Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1541
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Lo Huey-Ming - - 2003
The P wave in the surface ECG represents atrial electrical activation and may be altered in certain pathological conditions. Atrial compartment operation has been used to convert chronic AF to sinus rhythm. However, this procedure may result in changes of impulse conduction in various atrial compartments and alters the P ...
Abbruzzese Pietro Angelo - - 2003
We present a safe and easy-to-apply method of securing monitoring atrial cannulae after pediatric cardiac operations. We used Silastic ligatures together with purse strings on the tip of the atrial appendages in more than 350 cases, in a 5-year period. We never reported malfunctioning during their use, and no bleeding ...
Fukuda N - - 2003
AIM: We validated transthoracic echocardiographic measurements of left atrial appendage flow velocity by comparing them with transoesophageal echocardiographic measurements. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighty-four consecutive patients (mean age, 64.6 years) with various cardiac diseases, who underwent both transthoracic echocardiography and transoesophageal echocardiography were studied. Thirty-two patients were in sinus rhythm, and ...
Reynolds Harmony R - - 2003
This review article summarizes recent advances in the care of patients presenting with neurologic events, in which transesophageal echocardiography plays an important role in diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment. New research on the use of transesophageal echocardiography in patients with stroke and atrial fibrillation is discussed, including left atrial clot formation, ...
Wolpert Christian - - 2003
Atrial tachyarrhythmias play an important role in the treatment of patients with malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmias not only with respect to inappropriate discharges but also to left ventricular function and stroke risk. A combined dual chamber defibrillator provides separate therapies for atrial and ventricular tachyarrhythmias. To assess the incidence of atrial ...
Dierkes Stefan - - 2003
We report the history of a 60-year-old patient with a multiple myeloma and Staphylococcus aureus associated sepsis to whom adenosine in a dose of 6 mg was administered, when a regular, narrow QRS complex tachycardia at a heart rate of 120 beats/minute started. Adenosine led to a complete AV-block and ...
Krapp M - - 2003
To review the diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of fetal atrial flutter compared with supraventricular tachycardia. Retrospective review of published reports: 11 papers about fetal tachyarrhythmia published between 1991 and 2002 were selected for review. All selected studies were analysed for the type of arrhythmia, degree of atrioventricular block in atrial ...
Mairesse Georges H - - 2003
Intraatrial conduction block at the inferior vena cava-tricuspid annulus isthmus was shown to predict successful atrial flutter ablation. However, its demonstration requires the use of several electrode catheters. Thus, a simple approach using surface 12-lead ECG to prove the conduction block would be valuable. Twenty-two patients were prospectively studied during ...
Stump Gary L - - 2003
Previous cardiac electrophysiologic studies of blockers of the slowly activating delayed rectifier (IKs) current have focused primarily on ventricular repolarization. This report summarizes an extensive in vivo cardiac electrophysiologic profile of four 1,4-benzodiazepine IKs blocker analogues (L-761334, L-763540, L-761710, and L-768673) in dogs. At 3.0 mg/kg intravenously, all four analogues ...
Waldo Albert L - - 2003
It has been appreciated for a long time that atrial flutter and atrial fibrillation have a clinical relationship. Now, with the technological advances that permit more sophisticated electrophysiological studies, especially mapping studies, we have significantly advanced our understanding of this interrelationship. Regarding the relationship at atrial fibrillation to atrial flutter: ...
Motoyasu Munenobu - - 2003
We report a rare case of an inverted left atrial appendage without prior cardiac surgery. A left atrial mass was incidentally found during routine echocardiography in a 19-year-old man with mitral valve prolapse. Echocardiography revealed a hyperechoic mass in the left atrium, and a neoplastic lesion could not be excluded. ...
Gowda Ramesh M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the racial differences in the efficacy and safety of ibutilide in patients with recent-onset (<2 weeks) atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter. METHODS: This study included 58 consecutive patients with recent-onset atrial fibrillation (n = 34) and atrial flutter (n = 24). The mean age was 65.7 +/- ...
Bochoeyer Andres - - 2003
BACKGROUND: There is little information about the surface expression of non-cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI)-dependent right atrial (RA) or left atrial (LA) flutter circuits. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively evaluated 32 episodes (in 26 patients) of atypical RA and 22 episodes (in 21 patients) of LA flutter. The surface ECG of 13 ...
Loh Peter - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The anatomic-electrophysiological correlation of AV nodal reentry is unclear. To localize reentrant circuits during atrial and ventricular echoes and to characterize sites of slow conduction and block, we correlated histology with electrophysiology of the AV node. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 10 isolated dog hearts, extracellular electrical activity was recorded ...
Guyomar Yves - - 2003
The aim of this study was to analyze the onset mechanisms of atrial tachyarrhythmias using a dedicated diagnostic system in 83 recipients of DDDR pacemakers implanted for standard clinical indications. The pulse generator was programmed in DDD mode, at 60 beats/min, and the diagnostic instrument was programmed to document atrial ...
Ker J - - 2003
In humans, and certain animals, the atrioventricular conduction system is capable of bidirectional conduction. Depolarization impulses, originating in the ventricle itself, may thus be conducted in a retrograde direction towards the atria. Two common causes for this phenomenon of ventriculo-atrial (retrograde) conduction are premature ventricular complexes and ventricular pacing. The ...
Israel Carsten W - - 2003
Immediate reinitiation of atrial tachyarrhythmia (IRAT) has been observed after cardioversion. After spontaneous restoration of sinus rhythm (SR), incidence and characteristics of IRAT have not been described. Therefore, in patients with atrial tachyarrhythmias (ATs) and bradycardia, a pacemaker with dedicated memory functions was implanted. Devices were interrogated after 1 month ...
Khan Ijaz A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Atrial stunning is a transient depression of atrial and atrial-appendage mechanical function after successful cardioversion of atrial fibrillation compared with its precardioversion state. METHOD: Atrial stunning associated with different methods of cardioversion of atrial fibrillation and the determinants and cellular mechanisms of atrial stunning were elaborated by thoroughly examining ...
Alessandri N - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Thromboembolism in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation is secondary to emboli arising from atrial cavities, particularly left atrial appendage. Stroke Prevention Atrial Fibrillation (SPAF) III study showed washing flow, left appendage ejection fraction, natural echocontrast, and left appendage volume and morphology, as risk parameters of thromboembolism. METHODS: The authors ...
Cha Yong-Mei - - 2003
The failing ventricular myocardium is characterized by reduction of high-energy phosphates and reduced activity of the phosphotransfer enzymes creatine kinase (CK) and adenylate kinase (AK), which are responsible for transfer of high-energy phosphoryls from sites of production to sites of utilization, thereby compromising excitation-contraction coupling. In humans with chronic atrial ...
Kojima Jisho - - 2003
The heterogeneous process of atrial electrical remodeling (AER) in the canine rapid atrial stimulation model has been previously reported although it has been reported that a sodium channel blocker might suppress the shortening of the atrial effective refractory period (AERP), its effect on long-term electrical remodeling is unknown. In the ...
Boriani Giuseppe - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) is a rare inherited disorder associated with cardiac involvement. We investigated the spectrum and relevance of the cardiac manifestations of EDMD, focusing on bradyarrhythmias and tachyarrhythmias (including atrial fibrillation/flutter), embolic stroke, and heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighteen patients (age 42.8+/-19.6 years) with ...
Morton Joseph B - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Adults with an atrial septal defect (ASD) frequently develop late atrial arrhythmias. We sought to characterize the pattern and persistence of atrial electrical remodeling caused by chronic right atrial (RA) stretch in this group. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirteen ASD patients without atrial arrhythmia (42+/-10 years old; RA volume, 65+/-16 ...
Arora R C - - 2003
The gross, light, and electron microscopic anatomies of the porcine intrinsic cardiac nervous system were investigated in 26 pigs to facilitate functional studies in this model. Gross anatomy: Numerous ganglia and interconnecting nerves (ganglionated plexuses) were found to be concentrated in epicardial fat in five atrial and six ventricular regions. ...
Mattioli Anna Vittoria - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of external direct current (DC) shock on left atrial (LA) dimension and volumes after cardioversion for atrial fibrillation, and the relation between LA size and atrial function. METHODS: We evaluated 180 patients who were randomly cardioverted with DC shock ...
Docherty Brendan - - 2003
The second of three papers on interpreting ECGs will examine atrial arrhythmias. These are abnormalities of the heart that occur in one of the two upper chambers, the left or right atrium. The patient may present with atrial ectopics, fibrillation, flutter or tachycardia. This paper will look at the signs, ...
Neven Kars - - 2003
A case of atrial infarction in the setting of an acute infero-posterolateral and right ventricular myocardial infarction is reported. Although often only a subtle ECG sign, this finding must make the physician aware of possible complications, such as arrhythmias (atrial fibrillation, sinus bradycardia, and AV conduction disturbances), pump failure of ...
Kurogouchi Fumio - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Prolongation of total filtered P wave duration (Ad) and low root mean square voltages for the last 20 ms of the P wave (LP20) on a P wave-triggered signal-averaged electrocardiogram (PSAECG) are typically observed in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) patients. A shortening of atrial refractoriness and intra-atrial conduction delay ...
Schuessler Richard B - - 2003
To understand abnormal sinus node function in clinical atrial arrhythmias, it is essential to understand the normal function of the sinus node. Much of our understanding of the sinus node comes from work done in rabbits. In small animals, the node is a thin structure and can be modeled in ...
Yin Lixue - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To precisely visualize cardiac anatomic structures and simultaneously depict electro-mechanical events for the purpose of precise underblood intervention. METHODS: Intracardiac high-resolution tissue Doppler imaging was used to map real time myocardial contractions in response to electrical activation within the anatomic structure of the cardiac conductive system using a canine ...
Mori S Satsuki - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cause and treatment of atrial flutter after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: Between July 1999 and July 2000, 96 CABGs were performed at the Cardiovascular Center of Aichi Prefectural Owari Hospital. We compared two groups of patients: those with ...
Gilligan David M - - 2003
The aim of the study was to determine the long-term freedom from atrial arrhythmias after radiofrequency ablation of atrial flutter and to determine the factors associated with recurrent arrhythmias. Radiofrequency ablation has emerged as the preferred treatment for recurrent, typical atrial flutter. Although the short-term results after radiofrequency ablation of ...
Sulke N - - 2003
AIMS: To determine the effect of an endocardial DC shock on the basic electrophysiology of the human atrium if delivered in sinus rhythm. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 5J endocardial R wave synchronized DC shock was delivered in 10 patients in stable sinus rhythm during ICD implantation for ventricular arrhythmias. There ...
Chen Jian - - 2003
The cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) is a slow conduction area in the circuit of typical atrial flutter. However, conventional methods are limited by the inaccuracy of measurements of distance on the surface of the heart. The aim of the study was to define the conduction properties of the atrial flutter circuit ...
Greason Kevin L - - 2003
Patients with congenital cardiac anomalies that cause right or left atrial dilatation may have associated atrial tachyarrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter. Congenital cardiac anomalies may also be associated with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome or atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia. In addition, atrial arrhythmias may develop late after definitive operation for congenital ...
Ng Jason - - 2003
We hypothesized that if the right atrial circuit during isthmus dependent atrial flutter provides the dominant contribution to the surface electrocardiogram (ECG), the three-dimensional vector loop of the flutter waves would primarily be in a plane approximately parallel to the tricuspid ring. Twenty vectorcardiograms of isthmus dependent atrial flutter derived ...
Defaye Pascal - - 2003
The accuracy of information retrievable from the memories of DDDR pacing systems has been limited by the absence of actual electrograms confirming the proper sensing of spontaneous cardiac activity versus that of extraneous signals. This study examined the diagnostic power of a new arrhythmia interpretation scheme, which includes the recording ...
Hermida Jean-Sylvain - - 2003
Atrial septal (Se-P) and atrial appendage pacing (Ap-P) were compared in a randomized, controlled study to assess the feasibility, the reliability, and the effects of Se-P on atrial conduction, interatrial synchronization, and the AV sequence. The main baseline characteristics of the patients were comparable in both groups. There was no ...
Gonzalez Mario D - - 2002
BACKGROUND: During right atrial stimulation, the anterior and posterior approaches provide inputs to the atrioventricular (AV) node. The purpose of the present study was to determine how activation proceeding from the left atrium reaches the AV node. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied AV nodal conduction during right and left atrial ...
Cosío Francisco G - - 2002
Typical atrial flutter has long been considered a reentrant arrhythmia, but it is only recently that the full structure of the right atrial circuit was understood, leading to de devise of ablation techniques. Recognition of the role of functional block, based on anisotropic conduction was crucial to understanding of the ...
Attenhofer Jost Christine H - - 2002
In a retrospective study, we analysed the data from 101 adults with echocardiographic follow-up after surgical repair of defects within the oval fossa at a mean age of 35 +/- 17 years; 56% of the cohort being above the age of 30 years. Mean age at follow-up was 44 +/- ...
Setty Shaun P - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Atrial arrhythmias are a frequent late complication of Fontan procedures. Conversion to an extracardiac conduit combined with reducing right atrial size should improve hemodynamics and reduce the development of tachyarrhythmias. More effective control may be achieved by interrupting atrial arrhythmia circuits and atrial pacing. METHODS: Between May 1997 and ...
Jaïs Pierre - - 2002
Left atrial flutters are not as common as peri-tricuspidian circuits. Their systematic study is much more recent and had greatly benefited from the use of 3 D mapping systems. Reentry has been demonstrated as being the mechanism but the circuits are not stereotypical like in the right atrium. Multiple macroreentrant ...
Shah Prasad - - 2002
Split atrial electrograms (AEGs), as a measure of intraatrial conduction delay, have been previously identified during electrophysiological studies and as such, may be related to the development of atrial tachyarrhythmias. This article reports the finding of split AEGs observed in two patients with implanted dual chamber pacemakers. The event marker ...
Kido Masakuni - - 2002
A 57-year-old woman who had a dual chamber pacemaker implanted in June 1990 for sick sinus syndrome had developed heart failure since 1993. Although fluoroscopy revealed that the proximal J-shaped retention wire of the lead had fractured and had protruded through the outer insulation in 1994, and also that the ...
Belham M R D - - 2002
AIMS: To compare high right atrium (HRA) with right atrial appendage (RAA) pacing with respect to atrial electromechanical function. METHODS: Eleven patients undergoing elective electrophysiological studies were studied in order directly to compare atrial conduction acutely associated with HRA and RAA pacing. Twenty-five patients with chronically implanted, active fixation leads ...
Yilmaz Mehmet Birhan - - 2002
Left atrial compression by the esophagus, the stomach, or both is an uncommon but important cause of hemodynamic compromise. Achalasia is a disease of the esophagus with dilatation of the distal part and constriction of the lower oesophageal sphincter. Dilated esophagus is a rare cause of left atrial compression. Timely ...
Santini Massimo - - 2002
Antiarrhythmic drugs have shown a poor long-term efficacy in the management of atrial fibrillation. It has been suggested that the association of antiarrhythmic drugs and non-pharmacological treatments may be superior to the prescription of a single treatment only. Electrical cardioversion of atrial fibrillation can be ineffective in several cases (long-lasting ...
Paraskevaidis Ioannis A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate left atrial functional reserve in patients with chronic heart failure and nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). BACKGROUND: Left ventricular functional status has been investigated using echocardiographic dobutamine. METHODS: In 35 consecutive patients (29 men and 6 women; mean +/- SD age, 42.37 +/- 13.5 years), peak oxygen consumption ...
Knobloch Karsten - - 2002
Inhibition of the cardiac Kv1.5 channel, the molecular base for the human cardiac ultrarapid delayed rectifier potassium current (I(Kur)), is considered a new promising atrial selective antiarrhythmic concept since this channel is presumed to contribute to atrial but not ventricular repolarization in the human heart. In a previous study in ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >