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de Boer Sanneke P M SP Erasmus MC, Department of Cardiology, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Previous studies have suggested positive associations between periodontal infection and cardiovascular disease. We aimed to investigate the associations of circulating antibodies against periodontal pathogens with 1-year cardiovascular outcome, as well as the extent of coronary atherosclerosis, plaque vulnerability and lesion remodeling on intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging. Between 2008 and 2011, ...
Serdoz Roberta R National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Unit, Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, Sydney St, London, SW3 6NP, UK, - - 2014
Mechanical reperfusion with primary percutaneous coronary intervention in acute ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction is superior to fibrinolysis in terms of short-term and long-term outcome, provided that it can be delivered on time and by an experienced team. Balloon angioplasty and stent implantation of an occluded epicardial vessel during ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction ...
Odabasi Mehmet M Department of Surgery, Haydarpasa Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Abstract Short gastric vessels are divided during the laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication resulting in splenic infarct in some cases. We report a case of laparoscopic floppy Nissen fundoplication with splenic infarct that was recognized during the procedure and provide a brief literature review. The patient underwent a laparoscopic floppy Nissen fundoplication. ...
Lyon Timothy D TD Department of Urology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Segmental testicular infarction is an uncommon clinical entity marked by acute scrotal pain and swelling. Classically, these appear as wedge-shaped, avascular, hypoechoic lesions on a testicular ultrasound. We present a unique case of testicular infarct caused by an antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-positive vasculitis secondary to the use of the antibiotic minocycline. ...
Chen Mei-Pian - - 2014
Iron may damage sarcomeric proteins through oxidative stress. We explored the left ventricular (LV) torsional mechanics in patients with beta-thalassaemia major and its relationship to myocardial iron load. Using HL-1 cell and B6D2F1 mouse models, we further determined the impact of iron load on proteolysis of the giant sarcomeric protein ...
Ihedioha U U Specialist Registrar in General Surgery, Department of Surgery, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, - - 2014
The underdevelopment or absence of the splenic suspensary ligaments can lead to an uncommon condition termed the wandering spleen. It is usually asymptomatic but can present with an acute abdomen when associated with torsion. Most authors advocate surgical treatment. Herein, we report a case of torsion with infarction of the ...
Lee Seung-Han - - 2014
The oculomotor abnormalities with isolated infarction of the cerebellar tonsil are unknown. In a patient with acute infarction of the right tonsil, we found (1) nearly completely abolished ipsilateral smooth pursuit and impaired contralateral pursuit, (2) a low-amplitude ipsilesional right-beating nystagmus without fixation, (3) gaze-holding deficits, and (4) normal vestibulo-ocular ...
Donekal Sirisha S 1Johns Hopkins University, Department of Cardiology, Baltimore, - - 2014
-Tagged cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) provides detailed information on regional myocardial function and mechanical behavior. T1 mapping by CMR allows non-invasive quantification of myocardial extracellular expansion (ECE) which has been related to interstitial fibrosis in previous clinical and sub-clinical studies. We assessed gender associated differences in the relation of ECE ...
Patel Ramnik V RV Department of Paediatric Urology, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, - - 2014
We report a case of paediatric acute scrotum due to segmental haemorrhagic infarct of the omentum secondary to strangulation in the left inguinal hernia in a toddler as initial presentation after hernia being noticed by mother once earlier. A 4-year-old boy with non-traumatic acute left scrotum who had a history ...
Kumar Arbinder - - 2014
Background: In cases of portal hypertension with splenic infarcts, splenectomy with proximal splenorenal shunt has been recommended. We are sharing our experience with distal splenorenal shunt in these cases contrary to the popular belief. Materials and Methods: Splenic infarcts were graded as mild, moderate and severe according to the pre-operative ...
Toumanidis Savvas S 0000-0003-0749-6750 Department of Clinical Therapeutics, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, "Alexandra" Hospital, 80 Vas. Sofias Avenue, 11528 Athens, - - 2014
Aim. To assess the effect on left ventricular (LV) function of atrioventricular (AV) and ventricular pacing at the LV apical or lateral wall and to compare the normal torsional and deformation pattern of the intact LV myocardium with those created by the aforementioned LV pacing modes and sites. Methods. Experiments ...
Yokokawa Tetsuro T Department of Cardiology, Hoshi General Hospital, 159-1 Mukaibaramachi, Koriyama, 963-8501, Japan, - - 2013
A 57-year-old male with a previous history of inferior myocardial infarction suffered from chest pain and diagnosed as ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Coronary angiography revealed a thrombus with delayed filling in the distal right coronary artery. After an aspiration thrombectomy, TIMI 3 flow was restored successfully. An intracoronary ultrasound ...
Kim Hyo-Jung - - 2013
Cerebral infarction presenting with isolated vertigo remains a diagnostic challenge. To define the clinical characteristics of unilateral infarctions restricted to the vestibular nuclei, two patients with isolated unilateral vestibular nuclear infarction had bedside and laboratory evaluation of the ocular motor and vestibular function, including video-oculography, bithermal caloric irrigation, the head ...
Kirilmaz B - - 2013
Left ventricular (LV) torsion is a sensitive indicator of myocardial contractility and cardiac structure, and has recently been recognized as a sensitive indicator of cardiac performance. The aim of our study was to assess the effect of isolated mitral stenosis on LV torsion. We enrolled 19 patients with isolated mitral ...
Lee Yasuharu - - 2013
Left ventricular (LV) twist can be evaluated using two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2DSTE) by analyzing difference between apical and basal rotation. However, it is unable to evaluate global rotational dyssynchrony because it cannot assess mid-wall rotation. Recently developed three-dimensional STE (3DSTE) can investigate LV global rotational dyssynchrony. In this study, ...
Bloechlinger Stefan - - 2013
Ventricular torsion is an important component of cardiac function. The effect of septic shock on left ventricular torsion is not known. Because torsion is influenced by changes in preload, we compared the effect of fluid loading on left ventricular torsion in septic shock with the response in matched healthy control ...
Springeling Tirza - - 2013
Our current understanding is that left ventricular (LV) remodeling after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is caused by expansion of the infarcted myocardium with thinning of the wall and eccentric hypertrophy of the remote myocardium. To study the geometric changes in the remodeling process after reperfused AMI we used cardiac magnetic ...
Woldu S - - 2013
The published incidence of bilateral varicocoeles in adults is much higher than among adolescents. We investigated our adolescent varicocoele database to determine (i) the presence of subclinical and palpable right varicocoele s in boys with a left varicocoele, (ii) the effect, if any, of right varicocoele on asymmetry measurements and ...
Karur Satish S Department of Cardiology, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences & Research, Bangalore, Karnataka 560069, - - 2013
A 56-year-old male patient was admitted with an evolved inferior wall myocardial infarction (IWMI). Electrocardiogram (ECG) showed presence of ST elevation and T wave inversion in the inferior leads. ECG taken on the next day surprisingly showed features suggestive of acute high lateral wall myocardial infarction (LWMI), without features suggestive ...
Kim Ji Hee - - 2013
Acute renal infarction is a rare disease and it is often difficult to make a clinical diagnosis due to the non-specific clinical presentations and lack of the physicians' awarenesses. We experienced a case of a 72-year-old man who was diagnosed as multiorgan with renal infarction during the bridge therapy of ...
Laser Kai T - - 2013
Left ventricular rotation is physiologically affected by acute changes in preload. We investigated the acute effect of preload changes in chronically underloaded and overloaded left ventricles in children with shunt lesions. A total of 15 patients with atrial septal defects (Group A: 7.4 ± 4.7 years, 11 females) and 14 ...
Xie Mingxing - - 2013
The arterial switch operation (ASO) is currently the treatment of choice for infants with transposition of the great arteries (TGA). Little is known, however, about the alteration of anatomic left ventricular (LV) torsional mechanics after the operation. This study sought to evaluate LV torsion in patients of transposition of the ...
Kidambi Ananth - - 2013
Following acute myocardial infarction (AMI), microvascular obstruction (MO) and intramyocardial hemorrhage (IMH) adversely affect left ventricular remodeling and prognosis independently of infarct size. Whether this is due to infarct zone remodeling, changes in remote myocardium or other factors is unknown. We investigated the role of MO and IMH in recovery ...
Kumar Abhay - - 2013
Cerebral infarction is a major contributor to poor outcome after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). While usually considered a complication of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI), infarcts may also occur early, in relation to initial brain injury or aneurysm-securing procedures. We analyzed the relative frequency and volume of early vs. delayed infarcts after ...
Suzuki Ryohei - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of heart rate (HR) on myocardial function assessed by two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) in healthy dogs. ANIMALS: Thirteen healthy beagle dogs. METHODS: Animals were anesthetized and HR was controlled with right atrial pacing. Myocardial function of each dog was ...
Codreanu Ion - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate normal values for regional and global myocardial wall motion parameters in young and elderly individuals, as detected by navigator gated high temporal resolution tissue phase mapping. Radial, longitudinal and circumferential ventricular wall motion, as well as ventricular torsion and longitudinal strain rates, ...
Aquino Michael - - 2013
Segmental testicular infarction can mimic testicular carcinoma on sonography and can lead to unnecessary orchiectomy. This case series describes and correlates sonographic and histologic findings of 7 pathologically proven segmental testicular infarction cases. Segmental testicular infarction should be suspected on sonography when a geographic lesion with low or mixed echogenicity ...
Park Hong-Kyun - - 2013
Isolated floccular infarction is extremely rare, and impairments of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) have not been explored in humans with isolated floccular lesions. The purpose of this study was to examine and report selective impairment of VOR in response to high acceleration using head impulse in a patient with isolated ...
Sciagrà Roberto - - 2013
PURPOSE: In acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), there is a direct relationship between myocardial damage and consequent left ventricular (LV) functional impairment. It is however unclear whether there is a safety threshold below which infarct size does not significantly affect LV ejection fraction (EF). ...
Yusuf Gibran - - 2013
Epididymitis is common, presenting indolently with unilateral scrotal pain and swelling. Diagnosis is based on clinical assessment and resolves with antibiotic therapy. Recognized complications are abscess formation and segmental infarction. Global testicular infarction is rare. Diagnosis is important and requires surgical management. On grayscale sonography, global infarction may be difficult ...
Adorisio Ottavio - - 2013
Testicular infarction is an uncommon finding in paediatric age and is usually due to testicular torsion or trauma causing venous rupture with thrombosis and/or arteriolar obstruction. Other causes of segmental infarction of the testes are represented by polyarteritis nodosa, thromboangioiitis obliterans and hypersensitivity angiitis. A few cases of testicular infarction ...
Feng Chao - - 2013
Silent brain infarctions are the silent cerebrovascular events that are distinguished from symptomatic lacunar infarctions by their 'silence'; the origin of these infarctions is still unclear. This study analyzed the characteristics of silent and symptomatic lacunar infarctions and sought to explore the mechanism of this 'silence'. In total, 156 patients ...
Patel Ramnik V - - 2013
We report a baby boy with gastroschisis with left non-palpable undescended testis who had a defect on the left side of an intact and normal umbilical cord and had associated testicular atrophy and abnormalities of the ductus deferens. They were successfully managed by primary repair and had uneventful recovery. Subsequent ...
Jablonowski Robert - - 2013
Cardiovascular-MR (CMR) is the gold standard for quantifying myocardial infarction using late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) technique. Both 2D- and 3D-LGE-sequences are used in clinical practise and in clinical and experimental studies for infarct quantification. Therefore the aim of this study was to investigate if image acquisitions with 2D- and 3D-LGE ...
Suzuki R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular torsional motion plays an important role for effective pump function. However, noninvasive clinical assessment of torsional deformations by two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) in dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) has not been reported. HYPOTHESIS: Left ventricular torsion is determined by the native orientation of the helical ...
Fukui Shinji - - 2012
A three-month-old boy was referred to our facility for the treatment of a right impalpable testis, left inguinal hernia, and penoscrotal hypospadias with asymmetric external genitalia. The left gonad was palpated in the left scrotum. The chromosomal study revealed a normal male 46, XY karyotype. Operative findings showed that the ...
Spinelli Letizia - - 2012
Reverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling (>10 % reduction in LV end-systolic volume) may occur in patients recovering for acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), undergoing percutaneous revascularization of infarct-related coronary artery (PCI). To detect whether LV global torsion obtained by two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography was predictive of reverse LV remodeling, 75 patients with ...
Arab-Baferani Zahra - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Due to limitations in measuring the torsion angle in the short-axis view when studying through-plane motion and so it is dependent on reference levels, in this study, we follow myocardial movement along the long-axis of the left ventricle (LV). Then, LV torsion is estimated in the long-axis view and ...
Karanasos Antonios - - 2012
Myocardial infarction in patients with normal coronary vessels is a relatively rare entity that is observed in up to 2.8% of patients with myocardial infarction. In this case, we present a patient in whom presence of thrombus was suspected by pressure damping during engagement of the right coronary ostium despite ...
Jeung Mi-Young - - 2012
Magnetic resonance tagging is used to evaluate the dynamic deformation of lines or grids superimposed on the myocardium during the cardiac cycle. From these data, a specific postprocessing procedure provides two kinds of metrics: (a) three orthogonal components of myocardial motion (longitudinal, circumferential, and radial), and (b) rotation and torsion. ...
Cheng Ya-Jian - - 2012
Cardiac dysfunction is a primary cause of patient mortality in Duchenne muscular dystrophy, potentially related to elevated cytosolic calcium. However, the regional versus global functional consequences of cellular calcium mishandling have not been defined in the whole heart. Here we sought for the first time to elucidate potential regional dependencies ...
Spengos Konstantinos - - 2012
Current evidence suggests cardiac involvement and electrocardiographic changes of increasing frequency with age in patients with myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2). Myocyte hypertrophy with concurrent fibrosis seems to be the anatomical correlate. Moreover, morphological and functional changes indicative of subclinical cardiomyopathy have been demonstrated by means of cardiac magnetic resonance ...
Turkbey Evrim B EB Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Clinical Center, and National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, - - 2012
Patients with myotonic muscular dystrophy (DM) are at risk for atrioventricular block and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Noninvasive detection of diffuse myocardial fibrosis may improve disease management in this population. To define functional and postcontrast myocardial T1 time cardiac magnetic resonance characteristics in patients with DM. Thirty-three patients with DM ...
Khandelwal Kamlesh K KK Department of Surgery, Bhatia General Hospital, Tardeo Road, Mumbai, 400007 - - 2013
Accessory lobes of the liver are very uncommon and rarely symptomatic. We report the occurrence of torsion and infarction of a pedunculated accessory lobe of the liver with acute cholecystitis. The speculated possibilities of the coexistent pathologies and its management are discussed.
Fu Peng - - 2012
Cardiac abnormalities in Duchenne's muscular dystrophy (DMD) are often detected in adult patients and their early detection is warranted. Studies have suggested that myocardial damage may be detected by cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging or by echocardiography at the early stage of DMD. We aimed to identify early changes of cardiac ...
Delfín Dawn A - - 2012
Identification of new molecular targets in heart failure could ultimately have a substantial positive impact on both the health and financial aspects of treating the large heart failure population. We originally identified reduced levels of the cell junction protein claudin-5 specifically in heart in the dystrophin/utrophin-deficient (Dmd(mdx);Utrn(-/-)) mouse model of ...
Politano Luisa - - 2012
Cardiomyopathy is an almost universal finding in boys affected by Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Myocardial changes, as a result of the lack of dystrophin, consist of cell membrane degradation, interstitial inflammation, fatty replacement and fibrosis. Dystrophinopathic cardiomyopathy generally starts as a preclinical or intermediate stage, with evolution toward advanced stages ...
Hardcastle Michael Robert - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To report morphologic findings associated with laryngoplasty failure in a horse. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical report. ANIMALS: A 9-year-old Thoroughbred cross gelding. METHODS: Necropsy and histopathology were performed on a horse that died peracutely during anesthetic recovery after correction of a right dorsal displacement of the ascending colon. Three weeks ...
Cassano M - - 2012
Among the animal models of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD), the Golden Retriever Muscular Dystrophy (GRMD) dog is considered the best model in terms of size and pathological onset of the disease. As in human patients presenting with DMD or Becker muscular dystrophies (BMD), the GRMD is related to a spontaneous ...
Nayyar Sachin - - 2012
Coronary sinus (CS) has muscular connections with atria and is often targeted to complete left atrial ablation for curing atrial fibrillation; however, complete CS isolation is difficult to achieve with hard end points. We present a distinctive case of complete isolation of CS that had an unusual muscular connection. (PACE ...
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