Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1546
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Smith Audrey - - 2006
Congenital cardiac malformations which include isomerism of the atrial appendages are amongst the most challenging of problems for diagnosis and also for medical and surgical management. The nomenclature for pathological description is controversial, but difficulties can be overcome by the use of a segmental approach. Such an approach sets out ...
Rogers Dominic P S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The number of transseptal punctures performed worldwide has increased exponentially with the development of ablation therapies for atrial arrhythmias. Safe access into the left atrium in these procedures is often complicated by abnormal anatomy. We assessed the potential of right atrial angiography to facilitate transseptal puncture for atrial ablation. ...
Dernellis John - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated left atrial dimensions and function in high C-reactive protein (CRP) patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. BACKGROUND: In patients with increased plasma levels of CRP left atrial dysfunction may enhance the occurrence of arrhythmias. METHODS: Two-dimensional and pulsed Doppler echocardiography, were performed in 20 consecutive patients with high ...
Van Gelder Berry M - - 2006
Atrial tachy-arrhythmias may give rise to mode switching or noise rate reversion in dual-chamber pacemakers. In case of high amplitude of the atrial electrogram during tachycardia, a paradoxical behavior of atrial sensitivity programming can be observed. Two patients with implanted dual-chamber pacemakers showed intermittent and complete loss of atrial sensing ...
Tokgözoglu Lale - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aim was to examine tissue expression of the adhesion molecules E-selectin and P-selectin on atrial, valvular and atrial myocardial blood vessel endothelium in patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis, and to investigate whether such expression was correlated with hemodynamics. METHODS: Thirteen patients (eight ...
Lewis James M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Previous angiogenesis models use animal tissues such as the chicken chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) or the rabbit cornea. These models may not accurately reflect the mechanisms responsible for human angiogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We hypothesized that fragments of human myocardial tissue would develop an angiogenic response from the cut edges ...
Kojodjojo Pipin - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the effects of carbenoxolone on human myocardial conduction and refractoriness. BACKGROUND: Carbenoxolone, an antipeptic ulcer drug, has been shown to reduce gap junctional coupling without affecting cellular ion channels. Gap junctions (GJ) are considered to be determinants of cardiac action potential propagation. The effects of GJ ...
Imren Yildirim - - 2006
A 15-month-old boy with atrial fibrillation was found to have gross cardiomegaly on a chest radiography; further evaluation by echocardiography showed a giant right atrial aneurysm which is in the form of a cyst like lesion. The patient underwent successful surgical reduction of the right atrium converting his heart rhythm ...
Kamohara Keiji - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The left atrial appendage is a frequent source of thromboemboli in patients with atrial fibrillation. Exclusion of the left atrial appendage may reduce the risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. The atrial exclusion device, previously developed to perform left atrial appendage exclusion on a beating heart, was ...
Kumagai Koji - - 2006
We report a rare case of atrial tachycardia (AT) originating from the upper left atrial septum. Electroanatomic mapping of both atria demonstrated that the earliest atrial activation during AT occurred at the upper left atrial septum 26 msec before the onset of the P wave, followed by the mid-right atrial ...
Yamada Yuichiro - - 2006
A 17-year-old male with tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy presented with persistent, drug-resistant atrial tachycardia (AT). An electrophysiological study suggested focal abnormal automaticity, and localized the AT origin to the left atrial appendage. Radiofrequency catheter ablation at the site of the earliest endocardial activation during AT failed. A minimally invasive, video-assisted thoracoscopic (VAT) ...
Sra Jasbir - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency energy delivered throughout the cardiac cycle has the potential to cause thermal injury to the esophagus if the anatomical relationship between the posterior left atrium and the esophagus changes during cardiac motion. OBJECTIVE: To assess the posterior left atrial-esophageal relationship throughout the cardiac cycle. METHODS: In this study, ...
Bitigen Atila - - 2006
It has been suggested that successful percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty (PMV) decreases the intensity of spontaneous left atrial contrast, reduces the size of the left atrium, and improves left atrial function in patient with mitral stenosis. However, left atrial mechanical functions immediately after PMV have not been extensively evaluated yet. ...
Thomas L - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The role of atrial myocardial dysfunction after cardioversion is unclear. In a comparison of patients after successful cardioversion from chronic atrial fibrillation (CAF) and normal controls, we sought to determine whether Doppler-derived atrial strain rate (A-sr) could be used to measure global left atrial function and whether ...
Ariyarajah Vignendra - - 2006
The cardiac conduction system (CCS) is responsible for generation and systematic conduction of cardiac impulses. The Bachmann Bundle (BB), considered one of its several accessory impulse-conducting pathways, plays a fundamental role in interatrial conduction. Delay in this pathway leads to prolongation of the P wave on the electrocardiogram (interatrial delay ...
Haugan Ketil - - 2006
Chronic atrial dilation is associated with atrial conduction velocity slowing and an increased risk of developing atrial tachyarrhythmias. Rotigaptide (ZP123) is a selective gap junction modifier that increases cardiac gap junctional intercellular communication. We hypothesised that rotigaptide treatment would increase atrial conduction velocity and reduce the inducibility to atrial tachyarrhythmias ...
Katritsis Demosthenes G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Detailed right and left septal mapping of retrograde atrial activation during typical atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) has not been undertaken and may provide insight into the complex physiology of AVNRT, especially the anatomic localization of the fast and slow pathways. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to ...
Inama Giuseppe - - 2006
Atrial flutter is a common arrhythmia that may cause significant symptoms, including palpitations, dyspnoea, chest pain and even syncope. Frequently, it is possible to diagnose atrial flutter with a 12-lead surface electrocardiogram (ECG), looking for distinctive waves in leads II, III, aVF, aVL, V1 and V2. Puech and Waldo developed ...
Linhart Markus - - 2006
Atrial flutter is a relatively frequent macro-reentrant tachycardia that can be caused by a variety of structural and functional atrial changes. Cardiac lymphoma is rare and usually carries a poor prognosis. It preferentially involves the right atrium. This report describes a patient with cardiac follicular B-cell lymphoma who developed paroxysmal ...
Leonard Glenn T GT - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Certain congenital heart defects require the creation of an unrestrictive atrial septal defect (ASD) to relieve atrial hypertension, to maintain systemic cardiac output, or to achieve adequate atrial mixing to improve systemic oxygen saturation. We describe a series of patients, ranging in age from 5 weeks to 17 months, ...
El Menyar A A - - 2006
Atrial standstill is a rare form of bradyarrhythmia and consists of a transitory or permanent loss of the electrical and mechanical activity of the atria. It has been described in a few cases of long-standing valvular disease, amyloidosis, myocarditis, and muscular dystrophy. We report on a young female with noncompaction ...
Shroff Sunil C SC Department of Medicine/Cardiology, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2006
Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system activation may be involved in the pathogenesis of atrial arrhythmias in congestive heart failure (CHF). The effects of aldosterone blockade on atrial tachyarrhythmias have not been evaluated. This study's aim was to determine whether selective aldosterone blockade suppresses atrial tachyarrhythmia inducibility and modifies atrial electrical and/or structural remodeling ...
Hecht, Hans
Electrocardiograms of a patient with transient auricular fibrillation and flutter and complete A-V heart block are presented. Further tracings, taken immediately after the resumption of normal sinus activity, show short paroxysms of what is believed to be impure flutter induced by normal sinus beats. Some experimental evidence tending to support ...
Cha Tae-Joon - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We previously characterized a novel K+ current (IKH) with properties of constitutively active acetylcholine-related current in dog atrium. I(KH) is sensitive to tertiapin-Q (IC50 approximately 10 nmol/L), a highly selective Kir3 current blocker. This study assessed the role of IKH in atrial tachycardia (AT)-remodeled canine left atrium (LA) with ...
Strohmer Bernhard - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Atrial arrhythmias are frequently observed in patients with heart failure and may be a primary cause for decompensation during cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). The accurate detection of organized atrial tachyarrhythmias poses a challenge to the function of mode-switching biventricular pacemakers/defibrillators. METHODS: The purpose of the study was to determine ...
Gossett Jeffrey G - - 2006
Infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) and restrictive or intact atrial septum (rAS) present with cyanosis, pulmonary edema, and are critically ill. A previous report from our institution on emergent Norwood for HLHS with rAS showed 10% survival. We hypothesized that transcatheter left atrial (LA) decompression in HLHS with ...
Kreuzberg Maria M - - 2006
In the mammalian heart, gap junction channels between electrically coupled cardiomyocytes are necessary for impulse propagation and coordinated contraction of atria and ventricles. Recently, mouse connexin30.2 (Cx30.2) was shown to be expressed in the cardiac conduction system, predominantly in sinoatrial and atrioventricular (AV) nodes. The corresponding gap junctional channels expressed ...
Kranidis Athanasios - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of an echocardiographic method of automatic boundary detection (ABD) in the assessment of the degree of atrial dysfunction in patients who had undergone external or internal cardioversion for idiopathic atrial fibrillation. METHODS: The study population included 31 patients (mean ...
de Groot Natasja M S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In patients late after surgical repair of congenital heart disease (CHD), areas with abnormal electrophysiologic properties may serve as slow conducting pathways within a macroreentrant circuit or may be the source of focal atrial tachycardia. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of abnormal areas ...
Pavlovic Mladen - - 2006
Myocardial dysfunction and arrhythmias may be induced by congenital heart defects, but also be the result of heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), potentially caused by differential expression of connexin40 (Cx40) and connexin43 (Cx43). In 16 pediatric patients undergoing corrective heart surgery, connexin mRNA expression was studied in volume overloaded ...
Elesber Ahmad A - - 2006
AIMS: Trials of rate control vs. rhythm control for atrial fibrillation or flutter included few patients with new-onset arrhythmia. Our objective was to assess the relapse rate and the effect of the relapse of new-onset atrial arrhythmias on mortality after direct-current cardioversion (DCCV). METHODS AND RESULTS: A cohort of 351 ...
Haverinen Jaakko - - 2006
The present study examines the importance of the Na+ current (INa) in the excitability of atrial and ventricular myocardium of the rainbow trout heart. Whole-cell patch-clamp under reduced sarcolemmal Na+ gradient showed that the density of INa is similar in atrial and ventricular myocytes of the trout heart, and the ...
Lukac Peter - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is common after mitral valve surgery. We do not know the incidence of atrial tachycardia and how it depends on the surgical approach used. METHODS: The subjects of the study were 213 consecutive patients who had surgery for mitral valve disease from January 1, 2001, through January ...
Langley Philip - - 2006
Analysis of atrial rhythm is important in the treatment and management of patients with atrial fibrillation. Several algorithms exist for extracting the atrial signal from the electrocardiogram (ECG) in atrial fibrillation, but there are few reports on how well these techniques are able to recover the atrial signal. We assessed ...
Ryu Kyungmoo - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Different analysis techniques have been developed to help understand and characterize the mechanisms responsible for atrial arrhythmias. We tested the hypothesis that Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) analysis of recorded atrial electrograms (AEGs) will rapidly and accurately identify regular and irregular patterns of atrial activation, and, thereby, may provide evidence ...
Sugiki Hiroshi - - 2006
Despite some controversial studies, an enlarged left atrium has an impact on postoperative complications, and surgical correction should be considered, particularly in patients with a markedly enlarged left atrium. We present herein 2 patients with a giant left atrium (left atrial dimensions of 107 and 93 mm on echocardiograms), and ...
Li Guangping - - 2006
There are many published papers focused on the topic of atrial electrical remodeling, which defined as the shortening and dispersion of effective refractory period (ERP) in patients with paroxysmal or persistent tachyarrhythmias or in animals with long-term rapid atrial pacing. Heart failure could produce the electrical remodeling of sinus node, ...
Ariyarajah Vignendra - - 2006
Interatrial block (IAB; P wave > or = 110 ms), commonly associated with left atrial enlargement and its electromechanical dysfunction, is also a significant correlate of atrial tachyarrhythmias. While the arrhythmogenic mechanisms of atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter may indeed differ, there is actually considerably less literature showing evidence of ...
Abbott Jonathan A - - 2006
Atrial size determined by echocardiography provides a surrogate measure of the hemodynamic burden of cardiac disease. Linear atrial dimensions often are indexed to aortic diameter. Whereas quantitative variables obtained from healthy cats, using 2-dimensional echocardiography (2DE), have been reported, indices from 2DE, have not. Using 2DE and M-mode echocardiography, we ...
Tai Ching-Tai - - 2006
Atrial flutter (AFL) is a common arrhythmia in clinical practice. Several experimental models such as tricuspid regurgitation model, tricuspid ring model, sterile pericarditis model and atrial crush injury model have provided important information about reentrant circuit and can test the effect of antiarrhythmic drugs. Human atrial flutter has typical and ...
Redfearn Damian P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: At present atrial electrophysiology can only be assessed by invasive study. This limits available data in humans concerning atrial electrophysiologic changes in disease and in response to intervention. Indirect evidence suggests that the signal-averaged P wave (SAPW) may provide noninvasive markers of atrial electrophysiology but no direct evaluations that ...
Kiaii Bob - - 2006
Patients with atrial fibrillation are at significant risk for sustaining a thromboembolic stroke. More than 90% of thromboemboli form in the left atrial appendage. Ligation of the left atrial appendage to reduce the risk of stroke is often performed in connection with other cardiac surgical procedures. As a stand-alone procedure, ...
Terranova Paolo - - 2006
Pacing prevention algorithms have been introduced in order to maximize the benefits of atrial pacing in atrial fibrillation prevention. It has been demonstrated that algorithms actually keep overdrive atrial pacing, reduce atrial premature contractions, and prevent short-long atrial cycle phenomenon, with good patient tolerance. However, clinical studies showed inconsistent benefits ...
Dello Russo Antonio - - 2006
Conduction disturbances and arrhythmias characterize the cardiac feature of myotonic dystrophy type 1 (MD1); a myocardial involvement has been suggested as part of the cardiac disease. The aim of our study was to investigate the underlying myocardial alterations using electroanatomic mapping (CARTO) and their possible correlation with genetic and neurological ...
Cha Yong-Mei YM Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2006
Deficient bioenergetic signaling contributes to myocardial dysfunction and electrical instability in both atrial and ventricular cardiac chambers. Yet, approaches capable to prevent metabolic distress are only partially established. Here, in a canine model of tachycardia-induced congestive heart failure, we compared atrial and ventricular bioenergetics and tested the efficacy of metabolic ...
Divchev Dimitar - - 2007
We report on a case of a mobile left atrial thrombus formation on an atrial septal defect occluder system (28 mm StarFLEX-Occluder) despite 6 months of postprocedural anticoagulation with phenprocoumon and platelet antiaggregation with aspirin in a 69-year-old woman. The closure was performed because of a significant left to right ...
Kamohara Keiji - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The left atrial appendage is a frequent source of thromboemboli in patients with atrial fibrillation. Exclusion or excision of the left atrial appendage may reduce the risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. We evaluated the ability of a novel device to exclude the left atrial appendage during ...
Yu Cheuk-Man - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Atrial function is an integral part of cardiac function which is often neglected. The presence of coronary artery disease (CAD) may impair atrial function. This study investigated if atrial mechanical dysfunction was present in patients with CAD by tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDI). METHODS: Echocardiography with TDI was performed in ...
Rossi Andrea - - 2005
Left atrial evaluation is strongly linked to the history of cardiac imaging. In the past, the importance of this chamber has been largely downplayed because cineangiography could not visualize it directly. Nowadays echocardiography can easily assess left and right atrial size and function. Left atrial enlargement is frequent in many ...
Bagwe Suveer - - 2005
Intercellular coupling via connexin40 (Cx40) gap junction channels is an important determinant of impulse propagation in the atria. We studied the role of Cx40 in intra-atrial excitation and propagation in wild-type (Cx40(+/+)) and knockout (Cx40(-/-)) mice using high-resolution, dual-wavelength optical mapping. On ECG, the P wave was significantly prolonged in ...
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