Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1782
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Sacher Frédéric - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Radiofrequency (RF) ablation of the cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) can be performed using different types of ablation catheter. Gold tip electrodes have the theoretical advantage of creating bigger lesions than standard platinum-iridium electrode. This prospective, randomized study compares the clinical efficacy of 8-mm gold tip catheter, externally irrigated and 8-mm ...
Zheng Liang-rong - - 2007
We reported a case of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome with atrial double potential in coronary sinus (CS) electrograms during paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia and ventricular pacing. The first component was low in frequency, and its timing was the same as atrial potential recorded by ablation catheter above the mitral annulus by transseptal approach; ...
Abdelwahab Amir - - 2007
Despite the relatively short history of catheter ablation, it has clearly demonstrated high efficacy and safety in treating a wide spectrum of cardiac arrhythmias. An important contributor to this success has been the rapid incorporation of evolving technologies that have changed the practice of electrophysiology remarkably. The introduction of irrigated ...
Tilz Roland R - - 2007
Idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (IVF) is responsible for a sizable part of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Furthermore, it has a high recurrence rate. Recent publications have shown that IVF is often caused by premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) arising from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) or the Purkinje system. Some cases ...
Ilkhanoff Leonard - - 2007
A 25-year-old male with an atrial tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy (TIC) presented to our institution with clinical heart failure, an ejection fraction of 10%, and a severely dilated left ventricle. He underwent successful ablation and had no recurrence of this arrhythmia. In this report, we document the acute and long-term follow-up (out ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2007
A 61-year-old woman with typical atrial flutter underwent an electrophysiologic study and radiofrequency catheter ablation. The electroanatomic mapping revealed two contiguous lines of distinct double potentials (DPs) extending anteriorly/posteriorly from the coronary sinus ostium to the inferior vena cava (IVC) border. A large part of the anterior line of the ...
Van Hare George F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation puts cardiac valves at risk of damage, and children are of particular concern. METHODS: A multicenter prospective study was performed to assess the results and risks associated with radiofrequency (RF) ablation in children. Patients were aged 0 to 16 years with supraventricular tachycardia due to accessory pathway ...
Malamis Angelo P - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Radio-frequency catheter ablation (RFCA) is an ever increasing modality for treating refractory atrial fibrillation. Radiologists should not only be able to interpret and convey anatomic variations of pulmonary veins and left atrium to referring electrophysiologists, but also should be aware of all the post-RFCA complications and their radiographic findings ...
Zamos David T - - 2007
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Computed tomographic angiography (CTA) requires the rapid injection of contrast media ideally through an 18-gauge intravenous line in the antecubital fossa. Patients with CVCs undergoing CTA, however, are typically injected at low rates for two reasons: the potential for catheter failure and because of the lack of ...
Collins Kathryn K - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: This is a multicenter retrospective study evaluating the immediate- and mid-term outcomes of cryoablation of accessory pathways in the coronary sinus in children or in patients with congenital heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-one patients (median age 13.0 years, range 2-40) from six institutions were included. The accessory pathways ...
Kanj Mohamed H - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We sought to test how catheter ablation using an open irrigation catheter (OIC) compares with standard catheters for pulmonary vein antrum isolation. BACKGROUND: Open irrigation catheters have the advantage of delivering greater power without increasing the temperature of the catheter tip, which enables deeper and wider lesions without the ...
Smith Grace - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to quantify fluoroscopy use in catheter ablation procedures using a three-dimensional mapping system as the primary source of catheter guidance. BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional mapping allows continuous visualization of the location of mapping and ablation catheter electrodes. It has been shown to decrease fluoroscopy times. ...
Suleiman Mahmoud - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation is assuming a larger role in the management of patients with cardiac arrhythmias. Conventional fluoroscopic catheter mapping has limited spatial resolution and involves prolonged fluoroscopy. The non-fluoroscopic electroanatomic mapping technique (CARTO) has been developed to overcome these drawbacks. OBJECTIVES: To report the early and late outcome in ...
Chee Cheng E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A 29-year-old woman presented with chest pressure, progressive dyspnea, fatigue, and swelling of her face, neck and upper extremities. Four days earlier, she had undergone a procedure for treatment of inappropriate sinus tachycardia, during which atrioventricular node ablation and implantation of a single-lead VVI pacemaker had been performed following ...
Azeem Syed S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Accurate placement of ventricular catheters decreases the incidence of proximal catheter failure. The use of a frameless, interactive neuronavigational system can optimize catheter placement. METHODS: Thirty-four ventricular catheters were placed using a Medtronic electromagnetic frameless neuronavigational system (Medtronic Navigation, Inc., Louisville, CO) during a 12-month period. The patients ranged ...
Markiewicz-Łoskot Grazyna - - 2007
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) is a complex arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy, characterized by a partial or total replacement of the right ventricular myocytes by fatty and fibrous tissue. In this study, we present a case of ARVD in 17 year old girl, who was admitted to the hospital after syncope with ...
Ray Indranill Basu - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the feasibility of using a remote magnetic catheter navigation system (MNS) in concert with an EAM system to perform detailed left ventricular scar mapping and ablation in a porcine model of healed myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND: Substrate-based catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) involves detailed electroanatomical mapping ...
Wu Ed X - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to investigate myocardial fiber pathway distribution in order to provide supplemental information on myocardial fiber architecture and cardiac mechanics. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) with medium diffusion resolution (15 directions) was performed on normal canine heart samples (N=6) fixed in formalin. With the use of ...
Lü Fei - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to investigate a practical alternative to His bundle pacing after atrioventricular (AV) junctional ablation by pacing a small area of isolated atrial tissue surrounding the AV node. BACKGROUND: His bundle pacing is preferred after AV junctional ablation in patients with refractory atrial fibrillation. However, it ...
Abrams Dominic J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The right atrium late after the Fontan procedure is characterized by multiple complex arrhythmia circuits. We performed simultaneous electroanatomic and noncontact mapping to assess the accuracy of both systems to identify scar and arrhythmia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mapping was performed in 26 patients aged 26.8+/-8.9 years, 18.7+/-4.4 years after ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2007
A 68-year-old woman with palpitations underwent electrophysiologic testing. During burst atrial pacing the PR interval exceeded the RR interval and induced a supraventricular tachycardia consistent with a typical AV nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). Radiofrequency ablation of the slow pathway during the tachycardia immediately produced 2 : 1 AV conduction. After ...
Bakir Ihsan - - 2007
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) is a major cause of ventricular tachycardia and cardiac arrest in young adults. The ideal management of this genetic disorder is individual. The treatment options are antiarrhythmic drug therapy, transcatheter radiofrequency catheter ablation, implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy, and surgical treatment [Kies P, Bootsma M, Bax ...
Raatikainen M J Pekka - - 2007
We describe a patient with frequent episodes of unusual paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. During the electrophysiological examination, the tachycardia was easily induced and terminated by atrial pacing. The earliest activation during right atrial activation mapping was located near the atrioventricular node and the His bundle. However, detailed mapping of the aortic ...
Takahashi Yoshihide - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the effects of stepwise catheter ablation of chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) on atrial electrical and mechanical properties. BACKGROUND: Although stepwise catheter ablation of chronic AF is associated with acute arrhythmia termination and a favorable clinical outcome, atrial tissue damage following the procedure has not ...
Maury P - - 2007
We report the case of a patient presenting with a previous inferior myocardial infarction complicated by incessant monomorphic ventricular tachycardia resistant to antiarrhythmic drugs. Because endocardial catheter ablation failed and because of focal endocardial activation arising from the left ventricular inferior wall, an epicardial location of the reentry circuit was ...
Thornton Andrew S - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: A novel magnetic navigation system allows remote guidance of floppy radiofrequency (RF) ablation catheters. We evaluated the feasibility of mapping and ablation of left-sided accessory pathways (APs) using the retrograde transaortic approach with this system. This might open the gate to retrograde ablation of left atrial arrhythmias. METHODS AND ...
van Zaane B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis of the ascending aorta (AA) and stroke after cardiac surgery are related. Knowledge of the location of AA-atherosclerosis pre-sternotomy allows changes in surgical strategy to avoid manipulation of the AA. The gold-standard for assessment of AA-atherosclerosis is intraoperative epiaortic ultrasound scanning (EUS). Transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) is unable to ...
Fichet Jérôme - - 2007
Isolated noncompaction of the left ventricle (INLV) is a rare congenital disorder associated with multiple cardiac arrhythmias. We report a case of INLV revealed by ventricular fibrillation in a patient with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. Because of the persistence of inducible ventricular arrhythmias after ablation of the accessory pathway, implantation of an ...
Tan Lin-Hua - - 2007
Neonates with congenital cardiac disease are a special population. They are often critically ill, and need prolonged intravenous access. To date, no study has evaluated the efficacy and safety of peripherally inserted central venous catheters placed in this unique population. Our goal was to evaluate the use of such catheters ...
Posan Emoke - - 2007
AIMS: The architecture of the cavotricuspid isthmus has been shown to be highly variable made of a large number of interspersed bundles in the majority. Targeting high-amplitude signals has resulted in short-ablation times, likely due to the selective ablation of such bundles. We report a series of cases where a ...
Otomo Kiyoshi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The retrograde fast pathway in typical atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) exhibits marked variation in its electrophysiologic properties. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the retrograde fast pathway and localize the lower turnaround site of the reentrant circuit in typical AVNRT. METHODS: Seventy-four patients with typical ...
Guo Hangyuan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) is the curative treatment of choice for many cardiac arrhythmias and may cause myocardial injury and inappropriate sinus tachycardia. This study aimed to determine the delayed injury of autonomic nerve after RFCA. METHODS: Spectral analysis of heart rate variation on 24-hour Holter electrocardiogram recordings was ...
Hillock R J - - 2007
Monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (MVT) is well described in patients who have had a ventricular scar due to repair of congenital heart disease. A 54-year-old woman presented with MVT 20 years after WPW surgery for a left-sided accessory pathway. The circuit was mapped to an area at the base of the ...
Arruda Mauricio S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Electrical isolation of pulmonary veins (PV) by radiofrequency (RF) ablation is often performed in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Current catheter technology usually requires the use of a multielectrode catheter for mapping in addition to the ablation catheter. PURPOSE: We evaluated the feasibility and safety of using a single, ...
Sherzer Alex I - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Atrial-esophageal fistula formation is a dreaded complication of radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. Esophageal localization is of potential value in avoiding lesion placement where the left atrium is juxtaposed to the esophagus. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients underwent 33 pulmonary vein encirclement procedures. All the patients received general ...
Whitwam Wayne - - 2007
Idiopathic right ventricular tachycardia typically originates from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). However, it also may originate from above the pulmonic valve. We describe a patient with a 2-year history of symptoms of palpitations associated with premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) in whom radiofrequency catheter ablation at the PVC exit ...
Neuzil Petr - - 2007
Delayed enhancement magnetic resonance imaging is known for its ability to identify scarred myocardial tissue. This case report describes the use of MR imaging to define the location and transmural extent of infarcted tissue in a 45-year-old woman with an anomalous right coronary artery and hemodynamically unstable ventricular tachycardia. By ...
Upchurch Kristen - - 2007
OBJECT: Patients with symptomatic isolated fourth ventricle and multicompartmentalized hydrocephalus benefit from operative treatment, but the optimal surgical approach and technique have yet to be established. The authors report on their experience with the treatment of symptomatic adult patients by endoscope-assisted placement of a fourth ventricle shunt catheter via a ...
Chinushi Masaomi - - 2007
Ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTA), a major cause of sudden cardiac death, require meticulous management in order to prevent recurrent episodes. Recently, non-pharmacological interventions, including radiofrequency catheter ablation and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD), have become important treatments of VTA. Catheter ablation is curative in a relatively high percentage of patients presenting with ...
Friedman Paul A - - 2007
Ventricular tachycardia (VT) in the setting of structural heart disease is challenging to treat with percutaneous catheter ablation due to the presence of complex substrate, multiple morphologies, hemodynamic instability, and epicardial circuits. When substrate-based approaches fail, however, it may be impossible to map and ablate hemodynamically unstable arrhythmias. We describe ...
Suematsu Yoshihiro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the feasibility and accuracy of live 3-dimensional (3D) epicardial echocardiography (echo) to guide the insertion of a retrograde cardioplegic catheter into the coronary sinus. METHODS: A real-time 3D echo system with a x4 matrix transducer was used. Live 3D echo-guided catheter insertion was compared with blind insertion. ...
Ren Jing - - 2007
Current open-heart procedures requiring the use of a medial sternotomy and a heart-lung machine can potentially be performed by entering the heart through the cardiac wall. A new procedure in cardiac surgery involves introducing an ablation tool through the appendage of the left atrium. This method, intended for the treatment ...
Lavee Jacob - - 2007
BACKGROUND: All currently used energy sources in surgical ablation for atrial fibrillation create lesions via thermal injury. We report for the first time the in vivo results of a new nonthermal modality of epicardial atrial ablation called irreversible electroporation (IRE). IRE utilizes a sequence of electrical pulses that produce permanent ...
Ciszewski Michał - - 2007
This letter includes a case study, which shows the safety and efficacy of the intended use of Judkins guiding catheter for aspiration of excessive thrombus from the infarct-related vein graft, which is however made off-label. Guiding catheter thrombectomy offers optimal facilitation of primary angioplasty without device-related delay in time-to-treatment. Consistently, ...
Otomo Kiyoshi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The precise electrophysiological characteristics and essential effects of left-sided ablation in atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) with eccentric coronary sinus (CS) activation (ECSA) have not been described. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the tachycardia characteristics and essential effects of left-sided ablation in AVNRT with ECSA. ...
Li Yi-gang - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Atrial tachycardia or flutter is common in patients after orthotopic heart transplantation. Radiofrequency catheter ablation to treat this arrhythmia has not been well defined in this setting. This study was conducted to assess the incidence of various symptomatic atrial arrhythmias and the efficacy and safety of radiofrequency catheter ablation ...
Warpechowski Paulo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is probably the most common form of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. Percutaneous catheter ablation is a technique to interrupt cardiac conduction pathways selectively. The anesthetist is challenged to provide a safe anesthetic which takes into account the electrophysiologist's requirements for minimal cardiac conduction interference. Propofol ...
Lever Harry M - - 2006
This brief review summarizes how patients are selected for myectomy or alcohol septal ablation and what the most results for both are. The most recent literature is reviewed for both septal myectomy and alcohol ablation. The mechanisms for obstruction and mitral regurgitation as well as the indications for both procedures ...
Lee Kun-Tai - - 2007
Successful catheter ablation of idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia (ILVT) can be performed at the site of the earliest Purkinje potential or at the site with recording of diastolic and presystolic Purkinje potentials simultaneously during ventricular tachycardia (VT). However, these critical potentials might be difficult to be recorded and mapped in ...
Huang He - - 2006
We report a patient with atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVRT) with bidirectional conduction over an anteroseptal accessory pathway (AP) who underwent successful ablation in the non-coronary aortic sinus (AS). In three previous attempts, the intracardiac recordings showed an anteroseptal AP with antegrade and retrograde conduction that failed to be ablated in ...
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