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Williams Eric S - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation is increasingly prevalent among older adults and is a major contributor to morbidity in this population due to associated strokes, heart failure, and quality of life impairment. Catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation is demonstrated to be superior to antiarrhythmic therapy for the control of symptomatic and medically refractory ...
Dagres Nikolaos - - 2011
The formation of atrial-esophageal fistula after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation is a rare but devastating complication with high mortality. Prevention is of utmost importance. We review the usefulness of currently available preventive measures. Recent studies using endoscopy after atrial fibrillation ablation show the development of esophageal ulcerations in 14-17% ...
Suryawanshi Suresh Punam - - 2011
Myocardial infarction in children is extremely rare and can have various etiologies. The following two case reports highlight rare but important causes of myocardial infarction in children.
Germing Alfried - - 2011
Advanced age and female sex are associated with increased myocardial stiffness, even in the absence of cardiovascular disease. Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and left atrial (LA) enlargement are typical findings in patients with LV diastolic dysfunction (DD). Because DD has been described in asymptomatic subjects, its clinical impact remains controversial. ...
Lund Lars H - - 2011
Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) offer effective therapy for severe heart failure (HF) as bridge to transplantation or destination therapy. Rarely, the sustained unloading provided by the LVAD has led to cardiac reverse remodelling and recovery, permitting explantation of the device. We describe the clinical course of a patient with ...
Kokotsakis John - - 2011
Cor triatriatum is a rare congenital cardiac malformation and it usually refers to the left atrium. We report an unusual case of cor triatriatum in a 33 - year old woman presented with congestive heart failure caused by left ventricular systolic dysfunction.
Kaneko Noboru - - 2010
Three-dimensional reconstruction of the human heart was performed to define the structure of the intramyocardial microvasculature. A total of 200 consecutive serial sections of 6 μm each were prepared from the left ventricular tissue of an autopsied human heart with normal coronary arteries. The corresponding arteriole, venule and all capillaries ...
Jameel Mohammad Nurulqadr - - 2011
We previously reported that the myocardial energetic state, as defined by the ratio of phosphocreatine to ATP (PCr/ATP), was preserved at baseline (BL) in a swine model of chronic myocardial ischemia with mild reduction of myocardial blood flow (MBF) 10 wk after the placement of an external constrictor on the ...
Le Polain DE Waroux Jean-Benoit - - 2010
We report the case of a patient with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in whom 2 previous cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) ablations were performed for recurrent type I counterclockwise atrial flutter. One year after the last CTI ablation, the patient underwent pulmonary vein isolation for AF and reassessment of conduction block in the ...
Desai P K - - 2010
Deep cerebral venous thrombosis is an uncommon event. It usually involves the halami and adjacent areas on both sides. Unilateral thalamic infarction is extremely rare subsequent to deep cerebral venous thrombosis. Imaging findings of a female in the postpartum period with unilateral thalamic infarction and basal ganglia edema are presented.
Shah Dipen - - 2011
Aims Catheter manipulation during ablation procedures can produce injury and tamponade. We evaluated the mechanical forces required to perforate a porcine heart with an ablation catheter. Methods and results A 7 Fr, 3.5 mm irrigated radiofrequency (RF) ablation catheter with a force sensor (FS) within its tip was used to ...
Collins Kathryn K - - 2011
Background:  Cryoablation for arrhythmia substrates in pediatrics has been available since 2003. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current approach of pediatric electrophysiologists to the use of cryoablation in the current era. Methods:  We sent an Internet link to an online survey to all members of the ...
Duncan Edward - - 2013
This report describes the incidental finding of complete left atrial standstill during successful ablation of a right-sided atrial tachycardia in a patient with severe dilated cardiomyopathy and a history of extensive catheter ablation within the left atrium.
Wilson William - - 2010
We describe two cases of no reflow phenomenon in the setting of primary PCI for ST elevation myocardial infarction successfully managed with intracoronary vasodilator therapy via a Clearway™ balloon catheter, where vasodilator therapy via the guiding catheter had been ineffective. Traditionally, if not given via the guiding catheter, vasodilators have ...
Al Aloul Basel - - 2010
Radiofrequency ablation of atrial flutter is a commonly performed procedure. Ablation success depends upon complete transmural atrial tissue injury to achieve bidirectional cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) block. Transmural ablation increases risk of injury to the adjacent right coronary artery (RCA). Distance between the RCA and the endocardium within the CTI area ...
Heist E Kevin - - 2010
A 75-year-old woman with dextrocardia, situs inversus, and subpulmonic outflow obstruction presented with recurrent supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). This SVT was easily inducible during electrophysiology study, and pacing maneuvers during SVT were consistent with atypical, slow-slow atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). The His bundle was identified in the low postero-septal morphologic ...
Huang Xin-Miao - - 2011
With the number of complex catheter ablation procedures increasing, procedure-related acute cardiac tamponade is encountered more frequently in the cardiac catheterization laboratory. Survival depends on prompt recognition and rescue pericardiocentesis. The aim of this report was to validate fluoroscopic heart silhouette characteristics associated with cardiac tamponade as a diagnostic method, ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2011
A case of idiopathic premature ventricular contractions successfully ablated from the epicardial right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) via the subxiphoid pericardial approach was described. The sites with earliest endocardial and epicardial ventricular activation were located adjacent to each other in the RVOT and at both sites, double potentials were recorded. ...
Wang Norman C - - 2012
Catheter ablation of the slow atrioventricular (AV) nodal pathway is the treatment of choice for dual AV nodal nonreentrant tachycardia. Rapid ventricular rates during incessant tachycardia may compromise catheter stability and increase the risk of AV block. Conduction via the slow AV nodal pathway may mimic junctional beats with retrograde ...
Kozeluhova Marketa - - 2011
Aims Electrical storm (ES) adversely affects prognosis of patients and may become a life-threatening event. Catheter ablation (CA) has been proposed for the treatment of ES. Our goal was to evaluate the efficacy of CA ablation both in acute and long-term suppression of ES. Methods and results Fifty consecutive patients ...
Yeo Khung Keong - - 2010
Coronary sinus thrombosis is an extremely rare clinical syndrome with a high fatality rate. It is associated with procedures in the right heart, including insertion of pacemaker wires, Swan-Ganz catheters, and central venous lines. Recognition is often late, and treatment options are not well characterized. We present a case of ...
Jimenez Alejandro - - 2010
We describe a case of atypical atrial flutter presenting 1 year after radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). Electrophysiologic study showed a reentry circuit involving the inferolateral aspect of the mitral annulus and the coronary sinus (CS); however, a mitral isthmus line did not terminate the arrhythmia. Participation of the ...
Lebon Jean-Sébastien - - 2010
To determine the safety and efficacy of a standardized approach to the use of an endovascular coronary sinus (CS) catheter during minimally invasive cardiac surgery. Case series. University hospital. Patients undergoing mitral and/or tricuspid valve surgery using a minimally invasive cardiac surgery approach. An endovascular CS catheter was placed to ...
Blaauw Y - - 2010
Frequent monomorphic ventricular premature beats (VPBs) may lead to left ventricular dysfunction. We describe two patients with frequent monomorphic VPBs and dilated cardiomyopathy in whom left ventricular function normalised after elimination of the VPBs by radiofrequency catheter ablation. The recent literature on this topic is summarised and potential candidates for ...
de Bono Joseph P - - 2010
Atrial flutter (AFl) and atrial fibrillation (AFib) share many clinical risk factors and potential mechanisms with atherosclerosis. Despite this, an association between stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and atrial arrhythmias has not previously been documented. To investigate this hypothesis we measured the incidence of occult coronary atheroma on coronary angiography ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2011
A 57-year-old man with prior anteroseptal myocardial infarction underwent catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) exhibiting a left bundle branch block QRS morphology. After failed left ventricular ablation, catheter ablation from the right ventricle (RV) eliminated the VT. An RV voltage map demonstrated an area of low voltage around the ...
Guo Lei-Sheng - - 2010
Radiofrequency ablation at the posterior papillary muscle (PM) significantly reduced ventricular fibrillation (VF) inducibility in rabbits and dogs, suggesting that PM may be involved in the generation of VF. However, the effect of ablation at the PM on VF inducibility remains unknown in normal intact swine hearts because in this ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2010
The summit of the left ventricle (LV) is the most superior portion of the epicardial LV bounded by an arc from the left anterior descending coronary artery, superior to the first septal perforating branch to the left circumflex coronary artery. Ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) originating from this region may present challenges ...
Sarrazin Jean-Francois - - 2010
Premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) occur frequently in patients with heart disease. The sites of origin of PVCs in patients with prior myocardial infarction and the response to catheter ablation have not been systematically assessed. In 28 consecutive patients (24 men, age 60 ± 10, ejection fraction [EF] 0.37 ± 0.14) ...
Ejima Koichiro - - 2010
We report a case of an atrial tachycardia (AT) originating from the left atrium (LA) associated with cor triatriatum sinister. Electroanatomical mapping of the 2 subdivided chambers of the LA during the AT revealed a centrifugal activation pattern from the posterior wall of the accessory chamber near the left superior ...
Jia-Feng Lin - - 2012
We report a case of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) coexistent with His bundle anomaly and atrial septal defects. The His-bundle potential was recorded at the coronary sinus (CS) ostium. Fractionated atrial potentials and an A:V electrogram ratio 1:3 were recorded at the anterior septum of the tricuspid annulus approximately ...
Baetz Brooke E - - 2010
Current guidelines recommend using bivalirudin, a direct thrombin inhibitor,as a preferred alternative to unfractionated heparin in patients with heparin induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) for percutaneous coronary intervention, as well as for cardiac and vascular surgery. Anticoagulation during radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFA) procedures may be another potential use for bivalirudin in the ...
Stieglitz Lennart H - - 2010
The accurate position of the ventricular catheter inside the frontal horn of the lateral ventricle is essential to prevent proximal failure in shunt surgery. For optimal placement, endoscopic- and image-guided techniques are available. We introduce a newly constructed tool for quick and safe placement of ventricular catheters. It is mounted ...
Schwagten Bruno - - 2010
Ablation for atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia is very effective, with a potential for damage to the normal conduction system. Cryoablation is an alternative, as it allows cryomapping, which permits assessment of slow pathway elimination at innocent freezing temperatures, avoiding permanent damage to the normal conduction system. It is associated with ...
Derejko PaweĊ‚ - - 2012
We present a case of recurrent outflow tract arrhythmia despite repeated ablations. Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) morphology suggested a right-sided focus. However, electrograms preceding PVCs were recorded from the right and left outflow tracts, distal coronary sinus, and right sinus of Valsalva. Arrhythmia was eliminated after radiofrequency (RF) applications delivered ...
Giannessi Daniela - - 2010
Radiofrequency (RF) ablation of arrhythmias induces myocardial damage and release of biomarkers. This study aimed to assess the kinetics of heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (h-FABP), a cytosolic protein released after myocardial injury incurred by both atrial and ventricular RF ablation, compared to other markers of myocardial injury. h-FABP, cTnI, CK-MB(mass) ...
Uusimaa Paavo - - 2010
Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute vasculitis involving all blood vessels with frequent cardiovascular complications. We describe a 28-year-old patient with childhood KD having coronary complications at the age of 17 now presenting with sustained atrial tachycardia. Electrophysiological study and catheter ablation were performed. Electrophysiological study revealed a left atrial ...
Yokokawa Miki - - 2010
Ablation of arrhythmias arising from the papillary muscles (PAPs) is challenging. The purpose of this study was to assess the predictors of successful catheter ablation in patients with ventricular arrhythmias arising from the PAPs. Forty consecutive patients (15 women, mean age 51 ± 14 years, left ventricular ejection fraction 0.46 ...
Camlar Mahmut - - 2011
Shunt obstruction is the most common shunt complication. In 2003, Kehler et al. used peel-away sheath while implanting the ventricular catheter in 20 patients. They found less revision rate in the peel-away sheath group. We aimed to test the efficacy of this technique in cadavers. We used 100 fresh brains ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2010
Idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) can originate from the left ventricular papillary muscles (PAMs). This study investigated the electrophysiological characteristics of these VAs and their relevance for the results of catheter ablation. We studied 19 patients who underwent successful catheter ablation of idiopathic VAs originating from the anterior (n=7) and posterior ...
Anguera Ignasi - - 2010
Sinus node bradycardia or sinus node arrest is a documented phenomenon during radiofrequency catheter ablation. In addition, sinus node inhibition during ventricular pacing has been described as an infrequent occurrence in the course of diagnostic electrophysiology studies. The proposed mechanism in both situations is intense stimulation of vagal afferent pathways ...
Saba Magdi M - - 2011
Idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (VF) is defined as spontaneous VF in the absence of structural heart disease. No prior reports exist addressing the technical aspects of idiopathic VF ablation in a child. We present the case of a 10-year-old boy with idiopathic VF, who presented a unique management challenge, particularly as ...
Kettering Klaus - - 2010
Catheter ablation is of growing importance in patients with an ischemic cardiomyopathy and recurrent episodes of ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Most ablation strategies in these patients are based on the detection of areas of scar and border zones to normal myocardium. However, the mapping criteria for identifying these areas have not been ...
Uçar Ozgül - - 2010
A 52-year-old man with left atrial tachycardia underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation. A steerable 4-mm-tip ablation catheter was advanced into the left atrium through a patent foramen ovale without transseptal puncture. However, the tip of the catheter was stuck in a structure. A pull-back maneuver rendered the catheter free and the ...
Sánchez-Quintana Damián - - 2010
The development of ablation techniques for supraventricular arrhythmias in patients with Ebstein's anomaly have led to a need for better understanding of the morphology of the triangle of Koch and the position of the atrioventricular (AV) node in this structure. The study involved 17 human hearts: 11 with Ebstein's anomaly ...
Nakahara Shiro - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to compare the characteristics and prevalence of late potentials (LP) in patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) and ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) etiologies and evaluate their value as targets for catheter ablation. LP are frequently found in post-myocardial infarction scars and are useful ablation targets. The ...
Shin Woo Seung - - 2010
In radiofrequency (RF) ablation for idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia (ILVT), the termination of tachycardia during RF ablation is considered a hallmark of success. However, in cases of patients with difficulty of induction of ventricular tachycardia (VT), the evaluation of procedural success can be problematic. We have observed thermal responses reflected ...
Thomas Vincent - - 2010
Epicardial catheter ablation has been demonstrated to be safe and effective in adults, but there are limited reports in the pediatric population. We report the epicardial ablation of an incessant, hemodynamically compromising ventricular tachycardia in a 13-month-old patient on venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. The procedure resulted in elimination of tachycardia ...
Banchs Javier E - - 2010
With the availability of catheter ablation for the elimination of complex cardiac arrhythmias, new imaging tools have enhanced the safety and efficacy of procedures performed in the electrophysiology laboratory. We review the use of intracardiac ultrasound (ICE) as the modality that allows real-time monitoring and reconstruction of cardiac anatomy. Practical ...
Houmsse Mahmoud - - 2011
Frequent ventricular ectopy is often the cause of debilitating symptoms, even in the absence of structural heart disease or malignant ventricular arrhythmias. Mapping and ablation technology has evolved to offer permanent elimination of the ventricular ectopy as a means to manage symptoms. The majority of idiopathic ventricular ectopy originate from ...
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