Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1767
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Tubbs R Shane - - 2009
OBJECT: Emergency access to the ventricular system is sometimes necessary for the treatment of raised intracranial pressure with ensuing herniation. One procedure described in the literature is a transorbital approach performed using a spinal needle. Because past publications have been case reports with minimal definition of external landmarks, the present ...
Piorkowski Christopher - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In this study, a new method of contact assessment based on the measurement of the local electrical properties at the catheter tip-to-tissue interface was validated in a blinded fashion in vivo in the human left atrium. METHODS: Using a 3-terminal circuit model, local resistance and reactance between catheter tip ...
Ferguson John D JD Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA. - - 2009
Catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation is currently guided by x-ray fluoroscopy. The associated radiation risk to patients and medical staff may be significant. We report an atrial fibrillation ablation technique using intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) and electroanatomic mapping without fluoroscopy. Twenty-one patients with atrial fibrillation (age, 42 to 73 years; 14 ...
McCready James W - - 2010
We report a case of an iatrogenic atrial septal defect following left atrial ablation for persistent atrial fibrillation in a patient with a Fontan circulation. Transseptal puncture was performed with two sheaths across a single puncture and left atrial ablation undertaken. Post procedure the patient became cyanosed with right to ...
Shapira Adam R - - 2009
Supraventricular arrhythmias are relatively common, often persistent, and rarely life-threatening cardiac rhythm disturbances that arise from the sinus node, atrial tissue, or junctional sites between the atria and ventricles. The term "supraventricular arrhythmia" most often is used to refer to supraventricular tachycardias and atrial flutter. The term "supraventricular tachycardia" commonly ...
Steven Daniel - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation procedures for atrial fibrillation (AF) often involve circumferential antral isolation of pulmonary veins (PV). Inability to reliably identify conduction gaps on the ablation line necessitates placing additional lesions within the intended lesion set. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study investigated the relationship between loss of pace capture directly along ...
Toutouzas Konstantinos - - 2011
Alcohol septal ablation is an emerging technique for the reduction of the subaortic gradient in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. The selection of the branch to be ablated is not always obvious, however, and the use of Myocardial Contrast Echocardiography assists in the proper localization of the perfusion area of each branch. ...
Habib Ammar - - 2009
Cardiac electrophysiologists' use of the coronary sinus (CS) to map and ablate accessory pathways and implant left ventricular leads has emphasized the need for understanding CS anatomy. In this review, we briefly examine the developmental and radiological anatomy of the CS and discuss in detail the gross anatomy of this ...
Doppalapudi Harish - - 2009
Complications are inherent to any invasive procedure. The list of complications associated with catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation has steadily increased with the increase in complexity and the number of procedures performed over the years. This review focuses on strategies for prevention, and techniques for rapid detection and management of ...
Crawford Thomas - - 2009
Catheter ablation has evolved as an effective treatment modality in patients with AF. In this review, the rationale and outcomes of ablation strategies targeting various mechanisms of AF based on our current understanding are discussed. Likely mechanisms responsible for the therapeutic effects of these approaches are reviewed.
Tai Ching-Tai - - 2009
The cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) had a complex architecture with an anisotropic conduction property. An incremental pacing from the low right atrial isthmus produced a conduction delay and block, and initiated atrial flutter. Radiofrequency catheter ablation of the CTI was very effective in eliminating the typical atrial flutter. However, atrial fibrillation ...
Sorgente Antonio - - 2010
A 55-year-old man with a 2-year history of recurrent paroxysmal palpitations and with an electrocardiogram documentation of atypical atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia (AVNRT) was referred to us for catheter ablation. After an initial ablation attempt, several episodes of atypical AVNRT were induced. During one of these episodes, we documented a ...
Abouezzeddine Omar - - 2010
Radiofrequency (RF) ablation for ventricular tachycardia (VT) has high failure rates. Whether endocavitary structures (ECS) such as the papillary muscles (PMs), moderator bands (MBs), or false tendons (FTs) impact VT ablation is unknown. We retrospectively reviewed records of 190 consecutive patients presenting for VT ablation and identified 46 (24%) where ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) may be amenable to catheter ablation within or adjacent to the left sinus of Valsalva (LSOV). However, features that discriminate these sites have not been defined. The purpose of this study was to determine the electrocardiographic and electrophysiological features of VAs originating within or adjacent ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2009
A 68-year-old man with symptomatic idiopathic premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) underwent electrophysiological testing. Radiofrequency catheter ablation was unsuccessful at the earliest endocardial ventricular activation site in the left coronary cusp. Epicardial mapping via the cardiac veins was then performed. Balloon-occluded coronary sinus venography revealed the small branches of the anterior ...
Yamashina Yoshihiro - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The precise incidence and characteristics of ventricular arrhythmias originating from the pulmonary artery have not been fully described. The purpose of this prospective study was to clarify these points. METHODS: Thirty-three consecutive patients with an idiopathic left bundle branch block and inferior-axis deviation type ventricular arrhythmia were included. All ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) can originate from the left ventricular (LV) papillary muscles (PAMs). This study investigated the prevalence, electrocardiographic and electrophysiological characteristics, and results of catheter ablation of these VAs, and compared them with other LV VAs. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 71 patients with VAs originating from ...
Linton Nick W F - - 2009
Mapping of regular cardiac arrhythmias is frequently performed using sequential point-by-point annotation of local activation relative to a fixed timing reference. Assigning a single activation for each electrogram is unreliable for fragmented, continuous, or double potentials. Furthermore, these informative electrogram characteristics are lost when only a single timing point is ...
Bala Rupa - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Endpoints confirming block in the critical isthmus in sinus rhythm and with pace mapping have not been established. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 44-year-old man with a history of Tetralogy of Fallot presented with recurrent ventricular tachycardia (VT). Entrainment mapping was consistent with a macroreentrant circuit rotating in a clockwise ...
Zhang Fengxiang - - 2009
AIMS: Several electrocardiographic (ECG) algorithms have been developed to identify the site of origin of ventricular premature contractions (VPCs) from right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) based on pacemapping; however, their accuracy remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated the accuracy of these algorithms in 52 consecutive patients (31 female, mean ...
Nordbeck Peter - - 2009
Myocardial scars from heart surgery are a source of tachycardia, eventually causing late morbidity and sudden death. In general, catheter ablation has been shown to be an effective therapy for various rhythm disorders, but it has been rarely described after atrioventricular valve replacement. We report on a 45-year-old man who ...
Jang Sung-Won - - 2009
Posteroseptal accessory pathways are often associated with coronary sinus diverticula. These diverticula contain myocardial coats which serve as a bypass tract. We report a 54-year-old woman who underwent radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation for Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. The surface electrocardiography (ECG) demonstrated pre-excitation, indicating a posteroseptal accessory pathway. A catheter ablation ...
Hosaka Yukio - - 2009
Ventricular fibrillation associated with coronary vasospasm developed 8 h after successful radiofrequency (RF) ablation of the right accessory pathway in an 81-year-old male. A segment of the coronary vasospasm was located close to the accessory pathway, where seven RF ablations had been applied. Although rare, physicians should carefully consider the ...
Forleo Giovanni B - - 2011
Atrial tachycardias are relatively common in patients with congenital heart disease. However, complex anomalies involving the heart and the great vessels might compromise the results of the ablation procedure. This report describes a clinical application of the new Cartosound™ module as an adjunctive technology to understand the mechanism of the ...
Takatsuki Seiji - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The coronary sinus (CS) including the great cardiac vein is an important anatomic structure that is considered a landmark for the mitral annulus (MA) and also a target for catheter ablation. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the anatomical relationship between the CS and its surrounding structures visualized by multi-detector computed ...
Sarrazin Jean-Francois - - 2009
Frequent idiopathic premature ventricular complexes (PVC) are associated with a reversible form of cardiomyopathy. The effect of frequent PVCs on left ventricular function has not been evaluated in post-infarction patients. This study sought to evaluate the value of post-infarction PVC ablation and possible determinants of a reversible cardiomyopathy. Thirty consecutive ...
Rillig Andreas - - 2009
Whenever common ablation strategies for treatment of cardiac arrhythmias fail, the search for alternative concepts becomes essential. Since it has been proven that the sinus of Valsalva (soV) is situated in close proximity to small regions of the myocardium, difficult to access via endocardial ablation, catheter ablation within the soV ...
Di Biase Luigi - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Remote magnetic navigation (RMN) has been reported as an effective and safe tool to overcome the need for advanced operator skill in the treatment of complex arrhythmias. We report a series of patients undergoing radiofrequency catheter ablation of ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) using RMN with either a 4-mm catheter tip ...
Di Biase Luigi - - 2010
Uncommon sites of ablation for arrhythmias can be the cause of failed ablations. This series includes 4 cases requiring ablation at the tip of the left atrial appendage after both endocardial and epicardial mapping and ablation failed.
De Filippo Paolo - - 2009
Atrial tachyarhthmias complicating Fontan correction may have a 'malignant' clinical presentation seriously impairing the patient haemodynamic. Current strategies are surgical total cavopulmonary connection with or without antiarrhythmic surgery or transcatheter ablation. We describe the case of a patient who previously underwent atriocaval Fontan correction and later presented with refractory atrial ...
Habib Ammar - - 2010
Calcified amorphous tumors (CAT) of the heart are rare primary cardiac tumors characterized by heavy myocardial and valve apparatus calcification. The relationship of the entity with ventricular arrhythmia, if any, is unknown. We describe a case of cardiac CAT in a 58-year-old woman with prior cardiac arrest and recurrent ventricular ...
Valderrábano Miguel - - 2009
The vein of Marshall (VOM) is a left atrial (LA) vein that contains autonomic innervation and triggers of AF. Its location coincides with areas usually ablated during pulmonary vein (PV) antral isolation (PVAI). This study sought to delineate the safety and ablative effects of ethanol infusion in the VOM during ...
Rausch Peter - - 2009
Catheter ablation of left ventricular outflow tract tachycardia (LVOTT) holds the risk of complications, if foci are located close to the coronary artery orifices. The use of an accurate three-dimensional electro-anatomic approach is necessary to avoid ablation in the coronaries. We report a case in which we demonstrate the value ...
Liang Jin-Jun - - 2009
Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) has been increasingly used for the treatment of various kinds of cardiac arrhythmias over the past 20 years. RFCA of symptomatic premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) has been reported to be a safe and effective treatment option and may be considered in patients with extremely symptomatic or ...
Nakamura Hirofumi - - 2009
Radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation is widely applied to tachyarrhythmia associated not only with structurally normal hearts but also with relatively mild cardiac anomalies. We present a case of 35 year-old female complaining of exercise-induced frequent palpitations caused by atrial tachycardia (AT) originating from giant coronary sinus (CS) connected to persistent ...
Reddy Vivek Y - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Electric isolation of the pulmonary veins (PVs) can successfully treat patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. However, it remains technically challenging to identify the left atrial-PV junction and sequentially position the ablation catheter in a point-by-point contiguous fashion to isolate the PVs. In this study, a novel endoscopic ablation system ...
Yamashina Yoshihiro - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There are few studies evaluating the distribution of successful ablation sites of idiopathic right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) arrhythmias using a three-dimensional electroanatomical mapping system. This study aims to clarify the favorite site of idiopathic RVOT arrhythmias through electroanatomical voltage mapping using the CARTO system (Biosense Webster, Diamond Bar, ...
Tabatabaei Niloufar - - 2009
Supravalvar ablation has now been well documented to be the ideal mode for ablating specific forms of ventricular tachycardia, atrial tachycardia, and accessory pathways. A studied appreciation of the anatomy of the supravalvar region is a prerequisite for electrophysiologists to safely and effectively approach these arrhythmias. In addition, the consistent ...
Schwagten B K R - - 2009
Monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) and symptomatic monomorphic PVCs originating from the region of the right and left outflow tracts are increasingly treated by radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation. Technical difficulties in catheter manipulation to access these outflow tract areas, very accurate mapping and reliable catheter stability are key issues for a ...
Nakahara Shiro - - 2010
This case concerns a 57-year-old woman with an organized left atrial tachycardia (AT) after pulmonary vein (PV) isolation. The left inferior PV (LIPV) exhibited a figure of eight tachycardia around the LIPV ostium with one loop at the anterior aspect and another at the posterior aspect, which corresponded to regular ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2009
A 74-year-old man with symptomatic premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) with a right bundle branch block and right inferior axis QRS morphology underwent electrophysiologic testing. During the PVCs, coronary sinus mapping revealed ventricular prepotentials with the earliest activation in the distal great cardiac vein (GCV) where the local ventricular electrograms were ...
Saltman Adam E - - 2009
Atrial fibrillation is a pervasive and difficult heart rhythm problem for more than 3 million Americans. Patients are plagued by myriad symptoms and are exposed to the risk of stroke. Attempts to restore normal rhythm with drug therapy have been largely unsuccessful and the complications associated with long-term anticoagulation to ...
Saravanan Palaniappan - - 2009
There is increasing recognition that migraine with aura may be associated with intra-cardiac shunting because of a patent foramen ovale. Radio-frequency ablation to treat cardiac arrhythmias is an increasingly popular means of treating cardiac arrhythmias. Trans-septal puncture is routinely performed to gain access to the left atrium in order to ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2009
A 73-year-old man with idiopathic premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) underwent electrophysiological testing. Left ventricular activation mapping revealed a focal mechanism of the PVCs with the earliest activation on the anterior papillary muscle (APM). Irrigated radiofrequency (RF) current delivered at that site induced a cluster of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia episodes with ...
Suh William M - - 2009
Sudden cardiac death from ventricular fibrillation (VF) typically occurs in patients with structural heart disease, but in 5 to 10 percent VF is "idiopathic," occurring in normal hearts. Recently, there has been the description and growing recognition of patients with VF that has a focal origin, the common sites being ...
Cabrera José Angel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Electrophysiological studies in patients with atrial fibrillation demonstrated the presence of electrical conduction between superior and inferior left pulmonary veins (PVs) that makes electrical disconnection of individual PVs difficult. Anatomically, the prevalence, sizes, and locations of the interpulmonary connections have not been investigated systematically. METHODS: We retrieved 112 PVs ...
Latcu Decebal G - - 2009
Magnetic navigation system (MNS) (Niobe, Stereotaxis, Saint-Louis, Missouri, USA) allows remote control of a radiofrequency ablation catheter using a steerable magnetic field and a catheter advancement system. We report our initial experience of ablation of human arrhythmias using the MNS. Eighty-four patients (mean age 54+/-17years; 39 women) had an electrophysiologic ...
Maury Philippe - - 2009
We report the case of a patient presenting with incessant monomorphic ventricular tachycardia resistant to antiarrhythmic drugs, and in whom usual percutaneous vascular or pericardial access to the left ventricle was hindered by mechanical aortic and mitral prosthetic valves. Because an epicardial location was suspected by electrocardiogram features and because ...
Hiramatsu Shigeki - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Some supraventricular tachycardias could be ablated from the non-coronary sinus of Valsalva (NSV). However, the characteristics of the NSV electrograms have not been clarified. METHODS AND RESULTS: A quantitative analysis of the NSV electrograms was performed in 5 patients with tachycardias arising from near the atrioventricular node (AVN) and ...
Kurek Christian - - 2009
Catheter ablation is an established treatment modality for patients with drug refractory atrial fibrillation (AF). This procedure carries a 6% major complication rate including cardiac tamponade due to cardiac perforation. We report on a patient with clinical signs of cardiac tamponade due to a diffuse intramural left atrial haematoma obstructing ...
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