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Results 401 - 450 of 1955
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Tang Yiqun - - 2011
Myocardial hypertrophy has been linked to the development of a variety of cardiovascular diseases, and is a risk factor for myocardial ischemia, arrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the cardioprotective effects of Danshensu (DSS), a water-soluble active component of Danshen, on cardiac ...
Tsai Ming-Jun - - 2011
Embolism is responsible for half of cerebral infarctions, yet few animal models were developed due to the unpredictability of the embolus-induced infarcts. We manufactured artificial embolic particles by blending chitin and poly(d,l-Lactide-co-glycolide) (chitin/PLGA) for their good biocompatibility and rapid hydration expansion property. We subdivided the chitin/PLGA microparticles into 10 size ...
Wu Jie - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests proinflammatory changes in the lungs during acute myocardial infarction and a participation of neural mechanisms and substance P in the pathology. This study was undertaken to investigate the role and the mechanisms by which sensory afferent degeneration at neonatal stages exacerbates the pulmonary inflammatory responses to acute ...
Xiao Yan-Ying - - 2011
Background: Delayed myocardial preconditioning by volatile anesthetics involves changes in DNA transcription and translation. Mitochondria play a central role in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and in ischemic or pharmacologic preconditioning. In this study, we investigated whether there are alterations in myocardial mitochondrial protein expression after volatile anesthetic preconditioning (APC) to ...
Ruvinov Emil - - 2011
Induction of cardiac muscle regeneration following myocardial infarction (MI) represents a major challenge in cardiovascular therapy, as the current clinical approaches are limited in their ability to regenerate a new muscle tissue and to replace infarcted myocardium. Here, we describe the conception of two strategies based on bio-inspired materials, aimed ...
Luo Dan - - 2012
The objective of this study was to noninvasively measure the volume of myocardial infarction in rats, using delayed enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a coronary occlusion/reperfusion model on a 7-T scanner. At 24 h after cardiac ischemia, contrast-enhanced MRI was performed. Two distinct experimental groups were compared: one was ...
Liu Miaobing - - 2012
Previous studies indicated aging results in the significant cardiac function decreasing and myocardial apoptosis increasing in normal humans or rats. Additionally, animal experiments demonstrated aging increased myocardial ischemia / reperfusion (MI/R)-induced apoptosis. However, whether more myocardial apoptosis happen in the old acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients is unclear. Reperfusion injury-induced ...
Basha Rafeek Hidhayath - - 2011
Altered mitochondrial function plays an important role in the pathology of myocardial infarction. We investigated the protective effects of N-acetylcysteine on mitochondrial dysfunction in isoproterenol induced myocardial infarcted rats. Rats were pretreated with N-acetylcysteine (10mg/kg) orally daily for 14days. After pretreatment, rats were induced myocardial infarction by isoproterenol (100mg/kg) at ...
Wang Yuxin - - 2011
Abstract: Objectives: To investigate the cardioprotective effect of polymerized human placenta hemoglobin (PolyPHb) for acute myocardial ischemia rat heart. Methods: Myocardial infarcts (MI) model was set up in SD rats by permanent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LDA). The rats were divided randomly into 3 groups with ...
Kim Ji Hyun - - 2011
For successful treatment of myocardial infarction (MI), it is important to prevent cardiac fibrosis and maintain cardiac function by protecting cardiomyocytes and inducing angiogenesis. To establish functional and stable vessels, various growth factors, ones stimulating both endothelial cells (EC) and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), are required. Self-assembling peptides form ...
Chen Chien-Chang - - 2011
Hyperuricemia is associated with cardiovascular disease, but it is usually considered a marker rather than a risk factor. Previous studies using uric acid-lowering drugs in normouricemic animals are not suitable to answer the effect of hyperuricemia on ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction. The purpose of this study was to determine ...
Cai Xue Ying - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We aim to check if serum levels of receptor for advanced glycation endproduct (RAGE) ligands S100B, S100A6 and S100P were related to myocardial injury in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: Serum levels of S100B, S100A6, S100P, and soluble RAGE (sRAGE) were analyzed in 882 patients. Based upon clinical and ...
Li Chunmei - - 2011
The aim of the study was to determine the effects of fucoidan on rat myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) model and elucidate the potential mechanisms. Myocardial I/R injury was induced by the occlusion of left anterior descending coronary artery for 30min followed by reperfusion for 2h. After 2h reperfusion, hemodynamics parameters were ...
Milik Elwira - - 2011
Vasopressin V1a receptors (V1aR) were found in the cerebellum but their functional role has not been determined. As V1aR are engaged in the central regulation of the cardiovascular system and anxiogenic behavior and their role increases in the heart failure and stress, we decided to find out whether expression of ...
Sobajima Mitsuo - - 2011
Repeated sauna therapy (ST) increases eNOS activity and improves cardiac function in heart failure as well as peripheral blood flow in ischemic limbs. The present study investigates whether ST can increase coronary vascularity and thus attenuate cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI). We induced MI by ligating the left coronary ...
Martinez Paula F - - 2011
In studies of congestive heart failure (CHF) treatment, it is essential to select animals with a similar degree of cardiac dysfunction. However, this is difficult to establish without hemodynamic evaluation in rat postinfarction-induced CHF. This study aimed to diagnose CHF in long-term follow-up postinfarction rats using only echocardiographic criteria through ...
Kanki Sachiko - - 2011
Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) is a chemoattractant of stem/progenitor cells, and several studies have shown that SDF-1 may improve ventricular function after infarction. SDF-1 is cleaved by proteases including matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and CD26/dipeptidylpeptidase-4 (DPP-4), which are activated in injured tissues. We investigated the biodistribution and functional roles of SDF-1 ...
Shi Yaohui - - 2011
Context: Panax ginseng C. A. Mey (Araliaceae) has been widely used in clinic for treatment of cardiovascular diseases in China. Ginsenoside Rb3 is the main chemical component of Panax ginseng. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ginsenoside Rb3 on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats. ...
Higuchi Takahiro - - 2011
(18)F-fluorobenzyl triphenyl phosphonium (FBnTP) has recently been introduced as a myocardial perfusion PET agent. We used a rat model of transient coronary occlusion to determine the stability of the perfusion defect size over time and the magnitude of redistribution. METHODS: Wistar rats (n = 15) underwent thoracotomy and 2-min occlusion ...
Yin Meimei - - 2011
Metformin is the first choice drug for the treatment of patients with diabetes, but its use is debated in patients with advanced cardiorenal disease. Epidemiological data suggest that metformin may reduce cardiac events, both in patients with and without heart failure. Experimental evidence suggests that metformin reduces cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury. ...
Yanni Joseph - - 2011
Heart failure (HF) causes a decline in the function of the pacemaker of the heart-the sinoatrial node (SAN). The aim of the study was to investigate HF-induced changes in the expression of the ion channels and related proteins underlying the pacemaker activity of the SAN. HF was induced in rats ...
Liu N - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The cardioprotective effects of the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) are understood; however, the profiles of CGRP given pre- and postischemia as a therapeutic agent in acute myocardial ischemia and reperfusion remain elusive. METHODS: The effects of CGRP on cardiac performance in isolated rat hearts subjected to 50 min global ...
Bae Soochan - - 2011
Vitamin D deficiency is associated with cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure, and vitamin D therapy prevents the progression of cardiac hypertrophy in animal models. Here, we examine whether vitamin D therapy prevents progression of pre-existing cardiac hypertrophy and development of heart failure. When male Dahl salt-sensitive rats were fed a ...
Yu Bin - - 2011
The effect of Cyclovirobuxine D, an active ingredient from Buxus microphylla, was investigated in the potential prevention of cardiac dysfunction in rats with congestive heart failure. Heart failure was induced by left coronary artery occlusion and verified using echocardiography. Cyclovirobuxine D was administered for 30days (0.5, 1.0 and 2.0mg/kg, ig) ...
Xue Mei - - 2011
In this study, the dynamic expression of granule membrane protein-140 (GMP-140), tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin (IL)-6, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 was observed in a rat model of myocardial infarction. Out of 276 Wistar rats, 6 were randomly selected as the ...
Mitręga Katarzyna - - 2011
Branched chain amino acids (BCAA) have been shown to have a general protective effect on the heart in different animal models as well as in humans. However, so far no attempt has been made to specifically elucidate their influence on arrhythmias. Our study was performed to evaluate whether an infusion ...
Faria Thaís de Oliveira Tde - - 2011
We evaluated the use of body weight (BW) loss soon after acute myocardial infarction (MI) in rats as a marker of acute heart failure (HF). Female Wistar rats (200-240 g) were submitted either to sham operation or to coronary artery occlusion. In individual cages, daily BW and food and water ...
Liu L - - 2011
Background: Inhibiting mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening is a key protection of the myocardium from ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Here, we investigated age-associated differences in the ability of cyclosporine A (CsA) to protect the heart and to modulate mPTP opening during I/R injury in vivo and its opening induced by ...
Wan Jie - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) has been reported as an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease; however it is not clear regarding the action of HHcy on the homing of cardiac stem cells (CSCs) to the damaged myocardium and the consequent CSCs-mediated cardiac repair post myocardial infarction. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats ...
Hussain Afthab - - 2011
Hydrogen sulphide has been identified as a gas signalling molecule in the body, and has previously been shown to have vasorelaxant properties. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of sodium hydrosulphide (NaHS), a hydrogen sulphide donor, on heart rate (HR), left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) and ...
Xie Nianlin - - 2011
Patients with diabetes show enhanced susceptibility to myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury. Epidemiological studies indicated that consumption of α-linolenic acid (ALA) significantly reduces the risk of cardiac events in post-acute myocardial infarction patients. The present study attempted to investigate the effects of ALA intake on MI/R injury in normal and diabetic ...
Rebrova T Yu - - 2011
Blood serum was from 12-month-old Wistar rats with experimental myocardial infarction caused by occlusion of the upper third of the left coronary artery was analyzed. The content of conjugated dienes by the 45th day after primary experimental myocardial infarction returned to normal and did not differ from that in intact ...
Tandon Nina - - 2011
In vitro application of pulsatile electrical stimulation to neonatal rat cardiomyocytes cultured on polymer scaffolds has been shown to improve the functional assembly of cells into contractile engineered cardiac tissues. However, to date, the conditions of electrical stimulation have not been optimized. We have systematically varied the electrode material, amplitude ...
Lisa Mathews - - 2011
Coronary artery disease is a global health concern in the present day with limited therapies. Extensive efforts have been devoted to find molecular therapies to enhance perfusion and function of the ischemic myocardium. Aim of the present study was to look into the effects of insulin like growth factor -1 ...
Cao H-M - - 2011
Microtubules are important components of the cytoskeleton that forms the backbone of myocardial architecture, sustaining its form and size. This study investigated whether stabilizing microtubules with paclitaxel (0.1 or 1 μM) could decrease myocardial ischaemia- reperfusion injury, and reduce myocardial infarct size and the incidence of ischaemic ventricular arrhythmia. Isolated ...
Wen Hua-Zhi - - 2011
Electrical remodeling at infarct border zone has been shown to contribute to the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias after myocardial infarction (MI). Electrical remodeling is causally associated with sympathetic neural remodeling in MI. Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A), a potent neural chemorepellent for sympathetic axons, has been demonstrated to suppress sympathetic neural remodeling ...
Watanabe Ryo - - 2011
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) contributes to cardiac ventricular remodeling because migration of inflammatory cells and attenuation of extracellular matrix degradation are caused by plasmin and matrix metalloproteinase. However, the roles of PAI-1 in myocardial ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury and the following inflammatory response have not yet been well elucidated. To ...
Arozal Wawaimuli - - 2011
Anthracyclines, most powerful anticancer agents, suffer from their cardiotoxic effects, which may be due to the induction of oxidative stress. Carvedilol, a third-generation, nonselective β-adrenoreceptor antagonist, possesses both reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging and ROS suppressive effects. It showed protective effects against daunorubicin- (DNR-) induced cardiac toxicity by reducing oxidative ...
Baldo Marcelo P - - 2011
Background/Aim. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) reduces myocardial injury and improves cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI). We investigated the early alterations provided by G-CSF and the chronic repercussions in infarcted rats. Methods. Male Wistar rats (200-250g) received vehicle (MI) or G-CSF (MI-GCSF) (50 μg/kg, sc) at 7, 3 and 1 ...
Küppers-Tiedt Lea - - 2011
Introduction: The only causal therapy in ischemic stroke is thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA), but it is feasible only for few patients, and new therapies are needed. This study investigates the effects of systemic thrombolysis with rtPA combined with hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in embolic stroke in rats. ...
Johansen David - - 2011
Aim: Gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) and hemichannel permeability may have important roles during an ischemic insult. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of ischemia on gap junction channels and hemichannels. Methods: We used neonatal rat heart myofibroblasts and simulated ischemia with a HEPES buffer with high potassium, low ...
Thuc Luong Cong - - 2011
Statins are reported to reduce mortality in patients with coronary artery disease and that mortality benefit might be related to the drugs' antiarrhythmic properties. Male rats were fed with or without pravastatin (0.1 mg·kg⁻¹·day⁻¹) for 7 days, and thereafter subjected to 10 min of ischemia by coronary artery ligation followed ...
Sunagawa Yoichi - - 2011
A natural p300-specific histone acetyltransferase (HAT) inhibitor, curcumin, may have therapeutic potential for heart failure. However, it is unclear whether curcumin exhibits beneficial additive or synergistic effects on conventional therapy with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs). Rats were subjected to a sham operation or left coronary artery ligation. One week later, ...
Andersen Ann-Dorit - - 2011
Background: Ischemic postconditioning (PostC), i.e. brief ischemia-reperfusion cycles before full reperfusion, is protective against cardiac ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Inhibition of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger NHE1 and delayed intracellular pH-normalization have been proposed to underlie protection by PostC. Methods and Results: We used Langendorff perfused rat hearts exposed to 35 min global ...
Hou Y - - 2011
Coronary artery ligation is widely used for myocardial infarction (MI) induction in rats but produces a large variation in infarct size - a major determinant of mortality. Accurate control of infarct size is critically important for the establishment of a useful animal model. This study determined the anatomical course of ...
Tsubokawa Tamiji - - 2011
The recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) is a useful therapy for acute ischemic stroke patients, but there is a major risk factor of hemorrhagic transformation. Hyperglycemic patients are not able to admit t-PA because hyperglycemia exaggerates ischemic brain and vascular damage following transient focal cerebral ischemia and frequently induces hemorrhagic ...
Shaheen Mazen - - 2011
Congestive heart failure (CHF), a common clinical syndrome, has reached epidemic proportions. Its disabling symptoms account for frequent hospitalizations and readmissions. Pathophysiological mechanisms that lead to CHF and account for its progressive nature are of considerable interest. Important scientific observations obtained from Dr Pawan K Singal's laboratory in Winnipeg, Manitoba, ...
Haleagrahara Nagaraja - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to look into the possible protective effects of glycyrrhizic acid (GA) against isoproterenol-induced acute myocardial infarction in Sprague-Dawley rats. The effect of three doses of glycyrrhizic acid in response to isoproterenol (ISO)-induced changes in 8-isoprostane, lipid hydroperoxides, super oxide dismutase and total glutathione ...
Juggi Jasbir S - - 2011
Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) has been reported to play an important role in ischemia reperfusion injury and ischemic preconditioning (IPC). However, its role is not completely understood. Recently, normothermic IPC (NIPC), hyperthermic IPC (HIPC), preconditioning (PC) with 17-beta estradiol (estrogen, E2) and E2 pretreatment were proven to be effective in ...
Ren Hong-Mei - - 2011
Responsiveness of the "jaundiced heart" to propofol is not completely understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of propofol on myocardial performance in rats with obstructive jaundice. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 40) were randomly allocated into two groups, twenty underwent bile duct ligation (BDL), and ...
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