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Results 301 - 350 of 1546
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Kovacevic Alan - - 2007
A Labrador retriever, presented for a routine yearly wellness exam, shows on ECG a normal sinus rhythm with first degree atrioventricular blockade and atrial dissociation (AD). A detailed cardiologic examination was performed including thoracic radiography, echocardiography and blood pressure measurement, all of which were considered normal. The dog described in ...
Anderson Robert H - - 2007
We discuss the implications of accurate knowledge of the human atrial chambers for those seeking to model atrial structure, and correlate the muscular activity with electrical signals. We stress first the importance of describing atrial components in attitudinally appropriate fashion, a feature sadly ignored by generations of morphologists. When considered ...
Fleck Tatjana - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Surgical ablation procedures are an established surgical procedure for restoration of sinus rhythm and reestablishment of atrial function in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and reproducibility of steady-state free precession magnetic resonance imaging (SSFP MRI) for examination of atrial ...
Shakir Douraid K - - 2007
Atrial infarction is rarely diagnosed before death because of its characteristically subtle and nonspecific electrocardiographic findings. These findings may be overshadowed by changes associated with concomitant ventricular infarction. A case of right atrial infarction accompanied by inferior myocardial infarction with rapid decompensated atrial fibrillation is reported. To increase awareness and ...
Duffy Heather S HS Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA. - - 2008
Gap junctions provide direct cytoplasmic continuity between cells forming a low resistivity barrier to electrical propagation. As such, aberrant regulation of these low resistive conduits has been blamed for electrical conduction disorders in diseased myocardium. While there is a plethora of evidence that abnormalities in gap junctional communication underlie many ...
John Bobby - - 2007
A four-month-old baby presented with failure to thrive and congestive cardiac failure precipitated by a lower respiratory tract infection. He was found to have a large ostium secundum atrial septal defect measuring 18 mm. This was successfully closed percutaneously by a device (Blockaid). A month after the device deployment the ...
Mansencal Nicolas - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Intensive sport may induce cardiac modifications. No recent study has been performed in elite tennis players. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the cardiac characteristics in a population of professional tennis players. METHODS: During the 2004 French Open Tennis Tournament, we offered complete echocardiographic screening to ...
Karaca Mustafa - - 2007
Recurrence of atrial fibrillation is more common in patients with atrial conduction delay. In the present study, we evaluated whether findings obtained from transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), a semi-invasive method, correlate with those from an invasive method, electrophysiologic study (EPS), in measuring interatrial conduction time. We compared two methods of calculating ...
Moorman Antoon F M - - 2007
The recent identification of a second mesodermal region as a source of cardiomyocytes has challenged the views on the formation of the heart. This second source of cardiomyocytes is localized centrally on the embryonic disc relative to the remainder of the classic cardiac crescent, a region also called the pharyngeal ...
Weinberg Kenneth M - - 2007
PURPOSE: We previously developed and validated diagnostic criteria for the differentiation of atrial flutter from atrial fibrillation. In this study we examine if the criteria (F waves in the frontal plane and a partially or completely regular ventricular response) can improve the diagnostic accuracy of internists. METHODS: Two groups of ...
Naqvi Tasneem Z - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Atrial flutter is a common cause of exacerbation of congestive heart failure (CHF). Typically, during atrial tachycardia, pacemakers, both dual and biventricular, are programmed to ignore atrial tracking. Virtually all current pacemakers and defibrillators use a programmable mode switch algorithm to switch between atrial tracking modes (DDD, DDDR) to ...
Gaibazzi Nicola - - 2008
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has been proposed as a screening tool to exclude the presence of atrial thrombi and left atrial spontaneous echocontrast before cardioverting persistent atrial flutter (AFl) and atrial fibrillation (AF). However in pure AFl a very low prevalence of atrial thrombi has been observed by many investigators: a ...
Rieta José Joaquín - - 2007
Atrial fibrillation is a very common cardiovascular disease in clinical practice. One relevant issue to understand its pathophysiological mechanisms is the analysis and interpretation of atrial electrograms (AEG). To study these signals properly, ventricular activity has to be removed from the AEG. In this work, a new application of independent ...
Cunningham Kristopher S - - 2008
Infarction of the cardiac atria occurs more frequently than is commonly considered. Ischemic damage to the atrial myocardium is usually associated with infarction of cardiac ventricles, but isolated infarction of an atrium can occur and may be of clinical significance. We present an unusual case of an isolated right atrial ...
Yamaguchi Yoshio - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We tested our hypothesis that, in atrial flutter (AFL) dependent on the cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI), lower loop reentry is the common pathway route at the coronary sinus posterior site, and thus, dual loop reentry is a common circular pattern. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 25 patients with CTI-dependent AFL, ...
Chakraborty P P - - 2007
A nine-year-old boy presented with progressively-increasing exertional dyspnoea for the last three months. The only significant finding in the general survey was polydactyly. His vital signs were normal. He had a prominent apical diastolic thrill, a prominent S1 with a low-pitched grade 4/6 mid diastolic rumbling murmur over the apex. ...
Cuneo Bettina F BF Rush Medical College, Chicago, Illinois, USA. - - 2007
Terbutaline is used to treat fetal bradycardia in the setting of complete heart block (CHB); however, little is known of its effects on atrial and ventricular beat rates or patterns of heart rate (HR) acceleration. Fetal atrial and ventricular beat rates were compared before and after transplacental terbutaline treatment (10 ...
Ellis Keith - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter often coexist. The long-term occurrence of atrial fibrillation in patients presenting with atrial flutter alone is unknown. We report the long-term follow-up in patients who underwent cavotricuspid isthmus ablation for treatment of lone atrial flutter. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between January 1997 and June 2002, ...
Duerinckx Andre J - - 2008
PURPOSE: To document the frequency and variations in number and anatomical shape of accessory appendages of the left atrium as seen on 64-slice cardiac CT. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Retrospective review of the anatomy of the left atrium as depicted by cardiac CT using the acquisition protocol designed for coronary CT ...
Anwar Ashraf M - - 2007
The Frank-Starling law describes the relation between left ventricular volume and function. However, only a few studies have described the relation between left atrial volume (LAV) and function. To describe an LA Frank-Starling law by studying changes in LAV measured by real-time, three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE). LAV was calculated by RT3DE ...
Ishikawa Toshiyuki - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The use of DDIR mode has been limited since the advent of mode switch in the DDDR mode. In patients with AV block, DDDR is necessary to maintain AV synchrony. However, DDIR mode may still be beneficial for patients with intact AV conduction. The aim of this study was ...
Snarr Brian S BS Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, Cardiovascular Developmental Biology Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, - - 2007
The mesenchymal tissues involved in cardiac septation are derived from different sources. In addition to endocardial-derived mesenchyme, the heart also receives contributions from the neural crest, the proepicardium, and the dorsal mesenchymal protrusion (DMP). Whereas the contributions of the neural crest and proepicardium have been thoroughly studied, the DMP has ...
deAlmeida Angela - - 2007
Hemodynamics influence cardiac development, and alterations in blood flow may lead to impaired cardiac growth and malformations. The developing myocardium adapts to augmented workload by increasing cell number (hyperplasia). The aim of this study was to determine the influence of alterations in ventricular preload on fetal myocyte proliferation by manipulation ...
Lemery Robert - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The three-dimensional contributions to human atrial activation in sinus rhythm have not been specifically characterized. We evaluated the sequence of endocardial and epicardial activation and voltage of the atria during normal sinus rhythm. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study group includes 35 patients with history of symptomatic atrial fibrillation. Prior ...
Regan Christopher P - - 2007
The cardiac electrophysiologic effects of ISQ-1, an isoquinolinone I(Kur) blocker, were characterized in vivo. In rat, ISQ-1 elicited maximal 33% to 36% increases in atrial and ventricular refractoriness at a plasma concentration of 11.5 microM. In African green monkey, ISQ-1 increased atrial refractory period (maximal 17% at plasma concentration up ...
Goette Andreas - - 2007
Cigarette smoking (CS) promotes endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis in the vascular bed. The impact of smoking on atrial myocardium is not defined in humans. To determine the effect of CS on the development of interstitial fibrosis in atrial myocardium. Case-control study. 95 patients (46 smokers and 49 non-smokers) undergoing coronary ...
Yoshida Toru - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Atrial electrical remodeling is considered to play an important role in the appearance of atrial fibrillation. The effect of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) on atrial electrical remodeling was evaluated in a canine atrial stimulation model. METHODS: In 15 beagle dogs, electrodes for pacing and recording were fixed on the ...
Leite-Moreira Adelino F - - 2007
Proper atrial function is essential for overall cardiovascular performance, mainly by its four major functions, namely, bioelectrical, hormonal, metabolic and hemodynamic. With regard to the latter, atria modulate ventricular filling by smoothing the transformation of the continuous venous return to the intermittent filling pattern of the ventricles during diastole through ...
Nakashima Dainari - - 2008
The patient is a 64-year-old male who had been implanted with a DDD-pacemaker for sick sinus syndrome in 2003. In January 2006, he experienced palpitations and visited a local hospital on the second day of occurrence. After an electrocardiography (ECG) revealed atrial flutter (AFL) during palpitation, which was resistant to ...
Lunze Fatima I - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the univentricular and atrial function in patients following Fontan operation using tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE). SETTING: Hospital-based outpatient clinic and inpatient unit. PATIENTS: Thirty-six patients (mean age 13 ys [2-34 ys]) after Fontan procedure and 30 healthy individuals matched for age and heart rate. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ...
Männer Jörg - - 2007
The morphogenesis of the sinuatrial region of embryonic hearts is still not well understood. Current matters of dispute are the topogenesis of the future pulmonary vein orifice and the topogenesis of the primary atrial septum. We analyzed the development of the sinuatrial region in chick embryos ranging from Hamburger and ...
Hara Hidehiko - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated and standardized a Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) preclinical model in gross anatomic and histopathologic features. METHODS: We examined 150 necropsy-derived domestic porcine hearts, age 4-6 months for PFO prevalence, appearance, and size. Histopathologic preparations were standardized and processed identically to 24 post-mortem human hearts aged 16-62 ...
Fedorov Vadim V - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Application of fluorescence imaging of cardiac electrical activity is limited by motion artifacts and/or side effects of currently available pharmacologic excitation-contraction uncoupling agents. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test whether blebbistatin, a recently discovered inhibitor of myosin II isoforms, can be used as an excitation-contraction uncoupler. ...
Carlson, Jonas
ECGs were recorded from three electrodes attached at the corners of an equilateral triangle positioned around the location of electrode V1. The atrial signal between QRST complexes was subjected to correlation function analysis to reveal differences in activation times between the electrode sites. The time differences found were used to ...
Chun J - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of cardiovascular pathology in 50 cadavers in the dissecting room of the Department of Anatomy at Guy's Campus, King's College, London, and to demonstrate the importance of dissection in teaching the anatomy of normal and pathological hearts. After external evaluation ...
Wichterle Dan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Positive Turbulence onset (TO) after atrial premature complexes (APCs) was found temporally related to spontaneous episodes of atrial fibrillation. This study tested the hypothesis that heart rate turbulence (HRT) after APCs is influenced by APC prematurity independently of the prematurity of conducted ventricular complexes. METHODS: We studied 33 patients ...
Fazelifar Amir Farjam - - 2007
Channelopathies are among the major causes of syncope or sudden cardiac death in patients with structurally normal hearts. In these patients, the atrium, ventricle or both could be affected and reveal different presentations. In this case, we present a patient with an apparently structurally normal heart and recurrent syncope, presented ...
Gurrala Rajashekar R - - 2007
The myocardial performance index (MPI) was assessed in 30 patients with limb girdle muscle dystrophy (LGMD) with a normal left ventricular ejection fraction (greater than 50%), as well as in 30 age- and sex-matched healthy adults with a left ventricular ejection fraction greater than 50%. MPIs derived by pulsed-wave Doppler ...
Hudsmith L E LE University of Oxford Centre for Clinical Magnetic Resonance Research, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Oxford, The John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom. - - 2007
To investigate left atrial volumes and function and their variability in healthy volunteers using steady state free precession (SSFP) and fast low angle shot (FLASH) sequences at both 1.5 and 3 T using both the short-axis and biplane area-length methods. Ten healthy volunteers underwent CMR at both 1.5 and 3 ...
da Cunha D N Q - - 2007
Recent reports suggest that n-3 (omega-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may reduce atrial fibrillation (AF). Reduction of the atrial effective refractory period (ERP) is believed to be an important early remodeling event that favors the development and perpetuation of AF. We hypothesized that n-3 PUFAs would attenuate early atrial electrophysiolgical ...
Sakai Yoshitaka - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although coexistence of atrioventricular conduction disturbances with sick sinus syndrome (SSS), so-called binodal disease (BND), is a frequently encountered disorder, its clinical significance and electrophysiological characteristics remain unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and seven patients with SSS were divided into BND (n=30) and N-BND groups (n=77). Sinus cycle ...
Yamasaki Naohito - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Severe idiopathic tricuspid regurgitation (TR) occurs in the aged, but the mechanism of TR is unclear and there is little information on atrial abnormalities associated with this condition. This study retrospectively analyzed patients with severe functional TR presenting with common clinical features suggesting a distinct syndrome. METHODS: Eleven patients ...
Ricci Renato P - - 2006
Preventive atrial pacing and antitachycardia pacing have been proposed for the treatment of atrial fibrillation and associated arrhythmias in patients with indications for device implantation. Preventive algorithms provide overdrive atrial pacing, reduction of atrial premature beats, and prevent short-long atrial cycles with good patient tolerance. However, clinical trials testing preventive ...
Badhwar Vinay - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Success of the maze procedure after mitral operations with large left atria and permanent atrial fibrillation remains suboptimal. Current technique variations tend to obscure the decision-making algorithm in these patients. A single energy-source approach for the surgical management of patients with large left atria and permanent atrial fibrillation is ...
Ahn Sung-Gyun - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of myocardial perfusion on left atrial remodeling and its determinants after primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND: Left atrial volume is an important predictor of morbidity and mortality in acute myocardial infarction, while thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) myocardial perfusion (TMP) grade ...
Sato Yuichi - - 2007
Lipomatous hypertrophy of the interatrial septum is a benign cardiac mass characterized by fat accumulation in the interatrial septum. Cardiac arrhythmias including atrial fibrillation, atrial premature contractions and atrioventricular block may occur as a consequence of involvement of the atrial wall and atrioventricular conduction pathways. We describe a patient with ...
Jassal Davinder S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of either left atrial or aortic spontaneous echocardiographic contrast (SEC), as identified on intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography, on short-term morbidity and mortality in patients with left atrial enlargement undergoing cardiac valvular surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective and observational. SETTING: Single-center, university teaching ...
Aiyagari Ranjit M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: When extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is used in the setting of severe myocardial dysfunction, left ventricular end-diastolic and left atrial pressure can rise to extremely high levels. Decompression of the left atrium in this setting is essential for resolution of pulmonary edema and recovery of left ventricular function. We ...
Malyshev Michael - - 2006
Primary cardiac sarcoma is an uncommon disease. In particular, leiomyosarcoma of cardiovascular origin is extremely rare. Half of all cardiac leiomyosarcomas are located in the left atrium. Due to the extreme rarity of left atrial leiomyosarcoma, there is no great experience in its management. This review includes a report of ...
Golzio Pier Giorgio - - 2006
A 71-year-old woman with Turner's syndrome underwent pacemaker implantation for complete atrio-ventricular block. During the procedure, the persistence of left sided superior vena cava (LSVC) was observed such that the lead, through the coronary sinus, reached the right atrium. By use of stylets, we could drive the lead against the ...
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