Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1786
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Kumagai Koji - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) can eliminate most idiopathic repetitive monomorphic ventricular tachycardias (RMVTs) originating from the right and left ventricular outflow tracts (RVOT, LVOT). Here, we describe the electrophysiological (EP) findings of a new variant of RMVT originating from the mitral annulus (MAVT). METHODS AND RESULTS: MAVT was identified ...
Bindra Paveljit S - - 2005
Catheter ablation therapy for ventricular tachycardia has evolved over the past 20 years to become the first-line therapy. This development has been facilitated by technology that has allowed better anatomic and electrophysiologic correlations. A better understanding of radiofrequency (RF) ablation has led to safer and more effective treatments, allowing it ...
Joshi Sandeep - - 2005
Ventricular tachycardia (VT) arising from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) in the absence of overt structural heart disease is a common entity. Exclusion of occult structural disease such as arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy is critical as this diagnosis impacts both ablation outcomes and long-term prognosis. VT is most commonly ...
Okuyama Yuji - - 2005
We report a case of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia coexistent with atresia of the coronary sinus ostium. Radiofrequency current application between the supposed coronary sinus ostium and the tricuspid valve was effective at eliminating the tachycardia. A coronary venogram obtained by left coronary arteriography was useful for guiding the mapping ...
Kolettis Theofilos M - - 2005
We report a case of successful radiofrequency catheter ablation in a patient with dilated cardiomyopathy, who presented with multiple, haemodynamically poorly tolerated episodes of monomorphic ventricular tachycardia, resistant to antiarrhythmic drug treatment. The ablation procedure consisted of focal ablation of three mapped left ventricular sites, using pace and activation mapping. ...
Earley M J - - 2006
To investigate the feasibility of catheter ablation as a treatment for symptomatic patients with longstanding permanent atrial fibrillation (AF). Radiofrequency ablation was applied to encircle all pulmonary veins (PVs) and create lines from the left inferior PV to the mitral valve, along the roof of the left atrium between the ...
Jankovic Z - - 2005
Percutaneous bypass catheters are routinely used for veno-venous bypass (VVBP) during orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). The recognized risks include bleeding, injury of vascular and nerve structures and lymphatic leakage. We describe a case where there were difficulties during catheterization and the patient suffered a cardiac arrest on commencing VVBP. Post-mortem ...
Wieczorek Marcus - - 2005
Endocardial catheter ablation of accessory pathways is now considered as therapy of first choice in symptomatic patients. Success rates depend on the location of the accessory pathway itself and the operators experience in catheter ablation procedures. In patients with a left-sided pathway the retrograde transaortic catheter approach is used routinely ...
Thal Sergio G - - 2005
Catheter based treatment of arrhythmia has gained significant attention during the last two decades. Due to the explosive development in ablation treatment of atrial fibrillation, huge interest in new tools was born to help in the atrial fibrillation ablation procedures. The aim of this review is to describe the role ...
Wieczorek M - - 2005
We present the case of a 44 year old woman with recurrent episodes of supraventricular tachycardia due to AV-nodal reentry (AVNRT). She was refractory to conventional medical treatment and referred to our hospital with the view to catheter ablation of the slow AV-nodal pathway. AVNRT of the common type was ...
Veldtman Gruschen R - - 2005
Perforating radiofrequency (PRF) energy has been used to obtain percutaneous transseptal left heart access. Contrary to ablative radiofrequency (RF), myocardial tissue responses to PRF thermal injury are incompletely defined. In this study, a newly developed RF catheter system for transseptal left atrial entry was compared with conventional needle puncture. Of ...
Dong Jian-zeng - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Delayed cure had been observed in recurrent cases after index ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF), however, its mechanism and incidence have not been elucidated in detail. This study aims to investigate the impact of different ablation strategies on the incidence of delayed cure and its possible mechanisms after trans-catheter ...
Magnin-Poull Isabelle - - 2005
Postatriotomy atrial tachycardia ablation. INTRODUCTION: In patients without structural heart disease, the most frequently occurring AT is the common atrial flutter. In patients with repaired congenital heart disease other mechanisms of AT may occur, due to the presence of an atriotomy that can provide a substrate for reentry. The aim ...
Baklanov Dmitri V - - 2005
Local delivery of therapeutic agents into the myocardium is limited by suboptimal imaging. We evaluated the feasibility and accuracy of live 3D echo to guide left ventricular endomyocardial injection. An intramyocardial injection catheter was positioned in the left ventricle in five healthy Yorkshire pigs using fluoroscopy. All other catheter manipulations ...
Duboc Véronique - - 2005
The asymmetric positioning of internal organs on the left or right side of the body is highly conserved in vertebrates and relies on a Nodal signaling pathway acting on the left side of the embryo. Whether the same pathway also regulates left-right asymmetry in invertebrates and what is the evolutionary ...
Kubota Satoko - - 2005
So-called unipolar 'PQS pattern' is widely accepted as a hallmark of successful catheter ablation of the left-sided atrioventricular accessory pathway. However, the unipolar nature of the electrogram and the site-dependent appearance of this characteristic pattern are poorly understood. Therefore, unipolar coronary sinus (CS) mapping was performed using a multipolar fine ...
Al-Badr Ahmed - - 2005
We report on a 56-year-old woman with irritative voiding symptoms, which started 4 months after undergoing a TVT procedure for stress incontinence (SI). Evidence of the mesh coming through the left bladder wall did not emerge until cysto-urethroscopic examination 2 years after surgery. Excision was done via transurethral cystoscopy with ...
Cheng Jie - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The anatomic substrate for protected isthmus conduction in the right atrium has been well defined. Little is known of similar substrates in the left atrium (LA). METHODS: Patients (pts) with reentrant tachycardia (AVRT) supported by a single left-sided accessory pathway were studied retrospectively (n = 64) and prospectively (n ...
Fazel Shafie - - 2005
Cellular therapy for acute myocardial infarction and ischemic cardiomyopathy has entered clinical trials across the globe. Early promising results have now provided the justification for larger randomized and blinded trials to address the efficacy of cellular therapy. A variety of fresh or cultured autologous cells have been delivered by catheter-guided ...
Vatasescu Radu - - 2005
Radiofrequency lesions can, theoretically, be the substrate for new persistent arrhythmias. As far as we know, this has never previously been encountered after transcatheter ablation of accessory pathways. A child with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome was referred for radiofrequency catheter ablation of a left-sided accessory pathway. After successful ablation of the accessory ...
Traoré Ousmane - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the rates of positive quantitative culture (PQC) of arterial catheter (AC) and central venous catheter (CVC) tips and of CVC- and AC-related bacteremia in intensive care unit patients undergoing placement of both ACs and CVCs. DESIGN: Prospective, descriptive survey. To control for a difference in the severity ...
Arya Arash - - 2005
The conduction properties of accessory pathways (APs) are independent of location and conduction mode (except in patients with multiple, Mahaim, and slowly conducting APs). Patients with right-sided APs show higher rates of atrial fibrillation and longer arrhythmia cycle length due to slower anterograde conduction over the atrioventricular node during atrioventricular ...
Laham Roger J - - 2005
Effective local delivery to the heart remains an obstacle to successful therapeutic application of a number of drugs and biological agents. This study was designed to study and optimize the delivery characteristics of transendocardial intramyocardial (IM) administration, determine myocardial deposition and retention over time, and compare it to transepicardial IM ...
Bertaglia Emanuele - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Radiofrequency (RF) ablation at the ostia of the pulmonary veins (PVs) to cure atrial fibrillation (AF) is often followed by early AF recurrence. The aims of this study were to determine the rate of early atrial tachyarrhythmia as recurrence after circumferential anatomical PV ablation; to evaluate whether the early ...
Kilic Ayhan - - 2005
Azygos continuation is seen in 0.6% of patients with congenital heart disease. The major significance of this anomaly lies in its association with complex cardiac defects and the technical difficulty that can accompany cardiac catheterization. We report our experience with successful catheter ablation of a right posteroseptal concealed accessory pathway ...
Petrellis Basilios - - 2005
Accessory pathways are typically located along the left or right atrioventricular junction. Distinct ventricular pre-excitation patterns determined by surface electrocardiography can provide reasonable pathway localization prior to invasive mapping and catheter ablation. We report an accessory pathway producing an unusual electrocardiographic appearance suggestive of ventricular outflow region pre-excitation. Pacing maneuvers ...
Saleem Moeen A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of using a circular multielectrode catheter for mapping and ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) or premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D) mapping systems are commonly used for mapping and ablation of RVOT VT and PVCs. ...
Thiagalingam Aravinda - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To design and test a catheter that could create deeper ablation lesions. BACKGROUND: Endocardial radiofrequency (RF) ablation is unable to reliably create transmural ventricular lesions. We designed an intramural needle ablation catheter with an internally cooled 1.1-mm diameter straight needle that could be advanced up to 14 mm into ...
Agharazii Mohsen - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although most catheter problems in haemodialysis are related to infection or clotting, bleeding associated with the heparin lock is of clinical importance especially during peri-operative conditions. The objective of this in vitro study is to estimate the volume of heparin that may leak into the circulation immediately after performing ...
Takemoto Masao - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The present study evaluated clinical benefits of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFA) for premature ventricular complexes from right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT-PVC) in patients without structural heart disease. BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether PVC causes left ventricular (LV) dilation, which is a well-recognized precursor of LV dysfunction and heart failure, ...
Cabrera José Angel - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although linear ablation of the right atrial isthmus in patients with isthmus-dependent atrial flutter can be highly successful, recurrences and complications occur in some patients. Our study provides further morphological details for a better understanding of the structure of the isthmus. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the isthmic area ...
Takeyama Hiromitsu - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Misplacement of subclavian vein catheters has been reported. We assessed the rate of misplacement of a subclavian vein catheter with and without a novel stylet. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial was conducted between September 2001 and June 2003 in a university hospital. Two hundred sixteen adult patients ...
Kurzidim Klaus - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Cryocatheter techniques have been successfully applied to treat supraventricular tachycardia but there are no reports on their value in treating ventricular tachycardia (VT). We present our initial experience with cryocatheter ablation of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) tachycardia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cryocatheter ablation was attempted in 14 patients (13 ...
Gurevitz Osnat T - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This report describes our experience with noncontact mapping and electroanatomic mapping in complex ablations, which are defined as ablations done after failure of conventional ablation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients were included (N = 68; 49% with structural heart disease) in whom previous ablation failed and in whom a second ...
Avitall Boaz - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The coronary sinus (CS) can provide access to targets across and within the atrioventricular (AV) junction. METHODS: In 12 dogs (32 +/- 3 Kg), cryo balloons (10-19 mm) were applied to regions of the AV junction for 3 minutes at a temperature of -75.9( composite function) +/- 9(composite function)C ...
Rotter Martin - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a possible correlation between atrial ECG amplitude in common atrial flutter (AFL) and radiofrequency (RF) energy required to achieve cavotricuspid isthmus block. BACKGROUND: The amount of RF delivery required for ablation of typical AFL is variable. This variation has been attributed ...
LaBella Gennaro - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, Port-A-Caths are placed with the aid of intraoperative fluoroscopy or other localizing devices. Confirmation of catheter placement and location are made intraoperatively, and this practice adds considerable cost to the overall procedure with questionable benefit. We examined the experience of a community surgeon who does not use fluoroscopy ...
Chen Minglong - - 2005
AIM: The reentry circuit of idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia (ILVT) has been demonstrated to be confined to the left posterior Purkinje network. We hypothesized that mapping and linear ablation of the left posterior fascicle (LPF) during sinus rhythm guided by non-contact mapping can effectively modify the arrhythmogenic substrate in patients ...
Unverdorben Martin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To reduce procedural cost, cardiac centers increasingly use resterilized balloon catheters for percutaneous coronary interventions. Data addressing the procedural and mid-term outcome in a prospective randomized trial comparing new and resterilized balloons are not available. METHODS AND RESULTS: Percutaneous coronary interventions were performed at random in 238 consecutive patients ...
Della Bella Paolo - - 2005
The role of catheter ablation in the treatment of ventricular arrhythmias has been changing in the last decade, and this form of therapy now aims at curing multiple ventricular tachycardia morphologies and complex substrates in patients with structural heart disease (post-infarction and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy). Under these circumstances, conventional mapping ...
Sakata Yoshihito - - 2005
Indications for the transseptal approach to the left side of the heart have recently broadened, as it provides a therapeutic access for both left-sided catheter ablation and also percutaneous transvenous valvular intervention. Despite rising demand for transseptal procedures, the technique and device used for this purpose have remained essentially unchanged ...
Pappone Carlo - - 2005
Radiofrequency catheter ablation is currently used widely and successfully to treat a variety of arrhythmias, and ablation for atrial fibrillation represents the frontier of arrhythmia research. Development in many areas will offer to the electrophysiologic community a more rational and effective background upon which select patients for ablation and identify ...
Tada Hiroshi - - 2005
Tissue tracking imaging was performed in 33 patients with idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias before radiofrequency catheter ablation. The site of the arrhythmia origin, defined as the site where the earliest color-coded signal appeared on the myocardium at the onset of the arrhythmia, corresponded to the site of origin as determined on ...
Jongbloed Monique R M - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to perform a head-to-head comparison between multislice computed tomography (MSCT) and intracardiac echocardiography (ICE). BACKGROUND: Different imaging techniques have been used to visualize the pulmonary veins (PV) before radiofrequency ablation of atrial fibrillation. METHODS: The PV and their atrial insertion were evaluated in ...
Ishikawa Susumu - - 2005
PURPOSE: The effect of epicardial radiofrequency ablation (RFA) during normal heart beating was experimentally studied in order to establish safe and effective procedures for RFA. METHODS: Seven pigs weighing approximately 30 to 50 kg were used in this study. Fifty-one epicardial RFA lesions were created on both atria using a ...
Tanner Hildegard - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze different anatomic mapping approaches for successful ablation of outflow tract tachycardia with R/S transition in lead V(3). BACKGROUND: Idiopathic ventricular tachycardia can originate from different areas in the outflow tract, including the right and left ventricular endocardium, the epicardium, the pulmonary ...
Hachiya Hitoshi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Detailed information about the topographic distribution of focal left atrial tachycardias (FLATs) is limited. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 143 atrial tachycardia (AT) foci were successfully ablated in 140 patients (56 men, mean age 44.6+/-17.9 years). In 36.4% (52/143 ATs), a left atrial (LA) origin of the tachycardia ...
Lemery Robert - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Atrial fibrillation can be eliminated by catheter or surgical ablation, using significantly different approaches and end points. The former has mostly been guided by electrophysiologic recordings, whereas the latter uses direct anatomic visualization. RECENT FINDINGS: Rather than focusing only on ablating triggers of atrial fibrillation, such as ...
Kongo Mariko - - 2005
Radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of supraventricular tachycardias causes local parasympathetic denervation. This study used heart rate variability (HRV) to evaluate the effects of ablation of atrial tachycardia (AT) arising from the atrioventricular annulus (AVAT) on autonomic function. Ten patients with AVAT were referred for ablation (group AT) and compared with ...
Daubert James P - - 2005
We sought to evaluate prospectively the safety and efficacy of cryothermal energy to ablate typical atrial flutter (AFL). Ablation of cardiac tissue using cryothermal energy has recently been developed as an alternative to radiofrequency energy, which may offer certain advantages in the treatment of AFL. This prospective, multicenter nonrandomized study ...
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