities rather than electrocardiographic changes. METHODS: In this study, we assessed the usefulness of the corrected QT (QTc) interval and delayed heart rate ...
Okayama Hideki - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Visual or quantitative assessment of coronary angiography may not exactly predict the physiological significance of intermediate (40-70%) coronary stenosis. Coronary flow reserve is a well-established marker of the functional significance of coronary stenosis. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) using ...
Hyodo Eiichi - - 2003
Experimental studies have postulated the ischemic cascade and the present study was designed to elucidate whether it can be observed in the clinical setting. Fifty-three patients suspected of having coronary artery disease were studied. Myocardial perfusion abnormalities (MPA) and wall motion abnormalities (WMA) were assessed simultaneously by infusion of Levovist ...
Nieminen Markku S - - 2003
Levosimendan is a new vasodilator agent with properties which improve cardiac contractility by calcium sensitization. Its dose-related efficacy and prolonged action have been documented in several major studies both against placebo and dobutamine. Out of 997 patients, 837 (84%) had acute or stable heart failure due to coronary heart disease. ...
Nohtomi Yuichi - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to assess the feasibility and clinical meaning of simultaneous assessment of wall motion and coronary flow velocity (CFV) reserve in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) by transthoracic approach for detecting LAD stenosis during dipyridamole stress echocardiography. BACKGROUND: Coronary flow reserve plays an important ...
Voigt Jens-Uwe - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Interpretation of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) is subjective and strongly dependent on the skills of the reader. Strain-rate imaging (SRI) by tissue Doppler may objectively analyze regional myocardial function. This study investigated SRI markers of stress-induced ischemia and analyzed their applicability in a clinical setting. METHODS AND RESULTS: DSE ...
Lancellotti Patrizio - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of exercise echocardiography (EE) for detecting infarct-related artery (IRA) stenosis and predicting functional recovery early after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). BACKGROUND: Dobutamine stress echocardiography is widely used for identifying jeopardized myocardium. The clinical usefulness of a biphasic response detected ...
Yamada Satoshi - - 2003
To test the hypothesis that dobutamine-induced myocardial ischemia causes early-systolic asynchrony predominantly in the regional left ventricular wall, color kinesis (CK) images during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) were recorded in 13 patients with coronary artery disease and in 10 patients without, all of whom showed normal wall motion at rest. ...
Wada Yasuaki - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Tissue velocity imaging (TVI) is a new method that measures regional myocardial velocities on the basis of color Doppler myocardial imaging principles. METHODS: To diagnose coronary artery disease (CAD) objectively by evaluating left ventricular diastolic responses during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) with TVI, we performed DSE in 22 healthy ...
Sozzi Fabiola B - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the incremental value of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) for the risk stratification of diabetic patients who are unable to perform an adequate exercise stress test. Exercise capacity is frequently impaired in patients with diabetes. The role of pharmacologic stress echocardiography in ...
Rodriguez-Porcel Martin - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Hypercholesterolemia (HC) and hypertension (HT) are both major risk factors for the development and progression of atherosclerotic heart disease, and their co-existence has been associated with an increased incidence of cardiac events in clinical studies. HC and HT are individually associated with abnormal myocardial vascular function, but whether HT ...
Kuijpers Dirkjan - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the value of high-dose dobutamine cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) with myocardial tagging for the detection of wall motion abnormalities as a measure of myocardial ischemia in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred eleven consecutive ...
Dziuk Miros?aw - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Gated single photon emission tomography (SPET) may simultaneously assess perfusion and function of the myocardium. AIM: To evaluate the relationship between the presence of ischaemia during an adenosine stress test and the changes in left ventricular (LV) function obtained after stress and at rest with gated SPET by using ...
Elliott Brenda M - - 2003
Stress exerts deleterious effects on the cardiovascular system. Left ventricular hypertrophy has been identified as a risk factor for heart disease. The effects of stress on other heart parameters, including heart size and heart shape, are not well-characterized. In addition, the extent to which males and females differ in stress ...
Kayano Hiroyuki - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Detection of stunned myocardium using low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography is a good predictor of improvement of cardiac function in patients with acute myocardial infarction during short hospital stays. The present study evaluated the detection of stunned myocardium as a predictor of the long-term prognosis for patients with acute myocardial ...
Sicari Rosa - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term value of pharmacologic stress echocardiography with either dipyridamole or dobutamine (DET) for prediction of cardiac death in patients with proven or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND: Stress echocardiography is an established, cost-effective technique for the detection of CAD. ...
Bholasingh Radha - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: We prospectively studied the prognostic value of predischarge dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in low-risk chest pain patients with a normal or nondiagnostic electrocardiogram (ECG) and a negative serial troponin T. BACKGROUND: Noninvasive stress testing is recommended before discharge or within 72 h in patients with low-risk chest pain. The ...
Weidemann Frank - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In a correlative functional/histopathologic study, we investigated the regional deformation characteristics of both chronic nontransmural and transmural infarctions before and after a dobutamine challenge. METHODS AND RESULTS: After stenosing copper-coated stent implantation to produce circumflex artery endothelial proliferation, 18 pigs were followed up for 5 weeks. Posteuthanasia histology showed ...
Cain Peter - - 2003
The left ventricular response to dobutamine may be quantified using tissue Doppler measurement of myocardial velocity or displacement or 3-dimensional echocardiography to measure ventricular volume and ejection fraction. This study sought to explore the accuracy of these methods for predicting segmental and global responses to therapy. Standard dobutamine and 3-dimensional ...
Senior Roxy - - 2003
We hypothesized that the presence of microvascular integrity, detected by myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) in dobutamine nonresponsive segments, may enhance identification of recovery of function, which is a surrogate marker of myocardial viability. Accordingly, 96 patients underwent dobutamine echocardiography (DE) and intravenous MCE on the same day, 4.6 +/- 1.5 ...
Wagner Anja - - 2003
CMR is a rapidly developing new modality with applications in clinical cardiology for detection and assessment of myocardial ischemia and viability. CMR perfusion results for the detection of ischemia in comparison with stress echocardiography and scintigraphic techniques are reasonable, but all the studies reported to date have been conduced in ...
Dymarkowski S - - 2003
In a non-surgical porcine coronary stenosis model resulting in chronic left ventricle dysfunction, we aimed in this study to evaluate the potential of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to distinguish dysfunctional but viable from necrotic myocardium by using multiple levels of dobutamine inotropic stimulation during a cine MRI protocol (F.P. van ...
Khan Tehreen - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Cardiac function may improve in patients with end-stage heart failure who receive long-term support (>30 days) with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs). Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) has been used to quantitate myocardial recovery in patients with heart failure supported with LVADs. By recording the hemodynamic response with the use ...
Kasama S - - 2003
This study evaluated the ability of low-dose dobutamine stress 99mTc tetrofosmin (DSTF) quantitative gated single photon emission computed tomography (QGS) performed during the acute phase of myocardial infarction to predict subsequent myocardial viability and detect stunned myocardium. Twenty-four patients suffering their first acute myocardial infarction (AMI) underwent coronary angioplasty after ...
Barletta Giuseppe - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Dobutamine-inducible left ventricular obstruction lacks a sound clinical meaning. This phenomenon may be related to an abnormal response of the heart to the sympathetic stimulation, and head-up tilt would elicit intraventricular obstruction in patients known to develop it during dobutamine administration, through the synergistic effects of reduced preload, hypercontractility, ...
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