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Results 451 - 500 of 1958
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Haleagrahara Nagaraja - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to look into the possible protective effects of glycyrrhizic acid (GA) against isoproterenol-induced acute myocardial infarction in Sprague-Dawley rats. The effect of three doses of glycyrrhizic acid in response to isoproterenol (ISO)-induced changes in 8-isoprostane, lipid hydroperoxides, super oxide dismutase and total glutathione ...
Juggi Jasbir S - - 2011
Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) has been reported to play an important role in ischemia reperfusion injury and ischemic preconditioning (IPC). However, its role is not completely understood. Recently, normothermic IPC (NIPC), hyperthermic IPC (HIPC), preconditioning (PC) with 17-beta estradiol (estrogen, E2) and E2 pretreatment were proven to be effective in ...
Ren Hong-Mei - - 2011
Responsiveness of the "jaundiced heart" to propofol is not completely understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of propofol on myocardial performance in rats with obstructive jaundice. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 40) were randomly allocated into two groups, twenty underwent bile duct ligation (BDL), and ...
Huhta James - - 2011
The natural history of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries is of clinical/surgical importance once the fetus is born without heart block or signs of heart failure. Without significant tricuspid valve malformation, associated defects such as ventricular septal defect and left ventricular outflow obstruction can be repaired surgically. The ...
Fosshaug Linn E - - 2011
In the western world, heart failure (HF) is one of the most important causes of cardiovascular mortality. Supplement with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) has been shown to improve cardiac function in HF and to decrease mortality after myocardial infarction (MI). The molecular structure and composition of n-3 PUFA varies ...
Ryang Yu-Mi - - 2011
Thrombolysis after acute ischemic stroke has only proven to be beneficial in a subset of patients. The soluble recombinant analogue of human thrombomodulin, Solulin, was studied in an in vivo rat model of acute ischemic stroke. Male SD rats were subjected to 2 hrs of transient middle cerebral artery occlusion ...
Chabot Andreanne - - 2011
The mechanisms of benefit of mineralocorticoid receptors antagonists in congestive heart failure (CHF) are still debated. We hypothesized that aldosterone contributes to pulmonary remodelling and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction associated with CHF by stimulation of lung myofibroblasts (MYFs) proliferation. Rats with moderate to large myocardial infarcts (MI) and CHF were ...
Tang Xian-Liang - - 2011
Although statins impart a number of cardiovascular benefits, whether statin therapy during the peri-infarct period improves subsequent myocardial structure and function remains unclear. Thus, we evaluated the effects of atorvastatin on cardiac function, remodeling, fibrosis, and apoptosis after myocardial infarction (MI). Two groups of rats were subjected to permanent coronary ...
Song Xian Jing - - 2011
To determine the effect of atorvastatin on rat heart failure after myocardial infarction and to investigate the underlying mechanism of atorvastatin-mediated myocardium protection. Thirty-eight rats were randomly divided into three groups: a heart failure model group (model group), a heart failure plus atorvastatin treatment group (atorvastatin group) and a sham-surgery ...
Savinova Olga V - - 2011
Low thyroid hormone (TH) function has been linked to impaired coronary blood flow, reduced density of small arterioles, and heart failure. Nonetheless, little is known about the mechanisms by which THs regulate coronary microvascular remodeling. The current study examined the initial cellular events associated with coronary remodeling induced by triiodothyronine ...
Xia Rui - - 2011
Diabetes mellitus is associated with decreased NO bioavailability in the myocardium. Ginsenoside Rb1 has been shown to confer cardioprotection against ischemia reperfusion injury. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Ginsenoside Rb1 exerts cardioprotective effects during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion in diabetic rats and whether this effect is related to ...
Yin Meimei - - 2011
Progressive remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Recently, glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 was shown to have cardioprotective effects, but treatment with GLP-1 is limited by its short half-life. It is rapidly degraded by the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4), an enzyme which inhibits GLP-1 activity. ...
Rodrigues Bruno - - 2011
To investigate the effects of hyperglycemia on left ventricular dysfunction, morphometry, myocardial infarction area, hemodynamic parameters, oxidative stress profile, and mortality rate in rats that had undergone seven days of myocardial infarction. Previous research has demonstrated that hyperglycemia may protect the heart against ischemic injury. Male Wistar rats were divided ...
Xie Jun - - 2011
Integrin linked kinase (ILK), as an important component of mechanical stretch sensor, can initiate cellular signaling response in the heart when cardiac preload increases. Previous work demonstrated increased ILK expression could induce angiogenesis to improved heart function after MI. However the patholo-physiological role of ILK in cardiac remodeling after MI ...
Binsalamah Ziyad Mohammed - - 2011
Acute myocardial ischemia results in scar formation with ventricular dilatation and eventually heart failure. Placental growth factor (PlGF) is reported to stimulate angiogenesis and improve cardiac function. In this study, it was hypothesized that intramyocardial injection of PlGF contained in nanoparticles can be released at the site of action for ...
Wilkinson James L - - 2011
The term discordant atrioventricular connections refers to the situation in which the ventricles are connected inappropriately to the atrial chambers. In most instances, the connections of the great arteries are also abnormal, with the aorta and the pulmonary trunk arising from morphologically inappropriate ventricles. This combination results in the presence ...
Tian Yikui - - 2011
Postconditioning (PostC) inhibits myocardial apoptosis after ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. The JAK2-STAT3 pathway has anti-apoptotic effects and plays an essential role in the late protection of preconditioning. Our aim was to investigate the anti-apoptotic effect of PostC after prolonged reperfusion and the role of the JAK2-STAT3 pathway in the anti-apoptotic effect ...
Holinski Sebastian - - 2011
Feasibility of noninvasive monitoring of cardiac function after surgically induced ischemic cardiomyopathy with tissue Doppler and non-Doppler 2D strain echocardiography in rats. The optimal method for quantitative assessment of global and regional ventricular function in rats with chronic heart failure for research purposes remains unclear. 20 rats underwent suture ligation ...
Chen Yu - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) on ventricular fibrillation (VF) in rats with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Rats were randomly classified into AMI group, sham operation group and recombinant human tumor necrosis factor receptor:Fc fusion protein (rhTNFR:Fc) group. Spontaneous and induced ...
Bao Weike - - 2011
The cardioprotective effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and analogs have been previously reported. We tested the hypothesis that albiglutide, a novel long half-life analog of GLP-1, may protect the heart against I/R injury by increasing carbohydrate utilization and improving cardiac energetic efficiency. Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with albiglutide and subjected ...
Li Yefei - - 2011
Results for implantation efficiency and effective improvement of cardiac function in the field of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are controversial. To attempt to clarify this debate, we utilized magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and near-infrared optical imaging (OI) to explore the effects of different delivery modes of mesenchymal stem cells on ...
Veiga Eduardo C A - - 2011
This study aimed to investigate whether previous exercise training could prevent or attenuate acute cardiac alterations after myocardial infarction. Female rats were submitted to swim training (1 h/day; 5 days/week) or allowed to remain sedentary for 8 weeks. Afterwards, they were randomly assigned to left coronary artery occlusion or sham ...
Liu Xingyan - - 2011
The objective of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics of the ligustrazine ethosome patch and antimyocardial ischemia and anti-ischemic reperfusion injury effect. Male Sprague Dawley rats were divided randomly into 3 groups: Group A (intragastric ligustrazine), Group B (transdermal ligustrazine ethosome patch), and Group C (conventional transdermal ligustrazine patch). ...
Price Anthony N - - 2011
Myocardial infarction (MI) can be readily assessed using late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). Inversion recovery (IR) sequences provide the highest contrast between enhanced infarct areas and healthy myocardium. Applying such methods to small animals is challenging due to rapid respiratory and cardiac rates relative to T1 relaxation. ...
Ni Li - - 2011
Long-term β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) blockade reduces mortality in patients with heart failure. Chronic sympathetic hyperactivity in heart failure causes sustained β-AR activation, and this can deplete Ca(2+) in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) leading to ER stress and subsequent apoptosis. We tested the effect of β-AR blockers on ER stress pathway in ...
Carr Carolyn A CA Department of Physiology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom. - - 2011
Endogenous cardiac progenitor cells, expanded from explants via cardiosphere formation, present a promising cell source to prevent heart failure following myocardial infarction. Here we used cine-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to track administered cardiosphere-derived cells (CDCs) and to measure changes in cardiac function over four months in the infarcted rat heart. ...
Stuckey Daniel J DJ Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford, UK. - - 2011
In humans, dynamic contrast CMR of the first pass of a bolus infusion of Gadolinium-based contrast agent has become a standard technique to identify under-perfused regions of the heart and can accurately demonstrate the severity of myocardial infarction. Despite the clinical importance of this method, it has rarely been applied ...
Al Hashimi H M M HM Canisius Wilhelmina Hospital, P.O. Box 9015, 6500 GS Nijmegen, The - - 2011
Congenital anomalies of the coronary arteries are relatively rare. Mostly asymptomatic, however, some can cause problems, as heart failure, myocardial ischemia, and ventricular arrhythmia, and are associated with risk of complications, such as endocarditis and coronary rupture or sudden death. A case of a 69-year-old man with complaints of tiredness, ...
Hales Patrick W PW Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. - - 2011
Chemical tissue fixation, followed by embedding in either agarose or Fomblin, is common practice in time-intensive MRI studies of ex vivo biological samples, and is required to prevent tissue autolysis and sample motion. However, the combined effect of fixation and sample embedding may alter tissue structure and MRI properties. We ...
Vasanthi Hannah Rachel - - 2010
Hydroalcoholic extract of Dioscorea bulbifera (DB), a yam variety called air potato, was tested for its protective effect on myocardial ischemic/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats due to apoptosis and necrosis. Myocardial I/R injury was induced by 30 min ischemia followed by 2 h reperfusion by perfusing isolated rat hearts with ...
Scorza Fulvio A - - 2011
People with schizophrenia show a two to threefold increased risk to die prematurely than those without schizophrenia. Patients' life style, suicide, premature development of cardiovascular disease, high prevalence of metabolic syndrome and sudden cardiac death are well-known causes of the excess mortality. The exact pathophysiological cause of sudden death in ...
Badheka Apurva - - 2010
Cardiac arrhythmogenesis and cryptogenic epilepsy can be due to ion channel dysfunction and may coexist in the same patient. Sudden unexplained death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is a known entity with unknown cause, with the possibility of ventricular tachyarrhythmias being one of the causes. However, no prior study has investigated epileptic ...
Shimizu Akihiko - - 2010
Brugada syndrome (BS) has an intermittent or concealed type, which can be unmasked by the sodium (Na(+))-channel-blocker challenge test. The appropriate risk stratification of patients with a drug-induced Brugada-type electrocardiographic (ECG), especially those without a history of syncope or aborted sudden cardiac death, remains unclear. The prognosis of patients with ...
Nishimura Masato - - 2011
The incidence of cardiac death is higher among patients receiving dialysis compared with the general population. Although obstructive coronary artery disease is involved in cardiac deaths in the general population, deaths in hemodialysis patients occur in the apparent absence of obstructive coronary artery disease. To study this further, we prospectively ...
Patel Akash R - - 2011
Sudden death in pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum with right ventricular dependent coronary circulation is a well-established complication, and is thought to be caused by myocardial ischaemia. We report a case of paroxysmal complete atrioventricular block that raises the possibility of an additional mechanism of sudden death.
Rao B Hygriv - - 2012
Epidemiology of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in India is understudied. We assessed proportion of SCD among total mortality in a population in Southern India using a staged, questionnaire-based kindred-wide approach. Detailed questionnaires (DQs) were completed by medical trainees from 8 medical colleges. Preliminary questionnaires evaluated total deaths in the kindred ...
Towbin Jeffrey A - - 2010
In this article the newly classified cardiomyopathy known as left ventricular noncompaction is discussed. This genetic inherited form of heart disease has substantial risk of heart failure, stroke, metabolic derangement, arrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death. The disorder seems to occur because of an arrest of the normal process of development, ...
Link Mark S - - 2010
Athletes are thought the healthiest segment of the population. Yet, there is a general appearance that athletes are more prone to sudden cardiac death and arrhythmias than nonathletes. Bradycardias in athletes are nearly universal, but advanced heart block is usually pathologic. Athletes may be more prone to atrial fibrillation, but ...
Boriani Giuseppe - - 2010
The search for effective treatment for preventing sudden cardiac death (SCD) initially started with anti-arrhythmic agents in high-risk patients, but the use of randomized controlled trials clearly led to the conclusion that an approach based on anti-arrhythmic agents is not useful, and sometimes potentially harmful (the risk of arrhythmic death ...
Scorza Fulvio A - - 2010
Individuals with epilepsy are at higher risk of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP), responsible for 7.5% to 17% of all deaths in epilepsy. Many factors are current associated with SUDEP and possible effect of stress and cardiac arrhythmia are still not clear. Sudden death syndrome (SDS) in chickens is ...
Dhalla Naranjan S - - 2010
Although sudden cardiac death is a leading cause of mortality, the mechanisms for its pathogenesis are poorly understood. Because overactivation of sympathetic nervous system is invariably seen in subjects with high risk for sudden cardiac death, elevated levels of circulating catecholamine levels are considered to result in lethal ventricular arrhythmias ...
Tsai Chin-Feng - - 2010
Ventricular tachyarrhythmias are life threatening cardiac arrhythmias and are the most common causes of sudden cardiac death. Greater post-infarction left ventricular remodeling has been shown to have a greater preponderance of ventricular arrhythmias. The hypothesis herein is that adverse structural and electrophysiological remodeling at non-infarcted regions after myocardial infarction constitutes ...
La Gerche André - - 2011
Pre-participation screening of all competitive athletes is recommended in some countries and mandated in others to prevent sudden cardiac death in predisposed athletes. Whilst the prevalence of some conditions, which are screened for such as coronary artery anomalies and long QT syndromes, are stable across different populations, the prevalence of ...
Maujean Géraldine - - 2010
Sudden cardiac deaths constitute a major health problem. Most cases are attributed to cardiomyopathies, coronary artery diseases and functional dysregulations. Sudden death in an adult due to a primitive cardiac tumor is a rare occurrence. In the following, we present a case of an adult male who died from an ...
Amini K - - 2011
Parenteral selenium (Se) and vitamin E (Vit E) were administered to all newborn kids at a Boer goat farm where there was previous high neonatal mortality assumed to be due to nutritional myopathy. All treated kids were affected by severe respiratory distress and died within 8 hours of Se/Vit E ...
Sivridis Efthimios - - 2010
This is an unusual case of ischemic heart disease occurring in a young female athlete, aged 14 years, in whom almost the entire posterior wall of the left ventricle was affected. The patient collapsed and died suddenly after a vigorous physical activity while resting at home. The ischemic lesion was ...
Strimel William J - - 2010
Brugada syndrome, a recognized cause of sudden cardiac death, is due to a defect of cardiac sodium channels. Many pharmotherapeutic agents induce an electrocardiographic (ECG) pattern that can be confused with Brugada syndrome in patients who may not have the disease. A 22-year-old Hispanic female presented for emergency evaluation with ...
Foley Lesley M LM Pittsburgh NMR Center for Biomedical Research, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, - - 2010
The basic premise of neuroprotection in acute stroke is the presence of salvageable tissue, but the spatiotemporal volume profiles of the penumbra and infarction remain poorly defined in preclinical animal models of acute stroke used to evaluate therapies for clinical application. Our aim was to define these profiles using magnetic ...
Duband Sébastien - - 2011
Cardiac metastases are rare events encountered in pathological practice but with often dramatic fatal outcome. Among malignancies associated with cardiac involvement, we would like to draw the attention of clinicians about lingual squamous cell carcinoma by reporting a sudden cardiac death in a 57-year-old woman without prior symptom and considered ...
Banco B - - 2011
A case is reported of fatal cardiomyopathy in an 8-year-old female German Shepherd after standard chemotherapy with doxorubicin for splenic hemangiosarcoma. The main gross lesion was a moderate bilateral cardiac ventricular dilation with diffusely pale myocardium. Histological analysis revealed severe multifocal vacuolar degeneration of cardiomyocytes, myocytolysis, myofibril loss, myocardial fibrosis, ...
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