Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1547
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Rizzo Stefania - - 2012
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous heart muscle disorder associated with ventricular arrhythmias and risk of sudden death. The disease is heredo-familial, and mutations in desmosomal genes have been identified in about half of patients. Recent experimental models confirm this disease develops after birth due ...
Nietlispach Fabian - - 2012
The safety of percutaneous transapical mitral paravalvular leak (PVL) closure could potentially be enhanced by device closure of the ventricular access site. Percutaneous transapical PVL closure was performed. The 9F delivery sheath was pulled back, and a 6-mm Amplatzer muscular ventricular septal defect occluder was deployed at the apical puncture ...
Parmar Malvinder S - - 2012
Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) is an inherited disorder affecting skeletal and cardiac muscles and characterized by muscular atrophy, contractures, and cardiomyopathy with conduction defects. It can be X-linked or autosomal. Not all patients with EDMD develop heart involvement, but heart disease associated with EDMD can be unpredictable and may be ...
De Pooter Jan - - 2012
We present the case of a 48-year-old female carrier of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) with repeatedly documented levels of elevated troponin T without arguments for cardiac ischaemia. Elevated levels of troponin T are frequently reported in DMD patients and may function as a useful cardiac index to assess dystrophic degeneration ...
Thomas Tamara O - - 2012
Sinus tachycardia is common in cases of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). The authors hypothesized that an elevated heart rate would herald cardiomyopathy onset. A retrospective case-control study was performed with 55 DMD boys and 150 age-matched control boys. The variables were age, heart rate, shortening fraction, and left ventricular end-diastolic ...
Finsterer Josef - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Arrhythmias determine life expectancy in patients with hereditary myopathies. AIMS: The aim of this study was to summarize recent advances in the diagnosis and management of arrhythmias in hereditary myopathies. METHODS: Literature search via PubMed and inclusion of own experiences were performed. RESULTS: All types of arrhythmias can be ...
Reddy Sahadev T - - 2012
Background: The incidence of muscular ventricular septal defect (VSD) in children is rare, but its prevalence among hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients is surprisingly high. Methods: We present a 24-year-old female with HCM associated with muscular VSD without significant symptoms or hemodynamic implications. Conclusion: Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging plays an important ...
Chun Ju Lan - - 2012
Cardiac involvement in Duchenne muscular dystrophy is asymptomatic until function is severely affected. Little is known about its evolution, and few animal models are available to study potential treatments. We therefore examined cardiac function and pathology in mdx/utrn(-/-) dystrophin/utrophin-deficient mice. Decreased left ventricular fractional shortening and ejection fraction, as well ...
Shababi Monir - - 2012
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a leading genetic cause of infantile death. Loss of a gene called Survival Motor Neuron 1 (SMN1) and, as a result, reduced levels of the Survival Motor Neuron (SMN) protein leads to SMA development. SMA is characterized by the loss of functional motor neurons in ...
Yamamoto Tetsushi - - 2012
Objective:  To predict left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and the timing to perform echocardiography in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), we developed a scoring system using clinical parameters and examined its efficacy. Background:  It is indispensable to utilize echocardiogram for evaluating myocardial damage of DMD patients, but there is no ...
Karabay C Y - - 2012
A patient who develops hypotension or angina pectoris after intravenous inotropic agents should be assessed for dynamic left ventricular outflow obstruction or the presence of a muscular bridge. In this case report, we present a patient with low ejection fraction who developed hypotension and angina pectoris with inotropic therapy after ...
Novy Jan - - 2012
Spinal cord infarction is much rarer than cerebral stroke, but its early recognition is important as it may signify serious aortic conditions. The most frequent type is anterior spinal artery syndrome, presenting with bilateral weakness (usually paraparesis), impairment of spinothalamic sensation and preservation of deep sensation. Depending on its level, ...
Olimulder Marlon A - - 2012
Left ventricular (LV) remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI) is the result of complex interactions between various factors, including presence or absence of early revascularization. The impact of early revascularization on the relationship between infarct tissue characteristics and LV remodeling is incompletely known. Therefore, we investigated in patients with versus without ...
Snow Timothy A C - - 2012
A case is reported of myocardial infarction occurring following sclerotherapy for varicose veins in a patient with a patent foramen ovale (PFO). It is believed that microemboli crossed the PFO as a result of the procedure and caused coronary artery embolisation, resulting in the symptoms, electrocardiographic and biochemical evidence of ...
Chaudhry Sunit-Preet - - 2012
Myotonic dystrophy (MD) is a neuromuscular disorder of autosomal dominant inheritance, which is categorized by 2 main sub-types: type 1 (MD1) and type 2 (MD2). This disease is characterized by myotonia and various multisytemic complications, most commonly of the cardiac, endocrine, and central nervous systems. In addition, cardiac abnormalities contribute ...
Hashmi Imranullah - - 2012
We report a case that developed watershed infarcts after undergoing carotid endarterectomy. Our patient had been having episodes of transient ischaemic attacks before admission. Carotid Doppler scan before admission showed severe unilateral carotid stenosis on left side. She underwent a carotid endarterectomy procedure. Her continuous blood pressure monitoring stayed normal ...
Stuckey Daniel J DJ Cardiac Metabolism Research Group, Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom. - - 2012
The mdx mouse has proven to be useful in understanding the cardiomyopathy that frequently occurs in muscular dystrophy patients. Here we employed a comprehensive array of clinically relevant in vivo MRI techniques to identify early markers of cardiac dysfunction and follow disease progression in the hearts of mdx mice. Serial ...
Barnabei Matthew S MS Department of Integrative Biology and Physiology, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of - - 2012
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a progressive and fatal disease of muscle wasting caused by loss of the cytoskeletal protein dystrophin. In the heart, DMD results in progressive cardiomyopathy and dilation of the left ventricle through mechanisms that are not fully understood. Previous reports have shown that loss of dystrophin ...
Russo Vincenzo - - 2011
AimsAtrial Preference Pacing (APP) is a pacemaker (PM) algorithm that supports a continuous atrial stimulation instead of a spontaneous atrial rhythm to prevent supraventricular tachyarrhythmias. The role of the APP in the prevention of atrial fibrillation (AF) is still controversial. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect ...
Palladino Alberto - - 2011
The spinal muscular atrophies (SMAs) include a group of disorders characterized by progressive weakness of the lower motor neurons. Several types of SMAs have been described based on age onset of clinical features: Acute infantile (SMA type I), chronic infantile (SMA type II), chronic juvenile (SMA type III), and adult ...
Loukas Marios - - 2011
Richard Lower, in 1669, first described the tubercle that now bears his name, calling it the intervenous tubercle located between the fossa ovalis and the superior vena cava. The aim of the study was to confirm the existence of the tubercle as described initially by Lower, adding details of its ...
Panduranga Prashanth - - 2011
Percutaneous closure of perimembranous and muscular ventricular septal defects is becoming well established worldwide. We present the case of a 15-year-old girl with postoperative tetrology of Fallot and a residual ventricular septal defect that was closed with Amplatzer device complicated by early device migration and severe tricuspid valve obstruction.
Karimi Mohsen - - 2011
Complex muscular ventricular septal defect poses difficult surgical management and is associated with high morbidity and mortality despite advancements in surgical therapy. Device closure of muscular ventricular septal defect has been encouraging and has been used in hybrid approach at a few centres. However, device closure has some limitations in ...
Martinez Hugo R - - 2011
Duchenne muscular dystrophy and Becker muscular dystrophy are X-linked disorders that result from a mutation in the dystrophin gene that reduces the production or effectiveness of the protein dystrophin. These disorders are clinically characterized by progressive muscle degeneration. Manifesting female carriers are generally not identified as such until after puberty, ...
Keller Hans - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The 3-bp deletion in exon 2 of the Lamin A/C (LMNA) gene has not been described in association with dilated cardiomyopathy, which is characterized by progressive heart failure, atrioventricular (AV) block, tachyarrhythmias, and variable skeletal muscle involvement. CASE REPORT: In a 43-year-old woman with a long-term history of palpitations ...
Shabanian Reza - - 2011
Background: Progressive movement limitation in patients with Duchenne's muscular dystrophy (DMD) may mask the onset of cardiac involvement. We aimed to determine whether myocardial performance index (MPI), either by conventional Doppler (CD) or tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), could detect subclinical myocardial dysfunction in DMD patients. Furthermore, we assessed the atrial ...
Hsiao L C - - 2011
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), an X-linked recessive disease, is characterised by a systemic lack of dystrophin protein in the sarcolemma, affecting skeletal and cardiac muscles. Current therapies have increased life span in DMD patients, but this has led to the majority of surviving patients developing dilated cardiomyopathy. Recently, stem cell-based ...
Petri Helle - - 2012
To estimate the degree of cardiac involvement regarding left ventricular ejection fraction, conduction abnormalities, arrhythmia, risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) and the associations between cardiac involvement and cytosine-thymine-guanine (CTG)-repeat, neuromuscular involvement, age and gender in patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (MD1). A Pub-Med search for the period 1980 ...
Falcão-Pires Inês - - 2011
Background- Aortic stenosis (AS) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are frequent comorbidities in aging populations. In heart failure, DM worsens diastolic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, thereby adversely affecting symptoms and prognosis. Effects of DM on diastolic LV function were therefore assessed in aortic stenosis, and underlying myocardial mechanisms were identified. Methods ...
Judge Daniel P - - 2011
Cardiac dysfunction is a frequent manifestation of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and a common cause of death for individuals with this condition. Early diastolic dysfunction and focal fibrosis proceed to dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), complicated by heart failure and arrhythmia in most patients. Improvements in the management of respiratory insufficiency in ...
Lu Jonathan T - - 2011
Mutations in the LMNA gene, which encodes A-type nuclear lamins (intermediate filament proteins expressed in most differentiated somatic cells), cause a diverse range of diseases, called laminopathies, that selectively affect different tissues and organ systems. The most prevalent laminopathy is cardiomyopathy with or without different types of skeletal muscular dystrophy. ...
Yang Qing - - 2011
Muscular ventricular septal defects remain a challenge despite the progress in surgical and interventional closure of ventricular septal defects. Our hypothesis was inspired by the fact that more than two thirds of children with muscular ventricular septal defects experienced spontaneous closure. Therefore, we intend to induce the spontaneous closure of ...
Kanjwal Khalil - - 2011
We report on a 74-year-old woman who presented with embolic stroke of the brainstem and right cerebellum. She had undergone coronary bypass surgery and prophylactic ligation of the left atrial appendage in the past. On further investigations, a source of emboli was found to be an incompletely ligated left atrial ...
Schade van Westrum S M - - 2011
Cardiac involvement has been reported in carriers of dystrophin mutations giving rise to Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD). The progress of these abnormalities during long-term follow-up is unknown. We describe the long-term follow-up of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in DMD/BMD carriers. A long-term follow-up study was performed ...
Kaminsky Pierre - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify, in addition to conduction defects, possible predictors of cardiac events and death in patients with myotonic dystrophy (DM1). METHODS AND DESIGN: A retrospective observational cohort study was undertaken. Baseline clinical and non-invasive cardiac and respiratory investigations were obtained from 107 DM1 ...
Godier-Furnémont Amandine F G - - 2011
Control over cell engraftment, survival, and function remains critical for heart repair. We have established a tissue engineering platform for the delivery of human mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPCs) by a fully biological composite scaffold. Specifically, we developed a method for complete decellularization of human myocardium that leaves intact most elements ...
Andrés Eva - - 2011
Young and old patients with acute myocardial infarction have different risk factor profiles, clinical presentation, angiographic findings and prognosis. In the present study we investigated the clinical profile of patients aged <46 years with acute myocardial infarction. Full English text available from: www.revespcardiol.org.
Loos B - - 2011
Autophagy is a conserved catabolic process for long-lived proteins and organelles and is primarily responsible for nonspecific degradation of redundant or faulty cell components. Although autophagy has been described as the cell's major adaptive strategy in response to metabolic challenges, its influence on the cell's energy profile is poorly understood. ...
Cakmak Nazmiye - - 2011
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is the most frequent muscular dystrophy in adults. It is a multisystem disorder also affecting the heart with an increased incidence of sudden cardiac death. We present a young female patient with ventricular tachycardia (VT) who had no cardiac complaints previously. In this patient, the ...
Trivedi Chinmay M - - 2011
Homeodomain only protein x (Hopx) is an unusual homeodomain protein that has diverse effects on cardiac growth. Manipulation of Hopx function in murine models is associated with cardiac hypertrophy, dilation and fibrosis. In the present study, we examined the expression profile of Hopx in various models of pathologic cardiac hypertrophy ...
Boyle Andrew J - - 2011
Aging is associated with an increased incidence of heart failure, but the existence of an age-related cardiomyopathy remains controversial. Differences in strain, age and technique of measuring cardiac function differ between experiments, confounding the interpretation of these studies. Additionally, the structural and genetic profile at the onset of heart failure ...
Yang Zhikai - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: Low-level laser irradiation (LLLI) has the potential of exerting cardioprotective effect following myocardial infarction (MI). The authors hypothesized that LLLI could influence the expression of cardiac cytokines and contribute to the reversal of ventricular remodeling. Background: LLLI regulates the expression of cytokines after tissue damage. However, little is ...
Chambers Kari T - - 2011
Diabetic cardiac dysfunction is associated with decreased rates of myocardial glucose oxidation (GO) and increased fatty acid oxidation (FAO), a fuel shift that has been shown to sensitize the heart to ischemic insult and ventricular dysfunction. We sought to evaluate the metabolic and functional consequences of chronic suppression of GO ...
Take Yutaka - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Patients with Brugada syndrome (BS) often have spontaneous changes in their electrocardiogram (ECG). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the significance of ECG alterations, we investigated the relationships between the ECG and the occurrence of ventricular fibrillation (VF) in both patients and an experimental model of BS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Study 1. ...
Lau Dennis H - - 2011
Atrial Remodeling in Doxorubicin Cardiomyopathy. Introduction: All preclinical studies of atrial remodeling in heart failure (HF) have been confined to a single model of rapid ventricular pacing. To evaluate whether the atrial changes were specific to the model or represented an end result of HF, this study aimed to characterize ...
Raad Bassel - - 2011
The cardiac complications of certain neurologic diseases have been well recognized for over 50 years and are mostly evident for cerebrovascular accidents. Although these complications are frequent and in most circumstances benign, detrimental cardiac side effects, such as serious arrhythmias and myocardial infarctions, may occur. The link to most of ...
MacDonald Simon T - - 2011
Left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion is increasingly accepted to reduce the risk of stroke in patients with atrial arrhythmia who are unsuitable for routine anticoagulation. It is generally performed under general anesthesia, guided by transoesophageal echocardiography with accurate imaging being essential for correct deployment of the device. We present a ...
Nair Madhuri - - 2011
This article reviews the safety and efficacy of ibutilide for use in patients with atrial fibrillation and flutter. Ibutilide, a class III antiarrhythmic agent, is primarily used for conversion of atrial flutter and fibrillation and is a good alternative to electrical cardioversion. Ibutilide has a conversion rate of up to ...
Lau Dennis H - - 2011
Sinus node disease (SND) is a common clinical condition and is the most common indication for permanent pacemaker implantation. This review aims to revisit the complex sinus node anatomy, the evolving understanding of its pacemaking mechanisms, the atrial myopathy in SND and sinus node remodeling. Recent high-density noncontact mapping of ...
Takano Hiroshi - - 2011
Two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) is a relatively new method to detect regional myocardial dysfunction. To assess left ventricular (LV) regional myocardial dysfunction using STE in Duchenne muscular dystrophy model dogs (CXMD(J)) without overt clinical signs of heart failure. Six affected dogs, 8 carrier dogs with CXMD(J), and 8 control ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >