Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1769
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Takami Mitsuaki - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the time course of resolution of left atrial appendage (LAA) stunning after catheter ablation of chronic atrial flutter (AFL). BACKGROUND: Although the presence of LAA stunning after ablation of chronic AFL calls for anticoagulation in the post-cardioversion period, limited information has been obtained, particularly regarding its ...
Reddy Vivek Y - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Substrate mapping of post-myocardial infarction ventricular tachycardia involves electroanatomic delineation of scarred tissue on the basis of electrogram characteristics during sinus rhythm. A percutaneous transthoracic technique was recently described that allows catheter mapping of the epicardial surface of the heart. This study sought to determine whether the epicardial extent ...
Reithmann Christopher - - 2003
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia is a structural heart disease characterized by fibrofatty degeneration of right ventricular myocardium and arrhythmias of right ventricular origin. The aim of this study was to characterize endocardial right ventricular activation by electroanatomic mapping as a guide for catheter ablation in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular ...
Ribbing Michael - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Activation mapping and pace mapping identify successful ablation sites for catheter ablation of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) tachycardia. These methods are limited in patients with nonsustained tachycardia or isolated ventricular ectopic beats. We investigated the feasibility of using noncontact mapping to guide the ablation of RVOT arrhythmias. METHODS ...
Willems Stephan - - 2003
The present study sought to investigate the electrophysiological properties of isolated pulmonary veins following successful radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). Overall, 71 pulmonary veins in 37 consecutive patients (age: 56 +/- 9 years) with recurrent PAF were targeted for RF ablation at the ostial ...
Starck C - - 2003
Starting in November 1999, we performed a left atrial radiofrequency ablation procedure concomitantly to a variety of cardiac surgical procedures. By January 2001, this ablation procedure had been performed on 100 patients (age 65.7 +/- 10.4 years, 53 % male, 47 % female, left atrium 51.0 +/- 7.5 mm) suffering ...
Benussi Stefano - - 2003
Atrial fibrillation ablation surgery has grown very popular in recent years. Modern techniques involve creation of linear scars on the left atrial wall using different ablation devices. That raises the concern about new major surgical complications that can be caused by the ablation procedure. Postablation coronary obstruction and esophageal injury ...
Földesi Csaba - - 2003
The term atrial flutter was introduced 90 years ago for an arrhythmia with a unique electrocardiographic pattern. The development of endocardial mapping techniques in the last decade allowed the detailed characterization of the tachycardia circuit and the identification of the cavotricuspid isthmus as its critical part. This review stresses the ...
Chiou Chuen-Wang - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to test the electrophysiological effects of continuous enhanced vagal tone on dual atrioventricular (AV) nodal and accessory pathways. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study included 10 patients with typical, slow-fast AV nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) and 10 patients with AV reciprocating tachycardia. Electrophysiological data ...
Engelstein Erica D - - 2003
Sudden cardiac death is responsible for >40% of patients with heart failure losing their lives. Thus, the prevention of life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias is a major goal in the management of heart failure. In several randomized clinical trials, electrical therapy with the implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) has proved superior to medical ...
Weinbroum Avi A - - 2003
The efficacy and safety of flumazenil in reversing midazolam-induced paradoxical reaction in a child suffering from paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) and undergoing radiofrequency ablation procedure has not been described before. We report a boy who had suffered for years from poorly controlled PSVT because of noncompliance to medications and was ...
Schmieder Sebastian - - 2003
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the acute success rate and long-term efficacy of radiofrequency ablation of common type atrial flutter (AFL) by using a standardised anatomical approach in a large series of patients and to assess the influence of right atrial isthmus ablation on the occurrence ...
Raungratanaamporn Ongkarn - - 2003
Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) is the first-line therapy for various tachyarrhythmias. The authors reports experience of RFCA for various types of tachyarrhythmia in 80 consecutive patients, 85 tracts of ablation, from May 2001 to October 2002. The mean age was 40 years, range 6-81 years. Seventy four and 13 tracts ...
Okishige Kaoru - - 2003
Three-dimensional visualization of cardiac activation has become important for providing further insights into the pathophysiological mechanisms of arrhythmias and to increase the efficacy of catheter ablation. The noncontact mapping system enables a single-beat analysis of the reconstructed geometry of the cardiac chamber. In 8 patients with various kinds of arrhythmias ...
Krittayaphong Rungroj - - 2003
From January 1996 to May 2002, 61 patients with ventricular tachycardia from right ventricular outflow tract were referred to Siriraj hospital. All patients underwent clinical examination, Doppler echocardiography and electrophysiologic study. Mapping of ventricular tachycardia was performed by activation mapping and pacemapping. There were 44 females and 17 males with ...
Wrobleski David - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Substrate-based catheter ablation of postmyocardial infarction (post-MI) ventricular tachycardia necessitates electroanatomic definition of the scarred endocardium. We sought to determine whether electrogram criteria during sinus rhythm could identify the location and extent of the myocardial scar by electroanatomic mapping. METHODS AND RESULTS: A porcine model of healed MI was ...
Tsai Jang-Zern - - 2003
Due to rapid change of fiber orientation, it is difficult to measure myocardial impedivity separately in a longitudinal or transverse fiber direction without mutual influence in the two directions. Previously published values of the longitudinal and the transverse myocardial impedivity were derived indirectly from measurements that mixed the impedivity in ...
Hussin Azlan - - 2003
We report the case of an accessory pathway in a left inferoposterior diverticulum. The pathway masqueraded as a true left lateral pathway due to the direction of activation over a coronary sinus to left atrium connection. The patient had undergone four prior failed ablation attempts at other institutions using both ...
D'Avila Andre - - 2003
Investigators are beginning to exploit the pericardial space for a number of cardiovascular applications, including catheter ablation of cardiac arrhythmias, cardiovascular drug therapy, and cardiac pacing. This review explores the anatomy of the pericardial space and the anatomic variants that may be encountered in this novel approach to the heart.
Liu Quan-Da - - 2003
AIM: To assess the feasibility and safety of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in treatment of secondary splenomagely and hypersplenism. METHODS: Sixteen healthy mongrel dogs were randomly divided into two groups, group I (n=4) and group II (n=12). Congestive splenomegaly was induced by ligation of splenic vein and its collateral branches in ...
Kirchhof Paulus - - 2003
We report a patient with incessant, exercise-limiting supraventricular tachycardia on the ventricular level and a constant 1:2 atrioventricular relation. Careful mapping of the AV nodal region revealed His alternans in the inferior AV nodal area and nonalternating His morphologies in the superior His region. Radiofrequency catheter ablation in the inferior ...
Szili-Torok T - - 2003
AIMS: Fluoroscopy does not allow identification specific anatomical landmarks during electrophysiological studies. Intra-cardiac echocardiography permits visualization of these structures with excellent accuracy, but the optimal method has not been fully described. The aim of this study was to assess the capability of intra-cardiac echocardiography for the visualization of such structures ...
Colangelo Nicola - - 2003
In recent years, the popularity of simplified intraoperative ablation approaches to treat atrial fibrillation (AF) has been progressively increasing. Our group has described a left atrial procedure based on epicardial radio frequency ablation on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). We report our CPB and myocardial protection strategy in 157 patients who underwent ...
Jazbinsek V - - 2003
Investigations were carried out into whether an equivalent generator consisting of two dipoles could be used to detect dual sites of ventricular activity. A computer model of the human ventricular myocardium was used to simulate activation sequences initiated at eight different pairs of sites positioned on the epicardial surface of ...
Kammeraad Janneke A E - - 2003
Nonautomatic focal atrial tachycardia (NAFAT) is a rare and poorly understood arrhythmia either due to microreentry or triggered mechanism. NAFAT was defined as a focal atrial tachycardia which was inducible with pacing maneuvers in the electrophysiology lab. We reviewed the charts and EP study reports of all 38 patients with ...
Arita Noboru - - 2003
Fluoroscopy (FS)- or transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)-guided heartworm removal was carried out using flexible alligator forceps to compare the rate of worm removal. As a result, the worm removal rates were similar between the two procedures. However, the TEE-guided procedure does not involve radiation exposure, and facilitates observation of worms in ...
Matsumoto Naoki - - 2003
Experimental in vitro and in vivo studies were performed to assess the effectiveness and safety of the cooled-tip catheter and the Cooled Ablation System, which enables the creation of deeper and wider burn lesions in the myocardial tissue using radiofrequency current. This system was confirmed to consistently create large burns ...
Bazaz Raveen - - 2003
Atrial transseptal puncture is a technique that provides pervenous access to the left heart. The aim of this technique is to provide catheter access to the left atrium and ventricle for mapping, as well as stable electrode-endocardial contact for ablation energy application. In the present report, "site-selective" atrial septal puncture ...
Mandapati Ravi - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Intra-atrial reentrant tachycardia (IART) is a frequent late sequel of congenital heart surgery, often involving the cavotricuspid isthmus. In this report, we characterize pericaval reentry, a novel mechanism of isthmus-dependent IART in congenital heart patients, and compare its electrophysiologic characteristics with periannular atrial flutter. METHODS AND RESULTS: Electrophysiologic and ...
Simon Ron D B - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: We report three cases of transient, reversible coronary ischemia occurring after radiofrequency ablation in the left atrium. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 56-year-old man with a left atrial tachycardia that was mapped to the septum and roof of the atrium using a noncontact mapping developed 5-mm ST elevation in the ...
Gonzalez y Gonzalez M B - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic repetitive monomorphic ventricular tachycardia with an inferior axis and left bundle branch block pattern typically originates from the superior right ventricular outflow tract. When indicated, radiofrequency catheter ablation is usually safe and effective. However, a left ventricular origin has been described recently in adult patients in whom ablation ...
Mazgalev T N - - 2003
Although we soon will be marking the 100th anniversary of the discovery of the atrioventricular (AV) node, the mysteries of this most complex of all parts of the conduction system of the heart remain. We are still battling controversies related to the precise morphology of the AV node and its ...
Solomon Stephen B - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Targets for ablation of atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, and non-idiopathic ventricular tachycardia are increasingly being selected based on anatomic considerations. Because fluoroscopy provides only limited information about the relationship between catheter positions and cardiac structures, and is associated with radiation risk, other approaches to mapping may be beneficial. METHODS: ...
Oesterle Stephen N - - 2003
Catheter-based coronary bypass has evolved since its origin in 1995. We present a status update of one version of catheter-based bypass, percutaneous in situ coronary venous arterialization (PICVA), its successes and failures, and the many questions and challenges that remain. Initial clinical experience with PICVA demonstrated promising mitigation of angina ...
Sanchez Javier E - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Determining whether a linear catheter radio frequency (RF) ablation lesion is transmural may be difficult, especially during atrial fibrillation. We hypothesized that changes in pacing thresholds and electrogram amplitude during atrial fibrillation and sinus rhythm could be used to assess whether a radiofrequency ablation resulted in transmural necrosis. METHODS: ...
Peichl Petr - - 2003
Scar tissue after surgical procedures for congenital heart disease may create a complex arrhythmogenic substrate and expose patients to the risk of "incisional" tachycardia. We report the usefulness of electroanatomical mapping in the characterization of reentrant circuits and identification of sites of successful radiofrequency (RF) ablation. METHODS: Electroanatomical mapping was ...
Takeda Akira - - 2003
For percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of osteoid osteoma for pain management, we used a standard electrosurgical generator instead of the radiofrequency generator system. First, we used the standard electrosurgical generator to determine the diameter of the coagulated area of normal femurs and humeruses of dogs under general anesthesia and to detect ...
von Lüdinghausen M - - 2003
New cardiological techniques such as coronary sinus catheterization and selective catheterization of the cardiac veins permit the opening of new experimental and clinical fields, for instance in venous angiography and the reverse nourishment of myocardium which is endangered by ischemia,and also in the electrophysiological study of the components of the ...
Nielsen Christopher D - - 2003
Treatment of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy remains challenging. Medical therapy, surgical therapy, and pacemaker therapy have been shown to be beneficial in some patients over the years. Alcohol septal ablation is a catheter-based intervention that causes a controlled infarct in the septum leading to a decrease in the left ventricular outflow ...
Dietz Ulrich - - 2003
A previous study in rabbit hearts demonstrated the feasibility of creating transmyocardial channels by application of temperature-regulated high-frequency (HF) energy. Feasibility of creating non-transmural channels using a transvascular approach was tested in 14 pigs which were followed for 1 h, and 3 and 9 weeks (group A, B and C). ...
Raute-Kreinsen Ute - - 2003
The transcoronary ethanol ablation of septum hypertrophy (TASH) results in a necrosis of the myocardium. In contrast to the ischemically induced necrosis, there is not any phagocytosis caused by leukocytes and macrophages, nor does transformation into granulation tissue occur. Even six months after the application of ethanol, the myofibrils can ...
Madigan Elizabeth - - 2003
The complications and management of long-term indwelling catheters used for urinary retention and incontinence were reviewed. Research evidence from 1992 - 2002 was located through searches of CINAHL (38 articles), and Medline (89 articles). Fifty studies were critiqued for this review. The most common complications of long-term indwelling catheters are ...
Keane David - - 2002
Although established as the current standard in catheter ablation, radiofrequency energy has significant limitations. To produce a continuous line of conduction block, radiofrequency energy requires contact between the electrode and endocardium throughout and produces a lesion limited in depth and prone to endocardial disruption. As the predominant case mix of ...
Walsh Edward P - - 2002
Improved surgical outcome for patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) has created a rapidly expanding population of adolescents and young adult survivors. Cardiac arrhythmias are a common late sequelae of this form of heart disease. Effective treatment requires clear understanding of the underlying anatomic defect as well as the specific ...
Schreieck Jürgen - - 2002
A recently developed three-dimensional real-time position management system (RPM) uses an ultrasound ranging technique that enables multiple distance measurements between two reference catheters and a mapping catheter each equipped with ultrasound transducers. In addition to three-dimensional representation of the catheters and ablation sites it displays real-time movements of catheters (including ...
Bin Choy Young - - 2002
Radio-frequency (RF) ablation is an accepted treatment for cardiac arrhythmias related to abnormal focal cardiac substrate. The penetration depth of the electrode into the endocardium affects lesion size, a critical determinant of success of RF ablation. We measured the relation between the mechanical compliance and the penetration depth of RF ...
Khan Hafiza H - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Successful RF ablation of VT late after MI can involve multiple applications and long lines of RF lesions. The impact on left ventricular function is potentially important, but not well defined. Quantitative echocardiography was used to determine the effect of radiofrequency (RF) ablation on left ventricular function in patients ...
Hamdan Mohamed H - - 2002
Focal junctional tachycardia (FJT) is characterized by a rapid often irregular narrow complex tachycardia with episodes of atrioventricular (AV) dissociation. This uncommon arrhythmia is most likely due to abnormal automaticity or triggered activity. The patients are often quite symptomatic and if left untreated may develop heart failure particularly if their ...
Duru Firat - - 2002
This review enlightens the application issues of the novel CARTO electroanatomic mapping system (Biosense Webster, Diamond Bar, CA, USA) in both research and clinical electrophysiology. It is a very useful tool in catheter ablation procedures in patients with sustained atrial tachycardias, macroreentrant atrial arrhythmias after surgical correction of congenital heart ...
Rogers Jack M - - 2002
We developed a new method for fabricating plunge needle electrodes for use in cardiac mapping. The needles have 12 electrodes with 1-mm spacing, are 0.5 mm in diameter, and are fabricated from fiberglass reinforced epoxy. They are stiff enough to be easily inserted into beating hearts and durable enough to ...
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