Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1955
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Gutkowska J - - 2011
Traditionally associated with female reproduction, oxytocin (OT) was revisited recently and revealed several new roles in the cardiovascular system. Functional OT receptors have been discovered in the rat and human heart as well as in vascular beds. OT's cardiovascular activities include: i) lowering blood pressure, ii) negative cardiac inotropy and ...
Bharti Saurabh - - 2011
PURPOSE: Traditional medicine has been appropriately identified as the most productive soil for the cultivation and harvesting of modern medicines. Herein, we postulate that safranal, an active constituent of Crocus sativus, owing to its strong antioxidant and anti-apoptotic potential, could be a valuable molecule in alleviating myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. ...
Yuan Ming-Jie - - 2011
Ghrelin is a novel growth hormone-releasing peptide, which has been shown to exert beneficial effects on ventricular remodeling. In this study, we investigated whether ghrelin could decrease vulnerability to ventricular arrhythmias in rats with myocardial infarction and the possible mechanism. Twenty-four hours after ligation of the anterior descending artery, adult ...
Dong Liuyi - - 2011
The aim of the present study is to investigate the effects and its possible underlying mechanisms of vitexin on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in isolated rat hearts. Isolated rat hearts were perfused with Langendorff apparatus, which subjected to 30min ischemia and then followed by 60min reperfusion. In the isolated rat ...
Cai Anping - - 2011
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been extensively applied for the restoration of cardiomyocytes loss after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, the optimal therapeutic efficacy of MSCs in ischemic heart diseases has been hampered by their poor survival and low differentiated rates. Therefore, the improvement of MSC survival and differentiated rates ...
Pantsi W G - - 2011
Rooibos, a unique South African herbal tea, is known to be an important source of unique polyphenolic compounds. In the present study we have quantified the main polyphenolic compounds in both fermented/traditional and unfermented/"green" rooibos (Aspalathus linearis) and evaluated its cardioprotective effects against ischaemia/reperfusion injury. Male Wistar rats consumed aqueous ...
Lin Xiaoli - - 2012
An intra-myocardial injection of a cardiogenic factor (cardiogenin) was reported to induce myocardial regeneration of exogenous mesenchymal stem cell (MSCs) origin. In this study, replacement of the dangerous intra-myocardial injection with a safe method and whether the endogenous MSCs contribute to the cardiogenin-mediated myocardial regeneration were investigated. Bone marrow transplantation ...
Khanna Ashwani K - - 2011
The contribution of chronic tobacco exposure in determining post-myocardial infarction (MI) left ventricular (LV) remodeling and possible therapeutic strategies has not been investigated systematically. In this small animal investigation, we demonstrate that chronic tobacco smoke exposure leading up to acute MI in rats is associated with greater histological extent of ...
Qi Yanfei - - 2012
We hypothesized that moderate cardiac-selective overexpression of the angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT2R) would protect the myocardium from ischaemic injury after a myocardial infarction (MI) induced by coronary artery ligation. For in vitro studies, adenoviral vector expressing genomic DNA of AT2R and enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) was used ...
Dawson A - - 2011
Cardiac myocytes were traditionally regarded as terminally differentiated cells that adapt to stress and disease exclusively through hypertrophy. Now the adult heart is known to possess stem cells, known as cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs), capable of hyperplasia and repair; however whether CPCs exist in the elderly heart or if CPC ...
Zhang Changwei - - 2011
The tissue-engineered cardiac patch can alleviate ventricular remodeling and improve functional recovery in experimental myocardial infarction. However, the size of the engineered patch is limited due to insufficient vascularization. This study evaluated the effects of autologous atrial tissue patch cardiomyoplasty and omentopexy in rats with myocardial infarction. Myocardial infarction was ...
Kumar Bharath P - - 2011
The present study was designed to evaluate the cardioprotective effects of methanolic extract of Litsea deccanensis (MELD) against isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction in rats by studying cardiac markers, lipid peroxidation, lipid profile, and histological changes. Male Wistar rats were treated orally with MELD (100 and 200 mg/kg) daily for a period ...
Yang Jing - - 2011
Objective To investigate whether the protection of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is mediated by toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/NF-κB pathway,and whether these effects are related to the release of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP). Methods Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to 60 min of ligation of the left anterior ...
Jiang Peng - - 2011
Fourteen biomarkers in the early period of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in rat serum were identified using a metabolomic approach. These biomarkers include 5-methylcytosine, cystathionine ketimine, 2-oxoadipic acid, thymidine, epinephrine, homocystine, uric acid, 12(S)-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12s-HPETE), 11-dehydrocorticosterone, 12(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12s-HETE), deoxycorticosterone, corticosterone, aldosterone and cortisol. Identification of these biomarkers not ...
- - 2011
Cover image:  Representative images of left ventricular myocytes from Wistar Kyoto (WKY, left) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR, right) labelled with antibodies raised against the calcium-ATPase SERCA2a (red) and the sarcolemmal sodium-calcium exchanger (NCX, green). See Ward et al., pp 711-716. •  Cilostazol reduces myocardial infarct size •  HF enhances ...
Carr C A - - 2011
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells provide a promising source of cardiac progenitor cells for administration to the infarcted heart. Here, we describe a protocol for efficient, serum free, directed differentiation of human iPS cells, as a monolayer, that yields a mixed population in which cardiomyocytes, endothelium and smooth muscle cells ...
Piao Cheng Shi - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the preventive role of epigallocatechin-3 gallate (EGCG, a derivative of green tea) in ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury of isolated rat hearts. It has been suggested that EGCG has beneficial health effects, including prevention of cancer and heart disease, and it is also a ...
Wei Eric Q - - 2011
The four fibroblast growth factor homologous factors (FHFs; FGF11-FGF14) are intracellular proteins that bind and modulate voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs). Although FHFs have been well studied in neurons and implicated in neurologic disease, their role in cardiomyocytes was unclear until recently. This review discusses the expression profile and function of ...
Gutgesell Howard P HP Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA, - - 2011
We review our 16-year experience using the large, multi-institutional database of the University HealthSystem Consortium to study management and outcomes in congenital heart surgery for hypoplastic left heart syndrome, transposition of the great arteries, and neonatal coarctation. The advantages, limitations, and use of administrative databases by others to study congenital ...
Saravanan G - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have a high prevalence in developing and developed countries and myocardial infarction accounts for majority of deaths and disabilities. The current study dealt with the protective role of Amaranthus viridis Linn on isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. METHODS: Subcutaneous injection of ISO (20mg/kg body ...
Tandri Harikrishna - - 2011
Electrical impulse propagation is an essential function in cardiac, skeletal muscle, and nervous tissue. Abnormalities in cardiac impulse propagation underlie lethal reentrant arrhythmias, including ventricular fibrillation. Temporary propagation block throughout the ventricular myocardium could possibly terminate these arrhythmias. Electrical stimulation has been applied to nervous tissue to cause reversible conduction ...
Perepu Rama Surya Prakash - - 2011
A number of advancements have been made toward identifying the risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and have resulted in a decline in mortality. However, many patients with cardiac disease show no established previous risk. Thus, it appears that other unknown factors contribute to the pathophysiology of CVD. Out ...
Radin M Judith - - 2011
Interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β) is a proinflammatory cytokine with potent cardiosuppressive effects. Previous studies have shown that leptin blunts the negative inotropic effects of IL-1β in isolated adult rat cardiac myocytes. However, the interactions between leptin and IL-1β in the heart have not been examined on a background of chronic ...
Zhang Yan - - 2011
Augmented endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) signaling has been reported to be associated with improvements in cardiac remodeling, and NO levels have been shown to be related to cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Imperatorin, a dietary furanocoumarin, has been shown to prevent cardiac hypertrophy in the spontaneous hypertension rats ...
Khan Mahmood - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was to demonstrate the contribution of pulmonary-generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) on cardiac dysfunction using a rat model of ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Three groups of rats were subjected to regional IR injury in (i) lung, (ii) heart, (iii) lung + heart. A fourth (control) group of ...
Tian Hai - - 2011
Aims: After a myocardial infarction (MI), an increase in the cardiac ratio of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) relative to their inhibitors (TIMPs) causes extracellular matrix modulation that leads to ventricular dilatation and congestive heart failure. Cell therapy can mitigate these effects. In this study, we tested whether increasing MMP inhibition via ...
Frasier Chad R - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine if exercise (Ex) protects hearts from arrhythmias induced by glutathione oxidation or ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). Female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two experimental groups: sedentary controls (Sed) or short-term Ex (10 days of treadmill running). Twenty-four hours after the last session, hearts were ...
Ponnian Stanely Mainzen Prince - - 2011
(-) Epicatechin rich foods and (-) epicatechin improve cardiovascular function. Consumption of diets rich in flavonoids is associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases. Oxidative stress resulting from increased production of free radicals associated with decreased levels of antioxidants in the myocardium plays a major role in the pathogenesis of ...
Le Visage Catherine - - 2012
The use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for tissue regeneration is often hampered by modest engraftment in host tissue. This study was designed to quantitatively compare MSCs engraftment rates after delivery using a polysaccharide-based porous scaffold or endocardial (EC) injection in a rat myocardial infarction model. Cellular engraftment was measured ...
Govindan Suresh S Department of Cell and Molecular Physiology, Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago, Maywood, IL 60153, - - 2012
Cardiac myosin binding protein-C (cMyBP-C) is a thick filament assembly protein that stabilizes sarcomeric structure and regulates cardiac function; however, the profile of cMyBP-C degradation after myocardial infarction (MI) is unknown. We hypothesized that cMyBP-C is sensitive to proteolysis and is specifically increased in the bloodstream post-MI in rats and ...
Sohma Ryoichi - - 2011
PURPOSE: Statins attenuate angiotensin II-induced myocyte hypertrophy and this might increase the cardioprotective effects of renin-angiotensin system inhibition in the ischemic heart. In this study, we investigated the cardioprotective effects of combination therapy with low-dose simvastatin and low-dose losartan using a rat myocardial infarction model. METHODS: Myocardial infarction was created ...
Lopez-Andres Natalia - - 2011
Aims. Hyperaldosteronim is associated with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and fibrosis. Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) is a cytokine that induces myocardial remodelling. We have investigated whether CT-1 mediates aldosterone (Aldo)-induced myocardial remodelling in two experimental models. Methods. Wistar rats were treated with Aldo-salt (1 mg⋅Kg(-1)⋅day(-1)) with or without spironolactone (200 mg⋅Kg(-1)⋅day(-1)) for ...
Hauton David - - 2011
The consequences of acute hypothermia include impaired cardiovascular performance, ultimately leading to circulatory collapse. We examined the extent to which this results from intrinsic limitations to cardiac performance or physiological dysregulation/autonomic imbalance, and whether chronic cold exposure could ameliorate the impaired function. Wistar rats were held at a 12 h:12 ...
Jin Y-N - - 2011
We investigated the long-term effects of human hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) gene therapy in a rat myocardial infarct model. Treatment adenovirus coexpressing the HGF therapeutic gene and the human sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) reporter gene or control adenovirus expressing the NIS gene alone were injected directly into the infarct border zone ...
Messroghli Daniel - - 2011
BACKGROUND: -It has been shown that the concentration of gadopentetate dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA) in myocardium and blood can be assessed from T1 measurements, and be used to calculate the extracellular volume (ECV) of the myocardium. We hypothesized that diffuse myocardial fibrosis in a small animal model could be quantitatively assessed by ...
Ríha H - - 2011
Inhalational anesthetic-induced preconditioning (APC) has been shown to reduce infarct size and attenuate contractile dysfunction caused by myocardial ischemia. Only a few studies have reported the effects of APC on arrhythmias during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury, focusing exclusively on reperfusion. Accordingly, the aim of the present study was to examine the ...
Chen Yuan-Cheng - - 2011
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Danshensu is an active water-soluble component from Salvia Miltiorrhiza, which has been demonstrated holding multiple mechanisms for the regulation of cardiovascular system. However, the relative contribution of danshensu to its multiple cardiovascular activities remains largely unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: To develop an artificial neural network (NN) model ...
Poppe Annika - - 2011
Stem cells transplanted to an injured heart affect the host myocardium indirectly. The cytokine hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) may play a key role in this paracrine activity. We hypothesized that HGF-overexpressing stem cells would restore cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI). Because there is a high rate of cell death ...
Xing Yanwei - - 2011
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Allium sativum L. (DaSuan in Mandarin) is a traditional Chinese herb that has been used to prevent and heal cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of allitridi (an active constituent of Allium sativum L.) and amiodarone on the conduction system and on reverse use-dependence in the isolated ...
Montgomery Rusty L - - 2011
Diastolic dysfunction in response to hypertrophy is a major clinical syndrome with few therapeutic options. MicroRNAs act as negative regulators of gene expression by inhibiting translation or promoting degradation of target mRNAs. Previously, we reported that genetic deletion of the cardiac-specific miR-208a prevents pathological cardiac remodeling and upregulation of Myh7 ...
Du Chang-Qing - - 2011
Overproduction of circulating S100A8/A9 occurs in patients following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). It remains unclear whether ischemia insult per se induces S100A8 and S100A9 expression in cardiac myocytes or even whether the cardiac myocytes participate as a source of these proteins. In this study, western blot analysis and quantitative real-time ...
Maniotis Christos - - 2011
Chronic hind-limb ischemia confers cytoprotection after coronary occlusion, but it is unclear whether it ameliorates substrate formation for ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTs). Chronic hind-limb ischemia was generated by femoral artery excision in 50 rats, while 25 animals were sham-operated. Left coronary artery ligation was performed after 3 weeks and infarct size ...
Lobo Filho Heraldo Guedis - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and validate, in our laboratory, the essay of myocardial infarction induced by isoproterenol in rats by means of analysis of hematological, biochemical, oxidative stress markers and histopathological parameters. METHODS: Thirty young, male, Wistar rats (145 to 230 g) were randomly allocated in two groups: Sham group, which ...
Münzel Gerald - - 2011
Intermedin, a novel member of the calcitonin/calcitonin gene-related peptide family identified from vertebrate genomes, may directly affect cardiac function but current studies revealed no clear picture. The aims of our study were to compare direct contractile effects of intermedin on cardiomyocytes to that on the whole organ and to investigate ...
Xiao Rong - - 2011
: Ischemic/hypoxic myocardial damage and functional impairment of the myocardium occurs immediately after major burns. This experimental study investigated whether the prompt cardiac dysfunction initiates hepatic, renal, and intestinal injuries soon after a severe burn. : Wistar rats were randomized to a sham burn group, a burn group (subjected to ...
Hutchinson Kirk R - - 2011
Current surgical management of volume overload-induced heart failure (HF) leads to variable recovery of left ventricular (LV) function despite a return of LV geometry. The mechanisms that prevent restoration of function are unknown but may be related to the timing of intervention and the degree of LV contractile impairment. This ...
Chen Hank H Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, CA 92350, - - 2011
The neonatal hypoxia-ischemia rat model referred to as the Rice-Vannucci model is extensively used to study perinatal hypoxia-ischemia and child brain injury. One of the major weaknesses of this model is its inconsistency of brain infarction among animals. We hypothesize that the inconsistency of infarction is caused by prolonged operation ...
Kim Yong Sook - - 2011
Oxytocin stimulates the cardiomyogenesis of embryonic stem cells and adult cardiac stem cells. We previously reported that oxytocin has a promigratory effect on umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UCB-MSCs). In this study, UCB-MSCs were cultured with oxytocin and examined for their therapeutic effect in an infarcted heart. UCB-MSCs were ...
Wei Li - - 2011
Ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is harmful to the cardiovascular system and is responsible for the inflammatory response, which, in turn, aggravates cardiac dysfunction. This study was designed to investigate the protective effect and potential mechanism of a haemoglobin-based oxygen carrier on cold I/R-injured hearts. Isolated Sprague-Dawley rat hearts were perfused in ...
Mochizuki Toshiaki - - 2011
Aim: Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is widely used as a cardioprotective treatment for cardiac arrest. TH at 30-32°C during ischaemia and reperfusion has a cardioprotective effect. The aims of the study were to examine whether TH at 34°C with late induction (immediately after the start of reperfusion) has a cardioprotective effect ...
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