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Results 401 - 450 of 1937
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Martinez Paula F - - 2011
In studies of congestive heart failure (CHF) treatment, it is essential to select animals with a similar degree of cardiac dysfunction. However, this is difficult to establish without hemodynamic evaluation in rat postinfarction-induced CHF. This study aimed to diagnose CHF in long-term follow-up postinfarction rats using only echocardiographic criteria through ...
Kanki Sachiko - - 2011
Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) is a chemoattractant of stem/progenitor cells, and several studies have shown that SDF-1 may improve ventricular function after infarction. SDF-1 is cleaved by proteases including matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and CD26/dipeptidylpeptidase-4 (DPP-4), which are activated in injured tissues. We investigated the biodistribution and functional roles of SDF-1 ...
Shi Yaohui - - 2011
Context: Panax ginseng C. A. Mey (Araliaceae) has been widely used in clinic for treatment of cardiovascular diseases in China. Ginsenoside Rb3 is the main chemical component of Panax ginseng. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ginsenoside Rb3 on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats. ...
Higuchi Takahiro - - 2011
(18)F-fluorobenzyl triphenyl phosphonium (FBnTP) has recently been introduced as a myocardial perfusion PET agent. We used a rat model of transient coronary occlusion to determine the stability of the perfusion defect size over time and the magnitude of redistribution. METHODS: Wistar rats (n = 15) underwent thoracotomy and 2-min occlusion ...
Yin Meimei - - 2011
Metformin is the first choice drug for the treatment of patients with diabetes, but its use is debated in patients with advanced cardiorenal disease. Epidemiological data suggest that metformin may reduce cardiac events, both in patients with and without heart failure. Experimental evidence suggests that metformin reduces cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury. ...
Yanni Joseph - - 2011
Heart failure (HF) causes a decline in the function of the pacemaker of the heart-the sinoatrial node (SAN). The aim of the study was to investigate HF-induced changes in the expression of the ion channels and related proteins underlying the pacemaker activity of the SAN. HF was induced in rats ...
Liu N - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The cardioprotective effects of the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) are understood; however, the profiles of CGRP given pre- and postischemia as a therapeutic agent in acute myocardial ischemia and reperfusion remain elusive. METHODS: The effects of CGRP on cardiac performance in isolated rat hearts subjected to 50 min global ...
Bae Soochan - - 2011
Vitamin D deficiency is associated with cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure, and vitamin D therapy prevents the progression of cardiac hypertrophy in animal models. Here, we examine whether vitamin D therapy prevents progression of pre-existing cardiac hypertrophy and development of heart failure. When male Dahl salt-sensitive rats were fed a ...
Yu Bin - - 2011
The effect of Cyclovirobuxine D, an active ingredient from Buxus microphylla, was investigated in the potential prevention of cardiac dysfunction in rats with congestive heart failure. Heart failure was induced by left coronary artery occlusion and verified using echocardiography. Cyclovirobuxine D was administered for 30days (0.5, 1.0 and 2.0mg/kg, ig) ...
Xue Mei - - 2011
In this study, the dynamic expression of granule membrane protein-140 (GMP-140), tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin (IL)-6, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 was observed in a rat model of myocardial infarction. Out of 276 Wistar rats, 6 were randomly selected as the ...
Mitręga Katarzyna - - 2011
Branched chain amino acids (BCAA) have been shown to have a general protective effect on the heart in different animal models as well as in humans. However, so far no attempt has been made to specifically elucidate their influence on arrhythmias. Our study was performed to evaluate whether an infusion ...
Faria Thaís de Oliveira Tde - - 2011
We evaluated the use of body weight (BW) loss soon after acute myocardial infarction (MI) in rats as a marker of acute heart failure (HF). Female Wistar rats (200-240 g) were submitted either to sham operation or to coronary artery occlusion. In individual cages, daily BW and food and water ...
Liu L - - 2011
Background: Inhibiting mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening is a key protection of the myocardium from ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Here, we investigated age-associated differences in the ability of cyclosporine A (CsA) to protect the heart and to modulate mPTP opening during I/R injury in vivo and its opening induced by ...
Wan Jie - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) has been reported as an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease; however it is not clear regarding the action of HHcy on the homing of cardiac stem cells (CSCs) to the damaged myocardium and the consequent CSCs-mediated cardiac repair post myocardial infarction. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats ...
Hussain Afthab - - 2011
Hydrogen sulphide has been identified as a gas signalling molecule in the body, and has previously been shown to have vasorelaxant properties. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of sodium hydrosulphide (NaHS), a hydrogen sulphide donor, on heart rate (HR), left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) and ...
Xie Nianlin - - 2011
Patients with diabetes show enhanced susceptibility to myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury. Epidemiological studies indicated that consumption of α-linolenic acid (ALA) significantly reduces the risk of cardiac events in post-acute myocardial infarction patients. The present study attempted to investigate the effects of ALA intake on MI/R injury in normal and diabetic ...
Rebrova T Yu - - 2011
Blood serum was from 12-month-old Wistar rats with experimental myocardial infarction caused by occlusion of the upper third of the left coronary artery was analyzed. The content of conjugated dienes by the 45th day after primary experimental myocardial infarction returned to normal and did not differ from that in intact ...
Tandon Nina - - 2011
In vitro application of pulsatile electrical stimulation to neonatal rat cardiomyocytes cultured on polymer scaffolds has been shown to improve the functional assembly of cells into contractile engineered cardiac tissues. However, to date, the conditions of electrical stimulation have not been optimized. We have systematically varied the electrode material, amplitude ...
Lisa Mathews - - 2011
Coronary artery disease is a global health concern in the present day with limited therapies. Extensive efforts have been devoted to find molecular therapies to enhance perfusion and function of the ischemic myocardium. Aim of the present study was to look into the effects of insulin like growth factor -1 ...
Cao H-M - - 2011
Microtubules are important components of the cytoskeleton that forms the backbone of myocardial architecture, sustaining its form and size. This study investigated whether stabilizing microtubules with paclitaxel (0.1 or 1 μM) could decrease myocardial ischaemia- reperfusion injury, and reduce myocardial infarct size and the incidence of ischaemic ventricular arrhythmia. Isolated ...
Wen Hua-Zhi - - 2011
Electrical remodeling at infarct border zone has been shown to contribute to the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias after myocardial infarction (MI). Electrical remodeling is causally associated with sympathetic neural remodeling in MI. Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A), a potent neural chemorepellent for sympathetic axons, has been demonstrated to suppress sympathetic neural remodeling ...
Watanabe Ryo - - 2011
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) contributes to cardiac ventricular remodeling because migration of inflammatory cells and attenuation of extracellular matrix degradation are caused by plasmin and matrix metalloproteinase. However, the roles of PAI-1 in myocardial ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury and the following inflammatory response have not yet been well elucidated. To ...
Arozal Wawaimuli - - 2011
Anthracyclines, most powerful anticancer agents, suffer from their cardiotoxic effects, which may be due to the induction of oxidative stress. Carvedilol, a third-generation, nonselective β-adrenoreceptor antagonist, possesses both reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging and ROS suppressive effects. It showed protective effects against daunorubicin- (DNR-) induced cardiac toxicity by reducing oxidative ...
Baldo Marcelo P - - 2011
Background/Aim. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) reduces myocardial injury and improves cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI). We investigated the early alterations provided by G-CSF and the chronic repercussions in infarcted rats. Methods. Male Wistar rats (200-250g) received vehicle (MI) or G-CSF (MI-GCSF) (50 μg/kg, sc) at 7, 3 and 1 ...
Küppers-Tiedt Lea - - 2011
Introduction: The only causal therapy in ischemic stroke is thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA), but it is feasible only for few patients, and new therapies are needed. This study investigates the effects of systemic thrombolysis with rtPA combined with hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in embolic stroke in rats. ...
Johansen David - - 2011
Aim: Gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) and hemichannel permeability may have important roles during an ischemic insult. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of ischemia on gap junction channels and hemichannels. Methods: We used neonatal rat heart myofibroblasts and simulated ischemia with a HEPES buffer with high potassium, low ...
Thuc Luong Cong - - 2011
Statins are reported to reduce mortality in patients with coronary artery disease and that mortality benefit might be related to the drugs' antiarrhythmic properties. Male rats were fed with or without pravastatin (0.1 mg·kg⁻¹·day⁻¹) for 7 days, and thereafter subjected to 10 min of ischemia by coronary artery ligation followed ...
Sunagawa Yoichi - - 2011
A natural p300-specific histone acetyltransferase (HAT) inhibitor, curcumin, may have therapeutic potential for heart failure. However, it is unclear whether curcumin exhibits beneficial additive or synergistic effects on conventional therapy with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs). Rats were subjected to a sham operation or left coronary artery ligation. One week later, ...
Andersen Ann-Dorit - - 2011
Background: Ischemic postconditioning (PostC), i.e. brief ischemia-reperfusion cycles before full reperfusion, is protective against cardiac ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Inhibition of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger NHE1 and delayed intracellular pH-normalization have been proposed to underlie protection by PostC. Methods and Results: We used Langendorff perfused rat hearts exposed to 35 min global ...
Hou Y - - 2011
Coronary artery ligation is widely used for myocardial infarction (MI) induction in rats but produces a large variation in infarct size - a major determinant of mortality. Accurate control of infarct size is critically important for the establishment of a useful animal model. This study determined the anatomical course of ...
Tsubokawa Tamiji - - 2011
The recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) is a useful therapy for acute ischemic stroke patients, but there is a major risk factor of hemorrhagic transformation. Hyperglycemic patients are not able to admit t-PA because hyperglycemia exaggerates ischemic brain and vascular damage following transient focal cerebral ischemia and frequently induces hemorrhagic ...
Shaheen Mazen - - 2011
Congestive heart failure (CHF), a common clinical syndrome, has reached epidemic proportions. Its disabling symptoms account for frequent hospitalizations and readmissions. Pathophysiological mechanisms that lead to CHF and account for its progressive nature are of considerable interest. Important scientific observations obtained from Dr Pawan K Singal's laboratory in Winnipeg, Manitoba, ...
Haleagrahara Nagaraja - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to look into the possible protective effects of glycyrrhizic acid (GA) against isoproterenol-induced acute myocardial infarction in Sprague-Dawley rats. The effect of three doses of glycyrrhizic acid in response to isoproterenol (ISO)-induced changes in 8-isoprostane, lipid hydroperoxides, super oxide dismutase and total glutathione ...
Juggi Jasbir S - - 2011
Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) has been reported to play an important role in ischemia reperfusion injury and ischemic preconditioning (IPC). However, its role is not completely understood. Recently, normothermic IPC (NIPC), hyperthermic IPC (HIPC), preconditioning (PC) with 17-beta estradiol (estrogen, E2) and E2 pretreatment were proven to be effective in ...
Ren Hong-Mei - - 2011
Responsiveness of the "jaundiced heart" to propofol is not completely understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of propofol on myocardial performance in rats with obstructive jaundice. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 40) were randomly allocated into two groups, twenty underwent bile duct ligation (BDL), and ...
Huhta James - - 2011
The natural history of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries is of clinical/surgical importance once the fetus is born without heart block or signs of heart failure. Without significant tricuspid valve malformation, associated defects such as ventricular septal defect and left ventricular outflow obstruction can be repaired surgically. The ...
Fosshaug Linn E - - 2011
In the western world, heart failure (HF) is one of the most important causes of cardiovascular mortality. Supplement with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) has been shown to improve cardiac function in HF and to decrease mortality after myocardial infarction (MI). The molecular structure and composition of n-3 PUFA varies ...
Ryang Yu-Mi - - 2011
Thrombolysis after acute ischemic stroke has only proven to be beneficial in a subset of patients. The soluble recombinant analogue of human thrombomodulin, Solulin, was studied in an in vivo rat model of acute ischemic stroke. Male SD rats were subjected to 2 hrs of transient middle cerebral artery occlusion ...
Chabot Andreanne - - 2011
The mechanisms of benefit of mineralocorticoid receptors antagonists in congestive heart failure (CHF) are still debated. We hypothesized that aldosterone contributes to pulmonary remodelling and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction associated with CHF by stimulation of lung myofibroblasts (MYFs) proliferation. Rats with moderate to large myocardial infarcts (MI) and CHF were ...
Tang Xian-Liang - - 2011
Although statins impart a number of cardiovascular benefits, whether statin therapy during the peri-infarct period improves subsequent myocardial structure and function remains unclear. Thus, we evaluated the effects of atorvastatin on cardiac function, remodeling, fibrosis, and apoptosis after myocardial infarction (MI). Two groups of rats were subjected to permanent coronary ...
Song Xian Jing - - 2011
To determine the effect of atorvastatin on rat heart failure after myocardial infarction and to investigate the underlying mechanism of atorvastatin-mediated myocardium protection. Thirty-eight rats were randomly divided into three groups: a heart failure model group (model group), a heart failure plus atorvastatin treatment group (atorvastatin group) and a sham-surgery ...
Savinova Olga V - - 2011
Low thyroid hormone (TH) function has been linked to impaired coronary blood flow, reduced density of small arterioles, and heart failure. Nonetheless, little is known about the mechanisms by which THs regulate coronary microvascular remodeling. The current study examined the initial cellular events associated with coronary remodeling induced by triiodothyronine ...
Xia Rui - - 2011
Diabetes mellitus is associated with decreased NO bioavailability in the myocardium. Ginsenoside Rb1 has been shown to confer cardioprotection against ischemia reperfusion injury. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Ginsenoside Rb1 exerts cardioprotective effects during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion in diabetic rats and whether this effect is related to ...
Yin Meimei - - 2011
Progressive remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Recently, glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 was shown to have cardioprotective effects, but treatment with GLP-1 is limited by its short half-life. It is rapidly degraded by the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4), an enzyme which inhibits GLP-1 activity. ...
Rodrigues Bruno - - 2011
To investigate the effects of hyperglycemia on left ventricular dysfunction, morphometry, myocardial infarction area, hemodynamic parameters, oxidative stress profile, and mortality rate in rats that had undergone seven days of myocardial infarction. Previous research has demonstrated that hyperglycemia may protect the heart against ischemic injury. Male Wistar rats were divided ...
Xie Jun - - 2011
Integrin linked kinase (ILK), as an important component of mechanical stretch sensor, can initiate cellular signaling response in the heart when cardiac preload increases. Previous work demonstrated increased ILK expression could induce angiogenesis to improved heart function after MI. However the patholo-physiological role of ILK in cardiac remodeling after MI ...
Binsalamah Ziyad Mohammed - - 2011
Acute myocardial ischemia results in scar formation with ventricular dilatation and eventually heart failure. Placental growth factor (PlGF) is reported to stimulate angiogenesis and improve cardiac function. In this study, it was hypothesized that intramyocardial injection of PlGF contained in nanoparticles can be released at the site of action for ...
Wilkinson James L - - 2011
The term discordant atrioventricular connections refers to the situation in which the ventricles are connected inappropriately to the atrial chambers. In most instances, the connections of the great arteries are also abnormal, with the aorta and the pulmonary trunk arising from morphologically inappropriate ventricles. This combination results in the presence ...
Tian Yikui - - 2011
Postconditioning (PostC) inhibits myocardial apoptosis after ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. The JAK2-STAT3 pathway has anti-apoptotic effects and plays an essential role in the late protection of preconditioning. Our aim was to investigate the anti-apoptotic effect of PostC after prolonged reperfusion and the role of the JAK2-STAT3 pathway in the anti-apoptotic effect ...
Holinski Sebastian - - 2011
Feasibility of noninvasive monitoring of cardiac function after surgically induced ischemic cardiomyopathy with tissue Doppler and non-Doppler 2D strain echocardiography in rats. The optimal method for quantitative assessment of global and regional ventricular function in rats with chronic heart failure for research purposes remains unclear. 20 rats underwent suture ligation ...
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