Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1767
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Reddy Vivek Y - - 2007
For patients who have a ventricular tachyarrhythmic event, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) are a mainstay of therapy to prevent sudden death. However, ICD shocks are painful, can result in clinical depression, and do not offer complete protection against death from arrhythmia. We designed this randomized trial to examine whether prophylactic radiofrequency ...
Weber Reinhold - - 2008
BACKGROUND: More extensive ablation strategies for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) have increased success rates but are associated with new and sometimes serious complications. We describe a new complication after extensive radiofrequency (RF) ablation in the left atrium (LA) for persistent AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Electroanatomic guided circumferential ablation ...
Rao Liyun - - 2008
Multiple imaging modalities are employed independent of one another while managing complex cardiac arrhythmias. To combine electrical, anatomical, and functional imaging in a single catheter system, we developed a balloon catheter that carried 64 electrodes on its surface and an intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) catheter through a central lumen. The catheter ...
Ad Niv - - 2007
Atrial fibrillation (AF) may be associated with significant morbidity and mortality, which are directly related to its detrimental sequelae: significant symptoms, tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy, and systemic thromboembolism. In recent years, symptomatic patients are being referred to have either catheter-based ablation or surgical ablation. In this report, the history, results, and predictors ...
Kaseno Kenichi - - 2007
A patient underwent radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation for a drug-refractory ventricular tachycardia, but RF energy application at an endocardial site of the left ventricular outflow tract and at the left sinus of Valsalva could not eliminate the tachycardia. The earliest ventricular activation during the arrhythmia, which preceded the onset of ...
Garcia F C - - 2007
Ablation is an important management tool for the treatment of ventricular arrhythmias. Even at experienced centers ventricular tachycardia ablation carries a minor but significant risk for potential complications, including vascular and thromboembolic complications, air embolism, volume overload and the precipitation of congestive heart failure, cardiac tamponade from catheter perforation or ...
Whitehead William E - - 2007
The authors present a technique in which real-time ultrasound monitoring is used to aid the insertion of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt ventricular catheters in children without patent fontanelles. Experience with the technique is reviewed. Intraoperative ultrasound is used to identify the compartments of the lateral ventricles and the choroid plexus ...
Li Xiao Kui - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We have developed an integrated high-resolution intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) catheter for electrophysiology (EP) testing, which can be coregistered in 3-dimensional space with EP testing and ablation catheters using electrofield sensing. METHODS: Twelve open-chest pigs (34-55 kg) and 3 closed-chest pigs were studied. After introduction from the jugular or femoral ...
Bhavani Sekar Sangameswaran - - 2007
Ventricular tachycardia (VT) is most often treated with antiarrhythmic drug therapy. When standard drugs fail, percutaneous, endocardial ablation guided by electroanatomic mapping is usually curative. Occasionally, these options are either unsuccessful or are not feasible, and surgical ablation is required. Surgical ablation of VT employs electroanatomic mapping and a variety ...
Gillinov A Marc - - 2007
Surgical ablation of atrial fibrillation has gained widespread acceptance, particularly in patients having concomitant cardiac surgery. Today, surgeons can choose from a variety of ablation technologies to facilitate operations intended to treat atrial fibrillation. Evidence suggests that virtually all of the available energy sources are effective at creating lines of ...
Voss Frederik - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Once chamber geometry is determined, the EnSite 3000 noncontact mapping system can create a voltage map during a single cardiac cycle. The EnSite uses an inverse solution to the Laplace equation to process the amplified far-field signals from the noncontact catheter. This process creates a three-dimensional endocardial potential map ...
Strohmer Bernhard - - 2007
The authors describe a 22-year-old woman with regular and irregular arrhythmias exhibiting left bundle branch block (LBBB) morphology at various heart rates. An atriofascicular fiber was diagnosed as the underlying mechanism for the antidromic reciprocating tachycardia. In addition, spontaneous automaticity of the Mahaim fiber was present during electrophysiologic study. The ...
Bauernfeind T - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to test the maximum voltage-guided cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) ablation technique during ongoing atrial flutter. BACKGROUND: Former pathological and electrophysiological studies clarified that the cavotricuspid isthmus is composed of distinct muscular bundles, which are responsible for the conduction of electrical activation. Based on this observation, a maximum voltage-guided ...
Kautzner J - - 2007
Intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) broadens the spectrum of echocardiographic techniques. Modern 10F sector echocardiographic catheters introduced into the right atrium allow high quality imaging of all cardiac structures, including pulse and continuous wave Doppler and/or color Doppler. The main indication for ICE appears to be monitoring of catheter ablation of complex ...
Lamberti Filippo - - 2007
Monomorphic premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) are a benign phenomenon in patients without structural heart disease. The focal source is usually localised in the right ventricular outflow tract and more rarely in the left ventricular outflow tract. We report two cases of frequent isolated PVCs treated with radiofrequency catheter ablation. Ventricular ...
Papagiannis John - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Atrial tachycardias are a common problem following the surgical repair of complex congenital heart defects (CHD) and have a poor response to medication. The aim of this study was to describe the results of the treatment of such tachycardias with radiofrequency ablation in our hospital. METHODS: A retrospective study ...
Cho Yun-Hyeong - - 2007
Entrapment of a guidewire is a rare event, but it could happen especially in severe calcified stenotic lesion. This complication is life-threatening because it can lead to myocardial ischemia, infarction, or lethal arrhythmia due to intracoronary thrombosis. In the event of failed retrieval and persistent signs of ischemia, patients should ...
Broadhurst Paul - - 2007
We report a case of supraventricular tachycardia associated with left bundle branch block due to a slowly conducting right sided accessory pathway. Preexcitation of the ventricles could not be demonstrated during sinus rhythm or incremental atrial pacing but its presence was confirmed during antedromic tachycardia with critically timed atrial extrastimuli. ...
Di Biase Luigi - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: We report the case of a 49-year-old male patient with recurrent palpitations and two different supraventricular reciprocating tachycardias due to atrioventricular (AV) nodal reentry and orthodromic AV reentry sustained by a left-sided, concealed AV accessory pathway (AP). METHODS AND RESULTS: During the baseline electrophysiological study, dual AV nodal conduction ...
Andrew Peter - - 2007
Atrial flutter (AFl), a re-entrant atrial tachycardia, is a cardiac rhythm disturbance that arises in the upper chambers of the heart. This usually non-life-threatening condition can be treated by a number of medical intervention strategies, which include electrical cardioversion, pharmacological therapy, and catheter ablation. These options have been available in ...
Stan H - - 2007
The authors present the management of non-obstructive hydrocephalus using two surgical procedures, both at the same time: first, we perform an endoscopic third ventriculostomy and second, we place the ventricular catheter of the ventriculo-peritoneal shunt in the prepontine cistern under endoscopic guidance. The main rationale is the fact that the ...
Vijayaraman Pugazhendhi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is a common form of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). Rarely, patients may present with an unusual form of atrioventricular nodal reentrant arrhythmia (AVNRA) with a cycle length greater than 600 ms. We describe the clinical presentation, electrophysiology characteristics, and response to radiofrequency ablation in a ...
Quinn F Russell - - 2008
True nodoventricular (NV) accessory connections, as originally described by Mahaim, are rare entities, with the majority of previously reported cases now recognized as being due to decremental atriofascicular pathways. Here, we present a patient with incessant narrow and wide QRS complex tachycardia occurring in the setting of prior complete heart ...
Ito Sachiko - - 2008
We report a case of a patient with idiopathic right ventricular tachycardia who underwent radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation. Shortly after the delivery of the RF energy, a nonsustained VT cluster occurred, and eventually resulted in VF, requiring cessation of the RF delivery and a 200 J transthoracic external cardioversion delivery.
Orme R M L'E - - 2007
We present a case of fatal cardiac tamponade that occurred in association with a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) inserted from the right antecubital fossa. Migration of the catheter from the right atrium within 24 h of insertion lead to the administration of a potassium-enriched sodium chloride solution into the ...
Zoppo Franco - - 2007
We present a case of a patient treated with catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation aiming to pulmonary veins isolation. During ablation, atrial fibrillation organized into a left atrial flutter. Electroanatomic and electrophysiologic mapping revealed the anterior left atrium area between the mitral annulus and left atrium septum as a critical ...
Lim Kang-Teng - - 2007
The seminal observation that ectopics from the pulmonary veins may initiate paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) heralded an era of potentially curative catheter ablation therapy for AF. In recent years, catheter ablation has been performed for not only paroxysmal but also persistent and permanent AF. It is anticipated that the number ...
Clementy Nicolas - - 2007
Nonreentrant atrioventricular (AV) nodal tachycardia is a rare form of arrhythmia due to simultaneous anterograde conduction in dual AV pathways, one atrial impulse triggering two ventricular complexes. We report the case of a 74-year-old man referred for incessant palpitations resistant to antiarrhythmic medication, and effort dyspnea. A nonreentrant AV nodal ...
Kistler Peter M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pharmacological management of arrhythmias is not curative, is sometimes difficult, and may be associated with significant morbidity. OBJECTIVE: This article discusses the place of catheter ablation in the treatment of arrhythmias. DISCUSSION: Supraventricular and typical atrial flutter can be cured with catheter ablation in approximately 95% of cases with ...
Oswald Hanno - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Markers of myocardial injury and inflammation have been shown to be elevated following radiofrequency (RF) ablation. This study aimed to compare RF ablation and cryoablation for their impact on markers for myocardial injury and inflammation. METHODS: Nineteen patients received catheter ablation for atrial flutter by either cryoablation (10 patients) ...
Otsuka Ryo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) produces immediate focal lesions without direct tissue contact. Previously, we reported the HIFU potential for cardiac ablation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possibility of myocardial ablation in the left ventricle of beating dog hearts with monitoring by 2-dimensional echocardiography. METHODS: The ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The left atrial appendage (LAA) is one of the major sources of focal atrial tachycardias (ATs). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the detailed electrophysiologic characteristics and catheter ablation of focal ATs originating from the LAA. METHODS: The study population consisted of 47 consecutive patients with ...
D'Avila Andre - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Substrate mapping using a magnetic electroanatomical mapping system (MEAM) has been shown to accurately delineate the location/extent of scarred myocardium. This study examined the ability of a sonomicrometry-based electroanatomic mapping system (SEAM) to render endocardial and epicardial substrate maps of infarcted ventricular myocardium. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 7 swine ...
Santamaria Matteo - - 2007
Idiopathic left ventricular aneurysm and diverticulum is known to be an arrhythmogenic substrate associated to ventricular tachyarrhythmias, generally based on a reentry mechanism. A case of a young woman affected by a monomorphic ventricular tachycardia, refractory to medical treatment, originating from an aneurysm of the membranous interventricular septum is reported. ...
Dhruvakumar S - - 2007
Atrial fibrillation is the most common clinical arrhythmia, affecting millions of people worldwide and utilizing billions of dollars annually in heath care costs associated with the disease. Catheter based ablation, centering around the electrical isolation of the pulmonary veins, has emerged as a viable treatment option for patients with symptomatic ...
Sacher Frédéric - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Radiofrequency (RF) ablation of the cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) can be performed using different types of ablation catheter. Gold tip electrodes have the theoretical advantage of creating bigger lesions than standard platinum-iridium electrode. This prospective, randomized study compares the clinical efficacy of 8-mm gold tip catheter, externally irrigated and 8-mm ...
Zheng Liang-rong - - 2007
We reported a case of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome with atrial double potential in coronary sinus (CS) electrograms during paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia and ventricular pacing. The first component was low in frequency, and its timing was the same as atrial potential recorded by ablation catheter above the mitral annulus by transseptal approach; ...
Abdelwahab Amir - - 2007
Despite the relatively short history of catheter ablation, it has clearly demonstrated high efficacy and safety in treating a wide spectrum of cardiac arrhythmias. An important contributor to this success has been the rapid incorporation of evolving technologies that have changed the practice of electrophysiology remarkably. The introduction of irrigated ...
Tilz Roland R - - 2007
Idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (IVF) is responsible for a sizable part of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Furthermore, it has a high recurrence rate. Recent publications have shown that IVF is often caused by premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) arising from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) or the Purkinje system. Some cases ...
Ilkhanoff Leonard - - 2007
A 25-year-old male with an atrial tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy (TIC) presented to our institution with clinical heart failure, an ejection fraction of 10%, and a severely dilated left ventricle. He underwent successful ablation and had no recurrence of this arrhythmia. In this report, we document the acute and long-term follow-up (out ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2007
A 61-year-old woman with typical atrial flutter underwent an electrophysiologic study and radiofrequency catheter ablation. The electroanatomic mapping revealed two contiguous lines of distinct double potentials (DPs) extending anteriorly/posteriorly from the coronary sinus ostium to the inferior vena cava (IVC) border. A large part of the anterior line of the ...
Van Hare George F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation puts cardiac valves at risk of damage, and children are of particular concern. METHODS: A multicenter prospective study was performed to assess the results and risks associated with radiofrequency (RF) ablation in children. Patients were aged 0 to 16 years with supraventricular tachycardia due to accessory pathway ...
Malamis Angelo P - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Radio-frequency catheter ablation (RFCA) is an ever increasing modality for treating refractory atrial fibrillation. Radiologists should not only be able to interpret and convey anatomic variations of pulmonary veins and left atrium to referring electrophysiologists, but also should be aware of all the post-RFCA complications and their radiographic findings ...
Zamos David T - - 2007
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Computed tomographic angiography (CTA) requires the rapid injection of contrast media ideally through an 18-gauge intravenous line in the antecubital fossa. Patients with CVCs undergoing CTA, however, are typically injected at low rates for two reasons: the potential for catheter failure and because of the lack of ...
Collins Kathryn K - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: This is a multicenter retrospective study evaluating the immediate- and mid-term outcomes of cryoablation of accessory pathways in the coronary sinus in children or in patients with congenital heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-one patients (median age 13.0 years, range 2-40) from six institutions were included. The accessory pathways ...
Kanj Mohamed H - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We sought to test how catheter ablation using an open irrigation catheter (OIC) compares with standard catheters for pulmonary vein antrum isolation. BACKGROUND: Open irrigation catheters have the advantage of delivering greater power without increasing the temperature of the catheter tip, which enables deeper and wider lesions without the ...
Smith Grace - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to quantify fluoroscopy use in catheter ablation procedures using a three-dimensional mapping system as the primary source of catheter guidance. BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional mapping allows continuous visualization of the location of mapping and ablation catheter electrodes. It has been shown to decrease fluoroscopy times. ...
Suleiman Mahmoud - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation is assuming a larger role in the management of patients with cardiac arrhythmias. Conventional fluoroscopic catheter mapping has limited spatial resolution and involves prolonged fluoroscopy. The non-fluoroscopic electroanatomic mapping technique (CARTO) has been developed to overcome these drawbacks. OBJECTIVES: To report the early and late outcome in ...
Chee Cheng E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A 29-year-old woman presented with chest pressure, progressive dyspnea, fatigue, and swelling of her face, neck and upper extremities. Four days earlier, she had undergone a procedure for treatment of inappropriate sinus tachycardia, during which atrioventricular node ablation and implantation of a single-lead VVI pacemaker had been performed following ...
Azeem Syed S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Accurate placement of ventricular catheters decreases the incidence of proximal catheter failure. The use of a frameless, interactive neuronavigational system can optimize catheter placement. METHODS: Thirty-four ventricular catheters were placed using a Medtronic electromagnetic frameless neuronavigational system (Medtronic Navigation, Inc., Louisville, CO) during a 12-month period. The patients ranged ...
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